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had seen what such Courts were in Germany, as well as in England, told him, “ Matters of Religion “ would not be mended when that Family came “ hither," which made Dr. Bray's Blood then risc in Indignation against him. Yet when that Family had, been here some Years, the good Doctor was forced to alter his Mind; and too sadly to acknowledge the Truth of Mr. Majon's melancholy Prediction.

At another Time in King George I. Reign, a great Noise was made about a Club at Court, called the Hell Fire Club; and it was said that a Maid of Honour to the Princess of Wales was one of them. Whereupon, discoursing with Dr. Bray about that Matter, who with all good Men had such Enormi. ties in the utmost Deteftation : (tho' by the Way this demonstrated but too plainly the Truth of Mr. Mason's Prediction.] I told him, that I knew Dr; Harris, the Chaplain to the then Prince of Wales, now our Sovereign, whoin I took to be an honeft Man; and would speak to him about it. It being naturally the Chaplain's Duty to take Cognizance of fuch Scandals in their own Families. The Doctor reply'd, “ Dr. Harris expects Preferment, you ¢ must therefore take Care of it yourself." I allow'd this Hint, which at first I had not thought of, was proper : Accordingly I waited myself on the Lady Gemmimgen, who was with the Princess, and whose Brother was .my Scholar in the Mathemacicks, because the Princess of Wales then lay-in, and I could not directly come at her Royal Highness. I then informed her of the Story, on pur:



pofe that she might inform the Princess, which she did: But upon Enquiry no Body would confess themselves guilty: Tho' the Thing at that Time was but too notorious. Only some Stop was, I suppose, put to that infamous Club for that Time. But what a sad but prevalent Topick am I now come to! The Expe&tation of Preferment : More Preferment! The grand Thing commonly aimed at, both by Clergy and Laity; and generally the utter Ruin of Virtue and Religion among them both! Poison, sweet Poison; first poured upon

the Church by Conftantine the Great, and greedily swallowed, both by Papists and Protestants ever since Bur blessed be God who hath given me, instead of that sweet Poison, Agur's adınirable Wish: Neitber Poverty nor Riches: But bath fed me with Food convenient for me. Prov. xxx. 8.' Dr. Barrow may have confuted the Pope's Supremacy, beyond the Possibility of a Reply: But the Popes will still exercise that Supremacy, and the Romanists submit to it, without any Scruple notwithstanding. Dr. Newton may have proved the Unlawfulness of Pluralities of Cures and Non-residence, to the utmost Satisfaction of every impartial Reader: But the Clergy, whether bred up in the Church of England originally, or brought over from the Difsenters, will feldom scruple taking as many Cures as they can compass, or the Law of the Land, with the utmost Stretch, will allow them notwithstanding. Tho' it be very plain that the Christian Religion does not permit Clergymen to raise Families out of the Revenues of the Church. See my Account of


Christian Discipline, pag. 57, 58. and Life of Dr. Clarke, påg. (first Edition) 160-163. Nor even as to temporal Dignities and Revenues, does it appear to me either that any of the Jewish Governors, who were raised up by God, such as Mofes, Joshua, and Samuel, before they extorted a King from him, to their own great Mischief, had any Allowance from the Publick at all. Nor indeed that, after their Return from Babylon, their Governors had any more than forty Shekels or HalfCrowns a Day, i. e. hardly one Thousand eight Hundred Pound a Year, besides a Table kept for their family. Nebem. v. 14, 15. Nay indeed, it does not appear to me, that that Civil Lift, as we call it, or those Courtiers who procure the greatest Places for themselves, are at all happier than those in a lower Station of Life. And a great Concern it is to see, so many both of the Clergy and Laity, made poor and miserable, only to pamper a few such as are not made one Jot more happy than they would otherwise have been. Nor do the Residentiaries and rich Prebends in Cathedral Churches, all founded under Popery, except when they are given, as they ought all to be, to poor Vicars or Curates that really labour in the Vineyard of Christ, and really want them, as they seldom are, do any thing else, than give Clergymen a Pretence for Non-residence on their own Cures; and accumstom them to an higher Way of living than they would otherwise have been contented with, nay sometimes shorten che Lives of the Possessors.


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ment, to be made in the Metropolitan Church

And that the Reader may be apprized of the little Advantage that acrues to Religion or Learning from such Prebends in the Cathedrals, which are among the principal of our Church Preferments ; I mean after our Bishopricks and Deanaries, and - Archdeaconries; take this most remarkable Letter of Archbifhop Cranmer's to the Lord Cronwell, extant in Bp. Burnet's History of the Reformation, Records for Vol. III. No. 65, as follows, verbatim, A Letter of Thomas Lord Archbishop of Canterbury

to Cronwell, upon the new Foundation of Cau-

My very singular good Lord,

FTER my most hearty Commendations,

thefe shall be to advertise your Lordship, that I have received your Letters dated the 27th Day of November, and therewith a Bill concerning the Devise for the New Establish



of Canterbury : By which your Lordship requireth my Advice thereupon by writing for our mutual Consents. Surely my Lord as touching the Books drawn, and the Order of the fame, I think that it will be a very substantial and godly Foundation : Nevertheless in my Opinion the Prebandaries which

will be allow'd 40 1. apiece yearly, might be altered to a more expedient Use. And this is my Consideration ; for having Experience both in Times past, and also in our Days, how the said Sect



of Prebendaries have not only spent their Time in much Idleness, and their Substance in super luous Belly-cheer, I think it not to be a cortvenient State or Degree to be maintained and established. Considering first that commonly a Prebendary is neither a Learner, nor a Teacher, but a good Viander. Then by the same Name they look to be Chief, and to bear all the whole Rule and Preheminence in the College where they be Resident: By Means whereof, the younger ; of their own Nature given more to Pleasure, good Chear and Pastime, than to Abstinence, Study and Learning; shall easily be brought from their Books to follow the Appetite and Example of the fame Prebendaries, being their Heads and Rulers : And the State of the Prebendaries hath been so excessively abused, that when learned Men hath been admitted unto such Room, many Times they have defifted from their good and godly Studies, and all other virtuous Exercise of preaching and teaching. Wherefore, if it

may so stand with the King's gracious Pleasure, I would wish that not only the Name of a Prebendary were exiled his Grace's Foundations, but also the superAuous Conditions of such Persons. I cannot deny but that the Beginning of Prebendaries was no less purposed for the Maintenance of good Learning and good Conversation of living, than religious Men were: But forasmuch as both be


from their first Estate and Order, and the one is found like Offender with the other, it maketh no greaç Matter if they perish both together : For to say she Truth, it is an Estate which St. Paul, reckon

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