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MONTHLY COMMERCIAL REPORT. NEWS the most unpleasing to the merchants and underwriters have been at last received

in regard to the fate of Buenos Ayres. It was retaken by the Spaniards, on the 12th of August latd; consequently, even the first of the merchant-thips freighted from this counfry for that port could not arrive before it had returned into the enemy's poffeflion. Poiot ; Maldonado, however, on the opposite side of the river, and considerably to the south-east, of Monte Video, has been occupied by the troops from the Cape of Good Hope. Not one, therefore, of the British merchantmen can have failed, unwittingly, into the harbour of Buenos Ayres, while it was again an enemy's port. They would all go into Portuguese ports, or stop at Point Maldonado; but the rules of their cargoes are, in a great measure, prevented. A part may be disposed of to the Portuguese ; part, also, may be smuggled in among the Spaniards along the cout. Some of the thips may return with their cargoes to Jannica, or others of the free ports in the West Indies; others may send goods into the Soanith market, by the intervention of American traders ; others may await the re-conquest of Buenos Ayres by a new British force. But, after all, the loss upon so many hundred thoufand pounds' worth of goods must be very large. It will be suffered rather by the mere chants than by the under-writers. 'Much of it falls upon the manufacturers and petty dealers; Sheffield and Birmingham, in particular, fuller very confiderably. We fear that Blanchester has also its part, and that not a small one, in the loss

The homeward Weit India fieet has arrived, without mistortune by storm or capture ; * but there is no brisk sale for West India produce. Raw cottons fcarcely fetch a price cqui-. valent to the freight. Sugars continue tou low to afford any thing like an adequate return to the proprietors of Muscovado sugar of middling or inferior quality. The case is the same wilt rum and coffee. The attempt to exclude British commodities from the Continent, annot but be ultimately frustrated; in the mean time, it fails not of inflicting some part of chat mischief upon British commerce which ics author interded. The price of lugar, computed from the returns for the week ending January 21, is only 1l. 178. old. per cwt.

The manufaclusers of linens in Scotland and Ireland, derive advantage from the present fate of Germany. The German linen manufactures are ruined. The demand concinues nearly the same in those staples, in which was the principal competition between German and British linens. Our manuiacturers have the advantage of supplying that whole demand; but there is a icarcity of flax and hemp.

The conditions of the new commercial treaty with the United States of America will not be made public till they thall have been finally ratified by the Anglo-American govern

But doubts have been expressed, that, to the exceeding detrin:ent of our own West India trade, the Anglo-Aniericans may be permitted, under that treaty, to introduce into the ports of Fra’nce the produce of St. Domingo, of St. Thomas's, of their own Soutla Carolina ; and, under snuggling deceits, that allo of Martinique and Guadaloupe: by which France will retain an advantage toward procuring the supplies the wants from the West, Indies, of which the lite edict of blockade against the British illes should have deprived hier.

The ship-owners continue to complain, that the spirit of the navigation-laws is not rigore. ously adhered to in their favour; that thip-building declines in the port of London; and that, without the speedy adoption of a very different policy from that upon which governmenc has for some time acted in relation to the shipping interest, both the ship-building manufacture, and the carrying trade by sea, are in danger of being, within no long time, utterly loit to this country

The juft and equitable mcasure of the immediate abolition of the Nave-trade is again under the confideration of Parliament. It is certain that the crerchants and planters bave been providing against that measure, and have this year sent out nore thips to the coast of Africa than have, for several years previous, been employed in the fame traffic, for the use of the British plantations foiely. It is stated, that 4 or 5000 landmen have, for some time, entered every year on board the ships fitted out on the African trade; that in the voyage from Britain to Africa, from Africa to the West Indies, thole landmen have acquired the skill and expertness of tailors ; that, on their arrival in the West Indies, a great part of them have been always imprefied into the ships of war upon that station, and that. with. out such an annual supply of freth seamen, thus seafoned in hot climares for the service, it is impollible for us to maintain an adequate naval force in the Welt Indies.

The British trade to Portugal survives the consequences of the French edie of blockade; but that to the coasts of Italy, and to the Mediterranean in general, fufters already great injury from the edi&t. Mercantile correspondence is interrupted by ic; and even the trade flom Malta, as an emporium or depôt, to Leghorn, by neutrals, cannot be continued as before. The trade of export and import with Sicily and Sardinia, however, proceeds as before.

The presence of Admiral Louis at the Dardanelles happily prevents any interruption of our trade to the Levant or the Black Sca, and cuts off all pothole communication betwęca the French and India.

ment.

It is ascertained, that if the carrying trade between this country and India were free and open to all, the freight bećween the two would be reduced from 151. per ton, which it now colts, to 5l. or 61. per ton. Should this reduction of freight be accomplikhed, not only indigo, but also filk, sugar, starch, hides, and fruits of several species, might be imported with pecaliar advantage.

The Anglo Americans are preparing to pursue the fur-trade from Louisiana, in a manner in which they may greatly outrival our Canadian and Hudson's Bay companies.

The 3 per cents. have fluctuated, all this month, from 59 to 61. Others in proportion. The average Prices of Navigable Canal Shares and Dock Stock, for January 1807, at the office of Mr. Scott, 45, New Bridge-Street, London :-The Coventry Canal, 4201. to 4331. per fare ; the last half-yearly dividend was 191 per share net.- hron and Oldham, 1001. per fare.-Grand Junction, 861. to 871. ex. dividend. ---Rochda'e, 451., including the last call of 51. per share.- Worcester and Birmingham, at 391. per Share, all calls paid. --Lancaster, at 191.-Monmouthshire Navigation, at 971. ex dividend -West India Dock Scock, at 1441. ex. dividend of 51, per cent. net for the half year to Christmas.-Eatt India Dock, 1201 to 1921. per cent - London Dock, 1001. to 1051. ex. dividend of 21. 15s. per cent. net half-yearly dividend to Christmas.-Globe Insurance, 1021. per cent. ex, divi, dend of St. 108. per cent. half-year to Christmas.

MONTHLY AGRICULTURAL REPORT. THE mild weather which we have experienced in the preceding month has been farourable

to the wheat and tare crops, which in general look better than could be expected from the general hu midity of the winter, which has been unfriendly to sheep-feeding on turnips, and coleseed, although those crops at this season were never more luxuriant and abundant.

From the general good condition of the pastures, much fodder has been faved, and the outlying stock thrive well.

In the country markets, the prices of grain (oats.excepted, from the great purchases male by government) are much lower. Wheat averages, throughout England and Wales, 77s; Barley, 40$. 34. į and Oats, 27s. 24.

The weekly markets are well supplied with fat cattle and sheep at reduced prices. Cox's and calves are now brought there fin plenty, and sell well; but at present there is little or no demand for lean cattle or store sheep. Much business is done in the pig markets, which are well supplied, and meet with quick and ready fales. In Smithfield, Beef fetches from 4. 42. to 55. ; Mutton, from 4s. 8d to 6s. ;-and Pork, from 48. 8d, to 5s. 8d.

In the fen counties, where the practice of breeding cattle has become pretty general, it is now the cuftom, and has been for a winter or two past, to feed their yearling calyes with raw potatocs and some hay, on which they are found to do well.

But the writer of this Report recommends, from experience, the improved method of feming them as food fur horses and cattle, making them more nutritious and less laxative.

NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT.
And now; behold the joyous winter days,
Frosty, succeed; and through the blue serene,

For fight too fine, tb ethereal nitre fiesa
Killing infe&ious damps, and the spent air

Storing afreth with elemental life.
WE bave had Tome frosty days, and on the 14th of January a full of frow of a few hours

continuance ; but hitherto (January.the 19th) the weather has been unufually, and balonably mild.

Chriftomus-day was cold and rainy; but, on the day before and the day after, the fun lone bright and warm, and the bees were Aying about as at the commencement of spring

On Chrikmag-day I observed the following plants in flower : winter aconite, beleborus Imeans of Lianzus; greater periwinkle, vinca major i pxlip primula elatior i prigrafer sila; the drop-zuortfpiræa filipendula ; well. flowers, flocks marigolds, anemones, beparicas. The rina refa Groja finenfis), were likewife in great beauty in the open ground.

1o the bottoms of tome of the sheltered hedges, exposed to the southern (un, I remarked, about the fame day, the red-flowered campion (lychais dioice), and the pile-wors (ranunculus

rs the former a relic of the autumn, and the latter a harhinger of spring,

Jeauary 2, 1807. The voung leaves of the elder and woodbine begin to appear. The & land at the milk nhafte (carduus marianus) are also seen. As 10 elite belapging to the Earl of Malmsbury, in Wiltshire, there was a ro's not

groung ones lo early as the 10 of January.
una bugia to produce their lumbs in the open fields,

After

The moles till continue to throw up hillocks.

After a few days of heavy rain the Aocks, of gulls that came inland were very numerous. They feenied busily employed on the Aat grounds that had been overflowed by the rivers, in picking up irefla water thell animals, and other substances which the fury of the current bad caft afhore. Persons who are curious in collecting Bells would find it worth their while to examine the wreck thrown up by fresh water floods. It often contains (mall ihells in myriads, as well as some of the larger species which are not otherwite easily to be obtained.

At the commencement of the rainy weather the fieldfares retired to the more elevated parts of the county. They are fince returned.

January 6. Gecje begin to lay their eggs.

Salmon fishing has recommenced, but hitherto (January 19th) only one Culmon has been caught in the neighbourhood of the place from which I write.

A jurbelow or beraid motb (pbaldua libarrix of Linnæus), was caught in Aight, on the 6th of January,

After a heavy gale of wind a piece of wood was picked up on the sea beach, containing three or tour of the burnacle fhells (lepus an..tifera of Linnæus, anatifs æris of Bofc). This shell, which was believed by naturalitis of former times to contain the embryo of that lange bird, the barnacle gooje, is not often found upon the southero coasts of England.

January 19. Mezarcon and jnowdrops are in Hower. Hampire.

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AIETEOROLOGICAL REPORT.
Observations on the State of the Wenther, from the 24th of December, to the 241k

of Junuary 1807, inclusive, Two Miles N.W. of St. Paul's.
Barometer.

Tbermometer
Highest 30.55. Jan. 2. Wind S. E.

Highest 53',

Dec. 26. Wind S.W. Lowest 28.90. Jan. 21. Wind West Lowest 16°.

Jan. 15.

Wind N.W.

Between cight and Between the

nine in the morning of Greatest 6 tenths evenings of the Greatest

the 15th instant, the variation in of · 211t and 29d inft. variacion in

thermometer was no 24 hours. an inch. the mercury rose | 24 hours.

higher than 16°, at the from 29.3 to 29.9.

same time on the next

day it Quod at 44o. The quantity of rain fallen during this month is equal to between ene and two-inches in depeh.

*This has been the coldest month that we have experienced, but the average height of the thermometer is rather more than 40°; we have scarcely at any time had a continued froft for 48 bours. The mean height of the barometer, for the whole month, is 28.68.

About the 27th ult. the tides were higher in the Thames than have been known very many years; the overflowing of the water did confiderabl: damage. The fame, we happen to know, was experienced at Margate ; and also in the Firth of Forth in Scotland. The wind blew from the W. S.W.

In the neighbourhood of Perth, North Britain, many of the spring-flowers were in full blow on Christmas-day.

To CORRESPONDENTS. Our Correspondent at Sligo is informied, that the best means of securing a regular supply of the Monthly Magazine is the General Post Office. Confiderable numbers of all the Lorie don periodical publications are circulated through that 'medium: and we are happy to be able to ffate, that the Monthly Magazine, which has always maintained the enviable difinction ot being at the head of the loft ()-fice lifts, inercafes in that as well as every other mode of circulation, with a degree of rapidity of which no periodical wurk ever perhaps utförded a fimilar intance.

Several friends, the value of whole communications we gratefully acknowledge, must indulge us till our bureau is cleared of various interesting papers on temporary anu practical fubjects. We have added to the bulk of the Magazine, without any audition to ttie price, in the hope of being able to comply with the preting solicitations of all our currespondents, to oblige whom as fait as puñible is our obvious duty and interest. The superior circulation of our Miscellany naturally occafions this fuperabundance of valuable communications, and the only preference we give to those which we deem admillible, arises frugi thcir temporary insa portance or their practical utility,

TIIE

MONTHLY MAGAZINE.

No. 154.]

MARCH ), 1807.

[2 of VOL. 23.

* As long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and of giving to their Opinions a Maximum of

"Influence and Celebrity, the mod extenfively circulated Mifcellany will repay with the greaceit Effea the # Cancity of those who read either for Amusement or falruction." JOHNSON.

I

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. Totke Editor of the Monthly Magazinc.* refreshed with agreeable and cooling $IR,

flowers. The featon of most rain is from form you, that, foun after any arrival of December, after the setting in of the * Modras, I had the good fortune to north-east montoon: then allo is the meet with a friend who commands a greateli heat, but during the south-wett country flip belonging to ope of the ports montuons, the violence of which does not

the Coromandel coati. He immedi- extend fo für into the straits of Malacca, ytely gave me a birth, and I have accom the air is cooled by a delightful alternapanied liin hither to take in a cargo of tion of land and sea-breezes. While, from pepper. The last evening. I had the plea- Quida to Juuk Ceylon, the countries lure of Ipending in your company in Eng- only one degree forther to the northward kand, you made me promise to fend you are under the influence of the violett a copy at my Journid: but the places we gales and deluges of rain, which mark the kouched at during our voyage outward, letting in and clearing up of the forthImave been so üfion and fo minutely de- weti inonfoons; Prince of Wales' Mand Jozibed, that there remained nothing new is blefied with a ferene sky, and only now 10 wmtauncate.

and then a day of noderate and light I hope, however, that the following rain, no inore than is neceflasy to invigoanomat of this settlement will be found rate and quicken vegetation. These adto contain some particulars ihat are not vantages render it a place equally tuited zenerally kuown in Europe. It is founded to Europcan, and Afiatic.conftitutions. enlur on actual ohfervation, or on facts During a late excursion into the country, and details for which I am indebted to a a few hours ride from Fort-Cornwallis, gentleman of distinguished abilities, and brought our pnrty to an elevation where Ligh rank here.

the air is cooler hy fixteen to twenty dePale-Pinang, to which the English grees. On these falubrious heights, EuInve given the nanie of Prince of Wales ropean convalescents find their health Mand, is fitunted at the cotrance of the perfectly restored in a few weeks; and ac

raits of Malacca, about a inile and a cordingly they are rauch rolørted to byiqLai tion the crait of Quida, between valils from the other English settlements 5.7 and 3.25 of northern latitude. Its in India. prealelt exteat froin nuorth to fouth is Almost the whole of the northern part about eighteen mules: at the north end it is mountainous, and covered with fine is shootfiltert miles in brcadth; but it . timber down to high-watermark. Through decreases towards the soul to about the centre run three ranges of hills and isleten miles,

fine rallies between them; some of which The climate is very mild and healthy: are cultivated with pepper and a variety for botyöthitanding its vicinity to the of fruit-trees. About one half on the quus, it is acver linble to the extremes Island is either level ground, or of fo

hat and cold seldom to violent and gentle an inclination, as easily to admit et 10 continued rains ns are common of cultivation. Into the Inrge wettetn File cualks of Coromandel and Mala-f bay run two very fine rivnlets of remarkDa the other band it is frequeudy ably gond water; one of which is navi

gable for thips' long-boats, two miles inDie mot fall to be gratified land, and empties itself

into the Imrbour and important information con- about a mile

to the fouthward of Fortvaluable-tuanmunication, and Corriwallis, Water is also found in all to believe me dhall be favoured the low parts by digging to the depth of put the same inteliigèut corree, paly a few feete:

The oncoltivated parts are thickly coNo. 151

o

Vered

vered with wood; the hills and dry but as we have heard nodling of their grounds, with trees of an immense fize produce, it is probable that they liave mixed with canes, rattans, and a great failed. variety of creeping plants; the swamps, The island produces a great variety of with large trees of a more flimsy texture, foreti-irees, many of which are tit for and with the necboon or cabbage and lip-building. The Chinga is in much bectie-irut-tree; ind the ground over- eticom among the Malays, for the purllowed by the tides, with the mangrove, poses of house and thip-buildmg. A tree from the bark of libich a rich red dye is at its full grouth will yield trim 70 to) prepared, and other trees that grow in to gi) diy 2 to 3 tuet diameter of cleac lalt water.

timicr. The Peuger, which pron's The toil is generally light, and in some oily on the tea-shore and rocky ground, parts fandy, and mixed with black veye- furnithes knees and crooked timber für table moulu. For the mult part it is too thips. The Bentinyhour, or red poon. rich for grain; fo that from its luxurianey, attirols the bett timber for matis ant alie crop talls down and rots before it is vards, of any that is producer in India, ripe. The molt proper objects of cultiva- and is elicemed neat in quality to fir. tion are supposed ti be pepper and other It grows to a very great lize and perfpices, and the fruits common on the pe- terily firaight. sunfula of Malacca.

The forciis abound with yum and wood. It is well knoun that tlie Dutch derived oil trees. Oi of the luwuerous species stumense adiantage from the faie of of creepers, is about five inches in diaCINNAMON, NUTMEG, MACE, and CLoves. meter, and grow, continually twisting The true cinnamon tree is peculiar to like a cork-lerew, thooting up itill in a Ceylon, which is now in our pofleffion. spiral forn even wiien it has nothing to The monopoly of the other three spices support it: the bark of this paratite plant, the Dutch Earl India Company bad for which is remarkably thick, emits, when inore than a century fecured to theni- cut, a white vitcous juice, which, on exIelves, by extirpating the trees that posure to the air, takes in a very few mie produce ihein wherever they could be nutes the colour and conditiency of jound, except in Banda and Amboyna; elattic guin, of the fame appearance and with which no other nation was allowed antivering the fame purpoles as the Cato have any intercourie. When the outchouc of South America. Itlands were captured last war, the Direc The indigenous wild quadrupeds were tors of the East India Company, and the fome dcer and wild hogs. The latter are Judian Governinent, foresceing, I suppose, very large and numerous, and commit that on the restoration of peace they great ravages on the lands cultirated would probably be given up again to our with sugar-cane and yains. Sheep, youts, rivals, sent thither an intelligent botanif, bullocks, and other animals, that have under whose fuperintendunce the Nutmeg been introduced by the settlers, thrive and Clove trees in various stages of growth, well and inultiply fast ; and haply are nos were transported to the cost of Sumutra, expofed to the fury of the byena or other (neur Bencoolen,) and to Prince of Wales' rapacious heasts of prey, wliichi abound Jand, where the climate and foil have on the Malay coast, buc none of which proved so congenial to them, that we may are found liere. hope, cre long, to see those valuable There are very few birds on the island, Jpices becoine us plentiful us pepper; doves excepted, of which there is great especially as they will not be exposed abundance, as well as variety of fpecies; there to the Hurricanes, which fome years geefe, ducks, and other domestic fonis, ayo hlew down in one night, alınoit all thrive furprising well; and game and the nutmeg-trees in Banda.

poultry my be furnitbed from the Malay At any rate, the monopoly, which the coatt." At Quidu in particular they are Dutch had established by fraurl, cruelty, fu cheap, that a hundred good fowls may and usurpation, and cemented with thic be purchased for tince dollars; front blood of our countrymnon facriticed to twelve tu lixteen ducks, for one dullar; their acarice, in the infamous inafiere and the price nt' at túll-grown bullock of Amboýnn, is wretied from them tur ickdum cacuds fix dollars.

The whole coast swarins with every I have been told, that the French hat kind of Gil, knowu in other parts of Inbefore fucceedel in carrying plants of the via. The sunrket is likewife plentifully clove-tree to the Mauritius and the West supplied with wytlers, cuckles, mufcles, Audies, with what luccots I hallow nol; wid lurtle.

The

ever.

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