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so much of the fable of the Iliad. It resume them. It is not Greece whom he is, indeed, this aftonishing power of in- ferves, it is Patroclus to whose manes he vention which creates the enthufiafın facrifices the fons of Troy. For Patrowith which Homier is always read, which clus he mourns, even while he drags gives life, animation, and action, to every round the walls of the city the body of thing he describes. His councils, his Hector who has llain him. He mingles battles, his episodes, and his fictions, tears of sympathising forrow at the missucceed each other with a rapidity which fortunes of the aged Priam, with impreallows no pause for the imagination, or cations and threats against the surviving judgment of the reader. He is hurried warriors of Ilium. It is from this mixfrom one event to another by the irre- ture of fenfibility and rage, of ferocity hftible current of his verse, fiowing like and tenderness, that we are presented the course of the river which he de- with the most poetical character that ever fcribes,

was invented. That of Helen is drawn Of Xagieas, koks Te rugi zfår tāca vápeet too with exquisite art. Though she is the . In his exhibition of characters; there excites either difyuft or abhorrence; the

cause of all these calainities, the never is the same variety and wouderful discri- is even fonctimes introduced with a fort minuation. They are lively, fpirited, and of dignity. Her confufion and comalmost dramatic. He has admirably fup- punction when in the presence of Priam, plied the defects of history by the power

or within fight of Menelaus; the evident of his own faucy. The common idea of struggle in her mind between griet, felfAchilles, who forms the principal figure, condemnation, and a ftill lingering fondhas been, we think, unjustly taken ra- ness for the man who has leduced her,

ther from the well-known line of Ho- render her more an object of pity than race,

of hatred. But the poet knows how to Impiger, iracundus, inexorabilis, acer, discriminate between vice and virtue : than from an attentive consideration of and the frailty and crimes of Helen are the manner in which he is pourtrayed in beautifully contrasted by the chaster loves the poem. He is passionate, often furi- and tender sorrows of Andromache. ous, and untractable; but he as often Paris is, as he ought to be, a mixture of Submits to the dičtates of reason and gallantry and effeminacy; Diomed is justice. In all his disputes with Aga- bold, but prudent; Ajax is arrogant and memnon, he has jultice on his fide. brutal; Hector, active, vigilant, and huWhen wronged in his love, he peaceably manc; Agamemnon is actuated by am: furrenders Briseïs, though he disdains to bition, and a thirst for empire; Menecontinue under the command of the ty- laus, his milder virtues ; Nistor is a fage, rant who has forced her from him. Tie talkative,

old man; Idomeneus is a plain is open and lincere; he professes love for blunt foldier; and Sarpedon is gallant bis country, and reverence for the gods. and generous. In our next we shall liis friendihip for Patroclus is drawn in point out to the reader fome of the pesmuiable colours. Indeed, every thing in culiar beauties of the Iliad, with respect the poem tends to aggrandize Achilles, to its machinery, its imagery, and its who is undoubtedly its hero. When the sentiments. Greeks fly before Hector, our attention is immediately turned to the son of Peleus, who, tranquil in his tent, pities To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, the fate of fo many brave men facrificed to the pride of Agamemnon, and re- TN your last Magazine, there is a nojoices to see that pride humbled. Greece

I rice from Maricose of this areais represented as a suppliant at his feet, tion to publith a work on Lord Stanhope's yet he remains awhile inexorable. But Temperament, which he has thought le gives way to the tears of his friend, proper to preface with a sneer at fome

and permits Patroclus to fight under his remarks on the same work, 'inserted in owa kringer. With what tenderness be your Magazines for October and Novem

recommends to him to stop when he fhall ber last, figned C. and XYZ. lesve repulfed the Trojans, and to le Lcaving the author of the first of these ware of Hector! How profound is his to take what notice he pleases of his grief at the loss of a friend to dear, the thare of the reflection, I must beg'leave companion of his infancy! Revenge to obferve that the Doctor has greatly made him throw nlide bis arms—it is re- misrepresented my remarks, in the first venge alone that can indnce him to place, by stating that I have found out MostLY MAC. No. 154.




that his Lordship's system is not a new ons propofed, by three ingenious correspone discovery. Now, in no part of my ob- dents: a queition of luw, relative to the servations will be find any such assertion; puisance of a bee-bive; a question of being so far of a contrary opinion, that humanity, relative to the skinning of I believe the idea of bi-equal thirds never live cels; and a question of pathology, entered into the imagination of any relative to the inconveniences and ditother person besides that of his Lordship. orders commonly ariting from the attacks I bave indeed exprelied myself thus, of “ that troublesome little animal the (vide Mag. Nov. p. 350): “that Lord flea.” It is to the last of thefe I fall Stanhope undertakes to thew that there confine iny present obfervations. are five wolves, as if it were a new dir Your correspondent begins with fupcovery.". But this refers to no part of posing, that the sufferings he euclures are his new fyliem of temperament, but only common to men; or, to use his own eleto the evils he willies to remedy, which gant expretlion, that he is, in this re(as I just afterwards observed) “mult fpećt, "like other folks.” He need not, have been always obvious to every tuner, however, have urged this upon suppoialthough only one of them has been tion only; it is a clear and established found so offend ve to the ear as to be stig- full. If we consult the histories of Eumatised with so reproachful a term as rope, Asia, Africa, or America, we thail that of the wolf.”

fiud, that these powerful inarauders have And this brings me to the next farcasin establilhed themselves in every quarter. of the Doctor's, namely, that “I have In some parts they are more endemiol, found out that the term wolf is a stigma and at some feafons more vigorous and of reproach;" as if I had mentioned as virulent, than in others; especially in a new discovery a thing that must be ob- the countries about the equator, or bevious to every body, or that the words tween the tropics. Dr. Smollet hath injust above-meutioned would bcar any formed us, that in the euchanting clisuch interpretation.

mate of Italy their numbers are incalAs to the last passage he has referred culable, and that their effects are afioto, “that glee-fingers may sink a femi- nishing in happily preventing the inliatone without the least degree of altera- bitants from falling into somnolencies or tion in the temperament, &c." I am at lethargies. But we do not find, that a loss to conceive for what purpote he the most northern climates are defiitute has quoted it, as I have no idea that he of their occafional vilitations, can mean to question the truth of that The particular queries proposed by reinark; and though I afferted it by way your correspondent, relative to this inof argument, I by no means stated it as fect, are “What will prevent, or deany thing newly found out, as the Doctor flroy its effect?" and “ What will cure seems to infinuate.

after it has wounded ?" Upon the whole, as I profefs myself to As to the fust, it does not appear to be open to conviction, I shall very rea be firictly logical, taken as a whole, and dily, when influenced by Dr. Calicott's connected with the second: for to alk argumeuts in his intended publication, what will destroy its effect? is the faine give up my present opinion, and become thing as to alk what will cure after it a convert to his Lordthip's system. I has wounded? or, in the language of am indeed glad to find that the Doctor the schools, the questions are tynonimonts, is himself going to write upon the subs and the one merges into the other. The ject, as from the specimens he has given firit query, therefore, should have been of his erudition in luis Mutical Grainmar, only this, “ What will prevent the atand former numerous publications, Í tack of the flea?” or the ill consequences have no doubt of his treating it in an arising from his actual fejzure? ingenious and scientific manner. But Now, Sir, in answer to this, you will surely, for his own fake, lie might have not do me the injustice to imagine that announced his work without reticciing I mean to propose any advertised or leupon the remarks of others, or at leait cret nolirum to lighten the pockets of without inisrepresenting them. XYZ. your correfpondents. I am a mortal ene

my to quackery; aud tincerely hope, that To the Editor of the Monthly Mugazine. in the new bill, which you have informed SIR,

us fume eminent physicians are about to Nyour Magazine for November, p. present to parliament, for the regulation

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be introduced to abolith this infernal revive, even after apparent death, from traffic, not gradually, as perhaps was various causes ; either by the genial necessary in the flave-trade, but imnie- warmth of the sun-beams, or froin the diately, vi et armis.

vis inertiæ, the infcrutable energies of But, to the point :the question of the celestial Archæus, which pervade prevention. “ Principiis objieis an every organised anînal, from the body of mportant maxiın : guard against first be- the fublime Newton tó that of the invia ginnings. What is to be done when fible mite. So that to this infećt, more fleus are in the vicinity, to prevent their than to any other, may be justly applied attacks? A variety of means might here the memorable motto of the Humane be employed, with perfect safety, and Society, “ Lateat fcintillula forfan." with all imaginable success; such as But, it will be laid, all this is digrefanointing the body with tar, or brimstone fon. Sir, in digreffing, I only follow the ointment ; fumigating the room with af- example of many modern authors, fefafatida, brimstone, tobacco, &c. nators, lawyers, and divines, who often

It is acknowleged that, notwithstand- grievoully wander from the point, and ing this, we may have fome occasional introduce subjects which have little or novisitors. What is to be done in this thing to do with the topic upon which cale! In general, endeavours are made they profess to discant. to seize the enemy. This, it must be Maving treated of the first quere to owned, is often difficult. The flea is of the best of my ability, I thall be very the genus of infects called falient. In brief in contidering the second: What this view, his exploits are wonderful. will cure, after it has wounded? Naturalists inform us, that he is an ab Sir, I must here again obferve, that folute unique. No insect or animal can the term wounded is misapplied. The take such astonishing leaps, in propor- flea attacks by puncture, and not by lation to its Gze. He is alfo much aslifted ceration, which is an essential characin this respect by the acuteness of his teristic in the definition of a wound; or vision. Whether, like the fpider, he has of a wronde, as every fine lady and petita hemisphere of eyes, or a cylinder, in maitre now pronounces it. cominon with some other insects, the fact Now, as to the cure of flea-bites, I is certain, that he evades our grasp long thall only propose a thort piece of ad. before we come in contact with him. He vice; which, if more attended to by further is defended by his elafticity. It phylicians of the body natural, and of is well known that he has a coat of mail, the body politic, would probably prewhich, like the hide of the rhinoceros, vent or cure many diforders in both—Let may be cannon or pistol-proof. Hence them alone. the common sentiment, or proverb, which But, that my lucubrations may not we acquire with che first rudiments of prove altogether useless to your readers, our education : A, B, C; crack a Illall conclude with the relation of a loufe, and kill a flea. The letters are true story, very fuitable upon the preseut froin the ancient cabula; and can only occasion: be underltood by one of the society of Soine ycars ago, at an annual fair in free-masons, upon opening, by the light Staffordinire, an itinerant empiric was of a lamp, the nineteenth lection of the accustomed to fell a powder for the fpefourth tome of Murtinus Scriblerus; cific purpose of killing fleas," which provided he have in the room at the he disposed of to great advantage. I inne an owl and a black cat, a golden lament, that I have none of this powder img in one ear, and four leaves of red by me, for the examination of foune of face, a druchm of camphor, and a our modern chemists, who would quickly branch of fumitory, suspended at the analyze it, pro bono publico. No doubt other. But the concluding part of the it contained fomething fingularly deleefentence, which is a comment upon the table to the taste of the animal, as ratfirmaer, is fufficient, and is plainly this : catchers entice their prey by the odorthat the pellis, or skin, of the more nau- ferous seevts of mulk and rhodium : yet kros inted, together with its body, is I am confident any other powder will do of to

scular and tender a fubfiance, as well, it applied in tire fame inanuer. will readily yield to the pressure « How am I to use the powder

?" said a And whereas, you must employ countryınnd, at one of the fairs above

fumtifo meus to destroy his firfi- mentioned * Friend," quoth ebe docMy who bone bo biten known to tor, you must catch the len by the


nape of the neck, when he will imme- leading characters of a most interesting diately gape, and then put a little of the portion of ancient history. It is not powder into his mouth.” Probatum est. enough to be intimate with those illufiriYours, &c.

ANTE-PULEX. ous personages as they are introduced to Dec. 11, 1806.

us by Herodotus, Thucydides, or Xeno

phon. Our ininds naturally pant for To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the classical writers of the present day to

something beyond; and it is reserved for SIR,

describe them to us as at feasts that never SI have not seen the following ad were given, and in conversations that

were never held. It must, nevertheless, noticed in any of the Journals, you may have struck many of your readers, as perhaps think them worthy of a place in well as myself, that, though much is peryour valuable Magazine. They are ex- formed, much still is wanting. The cortracted from the Compte Rendu des Tra- respondents in the Athenian Letters are vaux de l'Institut National pour l'an 12 all in stiff buck ram, and hold their pens et 13, par M. Curier,

as formally as if they were school-boys M. Ventenat, charged by her Ma- under their writing-matter's inspection. jesty the Empress to cominunicate to the On the contrary, what is required to keep public all the new fpecies of plants in up the real spirit of such a corresponthe garden of Malmaison, has confecrat- dence, is the most perfect ease and faed by her august naine the Jofephinia, miliarity of style and exprellion. originally froin New South Wales. The Greek or Roman newspaper would, it elevation of its stalk, and the beauty of itrikes me, be an excellent device. its flowers, justify the application of the With what delight should we dwell on name, from the great resemblance they such sentences as the following: “ Fabear to the divine original.”

Thionable arrivals at Baiæ. Q. Cæcilius “ M. de Beauvois has had the happi- Metellus, and family; L. Hortenlus, the ness to be permitted to dedicate to the Prætor; Q. Fabius Maximus; Octavia, Emperor Napoleon a tree from the fa- sister to the Emperor and wife of Mark vage country of Owara in Africa, which, Anthony, with her beautiful ward Semfrom the fplendour, the greatness, and pronia; Julia, the Emperor's daughter; the singularity of its flower, well deserve the celebrated poet, Ovidius Naso; Al to bear so great a name. It presents the bius Tibullus, knight, from a tour in figure of a double crown; and as it is Tranfalpine Gaul; P. Lentulus; C. Cornearly a year fince M. de Beauvois pre- nelius Gracchus, from his quæstorship in fented it to his Majesty, it may jutily be Pontus.” deemed a prophetic confecration.

“ Yesterday was married, by special Some of your readers perhaps, Sir, license, at the house of L. Lucullus, by would not have been much displeased the right reverend the principal Flamen with M, Cuvier, had he transported the of Jupiter, M. Metellus Scipio Africadivine Josephine herself to Botany Bay, nus to Lollia Paulina, a lady pofle fled and sent the Great Emperor to cut trees of every accomplisment necessary to in the savage wilds of Owara.

make thie wedded state supremely hapYour's,

X. py.”

“ To be let or fold, that delightful villa

with the gardens at Tusculum, comTo the Editor of the Monthly Maguzine. manding a molt extentive prospect, with SIR,

a peep of the sea from the attic story, WHERE are few scholars who have late the property of M. Tullius Cicero,"

not read with delight that truly &c. &c. classical and elegant work, the “ Atheni A choice collection of really fumiliar an Letters," and yet fewer who are un- letters would also afford a delicious and acquainted the Abbé Barthelemy's ainuf- truly rational entertainment to the reing“ Travels of Anachartis the Younger.” tired clallical scholar: I mean such letWere I called upon to decide on the re ters as Mr. F., at the present day, might spective merits of these performances, I write to Sir George G. or Captain S. to should give the palm unquestionably to Lord. D.; cipecially if inter mixed with the firft, and for this reason: it is the ancient cards of invitation and ceremoft successful of the two in the great mony, The delirnbleness of such an acobject at which both aim, that of ruak- quisition certainly tirock a gentleman of ing us fatiliarly acquainted with the high literary reputation, lately deccafed,

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(to whom I have the honour of being painted Jezebel, and no better philofoexecutor), among whufe papers I found pher in her heart than Pericles's mitress, a few loole jeur d'ejprit of the nature Alpalia. above described, wluch, I have every I upped once at Antony's box on the reason to fappole, he intended to have Appian road, expecting to meet a felect increased to an ample collection, and company of merry fellows, with a fex publiked under fome luch title as Ro- fine girls, to give a zest to the entertainman Letters."

ment. Upon my arrival, I found AnUnder this appellation, I beg leave to tony, and Cytheris tête-à-tête, which, as send you the only pieces I have yet thought in yself late, fomewhat disconfoand, which, you will see, have been certed ine; but judge how I was astowritten very haftily, but which you are nilhed, when he told me that he ex. very welcome to iniert in your excellent pecied Cicero and this fame Cærellia, to Magazine, if agreeable.

complete the company. Now, as I knew I am, Sir, your's, &c. Cserellia had been always reputed a

VARRO. prude, I could not forbear casting a few

lide glances at Antony's good lady, exAfinius Pollio to Cornelius Bulbus. preslive of my aftonilhiment at ler being MY DEAR CORNELIUS,

present at fo grave and serious a party. "I CAN by no means agree with you She fmiled at my confution, and took in your opinion of our old friend Cicero's my well-meant hints with infinite good character. I know he defended your bumour. “ I dou't believe you know uncle extremely well, iu that cause about Cærellia,” the significantly added, "flie's the freedom of the city, on the ground a fine woman, and a very able dispu. of Pompey's act, about which so much tant." ftir wus inade by the governinent; but it Cytheris was now interrupted by four E disagreeable to rip up old fores: so no distinct and philosophical raps at the more on that subject. You don't know, fore-door, the well-known signal of our perhaps, that he was at the bottom of old hypocrite's approach, Antony, who ilie oppolition which was raised against was lolling on a couch, too fat and lazy your having a triumph for your exploits to ftir, exclaimed, « For the sake of among the Garamantes; but you must Caftor and Pollux, my good Citty, go have been informed of (what is notorious, and do the honours of the house for me, to all the world) the part he took in the I am confoundedly done up by our deyear 700, when your uncle prefled him bauch last night at Cotta's, and feel the to remain neuter in Pompey's concerns, crapula riling in my stomach. Cicero is which has fully acquitted your family of too formal and precise to come in with all obligations it might have formerly out a regular introduction, according to conceived itself under to him.

ettquette." But what has all this to do with the He had scarce spoken, when the door charge which you fo zegilously attempt to opened, and Cærellia made her appear confute? Believe me, Balbus, I have ance. She entered with a low courtesy, had many opportunities of judging, which covering her ugly face with an Egyptian your Gituation has denied to you. It is fan, and took her feat without more ce more for the honour of the Academy, inory. She was inmediately followed than out of personal respect to Cicero, by the orator, who advanced fimpering that you inlitt on the Solidity of his pre- to Mark, in a fort of Lydian dancing tenfions to continence and temperance. step, and with a genteel negligence of Have you never heard your father speak air and deportment, his hair curled as of that w-Cærella? When you were nicely as Clodius's, his toga fantastically lait at Tuscaluin, did Tully himself thew tucked up to his knees with a rose-cá you none of her letters to him ?. But loured ribbon, a neat rattan cane in one you will fay, thole letters breathed no hand, and an ebony Snuff-box in the ather Spirit than that of the purelt pli- other. His gay appearance was, indeed, Jotophy: as if any woman ever became fomewhat overcast on observing me as I a pluilofopber, before the had facrificed flood next the fire-place, and his airy fiep

preteufions to that character. No, began to assume fomething of philofoDo, my friend; we old fellows, who have phical folemnity, till Antody observed,

our days breathed the spirit of the There are none but friends, Cicero, Ifqniline Hill, know more of these mata You know my old comrade Polliomas je than the unexperienced burghers of jolly an Epicurean as ever exifted. 'Tig Panduba and Gades, Cerellia was a my rule to banish all diftinction when I

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