« FöregåendeFortsätt »
fic to be given, or the physician to be reduces itself to these few and ealily ohcalled to children, especially if he be a fervable rules: plenty of open air, exerbusy, man, that will presently fill their cife, and fleep, plain diet, no wine, or windows with gallipots, and their stomachs strong drink, and very little or no phy, with drugs." Vide Thoughts on Educa- fic.” Ibid. p. 33. tion, p. 32.
John REID. " And thus I have done with what Grenville-street, Brunswick-square, concerns the body and health, which
Feb. 25, 1807.
STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS IN FEBRUARY.
Contuining official Papers and Authentic Documents.
maintenance of a new system, are juftly POUR legillature during the last month, all and spirited exertions, which liave been
be of them bonourable to the administration made by the new adminiftration, and in which has eiicouraged or brought thein which they have been so liberally fupforward.
ported by the voice of the people. 1. The Abolition of the African Slace The plan is adapted to meet a scale of Trade, a bill for which was brought into expenditure nearly equal to that of the the House of Lords by Lord Grenville, year 1806; and it atumes, that during in which House it has pailed, attendoi by the war, the annual produce of the perno other oppolition than such as ferved manent and temporary revenues will conto bring into action the great talents by tinue equal to the produce of the fame which the abolition was supported. The year 1806. It is undersiood, that any bill is now passing through its various further or unforeseen charge, or any detifages in the Commons, and humanity ciency of revenue, fhall be separately and has never known a more exalted triumph specially provided for. than it will enjoy on the anihilation of Keeping these premises in view, it is a traffic in the human species which fü- proposed, that the war loans for the years ture ages can searcely believe to have 1807, 1808, and 1809, thall be twelve exifted.
millions annually; for the year 1810, 2. The formation of a Committee for fourteen millions; and for each of the ten reducing Sinecure and useless Offices, and following years, fixteen millions, for diminishing the unnecessary Expences Those several loans, amounting for the of the State. A motion to this effect was fourteen years to 210 millions, are to be wule and carried by Lord Henry Petty, made a charge on the war taxes, which the Chancellor of the Exchequer; and a aré estimated to produce 21 millious meafare more honourable to men in of annually, fice, and more demonstrative of the pa The charge thus thrown on the war triotism and integrity of the present admi- taxes is meant to be at the rate of ten miltration, could not have been proposed. per cent. on each loan. Every luch loan
3. A new difpofition of the Financial will therefore, pledge fo much of the war Resource of the Country, hy means of taxes as will be equal to meet this winieb, Ereu if the war continue, no ad- charge:--that is, a loan of 12 millions ditional taxes will be neceffary within will pledge 1,200,0001, of the war taxes, tree years, and none of any confequence, And in each year, if the war thould be (probably tone) within the fubfequent continued, a further portion of the war laten rean, and none at all during the taxes will, in the same inanuer, le net ten years. This proposed meufore pledged. And consequently, at the end
ervunded on the flourishing tate of the of fourteen years, if the war thould laft pomuinness revenue, ou the great pro- to long, 21 millions, the whole produce of uce of the war taxes; on the high and the war taxes, would be pledged for che cumanla ng amount of the Sivking total of the loans, which would at that Fund, and in fome inferior aids to he tiige have amounted to 210 millions. derined from revenues set free by annui The ten per cent, charge thus accomdies only prouted for a term of years, panying each loan will be applied to pay and your enrinn Tjele circunstances, the interett of the loan, and to forin
prograble to the introdogion and Sinking Tund, which Sinkiug Fund will Hans La So. 154,
evidently be more than five per cent. on the increased preffures which it muft fuch of the several loans as Ihall be ob- otherwise experience. tained at a less rate of interest than five From 1810, and for the fix following per cent.
years, charge must be provided for, It is well known, that a five per cent. amounting on the average of those seven Sinking Fund, accumulating at compound years to not more than 293,0001. anmuinterest, will redeem any lum of capital ally: a fum in itself fo finall, in compadebt in fourteen years. Consequently rison with the great additions which have the several portions of the war taxes pro- neceffarily been inade to the taxes in cach posed to be pledged for the several loans year, for the latt fourteen years, that it above-mentioned, will bave redeeined can scarcely be felt, and cannot create their respective loans, and be successively any difficulty as to the means of providliberated in periods of fourteen years ing for it. But even this comparatively from the date of each such loan. "The small amount inay probably be much diportious of war taxes thus liberated, may, minished by the increasing produce of the if the war should ftill be prolonged, be- actual revenues, and by regulations for come applicable in a revolving feries, and their further iinprovement. may be again pledged for new loans. And thus provision is made, on the scale
It is, however, mewn by the printed of actual expenditure, for ten years of calculations and tables, that, whatever war, if it should be neceflary, without any înay be the continuance of the operation, additional taxes, except to the incontidethe property tax will not be payable be- rable amount above stated. At the close yond the period for which it is now of that period, taking the three per cents. granted by the 46 Geo. III. ch. 65, but at 60, and'reducing the whole of the pube will, in every cafe, be in force only dur. lic debts at that rate to a inoney capital, ing the war, and until the 6th day of the combined amount of the public debts April next after the ratification of a defi- will be 337,360,0001. and the combined nitive treaty of peace, and no longer. amount of the feveral Sinking Funds then
It is next to be observed, that the existing will be 22,720,000l.: whereas the charge for the interest and Sinking Fund prefent amount of the whole public debt of the proposed loans, being taken from taken on the fame scale of calculation the annual produce of the war taxes, a is 352,793,000l. and the present amount deficiency equal to that charye will be of the Sinking Fund is no more than created in the amount of the temporary 8,335,0001. revenue applicable to the war expenditure. It'the war fhould still be continued be
Supplementary loans will be requisite yond the ten years thus provided for, it is to make good that deficiency.
proposed to take in aid of the public burThose lupplementary loans inust in- thens certain excesses to accrue from the crease in proportion to the increating de present Sinking Fund. That fund, which ficiency, if the war thould be continued; Mr. Pitt (the great author of a fyltem that but the whole amount of the loan, in any will immortalize his name) originally proone year, including that charged upon posed to limit to tour inillions annually, the war taxes, and the supplementary will
, with the very large additions derived loan, will never, even in a period of to it from this new plan, have accumutwenty years war from the present time, lated in 1817 to fo large an amount as exceed five millions in any year, beyond 24 millions fterling. In the application the amount to which the combined Sink- of such a sum, neither the true principles ing Fund of that year will have been of Mr. Pitt's system, nor any juit view of raised; and upon an average of those 20 the real interefis of the public, or even of years, will not exceed 3,800,0001. the stockholder bimself, can be confider
It is proposed that the supplementary ed as any longer opposing an obftacle loans thall' be formed on the established to the means of obtaining at such a mofyltem of a Sinking Fund of one per cent. ment fomne aid in alleviation of the buron the nominal capital.
thens and vecellities of the country. But The charge fo created will be provided it is not proposed in any cale to apply to for, during the first three years, by the the charge of new loans a larger portion cxpiring annuities: and during that pe of the Sinking Furd than such as will adriod the country will have the great he ways leave an amount of Sinking Fuud nefit of an exeniption from all additional equal to the iutereft payable on such burthens. A new spring may thus be part of the present debt us thinli remiam giren to the energy of our commerce: at unredeetned. Nor is it ineant that this all events it will obtain a security from or any other operation of finance thall
erer prevent the redemption of a fumigencies must at all events be comparaequal to the present debt in as short a tively small, whatever may still be the period as that in which it would have troubled and precarious circumstances of been redeemed if this new plan had not Europe. been brought forwards. Nor will the Undoubtedly there prevails in the final redemption of any supplementary country a disposition to make any further loans be postponed beyond the period of sacrifices that the safety, independence, forty-five years prescribed by the act of and honour of the nation may require: 1792 for the extinction of all fiture loans. but it would be an abufc of that dilpoli, While each of the annual war loans will tion, to apply it to unnecessary and overbe fucceifively redeemed in fourteen strained exertions. And it must not pass years from the date of its creation, so unobserved, that in the supposition of a long as war shall continue; and when- continued ivar, if the loans for the aneter peace shall come, will be redeemed nual expenditure should be raised accoralways within a period far fhort of the ding to the systein hitherto pursued, per, forty-five years required by the above- manent caxes must be imposed, amountmentioned act.
ing in the period affumed, tó thirteen In the result therefore of the whole millions additional revenue. Such an Bienfure, there will not be imposed any addition would add heavily to the public new taxes for the first three years from burthens, and would be more felt after this time. New taxes of less than 300,0001. the return of peace than a ternporary conon an average of seven years from 1810 tinuance of the war-taxes. In the ingan 10 1816, both inclutive, are all that will time and amidst the other evils of war, le necessary, in order to procure for the country would be subjected to the acthe
country the full benefit and advan- cuinulated pressure of all the old revenues, tages of the plan here described; which and of the war-taxes, and of new perwill continue for twenty years; during manent taxes, die lait ten of which again no new taxes The means of effectuating a plan of wbatever will be required.
fach immense importance, arife partly It appears, therefore, that parliament from the extent to which the fyfteto of will be enabled to provide for the pro- the Sinking Fund has already been carInaged expenditure of a necellary war, ried in pursuance of the intentions of its without violating any right or intereft author; and partly from the great exerslratever, and without imposing further tions made by parliament, during the burdens on the country, except to a small war, to raise the war taxes to their present and limited amount: and these purposes very large amount.' It now appears that will be attained with benefit to the pub- the strong measure adopted in the last lic creditor, and in ttrict conformity both fellion, by which all the war taxes, and to the wile principles on which the particularly the property tax, were fo Sinking Fund was ekablished, and to the much augmented, was a kep taken dot feveral tits of parliament by which it has merely with a view to provide for present been tegelated.
neceflities, but in order to lay the founIt is admitted that if the war should be dation of a fystein which should be ade prolongel, certain portions of the war quate to the full exigencies of this unex tares, with the exception of the property pećted crisis, and should combine the two tar, will be more or less pledged for pe apparently irreconçileable objects, of reRuds in no case exceeding fourteen - lieving the public from all future pressure Jens How far fome parts of those taxes of taxation, and of exhibiting to the ute of a defcription to remain in force enemy resources by which we may defy
the war; and what may be the pro his implacable hostility to whatever pe
to be made hereafter for a peace riod it may be prolonged. : * telkeneal, probably much larger than 1. A nere System of Poor Laws elo
periode of pence; are confider- quently introduced by Mr. Whitbread, which at prefent need not be and a fubject of too great magnitude to
be prematurely difeuled within the spnce affume, that the which we can this month allow. Our skud renucces which can now correspondents will, however, please to the protinged expenditure of an consider this miscellany as being open to
will be invigownted and in their temperate practical observations. bara of peace, and will The following is the apportionment of
araply sufficient for the ex- 200,000 wen, out of 820,420; being the puske fervice. Those ex- whole number returned as liable to
serve in the counties of England and Return of the effective strength of the Wales, under an act to enable his Ma- Regular and Militia Forces, made out to jelly annually to train and exercise a the 1st of January. proportion of his subjects in England un Cavalry
24,652 der certain regulations, and more ef Foot Guards
8,090 ferrually to provide for the defence of Infantry
101,008 the realu...
6,757 Counties. No. liable No, to serve Veteran Battalions“
5,621 Anglefea 2419 597 Foreign and Local Corps ? Intantry 19,501
s Cavalry Bedford
9.14 Berks 19,439 3032
1 Infantry 7,858 11,996 2924
547 Cambridge 8996 2192
Infantry 7,858 Cardigan
4174 1318 At the Army Depor GeneralSe:vice, - Carmarthen 5538 1350
Deferters, and 383 Carnarvon
unattached Men Chester
21,135 5164 Cornwall 15,402 3755
Total (Regular Army) 178,506 Cumberland 9720 2370 Militia
54,686 Denbigh 4841 1180
14,954 3646 Devon 28.954 7058
7072 1724 * Durham 18,033 4396
86,144 Eflex 23,179 5651
The supplies for Great Britain and Glamorgan 10,832 2638
Ireland, voted for the ensuing year, are Gloucester 21,124 5152
For the Navy, exclusive of the
16,977,883 Hereford 6556 1598 For the ARMY
13,613,098 Hertford 10,418 2510
For the Barrack Department 975,687 Huntingdon
For the Commillary General's
801,527 Lancaster 58,051 14,151 For Ordnance
3,743,760 Leicester 19,469 3283
For Miscellaneous Service 7,866,000 Lincoln 24,174 5893 Votez ot Credit
3,000,000 Middlesex 67,135 16,366
The amount of the annual expences of Merioneth
Great Britain and Ireland is, therefore, nearly Monmouth 5551 1353
forty-four millions for 1807. Montgomery 4145 1010
18,152 Northampton 8891
The following is the Russian account
2108 Northumberland 44,718 3,18
of the battle of the 26th of December, Nottingham 15,245 3716
to which the report of a great victory Oxford
10,863 0502 mentioned in our last had reference: Pembroke.
4364 1064 “I have the happiness most respectfully to Radnor
385 acquaint your Majesty (the king of Prusha), Rutland
924 that I have succeeded in repulsing the enemy, Salop
15,587 4041 who yesterday morning attacked me on every Somerset
17,937 4973 point near Pultus. The main attack was Stafford
23,638 5762 made by General Souchet, at the head of Suffolk
5314 15,000 men, on my left wing near FarmguarSurrey
30,319 7319 ka, in the view of getting poffefion of that Suflex
16,742 4081 town; I had only 5,000 men under General Tower Hamlets
365+ Baggonaut to oppose the eneiny on that fide; Warwick
21,108 5146 they made a brave defence, till I fepta reinWestmoreland
413 1008 forcement of three battalions of referve, and Wilts
13,0062 9814 afterwards three more under Generul Tolttoy. Wight, Ile of 1532 374 by which means the right wing of the French Worcester 17,811 4349 was totally defeated
The fecond struck, York, North Riding 12,401 3023 equally brisk, was made on my night Mank,
East Riding 13,899 3388 where General Burkelay de Tolly was pofled
the road toward Stregocyn to a small wool, 820,420 200,000 where I had placed a covered lattery, which the
enemy attempted to turn. I therefore made hundred combats, would have purified it, the a movement backwards on the right, which soldiers, animated with an inconceivable ar. succeeded fo well that I not only frustrated the dour, precipitated themselves on the enemy, attempt of the enemy, but was alto lo tortu- whom they routed, and recovered their eagle. nate as to reinforce General Burkelay de Tolly, “ In the mean while the French line, comwith three battalions, ten squadrons, and one posed of the 8th of the line, of the 27th of battery, to repulfe the enemy; on which the light infantry, and of the 94th, were formed, enemy recreated from the wood.
and attacked the Russian line, which had “The attack commenced at eleven in the taken its posicion on a rifing ground. The fire morning, and lasted till dark. From the re of the musketry was very briik, and at point lation of all the prisoners, I was opposed by blank distance. Metsrs. Murat, Davonft and Lafnes, with an 6: At this moment General Dupont appeared army exceeding 50.000 men. They have lost on the road, with thic 32d and 96th regiments. about 5,000, according to their own account. He turned the right wing of the enemy. A
"All my troops fought with the greatest battalion of the 32d rushed upon the enemy bravery lhe following Generals particularly with its usual impetuosity, put them to the distinguished themselves :-Osterman, Toll fight, killing several of them. The only toy, Barkelay de Tolly, Prince Dolgorucky, prisoners they made were those who were in Baggonaut, Somnoff and Sitoff of the infantry, the houses. The Rutians were pursued for allo Colonels Daviddutíky and Gondoff, &c. two leagues, and were it not for the coming
on of night, the pursuit would have been cine "Field Marshal Kamenskoy departed from inued Counts Pahlen and Callitzin conPaltukk for OAralenfka on the morning of the manded the Russians. They left 1209.dead E6th December, previous to the attack, and on the field of batile, and lost 300 prisoners again gave up the whole command to me, fo and several howitzers. Our loss was, 200 that I have had the good fortune to conimand killed, and 500 wounded. alone in this affair, and to beat the enemy. “ Laplanche, General of Brigade, diftin
"I have to lament that the long expected guished himself. The 19th dragoons made a fuceour of General Buxhovden had not ar fine charge against the Ruffian infantry. It rived, although he was only two German miles is not only the good conduct of the soldiers, ditant, and even halted half way. I should and the talents of the Generals, which are otherwise have been able to follow up my vic- most worthy of remark, but the expedition tory. I have further to lanient that the to- with which the troops broke up from their tal want of proviluns and forage oblige me to cantonments, and performed a march which retire with my corps to Rozaw; the enemy would be reckoned extraordinary for any other has put moleAed me in my retreat.
troops, without a man being milling in the Signed). * BENXIGBEN." field of battle. It is this which eminently “Rozaw, the 7th (15th) Dec. 1806." distinguishes foldiers who have no other
impulse but that of honor. Fifty-ffib Bulletin of tbe Grand Army.
« A Tartar Messenger is just arrived froma “Warfaco, Jan. 29. Constantinople, which place he left on tlic a The details of the battle of Mohringen 1t of this month. se u follow
“On the 30th of December, war with Rollia * The Marikal Prince of Porte Corvo ar- had been folemnly proclaimed. The Peliffe five at Mohringen with the division of and the Sword had been lent to the Grand Dzoget, on the 25th of this month, at eleven Vizier. 'Twenty-eight regiments of Janissadclock in the morning, at the very moment ries set out for Constantinspie; several others When the General of Brigade, Pactod, was at passed from Alia to Europe." ucked by the enemy.
The Ruflians claim a decisive victory * The Marthal Prince of Punte Corvo orin this Battle of Muhringen. Their ofdered an immediate attack of the village of ficial account bad, however, not reached Martelldehen, by a battalion of the ninth this country when this Magaziue was put of light infantry. The village was delended
to press. by three Raffian battalions, which were fuppunted by three others. The Prince of Ponte
WEST INDIES. Carro cauld also two other battalions to On the first of January,
the Dutch much, to support that of the ninth. The Illand of Curacon furrendered to a fuga adion was very sharp. The eagle of the ninth dron of foar Britill frigntes, whiiob, in Apient of light infantry was tiken by the a very gallant and ably conducted but on the
& of the artront with attack, had 'three killed and eleven Which the brave regiment was on the point of wounded. A Dutch frigate and some
covered for ever, and from which nei. otier velfels were taken in the harbour. durys. Dorthe glory acquired in an