Sidor som bilder
PDF
ePub

been to improved on by Rabelais and his praile, and the public voice confirina Fontaine, is to be ascribed to Pulci, led the merit of the work. A volume of know not

engravings ferve to exemplify the narraHowever, Orlando's remonftrances had tive, which we cannot read without adtoased- han to a fenfe of honor and miring the intelligent otlicer in the distinframe, and be ifiues forth to the field guilhed author. His Ellay on War as a with the following exclamation : Science, comprehending all its grandeft My word is paki'd, and I will keep the ground objects, is fo critically compiled from With tanice iu teft, and this good fword the most valuable authorities, both 41and Thield;

cient and modern, that his fyftem is But how myself with my own weapons wound completc. The diffidence of the author How make my master bow, my conqueror would not permit him to make the flightyield?

eft deviations from his text, which be Orlando had now blown a blast on his cites literally, as in the original docukrory horn, (the same that was afterwards ment, noting the volume and page; and, Split in pieces at Roncesvalles); Anthea although he reasons as he proceeds,

hvis had nirrired, and the encouiter began. Its obfervatious are altogether detached silue was such as might have been expoct- from his borroweal materials. A fupple. ed. Rinaldo, in the middle of the course, ment is added to this book, “On the threw his thield behind him, and catt Reveries of Mardhal Saxe," in which away his lance. Richardetto and Oliver he trives to reconcile the leading Incceffively challenged the fair eutlaver, principles of that officer with those of were overthrown, and surrendered then our service. felves prisoners. Orlando, full of rage

Raynau's Hiftory elucidates the moft and despair, next encountered the vic interesting period of modern occurrences: torious, Amazon: Rinaldo, for the firit

I mean the European ettablifliments tune forgetting his faith and his friend, in the two Indies. A flowing style, ang was forced by his ill-fated pallion to pray ornamented periods, embellish his picfor the fuccefs, or at least the falety, of ture of situations the most appalte, and his miftrefs; and we know not what accounts the poli extravagant. Wie might have been the fuceels of his renee esa cience, formed no part of his plan: rado orifons, and not the fall of night yet his details are instructive. The exploits Separated the combatants, and saved the of the Portuguefe, onder the Great Albu. honor and life of one of them.

querque, are amoug the prominent pas. Meanwhile Gano, who had been wantages of this work, and inult be read with dering over the world in pursuit of mil pleafiwe. cid and revenge, had arrived at the

The Instructions of FREDERIC TEB soldun's camp; and persuaded hinu that Great include all the fundamental princ by reculling me army, with the prisoners ciples af war; he expoles to his generals wwin his daughter had made, he would alsiem founded on his own experiences

Orlando and Rinnldo into a fire and, by pobly pointing at his own mit they would certainly pursue bim to takes, be teaches them to avoid Gorilar up the rdcee of their friends, and, errors. Nor is this work (lo worthy its

in his city, might easily be illultrious author) his only claim on the and difpatched. The advice gratitude of every military aran: lite was adopted, and Anthea,

Cæfar in all things, he wrote the narrar and her captives, return tire of his campaigus, entitled "The bullon Po te continued.)

Hittory of my Tune. Thele cominent

taries treat generally on the publie Horny Magasine.

eveots in Europe, from his accellion to MITENGAS Orbis Jali campaign in Bohemin in 1778. and COUNTRIES,

This puiod, to memorable in the Pruf to the MCCURACE

fan guinals, occupied the labours pf Toonund many other valuable writers: among

adiers, LLOYD, by birth an Englifluang Toko

but actively employed duriug Alie Seven

can War in the annies of Aultria ang page ar vel. 22.3 Prucha. His works, fomung an mex

was the mid-de haudible source of moral, political, ang had some wrote mlipay inturination, conlit 11 of Hi hert, with fo Introduction to the History al e Seyre was loud in Years War, entitled "Memoits Military

mon:

J and Political," afterwards translated into principal actions'; all which he narrates French by an officer named Saint-lie witia à correctness and ability attribut

adly, the Iliftory, in tivo volumes; able tolely to experience and superior the first of whichi, containing the can- judgenicnt. paigns of 1756-7, was partiy translateci Us Memoir on the Invasion and Deby saint-leinou, and fuilý by Rout- fence of Great Britain is not candid, Faziliac; and the second, including the and would be devoid of intereft, it he campaigns of 1758-9, has no avowed did not relume bois military retiections in trantiator, alunough it is conjectured that applying them to a project, the event of a manufcript tramlation has been made which, however, was altogether dépenby G liniert: Solv, his Memoir on the dant on circumstances. Invalia and Derence of Great Britain, Mr. Lloyd died in the year 1783, at trautiated by Imbert.

the moment lie had it in contemplation In the preface, Mr. Lloyd touches on to compose a general history of the wars the art of war generally; but with such in Flanders, Germany, and Italy, for exquilite ikill, that we are prepared to the two foregoing centuries. The world expect the profound reatoning and ex- will, no doubt, long deplore the prematenlive knowledge which characterise his ture lots of this officer's valuable exerfubfequent discussions. The remainder tions. of his introduction is under five heads : TEMPELHOFF, a Pruflian officer of

1. On the formation of armies, an great merit, continued Lloyd's History of cient and modern: here he hazarus foine the Seven Years' War. lle terved for Opinions, more or less erudite; on the a length of tinc under Frederic, for formation of an army; but the result of whom he appears to have entertained a his argument is, that three qualities per more equal admiration than liis predefect the proportions of a military body, viz. ceflor exprefies, and gives a more cirftrength, activity, and perpetual motion, cumltantial account of the actions he

2. On the philosophy of war: he ana-. records. • His work is, in many relyzes the various faculties effential to the spects, exemplary as a military history, guidance of an army, and discovers those and full of local information.

Every operative springs whofe influence, more officer wishing to understand the princior less, give energy to enterprise, and ples of his proteslion, is advised to study inspire the troops. These ideas are per- this admirable treatise on practical tactecily original, and worthy the genius of tics, which, in truth, las no compea Plutarch or a Locke..

titor."* 3. On the counexion existing between THELETHE, a Saxon colonel, procurdifferent forins of government, and their ed a distinguished name ainong the Gervarious systems of warfare.

mans, as the author of a work entitled 4. Military tactics, exclusively consi- “ Memoirs on Military Operations, and dered. llis discussion on this tühject is on the Seven Years' War.” Such praise at once profound and luminous. The from a military people is no finall proof balis of all offensive and defensive operu- of an author's merit. The Colonel contions he affirms to be, the art of always tines himself to a diftinct narrative of keeping a good line.

the most memoruble actions during that Lafily, In analyzing the frontiers of period, to all of which he bears perFrance, Austria, Hungary, Poland, Tur- fonal testimony. Each detail is, in it. key, and Ruflia, the genius of the author self, an independent liflory. His facts burtis upon his reader with increasing are related with candour; le developes brilliancy: His topographical is as in- caufes and cifects, and draws inferences fallible as his argumentative knowledge. froin the whole pregnant with instruction

His flittory of the Seven Years' War, tozall inilitary men, particularly to those in plain and cxecution, presents an inva- of the engineer and staff departments. luable model to other writers. It con- The attack and defence of fortiticd tains general remarks on the art of war, polis and entrenched canps, with pracaccording to the existing lyttem; bé tical rules, occupy much curious and traces a brief sketch of the relative litu- jnteresting discusion. The tour leges ations, political and military, of the fusiained by the fortress of Schweidnitz, belligeront powers, and developes the during the casopaigns of 1757 to 1702, operations of each coopaign. He gives us a general viłw of the thontre of war, Mirabeau, in his Prussian Military Syle bat particulwizes the scenes of the tem.

Oceapy

occopy one volume. His researches into De Thou, in his very judicious treatise, the art of encamping are novel and pro- repeats and justities them all. The Marformd; and, although the author an Thal's subsequent work, however, named, bounces that he writes only for the in- by Henri IV., “ The Soldier's Bible," itruction of fubaltern officers, all ranks is not less eiteemed for this little weakmay profit from the perufal of it. ness. No better judge could have de

The King of Prutiia's campaigo in Bo- cided on its merits. The book ran through hemia, in 1788, has found a rigid critic leveral editions, and has been tranllated in the CONTE DE SCHMETTAU, who, with into Italian and English ; and, notwiththe rank of major-general of cavalry, standing the late iinprovements on tacwas the whole time attached to the per- tics, it will ever deserve to be the comSon of his royal master. His remarks on panion of military inen who will to imthe operations of this campaigu discover prove in the profeffion. the mind of an intelligent officer, who Du BELLAY seems to have collected relates with exactitude facts etiablished all his panegyric into one focus, to emby experience. This work is written blazon the character of Francis I. In with extreme boldness; it has been tranf- his narrative he dwells too long on those lated into French.

battles where he was either an agent or Ancient history has usually been found witness. more seducing, as well as more interesting, than modern hiftory: nevertheless, For the Monthly Magazine. the fall of the Roman Éinpire, the ori- Journal of a voyage performed in the gin of the modern kingdoms in Europe, INDIAN SEAS, to MADRAS, BENGAL, the discovery of America, and (in France, CHINA, &c., &c., in his MAJESTY'S particulurly) the exploits of Charle SHIP CAROLINE, in the YEARS 1803-4-5, magne, the crufades, and the revival interspersed with Short DESCRIPTIVE of the arts under the foftering reign of SKETCHES of the VRESENT STATE of the Francis I., are, at least, equally impor principal SETTLEMENTS of the INDIA tant events with the Grecian wars or COMPANY. Roman conquests. It is not, therefore, Communicated to the MONTHLY MAGAZINE the materials that form this diftinétion, by un OFFICER of that SKIP. at is the manufacturer of whom we must [Continued

from Vol. 22, p. 540.) puters, philosophers, nor datelinen ; row and provisions, as the winds to me one of which qualities every writer were very faint, and fometimes contrary, otisatiquity poffelfed, and many of them we proceeded flowly down the river on Hot umfrequently the whole. A inan the ebb tides; bringing up during the Cunot be effectually qualified as an hif- floods at the sillages on the banks, and Loriany unless he holds a confiderable making excursions from thence into the part in the government, and rifes with its country to see the manufactures, mair Hofperity. Such an one, fronı having a ners, and customs of these harmless peoperpetual crowd of objects within his ob ple: thus prolonging this little voyage fervations, has opportunities of forming of pleasure to the length of three or four comparisons, of conceiving vaft projects, days. of combining causes and effects, with

her We visited the botanical garden, which

botas advantages impervious to other people : 1 is delightfully situated on the western

ence the peculiar merits of many of bank of the river, a few miles from Calour Memoirs. But although amofernent cutta ; its appearance from the water

imples with infirudion in this ftyle of too, while palling it, is very picturesque, cwupalition, the reader will do well to

« Here waving groves a chequer'd scene dif eware of its impoling qualities; tbe pen

play, when the imagination is preju- And part admit, and part exclude the day;

private feelings Specioudly dif- There, interspers'd in lawns and opening guile the truth.

glades, In Murthal de Montluc's Commen- Thin trees arise, that hun each other's shades." Laries, thus fort of bis is remarkably The natives were exceedingly civil to glaring. We inutt, wovrever, declare that us wherever we went, fliewing us every the author does not indulge bis vanity thing, and fupplying us with all kinds of at the expence of veracity. In his fruits for a inere trifle. (piendid reprefentations of his own ac Having dropt down to Sangur roads,

candour of living in order to collect the homeward-bound or refore, they, Iudinden, we here spent our Chriftnias

B

[graphic]
[graphic]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

with the utmoft feftivity. This is a jubi- And, more gigantit still, th' impending trees
lee which British tars never fail to conuine- Stretch their extravagant arms ath wart the
morate, whatever part of the globe they gloom.”-Armstrong.
may happen to be in at the time.

The latter part of our journey was We failed from Saugur with the con- steep, rugged, and natrow, rud fo overvoy, which we accompanied till abreast thadowed with the thick woods, that we of the Andaman illands; when we haul- could lee nothing of the fall until we ed off to the eastward, and left them to came to the bason into which the water pursue their voyage.

tumbles: all at once then this little fairy We palled between the Andaman and gien opened to our view, and displayed Carnicobar iflands, close to the southern a Bender and beautitul cafcade of water, extremity of the latter, with feveral other clear as cryital, and illuing (as it were) islands in Myht, all having a dreary and from the middle of a little tutt of trees, inhospitable appearance; the winds near- about 200 feet above our heads. The ly duc eaft, with fine weather, but (as fiream is twice intercepted in its descent in the vicinity of molt islands) fqually at by thin ledves of rock that run acrufs intervals. The next day ran close past the fall, and, by splitting it in thinner Tolonga, which is of considerable bright, theets of water, add greatly to the bendbut in other respecis similar to the rett ty of the cascade. li at length precipiof the Necobars.

tatcs into a balon of folid rock, from one We this day had a view of Pulo-Rou- lido of which it glides off into a fcep do, Palo-Way, and the high land of and rugued channel, that forms a series Suinatra, aty ut Acheen head. We now of other little cascades all the way down experienced little else than a sucretion to the foot of the mountain. of violent fqualls of wind, with deluges The balon is bounded on each fide by of rain; in the night, thunder and light- craggy precipices, whose brows are overning in an awtul degree.

hung with lofty pines, fome of which It was not till the 21st of January have occafionally, given way, and their that we could reach Pulo Penang, or trunks are seen lying in various directions Prince of Wales's Itland, situated at the at the bottom, being fjelit and torn by entrance of the firaits of Malacca, and the fall. two or three miles distant from the Ma After cnjoying our little cold collation lay coatt. A party of us went to fee, in this romantic spot, and batbing in its the day after our arrival at the illand, cool and refreihing waters, we reluctantly a very beautiful little waterfall, about took our departure, and retraced our Ex miles from the town.

ficps back to the town ; admiring the We started froin the town at day- beautiful natural fcerery of this illand. break, and rode a few miles through pop On the morning of the 24th January per plantations, groves of the cocoa we weighed and made fail once more for nut, betel, &c. highly delighted with the Bengal. As the north-oaft munfoon wasfragrance of the air, which at this time now in its height, we were obliged to of the day is strongly impregnated with keep along the Malay coatt, which in the gratctul odours that rilo along with high, and much divertitied in its outline the exbaling Jews, from the trees, ihrubs, features from the great variety of forms and howers. At the foot of the moune which the mountains atiome. The next tain, however, we were obliged to dif- day (25th) patled Prto Baton, (2014) mount, and proceod on foot up a wind- Pulo Sayer, and on the 29th defcried the ing path, that led through a foreft of easi Ancaman. trees of the most gigantic tize, and which, Ou the same evening we got sight of by mecting over head, almoft excluded Barren, or Volcano Hand, winch at this the day; involving us in a kind of pleaf- time was burning very ticroely, the crupur ing gloom, the effect of which was tions taking place every eight or rem heightened by the diftant noise of the minutes, with a hollow runnbling noifc. waterfall.

This is a fo'all circular island, lying "I hear the din

alinoft in light of the eart Andaman, beOf waters thund'ring o'er the ruin'd cliffs.

tween that and the Maky coat: it apo What folenın twilight, what itupendous Shades, pears to be a perfect cinder, or at least Enwrap these infant Aruds l_Through ev'ry covered in every part with tava, without

the mallett veftige of vegetation; it is A Preved horrat ilirills.A plealing fear of contiderable Height, and the volcanic Glides o'er my frame.Thc forest deepens opening or crater is in the contre of the pound; island. We paded widlzia ute mere

than

nerve

thuo umile of it; and, as the winds were bour of her father's and himself, and willing, we obferved the eruptions for having in his own apprehension, no three days and nights fuccedively. better way to be avenged of her thaŋ

The inhabitants of these islands (An- this, he impioully caused his daughter, damans) are a most wretched race of on the receiving of the facrament, to mortals; they go entirely naked, live engage to imitate one bewitched, and principally upon fith, and 'tis faid are afcribe it to that woman, which he did, cambals when they can procure human and acted this part in so exact and Ash.

wonderful a mainer, that the deceived

all the country where the lived, who For the Monthly Magazine.

thought it to be a truth. After which

coufellion she was very quiet, and the NEGLECTED BIOGRAPHY, king giving her a portion, the married, EDWARD JORDEN, M.D.

and thus was cured of her inimical T THIS learned phyfician was born of a witchery."

good family at High Halden, Kent, and After practifing fome time in London, after receiving a preparatory education, Dr. Jorden removed to Bath, where he was removed to Hart-hall, Oxford, where lived many years enjoying the applause he studied fometime, but without taking of the learned, the respect of the rich, a degree. Having chosen physic for his the prayers of the poor, and the love profeflon, he went abroad and visited of all." different universities, particularly Padua, He married the daughter of a gentlethen the woft fiunous medical school in man named, Jordan, in Wiltfhire, the aes Furope. He there took his doctor's de- count of which marriage being very lịngree in thist faculty, and returning to his gular, I shall give it in my author's own native country was admitted a member words. of the royal college of physicians. He « The Doctor being on a journey bes Settled at first in London, and becamne nighted on Salisbury plain, and knowing very distinguifhed in his profesion: but not which way to ride, happened to meet having a great iuclination to mineral a fhepherd, of whom he made enquiry works fays his biographer, he was at what places were near, where he might great charges about the making of alum, have entertainment for that night: the which not fucceeding according to ex- shepherd telling him there was no place pectation, lie was thereby much injured near enough for him conveniently to u lis eftate. He was much respected by reach in any feafonable time, the Doctor King Janes, who committed the Queen asked what gentleman lived thereabouts ; to his care when the made use of the the shepherd replied, there was oue Mr. led waters. The fainc monarch also Jordan not far oft

, a man of good quality, emrloved him in mother case, which is and a great estate. Presently che Doctor curious enough to deferve notice in this looking on this as a good omeu) resolved place. A young woman in the country on his house, where he was so kindly.enwas troubled with fuch unaccountable tertained, and so well accepted, that Mr. fymptoms, as caufed a report to be spread . Jordan, understanding him to be a bachabroad that she was bewitched. James elor, bestowed his daughter on him, with had great faith in the doctrine of Demo- a confiderable fortune.' Robugy, and wrote a ponderous book in By his lady he had four children. Edits defence agaiuft Reginald Scott, and ward the elder was an enlign in the attack other fceptical writers on that fubjeét. on the ise of Rlé, where he was Plain Thus circumstance, therefore, afforded making his colours his wiading-heet. laim an opportunity of proving the truth His elder daughter was married to Mr.

of his pobtions. By his orders the pof- Thanas Benford, an aputhecary at Bath, felfed person was brought up to London, and mayor of the city: the others dieu oud placed noder the obtervation and young. care of Dr. Jorden, who, by giving her Dr. Jorden died of the stane and gout kouple thúags without any thing of a me- in 1682, aged 63, and was buried in the dirum mutare, und by other means, dif- Abbey church at Bath. His works are, cured the cheat, which he reported to 1. " A Brief Discourse, called the Sustothe king. The girl was at first very un- cution of the Mother," &e. London, 1603, willing to difelose the juggle, but after 4to. 2. "A Discourse of Natural fone threats and promiles, the confefied Batles, and Mineral Waters; wherein tirar funnetire before there happened the original of Fountains in general is diferente baiseen a feinale neigh- declared. The Nature and Difference

[graphic]
« FöregåendeFortsätt »