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An Account of the Quantities of WINE taken out for Hoine Consumption, from
the Year 1790 to 1805 inclusive; distinguishing the French from that nut French, and shewing the Quantities in each Yeur.*
This account is exclusive of Wine delivered, duty free, for the use of the navy.
NATURALIST'S MONTHLY REPORT.
Reviving l«ture seems again to breathe,
As loosened from the cold embrace of death. FROM the 19th of January to the 18th of February, the weather has for the most part con
tinued as before, unusually mild for the seaton. During this time we have had no snow, and very little frost. In funny days the bees have been seen Aying about as if employed in collecting food : in ihady places near their hives, however, several of them have been perfeally benumbed with the cold. I tried to recover two or three by takng them into the house, and placing them at a little distance from the fire, but I did not succeed.
On the 31st of January, which was an extremely warm day, two peacock butterflies (Papilio tris of Linnæus) left their hiding places and were seen flying abroad. Some of the newspapers luve remarked that these butterflies, the most beautiful of any that this country produces, have been observed in other parts of England.
In the early part of the evening of this day, I was surprised by seeing a bat fit past me in th: sir.
Several of the boule flies have in some degree recovered from their torpid fate, and crawl about the windows. Their limbs however are stiff, and all their motions are performed with difficulty.
February 11t. Cbina Roses, are fill in flower in the gardens. The firft leaves of the Common Frver few (Matricaria parobenium) begin to appear. Crocuses, Anemones, and Lauruftinus, (Vekærmus tinis) are in power.
The red-énesft, Aylark, blackbird, and (brush, were all heard to fing on the first of February. In the middle of the fine days, the woods and fields resound with the notes of fong birds, as if the spring was far advanced.
On the oth of February, Jonquils (Narcissus Jonquilla) were in flower; and the hyaciribs had begun to push up their flowering Items. The beautiful crimson styles of the male fowers of the busz:were fully expanded, and the catkins had begun to open and shed their farina,
At this season of the year the bedge snails (belix arbustorem of Linnæus) are found collected la considerable numbers about the roots of trees, in holes of such as are decayed, and the shel
tered places in hedge-bottoms, fo glued to each other, or to the place in which they are found as entirely to prevent the cold air from having admission into the Sells. In the course of a month or fix weeks, if the weather be favourable, they will begin to crawl abroad.
February the 17th. The Hedge-sparrow, and Greater Titmoufe sing. Rooks begin to pais, and make preparation for building their nefts.
Red Archangel, (lamium purpurcum), ivy-leaved Veronica, (veronica bederæfolia) and green bellebore (belietorus veridis) are in flower.
Three or four Salmon have been caught in the course of the present month, and these of confiderable fize.
In the night of the 17th of February the wind changed from S. W.; the prevailing quarter for some weeks paft, to N. E. In consequence of this, we have a hard froft, which it is hoped will continue for a while, and put a temporary check to the vegetation. On the 18th we had a heavy gale of wind which lasted nearly the whole day.
Hampfbire, Feb. 19th. P.S. In the last Report, p. 104. 1. 13, for jurbelow read furbelow, and for pbaldua read pbalana.
Observations on the State of the ll’eather, from the 24th of January, to the 241k
of February 1807, inclusive, Two Miles X.W. of St. Paul's.
19. Wind N.
On the morning of On the 14th, the
the 17th, the thermoGreatest ( 59 hun
meter food at 44° ; mercury 28 40, & variation indredths of on the next it was
and on the morning
24 hours. 2+ hours. an inch. 28.99.
of the 18th, it was only 26.
The quantity of rain fallen during the last two months is equal to 3.1 inches. Besides the rain there has been a heavy fall of snow; near the metropolis it was but trifling, but at a distance it was drifted very many feet; and several of the coaches on the northern and east. ern road were actually dug out of it.
We have also to notice a very remarkable high wind on the night between the 17th and 18th. It did almost incalculable mischief to our shipping between Dover and Margate, and Wes productive of much serious mischief in the juland parts.
The average height of the thermometer for the whole month is nearly 37° ; of the barometer, it is 29 696. It has been higher and lower this month than we have witnessed for tome time.
Some Correspondents who have sent, and others who have promised, communications relative 10 Mr. Whitbreed's Poor Bill, are intormed that we shall give preference in our next to fuch pupers ay bett illustrate the subject by reference to facts. One of ous correspondents, withes
s to invite information relative to the encreasing monopoly of Farms, and to those branches of manufacture which give employinent to children only. These he calls fources of Poor. MAKIxo, the continuance of which will render all other regulations augalury.
Persons who with for information relative to the poor, will do well to consult the Munthly Magazine of March, 1796; Mas, 1797 ; Novembor and December, 1798 ; January, February, ind May, 1799 ; April, June, September, and November, 1800 ; February and March, 1801 ; February, 1804; December, 1804 ; and November, 1805.
Correct Memoirs of Mrs. Charlotte Smith will be given in our next.
R. S. is informed that the Port-Folio has been deferred, owing to the pressure of temporary matter.
Dr. Hamilton's valuable Paper on Hydrophobia shall appear in our next. Preference was given to the communication of Mr. Bartlett, because it tended to diffipate the delusions and Faldhoods, which the public have for some time been the dupés.
Beljes the illustration of the new Syttem of Finance, which is to be found in our Repers of Public Afäiss, our rcadets may expect a valuable communication in our next,
APRIL 1, 1807.
[3 of VOL. 23.
* As long as those who write are ambicious of making Converte, and of giving to their Opinions a Maximum of
* Taffuence and Celebrity, the mot extenfively eireulat. Miscellany will repay with the greater Effs2 the *. Carioûty of those who read wither for Amusement or Iufru lion." JOHNSON
ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. For the Monthly Magazine. have been seriously felt; that this has A view of the NEW FINANCIAL ARRANGE been the cale of late years, will not be
MENTS proposed in PARLIAMENT. denied; some alteration in the present A
Davenant, whote attention had become necellitry, while prudence sugo been particularly direéted to the state of gested that a rodification of the present public credit, and the revenues and ex- system, which has enabled us to encounpenditure of the state, afferted that “ from ter fo inany difficulties, would be infinitely the time of the Norman invasion we ne: preferable to an entire dependance on ver had a tuore dismal view before us;" new and untried expedients. yet that eventful period pafled away, Happily for the country an arrangeand it foon appeared that the countryment of its financial concerns has been was capable of exertions, which, a few devised, which, by dividing part of the years before, tome of its most judicious prefent burthens of the war with the politicians deemed beyond all probabi- succeeding period of peace, when the lity. In like manuer, have the numerous pressure of them will be less felt, and by fubfeqnent predictions of bankruptcy equaliting the benefits of the Sinking and ruru been hitherto happily averted, Fund, instead of deferring the whole reby a gradual increase of wealth, proceed- lief to be accomplified by it to a distant ing from the improvement of manufac period, will enable the govermnent to tares and the great extension of com- carry on hoflilities during whatever pemeree, and by that fpirit of national at- riod the restless ambition of our enetachment which has induced individuels nies may protract them, with scarce any to submit willingly to an astonishing in- additional burthens to the people; and crease of taxation, and led them patient-"- thus to display the unabated vigour of Iy to foffer privations or fiimulated them the state, at a time when those unacto greater czertions, whenever the neces- quainted with its refources, were apprelities of the state evidently called for the bensive that the too rapid progress of the fuprifices required, whatever may have finding system would have brought us been their magnitude or duration into a lituation of serious difficolty and The experience of the patt, therefore, 'danger. juftifies a pertuagon,
that, wben the finan The taxes, which have been granted ciul concerns of the country are eutrust- . during the continuance of the war, as & el in men of ability and integrity, the prosition for part of the extraordinary syilem of public'.credit, with the fatal expenditure occasioned by it, confift* confequétices of which we have been so certain duties of cultums and excise pronften ihreatened, may be rendered per- ducing 9,500,000l. per annum, and of fedir confitent with our safety and prol- the Property Tax, which for the latt year puntyand the present flourishing state produced 11,500,000l. making in the of the public revenue alords great reason whole 21,000,0001. ; upon the present fyl do bope, that the future extraordinary tem, this great annount of taxes would sapenditure, in time of war, will be on the termination of the war, suddenly buchi leta dependant on the funding fyl cease; an event, which would certainly len thuo it hitherto has been.
be attended with confiderable loss to all The experience of more than a cen- persons who were holders of such comTur judiftes dhe tertion, that the exit modities as had been cnhanced in price tence of a perioanl debt may be perfect by these taxes. This effect will be pre
onaflent vul the interest and prof vented, while a much more important poring of the constrs; it his only been object is accomplifthed, by appropriating
wheti 10 trite ale lui been made of the yearly a portion or thele taxes, during the Honing Sytem, that its injurious effects cuatiuuance of the war, as previliau amaly Had No. 155.
for the interest and speedy redemption of the remainder to form a linking fund Such loans as will be necessary; by which for redemption of the capital. means, the burthen of new taxes will be It is affumed that the expenditure of avoided, and the present war-taxes gra- each year, during the continuance of the dually discontinued on the return of war, will amount to 32,000,0001. beyond peace. With this view it is proposed the surplus of the confolidated fund and that the present war-taxes thall be con the annual taxes; in order to support an tinued for such further term as may be expenditure of this extent, it will be nedirected by future acts of parliament, cellary to raise annually from 12 to 16 for defraying the charge of any loans millions, by way of loan; and, as the prowhich inay be charged thereon, in the duce of the war-taxes will thus be grafollowing manner: on every loan char- dually mortgaged, an additional or fupged on the war-taxes there is to be fet plementary loan is also to be raised for apart, out of the produce of these duties, making up the deficiency. The follow. 10 per cent. on the amount of the fum ing table thews the amount of the loans, borrowed, out of which the interest and which it will thus be requisite to raise in charge of management is to be paid, and each year,
Loan in each year
cable to the lip Loans required. 5th January. War-Taxes.
Total provided for in each year.
200,000 1,400,000 2,600,000 2,000,000 1,600,000 3,200,000 4,800,000 6,400,000 8,000,000 9,600,000 11,200,000 12,800,000 14,400,000 16,000,000 20,000,000 20,000,000 20,000,000 18,000,000 16,000,000 16,000,000
32,000,000 32,000,000 $2,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 92,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000 32,000,000
From this table, it appears, that, rup- gaged in 1820; in the next year, how. posing peace to take place at the end ever, the portion of thesc taxes, which of seven years froin the present time, had been appropriated to the loan of the 11,200,000). of the war taxes will then first year, will be set free by the redempreinain unappropriated, and consequent- tion of a sum equal to that loan, and will ly that nearly the whole of the property then become applicable to the charge of tax (which is estimated to produce a frelh loan of the like amount; a similar 11,500,0001.) might then be taken off release will be effccted in cach fucceeding immediately on the conclusion of the year, and, consequently a provision is peace. It is pollible, however, that the thus made from 1820, for loans without war may continue much beyond this any further imposition of taxes, to an unperiod, in which cafe, by proceeding on limited period, provided the fuins borthe proposed systems, the whole amount rowed do not exceed those in the first of the war-taxes will have been wort- column of the table,
With respe& to the supplementary found to furnish any objection to the proloans, they are not in any way to be posal of obtaining fome aid from this charged on the war-taxes, but the in- fource, in alleviation of the burthens and terelt thereof, and a finking fund of one necellities of the country, and thus parper cent on the capital created, is to ticipating in the benefits of this excellent be provided for during the first three institution, the whole relief afforded by years, from the expiration of some termi- which would otherwise be enjoyed by a nable annuities, from new taxes of a future generation. It is not proposed, small amount for the seven following however, in any case, to apply in proyears, and after that period from the viding for new loans, a larger proportion surplus of the finking fund. This surplus of the linking fund than such as will alwill arise from a new arrangement respect- ways leave an amount equal to the ining the amount of the fund.
terest payable on such part of the preIt is proposed, that, in consequence of lent debt as shall remain unredeemed; the great present increase of the finking nor is it meant to impede, in any degree, fund, from the appropriations on the the redemption of a sum equal to the war-loans, that a conditional limit ihall present delt, in as short a period as that be fet to its future accumulation. The in which it would have been redeemed if fund, when originally established in the proposed plan had not becn adopted; 1786, was to increase till it amounted to or that the final redemption of any supe 4,000,000l. per annum, and the surplus, plementary loans should be postponed which would have accrued beyond this beyond the period of 45 years prescribfum, was to be at the disposal of parlia- ed by the act of 1792, for the extinction mient; this rettriction was afterwards of all future loans; while the annual done away as the debt had increased fo war-loans will be successively redeemed rapidly, that 4,000,000l. per annum in 14 years if the war continues, or if would certainly have become very in- peace takes place will always be refufficient to accomplish any important deemed conliderably within the beforereduction; but from the very large ad- mentioned period of 45 years. ditions which will be made to the linking The following table thews the annount, fund by the new plan, it will have ac wbich will thus be taken from the finks cumulated in 1817 (when the presenting fund in each year from 1817, with hnking fund will exceed the amount of the combined annount of the finking the interest on such part of the present funds of the war debt, the supplementary debt as will be then unredeemed) to up- debt, and the present debt, at the fame wards of 24,000,000l. per annuin. In periods, and the total excelles of the the application of an annual sum of this present linking fund, which may in any magnitude, neither the original plan of given year of peace be applied to the the finking fund, nor any equitable views release of the war-taxes. of the interefts of the public, will be
Year commencing Sth January
Excesses of Sinking Excesses to be de- Combined amount of Fund, which in Peace ducted from the
the Sinking Funds. may be applied to re Sinking Fund.
lease of War-Taxes.