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Any appropriation of a part of the re- this circumstance weuld form a decilive venue of the finking fund, in a way dil objection to it; but it will
appear, that, ferent to that in which it was originally on the supposition of the continuance of intended to operate, thould certainly be war for 20 years, and that it wouid be viewed with luch a degree of jealousy neceffary to borrow 11,000,0001, annualas may prevent its milapplication; and ly on the present fyltem, tie amount of if the proposed arrangement, as it relates the money capital of in debt which to the finking fund, tended in the finallelt would be redeemned in each year would degree to retard the period when the be greater, and an amount equal to túc whole amount of the debt, for the reduc- whole of the present debt, would be retion of which the fund is appropriated, deemed thiee years fooner by the prowould have otherwise been redeemed, poseu plan, than by the prescut fyrien.
Money capital of debt Money capital of debt Larger amounts of which would have been which will be redeemed debt redeemer by the redeemed in each year, in each year by the pro- proposed plan than by by the present fystein. pored plan.
the preleut syltem,
The amount of the money capital of carried on, upon its present expenfire the present debt, valuing 3 per cents. at scale, for three years, from the present 00 (the price on which the above tables time, without any adulitional taxes, that are formed) is 352,793,7221. It appears, it may be continued for seven years therefore, that, supposing the točks to longer by impoling new taxes, to the continue at that price, an amount, cqnal aniount, on an average, of only 293,0001; to the present deist, would be redeeined, per annum; and, that after that period, by the proposed pla!), in 1824; whereas, it may still be carried on without any according to the prefent (yttem, Inch an further additional taxes; while at the amount would nut have been redeemed time the public ave reaping these advantill the year 1827.
tages from the proposed arratgements, The important advantages which the tic finking fruid will be greatly aug public will derive from the propoled niented, and coníequently the reduction plan, thus appear to be, that if it thuhi of die debt le Teatly uselerated. be necerary to continue the war, it may be
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. my sentiments respecting the interval SIR,
between the bite and the subsequent FTER I had finished the few obser- disease in the dog, till more facts, and happening to take up a newspaper of duced. I do not, therefore, hesitate to the preceding day, I cast my eyes on repeat, that from five to fix weeks is a paragraph on the fame subject, by fulficient for the confinement of a dog another anonymous writer.
fufpected to be bitten, and that the He allerts, " that a dog bitten, but animal may from thence be allowed the separated and confined, remained free enjoyment of his liberty, without danger fur fire mouths, and then took the dif- of difcale; yet I Mall not inveigh againit eale of which he died; while several any one whose timidity may impel hiin others, bitten at the same time, had at to extend to his fulpected dog the time diterent intervals, previoully become of confinement, if, in his own opinion, rabid and died."
it should render him securer and more This fact is given on the credit of an happy. I intill only on the truth of the huntfiman. May we not alk, Was he general law, and have never found it qualified to judge, whether this was in to deviate in any instance, wherein my consequence of the bite, or, whether it directions were concerned. might not be a different malady? Dogs, The laydrophobic poifon takes a greatlike other animals, are subject to various er range trou inoculation, till the lystein complaints, and some which nearly re becomes infected, than any other confemble hydrophobia. There is a dir- tagious virus, fome intiances of typhus, enie, which Dr. Jaines and others call according to the obiervation of a redieab sandness, under which the animals fpectable au hor, excepted, where many do not attempt to bite, but remain months intervened froin exposure to the fuggith and ftupid till they die. This eifluvia in one instalice, before it berusy be called fpurious, and of doubt- caine active, though the general law in ful infection; yet admitting the faci, as it, as in others, be well defined. It this writer intends, it makes only an ex- would, however, be unfair to take exception to a general law; which, instead treme cases, as well as unphilofophical of deftroying, is a stronger confirmation. and contrary to facts to conclude that Some have taken the finall-pox twice, the hydrophobic is uncertain and indeyet this will never destroy the belief finite as its time of acting; yet this that the general character of the disease opinion bhs unfortunately long prevailis, to attack once only the same indivi- ed, and has been copied by one author dual. The faine has been observed of from another without examining into the fcariet fever, though I am confident the fact. that it is specific,
and its general cha This ill-founded notion bas been racter similar, in this respect, to the fimall- fraught with much inifery to individuals. por. The general character, also, of the All the farrago of preventives have been vaccine virus, is to run through its stages eagerly fought after, and human health in about nine days, yet I have met, in destroyed, for more than half a life-tiine, my practice, with two cases, where the to obviate a disease, which it was believinoculated punctures healed in two or ed might occur at any interval, from an three days without the least appearance hour after the bite, to the most advanced ot infection, and I considered it a failure. age. At the end of fifteen days, however, in
A respectable person, in this county, que instance, and seventeen in the other, having been bitten by a suspected hound, the punctures inflamed, went through and rendered miserable" from this belief, their itages, and a complete velicle was swallowed many nofirums. He melted prudaeed at the usual period. Both down his conftitution with mercury, and these children, exposed tince to the small, neither role nor lay down free from appor, to prove the elficacy of the vaccine prehenfions for a series of years, till my preferitive, continue fecure from the animadvertions on the subject happily Mariolous infections while they prove, restored him to quiet of mind. Twenty the fame time, the dormant state of years lave Gince elapsed, and he till
tedion in these instances to have lives free from aların, enjoying his ufual berly doable that of the general health. The doctrine, I believe, is no coala which may not again hap- longer held by the faculty, though it exifts thousand cases.
in full force among the generality of Tan, Biorefore, little inclined to change the other orders in fociety.
From the collation of many cases, the In August, 1795, a little spaniel, faperiod between the bite and first symp- miliar with the children of a gentleman tom of the disease appears a little tort- of this place, bit one of them llightly, er in quadrupeds, than in the human but sufficiently to draw blood; the paspecies. A dog bitten in Ipswich, Au- rents were alarmed, as mad dogs bad gust 30, 1795, died chained, on the 24th been in the town a few weeks before, day after. In the neighbourhood where which caused many of the inhabitants, Dr. White resided, leveral animals were through apprehenlion, to kill their bitten, all of which took the disease and dogs. A surgeon was called to the died within the month. At another child, and the circumstances related. time, a cow, some swine, and other ani- The animal lay by the fire, apparently mals, the number of which my author in health, while he listened to the redoes not specify, bitten by a mad fox, lation. Through the beli motives, but were all dead in three weeks.
miltaken ineans, in order to quiet their M. Bonel afferts, that a dog, a cat, a fear, and induce a belief that it was in bull, and two cows, bitten and infected, perfect health, he took it up, as I was likewise died within three weeks. Two told, opened its mouth, introduced his dogs, mentioned by Dr. Gutherie, died hand, which he turned round in the fauces. within a month from the bite. A dog, This it fuffered without the least ligu in Ipswich, wormed when a puppy,
from of ruffled temper.
But the act was an erroneous opinion that it would prove unguarded and rath, although he escaped; a preservative, went mad fome years for it had bitten the same morning a after, and bit' two dogs which died of kitten feverely, severing the head alinos the disease in twenty days. A dog, men- from its body. The indifference which tioned by Mr. Froot, died fourteen days it thewed at the introduction of his after being bitten. Dr. Weitern men- hand, calmed the fears of the family tions two fliecp bitten, which died of the for that night; and next day but early disease in fourteen days. C. Nixon re on the morning of the third, attacked lates an instance of a dog which died with another fit, the furious aniinal laid on the tenth day. Mr. Meynell observ- hold of the lip of a puppy about five ed the first fyınptoms fourteen days after inonths old, to firmly that the fervant, the bite. Dr. Shadwell observed the who ran to its assistance, was obliged firft symptoms in a pig nine days only to draw them forcibly afunder. after it was bitten. Dr. Dickfon fa iv This threw the family into new conthe disease oceur fo early as the seventh fternation, and the child's father ima day.
mediately waited on me for iny advice. I trust, Mr. Editor, these examples Being bý, indisposition confined to my will bear me out in the opinion that room, I had not before heard of this I have advanced, respecting the interval, moft serious and alarming atrair. I and the time neceflary for a suspected urged him to chain the animal without a dog's confinement. Had I more leisure moment's delay. As the fit had fubfor research, the catalogue might be sided, the creature was easily secured, greatly increased.
when in little more than a day after, Before concluding, I would beg leave with the most obvious marks of rabies, to point out the neceffity of caution in it died in confinement, as did the puppy approaching strange dogs, or lhewing in the same manner in the space of three any familiarity with tbem, however weeks. The reader will be happy to healthy and harmless they may appear. learn that prophylactic means, one of If a dog lay on the pavement in the which was excision of the bitten part, passengers' way, it would be safer to go were successful preventives for the child. round, than force him from his place. The inadvertency of the medical at
Many of the accidents arising from tendant, in risking his fafety to allay the bite were caused by firange dogs a parent's agony, is no impeachment of too familiarly approached, when in the his geperal knowledge, and is mentioned firft stage of the complaint, and when here as an oversight merely, and an usethe animals fewed no appearance to ful caution in future exigencies of the the common observer of the malady. fame nature. The first accellion of raIt will be the highest temerity, let the bies in the dog is very gradual, tha inoccafion be what it may, to take the tervals long, and exacerbations trifling, ufual liberties with the animal
, if the but daily shortening and strengthening, least suspicion be entertained.
they become at last nuinerous. Recol
lection at length fails, when the animal been always successful, but in propor. rans off wandering without conscioutnels, tion, as the talk is arduous, the fuccommitting ravages as he proceeds, and cels will be glorious. Yours, &c. dies about the seventh or eighth day. Ipswich,
R. HAMILTON, la the last day their tight, as well as February 7, 1807. Tecollection seems to be loft. In ode instance, at leaft, I think this observation To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. verified.
SIR, In September, 1802, walking from
AM encouraged by your invitation, Weltminiter-bridge, across the fields to at page 516 of the Deceinber Mathe Borough, I met a concourse of peo- gazine (vol. xxii.) to offer a few reple in pursuit of a mad dog, which was marks, in addition to the many judionly a short way before them. My cious ones, by Agnarius, at pages 436 fervant, feeing the animal approach us, to 439 of the fame number, on the gave the alarm, and we ran to one side. subject of procuring a supply of wholeThe track the animal kept was in a
fonie water for domestic purposes; my direct line with the rails of the obelisk, present delign is, to treat of ipring waagainst which, as it ran with confider- ter only; Che many far-fetched and able force, it dalhed its head and feil; fanciful hypotheses which philofophers the pursuers coming up, iminediately dif have invented, for railing water türluppatched it. I am inclined therefore plying the earth with Iprinys, have at to conclade, that, in the latt day of the length given way to the more limple disease, blindness may be enumerated and rational theory, which accounts among the symptoms.
for every known fpring, by the descent 1'thall feel toyself obliged to any of and filtration of the water, supplied your readers, who can produce well-au- on the surface by rains, dews, &c. In thenticated facts on the subject of the fome instances the water percolates rabid dog, which has contracted the through gravel, fand, or other porous disease, either spontaneously, or in con- matters, on or near the surface, to finall fequence of a bite ; for it is vain to depths only, before its progress downcontend, that by the latter only the wards is arrested, by clay or other water, canine virus is propagated. Minute, tight matters below, and the water is but continued alterations in the various either held up, so as to fully laturate fecretions from innumerable sources, the porous matter, fometimes to the though the clief I think may be afcribable very furface, or the fame soakes away to food, weather, and lituation may be laterally on or near to the inclining adequate, without a bite, to the forma- surface of the clay, &c. beneath, until tion of the disease. "
it arrives at some lower place, where I have bestowed considerable atten- the (pring vents itself on the furface; tion on the fulject, and willi to continue of this kind are all the springs in and my researches. It is an investigation near London, which are reached by flialwell meriting our labour. We take the low wells; below the level and in the animal to our bofoms, we load him with vicinity of the Thames, the furface, graour careffes, he is a faithful friend, and vel and fand, will be found faturated and as useful fervant; he guards our houses fupplied also with water from the river, and tends our focks. In proportion, The finking of welis, in the above clas therefore, to his familiarity with us, is of fprings, is fo fimple a business, that pur danyer, when he is under this, Aquarius truly observes, « few villages bitheria, incurable disease. Few qua- are without an engineer capable of the drupeds, bitten by a rabid doy, escape talk.?! Tafection; and it is evident how detri It is to Mr. William Sinith,
a gentlemental he then may become to the man who has devoted many years
to live flock of the farmer, or stud of the the minute investigation of the strata gentleman. The effects on the human of the British Inands, that we are prinspecies i till more deplorable ; yet it cipally indebted for a general knowledge is fome confolation, that at an average, of the more powerful and universal formed on a pretty wide scale, not above springs, which are to be reached by deep one in fisteed bitten take the disease. wells: it is true, that deep wells in fome Laper memis be taken, to free districts, as on the chalk downs, near wounds from the poison, and pre- Brighton, Lewes, &c. in Sussex, belong
didea on the fyftem, all may to the cafe already mentioned; the We have not i is true, in this chalk to the depth of one, two, or even
three hundred feet, being there suffi- if the water did not escape through the ciently open, by means of its numerous gravel and fand on the top of the clas; cracks or fitues, to let the rain water au intiance of which, I have observed in foak frecly down, almoli, or quite to tome modern wells, on the south lide of the level of the sea, Mr. Smith, has the village of East Sheen. to me and numerous others, demon The out crop of the thick ftratum of ftrated in the exercise of his profeflion, fand supplying the deep wells near Lonand he will fhortly publish an important don, particularly those north of the work on the subject, that every liratum, river, may be traced through the pawhether of clay, fand, chall, itone, &c. riles of South Mims, Ridye, Buther, which we meet with in luking a well, Ritclii, and other places about fifteen or pit, however deep, furnis part of an or fixteen miles froin London, whose extended inclining plane, of nearly equal confiderable elevation above the level thickness throughout; wlich, at a great- or the metropolis lilly accounts for the er or less distance from thie weil, uurives force with which the water is there sent, at, and crops or ballets out upon the in this lower land firatuin, and in the surface, generally for a long diliance chalk on which it relis. The village together, and that all, or most of the of Riselif furnithes a curious example porous tirata, as land, or open rock, are of the general ignorance or want of perihus at their oni-crops fupplied with severance in well-huking in those parts; water, which percolates, or foaks down fuch vells as they have (it
' my intorinathem, often to complete faturation. tion on the ipot, when tracing the ouiThe deep wells in London and its vi- crop of the above land, be correct) cinity, furnith us with instances of this reaching no further than the firit sand, last kind of springs; many of these wells and producing a bad and unwholesome first pass through the gravel and other water, which might easily be walled out, alluvial matters, containing a small spring and the remarkably good water procured of the first kind, before they enter a in plenty in their town, which they now thick tiratum of clay; a few feet within fetch in drags a diliance of half a mile this clay, layers of those singular nodules, from its accidental vent in the meacalled Ludus Helmonti, are frequently dows. found, and in some infiances the same Our newly acquired knowledge of produces a small spring, much impreg- the Itratification, while it points out nated with mineral qualities; after pro- the pollibility of finding plenty of water ceeding a great way further in the clay, in any place, and furnillies data for gucta ftratum of fand is met with, and ing at its quality, and calculating nearly which fand sometimes produces water, the expence at which it inay be got ; but in no great quantities, and often by making known all the matters comunfit for culinary purposes : the two posing the fouth and castern parts of springs, last mentioned, are stopped or this illand, has rendered the expectawalled out by the well-digger, a pro- tions vain, of digging coals in all these cess which I must take fonie other op- parts, notwithittunding the confident alportunity of explaining, and either the fertions in your Magazine to the conlinking of the well, or ihe boring of trary, by certain speculators in Suties, a large augur-hole, proceeds further sec vol. xxi, p. 581, and vol. xxii. p. 04. through the clay until a thick stratum I might have mentioned above, that of loose fand is reached, often at thrce erery confiderable brewer in London hundred feet deep, so perfectly faturaied has now a deep well, and raises the sand and charged with water as to produce or chalk spring-water, above-wentioned, the effects, defcribed by Mr. Vulliamy, for use in brewing lis porter, the penear Aćton, and mentioned by Aquarius culiar properties of which bererige at p. 433.
were beretofore afcribed by many 10 The rife of viater in deep wells near the use of the Thanies water. London, is always very conderable and The vale of the Thames, is not the its quantity great, afer the thick fand only fituation where overflowing wells it ratum is renched; in lume wells in luw might be had; almoti any low situatia filuations, it actuall; flows over above might furnith them, by proper manager: tlic ground, as in Richmond Town, in ment, and fonetimes a confiant rill of Thares Street, Loudon, and other water, of no inconfiderable ute, might this places, besides Mr. Vuliamy's ; and be obtained, as I have myfur ivitwelled. ihis would be the cafe more generally, We/minler, Your's, &c. or perhaps, univerfully in loch lituations, 10 February, 1807. Juan FARET,