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For the Monthly Magazine. propriated to the horses, are usually PARTICULARS of the PRESENT STATE raitéd, for a third of the width, some

of POLAND, by un ExGLISH GENTIE- fix or cight inches; the middle depressed Max, recently returned from that space is occupied by the carriages. It BOUNTRY, after u RESIDENCE in it of is provided at the ends with large foldTWO YEARS.

ing-doors, that the carriages may drive THE reader is now prepared to under- in at one end and out at the other. AC the situation of a traveller in Poland. The the road, a door commonly openis out of ordinary travelling vehicle is a four- the stable into the house; and this is wheeled carriage, resembling our pbae- oiten the only door. On entering the tou, though hung much lower, and with house, you are affailed by the most aboa head like the common one-horte chair. ininable host of itinks which ever conAbove the apron in front are finall told- {pired to war against the nose. It is iog doors with glasses, wbich make all literally true, that frequently, after I close as occasion requires. It is drawn had proceeded a ttp or two within the by three or four horses (whole traces are threshold, I was obliged to turn back to of card), according to the with, or ra- collect fresh air and resolution before I ther the purse, of the traveller. An could advance. The interior is filthy, iuferior travelling vehicle, also upon four and wretched beyond description. The wheels, ufed mostly by the farmers, is floor is of earthi, and usually covered sinítructed of wicker, the hinder half with nastiness. Other things are of a of which is provided with a tilt of fack- piece. The inhabitants are fqualid, and ing, or canvas, which is sometimes ren in rags. Frequently, the house is half dered a more secure protection by having full of the wretched peasants and peaol-cale extended over the whole interior fant women, getting drunk upon schnaps, furface. The whole, excluding, the (a fort of whilky). In respect of naitiwheels, bears po very diftant resemblance ness, what Giraldus Cambrenfis lays of to a large cradle. Every carriage, about the cottages of the Cambro-Britons at to go any considerable distance, is pro- the close of the twelfth century, seems vided with a large portmanteau, contain- fufficiently applicable to the Polith inns ing at least a mattress, blankets, &c. It and cottages at the present day; and, i likewise furnished with all requisite if we are to credit Erasmus, some of the protitions, as ham, tongue, chicken, fpi- houses of the Englisli, as late as the tit, wine, &c.; for the Polifh traveller reign of Henry VIII, exhibited scarcely calculates upon meeting with nothing at a better appearance. But the characthe inns. If any thing be found, it is ters of the respective inhabitants are un accidental occurrence. The port- widely different: the Polish peasant bowwanteau, too, in the ordinary carriages, ed to the earth by a long and grievous serves for the feat. When a person of flavery-the Welshman, fierce in the enany confequence travels, one of these thufialin of favage freedom. curringes, or more (as occasion requires), Froin the above defcription, it will be * occupied by domeftics and the luge easily conceived tlint the best room in page. The traveller thas equipped, the the house is the stable; and indeed, durpolbillion mounts his little scat, with his ing the summer mouths, this is commonhorn Nung over his shoulder. Every now ly the sleeping room. In this case, paland then, be meets with a crucitix or a sets of straw are spread in the centre, or faint by the fide of the rond, on which deprefled part; fo that the head of the he takes off his lint, and crosses him- sleeper is turned towards the lieels of the Self; and when about to arrive at an inn horses: at a tolerabie dittance, it must where he proposes to stop, he plays a be allowed, yet I could not thoroughly fort of tune upon his horn (which refem- divest myself of the apprehenfion, that bles a French horn, though much finall- . the horses may possibly get loose from 1, to announce his approach.

their halters, and trainple, over me It will be proper to give here a brief which, with the noisy and dissonant jangdelenption of a Polith inn. The stable ling of their bells, usually rendered me dhe molt confiderable, and very often vigilant. Our one occafion, the bells

part of the house. It is always made fo much noise, and the horses were od close to, and parallel with, the fo restless, that I awoke our whole sleepadway built of wood; and is ing fraternity. It was perfertly dark; Eficen to thirty-verds loug, and but on kindling a light, my alarm wae

to to fifteca wide. The 6des, aps found to be groundlela. Hostal MAG. No. 155.



When it is found practicable to ileep to ten guineas sterling for carriage-lire in the imute, pullets of' It raw or hay are alone; my other expences amounted to tpread tide bry ridic, on the earthen floor nearly as inucb: but in tbefe I muti tave or the hitchien or common room, as it been imposed upon by the Jews. Ja may be cailed. Sometimes there are regard to the carriage there was no intiro rooms, but the second is much Imall- polition ; it was hired for me by a perer tion the tint. This file of tleeping, fou of the country, intimately acquaintparucululy when many travellers have ed with all the utages of traveiling. The arrived at the time time, retombies that chittuce is called torty miles, that is, five of foldiers in harrachs; though English times torty, in English miles; but it foldiers would be thought to have greatly mult be inore. The road winds confi. the advantage. The people of the doute, derably, particularly in the forests, and both men and women, ruix promilcu- otten projects into a large angle, for the only in the society of sleepers, occupy- greater convenience, perhaps, of crolling ing continuous beds. On there occa a river, or 10 avoidit lake or morais. fions, the inen appear to bave more de- The miles are counted by estimation bicacy than the women, for they come only. The fort of carriage in wbicb I moniy retain their breeches, taking off travelled on this occation, was of the their coat and waiticoat only: whereas, crulle-form mentioned above, which is the women undress into their thitts at the motè convenient for luggage. With right, and get out of bed in the morn- thele, too, you retain the same hortes iny, clofc by your fide, with the most throughout, commonly two a-breast and perfećt unconcern;-a curious instance one before; yet you travel itt the rate of of the elica of liabit. In summer, howe forty, and sometimes tiity, Englatlı miles ever, the undreiling of these women con- per day. A common plan is to purchale titis merely in their flipping down a à Imail travelling carriaye, which may lingle petiicoat, which is the whole of be done for twenty or thirty ducats, and their dress. The best tleeping accom- which may be fold again at the journey's modations, which these inns occasionally end with a trifling lots. In these carriafford, are in the interior room, on a ages you travel poft ; and, in coolesmall couch, between two feather-beds; quence, more expeditiously. The total without theets, lowerer, or blankets. amount of the expence does not much Sleeping one night thus circumstanced, I exceed the other incthod. was awakened in the morning by an un Scarcely any person travels in this usual humuung noise, for which I was country without a fervant. The traveller unable to account. I was so buried alto must, otherwise, do every thing for himbetween the bells, that I was obliged to felf; even make his owu bed : which, raise myself before I could look about by the bye, is often nothing more than the rooin. It was a Jew on his knees his own carriage stationed in the stable. muttering his oritons, at which he cou When a nobleinan or any other perfon tinued for at leait halt an hour. The of contequence is on a journey, he coninns in the interior of Poland are all kept trives, it be can, to halt at a friend's by Jews, who may buafi (itthey like) loute, according to the cuttom of ancient the unenvied diftinction of pre-eminent hospitality; but if this be impracticable, filthinets. Sir Thomas Brown, in his he lends forward two or three fervants Vulgar Errors, (liscuiles the curious quef- tu fumc inn, which has at least a fecond tion, “ whethier Jews naturally fuink," room, which they prepare for his recepwhich he deterinines in the negative: tion. The writer once travelled some but I ain disposed to be of the opinion, seventy or eighty miles with a nobleman that if he had ever been a traveller in only, when we took up our abode for a Poland, this conclusion would have va- niglit at one of these better fort ot inns. dergone contiderable modification; nor The room was the cleaneft I bad seen; fiould I have been much surprised it it for it had been lately white-wathed, and liad tood thus--that the Jews are ablon was highly commended by my noble Jutely and inherently a stinking race. fellow-traveller, as being far above the They potłcts, too, all the low cunning common. There were fimply two couches, and alertness at cheating which charac- or rather trames of couches, in two of terize their brethren in other countries. the corners, on which we flept for the

Travelling is expeutive in Poland, esou might. There were first freired with to the statives,' notwithiranding the day, on which the naturettes and berdiwretchenets of the country. I paid, linen ve bad brought with us were disfroin Warsaw to Dautzic, un equivaleut poled. In respect of fovi, we fared ss

well on this occafion as if we had been num, fimply for the privilege of diftilling in his excellency's own house: for every it on the larvett ot' bis estates. This tlong neceffary to a commodivus journey ettate, however, is a fort of principakad been provided, even to the materials lity, comprehending at leali 4000 square for making foup for the first course. This miles. prorihoo coufiited of eatables, wines, Ilaving now described with fome mi&c.; table-cloths, napkins, knives, forks, nuteness the state of things in Poland, I spoons, &c. &c. There are travelling thall proceed in my next communication boxes, containing a nunber of articles, to give fome account of perjons, and of as knives, forks, Spoons, &c. to be had the state of society. in all the confiderable towns. Indeed, every traveller provides himself at least with a knife and fork in a fugle hatt),

For the Monthly Magazine. as well as eatables, as these things are REMARKS on the MORGANTE MAGGIORE never to be got on the road.

of LUIGI PULCI. The best, and almofi the only useuble TVE two champions of France, followthings to be procured at these imis are

, chicken, eges, and milk. Occationally, got entangled in a wild and pathlefs detoa," the butter is tolerable, though it fert; and there tprung up a new adrenfometimes abounds in large particles of ture, in the midit of which they lost. rock-falt, evidently in the trate in which light of each other, and could neither it came from the mine. I firft noticed of them ever recover their abandoned this at mai im not a great number of roail. miles distant from Warsaw. In places Orlando fell in with a company of givers remote from any large town, you ants, froin whose pover he rescued the searcely ever meet with any falt at all. fair princess of Bella Marma (the romanChicken may be eaten without it, but I tic name for the Moorish kingdom of had forae ditficulty in eating eggs. The Benamarin), whom he took under his coarse rye bread which is found at these protection, and fucceeded in conducting places is always four, and so ditagree home to her afflicted parepts. Rinaldo, able, as to require a keen appetite in an in ieeking for him, got more and niore English traveller, aided by a few philofo- entangled in the depths of the defert; and phie reflections on the difference of tattes at laft, worn out with fatigue, fell afleep and the power of national prejudices, in a thepherd's hovel, while the malter before he can suffer it to proceed farther of the wretched place took the opporthan the inouth. It ought to be acknow- tunity and ran off with his horfe Bayardo, ledged, however, that better coffee which he afterwards fold to the Soldaa's (where it is to be liad at all) is often grand justiciary. got even at these paltry houses, than is The grief and despair of Rinaldo on to be procured perhaps at any coffee-waking may be eally conceived ; and hoofe in London, but the excellence of his lamentations, which be pours forth continental coffee is proverbial. The fucceflively on the recollection of Anfile of cookery is abominable. The then, Orlando, and his faithful courser, chickens are ferved up sprawling with are really affecting. But he pursues bis their heads on, in a coarse earthen plat- journey on foot; and the fame good for ter, and half-fiunthered in butter, which tune which throws in his way another has been oiled in the melting. I have horse, of which he robs a discourteons mentioned these good things all together, Pagan, brings, him before the gate of but they are rarely met with at the faine'. Babylon, and makes his arrival known place; ofreu not a lingle article of them: (by means of a chance paffenger) to

a. I think, I may far that schnaps Anthen. That princess, whole heart felülket in which anifeeds probably had secretly been as much wounded as have been iufuled, is to be had at every her lover's, obtained froin her father an pahlic-house, however mean. It is the invitation for the Christian warrior to eveenge in univerfa requeft by the mi- rest himself in the royal palace; and

pealants, and by ordinary tra- proceeded with her coinmillion to the

ball give the ezader a more gate of the city, where the found him idea of the enormous quantity leaning, disconfolate, ngninst the truuk

confomed of this pernicious li- of an ancient mulberry. The meeting by ablering, that the Count Zn- between them wns as rapturous and tenmu obemn of a company of Jews der as the occasion required ; and refound of 9000l. Iterling per an- called to the mind of the romantic priu




cefs the tale of Pyramu and Thilbe, At length” she cried, “ 'tis giv'n me to who, in times of yore, held their amor

survey ous interviews in like manner beneath a All that the famous Chriftian pow'rs obey ; mulberry-tree without the walls of this Their mighty castles, and their lofty tow'rs, very city of Babylov.

Their wouds, their mountains, and their But treatön was all this while at work

lovely plains, in the palace, and the courteous recep- Where Malagigi with Rinaldo's pow'rs tion of our knight was only meant to O'er Montauban's renowned ramparts reigns; facilitate luis detruction. In the woods Fair Paris, with her spreading groves and and deferts that lay on the frontiers of flow'rs, the kingdom, lived a powerful lavage, (The flower of happy Charles's wide dowho had proved the death of every war

mains,) rior that had hitherto attempted to sub- All the proud warriors of his knightly

training die him, and whole depredations over

The brave Aftolpho, and the famous Dane. the furrounding country had rendered Then shall I prove the Paladins in arms, hin the terror of the foutelt hearts in

And my Rinaldo shall return once more, Babylon. On this hopeless enterprise Recullid by Charles, amidst these dire alarms, was Rinaldo dispatched, at the initiga To guard the freedom of his native shore. tion of Gano; and both lie and the Sol- With him and Clermont's count, in feats of dan secretly rejoiced that they dould never see him more. Anthea thought I'll raise my fame beyond the deeds of otherwise; but her warlike and adven

yore." tulous foul was fired with the proposal Such mighty thoughts Anthea's mind porwhich was now made ber by the traitor

sessid, and her father, which was no lets than For honour's charms had fired her virgin breast.

C. 17, f. 25. to pass over to France with the Soldau's arinies, and by the ealy conqueit of We will not detain the reader with Montauban to pave the way to the pof- any particulars of the adventures of this feliion of the imperial throne. She re- illufirious princels; but, after alluring joiced in the profpect of fighting, fingle- him that the succeeded in her attack on Handed, Chmiles and each of his re- Montauban, and remained quietly misnowned Paladins; and flattered hertelt tress of the castle and of Rinaldo's browith the glorious inagination of beliowe thers, return to Rinaldo himself, whole ing on her beloved hero his owy pof- fuccels with the Old Man of the Mounfellions, together with the fovereignty of tains, * or (as Pulci calls him) Christendom.

Quel veglio antico maladetto

Che ita nella Montagna d'Aspracurte, Now when Antben the proud Soldan knew

Resolved upon this bold emprise tu fend her, was direely contrary to Gapo's predic. She answered with the mild submillion due tion and the Soldan's hope. The OW

To her, his age's stay and state's defender. Man was not only conquered, but colle Now in her ancient armour cased anew, verted by him, and afterwards became She breathes of war; while ready to at- his faithful friend and follower. Return. tend her

ing together towards Babylon, they met Standards, pavilions, engines, crowd around, the julticiary, who, mounted on Bavardı, And all the hills with martial labours found.

was at that moment going to prelide af Not Vulcan with more speed his labours plied the execution of Oliver and Richariletto, In Mongibell's internal vaults below,

which had long ago been decreed by tlie Than the supporters of our Suldan's pride. Soldan and Gano. The justiciary's grave Sume point the lance, fome bend the Sy- afpect and long beard were of no avail

rian bow ; Some fit the rattling quiver to their side;

to him. He was foon dispatched, and Others the dart or stronger javelin throw,

bis javelin-inen put to the rout; while Or prove the fabre's edge, or arm the horse

Rinaido, mounted on his recovered dud, With harness suited to the martial course. prefice forward to the rescue of bis

friends. Now fully armed was all the warlike thrung:

Those friends, however, were already The prince bis Farring benediction gave; His valiant daughter led the troops along,

not without another and unexpected de And proud in air th' embattled banners wave;

# The name of this adventure was certainAnd as Anthea saw her force lo frong, ly then from the celebrated Alfajn, who Her martial knights so aumerous, bold, ranged the mountains of Syria in the time of and brave,

the crusades.


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liverer. Orlando (whose adventures it character, he has well succeeded in his would be tedious to trace through the picture. city of King Falcon, and anong

the They had not travelled together long, eighe giants of the Isola della Rena*") before an adventure occurred, in which bad reliured his fair charge in lafety to Margutte displayed his adınirable talents her father, the King of Benamarin. for filching and cozening. The story is Ithile will at his court, an invitation ar told in a very comical style, and is the rived from the Soldan to that prince, who beli fpecimen the book ailords of Pulci's was bis ally, to be present at the execu- peculiar bumour. Margutte's piltering tiva of his Christian pritoners. Orlando, abilities were ably feconded through the tucked at the news, discovered his con whole aitair by Morgante's bullying powe nection, and the grateful king proposed ers; and they pursued their journey very to alli him in the rescue. Both the much pleated with each other, and in knight and the king of Benamarin were, the merrieti mood imaginable. The protherefore, already at Babylon, when Ri- vilions with which they bad loaded thembaldo and his coinpanion arrived there. felves foon, however, failed in the valt As the execution is proceeding, the tu- and inhospitalle delert which they had mult begins, and foon a general battle to traverie ; and they both had become ensues. The prisoners are relcatcu; very dry and hungry, when they disconurubers killed on both lives, among rered, to their iniettable content, a spring whom is the generous king of Benama- of treil water, and an unicorn drinking rin; the Suldan's forces driven back at it. Morvante foon dispatched the within the walls of Babylon; and a re animal with lois club, and Margutte made gular liege forined by the united Pala a fire with two liones and dry hay, at dins, the Old Man of the Mountains, and which they roasted him. Morgante, howthe ariny of Benamarin, which itill re ever, in the disition of the feati rather Bsalls under Orlando's llandard.

ungeneroully thewed the superiority of Meanwhile, the story carries us back might to right; and his companion grew to Suryante, who had been lett with a little fully at the prospect of the life Meridiana in France, and (when Oliver's he was likely to lead. lony abfence had made her doubt whic

Pursuing their travels through the fother ne Mould crer fee hiin again) ef- reit, their ears were one morning allailed crted her back to the country of her by the cries of diftress; and they foon fatter Caradoro. Here the faithful giant after arrived at the mouth of a cavern, did not long remain, being refolved to where a beautiful woman, bare-headed wander over the world in search of the and bare-foot, was tied up and guarded abfent Paladins. Early on his long jour- by a lion. Morgante being attacked by ney be met with a most fingular being, the furious animal, foon dispatched him who became bis companion on the rest with his club; and both he and his come of lus pilgrimage, and whole name was panion immediately offered their ferAlarguite. The character which this vices to the unhappy lady, who began new Pamurge gives of himself is, that he to relate to them the littory of her sufbeluves in black no more than in bluc, ferings : in nothing but capons and good roast meat and boiled, and in butter and beer, My fire a noble castle once poffefs'd, and wine when he can get it; and he

(Belflur its name), by Nile's majestic

Itream : believe that he would be saved who This of his various lands he loved the best, bederves as he does. His mother was a

And here I woke to liie's distracted dream. Grech nun, and his father a pricit of 'Twas when in earliest flowers the meads are Burta; and he wanders over the world dret, with 77 mortal fins on his shoulders, all And spring exalts the amorous poet's theme, which be particularizes an humorous I wander'd, tempted by the gentle air,

In thort, if the poet detinued Alone, to form a garland for my hair. bin for a model of the cuvning Greck

The sun already warmed the shores of Spain,

And evening veild our groves in pleasing This fingular island is described to be a


Unthinking, young, and gay, I sought to Dove la Rena (l'Arcna) aggira

gain Al vento, e come il mar tempesta mena. The idle with my childish fancy made : The idea was probably taken by the romance A nightingale with foit enchanting train Writers from defcriptions of the Oales, or So fouthed mine ear, that I enraptur'd alds, in che fandy deüris of Libyan.


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