Sidor som bilder

ward bound convoy as far as the Anda. have seen the sand and dust blown about mans, when we hauled up for Madras. here with such violence, that the bearers The wiods, however, at this feason were were obliged to let me down, and get li bailing, that it was the 12th of April under the leg of the palankeen to prebefore we reached the port : thus, a pai- vent their being fuifocated ! face that with a fair wind we might have These winds are apt to occasion con made in five days, took us thirty-five tractions in the limbs, that are very difin performu, to very precarious are voy- ticult to get clear of: but otherwise this ages in India.

is a healthy featun, for not a particle During the greater part of May, June, of moitiure is now ahoat in the atinoand July, there are no regular sea and sphere. Lind breezes at this part; the S. W.mon The Europeans have a very irgenious, loun then blowing with such force, that and indeed philofophical, method of the causes which produce those alternate guarding againit there winds. It is this: breezes are not fufticient to influence its along the wellern fronts of their houles general courte; and hence we have the they have thin tiraw inats (called tattys) hot land wind blowing all the twenty- placid, to as to cover the doors, winfour hours, but generally fironger at that dows, or other apertures; servants being period when the breeze is accultomed to ftationed to keep these constantly wet Llow from the thore. The long tracts of with fresh water, the hot wind, in palling dat jandy country, on many parts of the through, produces such an evaporation, ma (Madras and Mafulipatam, for in- that a great degree of cold or abstraction kance), being heated by the fierceness of of heat takes place, and thus renders the sun's rays at this featon, communi- the air intide the mat quite cool. The cale, of course, this heat to the breeze family, therefore, litting behind these palling over them, producing those hot mats enjoy a delightful cool brett, Land-winds, wbich continue to blow till which at a few yards diltance is like the the strength of the montoon is so far fiery breath illuing out of an oven! but exhausted that the natural causes of lea completely metamophorsed by this liin and land breezes will again be able to ple and beautiful chymical process. On operate and interrupt them.

the same principle of producing cold by Thele winds often blow with confider- evaporation, gentlemen on board Dips, able violence at Madras; generally be- when they want a bottle of wine cooled tween cleveu and one o'clock in the day, quickly, put a couple of glaties of arwhen they raile such clouds of dust that rach, or any other fpirit, into a plate, the boutes of the town and fort are com- and setting the bottle in the middle of pletely oblcured ; and so high is it care it, keep bathing the sides of it with the ned into the air, that the decks of the spirit by means of a fpoon, when in a Nups in the roads are frequently covered few minutes the wine will become quite with fand, rendering this the molt dif- cold; the process is accelerated if it is urecable roadíted in the world at this performed in a current of air, under the period.

wind-fail for instance. The natives suffer very much during During this featon, the thermometer the hot wind, as it is very common to in the thade at Madras, ranges froin 81 lee the palaukeen-boys drop in the streets, to 95. thuck dead by its baneful effects! I

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After a tedious and haralling passage and a great extent of level ocean. The through the illands, rocks, and thoals, foor is flagged entirely with tomb-stones, that are scattered in the wildest order that exhibit a melaucholy catalogue of through the straits, we came to an an- the names of those Europeans whom chor on the 13th in Malacca roads. the spirit of adventure, or insatiable ava

This old and once important city is rice, have led to this distant spot even at present a very pretty place. The roof is in some places tumbled in, About two centuries ago it was the prin- and the walls, belfry, &c. nouldering cipal mart for commerce in this part of fast to decay : the whole having a dreary tlie world, but has been decliming ever forlorn appearance inside. lince under the Portuguese and Dutch: We were here fupplied with grent nor can it be expected to revive now un- abundance of the most excellent vegetader the English, as Prince of Wales's bles and fruits we had yet leen in India; Illand will answer all the purpoles which and we were not a li'tle gratified and it could serve; namely, a port for the surprised to find potatoes equal to any China fleet to touch and refielli at. we had tatted in Europe. There are a

It is situated on the S. W. fide of the great number of Chinese fettlers here, Malay peninsula, and in the third pa as well as in all the eastern islands; and rallel of north latitude; yet, close as it these form the most induit, ious class of is to the equator, it is the fiveti climate inhabitants, having their thops well storin the East Indies, being constantly re ed with merchandize, with which they freshed with sea and land breezes, which supply you on realonahle terms. (with its being a narrow peninsula, and There is a very good tavern near the alvoft encompafled by the sea,) render landing-place, kept by a Dutchman, it remarkably fertile and healthy. where one may dine very well for a dol

The appearances of the town, the re- lar, and have a bed included. mains of a fort, and a church on a little The rivers about Malacca abound green mount to the right of the town, with alligators, and the woods and junare very beautiful from the roads : every gles with tigers and other wild beasts. part of the surrounding country, as tar The Malays, as well as the Chinese, have as the eye can reach, is covered with a liking nationality, or rather timilarity, groves of trees and the livelies verdure in their features: one face being a proimaginable; even the small itlands and totype, as it were, of those of the whole rocks situated along the coast, are co nation. vered to the water's edge with flowering It is well known how dangerous those Shrubs.

people are with their poniards, called A small rivulet opens into the sea be- creļės, elpecially when they take opium, tween the town and fort, which it sepa- and run the muck, stabbing every one rates, and forins a landing-place tor they incet. It is said these weapons are boats. The houses in Malacca are to- poisoned with the celebrated juice of lerably well built, in the Dutch file, the upus tree, but I believe very few of with broad and tiraight streets: that part, them have this property. I was once however, inhabited by the natives and bargaining with a Malay for one of those Oriental settlers is, like most Indian creiles, which he said was deadly poitowns, composed of inere dieds or wood soned, and in de ng it out of the scabeu cots, thatched over with bamboos bard cut myself between the fore-finger and inats.

and thumb, at which I was not a tittle On the fouthern fide of the little river, alarmed : an old man, who was standing are the remaining walls of a fort, which by opening a leaf of betel, took out a does not appear to have ever becu a picce of chunam and applied it to the place of any great strength, and is now part. Whether this had any effect or in a molt ruinous condition. A few guns not I cannot tell, but I felt no more of are ranged along the brow of a beautiful the cut. little mount above the fort, which serve There is ftill a little trade carried on as a faluting battery, and might repel at this place, the principal articles of perhaps a finall force.

which are as follow: On the sumınit of this mount stands an

Imports. old Portuguese chapel, built in the fixe Raw and manufactured Alks frota teenth century, but is now in a flate of China. dilapidation.

Opium from Bengal. It commands a picturesque view of the Sugar, cotton, &c. from Batavin and town), the adjucent country, the roads, Bombay.



compositions, the verse accompanying Tin, in confiderable quantities. them displays a sweet fimplicity, an afGold, and gold duft.

fecting tenderness, a forcible pathos, a Ivory.

beauty of sentiment, and power of truth, Canes, ratans, and different kinds of which cause a natural curiosity to know wood in large quantities. To be conti- the authors of it; and my principal obnued.

ject in this communication is to ttate,

how much I should be obliged to any one To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. of your musical readers to inform me who

were Handel's coadjutors in the poetical SIR,

part of his works? I believe Handel was WAT

, , revere the name of Handel, and and jealous of any interference in the contemplate his genius with delight and selection of the scriptural passages he has aftoniltment, is honourable to our age fet to his facred Oratorios : not even a and nation; and though falhion, frivo- mitred head would he suffer to choose lity, and folly, Lave made fearful inroads for him; and we may rejoice in the cirupon the national character and man- cuinstance, as his judgment in the choice ners, we shall not be utterly lost to dig- of them appears to have been under an nity and greatness whilft the compofitions impulse short only of divine inspiration. of that extraordinary man are beard But dues Handel claim the beautiful with admiration, and numbers can ieel flowers and gems of poetry which are the power of the sublime and beautiful scattered through his works, than which in his works with rapturous enthufi- it is hardly poflible to produce any thing afm.

fuperior in poetical excellence, in sweetMy own reverence, Mr. Editor, of ness, grace, and power of sentiinent? the man's genius verges upon idolatry; As a foreigner, it is difficult to conceive and in becoming more acquainted with he could aitain tu fo masterly a ikill in the treasures he has left us, my wonder the use of our language, and if he had is heightened, and my pleafure increased, helpers, who were they that seem to But, in analysing my feelings after at have borrowed the very foul of his hartending to any piece of Handel, I find mony, and to have written from the inthey are the effect of that power which pulse of the fame genius which prompted relts in fuch a combination of poetry, his own immortal (trains * sentiment, and music, which the Orato To whom mult we ascribe that heaurios of Handel exhibit.

tiful fong in the oratorio of Solomon, The music of that great master has had which enforces a spirit of piety with many eulogists, who have justly appre more power than the eloquence of a cinted the exquisite skill displayed in its whole fynod of divines could do compolition ; the power, the pathos, the * Whác though I trace each herb and flower paflion, I may say the magic and witch That drinks the morning dew: ery, o his song. The merits of the Did I not own Ichovah's pow's, poetry which is attached to the music, How vain were all I knew i ind the beautiful selection of sacred fen

In other fonigs we find in a single line timents which (I had almost said) gives a the effence of a thousand volumes which buly and divine authority to the musician, holy men have written to recommend may have been eyually felt, but have not virtue by its beauty and excellence; as in the same degree been noticed by any in the following from Joshua: one. Indeed, it is the bappy accordance of fenfe and sound, the perfect echo

« Virtue my foul shall Aill embrace;

Guodness thail make me great of the one to the other, which forms tlie powerful charm of Handels fong: it And this, from Time and Truth, zives fullness of satisfaction to the "Pleasure, my former ways resigning, mind, than which nothing can be con- To Virtue's cause inclining, ceived more complete your readers Thee, Pleasure, now I leave; will smile at my enthufiafm);

we may en ride it to resemble the speaking founds

It is obvious where Handel has barrowfro The harps of angels hymning the ed from the Muse of Milton and Deyden pile of Jehovah; it awakens emotions and perhaps some of your correspondents may

fantments in the foul, which evince be able to inform me in what instances he

wa luontality and alliance with has been indebted to the peo of Pope, Addithe beanly chois. In Htodel's vocal fan, Thomson, Arbuthnot, &c.

- The

Shall we

Leit, when my spirits fail me,

the stores of Handel? What could be Repentance can't avail me,

more ornamental to public devotion, or Nor lickness comfort bring."

more successful to intereti thote clasies of It would be a lively satisfaction to fociety who are disgufied with the free know what mind conceived sentiments quently uncooth mode of celebrating the of such aitecting fimplicity and forcible prajícs of the Deity! When the otñtruth, and clothed them in poetical lan- ciating minifier proclaims, "I know that guage of an order of excellence fo fu- my Redeemer liveth," or trunil perior, fo chatte, so luect, so beautiful. Ball found, and the dead thall be raitThe above specimens of poetical merit ed," what beart is moved by the cold, are not more liriking thon á innltitude of the lifeless, impatient manner which geothers in landel's works: they firii oc nerally accompanies the annunciation of curred to my recollection.

the glorious tidings ! But who can be wonder at the fascination caufed by such indifferent when Ilandel takes up the aliociated poefy and muac? Is it fur- theme, and by the power of his fons prising that it holds the mind in enchant- realizes to the mind these folemn and ment, affects the soul as though it were affecting ipuilis ? the work of facred inspiration, and sug Inclined as I feel, Mr. Lditor, to erfelis to the imagination the opening ercise very considerable faith in the dedoors of heaven, and a host of the votional influencies of music, I much re« bright seraphim” raising their celetal gret the discontinuance of the Abbey harmony? Indeed, the inind that has performances, in which the memory of the full enjoyment of Handci's music Ilandel received fuch difunguithed hofeds as though it were listening to foine- nour, and his genius triumphed so nobly. thing of divine authority; it bears with It is, perhaps, a national loss; as we it all the weight and power of folemn need every means in the present day of trutlı, speaks to the undertianeling as inducing a manly and serious character well as the heart, and when employed in the people of this country, the preupon facred fubjects ieems to give addi- vailing fpirit running in fo oppoule a tional evidence to religious obligation, course, and fallsionable folly and levity and greater power to the fanć!ion of vir- lording it fo absolutely: When we fee tue. It is to be regretted, that the pro- fo rarely the sianp of intellectual and ductions of this great man's genius, moral greatness in that class of fociety, which seem to be allied to the nubleit which is first in rank and eininence of pursuits and most important interests of situation, so little pobility of mind and lite, are not so extentively beneficial as grandeur of character to support the they might be, either as a source of cle- hopes of a country looking to the indivaled and retined pleasure, or religious viduals of that order as its legislators, and moral intrumentality. The annual fiatesmen, and governors; it is to be laperformances in the metropolis evince mented that any occasion should be loft that there is full foncthing left in nation- of giving to fuch a great feeling, an al character superior to the levity of elevated emotion, or serious impresion. modern tatie; and the occasional festivals It muft ftill live in the memory of many, of mulic in different parts of the king- how deep a sensation was produced by Jom are equally honourable to Handel's the magnificent performances I allude prefiding genius, and to those who listen to; and it should not be forgotten, that with delight to his holy strains. But if the affection raised by them were not might not musical men spread the know- devotion or virtue itself, it might be the Jedge of Handel more generally, and en- dawn of such a spirit in the mind. If larye his sphere of usefulness by intro- - there be a character light enough to treat ducing more students into the Handelian religion with levity in every other form, school, and seizing inore occations of Handel's religion never fails to infpire adapting the firains of this matier, to the reverence for the subject; there is in it afierting circuinilances of human lile a folemnity lo impressive, an clevation which daily occur; whereby the two and greatness fo abrious and affecting, valuable objects, rational entertainment that the lightes mind is ftruck with awe, and moral goodnese might, perhaps, be the boldeli impiety is abashed, and the equally promoted? Would not the house molt profane bow in fpirit to its author of wornip be more attractive, and the rity, its grandeur, its fublimity, nud ordinancies of religion fii!! moic beauti- benuty, as displayed by this wonderful ful, by a judicious combinatiou of such maler of harmony. powers of inutic as inuy be drawn fruin Is it not an honcfi indignation winch


any one feels who is jukly impressed very justly expoftulates, “if there are with the character of Handel's mulic, laws for such cates, it is a pity they are when be compares it with modern music, not better enforced." Whether ihere and the prevailing tafte of the day, which are statute laws in such cases I am not exhibits such a series of frivolous inlige certain ; but my profeffion as a landnificant performuances? The ethics and steward' having áforted me many years theulogy of music (if we may to speak) an opportunity of knowing the general have no place in the modern pursuit of custom of several manors in the north of this fource oi improvement and plea- England, with respect to the practice fure ; a noble science is made a piece your benevolent correspondent alludes of legerdemain, a tlight-of-hand per- to, I beg leave to folicit you will afford formance, a mere mechanical trick, me room to make my report, as folequally astonishing indeed to the eyes lows : and ears, but truly contemptible for any The common pound in each manor is relation it bears to the affections of the confidered as belonging to the lord theremind.

of, is upheld hy him, and at his CourtIf we cannot expect that many will Baron he and his freeholders nominate ftudy music as a profound and highly cu- the keeper or pounder, appoint his fees, rious science, farely more dignity might &c. &c. When cattle of any

kind are be attached to the pursuit than the pre- impounded, the owner may take them fent taste and practice admit of'; and away upon paying these appointed fees, though it might be reasoning too curi- provided the party on whose lands they oudly on the subject, to regard music as were taken makes no demand for da an object for the mott serious confidera- mages, or that such damages are immetion of the moralift, or as worthy to be diately paid by the owner; or he pronamed in connection with public charac- ceeds by replevin, and puts the injured ter and manners, the very general atten- party to recover faid damages by an tion paid to it as a pleasing accomplish- action at law. But in no cafe are the ment has given it importance; and it cattle to remain in the pound more than mult be allowed to be a reasonable quef- forty-eight hours: after this, the duty of tou, * whether music, as an object of the pounder is to take them to the manor education, might not be made more fub- house, or to that of fome person apfervient than it is to the interests of vir- pointed for the purpose by the lord theretoe and piety?" By initiating their of, where the cattle are to be taken due pupils in Handel, and cultivating an ear- care of. Public notice is then to be h talte for such elevated entertainment given at the parish-church within faid as he affords, rather than for the frip- manor, and alio at two or three of the pery and nonsense of modern execution, nearest market-towns at the respective would not musical profeffers accomplith market-days, by the cominon crier, that a more valuable object than they usually certain cattle are taken up at such a aim at? Would not their pupils be in place, which if not owned by proper debted to them for a nobler acquilition" marks, and the charges of keeping, &c. than a mere facility of motion in their duly paid, will become the property of fingers, as acquired by practising the the lord of the manor as waifes and pretty fonatinas, divertimentos, gigs, va- eitrays, and as his right by virtue of anTiations, &c. which young ladies

play off cient cultom. ja triumphantly, and their mammas ad-I have confessed above that I am no mire as the very acre of musical attain- profellional lawyer, and therefore canment. And if it be true that the most not decide whether the customs described affećting compositions of Handel are ge- are grounded upon the law of the land? nerally remarkable for limplicity, and Polibly, however, what I have written easily performed, there is additional pro- may induce some of your readers to priety in making young ftudents acquaint- clear up this doubt, or at lealt dispose ed with him.

your humane correspondent, to whom BW. MARSHALL. this is more immediately addressed, to Rachdale, Jan. 16, 1807.

inquire how the law really ftands, and,

if possible, to redress the evil in his own To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. place of abode.

I was highly delighted with the maf VOUR humane correspondent, page terly letter of Mr. C. Lofft, to which

544 Ifter reciting two very de- " your Conftant Reader" alludes. c The initate cruelty to anunals, animated letter, too, of another corro


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