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Court in London, between two streets dyuers of the parysshe, Restys of money calicd Tiddberti itreet and Savin-ftreet,* of the beame lyght, and of the almes

Turner's History of the Anglo Saxons, gaderynge to the fomme of xii or xvilb. vol. iv. p. 237.

and that one Paluer can lewe the

trouthe. ST. NAGNUS, LONDON BRIDGE. “ Item. That the chyrcheyarde is veIn a curious old Miscellany, which goes honestly kepte. by the name of Arnold's Chronicle, “ Item. That dyners of the preystys printed by Pynson in 1016, we have the and clarkys in tyme of dyuyne feruyce be following articles as found by the Inquisi, at tauerns and ale howsys,at fysthynge and tors at one of the Visitations of St. Mag- other tryfyls, wherby dyuyne feruyce is let. aus, early in the fixteenth century. “ Item. That by fauour of the wardeyns

“ Fyrit. That the Chyrche and the there bythe admýttyd bothe pryeliys be Chauncell is not repayred in glafinge in nefyced and relygyous, wbere there divers placys.

myght be more convenyent and expe“ liem.' That the bookys and vest- dyent, and that have more nede to be mentys ben broken and vnhonest for receyued in ther placys, and these ben, dyvyne feruyce.

the names. Syr Robert Smyth, bend "Itein. That many of the preyłtys and fyced; and a Monke, Syr Johan Boiell, elerkys often were foulc and uncleuly benefyced; Syr John Bate haih a thynge furplesys.

that we can nat vnderstonde. 4 Item. We fynde nat that ony clere " The names of the inquysytours of the Inventory, is made of the goodys and fayd artycles at the faine vilytacyons : laudys of the chyrche.

Johan Halmon Thomas Broke "Itein. That the londys and tene- Symon Motte Wyllyam Hertwell mentys of the chyrche by favoure of the Johan Robchaunt Thomas Dauy churchewardyens, afore tyme ben laten Johan Yonge Wyllyam Crene under the very value by xx!b yerly and William Dycons Robert Vincent more.

Richarde Baronys Symon Neuyngton # Item. We fynde that for defaute of Johan Eton Johan Tarke. good prouyfyon, bothe of the chyrchwardeyns, and also of the masters of the falne, neyther the preystys nor clarkys, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine that ben retayned for the chyrche wyli

SIR, wat come to our lady malla nor salue, ner the clarkss and preyllys that bei A Sport Magazine is calculated to ufretayned by tlie mayiters of the falue formation, as well as amusonent, the and the wardeyns of the chyrche wolde following pallage from a very fcarce work for the mayatenynge of Goddys servyoe may probably be well received. I exat the tyine of raceyenge of such pryeftys tract it from the beginning of the twenand clarkys good cuftume of vertu and' tieth book of Baptista Porta's Natural grete encrease of dyuyne servyce. Magic, not from the original, for that

u Item. That the chyrehe wardeyns I nerer could find in Italy, the country wyll nat thewe vs the wylles of thein of which he was a native, but from an that have gyven goodys or loudys vuto English translation published in 1658, iu the paryshe wherby we fholde forther folio. inquyre whether the wylles be performed Some further account of him and his or uat, for without them we can not have compositions I may perhaps take another tharof vnderstanding.

occasion to send you; fuffice it at present Iten. "That the wardeyns of the to remark, that this collection of his exchyrche and of the brodyrhed haue not periinents was first published when he given theyr acomptys.

was only fifteen years of age, but the Itein. That afortymes for defaute work from which the translation was of good and dylvgente autoryte of the made was one revised by him when he neomptys of the wardeyns, ther hath ben was fifty. stany and grete foinmes of money taken We all know, and it will be found from the chyrche, the whiche niyght well detailed in Dr. Watson's Chemical Elcome to lyght yf the olde acomptys were fays, that Mr. Irwing received a very well crimyned

contiderable bounty from the British parItem. There is in the handys of liament, for inventing a method of ex

tracting fresh water from salt water at Mon Apgl. vol.i. p. 138. sea, by simply adding a ftill head to the

234 Hints relative to a new edition of Morell's Thesaurus. (April 1, Hip's boiler ; that a French philofopher We have heard lately of thread made diiputed the invention with hiin, having from aloes also as a new invention ; but published an account of this invention 'I can assure you the process is described before; and that Dr. Watson adds, that by this author, and referred by him to in Queen Elizabeth's reign an English America. admiral, whom he names, had done the The work was originally written in like.

Latin, but afterwards trapilated into Now hear what the Neapolitan phy. Italian, French, Englith, Spanith, aud fician and experimental philosopher faid Arabic. The fables be copied he did on the subject before the year 1050. not always believe, but, like other wri“ Chap. i.

ters of his tiines, he gave credit to a " How sea water may be made pot- suflicient number to leflen the reputation able.

of his writings, at a period when a beta “ It is no finall comodity to mankind, ter philosophy took place. if fea-water may be made potable. In

I anı, your's, &c. long voyages, as to the Indies, it is of

G. CUMBERLAND. great concernment; for while feamen, by realon of tempelts, are forced to stay To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. longer at sea than they would, for want of water they fall into great danger of SIR, their lives. Galleys are forced alınott every ten days to put in for fresh water,

HAVE long had it in intention to I trouble you wi

some inquiry conand therefore they cannot long wander cerning that valuable and much-wanted in enemies' countries, &c. &c." Here book, Morell's Thesaurus, the republihe goes into an enquiry as to the cause çation of which was promised in your of the faltness of the sea, which I have Magazine a confiderable tiine ago.

Your not time to copy, and then proceeds to last number renoves the necellity of the describe his invention.

principal part of any intended inquiry, “We first fill a hollow resfel like a by, repeating that promite, with the adgreat ball with sea-water; it muft have a dițional gratifying intelligence that the long neck, and a cap upon it, that live fuperintendance of it is to be entrufied coals being put under, the water may to Dr. Maltby. A man fu eminently resolve into thin vapours, and fill all va- qualified for the work, will, I hope, not cuities, being carried alott. This ill- ovly edite, but correct and eularye it. scented groflirers, when it comes to touch I beg leave now to offer a suggestiou, the coldness of the head or cap, and which has frequently occurred to me, meets with the glass, gathers like dew that the whole of this valuable and exabout the skirts of it, and fo running pensive book might, at a much less exdown the arches of the cap, it turns to pence than by a separate publication, water; and a pipe being opened that be incorporated into fome Greek Lexipertains to it, it runs forth largely, and con, llederic's for iultance. Nothing the receiver fiands to receive it as it more is requilite than an accurate marka drops. So will fweet water come from ing of the quantity of the syllables of fölt, and the falt tarryeth at the bottom each word, and a prosodical example ; of the veslel, and three pounds of saltor, perhaps, as in the work at prefeni, water will give two pounds of freili wa- only the latter. If it Nould be objected, ter; but if the cap of the linbce be of that the bulk of the book would be too lead, it will afford more water, but not much increased, it may be autwered that so good."

foune parts of Ilederic night be onitted, Afterwards he gives five other experi- or at least abridged. But I do not think ments, and concludes by thewing how that, if the whole were retained, the fresh water may even be gatliered from fize would be so great as that of 'Aintthe air, by filling a vessel with fuow and worth's Dictionary. At a time when the powdered faltpetre, so as to condense expence of paper and of publishing is to the air on its dirface: a method also by great, if the proprietors of the two which he says be froze bis winc, plunge works would agrce, they (I an perfuading the bottle that contained it into a ed) would find their account in this bowl of fnow and saltpetre finely pow- method, and the classical student cerdered. The same practice, by means of taivly much convenience. which some moderú experimental philo

Now I have the pen in my hand, I fopliers have, in cold climates, even beg leave to trespass on you for a few

other oblervations concerning books of

education,

froze mercury.

education. In your account of deceased public with a learned work, under the persons, a long time ago, the Appendix title of “ Apxai, or the Evenings of to the Eton Latin Grammar was attric Southill," in which he has displayed conbated, I think, to the late master of the fiderable acuteness in tracing the origins school of Alby de la Zouch, but, in a of certain English prepolitions ; and in fubsequent number, restored to its real fome instances he has investigated the editor, Dr. Mavor.' Without at all de- etymologies of corresponding prepositions tracting from the merits of Dr. Mavor, in the l'rench language, in order to prove I think, it thould have been added that the correctness of his dedućtions. La confiderable part of that appendix was the first book (the only one yet publish:taken from the Latin Grammar, publish- ed) he has shown lingular industry in ed by the Rev. E. Owen, rector of War- tracing the true etymology and tignificarington, entitled Lilly's Accidence im- tion of the word by; and on this subject proved; the best practical grammar, per- he differs from the celebrated author of raps, at this day extant, if we could Diversions of Purley. but overcome our attachment to that ab Having been favoured by the author furd method of teaching the Latin lan- with a few observations (intended to exguage by rules written in Latin, which plain a certain part of his work) which still prevails in our largest and most cele- point out the grand principle that was brated places of classical education, and his chief guide in his researches into the on which I may pollibly, at some future origins of the English prepositions; and tine, trouble you with some strictures. as it is improbable, on account of the Some time ago, I saw a querulous adver- author's age, as well as of his engagetisement from the editors of the Eton ments, that he will have it in his pow books, concerning pirated editions. I to publilla a second book of the Evenheliere, inoft of those who are engaged ings of Southill, it may not be unaccepin the laborious office of instruction will table to fome of the readers of the agree with me, that that office has often Monthly Magazine, to be informed of been rendered more laborious and un- the peculiar mode of reasoning which pleasant by the shamefully incorrect mån- the author has adopted in his laborious ner in which the school books, bearing inquiries: but it will be nécellary to prethe name of the Eton publither, and mise, that which therefore I suppose to be the Eton Horne Tooke says, By is the imperaplitions, are sent into places of educative byth of the Anglo-Saxon verb beon, con. No pirated editions can poslibly to be, and that it was written in Anbe worfe, and fome of them are often glo-Saxon, bi, be, or big. Diversions of much more correct. Were not this the Purley, p. 402, quarto ed. N. Salmon, cafe, I nm of opinion that every respect on the contrary, has endeavoured to able tutor would inake it a matter of prove that, in inany circuittances, by conscience to give his support to those derives its name froin words that do not who are connected witli to celebrated a merely denote existence, but which actuplace of education, in preference to those ally fignify operuling, creating, making, who are not connected with any. I forming, influencing, or the like; and think it not improper to conclude these that it appears as a forerunner to whodefultory obfervations with reinarking, ever or whatever is causing, has been that the most correct edition of the Eton cauling, or will be causing, any thing to Latin Granmar with which I am ac- happen; for example: Darius was vanquainted is that published at this place; quilhed by Alexander: i. e. Darius was a book which, a few years ago, was as vanquished: (the) OPERATOR (of this inaccurate even as that which came from state of Darius was) ALEXANDER. In the Eton press, but may now be addue- page 72 (Evenings of Southill), this preed in proof of my allertions concerning polition is faid to mean way, congidered the Eton editions, when compared with as equal to performer of the act, ajo fume others.

<ciate, afxciating, (which words are synoI am, Sir, your's, &c. nymous with operator); and when it is

AULUS MAURITIUS. used before any of the reflective pros 2.7 1801:

nouns, myself, thyself, &c. it excludes

or every other individual not included in Litor of the Monthly Magazine. the reflective representatives introduced

into the sentence. The author, antici. ANHE author of the Stemmata La- pating objections to this meaning of-by, fasoured the as explained in the page referred to, Imus

entered

Genborough,

entered more fully into the subject in the “ Now, if the person alluded to as following paper :

the speaker chootes to anticipate my .Prepositions are merely used to avoid three questions, which questions he has questions likely to be put for the sake of reason to expect I shall put to hiin, in obtuining circumftantial statements. cafe he should leave his statement incom

“ Soine may alk, how came it to pass plete, he may subjoin at once to the iuthat By myjelf, sc. should be used fo as tended fact the three answers I am likely to denote exclujion, in regard to all other to require, and say I fhall go to the individuals not mentioned ? and is it not country, on next Tuesday, with my bropoflibie that it may be used fo as not to ther; or by myjelf (equal to alone). denote exclusion, but ftand for near my- Atier having heard this intended excurself? To answer these queitions, I fion so far circumfianced, I inay take it might content myself with one observa- into my head to alk the quefiion, how? tion,

(equal to manner, or name the munner); Every speaker Nould furive to com- and he may reply, on foot, or on horiemunicate his thoughts in a manner at back, &c.; but, about this very circumnonce clear and expeditious; nor is it tance, in regard to the manner, he might necessary when he does this, for us to have faved me the trouble of questioning enquire whether he is actuated or not him: for he might have said at once, I merely by the detire of laving, to the thall go on foot, to the country, on next person whom he addresles, the trouble Tuesday, with my brother; or by myof alking a series of questions concerning jelf.the fact which he states. The truth is, From the illustration which has just that lic fubjoins to the fact he mentions been given, it may be seen that prepothe answer he would make if the quel- 'potitions (as they are called) are generally tions were put, and generally prefixes to used by way of anticipation, in regard each anfier fome word equal to place, to fome queition or other, the asking of time, manner or way, or companion, &c. which it is ivtended to avoid, froni ag according as he has to produce a noun insiard conviction that, putting the te figuifying place, time; manner, &c. But veral questions to which an event might the observation I have jutt made requires give rise, and waiting for the answers, illustrations, in order to remove objec- not only would be so much watted, but tions which may be started to my manner would conliderably interrupt the free and of refolving the by, the passage ad- fall communication of our thoughts; duced as examples for division second of and in so much that the several circumEvenings of Southill.

stances could not, without considerable “On hearing a person fay' I thall go,' trouble to the memory, be collected by if lie be filent after this, I may ask liim, the hearer, and arranged into a perfect, Pluce ? (for, nume the place); and his clear, and compact inage. From that antwer may be, the country (for, to the illustration also it is evident that, in all country, the pluce [is] the country). those combinations of words wherein by, After this

, or any other answer that or any equivalent, is introduced for would inform me where he is to go, I operator, performer, &c. the reader or may alk, time? and his answer may be, bearer is to conceive that an abbrevia nert Turydiy (tur, on next Tuesday, the ation in contiruction is presented; name time (is) next Tuesday). Having ob- ly, the fact is liated, and immediately an tained this answer, I may ask him, com- answer to an expected question is subpanion ? (for, name your companim); joined to that Matement, in order to and his anfver inay be, my brother (for, avoid being interrupted by the quellion, with my brother, the compunion [is] my or to save the trouble of the question bebrother). Thus thall I have obtained ing put. thrce circumstantial anficrs. Observe, *If the principle I have just presented that while each anfiver is precise as to mould not be attended to, I can have Spot, time, and concomitance, each also no other resource than to complain of is exclulive as to any other name not the present age, by repeating a pallage introduced in regard to fpol, time, and of Michaelis, which, translated literally, concomitunce. Hence, if this third an- would run thus: Language perpetrates quer bad been myje!f emphatically, in- errors as well as truths; Wien a false, tead of my brother, the exprettion my opinion has crept in, whether in the de. Jelf would, by position and emphujis

, rivation of a word, or in a whole fenhave been of itself as exclufive as the tence, it takes root, and tranfinits itself expreffion my brother."

to the remotest poiterity, it becomes a

pyalur

popular prejudice, sometimes a learned ties; in the latter case, Younger Town prejudice, worse than the popular preju- would be the seat of justice instead of dice; and unluckily there are prejudices Warren. In a country governed like the even worse than learned prejudices. What United States, where the accommodation Michaëlis meant by the latter fort of and happiness of the governed constitute prejudices he has not mentioned, but it the sole object of those who administer is evident that animofity, jealousy, party, the government, it cannot be denied Spirit, and other mean paffions, inutt be that the nearer justice is carried to the the principal features of his non-de- inhabitants the more that object is obfcript."

taived. For a juryman or witness to be Epping,

Isaac PaYxi. compelled to travel from thirty to fixty Feb. 1807.

miles is a grievance; and justice, there

fore, ought always to be carried to the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. pelled to attend at distant feats of justice:

people, rather than the people be comSIR,

yet, to divide Trumbull into lix counties HAVE to propose a plan, by insert- appears too much to fubdivide it, and

ing which I fatter myself you will to compell on' a new county too heavy serve the public. We have nuinberless an expence for the erection of court. ingenious men, whose ideas and inven- houses, jails, and other neceflary appentions would do honour to themselves and dages on the feat of justice. To divile country were they introduced and known. it into four counties would probably anIn order ulut they may be fo, I propofe swer every good purpofe to the inhabito them to send me their models, plans, tants, and continue Warren the princior descriptions, and I will with pleasure pal town of a county; this would be also (if they are not too large for reinoval) ltrictly right, as many of its inhabitants exhibit them in the courses of lectures, have settled therein under that expectawhich I am constantly reading in the tion. When I was in Warren, it contown and country, and by explaining tained fixty-four families. The river las them, and giving them every pollible abundance of fith, and its banks are publicity, the friends of science would well stocked with cray-filh. Most of the have the means of seeing them, and buildings were log-houses, though several knowing where the machine, invention, handsome fraine-houses, built with the &c. is to be had.

white poplar, or, as it is here called, the I devote much of my Course of Ex- fattin wood (I prefume, from its great perimental Philofophy to the mechanical glosliness and smoothnels), were erected and chemical departinents, and have no or erecting. Town-lots in Warren; of other object in view than serving the 16 by 24 rods, fold for 175 dollars; and ingenious and neglected, by introducing the land about half a mile from the and recommending, where I conscienti- town, at lix dollars the acre. In western ouily can, fuch works as seem likely to America, the feat of justice is always the prove ferviceable to fociety..

seat of buliness, and the residence of I ain, Sir, &c. D. F WALKER, store-keepers, medical men, lawyers, &c. 5, Glocefler-Street, Portman-square, &c. When I was at Warren, there were Feb. 23, 1807.

three very good stores in the town: one,

which contained at least 3000 dollars For the Monthly Magazine.

worth of goods, was unfinished, and had

neither a door to it, nor glass to the winOBSERVATIONS made during a TOUR dows, yet no person thought of sleeping through the ONITED STATES of Ame-- in it. The fact appears to be, that man AICA. XO, XY.

is not necessarily a depredator upon man:NHE Mohaning branch of the Beevor it is govemunent alone, when it robs him

is navigable for small craft as high of the profits of his industry, coinpells up as Warren, the county town, at which him to be the plunderer of his neighbour, the courts of justice for Trumbull county nor can barbarous punishment prevent ve held. Warren is laid out on a large it. The framers of such laws, aware of dale, but the growth of the town has their injustice, vest commonly with the beya refin ined in consequence of a di- executive the power of pardoning: hence nina of mtimept as to the future fub- the criminal never loses the hope of diribon of the county. "It was a quef- escaping punishment, and too frequently to, hothe the county of Truinbull the depredator, unpunished, is again let hould be divided into four or Gs coun- loofe upon society. Hence sanguinary HOKIMLY MAG. No. 155.

pupilament

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