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are two uncouth terms applied by certain Again, a monosyllablic name is perfe&tly other writers and fpeakers." In fume parts of easy to be obtained from the same root ; and Europe we have heen distinguished as Anglo. to him who thinks the lat word too long or Americans; and this appellation is in sume lofty, it will be wholly at his option to call respects worse, and in no refpe&t better, than himseli FREDE; and in this respect he will either of the others.

put himself on a par with a Mede and a What are we to do? Are we never to have Swede. a geographical ditinction? Is the land to be Moreover, mould an adjective be desired for ever called United States, and its people to qualify expressions and facilitate discourse, United States men? And even then, on a there is such a thing immediately ready for fupposition that the union should cease, must use in FREDISH ; and thereby we can speak the region it occupies be nameless?

of a Fredith ship, or a Fredith man, or a It is in the power of the people to find Fredith manufacture or production, after the and adupt fitting names for their country and fame manner, and according to the fame themselves, by common consent. These rule, by which we employ the adjectives ought to be expreflive, concise, nervous, and British, Spanish, Danish, Turkish, and the poetical. And any new word poffefling these like. qualities, may serve to designate this part of Thus, our nation is in poffeffion of a the planet we inhabit: from such a word, as prosaic word for its whole territory, Frea radical term, all others proper for diftin- don ; a poetical word for the same, Fredonia ; Faishing the people, &c. may be derived. a grave and sonorous veneric title for its

To fupply this sad deficiency in our geo- people, property, and relations, Fredonian; graphical and national nomenclature, the fol a short and colloquial appellation, Frede; lowing project is respectfully submitted to and a convenient universal epichet, Fredish. the confideration of our map-makers, en A language to rich and copious is scarcely to gravers, printers, legiflators, and men of let- be found, and it is hoped our citizens will ters. The authors of it are citizens of the make the most of it. United States, and are zealous for their pro In case any of our countrymen should with sperity, honour, and reputation. They wish to express himself according to this novel them to posters a name among the nations dialect, the following is offered as an examof the earth. They lament that hitherto, ple, alluding to a recent subject of public and at present, the country is deftitute of discussion.

" It has been a favourite object with a Let the extent of land ceded to our nation certain class of men to involve Fredon in a by the treaty of 1783, be distinguished hence- war with Spain, France, or both of them, forward on charts, globes, and in elementary about the right of deposit on the Midillippi. books, liy the name of FREDON: the ety. The outrageous conduct of the intendant at mology of this is obvious and agreeable; it New Orleans was indeed very provoking i ing mean 1 free gift, or any thing done but the Fredonian spirit, though roused by freely, or the land of free privileges and do- juit indignation, was too temperate and magsing. This is the proper term to be employ- naninious to rush immediately to arms. It - in all grave, solemn, and profe compo. was thought mot wife and politic for the al

fitions, and in ordinary conversation. It ministration to attempt a negociation in the is better adapted than Albion is to England. first instance; and accordingly, one of the

II, however, any of the favourites of the Fredith thips was ordered to be got in readiMufes defire a poetical name for this tract nefs to carry an envoy extraordinary from of earth, it is easy to supply them with one America to Europe. Should-war become newhich founds and pronounces to great advan- cellary for the national honour and security,

Such in one is FREDONIA, which our public enemies will find to their forrow will meet the ear more excellently than that the Fredes will make brave soldiers and Italia, Gallia, Parthia, Hispania, Germania, gallant failors. Never will they quit the or even Britannia itlelf — America and Co. hardy conreft until their deeds thall be worthy lumbia will retain their present fignification of being recorded in immortal verse, equally of extending to the whole western hemi. honourable to the Lards and the heroes of fphere.

Fredonia. The citizens and inhabitants of the United. The radical word is also well adapted to Sates, when spoken of generally, without songs and rhymes. And this is a great conreference to any particularitate, may be venience and felicity in a national point of known and diftinguitbed as Faz DORIAND; view. Obferve, how prettily our poets can and that such a person being asked in Europe, - make it jingle: for instane-, if the subjeđ is or any other part of the world, tom what warlike, then country he comes or to what nation he be

" Their chiefs to glory lead on Jones, may correly ond precisely anfwer

The noble fons of Fredon." the leis Fredetin. And this will meer the car much more nubly than a Frenchman, Or, if it is moral fublimity, Synaissa, Portuguese, 1 Turk, and the « Nor Plato, in his Pbedon,

Excels the face of Fredon."

Should

tage.

Should it be commercial activity,

And, indeed, if it is his desire to ejaculate “ All nations have agreed on

in a serious strain, it may be written The enterprize of Fredon."

"In this fair land of Fredon Perhaps it may refer to our exports; why May right and justice be done." tben “ The Portuguese may feed on

We give these as samples of what may be The wheat and maize of Fredon." accomplished in this way; adding, that the It may be desirable to celebrate our agricul- poet may easily contrait his country with ture, as in the following distich,

Sweden, or compare it to Eden, if he is puz

zled for a rhyme. "No land so good as Fredon

On the whole, we recommend these words To scatter grain and seed on.”

to the serious confideration and speedy adopOn the supposition that a swain wishes to tion of our fellow-citizens : that our common empliment his country-women, he may in- and beloved portion of the earth may thereby form them that

acquire a name, and be famous among the " The graceful nymphs of Fredon

nations. Surpass all belles we read on."

MEMOIRS OF EMINENT PERSONS.

MRS. CHARLTOTE SMITII. liar vein of humour, which rendered bim A Towers, "wasas

Sketch of the Life of this juily ce- the delight of fociety. was intended to have been interted in this distinguilhed by the graces of her mind, work for the month of November, but the as by a person of exquilite beauty; but friend who undertook to supply it was this lady died in childbed before her eldest prevented by accidental circumfiances daughter had attained her fourth year, from fulfilling his intention, and it has and the care of her perfon devolved on consequently been poti poned.

an aunt, the filterof her deceased mother. Three accounts of the Life and Wri- Mr. Turner early discovered such indicatings of Mrs. Smith have appeared; one, tions of genius in the intant mind of his fome years previous to her diffolution, in child, that he determined no expence the Third Volume of Public Characters, should be spared in the cultivation of and two fince; the first, very imperfectly those talents which the seemed to have executed in the European Magazine för inlicrited from both her parents; and the Month of November, and the fecond, therefore bestowed on her what was in the first number of a new work enti- thought the best education. She was tled Censura Literaria, by Samuel Eger- placed in one of the moft diftinguilhed seton Bridges, Esq., whole elegant pen has minaries in the neighbourbood of Lone paid a just tribute to the genius, literary don; and, on quitting fcliool, which the talents, and private virtues of the de- did at an early age, the was attended by ceased; and the intention of ber family various matters: and, if expence conftitu. has already been announced of publishing ted a good education, the may be said to her Meinoirs on a more enlarged plan, have received the best that could have with a selection of her correfpondence; been given ; but Mrs. Smith frequently it would therefore he anticipating the regretted, that in the conduct of it to pleasure the public are ţikely to receive little judgment was thewn, and that the from so delirable and interesting a piece time lost in the attainment of fuperficial of Biography, were we bere to enter into accomplishments was not employed in a minute detail of circumtiances; and it more useful fiudies, in the acquirement is hoped this reason, combining with other of languages, and still more, that fo little confiderations, will apologize for the bre- attention was paid to enforce those invity of the present article.

portant priuciples which fortify the mind, Mrs. Smith was the eldest daughter of and enables it to tiruggle against the ineNicholas Turner, Esq., a gentleman of vitable evils of life. Her father wns hime fortune, whoinherited confiderable etates, felf a poet, and encouraged this talent in in the counties of Surry and Sulle. lle bis daughter, who, as the tells us in one of was a man of very fuperior talents, her last works, composed verses at a very remarkable for the brilliancy of his wit, early age; but her aunt had imbibed an Liis powers of conversation, and a peca- opinion, that learning disqualified women

[graphic]

for their own peculiar duties, and was in and foretold all the mifery that would general unfavourable to their establish- infallibly result from an union, in which ment in life, and observed with great dif- neither the habits, nor the teinper of the approbation this turn of mind, and the parties had been considered; when neipallion of her niece for reading, and pro- ther were arrived at a time of life, to afhibited her from fo employing her time, certain or appreciate the character of without however taking any effectual cach other ; but molt unfortunately he fieasure to prevent her gratifying this had not sufficient weight to induce those, talte; so that the had always the power wbo law this connection in a different of carrying on her contraband ftudies, view, to break off the negociation. Mr. and every book that came in her way, Turner was on the point of marrying a lle devoured with avidity, and with little fecond wife, who, although the exacted discrimination. By this means the ac- much_conlideration in consequence of quired a mass of delultory knowledge, lier large fortune, had little claim to it which, by exciting her curiosity, led her froin her perfonal qualities, and whose on at a subsequent period in pursuit of authority a grown-up daughter, who had more perfect information. Her father, never been accustomed to controul, would having fold his Surry eltates, divided his most probably have relifted : he consetime between his house in Susex and one quently felt no reluctance in closing with he took in London; and his daughter was proposals, which relieved him froin the early introduced into fociety, partook of apprehenfions he entertained, and this all the amusement and dillipation her fa- marriage took place on the 22d. of Fcther and aunt engaged in, and entered bruary, 1765! The residence of the into them with that eagerness natural to young people was in a very disgusting a young person; and as her very fine part of the city, from whence they remoforın had attained the stature of a woman, ved in the courle of two years; the death the wore the dress of one, and it has been of their firft child, and the effect this first said that her father received proposals for affliction had on a young mother, fo enher, at the early age of thirteen, from a dangered her health, and that of her fegentleman who had seen her at a public cond child, whom the nursed, and who allembly, and was ftruck with the charms was born on the same day its brother exof ber figure—an offer which was declined pired, that it was found absolutely necefon account of her extreme youth. It had fary to remove them to purer air and a heen happy, had a reafon lo fubftantial less melancholy abode. The village of operated a few years longer; but before Southgate was chosen for this purpose, Nie was fixteen, the was married to the where Mrs. Smith's excellent constitution younger son of Richard Smith, esq., who enabled her to recover from her indispowas a West India inerchant of much emi- fition; and her understanding in time nence, and this fon was associated in the fubdued the forrow which she had first kither's business. After having been ac- "given way to, with an excess naturd to a customed to the most boundless indul- inind of such acute sensibility; in this sence from her own family, (and to her quiet spot, fhe had now more command anot every with and caprice of hers was of her tiine, and the use of a good library,

law, the was suddenly involved in and the power, from being inuch alone, boullwld cares, transplanted into a foil of following those pursuits to which die totally angenial to her habits, and repage was attached, enabled her to forin her muat to her taste, and became subject to taste and devote her thoughts to intellecthe will of a man who, far from poilelling tual improveinent: but this produced one the power of regulating the conduct of a unfortunate result, it opened her eyes to wife scarcely emerged from childhood, those defects lle had hitherto been un kner ut how to govern Lunself. From willing to fee; yet, although flie could no tlus 1 fatal marringe, which lad been longer be blind to them herself, the epbrought about by the officioufnels of denvoured to conceal them from the obfrems, and which was by no means the servation of others, and, in her own end of aliuclament on either side, as both behaviour towards her hufband, tried to appeared to lure been talked into it by give him that consequence, which the do batendling of those thort-lighted po- was conscious he was little entitled to. lit dan di the future misfortunes of the His inattention to business was extreme

of these pages originated : an un- ly displexling to his father, and the inVia San was the only person crease of the family making a larger house pily who seemed to have had neceftiry, their nest residence was within

on this occations he saw, five niles of London, and it was hoped ar NAC NO. 155.

the

the many hours which had been loft, in Smith did not in the hour of distrets defert going to and from Southgute would now her bulband, but Aared in the milery he be retrieved by a cloter application had brouglic on bimtell, and exerted to his duties: but these hopes were the powers of her mind with such indefafallacious; the time which should have tigable zeal, that, afier the space of a fer been occupied in the counting-house months, thic fuccecded in difeutangling or on the exchange, in keeping up or ex binu froin his immediate embarrallinents, tending commercial connections, was and the property was veiled in the hands frittered away in trilling but espentive of trufiees, iwo of them gentlemen conpursuits; and Mrs. Smith, ever fanguine, nected with Mr. Smith's fanily, high in fondly imagined it more advantageous to situation and atiluent in circumstances

. her family to retire into the country, and It was foon after there events, that give up the buliness to the prudent ma Mrs. Smith thought of collecting fuch nagement of her father-in-law, who,equals poems as the had originally written for ly tired with luis fun's inability and im- her amusement; they were first offered provident conduct, acceded to this pro to Dodtley and refused; they were afterpofal, and consented to purchafe an eiiate wards thewn to Dilly in the Poultry, who in Hampire, called Lys Farm, on which allo declined having any thing to do with was a very handsome new-built inantion, them. It has been teen with whai defutiiciently commodious for a more ex- gree of judgment chele decitions were tentive cltablishment than that of Mr. inade: through the interest of Mr. Hay. Smith. But he had no fuoner removed ley, they were at length printed by Dndthither, than he began enlarging the ley on Nrs. Smith's account, and the rahouse, and making additions to the gar-' pid tale, and almost immediate demand den and offices on an extentive plan; liis for a fecond edition, futticiently justified agricultural pursuits became expensive the author's contidencein ber own powers, and ruinous in proportion to his inexpe and encouraged her to proceed in a line, rience; and Mrs. Smith foon found, that, which is it might render her in a great dealthough her tatie tur rural scenery, and grec independent of the perfons who bad for a more elegant fociety was gratified now the management of the affairs, couie by the change of situation ; yet her do- tributed to divert her thoughts and to lead meltic comtiores were by 110 means in- her mind into the vilionary regions of created, and the inad only bartered one tanev, rendering the fid realities the pas fpecies of milery for another. Here the fuifcring uider, in some measure less loit her eldelt inn, a boy ot very fuperior poignant. The still encreasing derunge intellect, and who proinifed to partake ment of Nir. Smith's affairs soon after much of his inother's genius: this was a obliged him to leave England, and in the deep atlliction to his muther; he did not autumnu of 1794, he ciablithed his family long furvive his grandfather, the father in a gloomy and inconvenient chacu iit of Mr. Smith, whose death was far from Normandy, very injudicimully clofen nine being an advantage to his daughter-in- miks from any own; his wife's sufferings law, for in bin Dhie lust a licady and at- in this very inconvenient and contiertel fectionate friend, who had away her in- dituntion, where the gave birth to her terest and linppiness at heor. lle leit a youngest child, were such, that few novery large property among his grandchild men could bare borne with fortitude; dren, of which there were ici eral, bendes But her admirable mind and periererin the eight children of his youngest son; but Suorit till fupported her; and again lite his will was fo extremely prulis and con rary pursuits forved to lighten her cares fused, that no two lawyers undefined it; during the very severe wiæter which hape in the fainc manner, from where the pened that year; and when her healh trufees appointed boy' it, refused to aci, would 11. rumit of her going out, 1c nid Mr. Snuel brcline, ats principal exe tranthaled into Englid, the novel of Nacutor, podelleri utile entire managerucnt sien l'Escaut, by thic Abbé Prewit. It ot' theic extentive concerns, in the con was afterwards published, and confired duci, of which be acted with io litile care as being inmoral; but the muci wars, ir fell tion, and so little to the hitacion of the accidentally in her way wisen die land wort several collateral branches of the timily much opportunity of selection, and it a concerned, that they felt themselves emo tiinesten the eagerly fought for my re pelled to appeal to the low. As the coule. fource to mitignie her anxicuies. In the quences that clued have been already spring of 1783, the family returned to deniled," let it fitlice to fav, that ürs. Inuland, and soon after refided to the See Third Volume of Public Churacers. ancicat inanition then belonging to Sir

Charles

Charles Mill, at Woollading, now the his motlıer, who, having contracted a relidence of Lord Robert Spencer, and very alarming rheumatic complaint, was of which parish the father of Otway the advised to try the Bath waters, and thicier poet had been rector; a circurntíance flie removed in 1794, wliere in the spring which rendered it claliic ground to Mrs. of 1795, that which the contidered as the Smith, and inlpired thote beantiful fon- bcavictt of her domeftic calanities befel bets ia which his name is so happily in- her, in the death of her second daughter, troduced; here allo the translated those a lovely and anable young woman, of a very interesing extracts from Les Causes rapid declive. She had been two years Celebres which have been to defervedly the site of the Chevalier de Foville, an admired, and which was a more difficult emigrant. Mrs. Smith is laid never to undertaking from the tingularity of the have recovered this aftliction; but at wurk, and the obscurity of the las-terins. times the original clearfulness of her Again it became necellary for Mrs. Sinith temper returned, and latterly she never to exert her fortitude, when the parted mentioned her lost daughter. Her love from her eldest ton, who had been ap- ot change, which might always be nuinpointed to a writership in Bengal; and bered among her foibles, was now be wlien the second was snatched from lier came an habitual restlessness; and the by a rapid and malignant fever, which continued to wander from place to place, more or less affected the whole family, in hopes of attaining that happiness which and wlich carried him off after an illneis ever seemed to cluide her pursuit. Her vaof three days. Other domestic calami- rious residences may be traced in her ties, insupportable to a spirit like hers, 'poems. In 1801, fhe had to lament the dvertook her very foon afterwards; and death of that fou who lost his limb in the circunstances which delicacy forbids us service of his country, which took place to detail, determined her to quit her huf- at Barbadoes, where the affairs of his faband's house, and withdraw with moli of mily had called him, and by his ardent spirit luer children to a finall cottage pcar Chi- aud exertions, the property fituated there chelier-a ftepapproved of by her friends, was disposed of; but he was not destined and which she was fully juttitied in taking to reap the benefit of his successful negoin die opinion of thofe who knew the true ciation, he fell a vićtiin to the yellow femotives which induced it. The charm- ver, from the benevolence of his dispofiing novel of Emmeline was written at tion in attending his fervant, who was this place, in the course of a few months; first seized with the malady. His loss the novelty of the defcriptive scenery was deeply regretted by his mother and which Mrs. Smith first introduced, and family. In 1803, Mirs. Smith again chanthe clegance of the style, obtained for it ged her liabitation, and removed from the the nunft unbounded fuccefs, and encreaf- neighbourhood of Tunbridge Wells, to a eri the ardour and perlevering application village in Surry, regarding it as her na of the author, which brought forward fo- tive loil, baring palled her intancy at her veral other works of the fine kind, al father's place at Stoke, and there the had molt all equally plenting, and which fol- long esprelled a delire that all her forlowed with a rapidity and variety only rows Inight repose. Her wishes have alionithing.

been complied with the rells near her Mrs. Smith after the lapse of fome mother and many of ber ancestors in the tme removed to Brightlelmistone, wlicre parish-church of that village. Death the comtinued till 1793, and where lier cloled her long lufferings in her 57th year, talents intruduced her to many diltit on the 28th of Octolcr, 1806, after a guithed and literary characters: circum- molt tedious and painful illnels,

which liances and the love of change next car- had totally exhanited her frame, but the ried her to another part of Suflet. Her powers of her extraordinary mind lott third fon had entered the army, and neither their Itrength nor their brilliancy. served on the continent in the campaign She was a widow at the time of her ditof that year, as enlign in the 11th regi- folution, and from that circumstance benent; he had been distinguished for his

cate pofleffed of hier own fortune. Of quod conduc, but unfortuontely received a fimy of twelve cliildren, fix ouly are

dangerous wound before Dunkirk, living, three fons and three daughter. In which made the ampuration of his leg her then surviving fons flie was piurticularly peceflary. He returned to England in this happy, having lived to see the two elder

chunchaly situatiuu; and such a dif-, oues, advanced to hunourable and lucru treting crcat, combining with other tive appointments in the civil fervice of Gran preyed on the conftitution of India, and both as high in character

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