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Hendon Grange near Ryhope, and in the marks on the improper Elision of lowels) vicinity of Hylton Ferry. During his re- that reduces the sentence to tuch tautó fidence at the latter place, when he had logy and nonfenfę, that I am obliged to nearly attained his 80th year, his occu- request the opportunity of a conspicuous pation becoming unprofitable, he gave up correction. I had stated that “inany of his farm, and engaged himself in the fer our fyllables will be found, even in orvice of a gentleman in the fame neizh- dinary delivery, to be liable to a condibourhood, by whom he was employed is derable degree of latitude, both in Quanthe fields or table, or in such other work TITY and TUNE;" but your compositor as he was capable of attending to, being (who may very well be excused for never always considered trusty and well-dipol having heard of the tune of syllables, 114 ed. As he had long prided biinfeli on the ordinary pronunciation of speech) has his dexterity in inowing, when he was fubftituted the word time; and made mo almost ninety, he anxiounly folicited lis dwell upon a ditinction (infinitely to employer for the loan of a guinea, to subtile, I suppose, for the apprehension of wager against the fill of a much younger any of your realers) between the quantity coinpetitor. For the latt fifteen years of of a fyllable and it's time.* his life, he rclided in Sunderland, in the I throw no reproach, therefore, on the house of a grand-daughter, by whom, with corrector of your prefs, on account of this the affistance of other descendants, he inaccuracy: but as the discriinination of was decently and relpectably inaintain- the various properties of English fyllables ed; still, however, keeping up his con is one of those topics, to which, both nexion occasionally with the family of his from tatte and from profeffional duty, I Jate master, who had removed into the am in the habit of paying a very partienvirons of the town. Being one day, cular attention ; I avail mytelf of the prewhen he was upwards of a hundred years fent opportunity to elucidate the distincold, requested by his mistress to purchase, tion alluded to in my last communication. her fome fowls, with an expectation that English syllables then, Sir, I conceive he would bring them from the market, (and I believe I might curtidently atfirin which was held very near his own reli- the fame of the syllables of all languages, dence in Sunderland, he set out on foot that ever did, or erer can exisi) ditter for a village seven miles distant, where from each other, not only in the enuncihe had some acquaintance, and having ative elements (i. e. the simple qualities procured some fowls of a luperior quality, of the letters of which ibcy are composed) returned home from his marketing with- and in their relpective quantities, (i. e. out delay. He was a strong muscular the time they occupy in pronunciation) man, about five feet fix inches high; be but, also, in the following quulities, which was imple and of an easy temper, never constitute (in the most comprehentive apdistretling himself about any thing beyond plication of the word) their tune; and the occurrence of the moment, à circum- which I fall endeavour to contradisiin
tance which probably contributed much guill by appropriate symbols, the greater. to the prolongation of his life. Having part of which I have borrowed froin the never been añlicted with any species of ingenious work of Mr. Jothia Steele.t infirmity or ill health, he retained his First, fyllables differ from each other bodily vigour to a very late period, and in their poile—that is to fay, in the affechis other faculties, with the exception of tions of heavy (A) and light (..)--the his light which failed him in his last year, Thesis and Arsis of the Greeks:mile alto his death at the advanced age of 106, ternations of which (not proceeding from in the summer of 1805. He left a fou opwards of 70, whom he always called his Either the lapse of nay pen, or of your lad, a man of stouter make than lois compositor, bas brought me under the impu. father, who bears at this moment every
tation of another error, which though general appearauce of reaching a very advanced idiom would excuse, accuracy would of course
reject-I mean the phrase "three first lines," age. Dec. 20, 1806.
in my paper upon Elifions, instead of " first
three lines." Though I utterly abjure fuch To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. I should not have thought it worth while to
colloquial phraseology, in critical disquiution, SIR,
correct it, if fome unknown correspondent had errors of the press; but there is interrogation. one in the last line of the second column, † Prorodia Rationalis, or a Trestise on the pago 445, of your last Mayazine, in my Re- Measure and Melody or Speech Nichols, 1779.
I importance enough for epißolary
and fourth on the second syllable; but
5 although precisely the fame property of
unper thesis or heary, which is given to the lylluble fan, in “ fancy,” pair, in “ repair
Yet nothing can be more difing," &c. is given to lute, in “ absolutely," ferent than their accents :—that is to fay, to in, in “ intrepidity," and to ring, in (for in this respect
, and this only, the
vulgar application of the term is cor* Serringapatain," here the term accent rect) than the Idiomatic tune of the re
spective provinces; or the mode and is by the generality of writers absolutely rately defines, “the tuning of the voice,
fyftem of what old Ben Jonson to accudenied to these mere heavy tyllables, and by listing it up and down in the mufical exclusively confined to the individual Syllable that receives the fuperadded and that lias been written upon the subject of
-a definition which is worth all perfectly diftinét quality of percutlion. So that we have the fame name applied accent, from the days of that admirable to two distinct properties of utterance; but which we cannot be surprised that
grammarian, to those of Joshua Steele; and the appellation positively denied in fucceeding graminarians have forgotten; one instance to the very fame quality since old Ben binnfelt seems to have forwhich in another is insitied upon as conftituting its sole and indisputable elience. gotten it the very instant it was dismised But that is not all. That confusion may practical illustration of his own axiom,
froin his pen : having abfolutely, in the be still worfe confounded, the very ap- confounded it again, with that very proplication of the term uccent is, by all our grammarians, imperiously denied to all
, pesty of perculjice force, from which it monofyllables; although such of our ino
seemed to have separated it for ever.
Thus then by the term accent, I mean nofyllables as are subjiuntives have, unjverially, by the moti deducible and in
" the tuning of the voice, by lifung it perious law of English pronunciation, of up and down in the musical scale;" and
I necessity, that identical quality of heari
mean nothing elle. Accents (thus de ness, or affection to thesis, which in wordsfined) must of necellity be regarded as of two syllables is called their accent; fyllables: every tyliable (whethier spoken
univerial and inditpensable properties of and are even liable, as has been already or fung) being necesiarily characterized Mewn, to that fuperadded quality of per- by a certain portion of tuneable found; cuflion, to which the name of accent is which mult be either higher or lower in consigned in the longer words. But the measure of absurdity is not yet
an ascertainer, or afoertuinulle scale of full
. What grammarian is there who, musical proportions. And, further, it after all his confused applications of this may be stated, that if such tMatile bc unfortunate word, would scruple to talk spoken, it must not only hare its characof a Scotch accent, an Irish accent, a
teristic clevation or depretlion in such Welch accent, a Northumbriun accent, a
scale, but also its motion through a cerFrench accent, &c. Yet most assuredly
tajn portion of that scale, either upwards the discrent modes of atterance thus in- during the interval of any fyilalle, and
or downwards, or both; for if we dwell, dicated, depend upon fomething ellenuially distinct from those qualities of fyl- especially any of the long syllables, on an lables indicated by the terin accent in uninterrupted monotone, linging and not any of the former infances. With very accents of speech have not only their dif
speaking is the consequence. Thus tlie few exceptions, the Scotchian, the Irish- tinctions of high and low, like the notes native of Northumberland, &c. would of common mulic (though on a scale of place the percussion precisely on the fame more minute division) but have also their
minute movements, or apparent flides; through
that is to say—their distinctions of acute syllable, and would make,
O, grave (), gruto-acute (") and ucutogruve (), or circumflexes; fome one of
which motions of the voice, muft necefany given sentence, sarily take place, during the pronunciat
A... tion of every syllable (whether this voice,
at the commencement of such fyllable, fumcr diftri bution Tof bearyand were pitched high or low), or the character A.
Such are thic diftinct properties of the
tute of fyllables; in the application of land, will, I trust, oblige the public with which (as well as of the attribute of his fystematic and admirable work on the quantity, or duration) it was my meaning genius and elements of Edylith retre; to utrin, that, in many inttances, con- and the world will then have little reason fiderable latitude is allowed, in the ordi- to regret that other labours than thofe of tary conversational delivery, even of the the pen, engross the time and attention of moit correct and harmonious fpeakers;
Your's &c. and to the extent of which latitude, (and Bedford Place, J. TUBLWALI. no further) I congder the writer and the Dec. 7, 1806. reader of perfe to be at liberty, nay to be called upon to extend his discretionary To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine Selection; in what to the respective provinces of the writer and the repeater cap THERE is a whimsical expression in practically belong.
I am conscious, Sir, that this hasty and decypher, till the other day chance let imperfect Icrawl may expose your com- me into the secret. I mean the phrale, positor to fresh ditticulties; and, what in spite of his teeth. Looking into a te worfe, perhaps, from the want of French dictionary under the word uidunt, perspegous and fulficient elucidation of I found this pallage: On difoit autrefois, line is new or difficult in the theory, Malgré lui & fes aidans, dont on a fuit may rather tend to perplex than to in- ce proverbe corrompu, Malgré lui & les forta the fiudent of Englith profody, Bat dents. It seeins then that this phrase, the incellant calls of profesional duty, (as like so many others in our language, is a a public and as a privnte teachery) forbid literal tranlation from the old French, in me the opportunities both of more ain which the words which answered to his ple and explicit developement of my affiftants, happening to resemble in found ideas, and of the necessary talk of revising those which anfwer to his teeth, the latter shat I have lo hastily set down. It has, words, by negligence, or drollery, came indeed, heen long my will to submit to to be substituted inttead of the foriner. the world a methodical and ample deve
I am, Sir, your's, &c. lopement of that entire fyltem of elocu- Dec. 12, 1806. PATLOLOGUS. Donary fcience, which the labour of ten je years has enabled me in fome degree to To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, digest, thoagh at present it has no writ- & SİN, ,
dity of fome pose of my public lectures, and which in Pickbourn has made on my letter relative reality can be irstelligible to no one but to the nature of Greek accents. To the myself. But the publication of a work pallage which was quoted from Bifhop at fuch extent is fo formidable a specu- Hare, Mr. P. has given the following lations and it is, in fact, so much more meaning:-“ Accent gives a little addiprofitable to calk to mankind than to tion to a long vowel, but the privation of write for thein, that I am much inclined accent does not occasion a long syllable to believe that, notwithstanding the dif- to become thort. Now this appears to advantages of detached and partial dif me to convey a meaning directly conquditions, upon a fubjeft wluch ought to trary to the words and intention of the
aamined as a whole, an occalional Billy eling like the present, is likely, foram fane fears at leol, to be all that attention at present meditates, ought not entirely to
the interells of myfitnily will perinit une fuperfede. To those who are not already in, w cummit to publication. I have hopes,
itiated in the ordinary fystem of musical noveres, that a part of what I had me tation, the fimple proportions of a measured be executed by an abler feale, and the directions for the use of a me.
chanical index, in the original work, cannot ke ned and very ingenious but be highly
acceptable; the mugcal nota. Loe of Stratore, in Ire- tion adopted in the enlarged performance will
at be, however, much more satisfa&tury to the ready publithed an ele scientific tudent, and the more
comprehensive dojects of great view that is taken of the subject, increases the
Ekoments of En- interest and enhances the value of the per
Vide Monthly Magazine, vol. XX.
Thich have been prepared for the purs I CANNOT but diffent from the vali