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Osservations on the State of the weather, from the 24th of February, to the 2415

of Narch 1807, inclufire, Tuco Miles N.W'. of St. Paul's.

Highet 30.55. March 1. Wind East Highest 579. March 21. Wind N.W.
Loweit 99.33. March 18. Wind West Loweit 94". March 5. Wind NE.
On the evening of

In the mom of 25th ult. the 8th, the mer

the thermometer was Greateft? 57 hun curystood at 29:33,


52°; che fame hour the & it the lame time variation in

26th but 39o. A like

variation in s dredths of

16o. 2+ hours.

variation took place in the next day it was

24 hours. as high as 29.90.

the middle of the days; on the first it wasji; on

the second, it was 59. The quantity of rain fallen fince our last report is too trifting to be noticed. Our journal records but one day in which there has been any, but on five or fix there has been snow, and in many places it fell in confiderable quantities : near the metropolis it has not at any period been jullicient to incommode the inhabitants ; nor during the whole winter has the cold been fufficient to render the sparrow's and other small birds, in the villages round London, (the only game of cockneys), futficiently keen to fill a prey to the fowling piece.

The average leight of the theripomeles for the whole month is 44.73, which is higher than it bas been for several years for the same period of time. Such of our readers as will take the trouble of turning back to the several volumes of the Monthly Magazine, will find that the average temperature for Marcn, last year, was 42 1 ; for 1805, it was 43; før 1804, it was only 39.00 ; for 1803, it was 41:nearly; and for 1803, it was 4.34 nearly. Notwithıflanding this increase in the temperature, we have experienced much and fevere cold from the winds, which have cooled down the human budy, though (as we have formerly observed) they have but little effect on the thermometer. The wind has blown chiefly from the callery and wefterly quarters, and in both indiances it has been severely felt. The average height of the barumeter is 29.99.

T', CORRESPONDENTS. PROSE communications, signed A, B, Jmpartial, M. N. A Friend to Trud, I. A. R. M. Scrutator, D. T. Simon Simple, Veritas, do not luit the Monthly Magazine.

The friends of Pro.etior Richardson are referred to the Court of King's Bench, as a more competent tribunal to correct an unfeeling and unpripcipled CoxcomB than the pages of a Literary Jouinal.

Our excellent friend Dr. Patterson complains of being misrepresented in an anonymous Review! As we cannot spare room for his able reply, we thall ask him, wbs, that writer 4 bok, is not milyopie ented by rke carelefrejs or malice of farne or all of the Reviews ? Dr. Pato terfon, and others in like circumstances, may derive confolation from the perafal of a plain marrative of facts relative to the manufactory of Reviews, lately published under the title of the New Dunciad, in which they will perceive how unworthy is all anonymous criticism of their confidence or fcrious altention.

We must refer the communication of Mr. Saimon to the publicat on to which he refers.

We acknowledge the receipt of another letter tion Dr GLEIG, but we believe we fail be considered by our readers as having brought to its proper close the controversy of that geotemas with Mr. LAING.

Severai Querills are iniurmed, that we expect them to mention the authorities which have failed them, beore ne can obtrude their queftions on the pul·lic, some of which bray prübably be anlwered by cunfulting the last new Cyclopedia, or perhaps any good ciementary treatise.

In compliance with the with of our correspondent who ligns CODNOX SENSI, we full de glad to receive information relative to the monupuly of tams, ard to the description of manufactories to which he alludes in the lait paragraph of his letter.

communications will be particularly acceptable from perfons relident on the seat of War on the Continent.

Eriva in the present Number: at page 26%, col. 9, for Ifaus Wild, Eff. read 10* Wild, Eli.; and af pige 209, col. 1, fut linowy sead Canosa.



No. 156.]

MAY ), 1807

[4 of Vol. 23

SAs long as those who write are ambitious of making Converts, and riving to their Opinions : Maximum of

* Infuence aod Celebrity, the moft extensively circulated Miscellary will repay with the greateft effect the * Curiohty of those who read either for Amusement or Inftruition." JOHNSON.


property beo

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. AN ACCOUNT of the LONDON INSTITU- vacate their office, but are eligible to be

re-elected to other offices of the institution. VE chief purposes of the London TI

Of the Proprietors. In ftitution are, the speedy and ge The number of proprietors is limited to neral diffusion of science, literature, and one thoufanıl, and the whole property of the arts, by means of lectures and ex the Institution is veíted solely in that periments, and teaching the application body, who have complete anthority to of scientitic discoveries to the improve control and dispose of the faine, and no ment of arts and manufactures in this fale or mortgage of


real country; the acquitation of a valuable longing to the Institution, or of any itock and esteniive library, confifting of books of money permanently invested, can be in all languages both ancient and mo- macie, but with the approbation and condemn, and giving an eafy access to the use currence of a general meeting of proof it; and the establidiment of reading prietors convened for that express purrooms, where the foreign and domestic pore. journals, newspapers, and other periodi Every candidate for election as a procal works, and the best pamplilets and prietor must be proposed by a manager new publications, may be provided for at one of their meetings, and his name is the ufe of the proprietors and subscribers. then hung up in the managers' room,

In the execution of this plan, the prio- and at the next meeting he is balloted cipal gentlemen and inerchants of the tor. No person can be elected unless metropolis, to the number of one thon- two-thirds, at least, of the managers are fand, fubfcribed the sum of seventy-five in favour of his aduitson. guineas each, towards forming the necef There is a general meeting of propriefary funds; and appointed a committee tors annually, on the last Thursday in to prepare a set of By-laws for the yo- April, for the purpose of electing the vernment of the Institution.

oficers of the Institution, and receiving As these By-laws explain the nature of the report of the managers, containing a this eliablilbutit in detail, it will be be- general statement of the matters with cefiary to give them in a clallified forin, which it may be necessary the proprietors in order that they may be more calily should be acquainted, in order that they understood by thofe persons who may may form an opinion of the actual itate of lave it in contemplation to establimh the Intitution, in respect to its pecuniary funilar imtitutions in the large and popu. concerns and the accomplishment of its lous cities, and manufacturing towns of objects. the United Kingdom.

The minutes of the transactions at It may be neceflitry to premnise that the crery general meeting of the proprietors London Inititution is a body, politic and are entered in a book by the secretary, corporate, being so created by royal and read over at the next meeting for charter, granted to the managers and approbation as to their correct entry, proprietors in January, 1807.

and after being approved are Gined by Of the direction and administration of the the pretident, or in his ablence by the Institution.

chainan. All the affairs of the Inftitution are Previoutly to the general meeting in directed and administered by a conmittee April, printed alphabetical litis of the of' cuanagers, confifiing of the president, proprietors, and the names of the profour vice-prefidents, twenty managers, feffors, lectures, &c. are to be provided and the secretary, chosen by and from at the house of the Institution. among the proprietors. One fourth of The votes of the proprietors for the * the presidents and managers annually election of the ethices of the Institutions MONTBLY MAQ., No, 130.




are always given by ballot; and all bufi On the day of the annual election, ness brought forward at any general meet after the president or chairman shall have ing of proprietors, is decided by a majority taken the chair, and a balloting glass present, unlets a ballot be required on being placed on the table, two scrutineers any specihic question, by fitueen or more are to be appointed to examine and deof the proprietors prelent, which ballot clare the result of the ballot. must take place on one of the five ensuing A compleie list of all proprietors who days after sucha general meeting.

may hare figpitied their intention to the No new law, alteration, or jepeal of managers to become candidates for any any existing law, can originate in a office, and allow balloting lists, containing general meeting of proprietors, unless the names of those perfons recommended after special notice to the secretary in by the managers and visitors, for such writing, by fifteen proprietors or up- office, are to be prepared and ready for wards, at least fourteen days previoully delivery to each proprietor, at lealt eight to such general meeting; nor can any days before the annual election. new law, alteration, or repeal, he pro Every proprietor who votes at posed by the managers to the proprictors, election is to deliver his balloting lift, unless approved by two-thirds of the ma- folded up, to the prendent or chairman, nagers present at a meeting to be fum- who, in his presence, is immediately tó moned for that special purpose. put it into the balloting glass, and the

If, at a meeting of proprietors, any name of each proprietor, who to delivers question mould arise during the course of in his list, thall be marked on a printed an election, respecting the forms thereof, lift by the secretary or clerk of the Instifuch question thall be decided by a ma- tution. jority of proprietors prefent.

When the ballot is closed, the scrutiOf Life and Annual Subscribers. neers are to cast up the number of votes Every candidate for election, as a life for each person, and report the fame in or annual subscriber, muli be proposed at writing, ligned by them, to the chair, a meeting of the managers, and his name when the president or chairman will deentered in the list of candidates, and at clare those who have the majority of the next meeting of the managers the votes to be the persons elected to the question of admillion thall be decided on. refpective offices.

Subscribers to particular courses of If the number of votes, in favor of lectures, or to the library, Mall be ad- two or more candidates, thould be equal, mitted thereto, upon the terins from time the pretident or chairman is to decide by to time fixed by the managers.

Jots prepared by the scrutineers. Ladies are admissible as subscribers to Of The Duties and Authority of the the lectures only, under such regulations

Munagers. as may be fixed by the managers.

The managers are to engage suitable Rights and Privileges of the Proprietors perfons as professors aut lecturers, and and Subscribers.

cause courses of lectures in esperimental The proprietors, life and annual sub- philosophy, and on chemiftry, and on scribers, and honorary members, bave different departments of literature and right of admillion to the library, lectures, the arts, to be given annually or oftener reading-rooms, and all other public parts at the Infiitution. of the house of the institution, at all They are to take care that no subjects hours from eight o'clock in the morning be treated of, at the lectures, but such as until eleven at night, Sundays, Cbrifimas are connected with the objects of the InDay, Good Friday, and Fast and Thankf- ftitutiou. giving days by proclamation, excepted ; They are authorised, under certain and on Saturdays the doors close at three restrictions, to elect and admit proprie o'clock.

tors, life and annual subscribers, and The proprietors have each one tranf- also to elect honorary members of the ferable ticket, which admits the bearer Institution., to the library, the reading-rooms, and They are to elect and appoint, either lectures.

annually or otherwise, the fiftant fecreOf the Mode of Proceeding at Elections. taries, profeflors, lecturers, librariaus, and

The president, one vice-president, five other officers, and remove them when managers, three visitors, the auditors, trea- they see cause; and engage and difinit surer, and secretary of the Institution, are the domestic servants of the house. elected annually by the proprietors at They have the direction of the house the general dieeting in April.

of the Institution, and make such regula

tions for the preservation of order and the president their request that such meetdecorum therein as they may think proper. ing shall be called.

They are to caule fair and arcurate Whenever a special meeting of the viaccounts and registers, in writing, to be fitors shall be called, the object of such kept of all receipts, payment, and transac- meeting thall be mentioned in the notice, tions, by then, their oflicers, and agents which is to be sent to each member, at refpectively, and annually make up the least eight days previoully to the meeting. fame to the 3111 of December in every

The vilitor's elect their own secretary, year, and lay then, with the vouchers, and may make such regulations respecting before the auditors on or before the 25th the mode of transacting their buliness, as of March following.

they (hall think neceffary or useful, proThoy bave power to admit to the vided luch regulations are not repugnant lectures, and to the library, and the other to the charter, nor to the By-laws of the rooms of the Inititution, forcigners of Institution. high rank, or of ditinguished scientitic ac

Of the Treasurer. quirements, during their temporary re The treasurer is elected annually at lidence in the inetropolis.

the general meeting in April, by and • Their meetings are to be held in the from among the proprietors. His apo house of the Institution on the tirit Wed pointment is honorary. nelday in every month, and 10 meetings All monies belonging to the Institution are competent to the transaction of buti- nall remain in the hands of the bankers ness, unless three or more members be appointed by the managers; and all reprefent.

ceipts and payments thall be entered in The president, or two vice-presidents, the banker's book, under the direction or any three managers, may, by requitis of the treasurer, which book is to be laid tion in writing to the secretary, call a on the managers'table at all their meetings. fpecial meeting of managers.

The treaturer thall order payment of The prefident prelides at all meetings such drafts as shall be made on him by the of the managers, and in case of his ab- managers, as alfo of such bills and other lence, one of the vice-presidents, and if disburiements, as they shall specially dis ncither be preient one of the managers. rect to be paid by him.

When the votes at any meeting of the He thall enter into a bond with two apinanagers thall be equal, the prelident or proved turetics, in the tum of 5000l. on chairman Ahall have the casting vote. condition that he duly account and pay The Visitors.

all such money or other property and A committee of vititors, conlisting of effects belonging to the Institution, as the prefident and twelve visitors, such thall come into bis poffeffion as treasurer. viltors not being members of the com He thall make up his accounts to mittee of managers, Thall be choten from the 31st of December in every year, and among the proprietors at the general lay them before the managers, in order meeting on the last Thursday in April, to their being prepared for the inspection three of whom shall annually vacate their of the auditors. otfice, but do not become thereby in

Of the Secretary. eligible to the same, or to any oilier office The secretary is elected annually by of the Institution,

and from among the proprietors. He is The vilitors have anthority to infpert, a member of the committee of managers, at all tines, every departnout of the and his appointinent is honorary. inttitution, and they make their reports,

He attends the general meetings of the either to the managers, ue to the court of proprietors and the meetings of the mapropoetors, as they may preier,

nagers; and thall enter in a book, for Any five of the rititors may convene a that purpose, the minutes of the proceed. special veneral meeting of proprietors, ings of those meetings; give instructions giving right days notice thereot' to the to the secretary of foreign correfponDanngers.

dence, and directions to the alliftant leThe rifitors meet quarterly in the house cretaries and clerks, in every thing reof the institution, and no neeting is lating to the buliness of his otice, and competent to the trantaction of batinets, see that due notice is given by the clerk unlels three or more members thall be of the general meetings of the proprietors, prelcat.

and of the meetings of the managers. Special meetings of the visitors may be

Of the Auditors. held, as ofteu as any three of the visitors, At the general meeting in April, five or managers, thall express in writing to auditors thall be appointed by and from



among the proprietors, who shall examine whom he is desirous of transferring the the accounts of the Institution, wbich fame, and such perfon (unless he be the Mall be made up to the Sist of December legitimate son of such proprietor, in following, and thall report thereon, with a which care le may be adınitted without general ttatement of the accounts figned delay) Mall be balloted for at the next by the major part of them, to the general meeting of managers; and if such perton meeting in the succeeding April; and should not be approved by two-thirds of their report Niall be printed and ready for the managers pretent, the proprietor Niall delivery at the houle of the Inftitution, be entitled, at his option, to propole eight days previoully to such meeting. another perfon for adnition, or to clain Of Honorriry Members.

from the funds of the Intuitution such tum Persons of distinguished rank or quali- as may then be fixed in the By-laws as fications, whether natives or foreigners, the qualitication of a proprietor. may be elected honorary members of On the decease of a proprietor, bis the Institution.

cxccutors or adminifirators may nominate Persons proposed as honorary mem- fuch person as is appointed in the will bers, must be recommended by three at of the faid deceased proprictor, or 'in deleaft of the managers, and be proposed fault of such appointment, or in case of and balloted for, with the interval of one the decease of the perfo fo appointed, month at lealt, between the proposal and fuch other person as they may think proballot, and two negatives thall exclude. per, to be balloted for hy the managers

Of Receipts and Erpenditures. (excepting the legitimate fon of such deA fufficient lum thall be invetied in the ceated proprietor, who is entitled to adpublic funds, as a. provition for the per- million without ballot) and such nominamanency and itability of the Institution. tion thall be referred by the inanagers to

All monies not permanently invetied, the folicitor of the Intitution to examine and not wanted for detraying the current into its legal propriety, who, on making a expenses of the Intiitution, thall, from written report to the managers, Phall retime to time, be invetied by the ma ceive one guinea as his fee, from the

pronagers in floating public securities, prietor on iis admission; and in case luch

The annual income of the Institution person, reported by the folicitor as legalNiall be applied by the managers in dif- ly nominated, thall not be elected, the charging rents, taxes, falaries, wages, re executors or administrators of fuch depairs, the purchase of foreign and domettic ceased proprietor shall, at their option, journals, periodical and other new publi- either propose another person for adcations, for the use of the reading-room. million, or claim from the fund of the

The surplus income Ball be applied, at Institution, such sum as may then be fixed the discretion of the managers, to the in the By-laws as the qualification of a improvement and auginentation of the proprietor. library, and apparatus for philosophical

The Library. experiments.

The library is open from eight o'clock Of Sub-Committees.

in the morning till eleven at night, with The managers have power to appoint the exceptions as before itated. as many committees as they shall think The books belonging to the library proper for the purpose of scientific and are under the care and custody of the experimental inveftigations, and to admit librarian. iuto such committees any persons, whe No person shall take down any of the ther proprietors, subscribers, or not, and books in the library, but a note containto allow such compuittees to hold their ing the name of the person applying, and meetings in the house of the Inftitution. the title of the book, muli be given to the

The prelident, the managers, visitors,' librarian or the attendant, who will lupand secretary, have a right to attend all ply him with the book required. such comunittees whenever they think No person thall take away any book proper.

belonging to the library. These committees are occasionally to A manuscript catalogue of the library report their progress to the managers. is kept on the table. Oj' the Transfer and Derife of Proprie Of the Houfe of the Institution. tors' Shares

The temporary houfe of the institution, Any proprictor defirous of transferring till the managers can procure a larger and his right in the Institution, thall notify the more convenient one, is in the Old Jewry; fame in writing to the nianagers, itating but it is expected that the corporation the name and relidence of the person to of London will grant them richer the


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