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whole, or a great part of the ground on &c. The rooin on the right contains the which K'ackwell Hall stands. In that foreign papers and journals; on the table is cale, a new house will be erected, con Le Moniteur, le Publicitte, the Hamburg taining every desirable accommodation Correipondenten; the Manheiin, FrancSuitat le for an etiablitament ofluch mag- fort, and Leyden Journals; the Magazin nitude.

Encyclopedique; Archives Litterairo; It will be necessary to enter into a Journal de Phylique ; Mercure de brief explanation of the internal economy France ; Bibliotheque Commerciale ; of the house, and to give an account of Journal de la Litterature de France; the publications which are found on the Journal de la Litterature Etrangere; tables of the iniiitution; and also a lort Annales des Arts et Manufactures; La defcription of the library.

Revue; Annales de Muleum d'Histoire On entering the boure, which was Naturelle; L'Eiprit des Journaux; and erecied in 1677 by Sir Robert Clayton, is the Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung. There a large and spacious hiall, the great itair are also several modern French publicacafe in which is finely painted, by Sir tions to be found in this room. James Thornhill, with several subjects The library is arranged on the first from the story of ilercules, as detailed by for, and is contained in five handsome the Mythologitis. On the top of the

It conutts of nearly ten Stair-cate is a copy of Guido's picture of thousand volunes, Selected with great the Rape of Dejanira.

care; about one half of which are in Bensind the ball is the newspaper-room, folio and quarto. In the fine arts, in which contains thiec tables, on which are natural history, in bibliography, in parlaid all the London Daily Newspapers, liamentary history, in topography, and V12. the Times, Post, Chronicle, flerald, the littory and antiquities of Great BriLedger, Press, Oracle, Morning Adrer- tain, this library is extremely rich. Here tifer, Courier, Sun, Star, Traveller, may be found the valuable collection of Globe, Statesman, and Pilot; the Lon- books made by the deceased Marquis of don Gazette; Cobbet's and Redhead- Lansdown, relating to the French revoluYorke's Weekly Papers, Lloyd's Lift, lion, alto a large Collection of Tracts, the Packet Liit, thu Shipping List, and having reference to the Political and the London Price Corrent. In cach Commercial Affairs of these Kingdoms, table are drawers, in which the clerk of in upwards of three hundred volunes, the Inititution regularly files the papers The library, including a good collection every evening atter the house is clofed, of maps, colt nearly 90001, and confiderandácthe end of the month they are remov- ing that it comprites many works of great ed and prelerved to be bound in volumes. and increaling value, scarcity, and utility,

On thefe tables are also found Gazet- this fun cannot be thought dispropora teurs, Directories, and other books of tionate to the extent and inportance of reference. There are also the votes and the acquisition. all the reports of the various committees, The establilament of the Institution, at printed by order of the House of Con- prelept, contitis of the principal librarian, inons, which are presented to the Institu- Proteilor Porton, whio has apartments in tion by one of the managers a member of the house; the c!erk, Mr. J. Savage, who the Ilouse of Commons.

has also the domelic management of the Round this room is hung a collection Institution; two 11b-librarians; porter, of Arrowsmith's Maps, neatly fitted up book-binder, and two female fervants. on canvas and spring-rollers.

The funds of the Institution arise fron On each end of this room is another the payment of leventy-live guineas by {maller room; that on the left is used for each of the proprietors, and of twentyreading the reviews, magazines, the prin- tive guincas, lately advanced to thirty-tive cipal periodical publications, popular guineas, by the life-lubfcribers. The pamphlets, and modern books. In this total expenie otrepairs, alterations, furniroom are found the Reviews, the Month- ture, and various neceflary accommodaly, Gentlecian's, European, Philofophi- tions, have been about 3,8001. The cal, and Botanical Magazines; the Athe- total receipts are about 78,0001. which næum, the Literary Panorama; Censura with the intereft, will make uearly Literaria; Repertory of Arts; Naval 82,0001. Chronicle, the Monthly Mirror; Lists of The temporary committee of managers, the Army am Navy; Sowerby's English on the cominencement of their duiics, Botany ; Nichuseon's Journal; Flower's appointed two sub-committees; the one Poliucal Review; the Medical Journal; for the purpose of obtaining temporary

1

accommodations;

accommodations; the other for that of different kinds of trees, &c. are endowed fuperintending and directing the forma- with very different powers for evaporation of the library. The diligence and ting moisture, and that the exotic trees fuccess of these sub-committees, will be and plants, so greatly increased and culbett understood by an examination of the tivated in this country in modern times, house of the Infiitution, and of the li- poffefs vafily greater powers of evaporabrary. The state of the house and the ting, even when naturalized here, and accoinmodations given to the proprietors spread their leaves earlier in the spring, and fubscribers, will speak futhiciently for ihan our native trees and plants: and the one, and the value; and the utility of these circumstances he contends, joined the books selectod for the library, will to the general increase of plantations, Speak the industry, talents, and attention, hedges, and trees, and of permanent paid by the other to the accomplishment pasture and crops of exotic or highly evaof an object so truly defrable in the ine- porating plants, in place of arable land, tropolis.

formerly covered with vegetables only

during a few of the summer months, and To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. when in fallow not at all; together with TIR,

the conversion of cominons and wastes

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as the most eligible channel, from ing increased quantities of such as potless its respectability and great circulation, this property in an high degree; bave jo which to eirculate enquiries on me- operated, and particularly within these terology, and through which to communi- thirty-five years past, a moit effential and cate any hints which may forward this perceptible change in the atmosphere fcience; I have regretted that none of and climate of this kingdom: occafioning your ingeuious ardoblerving corre the damp, cold, and late springs, and Ipondents have publicly noticed the fummers, and the blighted crops, partimemoir inserted in your lafi July Maga- cularly of fruits and of wheat, of which zine (vol. xxi. p. 523) on the expedients complaints have been to loud and trerelorted to in France, for ditlipating or quent of late. preventing ftorms of bail &c. and the Belides recommending the correding important note at page 524; stating, that the evil as far as may be, by a ditute a plan for correcting and regulating the of such broad and early-leaving exotic anomalies of the atmohibere in general, trees and plants as can be spared; fubwas announced at Leicotter in the year fiituting the oak, ath, and beach, in place 1794, founded chiefly on the application of the elm: and tbe holly in hedges, in of electric conductors*. I am sure, Sir, place of the hawthorn, (whose evaporathat you would be performing a mott tion from the same weight of branches acceptable piece of service to all those and leaves, is stated to be nine times as engaged in such enquiries, if you could great as the former) and the leflening of procure information of the particulars of the furface of permanent pariure, (a the plan laft alluded to, and communi- thing inuch to be wilhed for, in other cate the faine in

your Magazine. respects), Mr. Williams fuggefis the proIn the mean time, I beg to call the priety of attempting by art to supply attention of your readers to fome curious the deficient quantity of electricity, in investigations on this subject, by John occalional blue mifts, fogs, and haze, Williains, efq. in his work lately publish- which now fo often intercept the fun's ed “ On the Climate of Great Britain”: rays and cause vegetation to languilh; this writer fuppoles it established by his by which electrization, according to his cxperiments, that the leaves and pro- theory, these vapours are rendered capajećting points of trees and vegetables, ble of being disolved or rendered tranfare principally employed by nature, in parent in the air, by the heat of the fun. diminishing or altering the late of at The method he proposes is, to comospheric electricity: at the fame time ftrućt such a number of electric mills in that the aqueous evaporation from the different parts of the country, each conleaves of trecs, plants, gralles, &c. causes taining many revolving cylinders or fogs, inists, and clouds, owing to the defi- plates of glass, and furnifhed with rubbers, ciency of electricity therein: it reliits whose electricity is to be collected in an from his experiments, that the leaves of upright infulated bar, extending above

the building, and terminating in a large • Vide allo Skinner's Present State of lamp, or a series of laps and points, for Peru, p. 42.

diffuting the electric fluid in the fine

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SIR,

munding vapour. By a process the used sometimes the fingular and fomereverle of the above, Mr. W. imagines, times the plural number, in bis charters; that excess of electricity in the atmo that Henry I. and II. and Stephen, inhere, in seasons of unusual drought, variably addretied themselves in the might be drawn off to the earth, so as to fingular; and that from the commenceprecipitate the aqueous vapours, and ment of the reign of Richard I. tlie occalion rain. Thunder forms he alto custom of speaking in the plural number hopes to prevent, or render harmless by has been continued without variation, there machines, when furniihed with to the present time. The formns which conduciors to the earth, for use on such obtained in France, on fimilar occafions, occalions. I shall not trouble your rea are exhibited by Mabillon, De Re Diders further with these details, but con- plomat. Your obedient servant, clude for the present, and am,

Gludampton W. M. MOSELEYER. Il estminsler, Your's, &c.

March 12, 1807. 7th llarck, 1807.

J. FAREY.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

SIE, Y your valuable Miscellany of Fe-,

bruary lait, p. 23, a correlpondent, am accused of milieprefentation. My " Inquisitor," alls “ what prince or po- whule apology thall be a liple statetentate first addresler bimself to his fub- ment of plain facts. jeas in the plural number, as we always The blue cover of last November Ice in Proclamations."

Magazine, (vol. xxii. p. 349,) announces With relpect to this point, Bishop a “ Defence of Earl Stanhope's Syitem Nicoltos, in his litt. Lib. p. 116, fays, on of tuning Piano-Fortes." But in the the anthority of Coke's Intiit

. that, the ellay ittelf the author proposes a fourth firit of our kings, who wrote in the plural way of dividing the octave; in oppofition nunber, was hing John; bis predecettors to the great principle of Earl Stanhope, writing in the singular. They used cgo which is to make the key of C, as perfect in their grants: and this king, with thote as potlible. This fourth system rejects that followed him nos.'

the biequal third of E–G Tharp, by I beg leave to obterve, that upon in- making (-I one femibiequal third, vehigation, I find this opinion to be in- and the E--G harp another; leaving correct: for in an edict of William the the A tiat to C exactly as in the StanConqueror (printed in vol. 1, of Rapin's hope fyren: and hence the beauty of !!1t.) the plural number is used, thirsugb- (-Eis entirely destroyed. oui-jalainius, zulumus, &c.

But it

To find out, or to invent, are to me another charter of the faine king, in terius vi tiwlar import, and whether the lerred in the Formulare Angl. p. 36, the four projetitions I quoted (or mifiepreungniar is used. All the charters of lented, contain real information, I thall, Hen. I. and II. without excepton, ap- alier fairiy stating the lenses in which I pear to be addrested in the lingular nun- anderiand ther, leave to the difcernber. See l'urinulare Angl. p. 37, Vi. 64, neut of impartial readers. and Vonalt. Angi. vol. i, 781 1. Earl Stunhope's System is clear and

Srintis me detile." King Stephen, perpicuous. It is fo doubiless to thote allo, in every indiance uten the tingular. who are both mathematicians and muSec Honant. Surl. vol.. i, p. 77!, and finans; but bow many persons unite Tom. Angl. p. 40, No. 68. Oi thie these two characters, is a question to other hand, Richard I, seems invariably which I can give no answer. 1:) tpeak iu the plural" Sciutis not con II. Il is uiter discovery, Tierce Wolves alle".-See Porn Anyl.p. 31: Rymer, ercepturi. Kirnberger, like Earl Stanvol. I, p. 05 and 90Nonant. Angl. hope, makes bis C-E a perfect third. vol. i. p. 782 With regard to the low far the ditonic third A flat C of pracrice of King Jobin, and that of the hirnberger and his fatter enviar1xcreigos who followed him, the obser- monie fourth E-A flat, 483) differ from ration vi Coke and Nicollon is confirmed the two bieqnal thiris vi Lal Stanhope; by ele example of several charters in are questions I referve for future inveliis serted in the works to which I have gation. I can, however, aflure the pubabove referred.

lic, that I never faw the four tierce wolves According to this statement, therefore, in their respective columns, before I it locus thut William the Conqueror, opened Earl Stanhope's work; and I

do

do therefore consider this arrangement of To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. thiofe defective intervals as new.

SIR,
III. The term Wolf is a reprouch or
I H

AVING lately, among other pametaphor as far back as Pratorius, who, pers, become poffefled of the two in his Syntagma (1014) speaks of the following, I take this opportunity of renITulf. Not having seen this book my- dering them publicly beneficial, through selt, and depending wholly on the au

the medium of your much read Maga thority of a quotation in Adlung, I can

zine. Dot fay how, or to what defect it was

To keep Crows from Corn, originally applied.

Take a quart of train-oil, as much iv. Glee-jingers may sink without turpentine, and bruised gunpowder, boil tempering: This extraordinary affertion them together, and when hot dip pieces can only have arisen froin fome milap- of rags in the mixture and fix them on prehenfion of the expression temperament, sticks in the field. About four are tuttiI therefore aik

cient for an acre of corn, 1. Docs this defcet of keyed insiruments exist in unaccompanied vocal

To Prejerve Wood in Damp Situotions. mulic?

Two coats of the following prepara2. Can occasional depresion (or esen

tion are to be applied, after which the claration) of pitch refer to any tised wood is fuljeci to no deterioration what

fyftem of time, except that of perfect ever from humidity. Twelve pounds of intervals as fixed by ihe ratios, or diri refin, are to be beaten in a inortar, to tions of the monoclord?

whicli three pounds of fulphur and twelve 3. If temperament signifies deviation pinis of whale-oil are to be added. from the jutt proportion of intervals, This misture is to be melted over the how can voices fink without ternpering?

fire, and furred during the operation, The Iluygenian Theorem, (that of a

Ochre redaced to an impalpable powder single voice singing CFD GC) has been by triturating it with oil, may then be adduced as a proof that a melody may combined in the proportion neceitary fink a comme every time it is repeated.

to give either a lighter or a darker coThus in five repetitions it would fall to

lour to the material. The firit coat B, and in four more to B llat. But Hould be put on lightly, having been Rameau has thewn, that the original previously leated; the second may be imprellion of C would preferve the pitch, applied in two or three days, and a third in defiance of the defective third D-T after an equal interval, it, from the peand Mr. Maxwell (Stay on Tune, Po be judged expedient.

culiar dampnets of the situation, it thould 213) has entered at laruc into the pro

Your's, &c. bable reasons, why vocal pertormers

JOHN MORRISS FLINDALL alter the pitch; which he attributes (l

March 6, 1307. think with great appearance of truth) not to mutical, but i anaiumical causes. To the Editor of the Monthly Augazine (see his Effay, p. 211.) Submiuing my defence to the judgment of the public,

SIR,

, an happy to lind he thinks well of indufiry and research. Sorry I anber, requeried one of your readers to that any incautious language of mine inforin hin of a method of browning should have injured his teclings. My gun-barrels; I am happy (through the object was to attract his attention, and medium of your miscellany, to point out thus far I have succeeded. Temper, to luin a way which has always praved however, thould be always preferied, succetstul. After the barrel is finished, and my couclusion shall be an extract to give it a brown colour, it is to be subfrom Paicu,

bed over with aquà-fortis or {pint of “ Violence and truth have no power falt diluted with water, and then to be over each other. Tlc former has but laid by, for a week or to, till a complete a limited and temporal course; while coat of ruft is formed. A litue oil is truth tublilts for ever, and in the end them to be applied, and the furface must triumph over all her enemies, be- being rubbed dry, it is to be polished by cause the is eternal and powerful as means of a hard brulli and a little beur God himfeit." Your's, &c.

Your's, &c. March 16, 1807. J. W. CALLcor. London,

G. A, M. Upper Grebenur-trect.

February 11, 1807,

and else candour of any adventure YPbus, having in your last num

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THE ANTIQUARY.

neybowris, and all they togider toke an No. XII,

harte. But whan they thulde deuyde To the Antiquary.

it, the Lyon spake and fayde, I shall be SIR,

eyre of the firit parte, for I am grettitt of I

HAVE taken from my portfolio two worthippe here, and the firti choyce Thall

or three little articles on curious books. yelde me the secounde parte, and the The firit relates to a work contemporary grettiit labowre ihall gyve me the thryd with Caxton: the second presents you parte, and but if I have the forth parte with an account of Fabian the chronicler: I thall breke the conuenaunte of conand the third, though of comparatively corde, and with thele wordys he began modern date, with some lingular illufira- to gryne with his teth, and fmote the tions of our native tongue. For my own growude with his tayle, so soore that all part I consider them as rarities. Your', they for tere rane awaye, and lett all the

INDAGATOR. hoole harte to the lyon. Wherby it apo

perithe that a man owith to be ware to Among the works which are not men allocyate hym self with his bettyrs, for he tioned in Herbert's Typographical Anti- tall euyr be put to the worle parte, as it is quities is an antient volume called “ The fayde in a commune proverbe, I counsell Dialogues of the Creatures moralysed,” not leruauntis to ete cheryes with ther evidently translated from the “ Dyalogus bettyrs : for they will have the rype, Creaturarun moralisatus," printed at and leue them the harde; and thertore Antwerp 1491. The letter of the Englith faith Ilope, By this exemple it is shewyd version is of a date not far fublequent. that it is not good for the weke to he The book is in quarto.

ioyned to the invghty, for he wyl not at The following is a specimen of the Fa- ali tymes be faithfull vnto layın.” bles.

The Tranilation of Atop, however, "Upon a tyme Gold went to Syluer and appears to have fuperfeded the publicafayde, Be mery brodyr, for we twayne tion of the “ Dialogues." bere the pryce amonge all othir metallys. And if we were conioyned togider, we

Of Alderman Fabian, but few partifhulde be of greate sublymyte and culars have reached us. Mr. Warton's worthype. Wherto Syluer gave this account of him, in the History of English answere and fayde, Broder thowe Ipekist Poetry, is unfavourable. charitably. But I confydre wele that thy Among the many striking contrats coluwre is reede and myn is whyte. Altó (he observes), between the manners and I remembre that thow arte of grete re

characters of antient and modern life, putacyon and imcomparable valuwre. which thefe Annals present, we inust not Wherfor I trow verely that lyke as we be be surprised to find a mercer, a theriff, denydid and contrary in pryce and in va

and an alderman of London descending loure, fo fall we be deuydid in owre from his important occupations to write wyllys. It is bettyr therefore for vs not verses. This is Robert l'abyan, who yet to begynne conjunccyon than aftyrwarde is generally better known as an historian, to make feparacyon and to withdraw us than as a poet. He was esteemed, not from the thinge that is begon: and also only the most facetious, but the mott Syluer fayd these wordis.

learned, of all the mercers, iheriffs, and

aldermen, of his time: and no layman " No wysdom it is for any man to aplye of that age is laid to have been better To compare with his bettyr, nor to steppe tò skilled in the Latin language. He flouhye.

rilled about the year 1494. In his Chro“As it is wryten Ecclefi. xii. He nicle or Concordance of Histories, from chargithi him self with an importable bur- Brutus to the year 1485, it is his usual don that joynythe hymfelfe to his bettyr; practice, at the divilion of the books, to and also hit is wrytten in that fante place, intert metrical prologues, and other pieces Be thowe no felowe to hym that is rycher in verse. The best of his metres is the than those; wherefore the philofufre Complaint of King Edward the Second; Sayth, The poreman perishith whan he who, like the perfonages in Boccacio's begynnyth to stryve with the ryche man, Fall of Princes, is very dramatically in. as Tsope thewith in a table and faith that troduced reciting his own misfortunes. the gote, the shepe and the alle uppon a But this soliloquy is nothing more than a tyme made a confederacye with the a translation froin a short and a very poor Lyoo and compenyed withe hymn to goo Latin poem attributed to that monarch, an buntynge togyder, as felows and but probably written by William of WyrMONTHLY MAG., No. 156.

cester,

Ss

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