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more than human, to the most delightful, musical emphasis of the recitative air, the best, and the noblest purposes. and chorus, is the speaking emphalis

That Gay was the author of the Acis itself, preserved with the most perfect and Galatea, is well known, as it is pub- propriety, and heightened to the most lillied among bis works. Shenttone, in confummate beauty and effect; an effect one mstance at least, composed poetry, which words alone are not capable of which was set by Handel. Hughes, I conveying. think, wrote the poetry of some of the With Mr. Marshall's character of the oratorios, though I cannot at present music of Handel, I entirely and warmly ascertain which. Not much (so far as I coincide; and in the with that the works recollect at the dittance of several years) of this glory of the art may become more has been ascertained on the fubject, by extensively known throughout the island the researches of Dr. Burney, or of Sir Nothing more is wanting to secure to Jolm Hawkins, in their Hiftories of Mu- them the most extentive, permanent, and fic: I fear therefore, that little can be beneficial influence. learnt. Handel was too inceffantly oc To this end what has been already cupied (and happy it is indeed that such for some time in progress, will affuredly was his application, and such the fruits of inuch conduce : the adapting of his muit) as a composer in mulic to have written fic to the piano-forte. The heavenly the words; even had he been more fami- composition of the air in Solomon, which liar than he appears ever to have been Mr. Marshall has quoted, is wonderfully with our language and versification. But fuited to that inftrument. And indeed in general they are excellently adapted the Pathos of Handel is not inferior to to the music, and I think it pretty evi- his sublimity. He is, like Homer, Mildent that the writers must have had con- ton, and Shakespeare, equal in both these liderable taste in music themselves, and excellencies. habit in the adaptation of words; the dif And undoubtedly the tafle and voice, ficulty and delicacy of which art rises in the car and the heart of our fair countryproportion to the excellence of the music women, merit that an inftrument of itself. Probably the late Mr. Melmoth, such perfection as the piano-forte now of Bath, and Mr. Avison, the author of is, thould be rescued from frivolities; the excellent Etfay on Mulical Expression, unworthy of itself, and equally unwormight have both occasionally contributed thy of them, to whom, when their pur

But harinonious profe seems to be yet fuits are not perverted, we are as much more suitable than poetry to accompany indebted for the melioration of our music of the highest order at least, if our hearts, as for all which most enlivens old translation of the poetic part of the and adorns fociety. Bible can be called profe, and not rather Still I would not make a general conblank verse in a variety of the free mea- demnation of the modern practice of fure of the dithyrambic kind; into which mule in this country, till Purcell, Arne, I think it might with the utinoft propriety, Jackfon, Haydn, Pleyel, and Clementi, be resolved.

w are forgotten, and fome other composers, Accordingly, in that unrivalled com- whom it might be invidious or imperposition the Messiah, the alliance be- tinent in meuto enumerate, and till tween words and music appears with Handel finks into oblivion; and into a divine luftre; both in the selection- such barbarilin I trust England will neand arrangement of the whole, and in ver fall. Music cannot cenfe to prothe appropriate tranfcendant beauty of duce the moft perfect gratification to every kind and species of expreflion the ear, and to interest in the highest which fucred music appears to admit

.. degree the noblest powers of the inind, With the exception of one word, I and the best affections of the heart; Agree in the merit of the instance which yet I do acknowledge that there are have been quoted, both as excellent in symptoms, and I fear inerenting lympmoral and pious sentiment, and in all toms, of a decline of talie. Notlung is refpects suitable for mulic. And one more likely to relift that declme, than circumftance is most truly remarkable, whatever may bring the music of Hanthat fo little of falle accent in relation. del, not only into our cathedrals, where to the words, should be found in the it places all heaven before our eyes, mazing quantity of the most exquifite but into our houses. It has the un

compolitious, by this illuftrious fading fresluncls of an immortal youth nud. ener mernorable foreigner ; while very little coinparatively is of a pature memurous and friking instances, the ever to be obsolete, or to charin the

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ear and heart less at present, or in ages an action, or to words considered as such; to come, than when first composed. as “ Darilis was vanquithed by AlexShould this contribute to advance such ander". The subject naturally denotes a design, I Mall indeed rejoice that it the sufferer, the predicate, the nature of has been written. Your's, &c. the fufiering, and by points out the erBury,

Capel LofFt. ifience of that which the mind will pa3d af april, 1807.

turally suggest, as explanatory of the

fublidiary circumstance of the affirinaTo the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. tion, the first cause of the futiering. SIR,

The preposition with has two derivaIN N No. 155, p. 235, of the Monthly tions; 'one of which, like that of by, de

Magazine, I find certain obferva- notes erijience; and hence, in many tions on the etymology and nature of instances, we find this with used in the prepositions. Thele, it appears, are in- fame way as by, but geverally with retended to militate, in foine respects, ference to the secondary cause, or infiruagainst the jutily admired, and almost ment; as “ He was killed by him with a universally adopted theory of the learned sword"; i. e. be he the primary cause or Mr. H. Tooke; but, it seems to me, agent, be a sword the instrument or lethat, as far, at leait, as the writer has condary caule; the origin, import, and thought fit to develope his own or his use of the une preposition undoubtedly friend's ideas, they are neither satisfac- tending to corroborate those of the other. tory in themselves, nor explanatory of In both equally, the insirumentality the author's system. In attacking Mr. arises from inference and the nature of Tooke's theory, it does not avail, merely things, and not from the intrinsic meanto itate a few particular derivations in ing of the prepositions employed. Aicwhich philologilis may differ, but it is cording to the other derivation, it de incumbent upon the affailánt to thew notes join or concomilaney; as in what esential parts that theory or went with me"; i. e. join me. This ex. system is, as a whole, unfounded or erro- planation of by and with seeins fu naneous. Mr. Payne's remarks are con- tural, and so satisfactory, that I mult fined to two heads, the derivation of continue to acquiefce in it, as I suppose by, and the general object or intent of the majority of your readers will, till prepositions.

Mr. P. favours the public with itronger N. Salmon", he says, “ has endea- , objections to it, than those which he has voured to prove that in many circum- as yet cominunicated through your Map stances, by derives its name from words gazine. that do not merely denote existence, I am fully aware of the difficulty which but which actually fignify operating, exists, to prove with what degree of truth creating, &c.; and that it appears as a or propriety, certain remote etymons are forerunner to whoever or whatever is assigned to many words in our language. caufing, has been causing, or will be Yet, in general, the prefereuce will na'causing, any thing to happen; for exam- turally be given to that derivation which ple, Darius was vanquilhed by Alex- presents to us such a single leading sense ander : i. 9. Darius was vanquished : or clue, as may the belt explain the re(the) OPERATOR (of this state of Darius rious meanings which we are accustomed was) ALEXANDER".

to attach to many English words. This, It would, I am convinced, afford great Mr. H. Tooke's theory, be it right, or be satisfaction to your readers and corre- it wrong, effects in a mnost wonderful fpondents, if Mr. P. would plainly state, degree; and this is not the least realou through your Magazine, that origin of wbich conciliates to his fyricm persons by, according to which it actually signifies, not thoroughly acquainted with ibe va. instead of merely implying, operation, rious languages which he has rendered creation, and the like, since many of your subfervient to his etymological labours, readers have not an opportunity of per- and, therefore, not fully coinpetent to using, nor, perhaps, an inclination to decide upon the jultice of all luis dorivapurchase, philological treatises, whichi tions. are often very expensive. According to To the new service or intent of preMr. Tooke, by denotes only existence, pofitions, as explained by Mr. P., * and, by implication or inference, primary rather Mr. Salmon, I feel as little inn agency or causation. In conformity clined to assent. with this derivation, we find it generally Prepofitions", says he, “are merely applied to the primary cause or doer of used to avoid questions likely to be pet for

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the sake of ebtaining circumstantial state- venience, into ten, contribute alike to ments".

this purpose. Whether the information Is not the object of every part of speech communicated be given spontaneously, the fame as this? Does such an office or to anticipate or prevent questions, or belong exclulively to prepositions? Does in answer to previous questions, are cir it not belong, in the fame degree, and in cumstances merely accidental or optional, the same way, to the only ellential parts and nowise connected with the intrinsic of a sentence, the subject and affirma- nature either of the essential or the contion, the noun and verb; and to the venient parts of oral or of written lanobject, whether noun, pronoun, or any guage. thing elle? When I say spontaneoutly, These few remarks refer merely to “I love her", does not I prevent the the observations of Mr. Payne, and not, question's being asked, “Who loves her"; to Mr. Salmon's works, either published, does not love prevent the question, or unpublilhed, which, as a whole, may " What do I"; and does not her prevent not be liable to that kind of ex purte alking " Whom do I love"? In the same avimadversion, to which they are exway it certainly is, and in no other, that posed, with, I am confident, 10 fuch illiprepositions avoid questions and give their beral intention, by being laid before the Information; for, if I say “I went with public in partial or imperfect extracts. John", I communicate in the same way Crouch-end, Your's, &c. two circumstances, and the meaning is April 4, 1807,

J. GRANT. "I went-join John"; or, if, giving a paflive form to the preceding example, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, I say, "She is loved by me", does by me,

SIR, a preposition and pronoun, express any active form, is denoted by I the limple of your readers who have no opporturelation different from that which, in the A Science Telecom Wight has of late expironoun In the writer's own example, nity of visiting that delightful spot, or of does by Alerander. expreis a different reading elaborate defcriptions of it, may relation from that which is expressed by fetch. Should you deem it worthy a

be amused by the following imperfect the mere noun or naine in "Alerander vanquilled Darius". Indeed, if Mr. place in your Miscellany, it is very much Tooke's theory be true, according to

at your service.

Leicester which prepositions are chiefly nouns and verbs, is it possible that they can have any other effential nature than that At morn, at noon, at eve, by lunar ray,

I could rove which they poffefs as nouns and verbs! In each returning season, through "yon ille It is true, that, when I say “I went", I

Could visit every dell, may abstain, if I please, from adding Each hilt, cach breezy lawn, each wandering more, and the reason is, that « I went”,

brook, being a complete affirnation, constitutes And bid the world admire; and when at last a complete sentence. The other part is the song were closed, each magic spot again merely subsidiary, or an adjunct to the Could feek, and tell again of all its charms. affirration, and I may either mention

GIEBORNE. it at once, to prevent a question, or, af TO the inhabitant of an inland coun. terwards, in answer to a question. But ty, who has been little accustomed to this circumstance is merely accidental marine excursions, failing down the or optional, and nowise connected with Southampton river alfords new, varied, any peculiarity in the nature or service and highly interesting cnjoyment. The pf prepositions ; for, in the same manner, feenery on the borders of this expantive it is optional to me either to declare or branch of the sea, is uncoinmonly rich to suppress, with or without a question, and diverlified. The country is well the whole of the informntion contained wooded, agreeably irregular, and highly in the affirmation itself, “ I went". The cultivated. Manlions of various orders truth, I believe, is, that the intention of give cheerfulness to the landscape view, al language is to communicate thouglit; and heighten the interest of the woods

for this end, only two parts of with which they are ornamented. Netly fare indispensably necessary; and Abbey rises from its fladed vale with fo

the parts, whether reduced to lemu grandcur. The majestic woods e di ributed for the sake of con- with which it is surrounded, open fuffi

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towers,

ciently to admit highly interesting views while the stately brocaded dames are of its' hallowed arches, and venerable employed at their looms, and the puit

The mind intensibly retraces sant knight and efquires are recounting the long lapse of ages, and imagination their valorous exploits. Alas! the spruce repeoples the scene with its former in- beau of modern days wonld with ditihabitants. Although these abodes were culty throw open the mallive doors, and often the residence of indolence, super- the delicate goflamir-clad belle could Atition, and vice, yet they doubtless were scarcely endure the fatigue of ascending sometimes the refuge of refinement, and one of the turrets, to look out at ber the fanctuary of piety, from the pollu- window. When the owner of every mantions of a wicked work, and fancy wluif- fion expećted a lege, it was natural that pers,

he should erect a fortress; but when fo Here the fill dead their holiest hours have total a change of time and manners has given.

taken place, why we should again refort A long range of the New Forest extends

to habitations only suited to the feudal on the oppolite fide with its little towns, Five woods noping to the sea, greatly

system, is an enigma not eally solved." and villas dimly seen, the whole forming a grand boundary to the view. The enrich this scene; and thould the plantaprospect of Spithead and Portsmouth tions flourish which are now ftrugling excites, as we approach nearer the island, for victory against north-west winds, the a different intereft, and the little chcar: approach to the calile will be rendered ful town of Cowes, with its busy harbour, fill more interesting, and the whole dois to the fresh-water sailor, arriving from

main conliderably enriched. the continent of Britain, a novel and

Ryde had been recommended to us pleasant scene.

as an agreeable station, and thither we The magnificent castle of Lord Henry

bent our course. The roads through this Seymour, recently erected, near East lovely itland are sweetly varied, and in Cowes, is a very prominent object, and some parts highly interesting. They are powerfully arreits the attention. It is li not open and spacious like thote of the tuated on a considerable elevation; its mother kingdom, but are narrow, windtall towers, and embattled walls, have a

ing, and often shaded; sometimes lexitvery grand and striking appearance, and ing through forest Icenery, and affuming in a tew years, when time and tempeft the appearence rather of a path to a prihave tinged the stone with a sombre

vate dwelling, than the nediuins of pubgrey, and the ivy, which is rapidly creeping up the lides, thall have shrouded funie

* The writer of the present article, would of its angles, and thaded parts of its be gratified by seeing the reasons afligned, windows, it will assume additional in- why our nobility chuse to erect cattles for tereit. East Cowes was prefered by our dwelling-houses. They were appropriated to party as a fceping place, and here we the times of danger in which they were forfound an excellent hotel, clean and nierly built; the dungeon had its victim, quiet, commanding a good view of the and the subterranean paffage its escaping tuocean, and of the neighbouring harbour, of these receffes should be made merely to

gitive : but why imitations to the entrance without being incommoded with its buftle. Lord Seymour's is the most interest- unaccountable. One of these fortreis-abodes

cover a dust-hole, or to conceal a pump, is ing object in the vicinity of Cowes; the is now building by a nobleman in the midi solemn shades of the evening were draw- of a considerable town; it is on the scite of ing around us when we approached to an old caftle, but the ground is fo circumtake a nearer view, and considerably scribed, that there is not room to plant : heightened the effect of this novel cu- fingle tree around it, and the eye is obliged to riolity, a modern catile. This building, look down on all the chimneys of the place! although not completed, has an air of Vaulted roofs, and gothic windows, ought grandeur, and produces a sentiment of to be appropriate to the apartments with awe, and of durability, which it is in which they are connected. Large folding gopoflille for manlions built in the table of thic doors, maffy, and thickly

ftudded with inodern times to awaken. But the mind ed with interelt; but what is the results

iron, muft excite attention, and will be openwants fome connecting link between the when they disclose only a scullery? Perhaps past and the present, it reverts to distant

no object ought to be fo constructed, as inages; we listen to the bard, we contem

tentionally to excite falle ideas. This is de plate the tournament, and fancy the ver the plan of nature, and whenever it is lofty halls to be hung with armour, and adopted in works of art, difgu ft Tucceeds to the long gallerics clothed with tapettry, dilappointment.

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HOMER.

lic intercourse. They are not unfire- the unfortunate persons who are drowned quently lo narrow, that two carriages and thrown athore, are buried, and here cannot pass each other: when such part of the crew of the Royal George are meetings occur, it is a universal rule, interred. When money is found about and seems generally understood, that the person, the body is deposited in conthe vehicle which has proceeded the fecrated ground, and the funeral service leaft distance, shall back to a convenient is read; when otherwise, a hole is dug opening. The spot attracting most at- in this general repository, and without tention in this ride, is Wootton-bridge; coffin, and without ceremony, the duft is the tide flowing into a small river here, consigned to its native element.*-(To forms a beautitul lake in the valley, the be continued.) borders of which are ornamented with hanging woods, and the rising grounds For the Monthly Magazine. beyond are entivened with detached cot- LYCEUM OF ANCIENT LITERA. tages and farms.

TURE.--No. V. Ryde is a neat, cheerful, little town, op THE ODYSSEY, AND SMALLER POEMS OP built on a pleasant eminence, with a fine and Gosport. It is the principal pore woh I will not be necefiary for us to detain this side the island, whence embarka- Odyssey; it has by no means so much entions are daily made for Portsmouth. The gaged the attention of the Critics as the fhore is of beautiful fand, and the bath- Iliad. Criticisin is in general produced ing good. Had a crescent been here by admiration, and both seem to have formed, as was intended, facing the sea, been exhausted on the latter poem, while the accommodations for company would the other has excited much less discussihave been much more agrecable than on. This, of itself, inay be considered they now are. The modern buildings as a fufficient proof of inferiority. Whoare so arranged, as fcarcely to afford any ever, indeed, peruses the Odyssey, will view of the ocean, and from many of the be convinced of the truth of the remark lodging-houses it is too fatiguing a walk made by Longinus, that in this poem, Hofor the invalids often to reach it. Al- mer may be compared to the setting Sun, though Ryde is one of the principal whose grandeur still remains without the towns of ihe island, there is no resident heat of his meridian beams. It contains clergyman in the place; and a gentleman none of those sublime pictures, heroic who was there on the fabbath, went at characters, of those lively scenes and anja the call of the bell to the chapel; but as mated paffages, of that impallioned eloneither parfon, clerk, nor congregation quence of sentiment and language, which attended, he entered the desk and read fucceed each other in the fliad with fo prayers for his own edification. On much energy and vigour. The Odyssey is the fea-shore, very near the town, is a perhaps a more amuling work, as poffefling large piece of waste ground, over which greater variety. It contains many in the traveller passes to foine of the moft teresting stories and some beautiful palinteresting fcenery in the neighbourhood. fages. The fame descriptive and dramaA rast number of apparent graves ar- tic genius, and the same fertility of invenrefed attention; but the desolateness, tion are still observable. But the fables the exposure of the spot, would not suffer of the Iliad are calculated to strike and exas to believe it to be the consecrated alt the imagination, while the other, by refl of those who had left the tender re- defcending from the dignity of gods and he latire, or the partial friend. On en- roes, are more likely to disgust and degrade quiry we found, that here the bodies of it. The wildest fičtions and the boldest

flights of the Ilind have yet a character of Amidt all our difficult and very expen- grandeur and fublimity which please the Gre attempts to convey the light of christina fancy of the reader though they may not inknowledge to the most diftant parts of the globe, it is much to be lamented, that more It was with concern I learned that the attention has not been paid to our own family- Humane Society has not extended its beneHa Eves in the Ile of Wight it is not volent auspices to the Isle of Wight. I was

pcommoa to meet with whole families who assured by a person on the spot, that a body The read. Sunday schools are unknown, retaining some warmth, had very recently DE MODA a respectable fociety of dir- been washed afhore; but there is no apparatus,

Newport, and the poor in the no society, no houfes of reception for the redeplorable fate of igno- covery of drowned persone in the whole illand!

fluence

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