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were brought. With her sister, however, ever book or page they are found. That she held a conversation even in the deaf-dumb children can be taught to dark; baving learned in bed together to speak, and to understand the speaking feel the different motions of the words countenance of others, is incontestable; by laying her hand upon her sister's a professor of genius will thiên, to found mouth, and thus came at a knowledge of just claims to a superior reputation, teach what she said.
his pupil to pronounce each word in the The nice sense of feeling here described language he himself speaks; to distinguisha is very remarkable, but still interior to them at once, and with precision, upoa what is enjoyed by many blind people, the lips of others; and thoroughly to unwho are said to distinguish the difference derstand the meaning of what he himself of colours by the touch. It is not less may utter, or what others say. natural to suppose, that the sight ot' deaf The time required for the complete personis may acquire a corresponding de instruction of deaf-dumb children in gree of acuteness, so as to be able to see speaking, and every subsequent useful what is absolutely evident to the touch acquirement or accomplishment, may be of any body.
computed from the usual course of nature Instances of the accidental articuln with those who retain their hearing. The tion of a few words, in a manner more or superior aptness to learn, and the eager less perfect, have frequently occurred; attention, of some children, have, in more but too often, unfortunately, from the than one instance, even anticipated the principle of instruction not having been ingenuity of the professor to whom their understood by those about the deaf per- progress has done honour. Miss Sto son, nor his ową attention guided toward Servan, now a pupil of the Abbé Sicard, the proper means of mastering the necesa, in Paris, learned, in a short period, to sary combinations of sound, until gradu- speak : although speaking is not a part of ally he should have become able to pro- the ordinary instruction in that school; nounce every word in the language at where the art of thinking, silent reading will, and of distinguishing upou the faces writing, and the language of gesticulaof persons speaking the words they deli- tion, form the principal features in the vered, the greater part of these promis course of education. And Mr. Habering beginnings have failed of the result mass, of Berlin, who was instructed by that might have been expected from them Mr. Eschke, to whom he is now an as in judicious hands. Still so encouragesistant, not only expresses himself with ing is the prospect held-out to persever- great correctness, hut, in the motions of ance, that a few words of any kind, as a the countenance, reads with instant facishime, or a prayer, may be taught many lity the words expressed by any person deaf children, without any previous as« who speaks in bis presence. sistance from elenientary instruction. It is surprising that it has been possiBy merely repeating a set of words in a ble to derive so little benefit to the art uniform manner to a pupil who is very of instructing the deaf and dumb, from watchful, and possessed of strong mimic the essays and declamations of the most powers, it is not anusual to find that he profuse orthoepists and professors of oraat length succeeds in rendering the imitas tory; seeing that the same species of non perfect.
kuowledge upon which depends the inUndoubtedly it would require more struction of the absolutely deaf, is indisthan the labour of a whole life to get pensably necessary to correct all defects through a language in this tedious way. or impediments in utterance which are A pupil may be able to repeat his prayer susceptible of remedy, and do not arise or his rhime by rote, and not understand from the loss of one or more of the rethe meaning of a single word of it sepa- quisites organs. The removal of every mated from the rest, nor be perhaps able removeable cause of defective pronun to read the same words in any different ciation, whether called obstruction, hesi-, order of construction. It only proves tation,
or impediment, staimering, stutthat h is possible to imitate articulate tering, drawling, lisping, speaking through
vby imitating the motions that pro- the nose, &c. depends upon one and the bera. Instances of the repetition of same theory; and whoever possesses the
and phrases do not entitle a art of teaching the totally dumb to speak, to lay claim to any remarkable is from that reason competent, in a super
mens anless he can shew that. rior degree, to correct any minor disapupil understand the meaning of bility; and should be to give the most word, and can read them in what- ellicetual instructions how to get the
þetter of the most minute defect in speak- here relate an anecdote of him, which ing, as provincial and foreign accents, caused at the time much amusement &c.
throughout Paris :There are about twenty different Massieu, in one of his excursions schools in Europe for the education of through the gay part of the city, was the deaf and dumb. Of this number stripped of his watch and purse by some there are five established in the United goo:i-natured dames, who never in the Kingdom; the remainder are all situated least suspected that a deaf and dumb upon the Continent.
man would tell tales. On the young The school of Paris is the stock from inan's return to the institution, he was which the greater part of the Continental brought to account for the accident which institutions for the same object have had happened to him. Massieu, it seeins, sprung. It was founded by the cele never tells lies—this was a little trial brated Abbé de l’Epée, already men for bin; but here too he was care tioned, under a grant from the king: and did enough to acknowledge the truth. has been continued without intermission, The ladies were, in consequence, brought since his death, by the Abbé Sicard; who, before the proper tribunal in the Palace through his merits in this department, of Justice, and Massieu was obliged to has obtained a cross of the Imperial Or- attend. Although this young man is der of Knighthood, the Legion of Hon such a celebrated inetaphysician, and nour, and a seat in the National Insti- writes with wonderful swiftness, he was tute.
obliged to have an interpreter present in The Abbé uses emblematical gesticu- court, and the good Abbc was required lations to develope the understandings of to fultil that ottice for his favourite puhis scholars, and convey his instructions, pil. The trial was a very ludicrous one, during the whole course of their educa- notwithstanding French delicacy spared tion. By gestures they converse with the modesty of the Abbé as far as was their masters, and anong each other. reconcileable with the ends of justice. They argue in gestures, and by gestures The ladies were censured for their mise they assist each other to understand their take, and the watch and purse recovered. other lessons, and explain every difficulty. No legal steps are ever taken in France In proper time they are taught to under- in which the life, liberty, or interest of'a stand the language of their native coun- deaf and dumb person is concerned, try in print and writing, and to write without assigning and allowing them to themselves. They are afterwards in- chuse an interpreter; a regulation which structed in arithmetic, algebra, drawing, it would be well to enforce in a counand every exercise or branch of the ma- try where personal liberty and property thematics that their friends desire, or their are much better secured, generally, by abilities fit thein for. When their school the constitution. I have heard, how education is finished, they are sent home ever, of a very fine young man, the natuto their families, or apprenticed to useful ral son of a late great statesman by a lady trades. Some of those who have dis- of quality, having been shut up in a madplayed superior abilities for the scholas- house without the benefit of any such tig profession, are retained as tutors to privilege; although his preceptor, the late the rest of these, one, named Mas, Mr. T. Braidwood, was, as I am well sieu, is highly famed for his ingenuity, and informed by persons intimately connectreadiness to reply to any metaphysical ed with the family of that gentleman, of question. Indeed, the worthy Abbé opinion that he was far from labouring seems to be remarkably desirous of push- under any mental derangement or inabiing on the education of his pupils to a lity whatever. I have not heard whether familiarity with the most abstruse points bis imprisonment was the act of his faof metaphysical speculation; and he is ther, with whom he was known not to perhaps so far right; as exercise of this agree perfectly in political opinions, nor kind, which necessarily requires a vast if he be at present in existence; but cersupply of words, and the nicest discrimi- tain it is, that no mention was made of nation between all their various mean- him in that great man's will, nor in the ings, may promote a facility of substi- subsequent arrangement made for the betuting words for thought. I do not, how- nefit of the widow and a daughter. He ever, pretend to boast of a perfect coin- must, then, be no wore. Pence to the cidence with the system of Mr. Sicard, in ashes of the dead! It will be enough my own private opinion.
for the object of my mentioning here the I have mentioned Massicu; I shall fate of thuis unhappy young man, if it
serve to call the attention of those with stand it very seriously; and that each of whom the power lies, to protect the un- them scems perfectly content with his fortunate dumb from a deprivation of pwn nick-name, which, in their ordinary that justice which is allowed by the laws language, supplies the place of the French of our country to the worst of foreigners. name, or surname. This they always
The French government detrays the write when there is occasion, without espence of the school under the direc- any allusion to the feature, custoin, or tion of M. Sicard, and the children of habitual attitude tiomn whence they derive poor persons are inaintained and edu- the individual's name in the language cated gratuitously. Parents who can at- of signs, unless you desire to know the ford ii, are required to pay a stipulated reasons upon which such a manner of sumn yearls. The gesticulations made use naming a person is founded. of among the pupils of this school are, in I have been present at several of the the outline they describe, not unlike the exhibitions of the progress made by the hieroglyphic figures designed by the an- scholars of this institution. Their exercient Egyptians to convey the images of cises are very curions, and it is pleasing thoughts and things directly to the mind. to observe the rapidity with which they Thus, a circle turned in the air, denotes, translate the gesticulated ineaning into for instance, not only that figure itself, written words. They are, almost invabut eternity also; a long line traced off- riably, exact to a synonymy. One of wards in the air with the hand, denotes them, I remember, on a particular day, distance; a line with the finger repre- wlien I was present, "toie down glory, sents length; an extended motion of the for renown, in transcribing a question band and arın designates space, extent, which was dictated to him through the immensity. The signs for persons and interpretation of M. Sicard's gestures ; things are all taken from some quality or but on the sign which he had mistaken peculiarity. A woman is expressed by being repeated, he corrected the word putting the hands, as a woman might do, immediately; and, without hesitation, ander the bosom; or drawing the hand wrote the answer underneath in the face across the knees, to represent petticoats; of the whole company. The tablet being or putting one hand to the outside of the a large square surtace of boards painted thigh, in the attitude of a woman holding black, and in front of the elevated-range ber gown in walking. A married woman of benches, the chalk writing was distinctis denoted by pointing to the part of the ly legible in every part of the examinafingers where women usually wear their tion hall. rings, in addition to the general sign for The whole then stood thus : a woman. All the names, in fact, are “ Qu'est-ce que la renommée ?" bighly descriptive, and many of them en “C'est la celebrité, la publicité des tertaining; I am sure they would .prove grandes actions." very much 50 to an arch boy who is fond Then, pausing to reflect a moment, he of what is called taking folks out. The added, as if to show that he well underAbbé Sicard's name is made by putting stood the distinction,-“ Elle differe de the hand up to the chin, with the thumb la gloire en ce que la gloire tient plus à Patended on one side, and the fore-finger l'admiration; et he se donne qu'aux actions on the other; the lower fingers closed, qui sont en elles-inêmes honnes et geneThis is a gesture which the children have reuses, aussi bien que capables de faire remarked to be habitual to the Abbé éclat. when he walks, or stands, meditating.
“ What is renown (or fame)?” Each of themelves, and of the masters, is “ It is the celebrity, or publicity, of designated by his peculiar sign or nick- great actions. It Jufers from glory in nane; one is by describing the attitude this: that glory partakes more of admiraof drawing, another is mentioned by fiac- tion; and belongs only to actions which temng the nose with the finger; another are good and generous in themselves, as by laying the finger along the nose, as well as capable of making a noise in the tirimate a very high one; a fourth is world." expressed by making the sign of a wide In iny next I shall continue the submouth, a firth is known by a fierce look, ject, and present to your readers a view &c.
of what has been done in other parts of Most of tbis mimicry is very diverting to Europe. I am, &c. sommou observers; but I can assure abe Purflect,
A, Mans. reader that the numics thumselves under May 12, 1907.
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. an account of the performance. “ The
second night (he says) was a Comedy of A w ,
mical draina in the time of James good actors from other houses, wherein the First, few, I believe, are better David Drummond, in a hobby-horse, known than the Comedy of IGNORAMUS. and Brakin, we recorder of the town,
In a translation of this play, published under the name of Ignoramus, a comat London in 1002, the author is styled mon lawyer, bore great parts. The R. Ruggles, and by Granger, in his Bio- thing was full of mirth and variety, with graphical History (Supplein. 145, 146), many crcellent actors (among whom the Ralph Rugyle; but his real cliristian- Lord Compton's son, thougti least, was name was Gcorge. Fle appears to have not the worst); but more than half marbeen originally matriculated as a member red with extremne length.” In Sir Fulke of St. Joluu's College, Cambridge, June 26, Grevil's “ Five Years of King James," 1589, and to have afterwards removed to also, is another account of its receptior.. a fellowship at Clare-ball. In 1600, we “ This year (1614) the king, by the enfind bin neptioned as one of the taxors treaty of Somerset, determined to go to of the University (Carter, p.426); and at- Cambridge, and there was entertained terwards as a benefactor to his hall, in with great solemnity; but amongst the money and plate, to the amount of 4001. rest there was a play called by the name The last we read of his honours is in of Ignoramus, that stirred up a great 1605, when, during King James's enter- eontention betweene the common lawcaininent at Oxford, he was incorporated yers and the schollers, in so much as their among the menubers of tlie sister uni- flouts grew insufferable; but at last it was versity.
stayed by My Lord Chancellor, and thie The editions of Ignoramus I have met explaining of the meaning." with are, one in duodecimo, printed at But the principal object of my letter is London in 1630; another in 1658; a to state an anecdote which occurs among third, “ Editio prioribus omnibus emen the Harleian manuscripts in the British datior," 8vo. Westmonast, 1737 ; and Museum, (Harl. MS. 980, p. 101), ac
Ignoramus abbreviatus,” 8vo. Lond. cording to which, neither the plot or exe1769.
cution of the play appear to have origiOf the translations, one by R. C. has nated with Ruggle. I quote the words been already mentioned, whom Coxeter of the manuscript, in hope that some of explains to have been Robert Codring- your Cambridge correspondents may erton (Biogr. Dram. vol. II. p. 165). amine (if it still remains) the copy in Another version appeared in quarto, Clare-ball library. 1678, under the title of “ The English “ The comedie of Ignoramus, so abuLawyer," a Comedy, by Edward Ravens- sive against lawyers, and supposed to be croft Gent. And third, forming a thin made by Mr. Ruggell, ot Clare-hall
, folio, appeared in 1736, with the follow- Cambridge, is but a translation of a coing title: " Ignorami Lamentatio súper medy in Baptista Porta, out of Italian, Legis Communis Translationem ex Latino intituled, Trapulario, as may be seen by in Anglicum."
the comedy itself, extant in Clare-hall The University of Oxford, as we lear library, with notes of Mr. Ruggell's there from the “ Rex Platonicus” of Wake, on, of his contriving and altering there had entertained James with several como of." plimentary dramas some years before. Perhaps some other of your BiblioOne of these exhibitions is supposed to graphical Correspondents may add to the have given rise to Shakspeare's Macbeth. anecdotes I have collected. But in this ihstance, Clarc-hall producer
I am, &c.
D. M.P. a drama of a more extended kind. It was originally acted March 3, 1614, and to the Editor of the Monthly Magozinc. again, by the king's particular desire, SIR, May 6, 1615. Mr. Baker (MS. Harl. 7042, p. 479) has preserved the original D. Lysops, I beg leave to remarks cast of the characters, copied by Gran- that if my recollection does not materiger in his Biographical History; and ally-fail me, for I have not any copy of among the state papers published by my own letter to refer to, I did not znake Lord Hardwicke, is a Letter from Mr. “ an unqualified assertion that the HisJohn Chamberlain to Sir Dudley Carlton, tory of Bedfordshire published by that a Turin, dated March 16, 1614, giving gentleman and his brother, contained a
considerable number of errors and inad- professional notes, drawings, sketches, vertencies; but I think I qualified the &c. that are so valuable to the boyraassertion by mentioning that such impera pher, I now inquire so earnestly for. fections were almost unavoidable in works Nothing that I am yet acquainted wiili, of this nature.
I certainly regard the in the reach of inspection, wil be ounitted publication in question as a highly re to be searched into by mne; neither painz spectable one, and I consider the public nor labour shall be spared to make my at large as much indebted to those who work as perfect as possible. Of my draw. take so much paws as dir. Lisons and ings for it I strall say nothing, because his brother bave done, to contribute to they shall be submitted in the public lila their amusement and information. The spection when the prospectus is ready errors and inadvertencies which I dis- for publication; of which, Sir, I shall take cerned, or thought I discerned, in il, I the liberty of giving you timely notice. took the liberty to point out without any Any intoriuariou as dressed io me (as invidious intention. “ Most of thein undei), whether concerning manuscripts, (Mr. Lysons says) had been noted for cor- drawings, letters, &c. or of where they rection even before he bad reaci my lets are deposited; also of where I can ter," which assuredly never would have an authentic original of Sir C's. porbeen written, bad I been aware that the trait; or, in short, ot'any account of inn same intorination had been conteved to or his works, shall receive iny hearty those gentlemen in any other mode. thanks and due acknowledgements. The
I must just add, that I never had the principa! portraits were by Kneller and vanity to consider my corrections as of klosterman, ot' which I have seen en“ much importance;" but I believe they gravings. I should be happy to know in are all well foundel, except in the in- whose possession the paintings are. stance of the title of the eldest son of the Have only to add, that if the public last Duke vi kent, which I aluays un encouragement shall keep pace with the dersiood was merely Baron of Harold; private promise of support that I have albut, upon the authority cited by Mr. Lv- ready received from many gentlemen of suns, there can be no doubt that the consequence in the architectural profestille be bore was that of Earl of llaruld. sion, and others in private life, 110 exThe property possessed by Lady Lucas, pence shall be spared in having the enthe present representative of the bent gravings executed in the highest possible family in the county of Bedford, is in style of excellence.
I am, &c. duubieilly very larve; and perhaps might 19, College-Hill, JAMES ELMES. have been inentioned with the other Lonilon, Dec, 11, 1806. greatcolates spect din my former letter, is constituinga distinct class. It way pose To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. sibly servelu obviate any mistake, to say, SIR, that in the estimate of 40,0001. per ann. R. (unberland, in his interesting an'l upwards, I meant to include the cstates of the Duke of Bedford, Lord St. lease whichi authors enjoy of their own Jolm, and Mr. Whitbread. I am, &c. works: vet twenty-eight years of copyBedford,
W. BELSM. right can be the lot of few writers; sunMuy 3, 1807.
gular, indeed, must be the good fortune of
that author who lives to lanent over the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. extinction of his prulits
, but not of his
fiume, on seeing his work become the uniB
EING engaged in measuring and versal property of the booksellers.
delineating ihe parts at large of St. In truth, there is no countıy in Europe Puui's catedral, London, I wisti to illus- where literary property has been so well trate my work with such authentic ac secured as in England; or where alle counts of it, and of its illustrious arch:- thors have been wore richly recompenstect, Sir Choristopher Wren, as I can ob. ed. The currercial value of literature Lain ; but I fear ibnt of the learned ar has been very much on the increase of chitect will not be so explicit sunt utilise late years; and when we know that inore as I wisli, unle-s I obeun furtha u d'u than a thousand pounds has to gainments of him and of his works than I cl hy a facetious work, but remican yet discover. Much relativc matterl nentiy so), wbich has bit the pudie boue am aware is to be found at Oxford, and inour; that the same stun 1 given for in some of the public libraries in Lena a single poeu tiom a miter whose meriis Jon, c.; but it is of his private life. His So.be ww dispute ; and thout two, and even Molly Mac, No. 137.