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beauty of the scene. A winding path blended with the wild majesty of nature. conducts down the Chine to the shore. On the other side, the slope is planted The rocks on each side of this magnificent with laurels, &c. and at the bottom a entrance, forin a curve, whose base thick grove, reared by ibelland of nature, the sweeping ocean laves, adding so- overhangs a pellucid lake, ted by a stream lemnity to grandeur.
so celebrated for its purity, that “forThe road from this place is extremely merly in passing this place, the seamen interesting: it winds circuitously over used to lower their topmasts in reverence long and steep hills, sometimes approach- tost. Boniface, its patronsaini." Through ing so near the Alpine precipice, that a the grove'runs the public road, where degree of solemnity, if not of terror, travellers are dimiy seen winding amongst mingles with the grand sensatious it in its shade. Beyond that is a mass of grospirės. In some parts a few paces only tesque rocks, tossed in a style of irregular can be traced; and it appears as if the grandeur, from the range of mountains carriage must either ascend the clouds, which back the whole, and now forming or be precipitated into the ocean. Thus a barrier to that world of waters abuse are expectation and fancy kept fully waves treak at their feet. The cliurch awake, till we enter on a scene which of St. Boniface stands in a shaded receis imagination never dared to picture. 'nearthe shore; and the whole is enlivered Feeling is at a loss for larguage in which by pasture-ground with cattle 2!azing, to describe the extraordinary combina- and fields of ripened harvest. The lawn tion of the romantic and beautiful, the commands the whole of this scenery; grand and ibe subline, which that won which cannot be adequately imagined, derful phenomenon, a land-slip, presents. por fully described. St. Bonitace CotAn iniinense range of mountain extends tare, the seat of the lughly respectable on the riulie, on the left the ocean : the Nir. Birdler, is an elegant retreat, in a intermediate ground his licen rent troin recess beneath the same range of rocks, that abure; and detacieri cottages, scate and partoling all the beauties of the tered hamlets, little ficliis covered with
On an eminence opposite the corn, and waving woods, are intermingler house, a covered seat lords an extenwith a magnificent chaos of rocks, aud sive view of the boundless ocean; and a fill the valley: Tuuous sensations fine terrace leaiss on to other views, and of delig!! rush on the soul at the con oilier scats, till it terminutes near the templation of a scene like this, which church. musi be felt in order to be comprehen Mill Bar is an interesting cove, a mile did. The Inn justly renonunded Steej- or two bevond this scene. A considerhill, (as the house is placed at the foot able fall of water rushin' down the rocks, of an almost perpendicular incuntain,) turns a mill in its course, and then preafforded us an agreeable balting-place; cipitates itself into the sea. A two-bas by a short walk we could revisit this erincu's buts on the neighbouring bank; enchanting scenery, and with feelings huge fantastic limbs of trees stripped of more calm, contemplate its beauties. their bark, and placed in the grourd, on
The little village of Ponchurch, is at which are suspended fish to dry for the the entrance of this striking valley, and winter; and boats moored in frunt; are here the hand of Taste bas created
very picturesque objects. Lady Eof the most lovely retreats amidst the Tlias litted up a small cattive near wild. Nr. Hadfield's is singularly inte- this spot, which is finely sheltered umidst resting. The house is situated on a rock, woods and rocks. Throuch the former, and halt-concealed by a luxuriant shrubs and on ledges of the latter, to which a bery. A long level space on the rock flight of almost perpendicular steps leads, admits an irregular lawn, to which a she has cut private close walks, impera shader walk from the house leads; a vious cren to a mid-day sun, which leal little elegant painted pavilion is placed to a neighbouring sent. 'oni the green, commanding a tine view of Lord Dysart's Paradise is situnni the sea, and of the intervening vallev.
amidst On one side of the lawn, irregular masses of rock appear half-covered with wild folinge ; and fitile devious paths wind
* Could this lady have beard the boat. about the stoep, Jeading to places which beio:v, just at the crisis where her coltage wa
men, who were towing a party in the day attord extensive views of hold projections on fire, exclaim, "Ah, it were no setter i of rock, there we meet a shade and at Lady F. - was in the midst," he id seat. Tlus happily are gardun-beauties probably learn to restrain that incalgence on
ACCOUNT OF THE COSLAVY OF FIRINES
amidst a romantic part of the under cliff; For the Monthly Auguzine.
The house is concealed tul we come close to it, amidst
Fas est et ab hoíte doceri. wouds and rocks; and a long trellissed DNGLISII literature abounds in pulun front; which opens on a knoll, around curate information on alınuti every thing which the ground has been cleared, for either uleful or intereiiing in the city of the creation of gardens and shrubberies. Paris. There are, however, fome Tube Steps cut in the rock and overarched jects of contiderable iinportance in that with shade, lead to the wild fantastic capital, concerning which the accounts scenery on the mountains; amid whose of our tourists are far from being taristacbroken crayys a way has been forroed, tory. One of these is the means used to without doing violence to nature, by present the spreading of contlagrations. which a park phaeton may ascend to Ii the police of Paris has fome features their utnost summit. In a most retired which an Englishuman muti abhor, it also and romantic situation, half-sheltered by is remarkable for a few regulations that masses of projecting cliffs, is a sort of deterie commendation : among the latter rural pavilion ; which, by its little Gothic is undoubtedly to be clatied le Corps des windows, and crucifix on the top, as- Pompiu's, or Company of Fireinen. sumes the appearance of a cilipel, or It is on record, that in the course of hertage. There are a stillness and a so
year 1805, from January to Septemdemnity in this scene, peculiarly iinpres- ber, upwards of three hundred houles in sive, and
Paris caught tire: yet of all these accidents “ Meditation here wight think down hours toually ignorant; because even where the
the majority of the Parisians remained to moments."
greatest danger appeared, not a fingle Iu different parts of the grounds are cot- dwelling was totally laid in athes, owtures simply clegant, where gardeners and ing to the exertions of the firemen. In labourers reside; these give interest and the above number are
not compres cheerfulness to the scene, and mamfist bended lume cqually dangerous accithie benero character on the noble dents of tire that happened in cellars Posessor.
filled with combustibles; and in whicha The whole of this ride bencath the the lames were extinguilled with such under cliff, is sublime, beyond all that expedition, that molt of the inhabitants fancy has picturce. The stupendous of the very fireet where the contagraberuht and varied forms of the dark-grey tion broke out, heard uoniin of it. Leit CUT, rowering in awful majesty above; the writer thould be tulpecies of exas the rich and lovely landscape in the geration, he thinks it not improper, in valier; and the road blue deep, swelling this place, to relate what fell under his on the shore; ull combine to produce a own observation. When in the year 1305, scene which cannot be adequately deli ho retided in Paris, a fire broke out, in neated. Its effects on a wind so happily the cvening, two doors from the house organized as to feel it in all its power, where he lodged. All prefent deemed cannot be better described than in the the danger to be inminent, especially following language : 4. The majesty of as the adjoining boule was occupied by the sccue, very much heightened by one a drugyist, who kept in his cellar a quanof the most glowing and beautiful suu- tity of gunpowder, together with a varie. sct I ever beheld, quite overcame me. ty of combustibles, which, it was dreadI went as a new idea of the power and ed every moment, would catch fire. The imcusity of the author of creation shot firemen arrived in time sufficient to check across my soul; and silently adored the the blaze; and by the exertion of their Bing who coull create a scene so sub- skill and intrepidity contined, and, in the time, and tune the human heart to sucher- space of a few hours, totally quenched quisite sensation."-(To be continuell.) whole times, whichi, perhaps, in any
other city, would have consumed whole expence, now so lavishly bestowed on her streets. During all this time the writer numerous tribes of dogs and cats; and endea Hits sirting quictly in his room, without T908 to secure that refined and sicred plea- the lali knowledge of the danger which sure, which must result from ju sicios eiforts menaced destruction to the boule of his to benefit her indigent and suffering fellow- Deighbour.
In most towns and cities of the Conti.
nent the general is beaten, and the ed; and to instruct them in every thing
alarm bell lung, to roule the inhabitants that related to the art of quickly luoduthe moment when any dinger from tire ing great fires, as well as to atix m pat appears. In Paris 10 fuchi precautions lic places a liti of engine-huules, and of are nied; for this plain realon, leit the the fireinen dwelling in the immuuediate vipickpockets and the rabble in ge!ieral cinity of them. Government, however, fiuzuld therehy be invited to repair to the rete rend the privile ot examining tre spot.
quently into the itie of the engives; and The writer, ftruck with the immense dining tuch of the tiremen as advantages derived by the inhabitants of found either not to bare received indequate Paris fiom a company of fireuen, who inftrneton, or to have been from home act with such invariable succeis, thought on the breaking out of any coniugracion, it worth while to enquire into the bistory In the year 1722, the tire-en, es at of the Corps iles Pompiers at Paris. de Paris were augmented to thirty and tlie lays the result of his enquiries before the fireven to Oxty: the latter recen ed a.lv public, hoping that it will be found to particular dretles, betides the nelmets be contain fome useful information.
tore 17 entioned. Du Perrier undertook Before the people of Paris entertained to erabbith eigl.t enginc-otlices in ditlerany idea of the utility of fire-engines, the ent parts of the city, where the folose frequent contayrations cauled luch havoc ing implements were to be kept: 117. tiin their city, that it was no unusual oc tech long ladılers; uxteen lung callesi currence to behold not only freels but fixteenlarge iron hooks, for the purple of entire divisions or wards laid in athes. pulling down houles, if necellany; thirty Bron Felibieu's History of Paris, we may pickaxes; tiuity shoveis; thirty axes; thirlearn that on the breaking out of a tirc, ty iron Crows, to pull up the paveme:lt; indicad of deviling means to extinguith it, thirty long clifels
, to opeii the water-pipes the faints were inplored for their power- lying under the pavement. The engines, ful alifance. All forts of incantations together wiih the receffery carriages were retorted to; and in general the de- to forward them, were to be kept in pouring flames were not arrefied, till the thirty locked theds. To enable Du Pertutelary faint pronounced bis veto; or, in rier to meet all these expences, he was ta other words, till the fury of the fire met receive the fum of 40,000 livres, and anwith fome obitacle.
nually 20,000 livres. Ils fon siicceeded François du Perrier, a player of Pa- him in the fuperintendance of the fireris, having marle a tour through. Holland engines of Paris. In the course of time and Gerniany, and learned there the use this establishment was considerably inof firc-engines, brought models of them proved; and, in the revolutionary year 7, back with himn to France. Immediately when the company of tiremen received on his return he communicated this new a new organization, all its foriner regue invention to the government, who grant- lations were confirined. ed hiin letters patent, dated October 12, As foon as a fire breaks out in Paris, 1699, by which he was authorised exclų. every citizen is not only authorizerl, but lively, to manufacture and tell tire-en- bound, to call the firemen of the next ttagines throughout France. From tic tion. There are forty-one stations, die wording of the patent it may be inferred, tributed in all the quarters of the city. tlrat, before that period, the people of Every inhabitant knows them, as a litt Paris had only ufod buckets to extinguilla of thein is printed annually and fuck up houses on fire ; it is also probable, that in public places; betides, they are catily the first fire-engines had no carriages, as found, having the following infcription they were liyled pompes portatives, or painted on them in large letters: www. portable pumps.
pour les incendies, (Allistance in case of In the year 1703, a new eilabliment fire), of fire-engines is recorded, which was On the first intelligence of a fire, the placert under the direction of Du Perrier. fuperintendant of the station bastens with It conlisted of twenty engines, for which his men to the spot, taking ulung with lum he was allowed 6000 livres per annam, on the perfon who coinmunicated the intel condition that lie thould keep the engines ligence; for it it fould turn out to be in thor sugh repair, and pay two and thir- untoundeil, either froin wanton m.fchuel, ty firemen a fum amounting annually to or any other inotive, the informant is 2,400 livres. He engaged, belides, to pon- detnined: a very proper precautiou, tince vide for every tirem a bonnet or helmet, cvil-minded perious inight, für tinuter in order to their being calier distinguill- purpules, concert a koberc for wifunbling
all the firemen from their itations. This, horses of the rubbillr-carters, or by thore however, is now almott impracticable; twr of any carter or wagyoner that is met firemen who are very diltiint from condan with in the firect. The latter are, on 119 gratious, must not leave incir itation, ex account, permitted to reture their hortes cept by order of their respective tuperiors. to the director of the fireinen. Oi the arrival of the firemeu neareit to ter-carriers, too, keeping carts, are, on any bonte on tire, their chiet' endeavours reqmntion, obligeu to convey their catis, to afcertain, wliether be will want further tilled with water, to the place of contiaallittance. If he does, and no other divi- gration, and to replernih them at the next lions of tirevien have arrived, he fends retervoir as often as may be julged nefor thein, by immediately giving notice cettury. A water-carrier; who, atier reof the fire to the inspector of police in quiiition, theuld retule tu drive to the the adjoining dilirict. The latter, on re- place of danger, would be liable to lule ceiving this notire, is bound to repair im- bis license to vend water; a very impormediately to the spot, having delired the tant loss to him, as the good-will of luch attendance of a detachinent of troops, a bulinefs inay'be dilpoled of for twelve to keep order and secure the property of hundred franes and upwards. The mothe citizens. When the foldiers arrive, ment that the rubbilli-carters, wagyoners, they are distributed into separate parties; or water-carriers, arrive at the place of some help to extinguish the flames, others danger, they are placed under the orders carry buckets or demolish the walls of of those invested with authority and are rooms, if necellity require it, and fome constantly attended by a follier. are employed in guarding the effects fa After the tire, the owner of these horles, ved, or in superintending those who in consequence of a certificate from the band the buckets to one another. At director of the firemen, receives for evenight, the chiet of the company of fire- ry hour in the day seven fols for each men should likewise be preient at every horfe, and in the night ten fols. The fire, but generally be dues not arrive til water-carriers, however, have no claimu he is apprised that the danger is immi- to this remuneration; in place of whichi,
they, on producing a card, Itamped and From every barrack in Paris, each of signed by the Comunitary of Police, are which is furnitled with from 50 to 60 entiiled to eight centimes for every two buckets, a lergeant with twelve arried buckets of the firit calk which they have and i welve unarmed inen, without wait- conveyed from the quarter where they ply. mig for orders, repairs, on the firit alarm The relt of their attendance is paid by of fire, to the spot with buckets. Nine the hour, in proportion to the hories eniothers are dispatched to carry informa- ployed. tion to the distant barracks. Belides, I'he buckets of the next repositories are every guard-room in Paris turniihes its alivays, under escort of one or tivo folquota of men.
diers, conveyed to the fpot and delivered When a fire breaks out in any other to the Comminary of Police, who immeplace than the chironey, or when the diately appoints the neceflary number of flames of a chimney menace to extend intpectors over them. Theic are relpontithemselves to the reit of the building, the ble for the buckeis, and take care to pret cominander of the next military poit dil- vent their being carried beyond the cirpatchcs messengers to the miniiter and cle formed by the troops on duty. prefect of police and to the etat-major, in All was and tullow chandlers, living order to intorm them of the apprehended near any holde on fire, are obliged, ou danger; when it is incumbent upon them, receiving notice, ip keep their shops open, without delay, to attend, and to bring in order, xerecably to a written order of along with them the hydraulic engineer the Coinnillary of Police or the director and the architect of the city of Paris. of the tirement, to timnith the flambeaux
The commuillary of police and the di- and tire-pans, ihat may be wanted for rector of the firemen illue orders to the the purpose ot' affording fuilicient light to fentinels; they nlfo direct the julpectors thule who are engaged in fubduing the of the wells and reservoirs, to open ein flanes, Thele requilites are paid for hy inmediately; and to give free access to the profecture of Police. All architects, every water-carrier or other citizen, who bricklayers, carpenters, tilers, and other presents a card Gyneil by the commilliary nechanics and workmen, whom the coin. of police. Certain large tubs, always millenty of Police tluuks proper to turafilled with water for supplying the fire-en-won, are compelled to appear i:omedigines, are conveyed to the pot by the ately, with the impleinents of their re
spective trades. On producing a certifi- gine-houses in Paris, each containing cate from the commissary of police, their two enymes, together with two or three work is duly paid for, according to the capacious tubs, which are always kept estimate of the architect of the city. tull of water, and placed upon carriages. If the danger be such that the people The latter are calculated for two horses, employed are likely to receive bodily in- and stand in constant readiness. A tised juries, the presence even of the next phy- number of firemen is appointed to live sicians and surgeons is demanded, in or near these repositories, and directed neder to afford speedy assistance to any ver to yo out to work but when person who may have been burt.
breaks out in their own district, All expences incurred on account of Beside the usual fire-engines, tliere are any conflagration, are discharged by the also some forcing-pumps, placed on city with scrupulous exactness; and bonts, and stationed in the river Seine. every refusal to obey any requisition Their utility is at present more circummade in times of danger from fire, meets scribed than formerly, when the sides of with rigorous punishment.
the river were crowded with houses. Fomcrly, the inhabitants of the houses The fire-buckets are made of wickeror apartments where the fire originated, work, lined with leather. They are of were liable to a considerable fine; but very long standing, and even now thought this practice is now abolished, as such to be of a quality tar beyond that of the persons, for the purpose of evading the sctiux de toile impermeables d'Esquinetinc, were apt to conceal the danger, and more; the latter having, on repeated triattempt themselves to extinguish the tire, als, proved less water-tight than the in consequence of which the firemen former. were not called till ile ugovernable In every quarter of Paris, and even on fames gave the neighbours warning of the Boulevard, all around the city, there their danger; whereas the fireuen, if are posts contaming water-pipes, which called immediately, might have succeed- are intended for the watering and cleaned in suppressing its growth. At pre- ing of streets, bridges, public garders sent, the conmissary of police is simply and walks, in hot dry summer days, directed to enquire into the cause of the as well as for the iminediate supply of the conflagration, and make his report ac- tubs, when emptied of their foriner concordingly; but is, in the course of his in- tents. In cases of emergency, tlierquiry, he discover premeditated malice, gurds, * contrived in every strect, are the incendiary is, very properis, called opened, and the leather bose, designed to account for it. Extraordinary negli- to convey the water into the tubs or cogence is likewise punished: if, therefore, gins, screwed on thevi. a chimney catch fire in consequence of The kather pipe of every engine is S16 being very foul, the person to whose feet long, but, by means of several Boom it belongs cannot escape being screws, it may be shortened at pleasure fined.
an eighth, fourth, third, &c. as necessity The fire-engines now in vse are fitted may require it. on fuur-wiseeied carriages, and resemble Most of the firemcn now employed are one another exactly, even with respect to skiltul ani courageons men, who are intlie leathers, pipes, and screws. This is debted for their expertness in extinguishdone with a view of enabling the men to ing the most alarning fire's to the excelsupply any defect which may arise during lence of the regulations which we have their work. In the space of one hour, stated, and suii more to long pracore. they discharge 400 buckets, or twenty Thair intrepidity is far superior to that of tons of water, propeiling the paid to the tilers and isrislayers, who, though iran height of one bundredi feet. Arthe tak- quently mounting the tops of the highest ing of the Banille, a man, standing on an liudiscs. have yet been found to be of leeminence of forty teci, was forced, or rit- ile use in the extinction of fires; for, ni. ther shot, cuku by them into che ilames. fected beyond weature by the uncorn
The water-backets, wheels, carriages, monsielt or tunes, threatening them on pipes, screws, values, r**errns, and pistons, are as yet manufactured by their * Apertures which are purposely left open respective workmen; but the making of by the workmeo on laying the water pippie Wiese articles will, in future, constitute with a view to their occasional examir.alian. part of the einployment of the trenten They have usually no other covering than cheinselves,
strong pieces of timber, formed into a 14a3ra, There are now tirec-and-twenty cu
a slab, ur an irou plute.