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To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. I should also be glad to know if

any SIR,

account has been published of the natugazine for November last in time to any, in what work it may be met withi. make an earlier reply to the request of a Derby, Your's, &c. B. A. correspondent, relative to a preparation December 25, 1806. of the vitriolic acid, for cleaning tanned learlier.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. The receipt was intended for a prepa SIR, ration of the vitriolic acid only. The R. Walker, in the Principles of Promuistake arose from purring dowietlie Lunciativa prelised io luis Dictite nitrous, instead of the vitriolic acid: thieldly, says tiat the regular sound of the receipt ought to have run tis :

dipisthaug eu is that vi te; and gives the Take balt' a pint of water, a quarter of follomy in a calabigue of words in winch a pint of vitriolic acid, &c.

that sound is build:-sti, tea, mead, The specific gravity of the acid should pleaci, kes peab, freak, appeal, hvat, lica, be 1,830.

cream, ckail, dean, chielp, read, det', I beg leare also to repeat, that it will tear, peast, lease, beat, heat, sleazy; be more sate on all occasions to go over uncay. the leather first with soft water, which In ihe words which compose that cabaring in soine measure saturateii it, talogue, I bave er considered the dipbprevents any corroding effects whichother- thung eu as a structly proper dipohony; wise might be experienced from too tie- wirici (ccording to Mr. Smi's dean:quently repeating this powerful men- tion, quored loy Mr. W.) is, [ww simple I am, &c.

vocal sounds utierod by one and the sale Hinckley,

J. W. emission o. breathi, and joined in such a December 2, 1806.

manner, that each loses a portion of its

natural lengida: but from the junction To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. produceth a compound sound, equal in the SIR,

tune of pronouncing to eitlier oi tim I

my reading, learned that the sun but one syilable:" and with all detifuner, by a proper process, is capable of rence to such bgi authority is Jir. producing an oil equally cacelient as Walker, and the late Mr. Gairich (bin that which is brought from Florence, and coud not tied any difference in ibe used here for sallads, &c.; that the dregs sounds of flea ana jler, meat and weet, or husks which they remain are superior though we in Yorkshire cun), I am to many other articles for fartening pigs nevertheless of opinion, that ea is a proand poultry; and that the flower, when per diplitions, according to the pregrowing, possesses in a great device the ceding very accurate definition; and properties of purifying fuul air,

ought, in every word of the catalogue beThe air of my neighbourhood not being forementioned, to retain the sound, which salubrious, I have succeeded in recom to me, appears to be so essentially its mending its growth to my neighbours. own; aur wbich, I think, will be frond, Those which I have ever since annually on comparison, equally agreeable to the raised in my own garden, I have found tu car as its substitute ee; and besides, it produce seed ubich by my fowls has al- tends to keep up a just distinction beways been preferred to their ordinary food; tween words of diferent meanings. but the experiment of extracting the oll

Your's, &c. have never made, though not from a dis

KXARESBURGENSIS. belief of its poesiblity.

I am, &c.
J. M. FLindad. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine,


ENTION made inere

than once in your Miscellany of of your

readers could give me sore late legislative measure respecte ion of placing sprigs of belly and ivy in to any one who will inform me ndiaitut our churches, and wie windous of our micasure is; for I know thot of uus ore dwelling houses, a: Christmas, I should be tuin, or even notice of a mottu, on that greatly wbilgid ! y dicir communicating it subject in either Louse of Parliament throw the mediul of your valuable during last pasion. Certains the rinay Miscelalay.

wave been such gotice, and I way net buic


seen it in the papers. It appears to me

informed, that the indefatigable Dr. that, although there inay be some objec- Olbers, at Breinen, has, on the 29th of tions raiseri against an interference in March laut, again discovered another mutters which may be called quite of a new planet, to which he has given private nature, and which perhaps it may the name of Vrs!ll.

[hure subhe thought that the pulpit rather than the joined the observations hitherto made legisiaiüre shoud correct, still where of this planet; first by Dr. Olbers himthere is already a legislative in:erference, selt, at Bremen; and those mide afteras is the case with post börses, &c. &c. waris by the astronomer royal, Professor the same objections cannot be brought Bole, at the Royal Observatory, at BerbrwardIt generally would be a fair ob- lin. Ict of such mterference were there a Mr. Bo le tells me, that this planet law. passeit to restrict the number of was first discovered in the north wing of mies wbich a post-horse shuulil go in one Virgo; that it belonged to that group of day. Miglit not the Diasters of post- planets, which revolve round the Sun, borses be liable to lose their licence to between Mars and Jupiter; that its size let burses for inisconduct in like manner appeared to be that of a star of the sixth as keepers of public-houses are?

magnitude, and might be scen with the Quere. When and by whom was the nakell eve; that its present place was annual sermon on Humanity to Animals, between 3, 6, and o, me ; that its prescut which is preached at Southampton, instie motion was still retrograde; but that it tuted? Your's, &c.

Soon would become stationary, and after An occasional CORRESPONDENT. that it would yo on forward in its course,

or orbit.

Your's, &c. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.


St. Alban's-street, Pall-Mull, OUR astronomical readers will do

May 18, 1807.

You be tre highlig gratified by being

Obser putions on the nea Planet, by Dr. Olbers at Bremen.

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For the Monthly Maguzine. quietly restored to her father, and that REMARKS on the MORGANTE MAGGIORE Moryante and Margutte, after expeof' LUIGI

riencing all the bospitality that they had W '

kingits and their fair companion their way in search of Orlando. In the through all the particulars of their pil- course of this journey, the latter of these grinage, (which however is not void of boon companions comes to an end not very salisseinent) we will suppose the lady bervical thougla well suited tv bis former

put upon him.

life ; for he actually bursts himself with the grief and despair of the unhappy laughing at a trick which Morgante had Gerard who belolds him for the first

time then already dying of his wound, Our traveller, now left alone, soon after contain a great number of beautiful cirarrived before the walls of Babylon; cumstances for which I would have found where he met Orlando, to the great de- a place if I had not thought myself to light of both, and where, by his personal have dwelt too loug already on the minor strength and in a truly giant-like manner, parts of this poem, and did I not basten he made the Paladins masters of the place, to the grand catastrophie, in which the and set the crown on the head of his whole strength of the poet is shewn, and noble friend.

for which lie begins io prepare us by This is the last action of the hero whose many bold and abrubt prophecies of apnaine is given to the poem. The Pala- proaching evils. dins, tired of inglorious ease, were alrcady

I therefore basten without ceremony on the seas in quest of new adventures, over the meeting of Anthea with Rinaldo, when a storm overtakes them ; and, to who has conducted ber to Babylon, and lighten the ship, Morgante leaps over- placed her there upon her father's t'vone, board on the back of a dolphin. Borne and omitting entirely all mention of the by this strange conveyance, like Arion of many other adventures which the Palaold, he comes sate to sbore; but, when dins encounter, and the wanderings of just landing, is bit in the heel by an Rinaldo and his brothers through Africa enormous sca-crab, and shortly after (to and Egypt, proceed to the tatal war the inexpressible grief of the christian that was kindled throughout Pagania champions) dies of the mortification that against Charles and the Christian Eurensued. Orlando erects a monument for pire. him on the strand, enumerates all his The restless Authea, whose love for virtues in an appropriate epitaph, and Rinaldo bad wasted away by time and finally has his body einbalmed and sent absence, but whose spirit of oibition back to Babylon to be interred.

and conquest encreased with her years, In the port at which they are now had long considered the Christians in arrived, the Paladins are attacked by no other light than as the murderers of a vast host of Pagans, the subjects of the her father, and her own hereditary cneEmperor of Massa. The rabble is soon nies. Marsilius, king of Spain, bad defeated; but a valiant youth who is formerly been obliged, much against Lis among them still keeps the field, un- will, to submit to the power of Charles, horses Richardetto and Oliver, but at and the irresistible valour of Orlando, Inst, presurning to encounter Rinaldo, but had always watched luis opportunities is overtbrown by him and desperately for rebellion and revenge. These two wounded. The generous Paladins, who powerful sovereigns joined in a league admired liis youth and courage and pitied against France; and the Empress of his fall, took all possible care of, and at Babylou soon poured juto the devoted last succeeded in reviving, bim; while country an army of 50,000 soldiers. Orlando discovers by the letters marked This war, however tremendous in its on the pummel of his sword that he is commencement, did not terminate su of the house of Clermont. On enquiry, fatally as the C'lıristians had began to the youyg man informs him that his name expect. Marsilius preferred walling to is Aldinghieri; that his mother was the see the success of first impressions; and, fair Rosaspina, who brought him forth owing to his weakuess and timidity, the on the sea-coast, and educated hiin intrepid Anthea was overthrown. Ia among the Saracens; but that she had the dreadful batile to which Paris was, always told him that his father was on this occasion a witness, Charles liinie Gerard of Rousillon, a near relation to self was tigheig on borseback wird his the famous Paladios of France.

good sword Joyeuse, the scine rah purple Alding hieri from this time becomes with the blood of Pagans and Christians, one of the most interesting characters but the victory was owing to the invece in the rornance. His first discovery to ble arm of Orlando, aided by the gallant his relations the Paladins, his introduc- and affectionate Baldwin, who thonek a tiou at the court of Charles, to which sun of Gano) trad always detested the they conduct him, his expedition to treachery of his father and attached lige Montauban to see his fallier the ve- sell to the l'arc and fortunes of the first verable Geraril, los denth (overpowered of the Paladins. Authen may pires to by numbers of the infamous Maganzescs) ear to the solicitacions of Marlies to



continue the war, bit humbly receives Gano unfolds his project, which is that the blessing of the Christian Emperor Orlando shall be invited to Roncesvalles, and returns with all her remaining forces (a spot commodious for the purpose, to Babylon, while Marsilius continues being among the Alps, and on the frontiers to delude the Christians by feigned nego- of the two kingdoms,) there to receive tiations and waits for further oppor- from the hands of Marsilius the tribute tunities of vengcance.

which, after a former war, he had engaged His designs were furthered by the to pay, but had for many years neglected; blindness and obstinacy of the enipcror and that Charles himselt shall be requested himself, who had at this time not only to meet the Spanish prince, after this restored the traïtor Gano to his favour, ceremony is completed," at the town of "but, contrary to the advice and earnest St. Jean au pied de Port, there to accept entreaties of all his court, sent him as his homage for the crown he wears, and his ambassador to the court of Saragossa to settle the remaining articles of the to negotiate the peace with Marsilius. peace on a firm and lasting basis. Under By this rash act he signed the destruction this fair exterior, Marsilius was secretly of Orlando and all his noblest Paladins. to arin all the forces of Pagania to second The traitor's first care was to confirm his design; and then, after dispatching Marsilius in his hatred to the Christian Orlando (which, they flattered themselves riame, by representing the demands of must be an easy task, engaged as he Charles as to the highest degrec insulting would be ainong the mountains), Charles and degrading. The first article (as himself and all his court would be at the delivered by Gano) was a change of mercy of the Spanish monarch. religion, to which Marsilius answers by Scarcely was the plot announced, a very extraordinary fable: “ I was when a thunderbolt descending from once informed that in a wood ncar the clouds destroyed a laurel close by Saragossa there is a cavern, straight and Marsilius's seat; and, at the same instant, Tarrow at the entrance, but very spacious an apple was shaken from the Carob-tree in the midst, where six pillars are erected, and tell upon the head of our second each of which is guarded by a peculiar Judas; but, not daunted with these spirit. These pillars are typical of the fearful omens, the treacherous king and sir Religions; that of gold is the principal count sealed and ratified by oaths their and the purest. The others are of silver, bloody bargain; and Gano, returning to brass, iron, tin, and lead. All souls, Paris, delivers the magnificent presents previous to entering on their corporeal of Marsilius, together with the treacherous habitations, must here make choice of proposals that they had invented, which their faith; and, in making the important are, by the generous and unsuspecting choice, are beset by the guardian spirits emperor and his knights, accepted with who throng round them, ench with a great joy anrl willingness. desire to make them embrace their own Malagigi alone, of all the court at particular pillar. The souls, yet simple Paris, suspects the sincerity of Gano's and ignorant, but having by nature a mission, and retires to Montauban, there freedom of action, are generally deter- to discover by his art the secrets that he mined by the force of these solicitations wished to know. A dæmon named in their choice; and, whichever of the Astaroth, is raised by his incantations; pillars they embrace is typical of the a dæmon wise, terrible, and fierce; not religion they are to follow through life. a familiar" spirit, but one of a higher Happy are they who embrace the golden Order, and black as his native hell. He pillar!" I do not remember having any for some tinue affects disobedience and where met with this metaphysical chimera contempt; but, being at last brought to before; nor is it easy to discover the reason by the terrors of the magical ring, peculiar application which Marsilius, discovers to him that his cousin Rinaldo or Palci, mennt to be derived from it. (iu, whom alone Malagigi confided to

However that may be, the traitor - avert the impending evils) is at that having secured Marsilius in the train of moment viewing the pyramids of Egypt thought in which he wished him to in company with his three brothers. In ruinnin, drew him aside the next time answer to his enquiry concerning the they buutud together to a retired place, suecess of the proposed interview at abere, close to a fountain, there grew a Roncesvalles, he tells him, that Gode Carol (the species of tree on which alone knows all things, and that no Pendary tradition, asserts that Judas creature, not even the son, is omniscients shor hung himself). In this fit place but, that the air is full of spirits, and. as MAG. No. 157.

3 L



that all kinds of signs, portents, or pro- for it. It appears now like a star of the
digies, are visible among the celestial sixth magnitude, according to the ac-
bodies, which incline bim to imagine count,
that something most tremendous will

R. A. 1790 12' 30"
Part of this speech was sufficient

D. N. 120 57' 40" to alarm Malagigi's Catholic faith, and It will consequently be seen in the his demands on this subject are answered part of the evening most convenient for by the demon in a long train of theological observation ; and, advantageously from and metaphysical reasoning, the tendency its vicinity to the earth, and withi a fine of which has inclined commentators to star to direct the eye to it. attribute this cantu (its I before observed). VEGETATION SUSPENDED. to Ficinus, or some other philosopher of I have a fine plant, the double Saxi. the aye, and a favourite with the great. frage (Surifrugum grunulatum) now in Astaroth, however, concludes by pro- great beauty. In May, 1804, it flowered mising to fly with a fellow-demon over in my study. It withered after flowering, to Egypt, and bring Rinaldo and Richar- being exposed to too much heat. I let detto in three days to the fatal ground it remain pertectly dry, setting it aside of Roncesvalles, Ile then takes his in a shacy part of the room. About Icare, and darts rapidly away like a stone sixteen inonths after, I took it out of the from its sling, or the thunderbolt itself; would; and with difficulty found one or and the earth trembled with his motion. two of its small bulb-like tubers less than

Meanwhile, Orlando took his stand at half the size of the seed of a sweet pea; Roncesvalles, logether with his dear which I replanted. It soon revegetated; friends, Oliver, and Count Inselmo, and powered weakly in 1800; and, very was soon atter joined there by Berlinger strongly blossoins at present: it has lost (a Paladin who is marked through all nothing of its doubleness. The “ Leicat che Italian romances by the epithet of Scintillula forsan," should never be forgentle, il gentil Berlinghieri), by the gotten. It is of most extensive applicabrave and honourable Astolpho, by San- tion to vegetable and animal lite, to sonetto, a youth of Damascus who had political and moral reform. become a Christian out of love and ad

ATMOSPHERIC VARIATIONS. miration of Orlando, and by the faithful These hare rarely been so great, from and atfectionate Balriwin, who had been cold and wet, to heat and dryness (most decorated by his father with a vest of intense heat for the season,) and again king Marsilius, which (unknown to himne back to cold and wet. selt') was a mark agreed upon between From a succession of snow, and of that monarch and Cano to protect hiin chill days, the inediuin of the first three through the ensuing massacre froin the days of May, was 701; the thunderfury of the soldiers. The innumerable storm, Saturday the 20, would have been host of Pagans was by this time fast ap- no common one even in July. And now proaching, and Blanchardin the principal we are down again to the ordinary teligeneral of Saragossa sent before with peratute of March. CAPEL LOFFt. presents to keep up the delusion of the

Troston, May 6, 1807. Christians, and make sure of Orlando's awaiting the issue.---( To be continued.) For the Monthly Mugozine.

For the Monthly Alagazine.

GENTLEMAN who has made this


N commencing this account of the attention, liy his annual publications, Lite and Pocins of Virgil, the writer has favoured me with the position, within is perfectly aware that he is treading on these few days, of the Olbers planet; very common ground; and he alımest and by which, as it is so bigh in the despairs of presenting either novelty or system, (between Mars and Jupiter) and, interest to the reader. Virgil is an Auconsequently has little absolute motion, thor very early placed in the student's it may be found for some weeks to come. hands, and is more known, and better Its present situation in a clear part of understood, tıran any other writer of att the beavens, between the head of Vir- tiquity. There are few, indeed, whose go and the tail of the Lion, is uncom- classical studies have noi enabled them inonly favourable; thore being few stars to comprehend the lnoguage of thuis Port, in that region that could be mistaken more particularly in bis Encid. The



A sublime study an objects of general

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