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Iwo thicknesses, each ihree quarters of an only fit for persong of good courage, and inch thick, cut to a round form, about who are not afraid of their hands. The eighteen inches diameter, crossing cach « feuiher-beds, or mattresses" would other, and screued together, to prevent also be very nseful. beingspolit (if it should be struck hard on The last remark, on “the secure mode the pavement;, tu which I had a strong of going into a room full of smoke” (to staple, wih ten yards of strung smell appearance), is not only very useful and cord; I then had an iron rod, about half sale, but bas lately (iiighly to the honour au inch thick (round; formed into a ring, of a person, no fireman) been so very or loop, of cigiteen inchis clear diame- usefully adopted, that common justice de

liben got strong canvas, like thin manis it simuld be known. The bay-lott sivil-clotti, full t yard and a half square, 01 er the stable or Mr. Lee, a builder in Barnet into bas, which was Duended Chiswell-sireet, was on fire; Mr. John round ble deal bottom, and well Lound hing, who lives at No. 108 i! Shoreditch, at tum, Tulu the iron hoop, which come was passing, and perceived the snoke; he picted it. I then lind a well-inade, pli- basicned to the place, where he found able rope, about titiy feet long, well sc Mr. Lee, in great distress, with very little cured, with a triple bold to ibe hoop, or

Tie immediately got up into ring, and thus, by coiling the porc pru- the luit, the smokeissuing very thick; he perly round a bed-po-t, then to have the crawled on his hands and knees, found person to be let down in the bag, which wirere the fire was, moved the trusses of so soon as they step on the bottom, the bay and straw, on each side, frou it, retag to be drawn up, which would reach turned to the loft door, got water as it tu the neck of a grown person, who was put for hum, in pails, and actually would have to bold (to stearly thein) by damped the fire presently, so that, the two loops of small cord fastened to the the smoke abating, he was enabled to buop, banging inward; then the person raise himself to an erect pusture, and put who is to manage the business, hoists the the tire completely out. This is a coyo bag just clear out of the window, the rageous and truly patriotic conduct of a swall cord at the bottom falling directly stranger, at what might be deemed the to the street, and be there held by some hazard of his lite, though with no other one, or more, to steady and guide the bag injury than some little scorching of his in its descent, 50 as to prevent its being hands and some small damage to his impeded by any cornice, projection, bal- clothes. Mr. Lee was so sensible of the Cumy, or even the palisades of an area. goodness of the act, that he immediately The person managing the rope is to let made him a gratuity (which, with relucout, or ease gently and regularly, but yet tance, be accepted), assured him of his fue with expedition : when the bag has reach- ture friendship, and explaining the mated the street, any strong person can litt ter where he was insured, the directors all logether, and take it to an opposite presented Mr. King with ten pounds as a house, the door of which we will sup- reward for his active zealous conduct. pose already open, and some female rea

“Go thou, and do likewise." dy, with proper wrappings, to enfold the rescued persons, and convey them to a

Thus we we find it not even necessary

to wait the arrival of a salamander, but The instant the law is empty, the spec- any man of courage, which must be protator in the street calls, pull up, the bag duced by that knowledge and the convicascends with celerity and safety, even to

tion of the safety, may do the like. the windows in its way, by the guide cord

I would advise a man to go in with his being held below. All this could have hat and coat on, first wetting the hat aud been done in three minutes, or less, and arms as it would prevent a light burst of sepeated in as tew, if necessary, the last flame from catching the hair

, or shirt, person then leaving the bag out of the which is very liable, it dry*. window, close to the cill, into which he

Your's, &c. gets, having first coiled the rope, holding

BENJAMIN COOPER, it in his hand, with a good noose, and

Surveyor to the Royal Exchange then, by letting out the corn (with bim in

Assurunce. the bag), he goes down as easy as he let the others down).

* The salamander having been deemed To “ the knotted rope" I readily sub- fire-proof arises simply from his being enabled scribe my approbation, except that it is to throw a constant moisture on his skin.

3 Y 2

For

room.

RICA.—NO. XVI.

For the Monthly Mugazine. 80 rich, that the original proprietors, be. OBSERVATIONS made during a TOUP, fore they could agree in the division of through the UNITED STATES of AME- it, were compelled to add other lands as

a distance, less valuable, so as to reduce SIR,

the lots to a medial value. In truth, the INCE my last, the country I have soil is a perfect marrow, and, as may be

attempted to introduce to the at- expected, the trees lotty, especially the tention of your readers has become more elins, which are very beautiful and me interesting than ever, in consequence of jestic. Hemlock is far from being a com. its having been made the deposit of mon tree in the neighbourhood of Labs stores and provisions, said to be collected Eric; but in this towusbip there are two in support of a traiterous design to di- beautiful groves of it, most charmingly vide this Union, and for the formation of adapted for specnlation and reflection; a western empire, under the direction of the widely distended arms of these trees, Adam Burr, late vice-president of the intermixing with each other, the dark, United States, the metropolis of which yet everlasting, green of their tobage, was to be New Orleans. Although these producing a glooin, never yet illummed letters are not intended to investigate by the solar ray, and which, when cupsuch schemes, yet the author may be per- nected with the eternal silence of the fomitted to say, that in a nation self-go- rest, is highly inductive of that state of verned like this, where the laws are mind, which, perliaps, is the most grateenacted, by the immediate representa- ful, and which is well known by the teru tives of the people, on whom they uqually of castle-building. Those who can tee act with their constituents; where no and estimate this state of mind, need individual is exempt from the obligations seek no more favoured spot for its clof law, and where the sovereignty is ac- joyment than the neighbourhood of knowledged to be in, and used for, the Grand River, as it passes through the benefit of the whole; where, in one township of Harpersfield. word, eguality so correctly exists as in It was on the 15th of May dat we the United States, every such attempt wandered on the high and robianuc clifs requires the most decided opposition and of Grand-River, or, as it was called by detestation. In a nation so governed, the Aborigines, Geauga, in Harpersheld; such etorts resemble suicide, and no lan- the grass being then at least bitten guage can be used sutticiently strong in inches high, and the river at an immense their reprehension. Were they unsup- distance below, dashing over the rocks; ported by foreign force, their machina- the bigh cliffs covered with lotty timber, tions might be despised as the effect of and the river then crowded with muskadisappointed ambition, of hopes which linge. (This tish is, I believe, not known hypocrisy and selfishness have blasted. in natural history by this name, or, at There is reason to fear that the traitors least, spelling; but is as good as cud who bave contemplated this infamous when salted, and resembles veal uben project have received, and expect more, fresli). In order to get to the river, we foreign aid. That it may prove unsuc- had to lead oor borses down a vatural cessful, is not only the wish of every pa- stair-case, along the rocks. Having triot citizen of the United States, but crossed the river, and ascended the other must be of every philanthropist who can side, high in air, perched on an enormous understand the progression of the prin- elm, at ihe point of a high rock, for the ciples of civil liberty in this country, first time I saw seated in solemn dignity Part of Mr. Burr's vessels, ammunition, a male and female bald, or Anerican provisions, &c. were deposited at Beevor- eagle: at the immense distance they town, and have there been seized by the were from us, they seemned but as two all-penetrating activity of the adminis- white specks, surrounded by the verbal tration. On this occasion, the attach- foliage. The earth was as generally ment of the constituted authorities and covered on this day with a small red citizens of the state of Ohio to the berry, resembling, in taste and appear. Enion, has been not less conspicuous than ance, the haw, as I erer saw your mere honourable: they have fally proved that, dows with daisies. It is fixed on a sinalthough a few ambitious individuals may gle stem, is called winter-clorer, much attempt to mislead a nation, a happy sought after by the Indians, and said people will never resist their governinent, strongly to indicate a good soil. a contented people will never rebel. When we first arrived at Harpers,

We proceeded from Windsor to Har- field, it contained but twenty-seven famipersfield. The land in this latter town is lies, but thirtech others arrived be me

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we left the country. Vessels of one hun- to leap our horses over, to the no small dred tons burthen bad then been built in bazard of our necks, inore especially when this town, and sent into the lake. At on the other side the horses' feet were Windsor, land averaged at three dollars received by a soft, sloughy soil, to the per acre: iu Trumbull township, which eye apparently firm, but trom which it is between Windsor and llarpersfield, was often ditficult to disengage the anibut on which there were then no resi- mal. Nature appears to have supplied dents, it was not more than two dollars; the lands on the banks of Grand-River whilst at Harperstield, without improve- with a most valuable and inexhaustible inents, five dollars was asked, and more

As I had no test by which to for that which was cleared, in proportion ascertain its chemical qualities, I shall to the nature and extent of the iviprove- only observe that the lofty banks of the ments. Trumbull towuslip is stony; but Guaya (Grand-River) seem altogether the stones appear as if spread on the composed of a bluish marl, which, when earth; are generally round, and vary in rubbed between the fingers, feels oily, size froni a man's head to a hogshead. and dissolves very readily, and almost

At llarperstield we met with a very in- entirely, in the mouth. Such a soil may, teresting nan: his naine was M'Dougall; probably, one day be in as much demand he is a vative of the State of New York, for mechanical as for agricultural purabout forty years of age, and born blind; poses. In a new country like this, inohe resided with his sister, who had lately ney may be supposed scarce: simple and emigrated. His blindness appeared con- hospitable inanners therefore prevail ; no sequent on a turbid whitish fluid, which ostentatious display of wealth depresses seemed to be contained between the honest industry on the one hand, no poiris and the cornea, which appeared for sitive poverty compells unmanly suboris. ever in motion, and thereby prevented sion on the other. If, however, the trathe rays of light from operating on the veller sees not much either of gold or silretina; but what rendered M.Dougall ver, he has plenty to eat, most hospitably most remarkable, was the intelligence he tendered, as well as ot' spirits of different possessed, and the vigour of mind be dis- kinds and milk, with good beds and bad played. He was not only conversant pillows, in very comfortable log-houses, with the history of his own country, but warmed in winter by immense fires, at of that of Great Britain, the late revolu- any of which, when night comes on, he tion in France, and the defects which has a hearty welcome to all he receives. induced the fall of the ancient republics. It is true, their fried bacon is to me an He well understood the principles of law unsavoury mess; but if nothing else ofas established by Blackstone, and the fers, its constant attendants, chickens and improvements in chemistry introduced eggs, may surely satisfy any man: if not, by the French philosophers. Of mild venison and bear-meat, both of which are and nodest manners, happy in good and very sweet and good, wild turkey, and kind relations, esteemed and belovedghry various kinds of fish, may easily be prohis neighbours, he seemed little to re cured. Perhaps it is a subject of just gret the loss of sight. Most blind people regret, that the day is so rapidly advanare cheerful; he was peculiariv so: and cing wbeu luxury will extend the effects the few hours I passed with bim were of its baneful influence to this happy not only entertaining, but instructing country; when manners, no longer simJle did not, however, I was told, depend ple, must give way to ostentation and upon his retentive powers for bringing a pomp, and the frippery and gewgaws of person a second time to his recollection, foreign nations be preferred to the neat, where the voice was not familiar, but on the homely, manufactures of domestie feeling of the hand: of this I had after- industry. May, however, the day be far wards a prvot; for meeting him when distant when the honest yeomanry of the he was unprepared for such a rencounter, Connecticut Reserve exchange the solid although he recollected baring before blessings of equality, bi nevolence, and heard my voice, he could not recall my urbanity, for the splendid nothings which name, or where we inet, but on shaking avarice toils for, and the spirit of liberty hands, immediately remembered both. detests.

Proceeding from larpersfield to Aus Arrived at Austenburgh, we stopped tenburgh, about nine mles, we found ihe at a house of a puritan, of the true old road most horridly muddy, often ohe Cromwell breed. We were very hungry, structed by the falling across it of timber and dinner, consisting of chickens, eyes, of inost enormous length. These we had bacon, and custards, was presently, and

neatly,

neatly, served up. The dinner was township is so exactly in the centre of nicely hot, and the day cold. With eager Guaga, one of the new counties into anticipation I placed myself at table; which Trumbuli has been divided, that but a l'eprimand from mine bost soon set there is no doubt of its beiny, during the ine on my legs again. Alas, Sir! with

next supuner,

made the seat of justice for all these good things before my devouring that county. In consequence of this eyes and empty stomach, I had to under- expectation, and of die oulier advantages go the tantalization of a grace, more than which it possesses, the whole of the town. half an hour long; and, perhaps what ship, except three hundred acres, retainwas as severe a penance, to be mig!ıty ed by the original proprietor, bas licen careful how I looked, lest a wicked leer purchased by a company, who bare laid from my companions should unbinge my it out in the following manner, viz. one gravity. Tine and patience, however, hundred and tifty lots of two acies each, got the grace to an end, but the dinner was in the centre of the township, forins the spoiled; after, however, eating what we towa of Jefferson; the immediate sure could, a second grace, equally long, set rounding property is divided into three us free from the bondage of the table. hundred lots of eight acres each, and the Heartily tatigued which might came, we land situate further troin the centre into went to bed; but were scarce asleep, one hundred and titiy lots of echty acres, when we were awakened by psalm-sing- each share-bolder being entitled to ono ing, wbich continued for about an hour, town-lot, ivo eight-acre lots, and one and which was repeated before the eighty-acre farm. five acres in the towa Fun was up. Never having been ex are set aside for public buildings. There posed before to such outrageous devo- are also six open squares in diterent tion, my sinful spirit little brooked it; parts of the town, of half that size. Foor nor could I avoid a wish, hitherto grati- two-acre town-lots are set apart for the fied, that rel gion might never agam spoil endowment of a school; one is gires to niy dinner when hungry, or my night's the first Christian congregation estab'Test when fatigued.

lished therein, and one to a person who Five miles niearer the lake than Aus- erects, a brick tavern of certain dingtenburgh lies the 'lownship of Jefferson, sions. The latter lot has been accepted, then without an inhabitant; though, it I and the building is about to commence; judge right, destined for future impor- nor can any oubt be cutertained of the

It is a very beautiful tract of advantage of the situation by those who land. In consequence of an error in the consider the importance of the fisheries original survey, it contains about eighteen between Grand river and Ashtabula, thousand acres. The east branch of the which hereafter must supply the Olio Guaga passes througb it. It is also weil country, or the quantity of lake-salt, both watered by several rivulets, and must be of which will becessarily pass through the great thoroughfare by which much of Jefferson. There are at this moment the Ohio country will be supplied, is even but eleven resident families in this town now supplied, with lake-lish and salt. ship; twenty-four are about to remove There are inany valuable mill-seats in thence from Maryland this spring, a few this township, and very beautiful situa om this district and Virgmis, and seves tions for houses. The timber, which is ral from the states of Connecticut and large in proportion to the richness of the New Jersey. Jefferson, therefore, bids soil, is here enormous, though princi- fair soon to be an important town. pally inaple, poplar, and beech. 'I am Eighty-acre lots in Jefferson are now satisfied many of these trees arise with- on sale, at five dollars the acre; toweout a branch one hundred feet from the lots; in good situations, at twenty dollars earth; and are, at a mau's height, from the quarter of an acre, and the fiehl-lota thirty' to thirty-three feet in circumfe- are considered as well worth ten dollars

We measured one, a chesnut, each. rudely enough to be sure, but so as to It is a beautiful ride of twelve miles give an idea of its girth, thus:-One of from Jefferson to Lake Frie, on whose our party had a common one-horse- shore we arrived the 16th of May. In chair whip, to the lash of which I ticd order to arrive at this immense inland my pocket (a common bandanna silk) sea, we had to cross the Ashtabula ritet, handkerchief

, yet the whole would not It divides the township of Jeffersut from circumscribe the tree. In Jefferson that of Ralfsville, so called atter the there is a beautiful Hemlock grove, of eldest son of Gideon Granger, the present frum five to eight bundred acres. This post-master-general of the United States

Is

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rence.

It occupies the land between the river sear, where they gave battle to the Brio and the lake, and the dashing waves of tous and put them to flight. They were the latter were long heard before our Cerdic's nephews, by a sister; and he eyes could penetrate the forest, and dis- being a Saxon, no doubt from Dittinguisti its waters. Was I to compare inarsh, is a proof of the great intercourse, the as yet uncultivated shores of Lake triendship, and connection, that subsissa Fre with any part of the coast of Enged Letween ihe two nations, the Saxons lund, with which I am acquaintexi, I and the Futes. Vithgar was the inost swuld say the contour of the country warlike of the two brothers, and therefore most resembles the lands between Croc inuch beloved by Cerilic. The Britona iner and Mundsley, in Nortolk. The bad in that battle ranged their troops in same high craggy chuifs, a siliceous sand very good order, parily on a vuntain, (studded, however, with wild pease), as partly in a valley. Their shields were beautitul as the other, the saine grand also finely adorned and gilt; but when water prospect, and waves beating and it came to combat, they were easily des foaming in a inanner similar to what I fented. Shortly after, Arthas had sucbave otten observed in that weighbour- ceeded to the throne, no doubt while be hood. Our first visit to the lake was wils engaged in the Danish war, a great very unfavourable; the rain poured battle took place (A D. 519) between down in torrents, our compass would not the Britons and Cerdic, with his son traverse; suddenly night overtook us, Cenric, at Cerdicsford, now Charford, a and we were lost. We travelled near fording place in the river Avon. The four hours before we found the path Britoos fouglit well, and the battle lasted leading to the Ashtabula; our horses till night, when a complete victory was were jaded, and my friend's sunk beneath gained by the Saxons. From this time his weight. A distant light soon cheered is reckoned the beginning of the kinge our worn-out spirits, and a bumble cot- dom of Wessex. Atter Arthur had retage received the weary wanderers. On turned home, he was engaged in twelve the hearth blazoned the crackling tagyot, battles with the Anglo Saxons; one but, alas! one room was all the house of them was fouglit near the river Doucontained, and that was already occupied glas, in Lindsey; another in the Caby filteen persons. The kind bostess, iedonian forest, a third on the Badonian lowerer, provided us with cues, bacon, mountain, in the last of which 8 10 Saxe chickens, and whishy; after which we ons tell. In many of these conflicts Are converted the funnels from under our thur wiss engaged with the two brothers, saddles into pillows, and attempted to Colunin and Baldulph, whoun Langhoro, sleep. Tiis, hnever, the novelty of my no doubt rightiv, supposes to have been situation, the sharing of sume of iny Cimeu and Pieting, the sons of (Elia. fellow lodgers, the talking of others, adil. These two, Colyrin and Baldulph, as soon ed to the holl w rorring of the winds, as they received intelligence of the death the solema peal of the thunder, and the of Aurelius, are said to have come to Brie grunting of the hous, from which we tain with a great turce, from Germany, were only separated by a thin partition, probably fruin Saxony to the south of the as well as the otticious kindness of our Elve. They attached the northern parts hostess, prevented iny indulging in; and, between the ifumber and the sca at Catha lest I should furce some of your readers As soon as Arthur heard utihis, he into a premature nap, I still conclude marcheit against the city of York, which with the customary assurances of the they had taken. At the river Douglas it estcem and respeet of

caune to a pitched battle between the dlerindriu,

R. DIYMORE. Britoas on one side, and the Saxons, Picts, Jun. 29, 1807.

and Scuts on the other. Arthur gained the

day, besiegel Colyrii in York, and ore For the Monthly Maguzine. Jered Cadver, Duke of Cornubia, to atCONCLUSION of the ACCOUNT of the Set tack Baldulph, which he did with sucher.

TLEMENT of the ANGLOSA Xons in BRI- fect, that Baidulph was routel. Yet the TAIN, Extracted and translated from latter contriveri to join his bruther in the Danmark's Historie ved P. F. Suhm. besieged city; he had his hair and beard

N the year 514, Stuf and Vithgar shaved, and tujk a harp in lois band: thus two jutes, who on this occasion are called and was in the night hoisted over the wall counts, perhaps Jarler (or earls), caune into the city, where he gave an account with three ships, and landed at Cerdic- to his brother of the situation of their af

ness.

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