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March. Sir George Etherington, « Will'ın Forman gave to the frater." knight, of Yorkshire, out of Thuinas nitie of St. Sythe in the said parisbe, for Threlkill's house in Leaden Porch." the tynding of an obite, and for the sus

Holeburne itseit is noticed in the Domes- tentacion of a prieste, a meswag' per day Survey, where the king is said to annuin. xxxvijs. ind.” have two cottages, which pay xxd. a year The following short extracts from a to his vice-comes.

roll of the Church-warden's Accompts In the fifth year of Edward III. between the 16th of October, 1477, and (Chart. 5. Edw. III. Ibid. ann. 10, 40.) the 16th of October, 1478, will throw the Manor appears to have been granted some little light not only on the expences to the family of Le Strange: and in of the time, but on the ceremonies which 1386, it passed from John le Straunge, were performed in this as well as other lord of Knokyn, to Richard Earl of of the larger churches, Arundel and Surry, and to Alice and

Receitts and Gyffis. Eble le Straunge. Their mansion, if

« Item.

Gadird for Seint Kat'us they had any on the spot, was probably light. iiijs. vd. re-built by the Southampton family, and " Item.

For two tapers for Cotton's became afterwards Bedtord house; the yer ininde, vinjs. site and gardens of which have been of 6 Item. Received of the principall of late years occupied by different streets. Furnival's In, for xij gallons and a quarte

Tanner, in the Notitia Monasticu, of lampe oyle for the lampe in the refers to a charter dated so long back as chancell. xiijs. nijd." 1287, in which the grant of a place near

Paimenttes. IIolborne, where the black friars bad before dwelt, to Henry de Lacy, Earl of

« Iten, In Judas Candill, 1 lb. xd. 06. Lincoln, is recited. (Chart. 15. Edw. I

“ Item. A taper weighing xijlb, for m. 6.) Henry de Lacy died here in good feleschip the makyng xjd. 1312; and upon its site the older part of

“ Item. A paskall weying xxxjlb, for Lincoln's inn has since arisen.

the makyny ijs. vijd.

“ Item. The Advowson of St. Andrew's ap

Our ladie lyght v tapers pears to have been given at a very early weying vib. q'rt the makyng ijl. ob. period by a presbiter of the name of

* Item. V tapers for Seyat kat'en, Gladerinus, to the canons of St. Paul, in weying viijlb. iij gjit, the makyng jijd.ob.

« Item. For rushis and brede, and ale trust, that the convent of Bermondsey should hold it of them; paying a yearly on Palm Sondai, in the rode loft ind.

« Item. To the clerc for colis to acknowledgement of twelve-pence at the cathedral. Henry I. confirmed the wacche the sepulcre iiijd, donation by his charter, and it continued

" Item. For flaggis and garlands, and with the monks till the dissolution under for a brekefast to them that bare the llenry VIII. after which, September 15th, torchis on corpris dai xipi xvijd. 1545, the Advowson was given by the

“ Item. For birche and holine to the king to Sir Thomas Wriothesley, after- rode loft ijd. wards Earl of Southampton.

It con

“ Item. For xixlb, tallowe candill tinued in his descendants for a number xvnjd. of years, and is now in the possession of

" Item. For xij gallons and a qrte of the Duchess of Buccleugh.

lampe oyle, price the galon xiiijd." Among the certificates of colleges and

The tower of the church retains the chantries, in the Augmentation Office, original buttresses at each corner. dated the first year of Edward VI. is one

Within the altar rails is an inscription which mentions Holbourn; and states

for Doctor Sacheverell, who died rector, that at that time there were a thousand 1724. how selyng people in the parish; as well

NEW TEMPLE. as that Sir Nicholas Barton was parson,

That it was the wish or rather the and his parsonage worth sixteen pounds first intention of King Henry III. to have a year: assisted by a chantry priest who been interred here is more than clear, as had forty shillings a year.

appears from an original deed of Henry, An earlier return ofchantries states that, branscribed in one of the chartularies be

Amy Edyman and Johu Rowell by longing to the priory of St. John of Jetheir laste willes gave unto the parson rusalem. The date of it is July 27, 1285, and church-wardeins of the said parish his nineteenth year. There is another to fynde a priest, landes, and tenee also which relates to the future interment mentes per annum. xii. vijs, viid. of his queen. By a third deed, dated at

Windsor

Windsor two years after, he founded a “ Wakefield Tower.-Or Bloody Tower, chantry here for three priests.

against the gate, a prison lodging

Artillery Tower.-Or Record Tower, DUCK LANE.

adjoyning to the bloody tower. From a passage in one of Oldham's

* Nuns Tower.--The prison over Cole satires, Duck Lane seems to have been Harbour gate. famous for refuse book-shops :

Lanthorne Tower.— Part of the And so may'st thou perchance pass up and king's lodgings, under which is a prison down,

lodging with a door next the low gan And please while th' admiring court and dens." town,

MANUSCRIPT CHRONICLE OF LONDON. Who after shall in Duck Lane shops be In a curious old manuscript, entitled thrown."

“Miscellanea HistoricaCivitatis London," TOWER OF LONDOX.

preserved in the public library at OsA particular of the naines of towers ford, is a list of the mayors and sheriffs and prison lodgings in his Majesty's from the 15th of Henry III. to the last ļower of London, taken out of a paper year of Henry VI. accompanied by mis of Mr. William Francklyn's, sometime cellaneous particulars. The following Yeoman Warder, dated the 16th of are selected from it. It formerly be March, 1641, as follows:

longed to Mr. Upton, the editor of " White Tower.--TheWhite Tower, or Spenser. Cæsar's tower, belonging to the office of “ Edward I. anno 24. In isto anno the Ordnance.

Rex Edwardus cepit castellum de Edyng, Martin Tower.-Martin Tower with- borgh, in quo invenit regalia Regis Scoout the Byward Gate, belonging to the torum videlt sedem regium, corobam porter of the Mint.

auream et ceptrum que oía oblata sunt “ Ro Tower.---The Byward or Round Sancto Edwardo per dictum regem apud Tower, over the Byward Gate attWarder's Westmonasterium in Crastino Sancti lodgings.

Botulphi. « Water Gate Towers.-Water Gate “ Edward III. anno 34. In isto anno Towers, over the water gate, Warder's xiiij. die April, s, in crastino Pascha, lodgings, formerly belonging to the king's Rex Edwardus cum suis fait ante Ciris fietcher.

tatem de Parys quo die tanta fuit frigi" Cradle Tower.--A prison lodging in ditas et nebulæ densitas quod quamplures the low gardens, where the draw-bridge sedentes super equos moriebantur. Unde was in former times.

usque in hodiernum diem vocatur le blak “Well Tower. A prison lodging in Monday. the corner of the low garden towards the “Richard II. anno 3. In isto anno circa iron gate.

nativitatem beatæ Mariæ quatuor galeæ The tower gate, leading to iron gate, iniinicorumAngliæ venerunt ad Gravesend a warder's lodging

et combusserunt maguam partem Villa “ Iron Gate Tower.--An old ruinous ibidem, place toward St. Katherine's.

- " Henry IV. anno 7o. In isto anno Sal Tower.–At the end of the long quidam vocatus Travers, valettus regius, gallery, a prison lodging.

arestatus in camera regis et suspensus “ Broad Arrow Tower.--Upon the apud Tyburne pro intoxicatione sur wall by the king's garden.

uxoris. “ Constable Tower.-Betwixt captain «Henry IV. anno 15. Isto anno morie Coningsby's and Mr. Marsli's, a prison bant omnes Leones infra Turrim Lond. lodging.

existentes. Martin Tower.-Over against Mr. !" Henry VI. anno 18. In ista anno in Sherborn's house near the green mount, die Sancti Botulphi ante festum Nativt a prison lodging

tatis Baptistæ quidam dominus Ricardun Brick Tower.--By the armoury, The Wyche, vicarias de Hermottisworthe, fait Master of the Ordnance lodgings, degradatus apud Sanctum Paulun el

« Office of the Ordnance Power by the combustus apud Turrim Londini propter chapel.

Witam suam heresin. In quo loco homines et & Beauchamp Tower - Cobham Tower mulieres de London in maxima mulucubetwixt the chapel and the lieutenants dine, reputantes ipsum vicarium sanctum, lodgings, a prison tower.

erexerunt crucem et ceperunt otterre ili Bei Tower.–Adjoyning to the lieu- argentum et ymagines de wre, quosque, tenants' house, a prison tower. Wb per mandatum Tégium, Major Civitati

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GILTSPUR-STREET.

cum vice-comitibus et manu forti fugave- nesse with the Bastard, to fighte with runt populum et cum fumo ammalium him bothe on horsebacke aird on footė. turpaverunt locuin ne ibi ulterius fieret The Lord Scales did gladly receave his Idolotria.

demaunde, and promised him on the “ Henry VI. anno 21. In isto anno faithe of a gentylman, to answere him in apud Bakwellehalle in London, quidain the fielde at the daye appointed. The laborarins frangendo parietein lapideum kynge entendinge to see this inartial in Thesauro argenteo ibidem abscondito sporte, and valiaunte challenge perforsuperscriptionis et yinaginis incognitæ med; caused lystes royall to be made 2191.

for the champions, and costly galleryes “ Joh'es Cade ad Tabardum in Suth- for the ladyes to loke on, to be newly werk fecit decapitari Ric’m Haywarden erected in West Smithfield in London. qui venit ad ipsum de Sanctuario Sancti And at the day by the king assigned, the Martiinile Graunte."

two Lordes entered within the lysts, well Under the ninth year of Henry IV. mounted, richely trapped and curiously also, there is mention of a frost, which armed, at what tyme they entered cerlasted fifteen weeks; during which nearly tayne courses, and so departed with egall all small birds died. People on foot honoure. Havinge thus dealte with during the whole time crossed the Thames sharp speares the first daye, on the from one part to another.

morowe they entered the field againe, the

Bastard sitting on a buy courser beinge Giltspur street, says Stow, was formerly somewhat diin of sight, and the Lord called Knightrider street, and both that Scales mounted on a graye courser, whose by Doctors Commons and this for the schafron had a longe and a sharpe pike same reason; the knights with their gilt of steele. When these two valiaunte spurs riding that way from the Tower personnes coped together at the tournay, Royal to entertain the king and his nobles the Lord Scales horse (either by chaunce with justs and tournaments in Smithtield. or custome,) thruste his piké into the

They rode from the Tower Royal, through nostril of the horse of the bastard. So great and little Knightrider streets, up that for very payne he mounted su hiyla Creed-lano to Ludyate, and thence up that he fell on thone side with his masGiltspur-street to Smithfield.

ter, and the Lord Scales rode round The golden or gilt spurs were the dis- aboute him with his sword shaking in his tinctive mark of a knight, those of a hand, untill the king copinanded the squire being always of siiver. The ori- marshall to help up the Bastard, which ginal spurs were mere gonds, fastened to openly said, I cannot holde by the the heel of the shoe, as appears from a clowdes, for thowghe iny horse faile me, seal of Alain Fergent, Duke of Bretany, yet will not I fayle iny countercomin 1081, and many other instances. paignons. And when he was re-mounRowels were afterwards invented, and ied, he inade a countenance to assaile the size of these was gradually increased his adversary; but the king, either tato such a degree, that in the reign of vouringe Iris brother's honour there gotCharles VII. they were nearly as broad ten, or inistrusting the shame that might as a man's hand, and the necks of the come to the Bastard if he were again spurs were about six inches long. At foyled, caused the herald to cry-Losthe creation of a knight, the king or tell, and every man to departe. The prince who conferred the order, generally mor.we after these two noblemen came buckled on the spurs with his own hands: into the field ou foute, with poleaxes, and as this was the first ceremony of in- and there tought valiauntly like two couvestment, so the hacking of the spurs ragious chainpions; but at the last, the was the first act of degradation. (Way's poynte of the axe of the Lord Scales Fabliaux. vol. i. p. 251.)

happened to enter into the sighce of the An account of a tournament in Smith- healme of the Bastard, and by tyne forca field, in the reign of Edward IV. will might have plucked him on nis knees, form no unappropriate appendage to the kinge sodavnely caste downe his these anecdotes: copied from an ancient warder, and then the marsballs them manu-ci ipt.

severed. The Bastard, not content with * The bastard of Burgoyne, a man of this chaunce, vcary desirous to be rehaughte couye, challenged Anthony renged, trustinge on his comminge at the Lord Scales, brother to the duchesse of pole-axe, (which feate he had greatly Bedforde, (whom the kinge maryed,) a experienced,) required the king of jusman egall bothe in harte and raliaunt. tice, that he might pertürme bis enter

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LONG ACRE.

prise, which the Lord Scales refused not. known that Virgil was considered so The kynge said he wold aske counsaile, warm an admirer of Homer as to be and so calling unto him the constable called Homericus, it would be sufficient and marshall, with the officers of armes, to read the Æneid to be convinced of it. and after long consultation had and He has evidently throughout his poem lawes of armes rehearsed, it was declared kept his eye on the Grecian Bard, and in to the Bastard for a sentence definitive many places be has not so much ini by the Duke of Clarence, then constable tated, as he has literally translated him. of England, and the Duke of Norfolk, But to convey the beauties of one lasErle Marshall, that yf he wold further guage into another, has always been conprosecute hys attempted challenge, he sidered a mark of genius, and that such must by the law of arms be delivered to a transition is not a work of facility, may his adversary in the same case and like be admitted on the authority of Virgi condicion as he was when he was taken himself, who affirmed, that it would be from him, that is to say, the pointe of the easier to deprive Hercules of his club, Lord Scales's axe to be fixed in the sights than to steal one line from Homer.' For of his healme, as deep as it was when this adherence to the greatest poet of abtheye were severed. The Bastard hearing quity, there are few who will reproach this judgement, doubted much of the him; but he has been more severely, and sequele it he so should proceade againe, more justly, censured, for having been wherefore he was content to relinquishe the plagiary of his own countrymen. Of his challenge, rather than to abyde the this we may be convinced by the numehazard of his dishonours."

rous examples of lines, borrowed not only

from the obscure poets of the time, such Among the entries in the Council as Ennius, Pacuvius, Accius, and Suevius, Books, of the time of Edward VI. is the but from the more illustrious Lucretius, mention of a grant from the king to the Catullus, Varius, and Furius, . We have Earl of Bedford, and his heirs male, of not the productions of the two latter, the Covent Garden, and the meadow- which of Varius is to be regretted, as, ground called the Long Acre.

from an expression of Horace, he appears FETTER-LANE, HOLBORN.

to have possessed a genius peculiarly Fetter, should be Faitour lan a term formed for the epic. Virgil so little used by Chaucer, for a lazy idle fellow. concealed these larcenies, that he boast It occurs as early as the 37th of Edward ed of having extracted gold from the III. when a patent was granted for a dung-hill of Eunius. This expression toll traverse toward its improvement. does not appear strictly just from the The condition in which it yet remains, specimens which we have of the latter certainly warrants the etymology.--Stowe poet, collected from the quotations of agrees in it.

ancient authors. There is in then all FLEET-STREET.

evidently a bad taste, and a style which Sir Jonas More directed the re-building proves that the language in bis time had of Fleet street, according to an appointed not attained the purity of the Augustan model after the great fire of London. æra: but the many beautiful expressions And from that beginning the city soon and truly poetical ideas with which he grew to a general perfection, and far has furnished Virgil, also prove that Entranscended its former splendor. nius possessed the talent for whicla Quint:

lian so warmly commends him, and justiFor the Monthly Magazine. fies the veneration which Scipio Africans, LYCÆUM OF ANCIENT LITERA. no unenlightened judge, always eaterTURE.-No. VII.

tained of hini. There are still more

flagrant proofs of Virgil's plagiarism. THE ÆNEID.

It does not appear to be very generally THEN we begin to read the Iliadt, known that the second Æneid, so unites

Sally the most remote and unrefined antiquity, picture of the sack of Troy, was literally When we open the qneid, we discover copied (pene ad verbron, is the expressen all the correctness and the improvements of Macrobius) from a Greek poet named of the Augustan age. But what strikes us Pisander, who wrote in verse a number most in passing from the perusal of Ho- of mythological tales. Macrobius speale mer to Virgil, is the implicit devotion of this as a fact notorious in luis time, which the Latin poet seems to have paid even among children; and mentions PLto the Greek; and were it not already sander as a poet of the tirst order amore

2

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the Greeks. This we may easily credit, that emperor. We are not disposed to if that sublime description originated with admit this idea in its full extent, though him; and the loss of his works may be from the extreme servility of the iwman added to the long catalogue of losses poets, it may liave some foundation; and which excite deep, but unavailing, re we see that Virgil takes every opportunigret.

ty which the poem ailords bin of paying The subject of the Æneid is, perhaps, court to Augustis, particularly in the more happy than that of the Iliad. Vir: well-known passage gii's design was tu deduce the descent of Augusius and the Romans tioin Æneils Hic Vir hic est, tibi quem promitti sepius

audis, and his companions. Nothing, ceftainly,

Augustus Cæsar.

6 Book, l. 791. could be inure noble, nor better accord with the dignity of the epic; and at the But to imagine that he composed a same time nothing could be more Hatter- long poem merely for a political purpose, ing and interesting to the Roman peo- is retining too inuch. He had sutricient ple. The subject in itself was splendid. inutives as a poet to determine him in It presented to the poet a theine derived the choice of a subject, froin its being, in froin the traditionary listory of his own itself, both great and pleasing, as being country. He was enabled to connect peculiarly suited to his genius, and calcuwith it many of the scenes in Homer, lated tor a full display of liis poetical and he was at liberty to adopt all his my- powers, thology. He could foretel, with prophe All the distinguishing properties of the tic pride, the future grandeur of the Ro- epic are perfectly preserved in the Æneid. mans, and he could describe Italy, and The unity of action is no where violated, even Rome itself, in its ancient and fabu- The settlement of Eneas in Italy by the lous state. The establishment of Aneas order of the gods, which forms the subin Latium, perpetually obstructed by Ju- ject of the poem, is always kept in 110, and not accomplished without a great, view. The events which had taken diversity of events, of voyages and wars,' place before the opening are very profurnished a proper intermixture of the perly placed in a narrative recited by the incidents of peace, and martial exploits. hero; so that the real duration of the It presented also a more instructive les action does not exceed the time preson than that afforded by the Iliad. The scribed by the critics. The episodes are professed subject of the bliad is the anger introduced in admirable connection with of Achilles, with the consequences which the main subject, and the nodus, or init produced; and the moral to be interred trigue, is, according to the plan of anfrom them is, the danger of discord cient machinery, bappily formed. The among the cliiets of nations. But this wrath of Juno, who opposes herself to principle is not so forcibly presented to the settlement of the Trojans in Italy, The imagination as the precept inculeated occasions all the difficulties which obin the Eneid, “That a virtuous person is struct the undertaking, and connects the ultimately successful, whatever way be buman with the celestial operations, the diiticulties he has to contend with.' throughout the poem. In these princi, The original design of Homer is lost in pal ingredients of an epic, Virvilhas certhe irregularity of his poem, and is de- tainly composed his poem with great care, fective by the poem ending at the death and evinced both art and judgınent; but of Hector, instead of being protracted in the distribution and inanavement of to the destruction of the city. The mo his subject, he has not been so happy. ral conveyed by the Encud is more coin All the beauties of the poem are code plete, and is fully accomplished at its fined to the first six books, and in th's close, for the death of Turnus and Ama- decoration and improvement the puet tu leaves Eneas peaceable master of La- evidently appears to liave exhausted his turn and Lavinia.

genius and bis invention. The events of It has long been a favourite opinion the latter books are came and bieless. entertained by some critics, that the The marriage of Eneas with Lavinia canÆneid is to be considered as an allego- not juterest us after the romantic love of rical poem, which bas a constant reie- Dido. The wars with the Latins, occarence to the character and reign of Au- sioned by a trivial incident, chill be gustus Cæsar, and that, by drawing so imaginarion, hitherto warmed by the perfect a character of its hero,'Virgil grand description of the destruction of designed to pay a fine conipliment to the Troy. The battles are far inferior tu supposed virtues, and yreat qualities, of those of Homer, in tire and sublunity: NUNIHLY Mab., No. 138.

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