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distress, at which the pilot and the boat- of acknowledging my ignorance. The chief men could not restrain their tears. Af- cause of it is, perhaps, to be ascribed to ter several questions concerning the cause the following circumstance:-Having beof their griet, we were informed that the gun to make a collection of insects in that last time these men had visited the place, happy period of life when all impressions the good woman was in perfect health, are strong and profound, I caught a very but ou the day of their cieparture, she large butterfly, which I considered as a had a stroke of apoplexy, which deprived treasure. Arier an absence of a week, ber of speech, in which state she had the first thing I did was to visit my cok ever since reniainer. This scene, which lection, and, on opening the drawer which to some roaders may perhaps appear ri- contained this butterlly, I found it still diculous, was, at the moment, bigtaly in- alive, wrthing its body and clapping its teresting. The tears of these brave Nor- wings. The effect of this siglit will newegians, who with a smile would have rer be eilaced trom my recollection, contronted dangers the most appalling, though it had been no wonder, if many prove that true courage consists not in succeeding ones had made me forget it; obduracy, and tbat human nature in all atter endeavouring to put an end to the its primitive vigour is susceptible of the torments of the insect by the inost speedy tenderest sensatious.
deatli, I passe i several nghits in remorse, When these einotions of grief had and since that moment have always felt somewhat subsided, the old woman made excessive repngnance to torture any living a siyu to sit, or rather to lie, down on the creature. Were the ca-e to be argued, reindeers' shins, which had been spread has man any right to intrict, at pleasure, for us on straw; and her daugliter-1.1-law the most cruel torments on beings the dom presented us with milk as gracefully as gree of whose sensibility it is impossible though she had been a shepherdess of to calenlute with certainty; and is not Arcadia. We would fain have remained the remorse of childhood the voice of longer in this interesting asylum, but one nature, to which, froin the unfortunate of the boatinen came w intorm is that habit or stilling it, we become totally iuthe wind was savourable, a circumstance sensible in a inore mature age? of which it was necessary to avail our The violence of the wind having selves,
somewhat abated, our boatmon resolve We continued our voyage between ed, at all bazards, to proceed. The " heaven-kissing" mountuins, some of passage of Qvalesund, or Ilvalesund, the which were almost covered with sow. Strait of Whales, was actually attended Towards evening, the wind increased to with considerable danger, and that of such a degree that the pilot advised us to Qvalefiord with still greater. Here we laud ou the first accessible shore, lest were overtaken by the return of the tide, we should happen to be in the strait of which we had been solicitous to avoid the Qvalesund, at the return of the tide, waves from the open sea came crowdiny where our loss would be incvitable, should one upon the other to the entrance of * tempest overtake us.
the strait, and inet the current, proWe complied with his advice, but not ducing a violent, and confused motion. without rerrer, as it was essential that we The vars touched the water only on one should make the best use of our time. side at once: we mazle no way, nor durst llaving soon found a bay, encircled with we make use of our sail; while the sea a plan, on which were soine fishermen's was so rough as to threaten to dash our buts, ne landed, and pitched our tent on little bark to pieces, ber timbers already the beach, that we iniybt be ready to bevinning to crack. The pilot, at length, embark the first tavourable moment; but declared, that he could no longer with the wind encreasing in riolence, and be stand its turbulence, and that, at all hacoming more and more contrary, we were zands, the suit must be set up, which was obliged to pass the whole night and the instantly done by one of our brave row. following day in this place. This inter- ers. The mast, bending with the vinval I spent paruly in fishing some of the lence of the wind, now almost touched ravinys I had previously made, partly the water, which began to enter on that tl Walhing on the benchi, killing snipes, or side; but the vessel gliding along with veling shells. My testuw-traveller was, incredible velocity, we were son out of Estuwiile, engaged in collecting plants danger, and under the shelter of a moun. 1d accis. With respect to the latter rain. Had it ini bern for this boldinagAss, particular, I ag under the necessity quvre we should probably have seen
the other world instead of the North burden cannot climb it but with great Cape.
ditticulty. These seas are frequented by great Before we passed the islands of Stapnumbers of whales, but Fate had decreed perne, we had for soine time coasted that we should not enjoy the sight of any along the island of Maso, after which no of them. To make amends, the boatmen object bounded our view over that treentertained us with many wonderful mendous ocean, which extending from stories of those animals. A fishernan the polar ices, washes the extremities of being pursued by a whale, and perceiving Europe, Asia, and America. The little that night was impossible, fired a musket wind we had was often contrary, as well at the monster, who, terrified by the ex as the current, so that we advanced but plosion, checked his career, and changed slowly, sometimes by the aid of the sail, his course. Had it not been for this for at overs by dint of rowing; aud the first tunate expedient, like another Jonas, he mile* took us seven hours, during which would have been swallowed up, without our boatmen, worn out with fatigue, went the hope of being so seasonably relieved several times on shore to get a httle rest. from his confinement as was the pro- . On one of these occasions we found upon phet. Another was fishing with a line a rock, from ten to fifteen fathoms in iu very fair and calm weather, when a height, spawn of shell-fish, and sponges as whale suddenly rising from the bosom white as snow, and much more easily breof the deep, lifted the boat on his keu than ordinary sponges. The rocks back, dashed it to pieces and the tisher- close to the water's edge were covered man perished in the waves. In short, with the buccinum glaciole, a shell-fish had all the events which they related somewhat larger than a nut, and the wa really happened, our enterprize would ter itself was full of plants of a prodigious have been rather rash, and few fishermen vegetation; the most nunerous, I believe, would have ventured to approach those were the fucus vesiculosus, infatws, and parts.
aculeatus. We, however, sailed without accident We were extremely fortunate in the all night, and arrived in the morning at fair weather and calm which prevailed: Ilavosund, the habitation of a merchant, for the least wind raises very lofty waves who was then froin home. We were in these seas, and the coasts of Mngeri, kindly received by his wife and mother, which lay to the right, are in general mac who gave us an excellent breakfast; alter cessible. The sea, however, was still which we hastened our departure, in the rough, and rocked us continually, so that hope of arriving before midnight at the having kept awake all the preceding night, North Cape, which was still two good to observe the striking objects which pre Norwegian (twenty-one English) miles sented themselves to our view, we were distant.
now unable to resist the invitation of We soon came in sight of the islands sleep. All at once a wave, breaking of Stapperne or Stappenöer, which are against the vessel, dashed its spray over also called the Mother with Two Daugh our heads and abruptly awaked us. The ters. They are nothing, but barren boatmen thien told us in a confnsed way, rocks, that in the middle being the largest that, during our long sleep, we had pas of the three. Some caverns at the foot ed some promontories, and recenity of these rocks resounded with the cries small gulph, on the shores of which were of the Eider-fowla, which furnish the fishermen's huts, with a point of rocha down known by the same appellation, in front, very nearly resembling the North We had, to the west, a promontory of the Cape; we could still discern it to the island of Magerö, to which the North south west
. It was now between the Cape adjoins. It was a perfect calm, hours of five and six in the eveninde but the sea was covered with surges, and and the wind changed in nur face, yast clouds, which might have been mis. The land seemed to treat awayıt taken for snow-covered Alps, rose above the east, and left us on tkui the horizon. We were afterwards in- more unobstructed view of the formed at Maso, that there is the carcase At length, a little before muniek of a whiale on the summit of the largest perceived this formidable Capa of the Stapperne islands. To us this ap- rocks appeared to us at peared almost ineredible, for the waves could not have cast it such a height, and A Norwegian mile is equal the rock is so steep that a man without a half English.
to be of nearly equal height and termina digious mountain, attached to the Cape, ting in a perpendicular peak. We first and rearing bis sterile mass to the skics: steered our course towards this point; to the lett a deck of land covered with but tinding it to be totally inaccessible, less elevated rocks, mainst winch the and the sea becoming more and inore surges uush with violence, cluses the tough, we were obliged to turn to the buy, and adinity but a limited view of the right and put into a small bav.
Vue of the boatinen inforined It was during this passage thai the us that there was once a church on this North Cape appeared in all its grandeur, spot, but I atierwards learned that it wps as I bave erdvavoured to representitat tile at the place where the last tishermen'a inoinent I was taking my view, the nearest buts are studied. rucks seemed to be niuch higher than That we might see as much as possithose of tue perk, and the generat appeare ble gi the interior of the island, we ance was much more picturesque tisan climbed almost to the summit of the litty from any other point. The sea, breaks mountai!), where I made a drawing of ing against this immoveable rainpart, the most singular landscape that ever my wbich had wichstood its rage ever since eyes beheld. The lahoithe fure-ground the beginning of the world, bellowed, and is perhaps at the elevation of lifieen fin formed a thick border of white froth; thoms abore the surface of the sea, and the undnight siin illumining this spectacle, there is another at the top of one of the equally beautiful and terrific; and the mountains, which border the former: share which covered the western side of the view is terininated by peaked rocks, the mcks rendered their acpect still more chequered with patches or snow. tremendous. I cannot pretend to sinte Perceiving that the sea began to run the height of these rocks; every thing very bigb lieyond the Cape, we thought here was on a grand scale, and no ordi- it adviseable to hasten our departure, nary object attorded a puint of compa- that in case of a tempest we miglit lind a rison. Notwithstanding the motion of more agreeable asylun.
At this moibe loat I took several views of the Cape; ment, the remeinbrance of the long tabut at length we were obliged to enter the tigues we had undergone to gain a sight bay, the only retive that presented itself of some dreary rocks almost excited our in this disma regioni.
laughter; but considering the space We weut on shore, and directing our which still separated lis from the civisteps towani the west, accidentally dis- lized world, the toils, and, what was worse, covered a grotto formed of roc's whose the vexations which awaited us, beture surface has been washed smooth by the we could return to it, our reflexions aswaves. Some inequalities of the rock sumed a graver cast. within, were a substitute for seats; a de We made our way without accident triched stone served for a cable; and a over the waves which scened to be piled spring of fresh water ran at our feet. up at the outlet of the bay, and the wind Excepring that there was at the fartierend soon became less violent. A species of nn oullet througin which we discovered aquatic birus, called alca urtica, rere the sea, it was precisely the grotto of the frequently seen skinning the sirice Eneid.
of the waves very nier our vessel; aiarse -Scopulis pendentibus antrum,
parrot-bill, exceeuingiy disproportioned
io the diminuiite size of the body, gave Intus aquæ dulces, vivoque sedilia saxo.
these birds a singular appearance. They We kindled a fire with some pieces of plunged with astonishing velocity, and ic wood thrown upon the shore by the was impossible to shoot any of them on waves; not a single tree was to be seen the water. Some of thein soon passed on the whole coast, nor any vestige in- us on the wint, and we killed iwo or dicnting the abode of hu!nan beings. A three, which we could not get on bard. hult, sune hundred pince's iu circumfe. on account of the intima otide sea. rcuce, and surrounded by enormous crass, The wind alating a little, we stood of is the only accessible spot. The sou- for Maso, where we werc received by thern part of the island in which Kjelvig Mr. Buck, a inerchart of that place, with is situated, contained, accordmg to Pone the hospitality which distinguishes the toppidan, 50 or 00 families. M.Wallen- Norwegians, and with as inuch respect as berg found that their nuinher was much thougl: we had iseen princes. sunaller. This, traveller discovered seve Maso is the northernmost port of ral new species of plants, and mosses. Norwegian i apland. It is situated in 13
From the summit of a hill, turning too titude 70° 59'54", two Norwegian and ward the sea, we saw to the right a pru- three Swedish muiles froin the North
Cape. The port is formed of a very fine ble the metal it is intended to represent, bay, where ships may winter in the great- and possess the quality of resisung the est security: it has a church and a'fair, weather. and exports considerable quantities of To Varnish Plaster Casts or Madck. salt fish.
Take four drops, Scots or Dutch troy We set sail again in the evening, with weight, or about a quarter of an onuce the finest weather, and arrived next day averdupoise, of the finest white soap, at Hammerfest, another sea-port, five Noro grate it small and put it into a new wegian muiles from Maso. A brother of glazed eartheni vessel, with an English Mr. Buck, who resides there, received us pint of water; hold it over the fire till with the same cordiality as we bad ex
the soap is dissolved, then add the same perienced at the last-mentioned place At Hammerfesi all the houses had small pieces : as soon as the wbule is incorpo
quautity of bleached wax cut into spill yardens adjoining to them. They were rated, it is fit for use. 3n good condition, but their only productions were potatoes, brown cole, and well at the tire, suspend it by a thread,
Mode of application.-Dry the model guoseberries:
and dip it into the varnish; take it out, After our departure from Hammer- and a quarter of an hour after, dip fest, we soon got into the track we
ic again; let it stand for six or seveu bad followed in going, and arrived at days, then with a bit of muslin milled Alten on the fifth day of our absence, softly round your finger, rub the model The joy expressed by our hosts on our gently, and this will produce a brilliant return, proved the hazardous nature of gloss; but this part of the operation our enterprize; though with the excep- must be done with great care, and a tion of a single moment in the passage light hand, as the coat of varnish is this. of Qvalefiord, the constant favour of fortune had spared us even the slightest ap- which the cream bas been carefully taken
Another way.—Tuke skim-milk, frum pearance of danger.
off, and with a camel's-bair pencil kay To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. imbibe no more; shake or blow off any
over the cast till it holds out, or will
that remains on the surface, and lay it in To bylous as stated in your Magazine which webe english language afonds ma for February, 1807, p. 33, 1 desire leave synonime,) and when it is dry, it will look to send to you the following answer like polished marble. dit for insertion, viz.
N. B. This last mode answers equally well To bronze Plaster Figures. with the former, but will not resist the Lay the figure over with isinglass size weather. till it holds out, or without any part of its
Mahogany Tables, &c. surface liecoming dry or spotted; then If to the first receipt for a « Varnish, with a brush, such as is termed by there be added three ounces of commun painters a sa-b-tool, go over the whole, wax, it forms an excellent composition observing carefully to remove any of the for furniture. size (while it is yet soft) that may lodge To use it. Clean the table well, dip on the delicate or sharp places, and set it bit of flannel in the varnish while mann, aside to dry: when it is become so, take and rub it on the table; let it stand a little very thin oil gold-size, and with quarter of an hour, then npply the lani as mech of it as just damps the brush, brusli in all directions, and finish with a go over the tigure, allowing
no more of bit of clann dry dannel. This will produce this size to remain than what causes it a gloss like a mirrur. to shine. Set it apart in a dry place, For Boots and shore. free from smoke, and after it las re-- A. If to the above varnists there is added mained there forty-cight bours, the trvo onnees of lump-sugns, and mea figure is prepared for brouzing
quantity of ivory-black, aa NCHAL The bronze, which is lost an in compound will be lind equally good for palpable powder, (and may be had at the giving u polish to bours or she cotour-shops of all incialic culours,) preserving the leashen from chud should be dablied on with a little cotton Edinburgh
Tous wool; after having touched over the Merch o, 1807 Din whole tigure let it stand another day;
then with a soft dry brush ruh of all the Dust in motion fluore powder, nud the figure will resem- to wis Chronicle of Spaldi
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. that these statements are by no means
applicable to the extensive territories of VOUR Antiquary's correspondent, the United States, which comprehend
“ Indagator," p. 317, in bis ac many varieties of soil and climate ; but countot that curious work, the" Dialogues are the result of observations in the of Creatures Moralysed,” has commit- county of Montgomery, Pennsylvania, and ted a slight mistake when he states in what is called the Great Valley, from that it is not mentioned in Herbert's twenty to thirty iniles distant froin Phi“ Typograplıical Awiquities.” This in- ladelphia; the soil of which is mostly dustrious compiler has twice spoken of a rich, deep loam; and sells from twelve it, viz. in p. 345 and 1751. I also take to twenty pounds sterling per acre. this opportunity of saying, that the Latin The first inconvenience that strikes a original was first printed at Gruda, by European, on viewing an American farm, Gerard Leen, in the year 1480. I am is the total want of the fences. Posts and rather at a loss to comprebend what is rails, or rails placed angularly, are the meant by “the translation of sop su common tences of the country: these perseding the publication of the Din require a continual expence of wood and alogues."
labour, to make and repair them. A As we are on the subject of old books, few persons have plauted thorn-hedges; I shall beg leave, Sir, to present you with and where they are July attended to, an extract from one ot' very great rarity they are in a thriving condition: the and curiosity; and in so doing, I may not most promising one I have seen, bad only mamtest a due degree of patriotic short straw laid on the roots of the young zeal, but chance to contribute to the quicksets, which preserves them froin the consolation of those true Britons, who extremes of heat and cold, and prevents are perpetually occupied in venting their the growth of weeds. spleen against our arch and implacable
The winters in America are more seenemy, Napoleon. The prophetic ape vere than in England. Half a century ago, plication of Revelations xiii. 4,5,6,7, was the snow yenerally fell in November, unhappily found not to succeed, and the and continued till March: to provide forty-two months passed away, but the for these five unproductive months, redragon remained to torment the nations. quired a great share of the produce of the Yet we have hopes; for the author of the other seven. But the climate lias underbook of “ The Blasynge of Armes," at gone a very favourable alteration in this the end of Dame Julian Berners's cele- respect, and of late years the winter selbrated Treatise on Hawking, Hunting, and dom assuines its rigorous aspect till after Fishing, printed at Saint Albans, 1486; Christmas. It is not however untill the and afterwards by Wynkyn de Worde, month of April, that sheep can subsist 1496, has informed us that “ Tharies of entirely without fodder; from that time the Kynge of Fraunce were certaynly vegetation makes a rapid progress, and sent by an angell from heven, that is to on land well managed, clover will be saye: ihre floures in manere of swerdes eight or ten inches high by the 1st of in a felde of asure, the whyche certen May. armes were geven to the forsayd Kyng The price of labour in the United of Fraunce in syyne of everlastynge trowe States is much higher than in more poble, and that he and his successours pulous nations, nor can servants or laalway with batayle and swerdes sholde bourers be at all times procured in sufbe punysshyd." Whether the abolition Scient numbers. Twenty to thirty of the fleurs-de-lis since the revolution, pounds sterling are the wages of a man by will inake any difference in the above the vear; and from half to three-fourths curse, is at least doubtful; in all events of a dollar for a day's work. it will behove the Bourbons, whenever Distance from market is another inthey are restored to the throne of their convenience of the country.
The seaancestors, to be very cautious how they ports, or those ports situated on pavigne adopt the lilies !
ANTI-Nap, ble rivers, are the markets for the sale
of farming productions; consequently, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. but a small proportion of the land can SIR,
have the advantave of contiguity. The tayes and disadvantages of the Ame- the English ones; of which the lower rican farmer, with those of the English one. price of land in the United States, is
It is scarcely necessary to premise, both the cause and the effect. MONTHLY MIAC, No, 158.