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at once the hope and the solace of his de Nor was his reward long deferred, for lifeing years, and he had been for some soon after his return to England, in the adtime looking about for a proper tutor to tumn of 1749, he obtained two livings is accompany himn in his travels. The talents, the presentation of the father of his puthe acquirements, the character, and the pil*. In the course of the succeeding good conduct, of the subject of this me- year, he received the vicarage of High moir, pointed him out as a proper person Ercol, in the same county, and prefer to fill such a post: he accordingly ac ments seemed now ready to shower upoa companied this young nobleman, during him. a tour of considerable extent, throughout But the humble situation of a parish the principal countries in Europe*. priest was not exactly suitable to the
views or the talents of Mr. Douglas. He After accompanying his pupil through of the great world, without sharing in
had of late participated in all the gaities various parts of the continent, Dr. Douglas its dissipations, and he now spent part quitted his charge, and returned to England. The death of this young nobleman, which of the winters in the metropolis, while his happened on the 12th of February, 1763, se summer was chiefly divided between verely afflicted his father. The intelligence Tunbridge and Cheltenham, or where of that event was conveyed to him by Dr. soever his noble patrons, to whom he had Douglas, and the communication of it was at in some measure become necessary, both tended with very melancholy circumstances. by habit and affection, chose to direct his Having served some campaigns in Portugál, steps. Lord Pulteney was proceeding on his return Celebrity, however, was still wanting, through Spain, when he was seized with a fe- and it was at length obtained, in a new ver, and died at Madrid, there being no as
and original manner; for, as llercales here sistance to be procured but that of an igno
tofore is supposed to have gone forth in rant Irish physician. On the day when the intelligence of this unhappy event reached search of monsters, so Mr. Touglas una Lord Bath's house, the Bishop of Rochester,
enabled, hy his learning and discernment, the Bishop of Bristol, and Dr. Douglas, had to detect impostors, and expose those met there to dine with his lordship, and con- who wished, by the basest fraud and as gratulate nim upon the prospect of his son's tifice, to plume themselves at the expence
Lord Bath being accidentally de- of every thing fair and honourable. tained at the House of Lords, did not arrive In 1750, commenced the Lauderias until they had all assembled; and whilst they controversy, he having towards the latter waited for him, the dispatch was received.
end of that year, published his first liThey were all very much interested both for terary work, entitled “the Vindication the father and son, and agreed not to disclose
of Milton," the news until the evening. Lord Bath talked of nothing during the dinner but of his son, of his long absence, and of the pleasure not equal to his father, yet, by having been he should have in seeing him settled at many years, both at home and abroad, under home, and married ; an event exceedingly de most able instructor, an universal schalar, sirable to so fond a father, with such a title and one of the most intelligent men in the and estate, and no other child to inherit kingdom, had cultivated a naturally god them,
understanding, and would have done haavut When the servants were withdrawn, his to his rank. lordship filled out a glass of wine to the Bi. By means of Lord Bach, Dr. Douglas obshop of Rochester, who sat next to him, and tained a canonry of Windsor. This he at desired the prelate to drink " to the health terwards exchanged with Dr. Barring top, for of Lord Pulteney, and his safe return." The a canonry residentiaryship of St. Paul', which bishop of Bristol said, with some solemnity, the latter was willing to relinguish, thooch “ My Lord, I drink your good health of greater value, not finding it convenient me « No! no! (said Lord Bach) you are to his health to live in the residentiary louse drink to Lord Pulteney's good health as it had been customary to do. « My Lord (rejoined the bishop), I drink to Dr. Douglas't next preferment was your good health, and may God support you pointment to the deanry of Windsor La under your afflictions !" Upon which Dre the death of Dr Edmond Luw, in 1787. Douglas, bursting into tears, related the mate was raised to the acc of Carlisle throw ter, It was (says Bishop Newton) a muva recommendation of Lord Lonedeiro ing, melancholy sight, to see that great and it had long been pr. mised) good old
man in the agonies of grief on so sad the slightest expectations of is and just an occasion, and might have n.oved The free chapd ar tato those who were less interested about the part and the donative of Upplan ties than we were." Lord Pulteney, though shire,
On the 6th of May, 1758, the subject last moment of his existence. Notwithof this article, who by this time had been standing this, at the age of 8o, the lamp married and appointed one of the of lite burns dim, anu, accordingly, the king's chaplains, proceeded B. and D.D. vital powers were gradually extinguished, In 1762, he was made canon of Windsor, rather than forcibiy desiroyed, on the and in the course of the succeeding year 18th of May, 1807, when he expired in be once more refreshed his mind by io the arıns of hus son, the Rev. William reign travels, having accompanied his Douglas, one of the six canons, and chanfirin friend and patron, the Earl of Bath, cellor of Salisbury, on the 18th of May, to Spa. On the demise of that nobleman, 1807. in 1764, it was found that he had remem As the bishop of Salisbury was never bered lim in his will. The paragraph, in without a book or a peu in his band, wbich the Doctor was mentioned with when alune, it inay be readily supposed particular respect, at the same time very that he was addicted to literary suciety, appositely bequeathed to him the noble as well as literary disputes. Ile was, ac library at Bath IIouse, as a legacy. This cordingly, a meinber of the club instituted was redeemed during the life of General by Dr. Johnson, and is frequently alludPulteney, for the very inadequate suin of ed to by name, in Boswell's Life of the 1,0001, and it having reverted once more Lexicographer. Dr. Douglas has also by will to the original lega e , was after been twice inentioned by Goldsmith, in wards given up a second time, at the his poem of - Retaliation." request of the late Sir Williain Pulte As the Life of a literary ınan onght to ney, who also paid 1,000l, on the occa- conclude with an account of his works, sion.
we here subjoin the best list we have As Dr. Douglas did not dislike a town been able to compile : life, he very readily acceded to a propo
1. Viudication of Milton from the sition, which removed hun to St. Paul's, Charge of Plagiarism adduced by Lauand we now find hiin as heretofore, bum der, 1750. sily employed in literary avocations, har 2. A Letter on the Criterion of Miraing undertaken the Introduction, Notes, cles, 1754, principally intended as an &c. to Cook's third and last Voyage, Antidote against Voltaire, Humne, and which, in many respects, may be consi- the Philosophers. dered as a national work. At length, 3. An Apology for the Clergy, against in September, 1787, he received the mi- the Hutchinsomans, Methodists, &c. tre, having been elected, or in other 4. The Destruction of the French words, nominated by conge d'elire, to the foretold by Ezekiel, being an Ironica see of Carlisle, on which occasion he suc- Defence of those he had attacked in the ceeded Dr. Edmund Law. He was the preceding pamphlet, 1754 or 1755. fifty-secoud bishop, reckoning from Athel 5. Au Attack on certain Positions conwolf, or Athelward, in 1133. This mi- tained in Bower's History of the Popes, tred preferment is valued, in the king's &c. 1756. books, at 5301, 48. 11d}; and is con- .-6. A serious Defence of the Adminis. puted at only: 2,8001. or 3000l. per tration, being an Ironical Attack on the annum.
Cabinet of that Day, for introducing foIn 1791, his lordship was translated to reign Troops, 1756.. the richer see of Salisbury, being supposed 7. Bower and Tilleinont compared,
to produce the annual revenue ot from 1757. 3,5001. to 3,7001. Of this, he was the 8. A full Confutation of Boster's three
a7th prelate, reckoning from St. Adhelm, ? Defences. bishop of Sherborn.
9. The complete and final Detection of This was the last stage of his mortal Bower. career, for the good bishop remained at 10. The conduct of a late tohle comtached to the sce of Salisbury during the mander (Lord George Sackville, afterremainder of his life, which was protract- wards lord G. Germain), candidly consied sixteen years longer. He was for- dered. This was a defence of a very unmerly, at times, atflicted with disease; popular character, not only den, but but of late his health had been better than thriyughout life, 1759. heretofore. Indeed, he cannot be strict 11. A Letter
to two Great Men, on the Jy said to bare perished by the interven- appcurance of Peace, 1759. tion of a morral mualadyfor, not only 19. A Pre ace to the Translation of was he devoid of any specifie complaint, Hooke's Negociations, 1760. bat hit fculies reinained deur, uncloud 18. The Sentiments of a Frenchman and almost unchanged, to the very on the Preliminaries of Peace, 1762.
14. The Introduction and Notes, to ture eminence in the profession, until the Capt. Cook's Third Voyage.
decease of his father, when, coming into 15. The Anniversary Sermon on the the possession of a handsome fortune, be Martyrdom of King Charles, preached took his leave of Westininster-hall, and before the Huuse of Lords, 1788. devoted himself to the quiet pursuits of
16. The Anniversary Sermon before learning, which, during the remainder of the Society for the Propagation of the his days, he cultivated with such order Gospel, 1793, &c.
and perseverance. In addition to these, in 1763, he His first literary performance was, "aa superintended the publication of the Essay on the English Constitution and Diary and Letters of Henry Earl of Government,” octavo: published in Clarendon, for which he composed the 1767. preface; he also wrote several political In 1773, he published " A Letter adpapers in the Public Advertiser, in 1768, dressed to' Dr. Hawkesworth, and hum1769, &c. In 1770 and 1771, his coin- bly recommended to the Perusal of the munications bore the signatures of Taci- very Learned Deists." tas and Manlius. His countryman), Sir In 1777, he cominunicated to the SoJohn Dalrymple was assisted by him in ciety of Antiquaries an ingenious and the arrangement of his manuscripts. Lord very interesting Meinoir, on the Castel. Hardwicke also profited by his labours, lated Remains of past Ages; which was in respect to the publication of his Misa followed by a fuller memoir in 1781 cellaneous Papers. His lordship was They are both printed in the Archeologia, particularly conversant in modern geo- and seventy copies of these memoirs were graphy, and it was he who drew Up Mr. printed in one quarto volume, under the Herne's Narrative, and finished the In- title of “ Observations on Ancient Case troduction.
tles,” for the use of bis private friends. The Bishop of Salisbury was twice mar In 1780 he published his much ried; first in September 1752, to Miss mired“ Hymns to the Supreme Being, Dorothy Pershouse, of Reynold's llail, in iinication of she Eastern Songs," 12mo. near Walsall in Staffordshire, who survi- In 1789, “ Proposals for establishing at ved that event only three months. He Sea a marine School, or Sewinary for remained a widower during fifteen years, Seamen," octavo. so it was not until April 1765, that he In 1788, he presented to the religioas became united to Miss Elizabeth Rooke, world his curious and learned - Morsels: daughter of Henry Brudenell Rooke, esq. of Criticisin, tending to illustrate some
few Passages in the Holy Scriptures, EDWARD KING, Esq.
upon Philosophical Principles, and an
enlarged View of Things, quarto, ta F.R.S. F. S. A. CAPEL SOD. &c. &c.
which a Supplement was added in 1800. THIS THIS learned and venerable gentle. The public attention was in a very parts
man was descended from a Nor- cular manner called to the contents of folk family of high respectability. His the former of these volumes, by the aufather, who lived to the advanced age of thor of the Pursuits of Literature, on acninety and odd years, married Sarah, the count of some striking interpretations of eldest daughter of Thomas Cater, esq. a Prophecy which they exhibited, and gentleman of fortune in the before men- which were, several years after the ap tioned county, who baving no male heir, pearance of the Morsels, in a remarkable his name became extinct. Mr. King degree confirmed, by the great events was the only issue of this marriage. He which took place in Europe. In 1791, he received the first rudiments
of education published " An Imitation of the Prayer from Drs. Rullock and Clark, succese of Abel." in the Style of Eastern Poetry: sively deans of Norwich; and, in 1748, and in 1793, his " Considerations on the was sent to the University of Cambridge, Utility of the National Debt," octavo. In as a fellow-commoner of Clare Hall; 1796, the lovers of antiquarian research where he resided several years, most se were gratified with his elegant dulously prosecuting bis academical tiges of Oxford Castle," folio; and in the course, and alike distinguishing himself same year he presented to the philosophiby the correctness of his moral conduct. cal world his “ Remarks concerning He afterwards entered himself of Lin- Stones said to have fallen from the Clouds coln's Inn, by which society he was called both in these Days and in Ancient Times, to the bar, and practised at it, with con- 4to. Two years afterwards, ho sent forth siderable success, and the promise of fq. his "Remarks on the Signs of the Times,
4to. to which a Supplement was added in plain honest Layman;" and in 1805, he enthe following year, which led to the very gaged in a literary discussion with Mr. able“ Critical Disquisitions” of the late Duters on the antiquity of the archi, venerabic Bishop Horsley on the cigh- which led to several publications on both teenth chapter of Isaiah, addressed in a sides. letter to Mr. King, in which his lordship Such have been the learned labours of bestows the following high but weli nierit. Nr. Nume, as far as twose labours have ed eulog uin ou that gentleman. “I can met the public eye; and it will not be not(says the Rt. Rev. prelate) enter upon disputed that they have greatly assisted the subjects, without proiessing not to to inforn and enlighten nauhind, on the yourselt, but to the world, how lighly s important subjects, to the cluculation of value aud esteem your writings, for the which they were so honestly and su zeavariety and depth of erudition, the saya- lously directed. His public services in the city and piety which appear in every part cause of icarumg, great and extensive as of them: but appear not more in them, they were, were not, however, by any than in the conversation and the ba means his only labours. He has lett be bits of your life, to those who have hund hin an uncommonly large coilection the bappiness, as I bave, to enjoy of most curious and valuable MSS. on your intimacy and friendship. I must various subjects, which were written at publicly declare that I think you are ren different periods of his life, and some of dering the best service to the church of which appear have been intended for God, by turning the attention of believers the press; and ainong these, a very cxto the true sense of all the prophecies." tensiie work, which had been the fruits The very learned prelate some few years of many years patient and decp study, on afterwards published his ingenious and the theory of the earth. It is to this scientific tract “ On Virgil's two Seasons work that he refers, in the thirteenth of Honey, and his Season of sowing chapter of the supplement to his “ MorWheat, with a new and compendious Me- sels of Criticism," on the combined efthod of investigating the Risings ad fects of gravitation, the attraction of coFallings of the fixed Stars,” which he hesion and the centrifugal force of our likewise addressed to Mr. King in an af- earthly globe: “ For near forty years fectionate dedication, “as eminemly qua- with unceasing attention," says he, lified to judge of the soundness of the ar- quiries to elucidate this subject have beca guments, the truth of the conclusions, an object of my pursuit; and the tirst inand to appreciate the merits of the tinations of the chain and mode of reawhole."
soning which I was led to pursue, and of In 1799, Mr. King published the first the ideas wlich led me to it
, were venvolume of a most arduous and magnif- tured by me into the world, and were ceot undertaking, the work of many years printed in the Philosophical Transactions, laborious study, and investigation, en Vol. LVII. for the year 1767, long betitled “ Munimenta Antiqua, or Observa- fore Mr. Whitehurst's book wits publishtions on Antient Castle's, incluling Re- ed. Since the printing of that paper, marks on the whole Progress of Architec. I have continually been pursuing the subture, Ecclesiastical, as well as Military, in ject analytically, both by putting together Great Britain, and on the Corresponding facts resulting from every observation Changes in Manners, Lauvs, and Customs that I had myself any opportunities to tending to illustrate Modern History and make on natural appearances; and also to elucidate many interesting Passages in by collecting and arranging facts from various Classic Authors, fol." The second all the accounts I couid ineet with of the volume appeared in 1802, and the third in most intelligent voyagers and travellers, 1804. The fourth volume, which will and natural historialis; and these," adds complete this great and ably executed de he, “ I should ercihishiave communicated sign, was nearly ready for the press, when to the world; endeavouring to place the death closed the labours of its author. conclusions resulting from the whole, in The Munimenta Antiqua is accompanied the fullest and fairest point of view; but by beautiful and very accurate engrav- have been hindered by the great expense ings, soine of which are from the elegant attending the engraving of the numerous drawings of his niece, the Hon. Mrs. Hen- drawings that must accompuny such a
kind of publication. Whether (continues In 1803, Mr. King published a small he) it will ever be in ruy power during tract, entitled, “ Honest Apprehensions, the short rein ainder of life, if my days and sincere Confessions of Faith of a be prolonged, to accomplish my wish of
overcoming these difficulties, and of pub- fluence of reason and revelation are cele lishing the materials I have collected, ar- culated to produce on a mind which sinranged, and written; or whether any one cerely gives itself up to be conducted by coming after me, will take the trouble them. He was kind and charitable in luis and care, to make use of them; of whe- disposition; and was ready to give to ther any more able enquirers will tread those who were in need; as a companioc in the same paths, I cannot dare to ex- he was entertaining and instructive; his pect with any sanguine hope.”
conversation was full of spirit and intelPerhaps no man in modern times ever ligence; and his manners were characpursued with more unabated diligence terized by a plain and genuine simplicity and determined spirit those objects of which was truly interesting. study which engaged his attention, than In 1781, he became a vice president Mr. King. His mind was peculiarly of the Society of Antiquaries, on the vacanformed for profound research; and his cy occasioned by the death of Sir Josepb writings display an uncommon extent and Ayloffe, bart. In the year 1783, the sovariety of learning, and an extraordinary ciety lost its president, the late Dean acuteness and ingenuity of thought; some Milles. For several years it had been, of his opinions, particularly on philosophi- from a variety of causes, in a state very cal matters, are certainly of a speculative far from prosperous ; its pecuniary re and eccentric kind, though in general no sources deficient, and a certain degree of man could be more cautious and wary as languor attending its weekly meetings, to the conclusions he formed, nor could which obstructed those lively, animated any one suggest his ideas with more hu- communications of science, on the supmility; the subject which especially en- plies of wbich, not only the welfare but gaged his penetrating mind, was the sa- the existence of such a learned body most cred volume. “In him,” observes a obviously depends. It was therefore learned writer, we see an example, now highly necessary to appoint some person alas! but too uncommon, of a man whose to the office of president, who by the inpropensity for the study of sacred things, fluence of his character and other quaand particularly of the Holy Scriptures, lifications might be capable of restorin as active, lively, and sincere, as any ing its enfeebled energies. The eyes of feeling of taste, or any principle of lite- all were turned on Mr. King, and he rary or elegant curiosity. His works dis- accepted of the responsible charge. play him to our view, ineditating on the Mr. King's continuance in the office of inspired writers, with an exactness wbich president was, however, but short, for a sincere affection for them only could at the annual election in the followproduce; weighing facts and comparing ing year, he quitted the chair, in order them with philosophical discoveries, and to introduce Lord de Ferrars, now Earl calling to his aid every branch of know- of Leicester, as the future president: ledge, if by any means he might be able which he did in a speech which will long to illustrate something obscure, or clear be remembered for the very satisfactory away some difficulty.” Of his knowledge account it afforded of his proceedings, and skill in the pursuits of antiquity, the and of the noble disinterested principle by Munimenta Antiguu, will long continue which he was actuated in his retirement an eminent and splendid proof. from a post, the duties of which he had
We may in a great measure form our discharged so honourably to himself, and opinion of the mon from a view of his so beneficially to the respectable society writings; for in them will be found, an at the head of which he had been placed honesty, a candour, a sincerity, and a This speech was printed. “I come piety which very much serve to exem- now," said he, "to take my leave of tlas plify the amiableness of bis mind, and dignified station, and to quit this seat of the purity of his heart. But to become high honor, having been so fortunate as thoroughly acquainted with the worth of to have carried into execution, during the his character, it is necessary that he short time I have sat bere, most of those should bave been seen in his private life plans and purposes for the advancement and conduct: all the duties of which he of the true interests of the society for discharged in a most exemplary manner; the augmenting and securing its revenues; as to bis piety, it had a degree of warinth and for adding fresh vigour and spirit to and zeal which seemed near enthusiasm; its operations and proceedings; ile acand at the same time, all the solidity, complishment of which, was my sale insoustancy, and regularity, that the in- ducement for venturing to take this