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France and Germany; the fifth exhibit- Quintilian," published under the iming a statement of the sentiments and mediate direction of the University of sects of modern Jews; and the sixth Oxford. The text has been accurately shewing the views of eminent divines, re- collated and cleansed of the numerous tyspecting their future conversion to Christ, pographical errors which marked the ediand restoration to their own land. The tion of 1738. The editor, we understand, six Sermons by Evangelical Ministers was the Rev. J. Carpenter, of llertford which fullow, aild more to the bulk than College. the value of the work. Dr. Hunter's Nor is less praise due to the publicaDiscourse at the end is worth them all. tion of the “ Catalogue of the Manue
Of another work which has been lately scripts, and Books with Manuscript Notes, published, of a different kind, it may be in the D'Orville Coliection," purchased by quite sufficient to record the title. “ Lct- the University about three years ago. ters to the Editor of the Christian Obser “ The Paraphrase of an anonymous ter, in Reply to their Observations on a Greek Writer, (hitherto published under Pamphlet entilled, ' 4 few plain Answers the name of Andronicus Rhodius), on the to the Question, Why do you receive the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle,” has been Testimony of Buron Swedenborg ?" by the translated from the Greek, by Mr. Rev. J. CLOWES.
BRIDGEMAN. In regard to the Paraphrase Among the SERMONS, we cannot fail itself, though we allow it in many into give a conspicuous place to those of stances to possess a great share of merit, Mr. VA MILDERT, containing “ An we certainly agree in the observation of Historical View of the Rise and Progress Salmasius, that it differs from Aristotle of Infidelity, with a Refutation of its in any particulars. As a fair specimen Principles and Reasonings.” They were we shall transcribe the whole of the preached, at the Lecture founded by the eighth chapter of the filth book. Ilon. Mr. Boyle, in the parish church of s 1o what manner a man may act unSt. Mary-le-Bow; and are calculated not justly, and still not be unjust." only to interest but to instruct. The ar “ We have discoursed universally, guments are selected with judgment; and therefore, concerning justice and injustice; the language they are clothed in is strong also concerning the just and the injust, and unaffected.
and detined the nature of each. But Beside these, we have scarcely any since there are certain unjust actions, Sermons, in an aggregate form, to men- in winch, though the agent acts unjustly, tion; detached Sermons, however, have nevertheless he is not unjust, let us now been produced by the press in great abun- investigate what those actions are. In dance.
the first place, however, we will show “ The Duty of Stedfastness in Church that certain things may be done unjustly, Communion," has been ably treated by and still not be unjust; as, for instance, Mr. PEARSON.
a man may steal, or conamit adultery, Dr. MALTBY'S “Sermon" before the and yet be neither a thief por an adul University of Cambridge, on the import- terer. For if any one should steal a ance of improving the early part of life, sword from a maniac, lest he should deserves atteation beyond the limits of wound himself, such a one steals indeed, the audieuce to which it was addressed. but nevertheless is not a thief. So also
Nor would we bestow a smaller share if any one commits adultery for the purof praise on Dr. Gaskia's Sermon, iti- pose of enriching hiinself, he commits the tled, “ The English Liturgy, a Form crime indeed, but still is not an adulterer, of sound Words."
but a lover of riches. If also a physician In Dr. Knox's “Sermon," however, should deceive a sick person, in order to preached at the Opening of the Philan- preserve him, he deceives, yet he is not thropic Society, we contess Ourselves to a deceiver. It is manifest, therefore, have been disappointed.
that certain things may be done unjustly, Of the remainder of those which have and yet not be unjust according to that fallen into our hands, we have found lit- particular injustice, the work of which tle either to praise or censure. A few, he accomplishes. But let us consider in are only to be commended for their good a general way what these unjust actions intentions.
are. They are such then as a person CLASSICAL LITERATURE. does unjustly, not for the sake of the end Among the more valuable works in this which is adapted to that particular injussection of our Retrospect, we cannot fail tice, of which the action is performed, to place the new edition of “ Gesner's but for the sake of some other end, wheNIONTILY Mao. No. 159.
ther it be good or base; and though, ac- divesting it of the historical and myth cording to this, he acts unjustly, never- logical digressions, and of the long qur theless he is not unjust. For a physician tations from the classics, with which it is may deceive without being a deceiver, encumbered. He has also made great since it is not his end to deceive, but to use of the Travels of Anacharsis, by the preserve his patient. In like 'manner Abbé Barthelemy, of the Antiquitates also a person stealing a sword from a ma Græcorum Sacræ of Lakennacher, and of niac, does not seek to receive the more the Antiquitates Græcæ of Lambertos for himself, and to gain secretly from his Bos, enriched with the notes of Frederic neighbour, as a thief would do; but the Geisner; and he has occasionally cosend lie has in view is the preservation of sulted the Dissertations on the Greeks, the maniac. 'Every action, however, re- by De Pauw. The second book, lowceives its form and definition from the ever, on the Civil Government of Sparta, end, and through this also its name; appears to have been chittly compiled since a name is a concise definition. For from Cragius's work de Republica Lactwe do not say that a general, who fre- dæmoniorum. At first, Nir. Robinson quently prepares helepclides, or other says, it was his intention to have extended warlike engines, for the purpose of be- bis enquiries to the manners and cusions sieging a town, is an architect or a car- of the several states of Greece, and espenter: he performs the works indeed of pecially to those of Athens, Sparta, the architect and the carpenter, and is Thebes, Rhodes, and Macedon. But said to build; but because he has not the the difficulty of obtaining the necessary end of an architect in view, but that of materials, obliged him to relinquish a pari a general, be is not an architect, but a of his design, and to limit himself chicfy general, and is called by that name. to Athens and Sparta. There is, burThus also he who violates his neighbour's ever, perhaps, no great reason for se bed, but does not deliberately intend to gretting this abandonment of a part of do so through intemperance, but through his original plan. The Athenians and a love of money, is not an adulterer, but Lacedæmonians were, properly speaking, a lover of riches. It is possible, there- the only original nations in Greece; and fore, for a man to act unjustly, and yet all the others could only be considered as not to be unjust according to that parti- shades, partaking, more or less of thee cular injustice of, wbreh he does the deed; two principal colours. The inhabitan:s but he is either not at all unjust in the of Crete, Rhodes, Megaris, Messeni, same mamer as the physician above- and some parts of Peloponnesus, imismentioned, or he acts unjustly according ted the customs of Sparta; while the to a different species of injustice, in the other Greets of Europe adopted in genesame manner as the adulterer: and how ral the modes and civil institutions ut this happens has been already explained. Athens, unless where local circumstanco It is also possible, in another manner, for occasioned sonle deviation, too tribing w a man to act unjustly; as for instance, evite a general interest. An account of a man in the night not knowing a thief, the manners and customs of Sparta i and killing some other person, acts un- certainly necessary in a work of this najustly indeed, but nevertheless is not un ture; and it affords matter of surprise, just,
that Potter, Bos, and other writers wlin With respect to the translation, it ap- have treated on Grecian Antiquities, pears to have been-faithfully executed; should bave scarcely noticed those of so and retains much of the manner as well considerable and peculiar a state as Laceas the matter of the original. Our Retro- demon. As preliminary suljects, tre spect is, from its nature, confined; or we have a brief History of the Grecinin should have gladly given a inore extend- States; followed by Biographical Sketches ed account of the Paraphrase on the Nic of the principal Greek Autlus, teith comachean Ethics.
short comments on their writings. The The value of Dr. Adam's work on work itself is divided into five books: Roman Antiquities has been so long ac- the first relating to the Civil Goverset Loowledged, that we feel a pleasure in of the Athenians; the second to the Cannouncing a companion to it in Mr. vil Government of the Spartans; the ROBINSON's “ Archeologia Græca." In third book treats generally of the Reli the Preface, Mr. Robinsoni cootesses him- gion of the Greeks; the fourth concerns self very much indebted to the well their Military alixirs, and the fifth their known work of Archbishop Potier, which private Life. As u specimen, we heil bekas, indeed, made the basis of his own; quote the twenty-second chapter of the
third book, relating to the Pythiun "Icy Bos, in which Apollo dared Pytlı on Games.
to engage by invectives; 3. Aéxiuras, “ The Pythian games were celebrated which was sung in honour of Bacchus ; in honor of Apollo, near Delphi (Pind. 4. Konturós, in honour of Jupiter; 5. Man Pyihon. 01. IT.), and are supposed by opw, in bonour of Mother Earth; 6. Evo sone to have been instituted by Am- pirmói, the hissing of the serpent. But by plictyon, the son of Deucalion, or by others, it is thus described: 1. Il tipo, the the council of the Amplictyons. Some preparation; 2. Kara K&MeVoucs, the chal reter the institution of them to Agamem- leuge; 3. lap boros, the tight. 4 Enorderos, non (Pharorin.): and some to Diomedes the celebration of victory, from otherder, (Pausun. Corinth.). But the most com to otter a libation; 5. Kataxópsions, the mon opinion is, that Apollo himself was dancing of Apollo after the victory (Poll. the author of them, atter he had over
Onom. lib. IV., cop. 10). coine the python, which was a serpent “ In the third year of the forty-eighth (Ovid. Met. I. 145); and hence these Olympiad, ilutes (avandoze), u hich had not games were sometimes called 2vhyugos till that time been used in this solemnity, opeus (Clem. Aler.). At tirst they were were introduced by the Amphictyons, who celebrated once every ninth year (Plut. were presidents of these games (Streb. Quest. Grac.), and hence that period lib. 18.; Pausun. Phoc.; Plut. Sympos, was denominated évviatezk; but, after- V., probl.2); but, because they appeared wards, they were observed every fith more proper for funereal songs, they were year, which period was called ENTRE soon laid aside. The Aiphictyons also της;» ;.
added all the gymnastical exercises used « The rewards were certain apples in the Olympian games ( Pausun. Phocic.;. consecrated to Apollo ( Luciun. de Gym.), Schol. Pind.); and they enacted a law, and garlands of laurel (Pausan. Phucie.; that none but boys should contend in Elian, Var. Hist. III., 1; Pind, Pyth. running. Afterwards, horse and chariot (4. VIII., v. 28). At the first institu races (Pausun. ibid.; Schol. Pind.), and lion of these games, the victors were contests in poetry and the tine arts crowned with garlands of palm (Plut. (Plut. Sympos. V. probl. 2; Plin. lib. Sympos. VIII., probl. 4), or of beech III., cap. $7) were introduced. The
Orid. llet, I., 7. 419). Some say, that, lauiel, with which the victors were crownin the first Pythian solemnity, the gods cd, was brought from Thessaly (Lucan, contended isi borse-races, running, throw- II. 409). ing the quoit, boxing, wrestling, &c. and “ These games were celebrated on the that Apollo honoured them with crowns sixth (Plut. Sympos. IIII., 1; Quæst. of laurel; but others ailirm (Strab. lib. 'Græc.), or, as others say, on the se-, XI.; Pausan. Phocic.), that at tirst thereventh day (Schol. Pind.) of the Delphic was only a musical contention (x1622€wo month Béooos, which corresponds with aiz), in which he who best sung the the Athenian spynalas; but whether praises of Apollo, obtained the prize, they continued more days than one, is which was either gold or silver, but which uncertain." was afterwards changed into a garland. Sich is Mr. Robinson's Archcologia If the prize was inoney, the games were Graca. It is accompanied by a map of called åyüsis azzuçotas; if only a gar- ancient Greece: an index of remarkable and, αγώνες σεφανιται, φυλλιναι, ας, things: and an Index of Greek words
“ There was also another song cailed and phrases. TicOixos nuoc, to which a dance was The last work we have to notice in this performed. It consisted of these five class, is formed by the smaller works of parts, in which the contest of Apollo Rubokenius, which have been collected by a d Python was represented (Sirub. lib. Mr. Kind, and deserve attention, both IX.; Poll
. Il'. 10, seq. 84): 1. Avź244015, from the scholar and the critic. which contained the preparation iu bat
ANTIQUITIES. te; 2. "All Terpa, the first essays towards The seventh and eighth Portions of it; 3. Kataxiasvouós, the action itselt, Mr. BRITTON'S “ Architocir:ral Antiquiand the god's exhortation to himself to be ties," beside the coucluding part of courageous; 4. lebov xar daxTuhoo, the Malmsbury, contain a Sequel to the Es!nsulting sarcasms of Apollo over the suy on Round Churches, in the History of vanquished Python; 5. Lupornós or E“- that of Little Maplested, in Essex: fol867795, the hiss of the serpent as he died. lowed by an Essay ou the History and siue divide this song into the six parts Description of Colchester Custie. Ollowing: 1. Niipe, the preparation; 2. “ The clinich of Maplesied, (Mr.
4 M 2
Brit ton says, is singular in shape; and were all equally of Celtic extraction. cou stituting one of the round class is ex- The usual derivation of Scotti from Scuith, tre nely interesting, as displaying a dif- a wanderer from Scythia, he deems abfer ent and later style of architecture than surd; deriving it rather from the Celtic ei iher of the structures previously de. Scaoth, a swarm, or multitude. An anec$! ribed. With a circular portion at the dote toward the close tends very much
vest, and a semicircular east end, the to derogate from the high antiquity attriplan of the building is unique; and there buted to the Erse poems by Macpherfore deserving particular illustration. Its exterior character, internal peculiarity,
BIOGRAPHY. ground-plan, and entrance-doorway, are LORD OkroRD'S “ Catalogue of the correctly displayed in three plates : judga Royal and Noble Authors of England, ing by the peculiarity of its members, Scotland, and Ireland," first appeared which furnish the only clue in the absence nearly half a century ago. The extended of document, Mr. Britton refers its erec- edition of it, however, by Mr. PARK, action to some period between or during companied by a series of portraits, is althe reigns of King John and Henry the most a new work. It is in Gre volumes Third. The whole length of the church, octavo. Lord Orford's plan of giving a internally, is sixty feet. The circu- catalogue only of titled authors has been lar area twenty-six feet in diameter. enlarged upon, and short specimens af
“ Colchester Castle stands upon an their performances added, somewhat af elevated spot of ground, near the north- ter the manner of Cibber's Lives of the east corner of the station supposed by Poets. Among the new Authors in the most writers to have been the ancient Royal List, we find Richard II., Harry Camalodunum of the Ronians: and was VI., Anne Boleyn, the Princess Elizeformerly encompassed with a foss and beth Queen of Bohemin, Charles II. erd vallum. The remains consist mostly of Frederick Prince of Wales, father to his the shell, or exterior walls of what' ap- present Majesty. Lord Orford's appenpears to have been the Keep. The walls dix to the posthumous edition of his Noare extremely thick, and of vast solidity. ble Authors could not be transferred to They are constructed with a mixture of the present, on account of purchased clay-stone, flint, Roman tiles, &c. the copyright; so that with that edition Mr. whole combined and strongly held toge- Park's but little interferes, except in the ther, by a proper quantity of lime-ce- correction of inadvertences, or the inserment poured into all the interstices. Yet tion of casual omissions. In regard to strange as ic may seem, after an account the sum of his labours, Mr. Park observes of such materials, the structure itself is that what personal health has permitted, not deemed of a remoter date than the and family cares have allowed; wlint Norman conquest. Caen stones and love of literature partly incited to asKentish rag are so much mixed with the tempt, and what plodding perseverance masonry, that an earlier period cannot be has enabled him to accomplislı, is salassigned it.
initted with deference to the award of The doorway of the church of “South candour; not without some apprehension Okendon in Esses," is another subject of being blained both for deficiencies and illustrated : it is a delicate specimen of redundancies, for having done too little what is called the Anglo-Norman style. or 100 much, according to individual bias
These complete the first volume of Mr. for particular characters. Mr. Part comBritton's work: which, it appears, will now mences his annotations with the preloce be confined to four voluines. Hitherto to Mr. Walpole's first edition, and cantie we have had no specimens of the earlier nues them throughout the whole of the Saxon style: but the subjects announced work. convince us that neither pains nor expence The new edition of Mr.CeXRektAND'S will be spared to make the Architectural Memoirs," in two volames octava, Antiquities 'not only a beautiful and an accompanied by « Supplemtat; dated unique work, but a complete one." We Feb. 19th, 1808. Amang other artida fhall continue to report its progress. of entertainment which accar in its co
Dn. CoupER's “Notes and Observations tents, we have a few comments on the early Part of the History of the Reviewers. & The friends
British Isles," relate chiefly to the etymo- Cumberlund), who knew web
Memoirs entertaining to the public; yet times in which the subject of his narraevery reviewer, who has condescended to tive bore a conspicuous part. A fairer notice them, (those of Edinburgh ex- portrait of an honest statesman will hardcepted) have had the charity to make me İy any where be found. The Life itself think they had read me with complacen does not occupy the whole even of the
Bui they were my countrymen; first volume. George Macartney, it apthey could feel for my notives, they pears, was born the 14th of May 1737, could allow for my difficulties; they had at the tamily mansion of Lissanoure. AL 000 inuch manliness of nature to en the age ot thirteen, he was admitted a deavour ai depressing me, and forbore fellow-commonerof Trinity College, Durbfor a time to be critics for the gratitica- lin, where he proceeded M.A. 1759. tion of exhibiting themselves in the more From Dublin he came to London, and amiable character of gentlemen.
was entered of the Society of the Middle “ I understand that these acrimonious Temple, where he formed an intimacy Northern Britons are young inen; I re- with several characters who were rising joice to hear it, not only for the honour into eminence: but not intending to of old age, but in the hope that they will study the law with a view to practice in live long enough to discover the error of that protession, he only remained there their ambition, the misapplication of till he had completed his arrangements their talents, and that the combination for making the tour of Europe. In the they have formed to mortify their con course of his Travels he becaine acquainttemporaries, is in fact a conspiracy to ed with the late Lord Holland, of whose ondo themselves.". In these additions, fainily, on his return to England, he behowever, we do not find many anecdotes came an inmate; and soon afterwards a of primary importance. A copious Index representative in Parliament for the bowhich now accompanies the work will rough of Midhurst. About this time the be found extreinely useful.
affairs of Russia having assumed an inIn the “ Public Characters" of 1807, teresting aspect for Europe, an alliance we announce the nintli volume of a
with that power appeared desirable to work which has experienced a degree England, on many considerations, and of circulation almost unprecedented. particularly in a cominercial point of To give a complete analysis of its con view. A treaty of commerce had for tents, here, would be impossible, as it some years before engaged the attention would occasion us to enter too much of the British government; but none of into detail. It may be sufficient to enu- its diplomatic agents had either skill or merate the more remarkable persons weight enough to make any progress with whose characters are drawn. The first the Russian cabinet. Under these cirand most prominent is Mr. Whitbread: cunstances, Mr. Macartney's abilities the next is Mr. Hobhouse. Among those were employed by Lord Sandwich, and who follow: Lord Redesdale, Lord $o- on August 22, 1761, he was appointed inerville ; Mr. Mitford, the bistorian of enroy extraordinary to the empress. On Greece; the Earl of Elgin, Mr. Sergeant this occasion he received from bis MajesIlill, and Sir William Scott, may be men ty the honour of knighthood. Having tioned as the principal.
laid the solid foundation of a good underConnected also with Biography is, standing with Count Panin, who was “ The Child's Welfare," by Mr. Hollo- then at the head of the Russian affairs, WAY, of Reading. It forms the sub- lie ventured to open the grand object of stance of a Funeral Sermon, and is stated his mission, and, after a close negociation to contain the Experience of Miss Louisa of four months, the treaty of commerce Fuller; who died at the age of little more was brought to a conclusion. Owing to than eleven yeurs. The preacher's own an ambiguity in one of its clauses, bow'. erperience we should suppose might have ever, it was not ratified by the English supplied him with more useful materials court. But, a second treaty being signed, for an exhortation to his hearers than any the great object of bis mission was obthing, however, altered, in the corre- tained; and Sir George Macartney respondence of a child. At any rate to turned to England. On February 1, have preached such a
1768, lic was married to Lady Jane enough.
Stuart, second daughter of Job Earl of Mr. Barrow, in the “ Account," Bute, and in the following year was apwhich he has given " of the public Life pointed chief secretary of Ireland, under of the Earl of Alacartney," appears ri- the administration of Lord Towoshend. gidly to have" confined himself to those In 1772, he relinquished this situation; general events and transactions of the being nominated about the same time a.