« FöregåendeFortsätt »
broad muscular band has its origin, from ftomach of the camel, dromedary, and the coats of the firft ftomach, and passes lama, fitting them to live in the randy down in the form of a folid parallel to the deserts where the supplies of water are lo great ridge, till it enters the orifice of the precarious." second stomach. This band on one side, From the comparitive view which Mr. and the great ridge on the other, form a Hone has taken of the Itomachs of the canal, which Icads froin the afophagus bullock and canel, it appears that in the dowy to the cellalar firucture in the lower bullock there are three stomachs formed part of the first ftoinach. The orifice of for the preparation of food, and one for the second ftomach, when this muscle is digestio!. In the camel there is one ttonut in action, is nearly thut, and at right mach fitted to answer the purposes of two agles to the side of the tirit. Its cavity of the bullock; a second is employed as a is a pendulous bag with rows of cells, reservoir for water, having nothing to do above which, 'between them aud the with the preparation of the food; a third mufele which passes along the upper part is so finali and simple in its firuczure that of the stomach, is a finooth surface ex it is not easy to ascertain its particular tending from the orifice of this stomach office. to the termination in the third. Hence, The following gradations of ruminatit is evident that the second ftomach nei- ing Itoinachs is now cstablished: the ruther receives the folid food in the first in- minants with horns, as the ox, sheep, &c. stance as the bullock, nor does it after- bave two preparatory ftomachis for food wards pass into its cavity or cellular previously to rumination, and oure for the structure. The food firft paffes into the food after rumination before it is digestgeneral cavity of the firft ftoinach, and ed. The ruminants without horns, as chat portion of it which lies in the recess the canel, dromedary, &c. have one preiminediately helow the entrance of the paratury fiornach before rumination, and osophagus under which the cells are litu none in which the cud can be afterwards ated, is kept moist, and is readily return, retained before it goes into the digefting ed into the mouth, so that the cellular ftomach. Thore animals who eat the portion of the firti fiomach in ihe camel fame kind of food with thoruminants and performs the fame office as the tecond in. yet do not ruminate, as the liorse and als, the ruminants with horns. While the have only one ftomach, but a part of it is camel is drinking, the action of the muf- lined with a cuticle, in which the food is cular band opens the orifice of the fe- 'first deposited, and by renaiving thore cond stomach, at the same time that it fomne time rendered more ealily digerdireći: the water into it; and when the tible, when received into the digesting cells of that cavity are full, the rest runs
portion. off into the cellular firucture of the first
In comparing the teeth of those animals' Romach iminediately below, and after- that ruminate with those of the borse and wards into the gencral cavity: itals, which live on nearly the same kind feems that camels, when accutiomed to of tuid, the tollowing peculiarities are go long journeys, in which they are kept met with. The ruminants with horns without water, acquire the power of di- have molares in both jaws, and incisores lacing the cells, so as to make thein con-, only in the lower jaw. The ruminants tain a more than ordinary quantity as a without horns, have, in addition to these, fupply for their journey. When the cud what may be called tighting-teeth, or a bis been chewed, it has to pass along the fùbftitute for horns. These are tusks in upper part of the second ftomach before both jaws, intermediate tecth between it can reach the third; which is thus the molares and tulks, and in the upper managed: at the time that the cod is to jaw two linall tccth anterior lo che tutks; pals from the mouth, the inufcular band none of which can be of any use in eatcontracts with fo much force, that it not ing. The camelo-pardalis forms an inn only opens the orifice of the fecond to-' termediate link in these refpects. It has mach, but acting on the inouth of the turt burns, and no tulks. thiru, brings it forwards into the fecond, We have next an account of the apa. by which micans the muscular ridges that lytis of the urine of the camel, and of the separate the rows ont' cells are brought' leveral experiments upon that, and upon close together, so as to exclude these cite the urine of a cow. The presence of vities from the canal, through which the uric acid in the former, and that of phoscud paffes. “It is this beautiful and phat of lime in both, are new fets, which very curious mechanilin, (lays Mr.llume,) reflect additional light on the compuliskich turns the peculiar character of the tion of the urine of graninivorous ani
Hals. Without specifying the experi- blow-pipe, it allumes a darker colour; at ments we thall prefent the readers with a lironger heat it melts to litharge. On the results :
charcoal it is reduced to lead. Ia dilute In 100 parts of camel's urine, white acid of nitre, it becomes of a brown Water
75 coffee colour. On the addition of a little Phosphat of lime, muriat of ammonia, fuyar, this brown cals dillolves and profulphat of potass, area of potass, duces a colourless folution. By putting Cartonat of potills
6 into muriatic acid with a little leaf gold, Muriat of potnis
8 the gold is foon entirely diffolved. When tren
6 it is inclosed in a linali bottle with inuri
atic acid, and a little bit of paper tinged
95 by turnfol is fixed to the cork, the paper In 100 parts of cow's urine, lofes its blue colour, and becoints white. Water ..
65 A ferip of common blue paper, whose coPhosphat of lime,
3 Touring matter is indigo, placed in the Muriat of lime, of aminonia
15 fame situation undergoes the same change. Sulphat of potass
6 Mr. S. imagines that this native minium Carbonat of potass, of ammonia 4 is produced by the decay of a galena, Urea
4 which he suspects to be itself a secondary
production froin the metallization of
97 white carbonate of lead by hepatic gas. The loss is supposed to have occurred This is particularly evident froin a lpecie from the animal matter, probably albu- men, in one part of which there is a cluf men and gelatine. The principal and ter of large crylials. Having broken one only effentiat ditierence between the of these, Mr. S. found that it was conurine of the camel and that of the cow, verted into minium to a 'conliderable is, that the former contains uric acid thickness, while its centre is still galena. They are both deftitute of foda. Mr. Two very excellent mathematical paHatchet observes that it is remarkable pers were commnunicated to the Royal that uric acid should be found in the cita Society, and read on the 5th of June lait; mel's urine, and he thinks it is the firft the one from the Rev.ABRATIAM ROBERTmitance on record, as fat as relates to son, Savilian proteilor of geometry in the the urine of graminivorous atmals. university of Oxford, was a new demon
Dr. Smitusos has presented to the tiration of the Binomial Theorem, when society an account of a dilcovery of na the exponent is a fraction. The other tire minium, which is disseminated in was a new method of computing logafinall quantities in the fubliance of come rithms by Thomas MANSING, esq. Thele, pact carbonat of lime. Its colour is however, not adınitting of an analysis, that of faétitious miniuin, a vivid red we mult content ourlelves with barely with a call of yellow. Heated with a noticing.
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS IN JANUARY.
6 As the List of New Publicutions, contained in the Monthly lugazine, in the
ONLY COUPLETE LIST PUBLISHED, und consequently the only one iket can be ujeful to the Public for Purpopes of general Reference, it is regulied, that Authors and Publishers will continue to communicate Notices of their llork (Poft pail), und they will always be faithfully injerted, FREE OF EXPENCE.
ANATOMY. ANATOMICAL Examinations complete; or The Fall of. Mortimur, 'á Tragedy, by the
Series of Anatomical Questions, with An- Right Honourable Morris, Lord Rokeby, iwers; 2 vols. foolscap 8vo. 10s. 6d. hoards, LIOGRAPHY.
The Theatrical Review, No. 1, 1s. to be
continued mouchly. Authentic Narrative of the Death of Lord
Mufical Dramas; with select Poems and Nelson, with the Circumstances preceding, at
Ballads, by J. Rannic, 73. tending, and fubsequent to that Evene : thie Profeffional Report of his Lordship's Wound, Ac. by W. Beatty, M. D. with a Portrait, 7s. The Child's Monitor, or Parental Instruc. 5. I. 4.
tion; in five Parto ; containing a gre. Variety
of Progressive Lessons, adapted to the Com The Proceedings of a General Court Mar. prehenfion of Children, by John Hornsey)
, tial on the Trial of Captain J. Garthwaite, of 83. 6d. bound.
the Suflex Militia, 5s. The Youths' Mentor, by an Experienced
MISCELLANEOUS Shool-Master, 12mo. 2s. 68. boards.
Records of Literature, Denieftic-and FoAn Esay on the Elements, Accents, and reign, No. I. 8vo. Is, od. to be continued Prosody of the English Language ; intended monthly. to have been printed as an Introduction to Mr. The Oxford Review, No. I. 28. 6d. Boucher's Supplement to Dr. Johnson's Dicti Censura Literaria, containing Titles, Ahu onary, by T. Odell, M. A. 12mo. gs. 6d. Aracts, and Opinions of old Englith Books, boards.
&c. by Samuel Egerton Brydges, esq. 3 vols. Exercises
upon the different Parts of Speech 8vo. boards, 8s. bound. of the Portuguese Language, referring to the Graphic Illustrations of the Miseries of Rules of Vicyra's Grammar; to which is ad Human Life, by W. M. Woodward, ely. ded a course of Commercial Letters,' in Porn No. I. 2s. to be continged every fortnight. tuguese, by J. Em. Mordente, 3s. 6d.
An Account of the South Sea Scheme, 6d. The Manual of Youth, in three' Parts, An Analitical Index to the 16 Volumes of 1ft. Containing fixty Fables, with 120 cuts ;
the first Series -of the Repertory of Arts, to 2d. Remarks on Rhetoric, with Various ex which is added, a general Index to the first amples on the different styles, Figures, and 8 Volumes of tbe Second Series, 10s. Oda Tropes. 3d. A large Collection of Extracts in Prose and Verse, selected from the most
The Monk of Diffentis, a Romance, in approved. Authors, both English and French, 3 vols. by J. Powell, 12s. by J. Ouifeau, 85.
Sans Souci Park, or, the Malange, 3 volo. The Complete Instructor in Drawing, by by Maria Tharmott, 13s. 6d. W. Craig, No. 10; royal folio, 6s. 6d.
Wilhelmina, 2 vols. 65.
A Summer by the Sea, vols. 105. : A Biographical History of England, from the Constance De Lindenidorf; or the Force of Revolution to the End of George che First's Bigotry, by S. Frånces, 4 vols. 188. Reign, being a Continuation of the Rev. J. Granger's Work, by the Rev. Monk Noble, A Collection of Sonys, Moral, Sentimental, F.A.S. 3 vols. 8vo. 11-7s. boards, fine 11. 16s. and Indtructivc, by James Plumptree, M.A.
History of the Rise and Progress of the 2 vols, 12mu. 145. boards. Belgian Republic, until the Revolution under The Progress of a Corrupt Senator exemPhilip II. from the German of Schiller, by plified, in fix Characteristic Engravings, with T. Horne, 46. 6d.
Illustrations in Verfe, by W. M. Woodward,
efq. 45. and 7s. 6d. coloured: The Gardener's Remembrancer throughout
The Satires of Aulus Perlius; tranilated the year; to which is prefixed a View of Mr. into English Verse, with the Latin Text and Forlyth's Treatise on Trees; by James Notes, 8vo. 75. 61. fine 105. M®Phail, 8vo. 12s. boards.
Admonition, a Pocm, on the Fashionable
Modes of Female Dress, by G. Ogg, foolfcap A Treatise on Contracts within the Jurifd 8vo. 5$. diction of Courts of Equity, 16s. boards.
Beechey Head, and other Poems, by CharViner's Abridgement, vol. 6. part 1. 14s." lotte Smith, foolícap 8vo. 5s. boards.
An Evening Walk
in the Forest, a poem, A Treatise upon the Law of Logacus, by Descriptive of Forest Trees, by a Lady, io 6d. R. S. Donnison Roper, efq. Barrister at Law,
The Slave and other Poetical Pieces, being 2 vols. 18s. boards.
an Appendix to Poems, by the Rev. J. Mant, METEOROLOGY.
M.A. 25. 60. A Meteorological Journal of the Year 1806, Legendary Tales, by E. Smith, 4s. 8vo. 15. Gd.
A Short View of the Political State of An Account of the Ophthalmia, which has Great Britain and Ireland, at the Opening of appeared in England fince the Return of the the New Parliament, with Remarks, &c. Os. British Army from Egypt, by John Vetchr, Reply to a Pamphlet, entitled, The State M.D. 6s. boards.
of the Negociation, 2s. 60. Practical Obfervations on the Uterine
Official Papers relative to the Negociation Hemorrhage, with Remarks on the Manage. with France, presented by his Majefty's Com. ment of the Placenta, by John Burns, 5s mand to both Houses of Parliament, Decemiboards.
ber 92, 1806, Svo.4s.
An Address to R. B. Sheridan, on the ProA Detailed Account of the Battle of Aut ceedings at the late Weltminiter Election, terlitz, by the Austrian Major General Strutt. including the State of Dometic Politics,&c. 2s. crhum, with Notes, by a French Officer,
A Letter to Mr. Whitbread, on the Duty translated from the French, by Majur Pine of Rescinding the Revolutions which preceded Cuffin, 8vo.
the Impeachment of Lord Melville, 2o.
Tableau des Révolutions depuis la fin du Stri&ures on a Vifitation Sermon, preached 15 Siecle, par Ancillon ; threc firft volé. x Dunberry, in Essex, July 6, 1806, 2s. 19mo. 155.
Tracts on Various Subjects, all of which Cuvres Complettes de d'Alembert, 18 have been publifned before; and are now firft vols. 8vo. 81. 2s. collected into one Volume by the Right Œuvres Choisies Expofthumes de La Harpe, Reverend Beilby Porteus, Lord Bishop of 14 vols. 8vo. 11. 165. London, 8vo. 75. boards.
Bibliographie Etrangere de Paris, 1800 à Difearsory Considerations on the supposed 1805, 8vo. 3s. boards. Evidences of the early Fathers, that St. Buccolique de Virgile, par Delille, various Matthew's Gospel was the first written, by a prices and sizes. Country Clergyman, 8vo. 35. fewed.
Poëme sur l'Imagination, par Delille, va. A Catechism for the Use of all the Churches rious sizes and prices. in the French Empire : to which is added the Cormontaigne, Mémorial pour l'Attaque Pope's Bull, and the Archbishop's Mandamus, des Places, 8vo. plates, 9s. translated from the Original, by David Bogne, Cormontaigne, Mémorial pour la Défense 3. 64. extra, boards.
es Places, 8vo. plates, 10s. The Effence, Spirituality, and Glorious d. Campagne de la Grande Armée en 1805, llue of the Religion of Christ to all God's gvo. 7s. chofen, exhibited in Remarks on the "Verily, Cuisinier Impérial, 8vo. 9s. Verily," as used by our Lord in many parts Dictionnaire Portatif de Géographie Uniof Scripture, by Samuel Bernard, jun. 12mo. verselle, par Boift, 8vo. 15s, 4. boards.
Supplément au Nouveau Dictionnaire HilA Sermon, preached at Leicester, June 6, torique, 4 vols. 8vo. 21. 2s. 1906, at the Vification of the Right Reverend Discours Historique sur le Revenu des the Lord Bishop of Lincoln, by the Hon. and Peuples de l'Antiquité, du Moyenage, et des Kev. H. Ryder, A.M. Rector of Lutter. Siecies Modernes, et spécialement de la worth, 1s. 6d.
France et de l'Angleterre, par Ganielle, 2 Select Portions of Psalms, extracted from vols. 8vo. 16s. various Versions, and adapted to Public Wor Philosophie Chémique, par Fourcroy, a fup. with an Appendix, containing Hymns new edition, small 8vo. 75, for the principle Festivals of the Church of Vie de Madame de Maintenon, par Madame Lagland, theep 28. 6d, calf Ss. 6d.
de Genlis, 2 vols. 12mo. 8s. THEOLOGY.
Esprit de Madame de Genlis, 1 vol. 12mo. A Sermon, on the Work and the Reward 4s. of the faithful Deacons, by William Newman. Histoire Naturelle des Perroquets ; 24
A Discourse, occafioned by the Death of numbers folio, coloured plates, 2 vols. folio, the Right Honourable C. J. Fox, by T. Bel. in boards, 431. 4s. This fuperb work is just fam, Is.
finished. Oriental Cuftoms ; or, an Illustration of Histoire Particuliere des Evénemens qui ont the Holy Scriptures, by S. Burder, 2 vols. 9s. amené la Châte
du Thrône François, pendant Loards.
les Mois de Fuillet, Acut, et Septembre, Conúderation on the Alliance between 1792, 8vo. 85. Chriftianity and Commerce, 25.
Plantes Equinoxiales, par Humboldt et A Sermon, preached at the opening of the Bonpland, the three first numbers folio. Chapel of the Philanthropic Society, Nov. 9, Cuvres Posthumes de Hainault, 1 vol. 8vo. 1806, by Vicefimus Knox, D.D. 2s.
75 A Charge to the Clerky, at the Primary Hedwig, Genera Plantarum fecundum Viktrion in August, 1806, of the late Right Characteres differentientes, 8vo. 9s. Reverend Samuel Lord Bishop of St. Asaph, zs. Histoire de la Guerre de la Vendée, 3 vols. TRAVELS.
8vo. 11.4s. Travels in Scotland, by an unusual Route, Impollibilité du Systême Aftronomique de with a Trip to the Orkneys and Hebrides. Newton, &c. Par L. Mercier, Avo. 75. Containing Charaders, Anecdotes, &c. by the Influence de la Mion sur les Malades, 8v9. ler. Jana - Hall, AM. 2. vols. rogal 8vo. 8s. il bt houdt.
Lagrange, Lecous sur le calcul des Fouca dal teen ported by M. de Boffe, Gerard- tions, 8vo. 10s. Areer, Sobo. To
Laudon, Galerie Historique des Hommes Amides Caltirateurs, par Poinfot, 2 vo's. Celebrés de tous les Siecles et de toutes les
Nations, 7 vols. fig. pet. 19mo, en 14 parties, Hulote de France, par Anquetil, 14 vuls, bs, chaque pastie.
Li Dinle ou les Dieux de l'Opera, 18mo. de Godefie ou Esspolition des MeAeronautiques, par Puissant, &c. 4to. Tableau Methodique des Especes Minerales, ti
par Lucas, tom 1.800.9. Dames da foai xtv contenant ses Me Monumens Celtiques, ou Recherches sur le
E via dros vespurtralt er 22 Calte des Pierres, par Cambry, figures, 899.
Memoires et Lettres du Marechal de Teile, Annales du Museum d'Hifoire Naturelle, ? vols. 8vo, 14s.
the 4th year, 2 vols. 4to. plates, 41 45. Jules, ou le Toit Paternel, Roman, par Recherches sur la force de l'Armée Frane Ducray Dumeluil, 4 vols. 16s.
çoises, 8vo. 4s. Melanges Posthumes de Marmontel, 5s. Science de l'Histoire, par Chantreau, 4to.
Attila, par Chateaubriand, nouvelle edi. tom 3. 21. tion ; avec l'addition de René, par le meine Saisons de Thomson, traduités par Deleure, Auteur, pap. fine, figures, 9s.
Lettres inédites de Mirabeau, 8vo 10s. Theatre de Pieces Fugitives de Collin
Nova Aeta Societatis Latinæ Jenenfis, vol. D'Harleville, 4 vol. 8vo. 11. 45. 1. 8vo. 6s.
Vie, ou Eloge Historique de Male herbes, Nouveau Traité Geographique de Chaque par Gaillard, 8vo. 3s. tid. Pays, par Madame Renelle, 8vo. 6s.
Vaillant Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux de Couvres Politiques, Litteraires and Drama- Paradis, des Rolliers, des Toucans, et des tiques de Gustave III. Roi de Suede, suivies Barbers, ? vols. fol. fig. coloured, 411. !0s. de la Correspondence, 4 vols. 8vo. pap. yeiin, Weiss Principes Philosophiques, Politiques fig. 21. 8s.
et Moruux, 2 vols. 8vo. 14s.
THE NEW PATENTS LATELY ENROLLED,
úr. ROBERT NEWMAN'S (DARTMOUTU,) below the deck, and moved by one wheel,
für an Improvement in the Forn and winch or other engine, placed amid tips Construction of Ships and other Veisels or elsewhere, and connected by chains or of Itur, &c.
ropes, in the ordinary way, with a thort wils improvement consists in, and iron lever projecting from cach rudder, firit, an apparatus or helm contaming two sixth part of the tiller required for the rudders, formed and worked in the di connou rudder.
« In this manner," rection of the sides, in lieu of one placed fays Mr. N. “I found by an experiment in the centre line of the vetiel, by which tried on a temporary form, of not lefs bodies of the greatest capacity may be than one hundred and fifty tons burthen, governed, guided, or feered, wore and contiructed by me for the purpose about stayed with greater certainty, case, and four years since, that a fingle man or boy fatety: secondly, in a concave or hollow could not only iicer with greatesi eale, form of side and bottom that will make but manage at the fiune time the largest vefels of a liglit draught of water keep a fail of the vessel, in an open and rougls belter wind, carry more fail, and roll fea.” In one of the figures attached to Jess: thirdly, in an inverted reduction of this specification, we have a representacapacity toward the ilern, commonly tion of the transverse fećtion of a velel, called the run, by which the relittance is whose fides and bottom are an invertion keitened, without the stability or power of of the ordinary forin, curving outwarıls, currying fail being diininithed by external and catending down to a level with the sonitruction.
under part of her keel, oppoling by their The Patentee has exhibited in draw- extént and thape the greatest rchliance, ings, attached to the specification before to a lee course with less tendency to roll Hs, the ordinary rudder in its utual ttu- or upset, and presenting at the fame time ation, where it requires a magnitude that a ftronger surface to the pressure of the Tenders it burb incommodious and dange- *cargo or weight within the thip. Rerous, and even inadequate to its purpoie; fiftance to leeway may also, we are told, and also one which, it differently placed, be increased, by ribbing, or indenting the might be reduced to one ball, or even coat of the fide, with projecting or binding one fourth part of its pretent dimensions, planks, that obftrućt in a fide direction, with increased effect, its power being not only while they ftrengthen the vefiel and only greater by projecting into more protect the caulking. l'or farther inforactive water, and eeting the current in ination on this subject, we must refer the its undiverted course, but also increased reader to the specification itself, the forms by its relative dittance from the centre which are there given are confined to line of the vetiel's progress.
such parts of the vettel as are below the The manner of working a helin of this lead water line, being limited to the acdescription mult depend on the nature, tive or immerged fubfiance, and capable dize, and service of the vetiel. It may act of being crecuted by ordinary modes of outwards or erther way, he without or in- workmanship. clofed witlun the iteru and Gde, abore or