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known to Collins, Murdin, Jones, Birch, under the necessity of selling his Coland other publishers of State-Papers ; lection. and yet, if we except those of the Earl “ In addition to the two Collections of llardwicke, no papers were more de- which have been already described, there serving of publication. In Mr. J. West's

are many volumes of copies, done ai a Collection, there are also Biskop Kene great expence, from the Tower and Cotnet's Historical Papers, which are very tonian Records. Many of them are of voluminous and valuable: likewise Sur- singular value, as they preserve the couvevs, and other materials for the histories tents of sowie originals which are obliteof the different counties oi' England, par- rated, burnt, or lust. There is likewise ticularly Sussex and Yorkshire, which a very considerable collection of original were collected by Warburton, Anstis, Letters to and from the hings and and other antiquaries; also considerable Queens of England and Scotland, from treasures in the department of family the time of llenry VIII. to that of History and Pedigree, with Heraldical George II. Collections of Le Nere, and most of the “ For the extent of the present CataHeralds and Kings at Arms, back to the logue, no apology is deemed necessary. time of Glover and Camden; and many If any manuscripts ever deserved a ciroriginal Abbey Registers of great value, cumstantial Catalogue, these surely do. as Records in tythe causes, &c. and The trouble which it has cost, and the finally, every paper and volume that expence wbici it has incurred, are far could be procured, relative to the office outweighed by the single consideration, of Secretary to the Treasury, which Mr. that a Catalogue of this description will West enjoyed for many years. His in not only improve the value of the protimacy with the second Harley, Earl of perty, but, it is hoped, confer an imporOxford, seems to have contributed much tant and perinaneut advantage upon the to enrich bim in several of the afore- Republic of Letters." Inentioned particulars.

The “ Portraiture of Quakerism, as “Mr. Ph. Carteret Webb's Collec- taken from a View of the Morut Educution, consisting chiefly of Parliamentary tion, Discipline, peculiar Customs, Reliand Revenue llistory, contains number- gious Principles, Political and Civil Ecoless curious articles relative to the Chan- nomy, and Churocter of the Society of cery, Exchequer, and Treasury, the Spi- Friends," by Mr. CLARK-ON, Communiritual and the Admiralty Courts, Wards cates a variety of curious particulars and Livery, Star Chamber, &c. Among concerning the history and prevailing these are above thirty volumes of the opinions of the Quakers; forming a SePapers of Sir Julius Cæsar, Judge of the quel to Barclay's Apology. Admiralty in Queen Elizabeth's time, and The first part of the Philosaphical Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Mas. Transactions," for 1801, contains only ter of the Rolls in the time of James I, six articles. The first is the “ Bakerian and Charles I. From them may be Lecture, on some Chemical Agencies of gained almost a complete bistory of the Electricity," by Humphry Davy, esq. finances of those reigns, together with The second is “On the Precession of much secret information, and many cu- the Equinoxes," by the Rev. Abraham rious unpublished state papers, connected Robertson. The third and fourth are with the general bistory of those times. by Everard Home, esq. containing an Sir Julius Cæsar's Manuscripts were ex « Account of two Children, born with posed to sale many years ago at an Cataracts in their Eyes;" and some auction, in St. Paul's Church Yard, where “ Observations on the Structure of thic Mr. West and Mr Wcbb became the different Carities which constitute the principal purchasers of them. Mr. Webb, Stomach of the Whale." The fifth arbeing solicitor to the Treasury, was ticle is, “On the fuorination of the Bark likewise attentive to collect all memorials of Trees," in a Letter from T. A. Knight, of the business of that office down to his esq. to Sir Joseph Banks. The sixth, own time. Several volumes of bis Ma- presents “ An Investigation of the genuscripts belonged to Lord Somers; and neral Term of an important Series in the many, not the least curious relative to inverse Method of finite Differences. luw business, were the property of Mr. By the Rev. John Brinkley, D.D. L'mtreville, who, having incurred an ex The Munual of Nobilily," by Mr. traordinary expence in carrying his elec- BANKS, contaios the substance of the cion, as Coroner for Middlesex, was Peerage in a compressed form, referring

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to more copious works for Descents, Strictly speaking, perhaps Mrs. Lui's Marriages, issues, and other minute par Pamphlet" ought to have no place in a ticulars. In point of style, we do not Retrospect or literature. The public, think it peculiarly clegant; but it appears we believe, received an impression from to bave a strong claim to notice on the the evidence which was adduced upon ground of accuracy.

the trial of the Gordons, that is not likely The original design of Dr. Sims's “ In- either to be altered or removed by any quiry into the Constitution and Economy dutence of conduct at this time. le af Alan,'' was to endeavour to give the only wonder that such a defence should reader who might be unacquainted with have appeared. anatomy, a clear and userul conception The last work that we shall mention is of his nature as an intelligent, acuve, and Dr. Grigory's New and Complete conscientious creature; and of his death Dictionary of sirts and Sciences In aud future existence. In the prosecu- this, the articles which relate to the tion of the plan, however, Dr. Sins found several branches of natural and experiso many mischievous errors, founded mental Philosophy, and Natural History; upon and detended by wrong potions of the Chemical Articles, those on Antihuman nature, offering themselves to quities, 'Trade, Commerce. Finance, llis view, that he did not think it right to tory, and the Arts and Manufactures, are pass them by without notice, and there- probably the best. The style it is writjure concludes with a few strictures on ten in is geucraliy unexceptionalle; in them, and animadversions on that irre- the scientific articles it is plain and clear, ligious philosophy, whose pernicious doc- and in some, which admit of ornameal, trines liave been spread over Europe and it rises to elegance. The plates which America, to the inspeakable injury of accompany this very useful work are wel the religion, worais, and interests of thie engraved. inhabitants. Dr. Sims is in his eightyeightli year; we like his work and recoinmend it.

HALF YEARLY RETROSPECT OF FRENCH LITERATURE.

HISTORY.

Prusse,en Saxe, et en Pologne, sous le come WIE French at this present moment, mandement de S. M. l'Empereur et Ros. Europe, appear to have turned iheir at- Army in Prussia, Saxony, and Poland, telition solely to war. We accordingly under the Command of bis Majesty the find that their historical compositions, Emperor and king, &c. with the Forinstead of being dirccted, as furinerly, to traits of the Emperor, Prince Alural, the purpose of tracing the means by Mr. Fox, &c. which small states become great, and The first volume onlyof this work has been mighty einpires in their turn dwindle into as yet publisbed, which is accompanied insignificance, are now chictly employed with a plan of the battle of Jena, and in the details of their own exploits. adorned with copper-plates and six parNot coutent with their vernacular tongue, traits. The next is to contain engravinga some of their writers have recurred to of the king and Queen of Prussia, the that of other nations for this purpose, Marslials de Mollendorff, Kalkreuth, and the language adopted by Sallust to blucher, the Duke of Brunswick, and narrate the particulars of the Jugurthine Mr. Fox, copied from full length pictures. war, has recently been employed to pour. The Author boasts in his introduction, tray the battle of Jena, and the cam that he bas not confined houself to a paigus in Cermany

simple recital of the celebrated actions The following title is prcfixed to an and famous marches of the French army, other work, of which we shall hereafter, but has taken care to compare recent perlaps, furnish a more complete an events with those that have occurred at alysis.

the same theatre duriog former time, tu “ Campagne des Armées françaises, en that officers may be enabled to judge,

and to decide for themselves. In adds We alle de to a work just published, en. tion to this, two celebrated men are tirled “Commentarii de Eello Germanico, brought into contact, and Frederick II. Didot, 1806-7.

who limself wrote a llistory of the Seen

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Years' War, is called forth, from the “Gaul, by its position on the globe, sliades for the purpose of serving as a is most advantageously situate, being toil to Bonaparte I.

placed between those byperborean reIn addition to the correction of a gions which constrain the faculties of variety of geogrupliical mistakes, several man, and those southern climates which aw hentic biographical notices are bere enteeble thein. By means of the north, introduced; und not only such military and north-west winds, it regains all that men as bave perished in the field of the summer heats have deprived it of. battle, are introduced into this gallery of Defended by the seas, by the Rhine, the portraits, but also those who have sur- Alps, and the Pyrenees, rich in wine vived the combat. The basis of the and in com; abounding with inhabitants, work is allowed to have been founded on wich warriors, with engineers, with solthe official relations printed by order of diers prompt as lightning, patient under the French government. The whole of privations, estimating life at a high rate, the bulletins are therefore to be pub- and yet sacriticing it for a sprig of laurel; lished in a regular, chronological series; replete with men of genius, able senbut these are to be accompanied with ators, and profound politicians, Gaul notes and explanations, so as to produce was and ever will be, at all times, and an ainple commentary to the text. under every species of domination, the

“ Thus,” says the Author, “ France, mistress and the example of the world. Europe, and our gallant warriors, tó This assertion is not the dictate of a whom we now address this description of prophetic vision: it is the result of a the most memorable campaign which calculation, arising out of the union of military genius ever executed, will find streugth and situation.” in this work whatever is calculated to At the conclusion, the author combats re-call these glorious events, and pre- the opinion so generally received, that serve the memory of the triumphs of one the lys or lilly was only known to the of the greatest inonarchs who ever re ancestors of the present French as an gulated the destiny of nations."

instrument of war, worn at the ends of "Notice Hlistorique sur l'Agriculture des their lances: lie maintains, that it was Celtes et des Gaulois, &c."-Au historical also respected as a symbol of purity and Notice relative to the Agriculture of the nobility. This subject leads him to the Celts and the Gauls, 8vo. forty-two pages. “ language of tlowers,” employed in the

M. de C. formerly a Prefect of the gallantry of a former age, and lic presents department of the Oise, is the author of bis reailers with a vocabulary of a new this little work. He begins by observing, kind: in fine, the author seems ambithat his studies have always been directed tions to prove that erudition may be actowards the consideration of the na- companied with the graces, and that tional antiquities of his native soil, and it is possible for a fine imagination to adds that this taste has been fortunately embellish any subject. favoured by a variety of circumstances, “ Science de la Histoire, contenant le some of which are of a personal nature. Systeme general des Connoissances à

It is firrther stated by way of introduc- acquerir avant d'etudier l'Histoire, et la tion, that the Greaks and Romans were Methode à suivre quand on se livre à cu very jealous of attributing any discoveries genre d'Etude, developpée par Tableaut in the arts, sciences, &c. to those nations synoptiques.”—The Science of lIistory; styled barbarous by them. Notwith- containing the general system of knowstanding this, M. de C. is at some ledge necessary to be acquired before pains to prove, that the ancient Gauls any one comunences the study of it, and invented the art ot' enameling, and were also the method to be followed in this the first to gild the barness and bridles pursuit: the whole developed by means of their horses, &c.

of synoptical tables, by N. CHANTREAU, In respece to agriculture, it is con- prctessor of history in the military school tended, that every word contained in established at Fontainebleau, ineinber of the modern technical vocabulary is de- several literary sucieties, translator and rived from the vernacular tongue, not a continuator of Blair's Chronological single term having been borrowed from Tıbles, dedicated to his Majesty the any foreign language. He at the same E:1peror and king, while First Consul, time insists, that his natire country is S vols. in quarto. the best wiihin the confines of the ha Of all the pursuits that contribute to bitable cartii, as inay be gathered from the instruction of mankind, that of his the following exulting description. wry is undoubtedly one of the most use

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fal, as well as most agreeable. Accor of the work entitled, l'Art de verifier les dingly, in all countries, and in all Dates, has been adopted. The epoch of languages, we fin a multitude of elemen- the Olympic games serves as a landmark to tary books on this subject; it must never thie Grecian history; while that of Rorac theless be acknowledged that M. Chan- is reckoned from the foundation of the treau is in the right, where he maintains city. The Hegiru is used for the history that too little importance is attached to of the Saracens and all the Mahommethis study in the public schools, and that dan nations ; and in respect to France, such a general reg cct must inevitably the division of time is so adjusted, as to introduce a vicious method of teaching. make the Revolution the chief æra. It is for the express purpose of remedying Adopting a diferent sysiem from the this that he has undertaken the present writers who have preceded lim, M. work, and endeavoured to discounte- Chantreau has divided biographical nance those puerile methods but too chronology into two sections; the one frequently adopted. litherto bistory, political, and the other literary : in the he observes, has been regarded but as a former of these is contained the selfsecondary branch of instruction, and a reigns, the generals, the statesmen, &c: mere object of memory: he thinks how- while the second presents the philosoever, that it is a subject that calls for phers, the liistorians, the men of letters, and demands the severest exercise of the lawyers, the mathematicians, and the the judgment.

artists. To teach it in conformity to his no This is a most laborious work, and bas tions, a variety of preliininary knowledge evidently occupied a large portion of the becomes necessary,

to enable

author's time; but whatever inay be ita youths to study with advaniage. He lias traits, it is too voluininous for translauna. accordingly divided his work into two “ Memoires et Lettres du Maréchal portions, the one of wbich he denomi- de Tessé, contenant des Anecdotes et nates the Notional, and the other the Me- des Facts historiques," &c.—The Mewnirs thodical part. The former is subdivided and Letters of Marshal de Teve; into chronology, geography, and civil containing historical facts and anecdotes organization, which form so inany sepa- hitherto unknow, relative to certain rate subjects. The course of chronology portions of the reigns of Louis XIV.ard constitutes four sections.

XV. 2 vols. 8vo, 1. Mathematical Ch onology, contain The late Marshal de Tessé was core ing the notions relative to the division of sidered by his contemporaries as a man time for the civil and religious usages of of talents; he was accordingly employed Dations.

to negociate with several different curts 2. Documental, or Historical Chro- and kept up a direct correspondence nology, as necessary for the support of with Louis XIV. As he was acquainted facts.

with all the celebrated men of his dar, he 3. Comparative Chronology, presen was of course enabled to estimate their ting the calculations relative to the re- respective merits, and thus at once ainese ciprocal æras adopted by nations. and instruct posterity. This life precedes

4. Chronology of Facts, or the prin- his correspondence, &c. cipal events of ancient and modern his “Les Anténors inodernes, og Vorages tory, properly arranged.

de Christine et de Casimir en France, The present work forms the most ex- pendant le Règne de Louis XIV. esguise tensive article on this subject that has des maurs générales du 17€. orie, hitherto appeared; it comiences at the d' après les Mémoires des deux Ex-sumost remote epoch, and Guishes with the verains. The moderu.Amenors, or Trae peace of Amiens, in 1302; thus enie vels of Christine and Casimir in France, bracing fifty-eight centuries, or the space during the Reign of Louis XIV; 0x of 5,000 years. The inode here adopted taining a sketch of the moners of the is to divide the subject into three dif- 17th century, &c. continued by Prit, ferent columns, the first of which presents bisloop of Avranches. the dates, the second the facts, and the " Tlic subject of this worl," says the third the historical sources or authorities, author in his preface, “is extraeteri itu whence the contirination has been the following neglected passar tai drawn.

younger Fakcine, while trcating alle In respect to ancient histnry, the Chiro- age of Louis XIV." nology. of Usher has been followed, and in regard to modern times, the authority

* Rehexions sur la possit.

It appears as if all the great poets, the XIV. It is well known that he became great painters, great orators, the great Abbot of St. Germaine des Prés, and was philosophers, &c. had determined on a enamoured with a woman whose rank in place and time of rendezvous, in order society was far from being estimable. that they might meet, and dispute toge His unostentatious life, and simple ther, for the palm of glory and perfection character, formed a marked contrast in each particular branch of knowledge. with the prying inquietude and petulant

" According both to the order of dates, vivacity of Christina. He observed, and and the order of geniuses, Descartes is here made to describe, the physical and ought to be placed at the head of the nu- moral state of Paris at that epoch, when merous assemblage of men, who have pleasure and the fine arts divided his rendered that age so celebrated through- nights and his days. out the world. What a multitude of il “ The Bishop of Avranches (the celelustrious names is contained in this list! brated Huet), who had lived in intimacy Petau, Nicole, Arnaud, La Rochefou- both with Christina and Casimir, witnesscauld, La Bruyere, Le Sueur, Le Poussin, ed all the grandeur and all the humiliaLe Brun, Mignard, Jouvenet, Girardon, tion of Louis XIV. whom he survived Lully, Rohault, Mallebranche, Flechier, six years. He sighs here over the misforMassillon, Corneille, and his rival Mo- tunes of the state; he paints too in the liere, La Fontaine, Boileau, &c. Many most lively colours the odious and impoother famous characters might also be litic revocation of the Edict of Nantz. added, so as to comprehend the youth “ Thus are contrasted both the shades ful days of Rousseau. The space of of epochs, and the tints of characters. time during which all these appeared The first æra comprehends the licentious was far from being extensive, for a single ness of the Fronde; the second, volupman had beheld them all; and, indeed, M. tuous and brilliant, is consecrated to the Huet, so illustrious himself on account of developement of the arts; the third, bis acquirements, had witnessed Descartes sooibre and obscure, exhibits every thing early in life, and died ten years after delightful extinguished in bigotry. The Boileau.”

character of each particular personage We are informed, however, that it is seems to be appropriated to these diffenot a gallery of portraits, comprehending rent scenes: we accordingly behold shinthe great personages in question, that the ing in succession, Christina and her folauthor of the Anténors intends to de- lies; Casimir and epicurism; Huet and scribe; he resolves, indeed, that both jesuitism. men and events shall occupy the places Anquetil was the first to furnish the in bis work, which chance has assigned example of the composition of an inthem on the theatre of history; but he teresting work, by means of fragments exis chiefly desirous to designate three grand tracted from contemporary writers. We epochs, and describe three personages have followed a similar track, but yet appertaining to the seventeenth century. have omitted, like liim, to disclose the

** Christina, Queen of Sweden (says name of the author of a inere compilahe) resigned her crown precisely at tion. It would have been far more easy, the moment when Louis XIV. was about perhaps, to have imitated the present to obtain possession of his. The daugh- writers of romances, by infusing into the ter of Gustavus met with the Prince language of the personages brought forof Condé at Brussels, and the Cardinal ward our own particular manner of thinkde Retz at Rome. It was in the society ing and expressing ourselves. But as of these grand actors during the trou- this would he to throw a modern drapery bles of the ininority, that Christina be over an antique figure, a different mode came initiated in the mysteries of war, of has been adopted; throughout the whole gallantry, of politics; in fine, acquired of this work, therefore, the costume is a complete knowledge of all the in- rigorously observed, and the author has trigues, and of all the parties, that had made those whom he has introduced divided France. . She herself, at length, both speak and act precisely as they repaired to that country, for the express would have spoken and acted in their res purpose of assisting at the festivals, the lative situations. amours, &c. of the times.

“ Io short, this is not an historical ro" Casimir, who had been desirous of mance. The author has been desirous to espousing Christina, when he was King open a new career, and has endeavoured, of Poland, resided in France also at the same time, to accelerate the proat the epoch of the grandeur of Louis gress of the art itself

, by plac.ng fiction MONTHLY MAG., No. 159.

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