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as the frame, and truth as the picture danger of becoming their victims: this within it. The result of this plan, and was the case in respect both to the Co-adthis combination, is an historical drama, jutor, and even Condé himself. The las: so that an addition is thus made on the was on the point of being twice carried score of interest, while nothing is lost in off, particularly during an atiair of galpoint of exactness."
lantry; and he was indebted solely to the Tbc character given of Louis XIV. is pity of Rochefoucault for his life on anorather just than flattering. His life is di- ther occasion, as, but for liim, he would vided into three grand epochs. His have been assassinated in parliament." youth is represented as having been spent Her majesty, after this, addresses her in tollies of every kind, which, in general, audience relative to the memorable revowere no less culpabie than ridiculous. lutions which, nearly at the same time, During the period of maturity, he is de- agitated the whole of Europe. She is picted as surrounded with all the splen- also at some pains to reveal the powerful, dour of power and of glory; while tow but hitherto secret, motives, that had inards the end of his career, he is consi- duced her to quit the throne. dered as having fallen into a degrading “ Gentlemen (says she), during an instate of dotage and hypocrisy. At length, terview with Boutteville and Coligny, he is made to expire overwhelmed with when my own had the honour to be reckmisfortunes, bereaved of fame, a prey to oned among the crowned heads, and sorrow, and subjected to the most terri- particularly some time after having sent ble reverses of fortune.
the Count de la Gardie in quality of 801Christina, who is the first personage bassador into France, I began to enterintroduced upon the scene, immediately tain not a few serious reflecuons. I conafter her abdication, arrives in France, at sidered, that like the volcanoes, the erupa momentous period, that of the civil tions of which are felt in so many places wars. She has an interview with Condé at the same time, the states of Europe in the lines of Arros; there also she were then agitated by a revolutionary temeels with the principal partisans of that ver, that exhibited all the synaptons of prince during the troubles of the Fronde, contagion. In fact, it was nearly duand by means of them becomes acquaint- ring the same period that the sared with the most interesting events of so guinary Massaniello, seconded by your singular an epoch. This naturally pro- Duke de Guise, reigned at Naples by duces the portraits of several of the nieans of the inost execrable terror; that most remarkable personages, as well as a the English cut off the head of Charles variety of details relative to the manners I. and that the French were not only and the opinions of that day.
eager in their endeavours to drive away Christina does not appear to occupy a their king, but actually burnt the e very modest part in these annals, for she figy of his minister, for whose murder seeins to throw open her arms to every they had already offered a sum of mu handsome man slie meets with. She, ney." however, to do her justice, does not con Coligny.-" The flame, in short, was dne herselt solely to the orgies of gallane universal; for at that very period the try, but enters into the spirit of all the Turks massacred their Sultan Ibrahi; troubles that occurred during the regeney, the Algerines their Dey; the Moyu! or, as it is here termed, the reign of Ma- overwhelmed Hindostan by means of cizarine. On hearing the recital of those vil wars; the Chinese were conguered by events, her ex-majesty exclaims, "What the Tartars; and, to complete the whole, a court! what a mixture of frivolity and returning to Europe, a conspiracy was encrimne! It appears as if, during those tered into against the life of the King of unhappy times, every species of wicked- Spam." ness had been practised: it seems to ine Christina.-" This proceeded eutirely as if the poniard of Machiavel had been from the spirit of independence that had wreathed with garlands. It is a well discovered itself during the preceding known fact, and every one must own it, age. I myself recollect the moment that the Prince, the Minister, the Coadju- when the train was sct, the aratch was tòr, conspired their reciprocal assassina- lighted, and the North was on the peint tions in succession. Blood has flowed of being devoured by similar ilames. It more than once in the streets, amidst was thensongs and music, and it has sometimes Coligny.-" That you preferred a prihappened, that those who have nnchain- vate condition in die perils of soie ed the populace, have themselves been in reignty."
Christina, on this, blushed, and con- cient athletes, who were daily exercising cluded as follows:
themselves, presented models which are “I have always thought that this sin- no longer to be found, unless it be in gular connection of events did not origi- those countries where they still retain the nate in chance alone, and I have been same games, &c. as the Greeks." more than once tempted to believe in the Christina.-" But the fine male and existence of a tenebrous association, female heads which those statues present, which sports at the same time with both are, as I suppose, of their creation?" governments and people, and which to a Pyjet.-“ No more than their bodies; profound audacity unites unbounded they are mere portraits: and if they had mcans."
invented, instead of imitating, they would It is well known that the Swedish not have been at this day our masters.". queen possessed a taste for literature and “ That Jupiter of Phidias, of which the fine arts, and protected both while the ancients have boasted so much, on the throne: nay, when she quitted it, would not have obtained the admiration it was under the pretext that her resigna- of such a people if he had not resembled tion arose solely from a wish to dedicate a being superior to mortals." herselt entirely to the study and cul Pujet." You have seen at Marseilles tivation of both. Accordingly, during a considerable number of the countryher travels, her majesty did not confine men of Phidias. You have, doubtless, her enquiries to war, and the art of yo- perceived also, the difference that there vernment; she also went in search of is between them and us in respect to men of learning, and artists. These beauty and dignity. Very well! those well known facts furnished the author very Greeks to whom I allude are simple with the ineans of treating his readers merchants, subjugated by the Turks : with several chapters replete with in- imagine for a moment, what a fine chaterest.
racter would be imprinted on the counteAccordingly we are presented with the nance of a Miltiades or a Pericles, a maresult of an interview with the celebrated gistrate deciding in the tribunal of juspainter Poussin, in the course of which tice, after having vanquished at MaraChristina and the Cardinal Colonna ad- thon: conceive whatsoever of beauty the mire and describe the priucipal works of climate could confer; whatsoever dignity that great master. We are next fur- could arise out of bravery, independence, nished with a dialogue with Casimir, re and eminent employments, and you will lative to the state of astronomy in France; then be convinced that the Jupiter of then follows an account of Marseilles, Phidias was imitated after nature, in a recounted by the historian of that ancient country where the artist could be at no city.
loss to find subline models. In the workshop of Puget an interest
“ In addition to this (adds hc), they ing discussion takes place relative to always took care to make choice of the ideal beauty in sculpture, and the rules most favourable moment. Every living observed by the ancient statuaries. thing has its beginning, its middle, and
* The Greeks (says this artist to Chris- its end. The beauty of a youth, of a full tina) have not created those fine propor- grown person, and of an old man, bath tions which you admire in their statues; each its proper and peculiar period, and and the ideal system was to them entirely this was the precise epoch that the Greunknown. It may be useful, I think, to cian artists made choice of. Permit me remind you of the means afforded by the also here to intimate to you the means manners and institutions of that day, in that an able artist may recur to. Imarespect to sublime models; it was in the gine to yourself a very well made man, exactitude of nature that they discovered for instance, one of whose limbs or feathuse fine synimetrical connections, which tures is inferior to the other parts of his established a perfect uniformity. Ob- body. This imperfection, which can serve, that all their statues were of dif- never escape the prying eye of a skilful ferent proportions: those of Venus are observer, is by him instantly corrected. not those of Diana. Apollo does not I do not mean to say that he absolutely resemble Bacchus. It is evident that invents a fine part, which is wanting in a man of agility bas not the same form as his model, but that which is beautiful ina strong man; the one is pliable through- dicates how to amend whatsoever is deout, while the interior part of his body is fective; and he gives to his statue that longer than the superior; the other is of conformity which composes the beautia more square construction. The an- ful.
4 P 2
* I will
“ I will furnish you with an example stage as it were, while Pelisson exbibit of this. You have sometimes seen two a good specimen of the Parnassus of that portraits of the same person, the one very day. It is well known, that Ménage was admirable, the other very inferior to the accustomed every Tuesday to have an original, andyet both possessing a resem assembly at his house, consisting of dear. blance. It is the very same of a statue : ly all the men of letters in Paris. There that which constitutes superior talent is they held academic sittings, which were the faculty of being able to imitate what- denominated Mercuriales, and Ménage ever is supremely beautiful, and avoid addresses the proces verbaur of them to whatever is imperfect. The Greeks were the Queen of Sweden. The aged Coileso imbued with this principle, that you tet, during one of these meetings, is supa will find the same impression even on posed to open the business of the erenthose productions which do not rise
ing with the eulogium of Balzac: bat above mediocrity. Be assured that if the feebleness of his voice not perint: they had gone beyond the truth, they ting him to finish the panegyric, a crowd would have experienced the common des of poets hasten to supply his place, by tiny of falsehood.
reading their respective works. The first í There are several Greek women in who presents himself is the energetic this country, but their style of beauty is Scudery, with his Alaric in his hand entirely different from that of our fe “ It is thus,” says he, “ that Alaric males.' Those you see at Marseilles, expresses his passion for queen Annalawill convey a just idea of Juno, of Mi sonta : nerva, and of all the divinities of Ho
“ Connaissez-moi, Madame, et pais connaismer: he, too, painted after nature.
“ We have several villages in the im Vous trouverez en vous une prudence exmediate neighbourhood of the city just alluded to, consisting of a single family. Vous trouverez en moi la fidélité même. They are the descendants of its found Vous trouverez en vous cent attraits touters; visit them, and you will there find
puissans ; those fine heads which you have admired Vous trouverez en moi ceat désirs inpocess, on Greek statues. But two years since, Vous trouverez en vous une beauté paraite; I could have enabled you to speak to the
Vous trouverez en moi l'aise de ma cétaite. Venus of Medicis. The very agreeable Vous trouverez en moi, vous troa verez ea smile which characterises that piece of Et le cæur le plus ferme et l'object ke plas sculpture, constituted her habitual ex
doux." pression. Her straight nose, small nostrils, &c. perfectly resembled the same
“ Decide!" exclaims he, on the fole features in the Venus; and it may not lowing portrait of a nymph: be amiss to remark here, that they are « Au milieu du bassin vit une néreide never found in any other statue. By be- Qui tâcha d'essuyer son poil coujours humide, coming a mother, her features are alter- Et qui, semblant presser ce poil et loszti ed, and an appearance of care has re beau, placed that gaiety which conferred so En fait toujours sortir de l'écume et de l'eas ""
During the time I resided at Rome, He next in an elevated tone, recis I often beheld a young man who, ac the following epitaph on Radag ise, whe cording to the judgment of all the world, had been killed during a combat is te resembled Apollo. I was desirous to be- Alps: hold him naked, and had the guod for
“ Ici git un guerrier qui trou va peu d'égans, tune to see him one day on the banks of Car son cæur fut plus grand que ces man the Tiber: it was Apollo himself, whom sout hauts." I beheld both swimming and walking." With a view of instructing the queen
The two following lines, of the sout and the reader, in respect to the state of poem, were greatly applauded: French literature, at the commencement
« Est-il rien de plus doux, pour un ca* of the eighteenth century, as well as of
plein de gloire; the characters of writers of all kinds, who Que la paisible nuit qui suit une victoire ** at that period enjoyed so high a reputa The verses that follow, are by Patru, tion; several of those great men who they have ofien been imitated in Esetas were the contemporaries of Christina, are " Je songeais, cette nuit, que de mai (2 brought forward. Corneille, Pascal, Me sumé, zerai, Lingendes, Patru, appear on the Côte à côte d'un pauvre on m'avait ishes
Et que n'en pouvant plus souffrir le voisinage, Louvain, was a brave and generous chief. En mort de qualité, je lui tins ce langage : After being deprived of his dignity by the Retire-toi, coquin, va pourrir loin d'ici,
emperor Lothaire, he possessed sufficient Il ne t'appartient pas de m'approcher ainsi.
courage to struggle against an unjust exCoquin ! ce me dit-il, d'une arrogance ex
ertion of power, and he was enabled to trême, Va chercher tes coquins ailleurs ; coquin toi. his dominions, until Conrad had ascen
preserve his authority over a portion of même; Ici, tous sont égaux , je ne te dois plus rien :
ded the imperial throne. Je suis sur mon tumier comme toi sur le rien."
“ That prince iinmediately restored Here were recited the lines that follow, been deprived of. An anecdote of him
him a title, which he ought never to have by Tristam.
is here quoted, that surpasses all eulo« Ebloui de l'éclat de la grandeur mondaine, giuin, if we but recollect the barbarity of Je me fattai toujours d'une espérance vaine, Faisant le chien couchant auprès d'un grand occurred.
the age, during which this noble example seigneur,
“ The wife of Henri de Limbourg, Je me vis toujours pauvre; et tâchai de pa. against whom he made war, had fallen
raître, Je vécu, dans la peine, attendant le bonheur, into his hands. The magnani nous vicEc mourus sur un coffre en attendant mon tor not only respected her misfortunes maître."
and her honor, but sent her back to the We shall conclude with four lines by husband. What could be more noble, or Scudery, relative to Job, and an epi- of the first of the Scipios in Spain, or the
more heroic, in the vauntcu continence granimatic sonnet, by Sarrasin, on Eve:
delicate attention of Alexander towards « Je vous le dis en vérité,
the consort and the daughters of Darius, Le destin de Job est étrange, D'étre toujours persécuté,
at the period they were his captives? Tantôt par un démun et tantôt par un ange."
Alas, it is too true, that in the distribur
tion of praise, history, like private indivi« Lorsqu’Adam vit cette jeune beauté duals, sacrifices but too much to the
Faite pour lui d'une main immortelle; splendour of conquests, and the captivaS'il l'aima fort; elle, de son côté,
tion of renown.” Dont bien nous prit, ne lui fut pas cruelle. There was nothing remarkable, either Cher Charleval, alors, en vérité,
in the administration of Godefroy II. or Je crois qu'il fut une femme fidelle; Godefroy III. We cannot hou ever forMais, comme quoi ne l'aurait-elle été ? bear to admire the ferocions hrinness of
Elle n'avait qu'un seul homme avec elle. the latter of these, when at the age of Or, en cela, nous nous trompons tous deux; nineteen, being unable to persuade Car, bien qu'Adam fût jeune et vigoureux; Thierri, Count of Flanders, of the injustice
Bien fait de corps, et d'esprit agréable ; of his claim to superiority, he drew his Elle aima nieux, pour s'en faire conter, sword, and after candidiy allowing that Prêter l'oreille aux fleurettes du Diable,
his tutors had promised he should becoine Que d'être femme et ne pas coqueter." his vassal, be placed the weapou in the
“ Histoire Générale de Belgique, de hands of the latter, addressing him puis la Conquétc de César; par M. DE at the same time as follows: “ I am wez."—A general History of Belgiuin ready and willing to permit you to pierce posterior to the Conquest of Cæsar ; by my heart with this sword; but I can neM. Dewez, 4 vols.
ver consent to pay homage to a count This work, is divided into epochs, for so illustrious a Duchy!" under each of which
Henry I. rendered hinself " horribly sented with some interesting period of the famous," after the engagement at NeuBelgic history. It would afford the gene- ville-sur-Mehaigne, where he was overrality of our readers but little pleasure, come by Baudouin comt de Hainault and to trace the uninteresting feuds of a bar- Flanders, by the sacking of Liege, which barous people; we shall therefore recur he abandoned during a whole day to all to a portion of this work, when the na- the miseries of pillage and of massacre. tion in question began to exhibit the ap- The people of Liege, in their turn, cut the pearance of order and stability.
Brabanters to pieces in the plaines de The seventh epoch, comprehends the Steppes, and cruelly abused their victory house of Louvain. Godefroy called le by immolating all the fugitives that fell Barbu, the seventh in the general succes. into their hands. Equally uncertain, and sion of the Dukes of Lower Lorraine, and cowardly in his politics, the Duke for. the first in the dynasty of the Counts de sook Philip Augustus, king of France, bis
father-in-law, to embrace the party of with Edward I. king of England, obtainthe emperor Otho, with whom he was de- ed possession of his territories under the feated at Bouvines, on the 7th of July pretext of confiscation. On this the Fle1214.
mings took the field, beat the French at Soon afier this, he abandoned Otho Courtray, and entered into a league with also, to whom he had given his daughter Duke John, who had made a common in marriage, and then declared himself cause with them. Their efsorts were at on the side of Frederick, his competitor first sufficiently prosperous, but hasing for the empire: “ Thus equally without been defeated at Mons-en-Puelle, Philip benefit, and without glory, Henry 1. was dictated the terms of the peace at Achiere prodigal of the blood and the wealth of sur-Orange, in the month of June, 1803. his subjects; Henry II. on the other hand, John II. being desirous to reform the was constantly occupied for their repose abuses which had crept into the admiand their happiness. This prince, who nistration, at least as far as 35 in his suppressed the odious law of inorimain, power, caused the lords and the depufor which bis memory was long blessed; ties of the cities of Brabant to be asexhibited a singular instance of modesty, semhlad, about a month anterior to his having actually refused the offer of the death. It was this assembly that passed imperial crown.
the celebrated regulations, called the laws ilenry III. was the first who assumed of Cortenberg, because they had met in the title of Duke of Brabant, towards the the town of that name.
One part of his last will is John III. was forced to take part in very remarkable, as it thus becomes evi- that long and disastrous contest, carried dent, thai his mind was imbued with a on by Edward IV, of England, agajust singular portion of humanity towards a Philip de Valois. He was succeeded by class of beings, but little regarded in that his daughter Jean, and Wenceslaus, ler age.
husband. During the war ihat succeeded “ By an express article in it, he en
soon after, a baitle was fought at Sansfranchised from extraordinary impositions, fliet, in the Marquisate of Antwerp, at and every species of exaction, that 'nu- which period, we are told, bombs were merous class of serfi, or bondmen, who first brought into use. This occurred in were then, and still continue in somne 1356. barbarous countries to be, attached to the The 8th epoch comprehends the house soil, sequestered from civil society, and of Burgundy. The gorernment of Jotun degraded from all the clainıs and privi- IV. was sufficiently ten pestuous, for de leges of men."
had not only to combat with his own Alice, the widow of Henry III, held the subjects, but also with his own spouse, reins of government, during the minority Jaqueline, Countess of Hainauit, uto of her children. The eldest of her sons, had separated from hin, and married solemnly yielded the sovereignty of Lower another. It ought to be remembered to Lorraine, to a younger brother, who be- his honour, that he founded the Univercame John I. At this period, we are in- sity of Louvain in 1426: it was his joformed of the pitiful grounds of a destruc- tention to fix it at Brussels, and this tive war with the people of Liege: it ori- would accordingly have taken place, ginated in the theft of a domestic animal, had it not been for the folly of the manot worth a guinea, and was attended gistrates. with the destruction of thousands on both Under Philip, his brother and successides! The author seizes this opportunity sor, the inhabitants of Ghent anst Bruges to exclaim: “ Quidquid delirant reges, were so powerful, that it was found die plectuntur Achivi !"
ficult on the part of their sovereign to A little after this, the succession of subject and punish thein for their ireLimbourg produced an iinportant struggle quent revolts. His son Charles, Count between John and Renaud Count of de Charolois, entered into the famous Gueldres, who disputed his territories combination, known under the name of with him. The quarrel was terminated (ligue du bien public,) the league for the at Woringen; and the duchy of Limbourg, public good; l'aving for a pretext the in consequence of the events of that day reformation of the state and the advaowas reunited to Brabant,
tage of the people. During the time of John II. Philip le Soon after this we find, that the inho. Bel, king of France, in order to punish bitants of Dinant kaving revolted, Phulp the temerity of Guy, Count of Flanders, le Bon caused eight hundred of them who had forined an alliance against him, to be precipitated into the Meuse, where