Sidor som bilder

to the state; for the minds of all the happy lest the fruit of all his labours Greeks would be ennobled, while their bould be lost after his death. Tie senistus ma iners would at the same time be sott- Alcibiades, to whom is about to be trauss ened by a new source of mental pleasures ferred the burden of his extensive authotruly worthy of a man. Pericles promises rity. lle exhorts himn to wisdom, and to to think of this, and at length proposes firinness; above all things he épireais to Anaxagoras, since he had conceived that he should be careful to maintain the such a high notion of the utility of the good opinion of the allies, and a the arts, to consent to become inspector-ge- Sane time to manage the revenues of ine neral of them. This the saye refuses, state with economy. In respect to the but advises to conter the place on Phi- latter subject, he ofers up so se excu-es dias, as he himself wislied to remain for his own conduct: he was desirous, he 6 solely devoted to the progress of the observed, to unite domestic economy sciences; to the examination of nature; with national grandeur. and to the study of the connexion sub Alcibiades on this occasion displays all sisting between causes and elects: thus the tiery temperament of his character. Ascending towards the Divine Intelligence He wishes to shine in Athens, by asium that regulates the Universe."

nishing the universe: bis schemes and In the course of the third dialogne, projects appear unbounded. Phidias accepts, but not without some * The line is at length arrived," eImodest objections, the direction of the claims lie, “ when the Greeks, led by labours which Pericles has contided to the Athenians, shali beco ne nasters ut his management. He at the same time the universe!" He then dispars the expresses himself relative to his own art whole bent of his character, and felice with enthusiasm, and in respect to the tates bimself with the hopes of an extenothers, with sensibility and intelligence. sive authority, derived froin the lavour of The scene is at the entrance of the citadel, the people. for the construction of the portico of “ Aud I,” says Pericles, “ I also was which, Pericles now gires orders. intoxicated with glory during my south;

In the course of the ensuing dialogue, but I al length became acquainted with Phidias repairs to Mount lymetus, where that species which is al ve founded 19 he interrupts the astronomical observa- truth: real glory followed ine fow the tions of Anaxagors, in order to demand moment that I abandoned the other," and receive his advice. Tlie pbilosopher, Alcibiales, after paying a terble hoafter exhibiting an universality of attain- mage to whatsoever apuess sage a id merits, animadverts so as to evince great provident, indulges himself in huis Jung knowledge of the human heart, on the passion. He then excluins, in the une rapa delicacy with which artists ought to be tures engendered by an aident nagingdirected, in respect to their particular tion, " Let a new immer one dai cele studies.

brate in Alcibiades a peu Achie! Let The fifth dialogne takes place in the the chissels of future Philases and Alcaworksbop of a sculptor. Thither Phidias menescs eternize my features! Vav I brings Mnesias, the most celebrated inu

be assured of the alicunot any coaterie sician of Athens, in order that Alca- poraries, and the admiration of any yet menes, who was employed for that pur- unborn!—May the gods but yrant ma pose by Pericles, niglie carve lis bust

. single instant of such felicity, a sugle The latter, who was the ablest of all the drop of this sectar-I shall the die cute scholars of Phidias, enters into an ani tent." Having spoken this, he retires. mated conversation with his two friends, “ A lamp burning in the apartinent, relative to the dilferences between, and conveys a dim lighi, just suficieat to do siinilitude in respect to all the arts. cover Aspasia sitting by the pillaw of the They treat of the specitic iinitation ” expiring hero, who besceches her, at has the generical imitation," and the tran- death, to unite her endeavours with these scendent imitation." Each speaks in lois of Socrates, for the purpose of ma derating One proper character:

the ardent ambition of Alcibiades. She

on the other land, at once cusclaims lier " Dicunt dcbentia dici;". capability of so dificult a task, and met and their style is replete with Attic salt tions her resolution not to survive Peren and Attic grace.

cles. In an affecting inander, she pe The two last dialogues are perhaps the calls past events, and insists on the se most inicresting of the wbule. Pericles, seutiments of love and honour wbicia who is contined to liis bed, appears une ought to attach ler to the illestrious is


she is about to lose. The moment she executed in front of the Louvre, and had concluded, the lamp is extinguished, which has since been erected, although and Pericles espires!"

with certain modifications, under the Such is the abridgment of a work whicla naine of the Pont des Arts. deserves to be read in the original. The MM. de Cessart and Voglio, are the author dues honour to letters, by his at- Engineers to whom France is indehted, tactinent to, and liis progress in them; we are told, for the new method of layand we could wish to see persons of the ing foundations by means of cuissons. saine rank in our own country devoting " This method, originally invented for themselves to pursuits equally bonare the re-coustruction of Westminster bridge, able.

in 1788, by Labelye, a Swiss Engineer, * Traité Elementaire de Calcul differ was not attended with all the success entiel et de Calcul integral, par S. F. which the inventor expected; for one of Lacroix."—An Elementary Treatise, con the piles having broke, he was obliged cerning the Differential and Integral Cal to demolish the contiguous arches, and culus, by S. F. Lacroix, the second edi- re-build them anew. M. de Cessart, tion, revised and corrccted.

enlightened by this example, and also by M. de Lacroix, "ho bas been for many liis own experience, knew how to deduce yeais employed in the education of every advantage that could possibly be youth, here presents the public with an derived from an improved process; and abridgement of a larger work, on the be accordingly made an useful application same subject, well known to the mathe- of his knowledge to the bridge of Saumur, matical world. Of the present, a large which was conuenced in 1757. In the edition has been purchased, within a short course of this undertaking, he invented space of time.

a saw, by means of which four bien can “Description des travaux hydrauliques cut any number of piles under the surface de Louis ALEXANDRE DE CEssarr, Doyen of the water with the greatest ease. des Inspecteurs généraux des Ponts et As the demolition of the ancient piles Chaussées, &c.—A Description of the became absolutely necessary afier' the hydraulic Labours of Louis Alexander erection of a new bridge at Saumur, M. de Cessart, bead of the Inspectors-Gje- de Cessart tuined his attention that way, neral of Bridges and Roads, one of the and soon succeeded in cleaving those Commanders of the Legion of Honour, that could be easily reached. But as it and a Member of several Academies and was requisite to extirpate the whole of Learned Societies: a work printed from them, so as to facilitate the navigation the Author's Manuscripts, and adorned when the waters became low, some new with his Portrait, 2 vols. quarto, with plan of operations was required. He sixty-seven Plates.

accordingly invented a process for their The first volume only of this publica- demolition, by nicans of mines under the tion has as yet made its appearance. water, which would apply equally well to It is extracted from the Papers and Ob- sunkeu rocks," &c. servations of M. de Cessart, one of the The wall, along the quay of Rouen, most distinguished Members of the corps extends one hundred and tell fathoms, to which he belonys, and is said to be and in the course of this work, he made the result of forty years' labour. In the a new and successful attempt to lay the course of it, he intends to convey a de- foundation by nems of piles, which were tailed account of ail the different under- driven in a particular manner. takings in which he has been engaged. " In 1770, the repairs of the Basin of He is at the same time to present an ac- Havre were coulded to the care of M. count of all new inventions, as well as to de Cessart. That able Engineer andere support the validity of his own experi- touk the whole, and executed it in four ments, &c. by means of proofs.

months, at the erence of forty-five abovaThis, wlueis is a very large volume, sardfunks, although the time calcunied contains the particulars of the construc- had been three years, and licensi estition of the Bridge of Saumur, ota Will mated at we bimod an: Six'y the for the Quay at Roueu; the different sand trus. Alle ting the txt 'Und a Works er.cted at the Port of Havre, as moveable biela, Hisir to the bus sto well as those at Treport. The whole dered as a muchas otra concludes with two plans, the one of a dit ndeed with fully de nuestricu ima Turmuy or Morcable Bridye, applicable merceiv asterile contie tiende si le to ti cotrance of Ba-ins; the other of a panain in all the after presenting to Bridge formerly intended to have been the citadel over it, as wie caun nis


destined for the army assembled in 1778, most disgusting animals, after having for the purpose of effecting a descent on consumed all the rotten leather that could England.

be found, and even bones ground and “ The construction of the sluice of formed into a paste, as well as the roots Treport, in 1777, on a spot partly com- of trees iningled with earth, such was the posed of rock, and partly of moving sand, profound hatred of the garrison to their presents a new field for research, relativé masters, such the terror with which they to the best means of laying foundations were infected, that rather than yield in milar situations. In the plan of a through the pressure of fainine, they moveable bridge, so constructed as to at length killed and fed on their own afford a free passage of from thirty-six wives and children. After this, they to fifty-six feet in breadth; the author drew lots for the victims, and concluded makes a happy application of a floating by eating one another. What is to the body, calculated to support the bridge full as wonderful, not one of them, at high water, and to open and shut it whether maid, wife, or youth, whether without any considerable exertion. There father or cluld, ever uttered any comis a model of this Bridge at the Museum plaint, or shed a single tear; on the Des Ponts et Chaussées.

contrary, they encouraged one another “ M. de Cessart, may also claim the to die; they even invited and directed honour of having furnished the first idea the fatal struke; at the same time, making of the iron bridge in front of the Louvre. the survivors swear by the blood that It is easily perceivable that his system theu flowed, to defend to the last extre has been followed on this occasion, with inity a place, on the possession of which some modifications indeed, as to the depended the liberty of the rest of their number of arches, as well as the substi- brethren, as well as their own entire detution of stone instead of timber: but it struction. is not a little glorious to him to have “ This desperate courage, which astoprepared the success of such a work, the nished even ilie enemy, would have refirst of its kind indeed, that ever was tarded perhaps the surrender of the towa constructed in France, at the age of until Eunus had sent then succours, if eighty-two!"

trcason had not proved still more forniThe second volume, which will speedily dable than the Roman legions. Rufi make its appearance, is to contain an lius, no longer hoping to be able to ob Account of the Sluice at Dieppe, of the tain possession of the place, either by laWorks erected at the Port of Becquet, ' nine or force, at length had recourse to together with the interesting details re- treason, and succeeded. By the templative to the project for forming a road at tation of gold and liberty, he seduced a Cherbourg, by means equally new and Syrian slave, called Serapion, who eningenious, but wbich, luckily perhaps gaged to open one of the gates to lin. for some of her neighbours, France has The Romans accordingly entered under never been able to execute.

favour of the night, and when the sun “ La Guerre des Esclaves en Sicile, du arose, the besieged found themselves so temps des Romains, suivie de la Guerre completely enveloped, that they were des trois Mois, &c.”—The War of the forced to surrender. During three courtSlave, in Sicily, during the Time of the plete days, the massacre of these we Romans, &c. by Xavier Scrorani, a Si- happy persons was continued; the city cilian, and a Correspondent of the Nati- was delivered up to the flames by way onal Institute of France. This is a trans- of punishment, for having given refuge lation from the original Italian, in which to the rebels; while those who escaped little work M. Scrofani has collected from the sword, were either dashed from Diodorus, and Dion Cassius, all the against the rocks, or precipitated from particulars relative to the Servile War, the adjoining hills into the sea." He is at great pains to describe the sin The following anecdote which terms gular resolution with which the slaves nates the whole, will serve better than sustained the siege of a town where any words to describe the horror & they had shut themselves up, and to tertained by these unhappy men, of the conmemorate the perseverance with slavery to which they had been furcer to which they supported fatigue and fa- submit by their cruel masters, and cu mine, and all the ills resulting from one not but excite consolation in tur om of the most terrible contests recorded in bosoms, at the reflection of having history.

cently abolished a most cruel and nages “ After having killed and devoured the traflic in our fellow-men,



." After the capture of the city, Ru- the adjoining territories. In addition to pilius, astonished at what had been told this, he consulted all the botanists of the him of the inveterate animosity of the neighbourhood, and he now quotes their slaves, wished that he himself inight see opinions with gratitude. In short, these and interrogate Coma, the butcher of are the result of twenty-five Cleon, who liad been prevented from years travels, siudy, and observation, in either flying, or killing himself, relative the course of which period, the author to the character and talents of his has caused to be transplanted into the brother, and of Eunus. But what can- electoral garden of plants, at Carlsruhe, not the memory of past injuries, and the all the rare indigenous species which he fear of new sufferings effect, even anong hd not hitherto an opportunity of exathe most degraded beings! Coma, on mining with attention, in order that he being conducted before the Consul, re- night remark the changes which cultiplied to his questions as well as his vation produces on thein. In addition Threats, by means of a scornful smile to all this, M. Gmelin, as a necessary alone. Having resolved to perisha rather preliminary to liis botanical pursuits, than satisfy the curiosity of the conqueror, travelled into Switzerland, the Southerii he bent his body, placed his head be- parts of France, the mountains of the tween his thiylis, retamed his breath, and Pyrenees, the kingdoms of Catalonia, pressed his breast in such a manner, that Valentia, Murcia, Arragon, and ihe two in the course of a few moments lie fell Castilles, to satisfy his curiosity, and add down at the feet of Ropilius, without mo to his knowledge. tion, and without lite."

After the generic and individual cha“ Essai hisiorique et littéraire sur la racters, we are presented with the specilic Médecme des Arabes; pará J.Amoreix, names, as well as those imposed by celcMédecinde Montpelier, &c."-An Ilsts brated Botanists, to which are adiled the rical and Literary Essay, relative to the Latin, French, German, English, and State of Medicine among the Arabians; sometimes ilie Italian Nomenclature. A by G. J. AMOREUX, a Physician of Mont- variety of particulars relative to the pelier, and Member of several learned usual habitation of each plant, its duraSocieties.

tion, its colour, its time of powering, its M. Amoreux, in this octavo volune, properties, and its virtues, whether it be which bears the modest title of an of any service in pharmacy, in the arts, Essay," has sketched out the history or in rural cconomy, &c. are detailed. not only of medicine, but also of the So attentive has he been, in fine, to every most famous medical men among the thing relative to his subject, that we here Arabians. The authors of that cation, find a list of the insects hurtful to certain fill up the immense chasin that preceded descriptions of plants, and an account of the general revival of learning; forsciences the best methods of destroying such as are and letters, protected by the Caiipus, noxious to their growth and propagation. flourished both in Spain and the East, at “ Le Chapeau de Paille, Poeme dian epoch when Europe was still plunged dactique de Marco Lastri, associé de in ignorance and barbarity. We are l'Academie des Géorgophiles de Florence, also furnished with several judicious hints et de plusieurs autres Academies.”—The and observations, relative to the Libraries Straw Bonnet, a Didactic Poem, by still existing in those days, as well as the MARCO LASTRI, an Associate of the institutions whether civil, religious, agri- Georgophilian Society of Florence, and cultural, or medical, formed by the Mours. also of several other Academies.

" Flore de Bade et d'Alsace, etc, This is a translation from an Italian rangée suivant le Système de Linnéus, Didactic Poem of six hundred lines, des avec des Figures dessinées d'après Nature; nominated “Il Capello di Pagilia," in par M. Charles Christian Gmelin, Doc- the original. In Florence, it bas been teur en Médecine, &c. &c.”—The Flora the custom during many years past, for of Baden and Alsace, arranged according the ladies to cover their heads with a to the Linnean System, with Figures de manufacture of this kind, which fashion signed after Nature, by M. CHARLES has extended to London, Paris, and all CHRISTIAN GMELIN, &c.

the great Cities and even Tovens of Europe. This, which appears to be a work of The following are the introductory great labour, has not yet been completed. lines to the l'rench version; Before he engaged in such a toilsome

“ Jadis d'Ascra le char're liarmonieux undertaking, M. Gmelin, we are told, Fut le premier dont le talent utile visited the vallies, the woods, and the Nous enseigna cct art ingénieux, mountains of Baden, as well as those of Par qui Cybèle ouvre un sein plus fertile. MONTHLY MAG. No. 169.

4 S





Mais l'art qui sait d'un frêle chalumeau Du rossigno! la voix devient plus tendre, Entrelasser cette tresse légère,

Réveille-toi tardi agricuiseur ; Qu'on voit parer d'un élég int réseau,

Tes verds épis deja run rest ers Aeurs; Non le berger ou la simple bergère,

Vois se gonfleur laurlaiteus Mais un front noble une riche beauté,

perriets pas à leur rolle sub tance Belle Signa l’huni.eur de l'Ecrurie,

De s'endurcir par de trop longs célais; Cet art charmant ne de ton industrie

Crains et la rouille ti le; Fut sous nos yeux par toi seule entanté;

Plus d'une fois sur ton blé jeune encore Ei je veux, moi, que mes heureuses rimes, J'ai vu tomber ies larmes de l'aurore Pre ant l'essor ers les riantes cîmes,

Il en est temps, cueille ces calumean, De ces travaux chantent l'utilité;

Qui vont dans peu le payer tes travaus. Humible sujet dont la fuirlesse étonne;

Voici déja qu'une leste bannière Mais en foulant les plus âfees sentiers;

Conduit saiment et filles et garcons, Quand le ciel veut, on cueille des lauriers : Qui dans les vont apporter la Ainsi cueillit sa brillante couronne Le cygne altier dont s'honore Crémone,

Les voilà tous rangés en bataillons, Lorsqu'il chasta le ver industrieux

Portant à terre une main cé, Qui de son sein file un or précieux.

La paille cède à l'et.ort ravis cur; D'autres encor, par une égale audace,

En courts jaisceaux la dépouille est fondée, Ont su prouver dans leurs brillans essais,

Et sur la tête ou les bras du vaioqueur, Qu'un sujet pauvre était riche en succès ; Suit dans ses murs la triomphanie armée. Et moi je puis en marchant sur leur trace, “ Cours d'Eiude pour la Jeunesse Chanter cet art dont les bien aits certains Française, contenant la Chronolimit, la De la vieillesse et de l'aimable enfance, Géographie, la Mythologie; l'abrese de Du sexe faible écartant l'indigence,

l'Histoire Ancienue des Egyptiennes, des Sait occuper tant d'inutiles mains.

Phéniciens, des Assyriens, des BFRiches produits d'une vile m.

m tière,

loniens, &c."-A Course of Study for Nous vous voyons flotter sur l'onde amère,

the Youth of France, &c. by J. B. Caso Et vers nos murs les bords les plus lointains, Renvoyer l'or en si grande abondance

TILLE, an Instructor, 2 rols. 12.10. Que vos succês passent la vraisemblance.

This little elementary work is intended Toi qui souvent à d'utiles lecons,

as a syropsis of every thing resurred tur As su conner et la force et la grace,

young people, util ihey shall have acMuse, descends des sommets du Parnasse;

quired ihe age of fitteen or sixteen. We Viens à ma voix prêter les plus doux sons.

perceive that the French seem no longer Accours aussi, déesse des moissons ;

to deem Greek and Latin as heretotere, Et, s'il se peut, vois sans null. colère indispensably necessary for education. L'avare main, qui, du sein de la terre,

“Remarqués Physiologiques sur la En leibe encore artache tes bienfaits : Physionomie de la Voix, taisant suitt à Des ornemens que l'art en aura faits

Article de Lavater sur le même sujet." Je veux parer ta téte radieuse.

-Physiological Remarks, relative to the Aux deïtés, sous un léger chapeau,

Physiognomy of the Voice, being the lone Tu vas bientôt te montrer orgueilleuse, tinuation of an Article on the same subEt de dépit voir Pallas envieuse

ject by Lavater; by 1. J. Muniad Di Jetter son casque, incommode fardeau.

LA SARTNE. As the English females have of late Among other curious Remarks, die years manufactured their own Bonnets, Author maintains that the Roman (130 it may be necessary here to remark that

tors liad a greater energy of respiral 01, the author is at great pains to point out and better lungs, than those of minera the proper situation for the culture of the days. This fact is deduced with sue best kind of straw. Above all things, he degree of probability, iroon the quantum advises to avoid a fertile, and make of language usually contained wiltu te choice of a puor, and what is called in


of a single sentence. this country, a “hungry” soil. The high

“ Le Prophetie de Cazotte, &c. -a grounds that overlook the Arno, in the zotte's Prophecy, relative to the French vicinity of Florence, are considered the Revolution, w which is added tur the first best adapted for this species of product. time, Biographical Noies, calculate ta

The grain to be sown, after all the afford an idea of the characters of all the necessary previous dispositions have been persons alluded to. attended to, is called in France, blé This

paper, was found in the pra-inio Mars, which is consigned to the earth of the late M. de la Herpe, it is death towards the conclusion of the winter. At and it is probable, that it was writina length arrives the happy period of harvest: ter the period when he had aljund um Mais le temps fuit: j'entends ou crois former errors, and embraced the chain entendre

religion. D'on vent plus chaud le souffie bienfaiteur : " It seems to me as if ihe following


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