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WAUGH & INNES, HUNTER SQUARE;
AND W. OLIPHANT, SOUTH BRIDGE STREET:
M. OGLE, GLASGOW ; R. M. TIMS, DUBLIN; AND JAMES DUNCAN,

LONDON.

M.DCCC.XXVI.

KF 1311

HARVARD UNIVERSITY

LIBRARY
MAR 5 1841

CONTENTS.

SECT. I. The false Deities known among the Jews. Ahad,

Adrammelech, Ammon, Anamelech. Ashima, Ashtaroth,

Baal, Baalim, Baal-berith, Baal-hazor, Baal-peor, Baal-ta-

mar, Baal-zebub, Baal-zephon, Bel, Bethshemesh, The Brasen

Serpent, Bit-tephuh, Chemarim, Chemosh, Chiun, Dagon, Gad,

the Gammadim, the Golden Calf, the Golden Calves, the

Grove, the Hemenim, the host of Heaven, Light and dark-

ness, Malcham, Meni, Mepheletset, Merodach, the image of

stone or Meshekit, Milcom, Moloch, the Moon, Nebo, Nehush-

tan, Nergal, Nibhaz, Nisroc, On, Phi-beset, the Planets, the

Queen of Heaven, Remphan, Rimmon, Shedim, Semel, Shen,

Shoirim, Succoth-benoth, the Sun, Tartak, the Teraphim,

Thammuz

Page 1

SECT. II. The Places where they were worshipped, and the

Manner of worshipping them. Behind their doors ; on the

roofs of their houses ; in the gates of their cities ; in gardens ;

high places ; groves. The houses of their gods; their altars :

of exquisite workmanship; generally high. Reasons why

their altars were high; why they worshipped in high places.

Why high places were forbidden by Moses; and yet tolerated

under the first temple.--Idols worshipped by adorning them;

kissing the hand; dancing before them ; crying aloud ; cut-

ting themselves ; feasting and obscenity

45

SECT. III. The various kinds of Divination. Magic: apply-

ing to wise men; divining by the cup; sorcery ; witchcraft ;

enchantment; the observing of times; cloud-mongers ; con-

sulting familiar spirits, or Aubs; wizards ; charming ; necro-

mancy; divination; astrology; stargazing ; dreams; con-

sulting by staves or rhabdomancy; making bright the arrows;

consulting by images or teraphim; looking into the liver ;

soothsaying

PART IX.

LEARNING OF THE JEWS.

SECT. I. Jewish Manner of writing. Origin of writing. En-

graving on stone tables, on rock. The inscriptions on the

mountains of Faran, in the wilderness of Sinai; in the plain

of Mummies in Egypt; at the river Lycus ; on the bricks

of Babylon. One of these seen by the author. Engraving

on brass and lead. Books written on painted linen, papyrus,

parchment, leaves, and inner bark of trees, plates of wood

covered with wax. Their pens or styles : sometimes iron ;

sometimes a reed. The ancient form of books in rolls. A

copy of the Veda described, as seen by the author. Rolls

commonly written on one side ; but sometimes on both.

Writings how preserved. Letters, or private epistles in the

form of rolls : how sealed. Description of an Eastern letter

seen by the author

88

SECT. II. Some Account of their principal Books. The Old

Testament divided into the Pentateuch, former prophets, lat-

ter prophets, and Hagiographa. Account of the origin of

chapters and verses. The Books referred to in Scripture,

but at present lost. The Septuagint: Josephus. Of the

Talmudical writings, the following are the most remarkable.

1st, The Midraschim, or Commentaries. 2d, The Midras-

chim Rabbot, or Great Commentaries. 3d, The Pirke Abbot,

or Sentences of the Fathers. 4th, The Mishna, its origin,

author, and contents described. 5th, The Gemara. 6th,

The Talmud. 7th, The Targum. 8th, The Commentary

on the Old Testament by Aben Ezra. 9th, Maimonides,

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