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"tance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will.'
Quest. 12. What special Act of Providence did God exercise towards Man in the Estate wherein he was created?
Arf. When God had created Man, he entered into a Covenant of Life with him, upon Condition of perfect:Obedience; forbidding him to eat of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, upon the Pain of Death.
EXPLICATION...! The Special Act of Providence towards. Man newly created, was, God's making a Covenant of Life and Happiness with him. There are two Covenants for Life and Happiness to Man: And they are, the Covenant of Works, and the Coves nant of Grace : Gal. iv. 24. For these are the ' two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, ! which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.'
The first Covenant was the Covenant of Works, It was made in Paradise, and before the Fall. The Parties contracting in it, were God and Adam: Gen. ii. 17. 'But of the tree of the knowledge of good " and evil, thou shalt not eat of it : for in the day
that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die.. But Adam represented all Mankind, as the Parties contracted for : Gen. ii. 17. forecited. Compared
with Rom. v. 12. ' By one man sin entered into the ! world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon "all men, for that all have sinned. There was no Mediator of this Covenant; for as yet there was no Breach, by Sin, betwixt God and Man."
The Condition of the Covenant of Works, was Perfect Obedience : Gal. iii. 12.! And the law is
not of faith : but, The man that doth them, shall I live in them. And it was to be perfect, in repect of Parts, Degrees, and Continuance : Gal. ji. 10. · For as many as are of the works of the
law, are under the curse : for it is written, Cur. 'sed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them. Matth. xxii. 37. ' Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.' So the least failing in any part or Degree of Obedience, or for never fo small a Time, would have broken this Covenant. The Law that was the Rule of this Obedience, was the Law of the ten Commands, and the Law forbidding to eat of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil : Gal. iii. 10. and Gen. ii. 17. forecited. That Trec grew in Paradise, Gen. ii. 9. There was no Virtue in it to improve Men in Knowledge, as the Devil falsely suggefted, Gen. iii. 3. For 'God doth know, that in the day ye eat there
of, then your eyes shall be opened ; and ye 'fhall be as gods, knowing good and evil.' Com. pared with Jolin viii. 44. Ye are of your father "he devil, and the lufts of your father ye will
do. he was a nurderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in hian. When he speaketh a lye, he speaketh
6 of his own: for he is a lyar, and the father of it." But that Name was put upon this Tree, to inti. mate, that by eating of it, Man would know to his, sad Experience, the vast Difference between Good and Ill: Wherefore that Tree with that Name, was of Use, to be a Warning-piece to Man to beware of evil. Now, Adam knew the Law of the ten Commands, as they were impressed on his Heart in his Creation: Rom. ii. 15.'Which shew $ the work of the law written in their hearts, their $ conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts
the mean while accusing, or else excusing one an
other.' He knew the Law of the forbidden Tree, by Revelation, Gen. ii. 17. forecited. And he had sufficient Ability for the perfect Obedience required, Eccl. vii. 29. 'God made man upright.'
The Promise of the Covenant of Works, was a Promise of Life : Gen. ii. 17. forecited. The Life promised was twofold; namely, one to be afforded
him, during the Course of his probationary Obedi. · ence, another to be afforded him at the perfecting of
it. The Life to have been afforded to Man during the Course of his probationary Obedience, was natural Life continued in Vigour and Comfort, and spiritual Life continued in Favour and Fellowship with God, Gen. ii. 17. forecited. This was the Reward of Obe. dience in Hand. The Life to have been afforded him at the perfecting of his Course, was eternal Life in consummate Happiness : Matth. xix. 16, 17.
And behold, one came and said unto him, Good • master, what good thing shall I do that I may
have eternal life? And he said unto him. If 6 thou wilt enter into life, keep the com.nand
ments. And this was the Reward of Medience in Hope. Adam, if he had continue obedient,
i to do? Thompact, no his wordt of W
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could have claimed that Life upon his Obedience; yet not in the Way of proper Merit ; because his perfect Obedience was no more than what was due from him by the Law of his Creation, before he en. tered into that Covenant: Luke xvii. 9. 10.‘Duth he 'thank that servant, because he did the things that
were commanded him? I trow not. So likewife Thew
ye, when ye shall have done all those things which
ye, when ye mai ' are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable 'servants : we have done that which was our duty 'to do. The only Way he could have claimed
it, was by Compact, namely, in virtue of the Cohe
venant-promise made to his work.
The Penalty of the Covenant of Works was cere
Death, Gen. ij. 17. forecited. The Death threatened was also twofold ; namely, one accompany
ing Sin at its first Entrance, another following - Lif
after as its full Reward. The Death accompany-
opened, and they knew that they were naked ; I and they sewed fig-leaves together, and made 1 'themselves aprons. And they heard the voice
of the Lord God walking in the garden in the 'cool of the day : and Adam and his wife hid
themselves from the presence of the Lord God, L'amongst the trees of the garden. And the Lord
God called unto Adam, and said unto him, 'Where art thou ? And he said, I heard thy 'voice in the garden : and I was afraid, because