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ing world acquainted. The stone bridge referred to in the story of Ichabod Crane still remains, as does the Dutch church, which was built in 1699, and which is the oldest building in the State used for religious purposes. In the cemetery belonging to this church and located in Sleepy Hollow is Irving's grave. In Christ Church, of which Irving was one of the wardens during his last years, is a handsome tablet, which has been placed there to commemorate his virtues, and perpetuate his fame.

Opposite Tarrytown is the beautiful town of Nyack, which is principally built on the river bank, but has many fine residences on the wooded hills which lie just back of the main part of the town, and rise above it to a considerable height. The large building on the bluff just south of the town is known in winter as the Rockland Female Institute, but in the summer it is used as a boarding house, and is called the Tappan-Zee House. A little farther up the river is Rockland Lake, a pretty sheet of water lying among the hills, and of special interest to the inhabitants of New York City, from the fact that from this lake a large part of their ice supply is obtained. The lake itself is not seen from the boat, but a large pier from which the ice is loaded, and numerous storehouses, indicate its vicinity.

Almost directly across the river from the lake is Sing Sing. The peculiar name comes from an Indian word signifying a “stony point.” The town is most widely known as being the seat of one of the State Prisons. This celebrated institution is located about three-fourths of a mile south of the village. The main building is nearly 500 feet long, is five stories high, and “accommodates” 1,200 persons. Instead of the high walls by which prison grounds are usually inclosed the place is guarded by armed sentinels. But without regard to this somewhat exceptional feature of a popular resort the town is one of the most beautiful in the country, and is a desirable place for the tourist to visit. It is built on sloping ground, some of the streets being more than 200 feet higher than others which run parallel with them, and commands a magnificent view of the Hudson at its widest, and also one of its most beautiful points. Tappan Zee lies spread out in all its beauty below, and another broad expanse of the river, known as Haverstraw Bay, is in full view just above. Across the river Mount Taurn rises to a height of 640 feet, Nyack, Stony Point, and several other villages and towns are easily seen, and numerous other features add to the general attractiveness of the landscape. The Croton aqueduct is also an interesting point. The stone arch which supports the aqueduct has a span of eighty-eight feet and is over eighty feet above the water of the Sing Sing Kill. The town contains several important schools, fine church edifices, and many beautiful residences.

Four miles above Sing Sing, Croton Point separates the Tappan Zee from the similar expansion of the river known as Haverstraw Bay. This peninsula, now noted for its splendid vineyards, was formerly known as Teller's Point. It is the place where the Vulture was to remain for Major André while he negotiated for the betrayal of West Point by the traitor Arnold, but from which position, fortunately for the colonists and the cause of liberty, she was driven by a few zealous patriots with an old iron cannon which carried only a six-pound ball. Here the Croton River, from which the water supply of New York City is obtained, joins the Hudson. A dam across the stream, six miles from its mouth, converts it into an artificial lake. The dam is 250 feet long, seventy feet thick at the bottom, and forty feet high. From this lake an aqueduct more than forty miles in length conducts the water to the city. The capacity of the aqueduct is from two million to two and one-half million gallons of water per hour. The lake is easily reached by team from Sing Sing, or Croton, and attracts many visitors.

On the western shore of Haverstraw Bay is the town of Haverstraw. Here, on “Treason Hill ” stands the house in which Major André and Benedict Arnold arranged the terms for the betrayal of West Point. This house now does service as a summer boarding house. On the shore of the river there are valuable banks of clay, and several miles of brick yards in which vast numbers of bricks of the finest quality are made every season. So valuable are these beds of clay that the West Shore Railroad follows a circuitous course to avoid crossing them. In the neighborhood of Stony Point are some limestone cliffs from which immense quantities of lime are obtained. This town also has historical associations, having been the scene of a hardfought battle during the Revolutionary War. The fortifications then secured by the British were afterward retaken by the Americans without a blow. A lighthouse now stands on the ground formerly occupied by the magazine of the old fort. On the opposite bank, and a little above Stony Point, is Peekskill, a small but pretty town, located on the steep hill which rises from the river. It received its name from Jan Peek, a Dutch explorer, who settled here, in 1764. For a while during the Revolution, General Putnam had his headquarters here and Washington also remained here a short time. To the present generation it became somewhat noted as the summer home of the late Henry Ward Beecher. East of the town, and some goo feet above the

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river, is Lake Mohensick. The distance is about six miles, through a picturesque region. The lake is a beautiful sheet of water, and the scenery in the vicinity is delightful. Nearly opposite Peekskill lies Dunderberg Mountain, the first peak of the celebrated Highlands reached in the journey from New York.

From this point, for a distance of fifteen or twenty miles through the Highland region, the scenery is magnificent. Its beauty gives the Hudson a

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valid claim to the title of “The Rhine of America," and fully justifies the claim that it is unsurpassed by any river-scenery in the world.

In the midst of the Highland region is the famous Military Academy at West Point. This town is on the west side of the river, on a plateau some 160 feet above the bank, with still more elevated points lying at but little distance to the west. On account of the school, the historic association of the locality, and the magnificent views which it presents, West Point is one of the most noted resorts in the State. Some of the buildings are very fine specimens of architecture, and have many interesting features and associations. The Museum contains a large collection of relics, models, trophies of the various wars in which the country has engaged, and numerous other

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