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Are drown'd and lost in his calamities.-
gone. Alcib. I am thy friend, and pity thee, dear Ti
mon. Tim. How dost thou pity him, whom thou dost
Why, fare thee well:
Keep't, I cannot eat it. ALCIB. When I have laid proud Athens on a
heap, Tim. Warr’st thou 'gainst Athens ? Alcib.
Ay, Timon, and have cause. Tim. The gods confound them all i' thy con
quest; and Thee after, when thou hast conquerid ! Alcib.
Why me, Timon? Tim. That, By killing villains, thou wast born to conquer My country.
For another print of this tub, see Holmes's Academy of Armory.
Douce. trod upon them,] Sir T. Hanmer reads—had trod upor ihem. Shakspeare was not thus minutely accurate. MALONE.
Put up thy gold; Go on,-here's gold, -go on;
paps, That through the window-bars bore at men's eyes,'
9 Be as a planetary plague, when Jove
Will o'er fome high-vic'd city hang his poison
WARBURTOX. We meet with the same image again in King Richard II:
or suppose “ Devouring pestilence hangs in our air.” MALONE. & That through the window-bars bore at men's eyes,] The virgin that shews her bosom through the lattice of her chamber.
Johnson. Dr. Johnson's explanation is almost confirmed by the following pallage in Cymbeline :
or let her beauty
" And be false with them." Shakspeare at the same time might aim a stroke at this indecency in the wantons of his own time, which is also animadverted on by several contemporary dramatists. So, in the ancient interlude of The Repentance of Marie Magdalene, 1567:
“ Your garment muít be worne alway,
“ I know them that will lay out their faire teates."
“ Nam quid lacteolos finus, et ipsas
Are not within the leaf of pity writ,
Our author has again the same kind of imagery in his Lover's Complaint :
spite of heaven's fell rage, “ Some beauty peep'd through lattice of fear'd age." I do not believe any particular fatire was here intended. Lady Suffolk, Lady Somerset, and many of the celebrated beauties of the time of James I. are thus represented in their pictures; nor were they, I imagine, thought more reprehensible than the ladies of the present day, who from the same extravagant pursuit of what is called fashion, run into an opposite extreme. MALONE.
I have not hitherto met with any ancient portrait of a modest English woman, in which the papillæ exertæ were exhibited as described on the present occafion by Shakspeare; for he alludes not only to what he has called in his celebrated song, the “ hills of snow," but to the “ pinks that grow" upon their summits. See Vol. IV. p. 315,
nor those milk-paps,
Are not within the leaf of pity writ.
“ Must I go shew them my unbarbed (conce?" See also Leland's Colle&tanea, Vol. V. p. 357, new edit. where the ladies, mourning at the funeral of Queen Mary, are mentioned as having their barbes above their chinnes. Tyrwhitt.
The folios read—barne, and not improperly; en is a common termination of a Saxon plural, which we in numberless instances retain to this day. The word is to be explained by bars, but should not have been removed from the text. Ritson. 7 Set them down—] Old copy, in defiance of metre, But set them down. Steevens.
Whose dimpled smiles from fools exhauft their
mercy;' Think it a bastard, whom the oracle Hath doubtfully pronounc'd thy throat' shall cut, And mince it fans remorse: Swear against objects; * Put armour on thine ears, and on thine eyes; Whose proof, nor yells of mothers, maids, nor
babes, Nor sight of priests in holy vestments bleeding, Shall pierce a jot. There's gold to pay thy sol
diers : Make large confusion; and, thy fury spent, Confounded be thyself! Speak not, be gone. ALCIB. Hast thou gold yet? I'll take the gold
thou giv’st me, Not all thy counsel.
Tim. Dost thou, or dost thou not, heaven's curse
PHR. AND Trm. Give us some gold, good Timon:
Hast thou more?
-exhaust their mercy;] For exhauft, Sir T. Hanmer, and after him Dr. Warburton, read—extort; but exhaust here fignifies literally to draw forth. JOHNSON. 2 - bastard,] An allusion to the tale of Oedipus.
JOHNSON, -thy throat -] Old copy-the throat. Corrected by Mr. Pope. MALONE. 4 Swear against objects;] Sir Thomas Hanmer reads:
'gainst all objects: So, in our author's 152d Sonnet: “ Or made them swear against the thing they fee."
STEEVENS. Perhaps obje£ts is here used provincially for abje&ts. Farmer.
Against obje&ts is, against objects of charity and compassion. So, in Troilus and Cressida, Ulysses says:
“ For Hector, in his blaze of wrath, fubfcribes
Tim. Enough to make a whore forswear her
trade, And to make whores, a bawd. Hold up, you sluts, Your aprons mountant: You are not oathable,Although, I know, you'll swear, terribly swear, Into strong shudders, and to heavenly agues, The immortal gods that hear you,—spare your
oaths, I'll trust to your conditions :: Be whores still; And he whose pious breath seeks to convert you, Be strong in whore, allure him, burn him up; Let your close fire predominate his smoke, And be no turncoats:8 Yet may your pains, fix
months, Be quite contrary :' And thatch your poor thin
s And to make whores, a bawd.] That is, enough to make a whore leave whoring, and a bawd leave making whores.
JOHNSON. ( The immortal gods that hear you,] The same thought is found in Antony and Cleopatra, Act I. sc. iïi :
Though you with swearing shake the throned gods." Again, in The Winter's Tale: Though you would seek to unsphere the stars with oaths.”
STEEVENS. 7 I'll trust to your conditions:] You need not swear to continue whores, I will trust to your inclinations. JOHNSON.
See Vol. IX. p. 494, n. 5. Malone.
8 And be no turncoats :] By an old statute, those women who lived in a state of prostitution, were, among other articles concerning their dress, enjoined to wear their garments, with the wrong-side outward, on pain of forfeiting them. Perhaps there is in this passage a reference to it. Henley.
I do not perceive how this explanation of—Turncoat, will accord with Timon's train of reasoning ; yet the antiquary may perhaps derive satisfaction from that which affords no affistance to the commentator. STEEVENS. 9 Yet may your pains, fix months,
Be quite contrary:] This is obscure, partly from the ambiguity