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PROCEEDINGS

OF

THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,

AT THE SECOND SESSION OF THE FOURTH CONGRESS, BEGUN AT THE CITY OF

PHILADELPHIA, DECEMBER 5, 1796.

MONDAY, December 5, 1796.

STOCKTON, appointed a Senator by the State of PRESENT:

New Jersey, in place of FREDERICK FRELINGAUYJoas Adams, Vice President of the United William Cocke, appointed Senators by the State

SEN, resigned; also, of William Blount and States, and President of the Senate. Jonn Langdon and Samuel LIVERMORE, from ing respectively administered to them, they took

of Tennessee ;-and, the oath required by law beNew Hampshire;

their seals in the Senate. BENJAMIN GOODAUE, from Massachusetts;

A message from the House of Representatives William BRADFORD, from Rhode Island; informed the Senate that a quorum of the House

JAMES Hillhouse and URIAH Tracy, from of Representatives is assembled, and ready to proConnecticut;

ceed to business. Elijaa Paine and Isaac T.Chenor, from Ver- Ordered, That the Secretary wait on the Premont; Joun RUTHERFORD and Richard Stockton, that a quorum of the Senate is assembled.

SIDENT OF THE UNITED Srates, and acquaint him from New Jersey;

Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the William Bingham, from Pennsylvania;

House of Representatives that a quorum of the HENRY LATIMER, from Delaware ;

Senate is assembled, and ready to proceed to buHUMPHREY MARSHALL, from Kentucky ; siness. William Cocke, from Tennessee;

A message from the House of Representatives JACOB Read, from South Carolina;

informed the Senate that they have appointed a James Gunn, from Georgia.

joint committee, on their part, together with such The number of Senators present not being suf- | committee as the Senate may appoint, to wait on ficient to constitute a quorum, they adjourned to the President of THE UNITED States, and notify 11 o'clock to-morrow morning.

him that a quorum of the two Houses is assembled, and ready to receive any communications

that he may be pleased to make to them. Tuesday, December 6.

Resolved, That the Senate concur in the above ALEXANDER Martin, from the State of North resolution, and that Messrs. Read and LIVERMORE Carolina, and William Blount, from the State be the joint committee on the part of the Senate. of Tennessee, severally attended.

Ordered, That the Secretary acquaint the The Vice President communicated a letter House of Representatives therewith. from Pierce Butler, notifying the resignation of

Mr. Read reported, from the joint committee bis seat in the Senate, which was read.

appointed for that purpose, that they had waited The credentials of the after-named Senators on the President of THE UNITED States, and were severally read :-Of BENJAMIN Goodhue, had notified bim that a quorum of the two Houses appointed a Senator by the State of Massachu: of Congress are assembled; and that the Presiselts, in place of George Cabo'r, resigned; of DENT OF THE UNITED STATES acquainted the comIsaac Tichenor, appointed a Senator by the State mittee that he would meet the two Houses in of Vermont, in place of Moses Robinson, resign- the Representatives' Chamber, at twelve o'clock ed; of James HILLAOUSE, appointed a Senator by to-morrow. the State of Connecticut, in place of Oliver Ells

whose seat is become vacant; of URIAH Tracy, appointed a Senator by the State of Con

WEDNESDAY, December 7. Decticut, in place of Jonathan Trumbull, re- John Henry, from the State of Maryland, at

of John LAURANCE, appointed a Senator tended. by the State of New York, in place of Rufus A message from the House of Representatives King, whose seat is become vacant; of Richard informed the Senate that they are now ready to

4th Con.-50

WORTH,

signed ;

SENATE.]
Address to the President.

[DECEMBER, 1796. meet the Senate in the Chamber of that House, On motion, it was agreed to consider the report to receive such communications as the PRESIDENT in paragraphs; and, after debate, a motion was OF THE UNITED States shall be pleased to make made for recommitment, which passed in the neto them.

gative; and, having agreed to amend the report, Whereupon. the Senate repaired to the Cham-ihe further consideration thereof was postponed. ber of the House of Representatives, for the purpose above expressed. The Senate returued to their own Chamber,

SATURDAY, December 10.
and a copy of the Speech of the President of
THE UNITED STATES, this day addressed to both ADDRESS TO THE PRESIDENT.
Houses of Congress, was read. (For which, see

The Senate resumed the consideration of the the proceedings in the House of Representatives report of the committee in answer to the Address of December 7, post.]

of the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED States to both Ordered, That Messrs. Read, Tracy, and Bing- Houses of Congress; and, after further amendHam, be a committee to report the draught of an ments, it was unanimously' adopted, as follows: Address to the PresidENT OF THE UNITED STATES,

We thank you, sir, for your faithful and detailed exin answer to his Speech this day to both Houses posure of the existing situation of our country; and we of Congress.

sincerely join in sentiments of gratitude to an overruling It was further ordered, that the Speech of the Providence for the distinguished share of public prosPRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, this day com- perity and private happiness which the people of the municated to both Houses, be printed for the use United States so peculiarly enjoy. of the Senate.

We are fully sensible of the advantages that have reResolved, That each Senator be supplied, dur- sulted from the adoption of measures (which you have ing the present session, with copies of three such successfully carried into effect) to preserve peace, cultinewspapers, printed in any of the States, as he vate friendship, and promote civilization, amongst the may choose, provided that the same are furnished Indian tribes on the Western frontiers ; feelings of buat the rate of the usual annual charge for such manity, and the most solid political interests, equally papers.

encourage the continuance of this system.

We observe, with pleasure, that the delivery of the

military posts, lately occupied by the British forces, THURSDAY, December 8.

within the territory of the United States, was made John LAURANCE, from the State of New York, with cordiality and promptitude, as soon as circumattended, and, the oath required by law being stances would admit; and that the other provisions of administered to him, he took his seat in the our Treaties with Great Britain and Spain, that were Senate.

objects of eventual arrangement, are about being carOrdered, That Messrs. Stockton, Read, and ried into effect, with entire harmony and good faith. Bingham, be a committee to inquire whether any, The unfortunate but unavoidable difficulties that opand what, regulations are proper to be made, on posed a timely compliance with the terms of the Algethe subject of the resignation of a Senator of the rine Treaty, are much to be lamented ; as they may ocUnited States.

casion a temporary suspension of the advantages to be On motion to proceed to class the Senators from fect security from its predatory warfare ; at the same

derived from a solid peace with that Power, and a perthe State of Tennessee, as the Constitution pro- time, the lively impressions that affected the public vides, it was agreed to postpone the consideration mind on the redemption of our captive fellow-citizens, thereof until to-morrow.

afford the most laudable incentive to our exertions to remove the remaining obstacles.

We perfectly coincide with you in opinion, that the FRIDAY, December 9.

importance of our commerce demands a naval force for Timothy BLOODWORTH, from the State of North its protection against foreign insult and depredation, Carolina, attended.

and our solicitude to attain that object will be always A message from the House of Representatives proportionate to its magnitude. informed the Senate that they have resolved that

The necessity of accelerating the establishment of two Chaplains be appointed to Congress for the certain usetul manufactures, by the intervention of the present session-one by each House—who shall Legislative aid and protection, and the encouragement interchange weekly; in which they desire the due to agriculture by the creation of Boards, (composed concurrence of the Senate.

of intelligent individuals,) to patronise this primary purWhereupon, the Senate

suit of society, are subjects which will readily engage

our most serious attention. Resolved, That they do concur therein, and that the Right Reverend Bishop White be Chaplain useful purposes ; the science of legislation being so es

A National University may be converted to the most on the part of the Senate.

sentially dependant on the endowments of the mind, Mr. Read, from the committee appointed for the public interests must receive effectual aid from the the purpose, reported the draught of an Address to general diffusion of knowledge; and the United States the PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATEs, in answer will assume a more dignified station among the nations to his Speech to both Houses of Congress, at the of the earth, by the successful cultivation of the higher opening of the session; which was read.

branches of literature. On motion, that it be printed for the use of the A Military Academy may be likewise rendered equalSenate, it passed in the negative.

ly important. To aid and direct the physical force of

DECEMBER, 1796.)
Address to the President.

(SENATE. the nation, by cherishing a military spirit, enforcing a Ordered, That the committee who prepared proper sense of discipline, and inculcating a scientific the Address, wait on the PRESIDENT OF THE system of tactics, is consonant to the soundest maxims United States, and desire him to acquaint the of public policy. Connected with, and supported by, Senate at what time and place it will be most such an establishment, a well regulated militia, consti- convenient for him that it should be presented. tuting the natural defence of the country, would prove the most effectual, as well as economical, preservative they had waited on the President OF THE UNIT

Mr. Read reported, from the committee, that of peace.

We cannot but consider, with serious apprehensions, ED States, and that he would receive the Adthe inadequate compensations of the public officers, es

dress of the Senate on Monday next at 12 o'clock, pecially of those in the more important stations. It is at his own house. Whereupon, not only a violation of the spirit of a public contract, but Resolved, That the Senate will, on Monday is an evil so extensive in its operation, and so destruc- next, at 12 o'clock, wait on the PRESIDENT OF The tive in its consequences, that we trust it will receive the United States accordingly. most pointed Legislative attention.

The Vice President laid before the Senate a We sincerely lament that, whilst the conduct of the letter from Samuel Meredith, Treasurer of the United States has been uni!ormly impressed with the United States, with his specie account for the quarcharacter of equity, moderation, and love of peace, in

ters ending the 30th June and 30th of September, the maintenance of all their foreign relationships, our 1796; also, his accounts of receipts and expenditrade should be so harassed by the cruisers and agents of tures in the War Department for the quarters the Republic of France, throughout the extensive de- ending at the same time; which were read, and partments of the West Indies. Whilst we are confident that no cause of complaint

ordered to lie on the table. exists that could authorize an interruption of our tran

The Senate proceeded to class the Senators quility or disengage that Repubric from the bonds of from the State of Tennessee, in conformity to the amity, cemented by the faith of Treaties, we cannot but resolution of the 14th of May, 1789, and as the express our deepest regrets that official communications Constitution requires. have been made to you, indicating a more serious dis- Whereupon, numbers one, two, and three, were, turbance of our commerce. Although we cherish the by the Secretary, rolled up and put into the ballot expectation that a sense of justice, and a consideration box, when Mr. Blount drew number two, and is of our mutual interests, will moderate their councils, we accordingly of the class whose seats will become are not unmindful of the situation in which events, vacated on the 3d of March, 1799. Mr. CockB may place us, nor unprepared to adopt that system of drew number one, and is accordingly of the class conduct, which, compatible with the dignity of a respect- whose seats will become vacated on the 3d of able nation, necessity may compel us to pursue.

March, 1797.
We cordially acquiesce in the reflection, that the
United States, under the operation of the Federal Go-
vernment, have experienced a most rapid aggrandize-

Monday, December 12. ment and prosperity, as well political as commercial.

Whilst contemplating the causes that produce this THEODORE FOSTER, from the State of Rhode auspicious result, we must acknowledge the excellence Island; John Brown, from the State of Kentucky; of the constitutional system, and the wisdom of the and Henry Tazewell, from the State of Virginia, Legislative provisions; but we should be deficient in

severally attended. gratitude and justice, did we not attribute a great portion of these advantages to the virtue, firmness, and

ADDRESS TO THE PRESIDENT. talents, of your Adininistration—which have been con

Agreeably to the resolution of the 10th instant, spicuously displayed in the most trying times, and on

the Senate waited on the PRESIDENT OF THE the most critical occasions. It is, therefore, with the UNITED STATES, and the Vice President, in their sincerest regret that we now receive an official notification of your intentions to retire from the public employ name, presented the Address then agreed to. ments of your country.

To which the President made the following When we review the various scenes of your public reply: life, so long and so successfully devoted to the most arduous services, civil and military, as well during the in your Address a concurrence in sentiment with me

Gentleyer: It affords me great satisfaction to find struggles of the American Revolution, as the convulsive on the various topics which I presented for your inperiods of a recent date; we cannot look forward to formation and deliberation; and that the latter will reyour retirement without our warmest affections and ceive from you an attention proportioned to their respectmost anxious regards accompanying you, and without ive importance. mingling with our fellow-citizens at large in the sincerest wishes for your personal happiness that sensibility and military, and your kind wishes for my personal hap

For the notice you take of my public services, civil and attachment can express. The most effectual consolation that can offer for the services, and greater, had I possessed ability to render SENATE.]

piness, I beg you to accept my cordial thanks. Those loss we are about to sustain, arises from the animating them, were due to the unanimous calls of my country, reflection that the influence of your example will ex. and its approbation is my abundant reward. tend to your successors, and the United States thus con

When contemplating the period of my retirement, I tinue to enjoy an able, upright, and energetic Adminis

saw virtuous and enlightened men, among whom I retration. JOHN ADAMS,

lied on the discernment and patriotism of my fellowVice President of the United States, and citizens to make the proper choice of a successor; men

President of the Senate. who would require no influential example to insure to

Proceedings.

(DECEMBER, 1796.

66

the United States "an able, upright, and energetic Ad- amount to two millions three hundred and seven thouministration.” To such men I shall cheerfully yield sand six bundred and sixty-one dollars and seventythe palm of genius and talents to serve our common one cents ; for which there have been paid, in specie, country; but, at the same, I hope I may be indulged in one million six hundred and eighteen thousand nine expressing the consoling reflection, (which conscious- hundred and thirty-six dollars and four cents, as will ness suggests,) and to bear it with me to my grave, that more particularly appear from the document marked A. none can serve it with purer intentions than I have That, subsequent to the said report of the 18th of done, or with a more disinterested zeal.

December, 1795, and in pursuance of the act, entitled G. WASHINGTON. • An act making further provision for the support of The Senate returned to their own Chamber, Public Credit, and for the redemption of the Public and then adjourned.

Debt,' the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund have caused the sum of five hundred and forty-four thousand

and sixty-six dollars and fifty-four cents to be applied toTuesday, December 13.

wards the redemption of the six per cent. stock, bearing

interest, as will appear from the document marked B. A message from the House of Representatives

“ That there is at this time in the bands of the Treainformed the Senate that they have proceeded to surer of the United States, as their agent, the sum of the choice of a Chaplain to Congress, on their sixty-seven thousand and twenty-five dollars and sixtypart, and the Reverend Ashbel GREEN is duly three cents, arising from the dividends since the first elected. And that they have passed a bill, enti- of April last, on stock heretofore purchased and tled " An act to amend the aci, entitled 'An act redeemed, and the sum of ten thousand two hundred for the more general promulgation of the laws of and seventy-four dollars and thirty-eight cents, arising the United States ;" in which they desire the con- from payments into the Treasury on account of debts currence of the Senate.

due to the United States prior to their present ConstiThe last mentioned bill was read, and ordered tution ; which rums, with the dividends to be made at to a second reading.

the close of the present year, and other funds appropriA motion was made that the sum of one hun-ated by law, will be applied on the first day of January dred dollars each, be allowed to the principal and ensuing, to a further rembursement of the six per cent. engrossing clerks in the office of the Secretary of stock, bearing a present interest, agreeably to the dithe Senate, 10 be paid by the Secretary. oui of

rections of the act in that case made and provided. the money appropriated for the contingent ex

• In pursuance of the first section of the act, entitled

• An act making further provision for the supsort of penses of the Senate.

Public Credit, and for the redemption of the Public And it was agreed that the motion should be Debt,' a loan of five hundred thousand dollars was aureferred to Messrs. TRACY, LIVERMORE, and READ. thorized by a resolution of the Board, passed on the to consider and report thereon to the Senate. 28th day of December, 1795, and approved by the Pre

On motion, that a committee be appointed to sident of the United States; which has been obtained take into consideration the compensations at pre- of the Bank of the United States. sent allowed to the officers of the Government. “ The measures adopted in pursuance of the act, with a view (under existins circumstances) of entitled · An act making provision for the payment of making a more just and liberal provi jon for them. certain debts of the United States,' passed in the last it was agreed that this motion should lie for con- session of Congress, being in a train for execution, and sideration.

not completed, will be communicated in a future report.

“ JOHN ADAMS

“ On behalf of the Board. WEDNESDAY, December 14.

“DECEMBER 16, 1796." The bill, sent from the House of Representa- Mr. RUTHERFURD, from the committee to whom tives for concurrence, entitled " An act to amend was referred the bill, entitled " An aci to amend the act, entitled · An act for the more general the act, entitledAn act for the more general propromulgation of the laws of the United States;" muigation of the laws of the United States," rewas read the second time, and referred to Messrs. ported ibat the bill pass without amendment; and RUTHERFURD, Tracy, and BLOODWORTH, to con- libe report was adopted: The bill was then read sider and report thereon to the Senate.

the third ume by unanimous consent, and passed.

The Senate resumed the consideration of the

motion made on the 13th instant, respecting the THURSDAY, December 15.

compensations of the officers of the Government; The Senate assembled this day, but transacted which, being amended, no business.

Ordered, That Messrs. Goodhte. LAURANCE, and LIVERNORE, be a committee io lake into con

sideration the compensations at present allowed Friday, December 16.

to the officers of the Government and members The Vice President laid before the Senate the of the Legislature, with a view (under existing report of the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund; circumstances) of making a more just and liberal which was read, as follows:

provision for them. " The Commissioners of the Sinking Fund respect

Ordered, Thai Messrs. Tracy, Henry, and fully report to Congress

STOckton. be a committee to inquire what laws " That the purchases of the debit of the United States, will expire before the next session of Congress, as stated in their report of the 18th of December, 1795, I and report thereon to the Senate.

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