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Memoirs of John Howard, the Philan- Sumner's Evidence of Christianity... 266
thropist, by James Baldwin Brown, Faber's Difficulties of Infidelity 269
28 Robinson on Wesleyan Methodism 270
67 Mortimer's Sixteen Lectures on ditto 310
107 Dr. Brown's History of Christian Mis-
ib. Life and Travels of Serjeant B. 894
REGISTER OF EVENTS
Church of England Magazine.
JANUARY 1, 1824.
MEMOIRS OF THE REFORMERS.
scribed as a man of piety and grave
manners. He had a remarkable In contemplating the lives and turn for the invention of warlike incharacters of the Reformers, there struments, which attracted the noare few if any individuals to whom tice of Maximilian, son of the Emthe mind reverts with greater satis. peror Frederick III. and other aufaction than the subject of the pre- gust personages, as the palatines sent Memoir. We may, indeed, Philip and Rupert, to whom he hesitate to concur with Mr. Bos- was Engineer of Artillery*. He well in pronouncing him the wor
died on the 27th of October, 1508, thiest of all the Reformers, and in consequence of having drunk may seriously disapprove of the water from a poisoned well in time particular instance in which his of war. Two days before his demildness is by that gentleman com- cease he called Philip to his bedmended, the advising his aged mo- side, and blessing him, said, “ I ther to continue in the old religion; have seen many changes, but there but we must ever maintain, that will yet be greater, in which I pray the cause of the Reformation was God to keep thee safe. And, Ó most deeply indebted to the piety, my son, I charge thee, fear thy learning, and peaceable disposition God, and lead à virtuous life? of Philip Melancthon.
The sorrowing child was then reThis great and good man was
moved to Spires, about eighteen born at Bretten, in the Lower Pa- miles distant, that he might not latinate, on the sixteenth of Febru- witness the last agonies of his reary, 1497*. His father, George vered parent. Swartzard t, was a native of Hei- Losing his maternal grandfather delberg, who settled at Bretten about the same time, and having after his marriage with Barbara, the attained the rudiments of learning, amiable daughter of John Reuter with his younger brother George, (several years mayor of that small at the school in their native town, but respectable town), and who became the mother of the subject allusive of his name and office, viz. Sable,
* Maximilian granted him coat-armour of our Memoir. This gentleman a Lion sejant, crowned or, holding in dexter bore a character for integrity, pru- foot a mallet, and in sinister a forceps. dence, and fidelity, and is de- Philip preferred using for his device,
Serpent banging on a cross ; on which * Camerarius, vit. Melancth., not. ap. Gretser, the Jesuit, made an ill-natured Stobelium.
cpigram; intimating, that it suited him well; ť Græcè, Melancthon ; Anglice, Black- for he was a riper by nature, and deserved land.
to be crucified. JAN. 1824.
he was sent to the academy of refused a Master's degree in the Pfortsheim, where he lodged at following year on account of his the house of a relation, who was youth, and thinking moreover that sister to the famous Reuchlin. His the air of the place did not agree tutor in Latin was John Hunga- with his delicate constitution, be rus, an excellent grammarian, who became a member of the scholastic became afterwards zealous body of Tubingen, in September, preacher. “ He used to make me 1512. Here he diligently studied construe,” says Melancthon,"
from mathematics, jurisprudence, logic, twenty to tħirty lines of Virgil, medicine, and theology; cultivated without allowing any omission; the intimacy of the first scholars; and as often as I blundered he mo- was created Doctor in Philosophy, derately chastised me. To him I or Master of Arts, before he was owe my acquaintance with gram- seventeen; and became a public
He was a worthy man, and lecturer. It was at this period that loved me as a child, while I loved Erasmus spoke of him in such an him as a father, and I hope we exalted manner : “ What hopes shall both soon meet in heaven *."
may we not conceive of Philip MeThe writer of this testimony was a lancthon, though as yet very young, docile lad, who generally excelled and almost a boy,
but equally to be his seniors in their little grammatical admired for his proficiency in both contests. He had a slight hesita- languages! What quickness of intion in his speech, probably from vention? What purity of diction! timidity, as in after-life it was What extent of memory! What scarcely if at all perceptible. His variety of reading! What modesty Greek preceptor was George Sim- and gracefulness of behaviour!” ler, who was subsequently a dis- At this early period, Melancthon tinguished lawyer at Tubingen. discovered at once erudition and Reuchlin came occasionally to visit benignity, in joining with some his sister, and was so much pleased other scholars to defend Reuchlin with her young inmate, that he against the Cologne divines. These gave him an enlarged Greek gram- ignorant and bigoted characters obmar, and a Greek and Latin lexi- tained an edict from the Emperor con, jocosely dubbing him doctor, to burn all Hebrew works, except and putting on him his own cap, the Bible, as heretical ; but on the with which the boy was not a little earnest supplication of the Jews, flattered. It appears, that he wrote that its execution might be stayed a comedy at the early age of thir- till the books had been examined, teen, which his schoolfellows acted Reuchlin was nominated by the in the presence of Reuchlin, to Elector of Mentz to make the newhom it was dedicated.
cessary report. This distinguished After two years, he was removed scholar, knowing how much the into the University of Heidelberg, terests of learning were concerned, where he made such extraordinary performed his task with 'fidelity, progress, that before he completed and recommended the preservation his fourteenth year
he' took of all the writings which were not Bachelor's degree, was appointed expressly antichristian. The ditutor to the sons of a nobleman, vines immediately calumniated him and composed most of the public with the grossest invective; but harangues and discourses that were Melancthon aided him with his delivered in the University, and counsel, and succeeded in rescuing even wrote some essays for the Pro- him from the impending vengeance fessors themselves. Finding himself of the Roman see.
· The office of advocate, always * Explic. Evang. Dom. P. 3. p. 804.
pleasant, is doubly so when exer