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Literary and Scientific Airror.

“ UTILE DULCI." familiar Miscellany, from which religiousand politicalmatters are excluded, containsa variety of originaland selected Articles: comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners quement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Artsand Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual same, with an Index and Title-page.--Its circulation renders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements.-Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents, vir: DON Sherwood & Burnley-T. Sutcliffe ; Dublin-DeJoncourt and Hull-j. Perkins ;

Nantwich-E. Jones;

Prescot-A. Ducker Stockport. Dawson; Booksellers; E.Marl- Bursiem-S. Brougham; Co. Genrl. Post-office; Kendal -M.&R. Branthwaite; Newcastle-under-Lyme-J. Mort; Preston-P. Whittle;

-T. Claye; rough, Newsvender: Bury J. Kay; and the Booksellers. Kirkby-Lonsdale J. Foster; Newcastle-u.-Tyne-J. Finley;

-J. Wilcockson; Sunderlund, G. arbutt; horse, Derd-W. Hoon; Carlisle J. Jodie; Durham-Geo. Andrews: Lancaster-J. Miller; Newtown, J. Salter ;

Ripon-T. Langdale; Ulverston-J. Soulby; Ho-1. Cunningham; Chester-R. Taylor; Glasgow-Robertson &Co.: Leeds-H. Spink;

Northwich-G. Fairhurst; Rochdale-J. Hartley; Wakefield-Mrs. Hurst; alon, Bassford; Chorley-R. Parker; Halifar-R. Simpson; Manchester -Silburn & Co.; Nottingham-C. Sutton; Sheffield-T.Orton; Warrington-J. Harrison; mingham R.Wrightson Clithero-H. Whalley;

-N. Whitley; J. Fletcher; T. Sowler; North Shields, Miss Barnes'; Shrewsbury-C. Hulbert; Welchpool-R. Owen; He-Kell; Brand wood; Colne-H. Earnshaw ; Hanley-T. Allbut; B. Wheeler ; and G. Ben- 'Oldham. Dodge :

Southport-W. Garside; Wigan-Lyon and Co.; th-T Rogerson ; Congleton. Parsons; Harrogate-T. Langdale ; tham & Co.

Ormskirk-W. Garside; South Shields, W. Barnes;

J. Brown; J. Stanneld; Denbigh-M. Jones; Haslingden J. Read ; Macclesfield-P. Hall; Oswestry—W. Price; Stoke-R C. Tomkinson: Wrexham-J. Painter; rit-Hillyard & Morgan, Doncaster-C. & J. White; Huddersfield-T. Smart; Mottran-R. Wagstaff; Penrith-J. Shaw;

St. Helen's-1. Sharp; York-W.Alexander.

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Men and Manners.

subtle points of disputation are to be found in reports, and cipal families of Tuscany had supplied Eliza with he

may be learned in theory, as well as by practice in the chamberlains, her squires, and ladies of honour, all these ON THE CHOICE OF A PROFESSION. several courts; but almost every disease, incident to the persons took part in the entertainments given at the houses

human frame, varies according to the constitution of the of the Receiver-General and of the superior authorities. TO THE EDITOR.

patient, and actual observation alone can impart the neces- I shall forbear here from mentioning particular names, as SIR,—I beg through the medium of your useful mis- sary degree of skill. If these opinions be correct, the young perhaps there never was a more dissolute court than the any to solicit the opinions of some of your intelligent attorney has a greater probability of sooner establishing him. little court of Florence. It was lamentable to behold the respondents upon the choice of a profession ; more par- self in practice than a surgeon, and without hazarding ex. abject submission of the poor Prince of Lucca and Piombino mlarly I wish to inquire, if there be any general advan- penses beyond his income. But the strongest argument in to the orders of the Princess, his wife. When the dis. es possessed by the student of the law, over the young favour of the legal profession, I think, may be deduced from patches arrived from Paris, Eliza always contrived to have Vetitioner in medicine, or the reverse ; and would some the respective situation of the parties in middle life: the in- them given to her at some ball or evening assembly: she your professional readers state the merits of their respec- terruption to his domestic comforts which a surgeon in ex- unsealed the letters, while the authority of her husband evoestions, the discussion would oblige a correspondent, tensive practice is necessarily subjected to, must weigh in was limited to the privilege of opening the public journals. d might prove not uninteresting to the public at large. It the estimation of any man, who would wish to render This afforded matter of ridicule in the town, but as Bac. with wnsiderable diffidence that I subjoin my own senti. home the circle of his happiness : an attorney can assign ciochi was an excellent man at the bottom, he was much nts, conscious that peculiar circumstances have given me certain hours of the day to business, join his family at the better liked than his wife. repossession in favour of the law, once having had the hap- social meal, and even in extensive practice can generally I met with a friend residing at Florence, who gave me les ui possessing a near relative, who united in his own command the

evening to spend in serious study, mixed much information which I desired to have respecting the wracter at the early age of twenty-four, the most pro- society, or domestic endearments by his owo fire-side. In government of General Menou, who had become a Musand legal knowledge, with extensive general reading, advanced life, too, when increasing infirmities disincline sulman in Egypt, under the name of Abdallah. The fate tless integrity of principle, combined with all the softer to exertion, the balance still seems to predominate in his of this General was singular, and his name is connected ings that could ornament the circle of domestic life, and favour; for a greater degree of bodily strength is requisite with circumstances in the history of that period, which talents that could dignify the sphere of public labours

. to continue the practice of a surgeon, than is necessary to will long be inexplicable. No one ever loved pomp and ith sach a model indelibly fixed in my remembrance, 1 conduct an attorney's office. I have said little or nothing maguiücence more than he did, or felt more reluctance to i justified is maintaining, in defiance of common pre- as to the prejudice frequently entertained against the law, pay his creditors. On his return from Egypt, M. de dice

, the posibility of uniting high legal attainments because I would be understood to speak only with refer. Menou succeeded General Jourdan in the government of id pure dassical taste, the manners of a gentleman with ence to the respectable members of both professions. Piedmont

. The Egyptian lady whom he had married, mind of a Christian, a combination that secured to its imagine there is as great scope for quackery in medicine, resided at Turin, with the young Soliman, her son, but bented possessor, even at so early an age, a considerable as chicanery in the law; but one is practised in the privacy he never brought them to Florence. He gave a ball at e of practice, totally unsupported by family interest or of a sick chamber, the other is exposed in a public court Turin, which was still spoken of at the time that I passed nexions

of justice : but I have stated my opinions, Mr. Editor, through that city. The invitations were given out for am disposed to think, Mr. Editor, that the habits more as grounds for refutation, than from any conviction Shrove Sunday, and the ball continued without intermired during the study of the law, are more favourable that they are incontrovertible arguments; and if any of ruption till the following Wednesday morning. During be general stability of character, than the occupations your professional readers will refute them, and give a com- all that time, breakfasts, dinners, and suppers were prethe young medical pupil; a certain steadiness of appli- parative statement of the merits of each profession, I think pared for all the company: the side-boards were continually

in will be the result of what may be termed the mere it would not be unacceptable to parents generally, and replenished with refreshments, and the musicians as they wbgery of the profession ; a youth employed in copying would confer an essential service upon

grew tired, relieved by others. The guests were obliged engrossing for several hours each day, during the space

CORNELIA. to escape by stratagem, to take repose, and change their for 5 years, will have his babits of application and per- Campagna di Roma, A. U. C. 2577.

dress, but the ball was never completely abandoned, and mance materially strengthened, and his mind will be

was concluded with much brilliancy and gaiety. The pared to enjoy the study of general literature as a pleas

Egyptian lady never appeared at this entertainment, and telaxation. If it be true also, that the law has a con

it was thought that General Menou, whose manners were ele povet upon the human mind, its effects cannot

so amiable in the world, was a tyrant to his wife. One more efectually counteracted than by extensive and THE GARDENS OF BOBOLI AND CASCINE.

evening when she was present at the representation of le teral reading, and we may augur well of that mind FROM L'HERMITE EN ITALIE, THE LATEST WORK OP M. JOUY,

Tyran Domestique, by a company of French comedians, can be brought to regard as its amusement, those

[Translated expressly for the Kaleidoscope.]

she exclaimed with much simplicity to some one sitting suits which to many are a serious study. At the

near her, “How like he is to the General, when he is in ad of commencing practice, the young surgeon labours Nothing is more delicious than to hear the stanzas of a good humour.” ler a serious disadvantage, while an unmarried man ; Ariosto recited by the Italian women; their correct and General Menou must have rendered great services to it be possess no private fortune, it is a painful specu- elegant accentuation gives to poetry a charm of which we Napoleon. He received, annually, a salary of 300,000 a to marry, in the hope of amending his prospects, can hardly form any idea. At the time that I was in francs, which were assured to him for life, even when he the reflects, that he may involve in the evils of po- Florence, the fayourite topic of conversation was the beau- had quitted Florence to repair to Venice, where he held those he would shield from every ill; and indepen- tiful reader of the Princess Eliza, who had just married an office entirely without importance

. Notwithstanding of this consideration, a greater degree of experimen- the Receiver-General of the department of the Arno. I this favour, the title of Count, and the great eagle of the knowledge than a young man can be supposed to have never knew a more accomplished or a more beautiful Legion of Honour bestowed upon him at the same time, opportunities of acquiring, is necessary to the obtain-woman; she received a great deal of company, and culti. he could not obtain permission to come to Paris. At of our confidence in a medical capacity. It is possible vated particularly the society of the French. The French Venice, when he was about seventy-two years old, General ske a profound lawyer by deep study alone ; the most in general mixed little with the natives : yet as the prin Menou became desperately in love with the first singer of

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No. XXVII.

the theatre of la Fenice: they lived together some time, but dred and fifty fathoms long, and its front is divided at Pitti, a rich citizen of Florence, conceived the project the latter having deserted him for a young man, the General two-thirds of its height by a semicircular projection. The building this palace in 1440, on the design of Brunelles pursued her to Padua. As all his entreaties to engage her access to the principal door is up a slope, commencing at The work was carried on under his descendants

, and it to return with him proved in vain, the poor General, after a the lower extremity of the square. The interior is exceed- the time of Cosmo the First, this place has not ceased long and not inglorious life, put an end to this adventure and ingly rich and valuable. A lofty gallery surrounds the be the residence of the Dukes of Tuscany, who here to his existence by a deplorable catastrophe. Among the first court, which is rendered gloomy by the height of the contributed to its beauty, and to collect within its tal papers of General Menou, were found plans of the course walls. In the centre of this court there is a statue of the most valuable master-pieces of art. The place a of the Nile, made in Egypt, which, upon examination, Hercules, attributed to Lysippus, a sculptor who lived in Pitti, and the gardens of Boboli have evidently served a were found to coincide exactly with the maps traced the time of Alexander, and executed several works in a model to the park and palace of Versailles. by Danville. That learned man, who had so well ex. obedience to the command of that conqueror. There is The Grand Dukes of Tuscany possess another charmi plored the world, during a life of eighty years, had, never. also a statue of David, armed with a sling, executed by country-house called le Cascine dell'Isola, where there theless, made no other journey than that from Paris to Michel Angelo Buonarotti at the age of nineteen, a Nep- a very fine breed of cows and an extensive dairy. T Soissons.

tune in the midst of a marble fountain embellished by pretty wood delle Cascine, the southern boundary of whi These recollections, not entirely connected with Florence, bronze figures, and an equestrian statue of Cosmo the is watered by the Amo, is, every evening, between t have somewhat carried me away from my text, and the First, the work of Jean de Bologne. My curiosity was hours of six and seven, the favourite resort of the fashid reader will perhaps have asked me before this time, what excited by a singular monument, near the old palace, able inhabitants of Florence. A wide road traverses i is Boboli ? Boboli is a garden of the most enchanting enriched by Gothic ornaments, of which the general and leads to the country-house of the Grand Dukes, bai beauty, even when compared with the finest gardens in proportions were conformable with the system of the an. in the year 1787. The opposite shores of the Arno a Europe, with those of the King of Bavaria at Nymphen- cients. This is a large tribunal, or lodge, ornamented by adorned by the convent and church of Saint Miniato, an bourg, with St. James's Park, Kensington Gardens, Ver- three arcades, and surrounded in the interior by a range by the rich and beautiful gardens delle Cascine, which d sailles, or our delicious Tuileries. In the present day, the of steps built against the walls. The ascent to this tri- scend to the edge of the water. gardens of Alcinöus, such as they are described by Homer, bunal is by a flight of steps surrounding the base of the Returning from this walk may be visited a consent would be little esteemed. The vegetation of England can edifice. The lower extremity is adorned by six marble Franciscans, adjoining to the church of Ognissanti, bear no comparison with the fine trees which shade the statues. Under the arcade, on the right, there is the which the cloister is adorned by paintings in frecce, by gardens of Boboli. Lawns of the most delightful verdure Rape of the Sabines, a highly-esteemed work of Jean de Lagozzi, remarkable for their fine colouring. Amon are intercepted by alleys leading to groves, grottos, and Bologne; under that, on the left, the Perseus of Ben- them there are some portraits of the principal personage labyrinths. A tower built upon an elevated terrace, como venuto Cellini, a statue full of vigour and genius; and of the order, not inferior in vigour to oil paintings, we mands a view of the distant hills and plains, and of the under the lateral arcade, the statue of Judith killing far exceeding them in delicacy. Opposite this carrer towns of Prato and Pistoja. It is well known that the Holofernes, by Donatello.

stands the palace of Martellini, whose antique and are pistol owes its name to the latter town, where it was in- Volumes might be filled with details of the works of gular form carries back the recollection to the troubles yented. During several evenings devoted to the pleasure art accumulated in this palace. Seven spacious apart the middle ages. Further on is the hospital of Saint Job of walking, we could not satiate ourselves with visits to all ments, distinguished by the names of Venus, Apollo, of God, of an irregular style of architecture, but excel the secret avenues, and secluded bowers of Boboli. This Mars, Jupiter, Hercules, the Sibylla, and the Bath, are lently adapted in its internal arrangements to promote eh garden is so vast, that it requires at least an hour and a particularly remarkable for their sculptures, paintings, and comfort of the invalids. The entrance from the stredi half to walk round it, and it is impossible to prevent one's mosaics. There, admiration is divided among the works a wide gallery, having a double winding staircase at the self from pausing frequently to observe the rich and beau- of Salvador Rosa, Borgagnone, Veronese, Rubens, Pierre end. In the middle there is a marble group reprezentin tiful prospects, which present themselves at every turn. de Cortone, Andrea del Sarto, Titian, Michel Angelo, the archangel Saint Michael with Saint John, looking An avenue, bordered by delicious flowers, leads to the Vandyke, Guido Reni, Cigoli, Guercino, Annibale Car- down upon a poor man prostrated at his feet Behind Roman gate, and the landscape here discovered is so racci, Pietro Perugino, Tintoretto, Fra-Bartolomeo, Leo- this group, and at the top of two staircases leading to the varied and agreeable, that one leaves the gardens almost nardo da Vinci, the great Raphael, and many other re- principal dormitory, there is an altar, at the fort si which without regret. nowned painters and sculptors.

I saw several young priests, convalescent patients, attende The Florentines consider their grand ducal palace as A modern and elegant pavilion of the palace of Pitti, ants, and overseers reciting litanies, whilst the sick, sta one of the finest monuments in Italy. It is called the constructed and decorated in the Prench style, commands were confined to their beds, joined in the responses from palace of Pitti, from the name of a Florentine gentleman a view of the gardens of Boboli

. It was the scene of the a distance. who built it. Cosmo the First purchased it, and made it court festivals, and often inhabited by the grand Duchess Near this place stands the Palazzo Vespucci, on the the place of his residence.

Eliza during the summer season, On the recommenda. walls of which the ecclesiastics belonging to the church of This monument, constructed in 1555, after the design tion of one of her chamberlains, I was one day intro Saint John of God placed, in 1719, an inscription to of Andrea Orgagna, is quite consistent in character with the duced into her working cabinet, adjoining a pretty bou- memory of Americus Vespacius, who gave his name period and customs of the republic. There the first offices doir. I could not conceal my surprise, when, instead of the New World. Trinity Church is of very ance of state were conferred, laws were promulgated, and the fashionable ornaments, and elegant hangings, I beheld a origin ; but, as additions have been made to it at different people harangued. This edifice, not less remarkable for display of large topographical maps, spread out upon succeeding periods, its several parts exhibit specimen its original destination than for the beauty of its propor. desks, a number of physical instruments and books of various styles of architecture. It existed in 800; i tions, is now used only as a retreat during the hot weather. science; I should have imagined myself to be rather in rebuilt in 1250; a new front was built to it in 1598, The porters of Florence sleep extendeå upon the steps the cabinet of a philosopher or a statesman, than in that the ornaments of its interior have been added since formerly ascended only by the first men of the state. The of a woman, who, however, it must be allowed, possessed in one of the old chapels, there are some very fine parti place where this palace stands is called la loggia dell'Or- little beauty.

ings of Dominico Ghirlandaio. On the right hand gagna, from the name of its author.

Cosmo the Second had considerably enlarged the mag. situated the old palace of Ceroni, and persons, return Between the palace of Pitti and the Palazzo Vecchio nificent dwelling of the grand Dukes of Tuscany ; weary from a walk in the gardens delle Cascine, there is a long street formed by two piazzas, of which the Leopold added still more to it, less from a love of mag. sorry to find a coffee-house established there, instead de end next the Arno adjoins another piazza less wide, called nificence than from a sentiment of humanity, as he was band of soldiers ready to attack them, as was the case the Piazza of the Offices. This monument was commenced well aware that the best alms a sovereign can bestow upon 1300. by Cosmo the First, in 1561, on the design of George his needy subjects is to supply them with work. An ‘am- Saint Boniface, the lunatic asylum, was founded, in Vasari. When I visited these colonnades they were filled phitheatre and splendid theatre were therefore constructed fourteenth century, by a nobleman of Parma, called Bosch with crowds of people, and I had an opportunity of ob- in the gardens of Boboli, so that every pleasure might be facio Lupio, who was Podesta of Florence. It is not en serving the dress and appearance of the middling class of enjoyed within the precincts of this delicious abode. usual for Italians, who have acquired a considerable for ladies in Florence. There is an elegance in the costume The gardens of Boboli are in the form of a harpsichord, tune, to devote it to the foundation of useful establish and manners of the inhabitants of this country, which I the greatest dimension of which runs parallel with the pa- ments, in order to perpetuate the memory of their names never met with except in Italy. Some of the men have lace. A long avenue, intersecting the area, leads to the In 1789, one wing of this edifice was prepared for the fine features, but there is generally a want of manliness summit of a hill, on the left of which is a pavilion, and reception of foreigners; the other wings inclose the elde in the expression of their countenances. Much less defec. beyond its walls a small fort. This spot commands a and infirm of both sexes, cripples, individuals attacked tive is the beauty of the women. Their figures are slender view of the whole length of the garden, traversed by an chronical and incurable diseases, and young girls under and finely formed, their deportment graceful, and in their immense avenue ornamented by statues in white marble, the patronage of Saint Catherine. A bust of the Grand countenances are happily blended dignity without stern- and vases of the same material, placed as the receptacles of Duke Leopold is placed above the principal door, undera nees, and gentleness without insipidity:

water-falls. On each side of this avenue are woods inter- gallery supported by pillars, and inclosed by an iron grating The palace of Pitti, built of large, hard, square stones, sected by regular' walks, and gradually diminishing in The Grand Dukes had many other palaces besides blackened by time, resembles a fortress. It is two hun. thickness towards the extremity of the garden. Lucca Cascine dell'Isola, and several country houses in the

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wieldy vehicle that bore him through the clouds. He and the rolling clouds heaved up beneath us their var, soared or descended at pleasure, and seldom failed, how. forms, tinted with the golden rays. The unfavourable

ever boisterous his skyward voyage, to cast anchor in seek for some situation which would promise more sce (INSERTED GRATUITOUSLY.]

safety on some soft and appropriate spot which he had se modation. I accordingly threw out a small quantity of

lected when he gazed upon the world beneath him as last, of which the balloon gave indication of feeling the ed ROPOSAL S for a SUBSCRIPTION for PRO

and immediately arose. I now cast my eyes around, to the WIDOW and ORPHAN CHILD of the late Mr.

upon a map.
Mr. Sadler made, in all, no fewer than thirty ascents, purpose of finding a suitable spot on which to alight

plore the vast extent of bog stretched beneath us, for W. W. SADLER, with a Biographical Sketch of the fourteen of which he made within the last fourteen months perceiving a small patch of vivid green, on which is life of that celebrated Aëronaut, and a Narrative of the Our limits permit us only to quote from his own auto- practicable to descend, I again opened the valve, cast out events which led to the melancholy catastrophe of his graph journals the following highly interesting account of Eruphed irons, and, at a quarter past four o'clock, ante no death.

his ascent, in company with Mr. Livingston, from Dublin, distance, and unfortunately came in contaet with the

on the 5th of Nov. 1816, when after a sublime and pictu- which was racing about, alarmed at the appearance of Mr. James Sadler, the father of the young man whose and were benighted in a wide extent of bog; from which wise he would have been torn to atons. The balloon ,

resque voyage amidst the clouds, the aëronauts landed, balloon. The horse was dragged by the leg for a short death we are about to record, was celebrated in the annals they found their way, through the barking of a dog. This became stationary by the hold the grapnels had, and as of aërostation, by the number and success of his ascents. dog, we understand, 'Mr. Sadler kept with much care for exertions were then necessary to expel the gas, so la when, after a Hight, caused by variable winds, of upwards appeared. The narrative is a specimen of Mr. Sadler's with our aerial voyage, which, independent of the site His voyage, in 1812, from Dublin towards England, several years, and it at length, to his infinite regret, dis portion was caused to escape that in a few

minutes the of 200 miles, he was picked up by a fishing boat, in the style, which evinces that his literary attainments were of we had reached, had, under every attendant evil and im Irish Channel, off Liverpool, excited universal interest : and we rejoice to learn that an individual who so often respect to his consideration and goodness of heart. a respectable order, and it speaks no less favourably with ment, completed a distance of thirty miles in the shorte

of fifty minutes. placed his life ia hazard, to gratify thousands of his coun

“We now concluded that all danger was over, and that trymen, has, by a recent act of benevolence of his present favourable appearance of the morning having almost iv. proaching night; in this, however, we were deceived, for

“ Aruse this morning at five o'clock; the cloudy and un- vicinity of some habitation would afford us shelter for the Majesty, been enrolled amongst the brethren of the Char- duced me to postpone the ascent, it was not until near leaving the balloon and quitting the spot on which we ter house, and has thus had secured to him a comfortable eleven o'clock that the signals were made at Nelson's pillar previously descended, we found ourselves involved in asylum for the remainder of his days.

and the Post-office, to communicate a determination to pro- Imminent difficulties and perils attending the traversin Mr. W. W. Sadler was his fourth and youngest son, meet the wishes and gratify the curiosity of a kind and ge- from the long continuance of wet weather had bevezne and was born at Pimlico, parish of St. George's, near Lon- nerous public. The process of infation did not, therefore, soft as to sink under the slightest pressure, threatening don, on the 17th of October, 1796. The great Mr. Wynd. commence so early as was intended, had the weather

proved ingulph us in ruin at every step, and to add to our desola håm had ascended with Mr. Sadler, senior, from London, atmosphere, and the necesssity of increasing the quantity of Darkness, leaving

us without a single star to guide us by and from this arose an intimacy and friendship between gas, from my being accompanied by Mr. Livingston, protract twinkling on our way. Sinking at every step, and dread them, and Mr. Wyndham stood godfather to his name ed the period of ascent to a late hour of the

day. And here the almost inevitable consequences of our alarming situati sake the son.

I have to acknowledge the kind and patient attendance of a our ears were at length saluted by the welcome barking a Mr. W. W. Sadler first committed himself to the guid- animation to my exertions, and whose considerate conduct did it give a degree of certainty to our path which before

numerous assemblage of spectators, whose presence gave dog, which, as it indicated the vicinity of some habitation, ance of the winds in an ascent from Burlington-house, softened every difficulty.

totally without direction. At intervals, therefore, we listea then the residence of the Duke of Devonshire, by "AU being now ready, I entered the car with Mr. Living to catch the renewed sound, and at length, wet, wearied, a whom he was patronized. This was on occasion of the ston, and received the banners from the hands of Lady exhausted, at seven o'clock we reached the door of a cal visit of the royal Sovereigns to this country, in 1814. It thirty-five minutes past three o'clock the signal.gun was barking had been the means of leading us to safety. was his father's intention to ascend; but, in consequence fired, and the balloon ascended. of a want of buoyancy in the balloon to carry his superior and the clouds love and dark, so that we entered them in conducted us to the residence of Mr, Wm. Smith, of the weight, the young man, with pleasure and alacrity, took but beautifully diversified: the bay of Dublin, next in gran- knocking to gain admittance, we were taken by the residen possession of the car. He made an admirable

ascent; and deur to that of Naples; on one side of its entrance protected in Mr. Smith's house for robbers, with which of lite ti such was his activity and coolness in managing the airy by the mountains of Wicklow, on the opposite that of Howth: country has been dreadfully afflicted. Weeduld hear then a vehicle, that the veteran Mr. Sadler is represented as hava ha the front the city of Dublin, with its suburbs skirting the for their fire arms and other weapons to protect thetiseira ing been unable, at the moment, to avoid giving vent to the longer visible to those friends whose gratulating cheers had banners with us, we forced one through the opening of the exulting feelings of a father. As the ascent was magnificent, followed us with their approbation.

Our ascent through window. which

they instantly seized, and inspelngke some so was the voyage gratifying, and the descent perfectly safe: the cloud was rapid, but the sounds from below were still what satisfied them, with the addition of our entreaties. They and it is probable that this first prosperous essay, the suc- spot we had previously left.

then allowed admission for one; but on our both seeing the

On emerging from the cloud fire so comfortable in appearance, we both entered on the cesses of his father, and other concurring circumstances, led through which we had passed, the contrast was of the most door being opened, and our wretched appearance soones the young man, from the adventurous education he had re- striking kind, as we at once

darted from a dark and damp cited pity; for I may say we were the first persons whom ceived, to a closer cultivation of the sublime art of aëros medium into a clear and cheering atmosphere. Iluminated walked & bog in full dress.

On arriving I fell to the groue tation. Certain it is, that few men, possessed of the re. rolled beneath us in vast undulating masses, assumed in a ten-fold degree, the participation of that generous by

by the sun, the rays of which glittering on them the clouds quite exhausted. From their extreme attention we enter quisite courage and presence of mind for such adventure the appearance of a mountain track covered with snow, pre rality which so strongly marks the Irish character to all, la could, when fortune otherwise frowned, have resisted the senting at once an object to astonish, and that the more, in particularly to those who stand in need of it. temptation which this new and almost uncultivated field sudden boundary between light and darkness.

From the ex- o'clock in the morning I arose from my bed, and procee of science held out for the acquirement both of fame and of treme cold we now sustained, and the expansion of the gas, it with a number of men whom Mr. Smith collected to see honourable emolument: and we are inclined to deern having inflated the balloon to its full extent, 1 conjectured The moon had now

got up, and sufficiently lighted cur die lightly either of the heads or the hearts of those who that our elevation could not be less than three miles and tion, and their acquaintance with the place enabled the should designate the pursuit, in such an individual, a

therefore, within ten minutes of four o'clock, opened the with much facility, to reach the spot where we had desti " rash" or " iniquitous presumption." Assuredly, the loon, however, still continued to ascend rapidly, which was

valve, and permitted a small portion of gas to escape; the bal ed, and having found the balloon and cur, they convered science of aërostation has not yet led to any immediate prac evinced by the immediate distance

which took place between thence, on a car with which they accommodated us, to

with extreme difficulty to Mr. Smith's house, and tical result of utility; but it may do much in its maturity. the car and some pieces of paper, thrown out to ascertain the derrey. On our arrival here, and after partaking of bone The properties of gas for illumination, and of steam for

"It was now past four o'clock, and, however brilliant the place on our way home, in a chaise and four horses, for navigation, as now applied, would, if assumed thirty years seene around us, we had still to recollect that darkness was lin, where we arrived at ten o'clock, to the no small fan mulgated their probáble application, would have been deem and that, in consequence, it would be prudent to come down add,

that considering the dog as the chief instrument d' ed more worthy a cell in a lunatic asylum than of a place the valve was accordingly opened for

a few seconds, and the much reason to fear our situation might have proved to among the worthies who have, by their genius, conferred balloon began to descend. Our attention and exertions were I obtained him from his master, and shall preserve him al inestimable benefits on mankind. And we hesitate not to now actively employed in preparing for the moment of reach: friend to whom I am so much

indebted." say, that had Columbus failed in his glorious enterprise in ing the ground, by uncoiling the grapnel rope, lowering it

We cannot here
resist supplying

a brief noticed discovering the New World, and had several failures fol Wernbe capang approached the intervening vels of cloud: Sadler's bold and successful attempt to cross the best lowed in that enterprise (which, at that infant period of nau. through which we had previously passed, and which still, in Channel, from Dublin, on the 238 of July, 1817. tical science, was a more hazardous attempt than an aërial beamokeret, afron this elevation, we at intervals distinctly took his seat, and, after receiving the flags from the

"At fifteen minutes past one, the brave young aerone excursion) he and his followers over the stormy deep in heard the towing of cattle, the barking of dogs, and some and accomplished Lady Aylmer, he was launched interes their frail barks, would, by the bigotted and the ignorant, times the sound of wheels as they passed along the roads break. *

azure void. have been held guilty of a presumption which courted and ing on the sublime and solemn silence

that reigned around "Now the bold aeronaut, ascending far, deserved destruction. We do not consider this as an apology the cloud, where I found myself affected

by a partial deafness;

Launch'd in the azure void his air-borne car; for the unfortunate individual who is the subject of this and shortly after, my companion complained of a similar

High on the winds, with silken sails unfurld,

He waved his pennons o'er the admiring world; brief memoir, but merely as an expression of our opinion, sensation, with an acute pain in both ears. We now rapidly And looming far beneath his eager eyes, that it might be frequently pernicious to damp the ardour passed through the clouds, on leaving which, we gained a Saw Nature's mighty Panorama, rise !" of enthusiastic men in any philosophical pursuit, and thus, view of the earth, which, immediately underneath, struck

us with astonishment at’lts
unsociably dark and peculiar the aeronaut, waving his hat and flags, was seen drinking

“ The balloon remained in view for about ten minste by clipping the wings of science, to keep her from soaring character. to hidden discoveries, which may add to human happiness 4. Being a stranger myself in the country, I was ignorant scured by a cloud; a shaper of rain succeeding, it wa or convenience. Mr. Sadler's case requires no such advo- of our situation, but Mr. Livingston, on our descending again visible for half an hour; and, about half-past two, fed cacy : for never did an aëronaut

study more the advance lower, conjectured (and it afterwards proved correct) that it seen diminished to a speck." In a few minutes afterwards ment of science, without reference to the mere momentary to our then elevated view a widely extended surface,

with "Mr. Sadler's descent was in a corn field, within a med effect of an ascent. He was ever studious of the principles of dark and shining spots, an appearance we afterwards found and a half of Holyhead, at a place called Porthydafuch, willen aërostation, and intent upon discoveries which should ren- was produced by portions of water and small patches of green several people readily afforded their assistance to secure

the tumo. pour view here was extremely circumserived, from the balloon, while he disengaged himself from it, and who are vidus I succeed so far in acquiring command over the un arising from the nature of the ground over which we ho countered a snow shower, which was transformede

This veteran accomplished, we believe, npwards of fifty trast to the brilliant and animating scene we had just left in over, and saw very distinetly, the packet which had sailed 2 snents.

the upper regions, where the sun still blazed in fuilspiendour, from Holyhead on the day before."

[graphic]

Mr. Sadler's several ascents were as follows :--Chelten- power of ascent, he was thus, casually, dashed against few minutes before eight next morning, when death put a bas, 1; London, 2 ; Norwich, 1; Newcastle, 1; Edin. the house. His companion, who appears to have been period to his sufferings.

Those around him did every argh, 2; Glasgow, 1; York, 2; Pontefract, 1; Exeter, 1 ; confused by the previous roughness of the journey, has thing which commiseration or skill could dictate, but his

r2, 1; Dublin, 3; Leeds, 1; Sheffield, 1; Birming- no recollection of the chimney (although the balloon was condition was beyond the reach of human alleviation. 212. 1Derby, 1; Manchester, 1; Rochdale, 1; Ches. seen to strike against it) further than that he heard a noise Amongst those thus engaged was Mr. Aikin, superitend5, 1; Hull, 1; Doncaster, 1; Liverpool, 3; Wigan, 1; like the rolling of stones, which was doubtless the falling ant of Messrs. Simpson's printing works, who not only

Lastly from BOLTON, which ended in the catastrophe of the building materials; and on recovering from the assiduously attended the bed of the dying aëronaut, but at deprived society of a useful member, and science of a shock he missed his ill-fated master, and at first conceived secured what property he had on his person. It was not rsevering son. It now becomes our painful task to sup- that he had been thrown out, or had alighted when near at first known who Mr. S. was; but an individual

present Is a Barrative of that event. We have consulted the best the ground. But, alas! poor Mr. Sadler

had been thrown having heard of his purposed ascent from Bolton, and a uthorities, namely, that of the witnesses on the ground out, though not to the ground. His foot had become en- letter having been found on him addressed to Mrs. Sadler, lear where it happened, and that of his companion, who tangled with a cord attached to the car (either the valve Mr. Aikin was enabled to despatch letters to the unfortunate ras left in the car when the aëronaut was destroyed ; yet cord, which was reeved through a staple at the bottom, or gentleman's friends in Liverpool. It had been Mr. Sadler's we arust premise, that there are many circumstances con- that to which the four ballast bags were suspended) and he constant practice to address a letter to Mrs. S. on the eve rected with the fatality, which, from the want of sufficient hung, under the car, with his head downwards, while of his departure on any voyage, and to carry the letter estimony, must remain for ever hidden from the world. the balloon continued to ascend. It passed over two or with him; and, on some occasions, he has been known to We have refrained from useless conjecture, and confined three buildings and a small plantation, and while skimming write to her when aloft in his balloon. arselves, as far as possible, to the testified facts. over a meadow hard by, about two hundred yards from The apalling circumstances of the tragic scene at Fox

Me. Sadler had received an invitation to ascend from the fatal object of obstruction (to the increased horror of hill Bank were aggravated by an event at once striking Lolton, and was mainly induced to select that place for those who

witnessed the first shock he had received the and deplorable. Mr. Blenkinsop, the landlord of the inn is voyage on the 29th instant, in consequence of an agree ill-fated aëronaut became disentangled from

the cord, and to which Mr. S. was conveyed, and who had seen him ment, we learn, with a respectablegentleman of Bolton, who fell to the ground, from a height of sixteen to eighteen fall, was so deeply affected by the accident, that, though wished to accompany Mr. Sadler on his excursion, and yards. His companion, now somewhat recovered from he had some time before had an apoplectic fit, and was adhedi stipulated to pay a certain pecuniary consideration for the shock, which, he states, had thrown him to the bottom vised to refrain from all exertion that might tend to a rehis passage. That gentleman, however, was prevented, by of the car, was, at the moment, sensible of a jerk; and, currence of so dangerous an affection, he, with more eager unavoidable circumstances, from taking his place in the hearing a scream from the people below, he, for the first benevolence than prudence, hurried off for a surgeon, art and though Mr. S. had several proffered companions, time, momentarily conjectured that Mr. Sadler, whom he knowing, it appears, where one was readily to be found. mongst wbom was a young lady, he, in consequence of did not see, had been somehow attached to the balloon, He met the surgeon in the fields while

on his way, and he rather windy state of the weather, preferred taking and that something fatal had occurred. When Mr. S had scarcely addressed a few words to him, when he ith him a servant of his own, a man who had been a hung suspended, his arms were extended, and the leg dropped down and almost instantly expired. He was a atehman in this town. The ascent took place at about which was loose hung down. His companion did not hear respectable man with a wife and family of four children;

or twelve minutes past two, from the area of the gas- him utter a word ; and we thence arrive at a conclusion and the poor woman's situation at the loss of her husband, orks, to the entire gratification of assembled multitudes. less appalling than that he was then sensible of his horri- added to the fact of Mr. Sadler lying at the same time in The rosage, until the descent, was agreeable and

pro- fying

situation, just previous to his fall. He appeared to be a dying state under her roof, was lamentably distressing. ising: at a convenient height Mr.

Sadler drank, as paralyzed by the blow he had received ; and the fracture As soon as Mrs. Sadler received the letter addressed to rual, to the health of the people of Bolton," and af- which it was afterwards found he had received on the head her by her husband, and forwarded by Mr. Aikin, and ards to "wives and families.' The greatest altitude (which the physicians are of opinion could not have been which too truly intimated that some accident had occurred, the balloon was probably about a mile and a half; and produced by his fall on the soft meadow

where he was she immediately set out in company with Mr. Armstrong, direction was north, with a little easting. On coming picked up) confirms the idea, to which the mind hurries for the recent companion of Mr. Sadler from Wigan ; a gen: to Fos-hill Bank, about five miles east of Blackburn, relief, that he was unconscious of his fate.

tleman who had been intimate with Mr. Sadler, and who E. Sadler remarked to his companion that they ap- When taken up he was altogether insensible; and he was deeply interested in his prosperity. Mr. A. who did Pached a fine place for the descent; and he seemed to never afterwards had power to articulate a word or to open not augur any thing fatal from what he had heard, was ve selected a particular field for that parpose. He his eyes. His fall took place about half-past two, or twenty shocked on learning, on their arrival at Blackburn, that led out to a number of people, whom he saw, to as minutes after the ascent; and the spot is about fourteen Mr. Sadler was no more; and, with a due regard to the ; and the grapnel soon after took effect in a field; but miles distant from Bolton.

feelings of Mrs. S., who is far advanced in pregnancy, he ring to the velocity of the balloon, the car received a To return to his companion : he has little precise recol prepared her for the painful intelligence by representing slent jerk, which tore the anchor from the ground with lection of any event afterwards, with the exception of the the serious fall, and finally the almost hopeless state in Ich violence that it was nearly thrown back into the car. fact, that, finding himself borne rapidly aloft, he was de which Mr. Sadler lay. He sent for Dr. Barlow; and "he balloon continued to skim along the ground, striking sirous, he states, of descending, and that he accordingly Mrs. S.'s distress of mind, and anxiety instantly to post on, he car against several objects in the way; and the iron pulled the cord of the valve. The balloon rapidly des- and her entreaties to know the worst, induced that gengain took effect near a hedge, but did not bring up the bal- cended, as he supposed, and his next reminiscence is, tleman at length to disclose the lamentable fact. Mrs. s. Don, which again ascended a little. The third time the grap- that he found himself lying on his back close to some was violently affected; but she determined to proceed to el struck firmly into the root of a tree (where it was, with railings, in a field. The car had probably struck the Fox-hill Bank. Thither she was accompanied by Mr. ther articles thrown out of the car, afterwards found) and fence, and, being jerked over it, had upset, and thrown Armstrong, who did every thing to dissuade her from te sudlen pull of the balloon broke the rope. Mr. Sadler out poor Donolly, who, considering the confused state viewing the corpse; but finding her resolved, he endeavoured on after said to his companion, as if under disappoint- which he acknowledges himself to have been in, may to palliate the effects on the unfortunate lady, of a last

," James, the grapnel is broken," and he instantly be thankful that he escaped a more disastrous fate. look on the disfigured remains of her ill-fated' husband. led to the people below to assist him. There were He gazed upon the balloon for some time, as he lay on The scene was awfully distressing, but afforded the wibags of ballast left, hung to a rope over the car, both his back, and saw it soar from the earth to a great height; dowed Mrs. S. a relieving—melancholy

satisfaction. Haya lighien it by touching the ground before the car, and gathering himself up." as he emphatically terms it, ing made some necessary arrangements, Mr. A. returned and for the people to lay hold of. The broken rope, also, he found that his arm was broken by his fall, and that he to Blackburn with Mrs. Sadler, whose precarious health and down and, about this time, two men state, that was otherwise bruised. A great coat and one of the rendered it advisable to rest. Next morning Mr. A. res laid hold of the latter, but from its shortness, the cushions of the car lay beside

him. He had been dropped turned to Fox-hill, to attend the inquest, at which, in Depuent want of purchase to arrest the progress of the about four miles from the spot where poor Mr. Sadler accordance with testimony, agreeing with our narrative, Hoz, and fearful of being lifted aloft, they at length fell : he made his way to the nearest house, and at a verdict of accidental death was returned, with a deodand Bu The car was then dragged through an opening length, after being indifferently received at the first toll of 25. on the car and balloon. Having made arrangeSledge, at which it grazed against the rotten stump bar, reached Whalley, where he experienced much hos ments for the removal of the body, Mr. A. rejoined Mrs. a tree. Mr. Sadler then again cried out to the people pitality at the inn, and received surgical aid.

Sadler, and arrived at Liverpool at an early hour on Saassist him; but some of them, it appears, could not To return to Mr. Sadler : he was immediately carried turday morning, having on part of the way accompanied Flake him, and others, it is to be lamented (many of to an inn kept by Mr. Blenkinsop, at the village of Fox- the hearse. en women) did not understand what was required, hill Bank. Several medical gentlemen soon came to his The sorrow of the public, throughout the whole of the were afraid of some fancied danger; and the aeronaut assistance, and an attempt was made to bleed him, but they county, was never more intense than at the lamentable cacontrary, no doubt, to his anticipation, suddenly, were successful in drawing only a few drops of blood. tastrophe of Mr. Sadler's death. The most pressing solicitaapon

his own resources, with an obstacle in front He now began to bleed profusely from the fracture on the tions were sent from Bolton, that the hearse should pass bita which it is probable he did not see. One person back part of the head. An express was instantly de through that town, to gratify the universal wish of the

infetuale) says that he stood up in the car crying

out to spatched for Mr. Barlow, an eminent surgeon at Black- habitants to pay every respect to the memory of the de. Ice of the balloon, in front, to stand ready to assist him. ness for any operation which that gentlemen

might deem hearse, in consequence, passed slowly through that town, this moment, observing, probably, thattheir services were proper to advise. He arrived in about an hour, and, followed by the chaise in which were Mr. Armstrong Ta sely to be available, the balloon was again suffered to finding a portion of the skull on the right side broken, and Mrs. Sadler. A request was made from the Commer Ndand, while in the act, it came, driven by the wind, with the assistance of the other medical gentlemen, por cial Inn there, where the committee to conduct the ascent ontact with the chimney of a small dwelling house, the tions of the parietal and temporal bones were extracted, 1 had before met, that the hearse should stop a short time ne height of which was only about fifteen feet, and in the hope of restoring sensibility. The patient seemed to enable them and other gentlemen to assemble, who

was thrown down, so violent was the blow. The to feel the pain of the operation; but it did not appear that were desirous of accompanying it through the town; but, bability is, from the nature of the bruises which the it produced any relief. All that human skill

could do was owing to Mrs. Sadler's distressed state of mind, it was tunate aeronaut received, that he was standing

up at done, but
he lay speechless and insensible, without

open: deemed prudent to proceed without delay. The procesStance to secure the balloon, it was driven close upon his left hand, with which he frequently rubbed his side, viduals, amongst whom were many females, who, at building before he perceived his danger; and from its and some slight motion of the left foot. It was found that slow pace, followed the hearse through the town, and

antal velocity there being no time to give it a speedy one rib was broken, and that he was otherwise dreadfully many of them far beyond it. The chaise then preceded We have heard it stated that the intended sum will be crushed. He continued throughout the night to bleed the hearae to Liverpool; and at Wigan, where, Mr. Sadler over to Mr. Sadler's family,

; ,

(CONCLUDED IN PAGE 120.)

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