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munication to the Kaleidoscope ; in reply to the introduc- 1 DEAR SIR,—In compliance with your request I shall, THEATREL OF MAGIC, GOLDEN LION, DALE-STREI tory observations, having, as he recommended, consulted attempt, as briefly and correctly as possible, to describe M R CHARLESERLAST WEEK-At the LARO a Dictionary. I find, “Connoisseur—a judge, a critic; it the very strange manner in which I found myself affected, sent Evening, and every Evening this Week, Mr. CHARD is sometimes used as a pretended critic," —Johnson. I by inhaling the nitrous oxide which you administered to MENTS in ELECTRICITY, GALVANISM, MAGNETIS leave the application of this to the readers of your paper, me a few days since, in the presence of some friends. I PHILOSOPHICAL, RECREATIONS, ILLUSIONS LA VE and

the judges of art. As he has recommended me to believe my dose, which did not exceed two quarts, may be toon SM i Rod Sy desire efter en persons of dista consult one book, I should advise him to peruse another, considered a very moderate potion ; and I can readily LAUGHING GAS, will be administered between the 1st 48

2nd Act. * Richardson on the Science and Qualifications of a Con-conceive, that had it heen augmented, the symptoms Boxes 3s. Pit 2s. Gallery 1s. Children half-prista noisseur,” which will, perhaps, enlighten his mind as to would have been proportionably aggravated, and perhaps Doors open at Half-past Seven-Performance committee

at Eight o'clock. the propriety of the signature he has assumed.

varied also in their character. I should consider “ A Connoissicur's” expressions of Before the mouth-piece of the bag was removed from "envy,” “able critics,” “ chicken-hearted gentlemen," my lips, I was affected with a slight oppression in the head

To Correspondents. &c. &c. of equal value with his splendid and correct criti- and temples, somewhat resembling the sensation felt in the SUBSCRIPTION FOR MR. SADLER'S FAMILY.—Since that part cisms on the works of art, which he has connoisseured, and act of diving, immediately before emersion from the water, the Kaleidoscope containing the advertisement was pat congratulate your readers on the talent he has evinced when the breath is completely exhausted ; I say it somie.

press we have received the following additional subser! both as a writer and a critic. If he had, in the early part what resembled this feeling ; but I ought to add, that it MR. VANDENHOPP.—

The Council of Ten, who

, like their act tion:-Mr. Lindsay, Surgeon,...

- £1 is de of his correspondence, pleaded the want of time and in was wholly divested of the inconvenience experienced by nian namesakes, are petty tyrants in their sphere, har clination, I should not have thought it necessary or be protracted immersion of the head under water.

thought fit to call upon us publicly to recant certain on coming to notice his absurdities ; such an excuse comes This first symptom was soon succeeded by an indescri

nions we have formerly had the temerity to express 1 rather late, although, from bis inaccuracies, it may be sup- bable feeling, of a more pleasurable description.' I was

specting Mr. Vandenhoff. We know the secret of this edad posed he has less time than inclination, and less judgment seized with a succession of involuntary and irresistible

lenge, from which we are not in the least disposed to shrin

One of the Council (if he be not greatly belied) chanced than either; for instance, he quotes the miniatures in No. fits of laughter, in all its gradation, from the titter to hear the writer of this paragraph praise, in the highe 92, as the production of G. Hargreaves, which, however, the chuckle and horse.laugh, with occasional sobs. These terms, the acting of Mr. Vandenhoff, in a particular se are from the able hand of that accomplished artist Mr. fits succeeded each other in rapid successiorı, although, in

and he has somewhat irregularly insisted upon haring i Thomas Hargreaves ; for those of 95 he quotes S. Har the intervals, I used every effort to shake off the propensity;

judgment thereon put upon record. In his usual fetalo

rial style, like Sir Oracle, who says, “When I speak eta greaves. A reference to the catalogue would have shown not because the laughter was in in any degree unpleasant, dog bark," this Secretary of the Council says, "Like wm him that these are the works of G. Hargreaves. He talks on the contrary, it was rather an agreeable sensation ;-but, few other similar dissentients, the editor of the Kekida of a “ face breathing from ivory,” of “ a bird's eye view because I conceived that it was so very ridiculous to be

has not, in fact, seen Mr. Vandenhoft." We will not pun of a portrait,” makes lively remarks upon a dead hare, of thus laughing, when there was nothing to laugh at By

to carp at the singular phraseology, “ like other similare "water colours eclipsing oil,” states a picture to be "a the-bye, it would be as well if certain dull jesters, whom

sentients," but shall proceed to say, that we have, in fact, we

Mr. Vandenhoff, and that, in fact, we are amongst bis man repetition of one before exhibited,” which it is not, and I could name, would administer a portion of this gas to but not red-hot and indiscriminate admirers. We haven various other similar proofs of his title to connoisseurship; those who are doomed to listen to their endless and point, claimed the independent right of judging for ourselre, na amongst which, not the least conspicuous, stands his obser- less jokes.

have never hesitated to express our opinions when they vations on the natural colouring of No. 143, and his pal.

have been very unfashionable: thus, in the height of blue I felt no disposition to rise from my seat, but rather to

pularity, we ventured to hint that Mr. Kean a ca pable neglect of the excellent companion to that picture, lie down on the bench, or the floor, and laugh it fairly out. sionally a ranter, who “tore a passion to tatters;" that bem No. 129, both of which surely merit the notice of so per. During all the time I was under the influence of the gas, l'enfant gate of the British public, who was permitted, with fect a judge, critic, and connoisseur. I lament, Sir, that I plainly heard what you and my friends said on the impunity, and with high approbation, to play all sorts o the subject is now past, and that nothing that I could say occasion; and what greatly heightened the absurdity of

pranks. This we have not scrupled to say of a zat F would lead the public properly to appreciate the remarks the scene was, to perceive them look so excessively grave,

in some respects, ranks the very highest in basert (klio of either “ A Connoisseur," or of Yours, &c. S.

ing the privilege of judging of Mr. Vandenbell, tbm and even alarmed, whilst I was almost “dying with occasionally happened that we did not rate scene particular

laughter.” When my delirium, which lasted about a parts of his performance quite so highly as the Council dig SINGULAR EFFECTS PRODUCED BY THE RESPIRAminute and a half, had subsided, it seemed to me as if I

We may have found him too cold and formal for our taste TION OF THE NITROUS OXIDE. had just awoke from a strange dream, and, for several

but we, nevertheless, admire him upon the whole 13 1

superior actor, always discriminating and intelligent, The extraordinary effects produced by the respiration of minutes afterwards, the recollection of what had passed often effective and excellent. Called upon as we are this peculiar gas, are well known to the scientific part of produced slight and convulsive laughs.

the Council to state what we thought of this gentleman our readers, who must have perused the descriptions of During the height of what may be termed the paroxysm,

the chamber scene of the Foundling of the Forest, we do

for a moment hesitate to say, that, in our opinion, it the phenomena in Sir Humphrey Davy's works, wherein my sensations somewhat resembled those I have occasion,

a master-piece of acting, which could not be surpassed several individuals, well known to the public, have mi-ally experienced when it has been my good fortune to come that of any man living. We have thus frankls, balta nutely detailed the manner in which they found themselves in for a share of superfine wine. What particular species hastily, obeyed the summons of the Council, wbich wehe affected by the respiration of the nitrous oxide. Amongst of the juice of the grape, in its effects, the most resembles been enabled to do in consequence of their communicate these were Mr. Southey, Mr. Coleridge, Mr. Wedgwood, this laughing gas, I cannot just now determine;—but if

having reached us somewhat earlier than usual 854 Mr. Lovel Edgeworth, and many others.

bye, we see nothing so very unpardonable in an you, or any of your friends, are particularly anxious to

bringing letters of recommendation along with hin, Whether it be that this gas has been found to possess have the point settled, you bave only to send me a few though his talents ought to be a sufficient iatrodande no medical properties, or to what other cause it is to be specimens of superior Champaigne or Burgundy, whilst every where. attributed, we cannot determine; but the fact is, that it is still retain the recollection of the nitrous oxide, and I CHURCH PSALMODY.—The few remarks we had to make up now seldom heard of, and is very rarely introduced in our will endeavour to ascertain to which beverage it bears the

the letter of A Lover of Genuine Church Music have beta public lecture rooms. Mr. Charles, however, whose dearest affinity. In the meantime, sincerely wishing you

placed by our reply to the Council of Ter We shall to

week, offer a few remarks on the subject. varied, pleasing, and instructive performances at the all the success you so well merit, I remain, yours, &c.

ANACREON Moore's ALLEGED PLAGIARISN—The letter ALL Golden Lion, have afforded us infinite amusement, has St. James's-road.

EGERTON SMITH.

on this subject shall be inserted next week entire. been induced to add the nitrous oxide to the other nume

To Mr. Charles, Theatre of Magic.

EMBRSON'S LIFE.—The interesting memoir of this extra rous attractions of his little theatre; and the effects it pro

nary man, with the manuscript of which we have duces upon those of the audience who choose to inhale it,

Advertisements.

favoured by a Darlington correspondent, is very receptai

and shall be attended to. are too whimsical for description. Some clench their fisto, THEATRE DU PETIT LAZARY DE PARIS, DE MESSRS TUR LATE MR. SADLER. We have received several tribute and make furious and ludicrous gestures ; others strut about, throwing themselves into various attitudes, dancing, THIS Evening during the week, except

Saturday,
MAFFEY, YORK HOTEL, TARLETON-STREET. offerings to the memory of this ill-fated gentleman, bet

) and must decline their insertion. There is no task so difer and sometimes whistling; and almost all are more or less

HARLEQUIN, PRINCE BY MAGIC,

and delicate as to touch the lyre in plaintive elegiac sta given to laughter.

A comic Harlíquinade, interspersed with Dances, Ballets,

It may be said of the sublime and the bathos, that The following letter on the subject is published at the Metamorphose of this piece scan we presented for the first 14 Adolescens will inform us where a note may and him

thin partitions do their bounds divide." request of Mr. Charles, and the writer's name is given at time, a fine Picturesque and Maritime View of the Port and full length, because such facts as are therein related ought to pietul! VERBO aminte de tere numerous istoring the te. The following communications, with others already been

will address a few lines to him together with bis manus not to rest upon anonymous testimony; nor do we hesitate Many ships will be seen Immured within the docks, and in ledged, have been somewhat postponed by the recent det to say, that the cases which are recorded in Sir Humphrey der sail, as well as others propelled by steam. This view

the river a great number of vessels, of different classes, un- relative to Mr. Sadler's melancholy death :-#. on the Davy's work, to which we have alluded, would have is taken from Seacombe, and the spectator will see, in the

of landlord and tenant-F. R_Anonymow, on the do gained little credit with us, had not the names of those tainments will also be presented, as will be announced in

watch-Percontator. who made trial of the nitrous oxide been given to the pub- the bills of the day. ·lic at full length.-Edit. Kal.

Doors to be opened at half-past Seven, and the performance Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAY, to eommence at half-post Eight precisely.

E. SMITH & Co. 75,

Lord-street, Liverpool

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Literary and Scientific Airror.

OR,

“ UTILE DULCI." = familiar Miscellany, from which religious and politicalmatters are excluded, contains a variety of originaland selected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners, crement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual

Lame, with an Index and Title-page.--Its circulation renders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements.—Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents.

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NO. XXIX.

Atlen and Manners.

Leghorn is called Ligurium by the modern Latins, and monks, who do the duty there. This virgin, according to Livorno by the Italians. The port is frequented by the the legends of the country, was found by a shepherd in Greeks and Africans, as well as by the merchants of the the woods, who carried her to the convent, where she bas Levant.

since performed many miracles. Her chapels, vestry, and LEGHORN.–CONTINUED.

The town is only two miles in circumferance ; it is a several ancient apartments, are ornamented with number

third less than Pisa, and its population is two-thirds less ex voto suspended from the walls and roofs, above the TROX L'HERMITE EN ITALIE, THE LATEST WORK OF M. JOUY.

greater : it acknowledges the spiritual jurisdiction of the altars, and round the doors, by invalids, and people es[Translated expressly for the Kaleidoscope.]

Archbishop of Pisa. The governess, Eliza, did not caped from great dangers. These consist of precious Leghorn, in the sixteenth century, was an insignificant abolish the bishoprick of Leghorn, notwithstanding the stones

, emeralds, diamonds, and crosses, which are genem, inhabited by a few fishermen, and rendered un- regulation that there was to be only one Bishop or Arch- rally accompanied by pictures explanatory of the miracle dlesome by the pestilential marshes in its neighbour- bishop in every department; but she commanded the done in favour of the person who makes the offering. Ackl . It first belonged to the inhabitants of Pisa, then salary, consisting of 70,000 francs, to be paid to the Bishop cording to them, the virgin has often supported in the air die Genoese, who proposed to exchange it with Cosmo by the Archbishop of Pisa, who was maintained in office people who have been unfortunate enough to fall from a First for Sarzanna, a small town on the sea-shore. for the department of the Mediterranean, out of the salary teeple or high rock, until assistance could be brought to e Genoese thought they had made an advantageous of 200,000 francs received by the latter. Leghorn was them. She has cured many who have been thrown from gain with the Grand Duke, who, on his part, hastened much enriched under the administration of its Grand their horses or carriages, and others she has saved from conclude it, well aware how excellently the situation Dukes, by its commercial intercourse with foreigners: it shipwreck. Montenero is situated on the top of a high this port was adapted for the purposes of commerce.

was no unusual thing for a porter on the docks to get thirty mountain, which is ascended from Leghorn by a circuitplanned out the enclosure of the town, and built a or forty francs in a day. The sailors used to spend on ous path of more than three miles in length. The festiible mole. The new town was constructed with regu- Sundays, in parties of pleasure at Pisa, Lucca, and other val of September is attended by a prodigious concourse of 17; its streets are straight and at right angles with neighbouring places, what they ought to have saved for people from Leghorn, Pisa, Lucca, and all the surroundh other; its pavement, like that of most of the towns the support of their families. They used to bire hand-ing country. Part of the clergy of Leghorn repair thither Tuscany, is composed of flags; the houses are lofty, some carriages and calashes, and frequent the public in procession. The church is incrustated with superb d their fronts painted in different colours. The prin houses and rural festivals in the neighbourhood. When marbles; that which ornaments the sanctuary is particui square is of an oblong form, and very spacious ; in I visited Leghorn, its commerce was no more; its inhabi- larly remarkable for its fineness and for the variety of its centre of the extremity, on the left, as one enters it tants were wretched, its mariners and porters destitute of hues. The walk is rural and picturesque, and the sum. the gate of Pisa, is situated the metropolitan church, the means of obtaining a livelihood. The fear of the mit of the mountain commands a splendid view of the sea, portioned in size to the population of the town, which French soldiers and of the gendarmerie sept the people in Leghorn, its port, and the neighbouring towns. doses more than fifty thousand inhabitants. The com- subjection, but it could not remove their discontent, and Leghorn is the native town of the celebrated mathema. ence of Leghor constitutes all its wealth. There are they were always prepared for an insurrection. tician Donato Rosetti, born in the seventeenth century. specimens of art, either in painting or sculpture, of

Leghorn still contains several manufactures of coral and we are indebted to the Tuscans for great discoveries in uch excellence, except the gigantic marble statue of alabaster ; one large handsome building is entirely de- the sciences : Galileo was a Tuscan, and the invention of Grand Dake Ferdinand the First, surrounded by four voted to the workmanship of coral, brought from Sardinia algebra is attributed to Leonard of Pisa. sal slaves, representing an European, an Asiatic, an and Corsica. Formerly the coral used there was imported Liverpool.

A. W. can, and an American, in different attitudes, chained from the neighbourhood of Bizerta, in Africa, near Tunis. de feet of their supposed conqueror. The workman. The public manufactory of olive oil, known by the name of this group is worthy the attention of connoisseurs. of Bottini, is always supplied with 24,000 barrels.

Biographical Notices. the new theatre is large and handsome. The principal Three lazarets are kept at some distance from shore for et is very wide, and composed of houses and palaces the performance of quarantine; the most considerable of SOME ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE OF MR. WILcat elegance. The coffee-houses possess little attrac- them is that of Saint Leopold.

LIAM EMERSON. : in summer it is the custom to take coffee, ices, It is a custom among the people of Leghorn, during the

lemonade, seated at the door under a cloth tent or carnival, to drive through the streets, masked, in open The following memoir of this extraordinary and eccentric log. It is hotter at Leghorn than at Pisa, and lodg- carriages, and amuse themselves with throwing at one mathematician, was originally published in a pamphlet, and wood are, at least, four times dearer there than in another bonbons, or comfits, called confetti, composed of which is now either out of print, or extremely scarce. We atter town. Fresh water is extremely scarce, as it is sugar and plaster, which crumble upon the face and streak republish it at the request of a friend, who has favoured Eyed thither from a spring in the mountains of Colog- it with white. This is a distinction, however, conferred us with a manuscript copy.-Edit. Kal.

by means of an aqueduct twelve miles long. only upon people of rank. The wife of the French Conmong the inhabitants of Leghorn, there are about sul at Leghorn assured me that she had thrown away in The writer of the following memoirs judges it proper to 00 Jers, who have one of the finest synagogues in one evening more than 180 pounds of bonbons, and that premise from what sources he has derived his information. ope. The Greeks have also a church there, which is she had received even a greater quantity in her own car. He had the good fortune to be personally acquainted with b visited by strangers. The cemetery of the English riage.

Mr. Emerson during the last three or four years of his alled the Campo Santo. The quarter called New Before the time of the French government, galley slaves life, and enjoyed frequent opportunities of learning, from ice is cut up into canals, by means of which merchan- were employed at Leghorn as well as at Pisa in the la- his own mouth, accounts of circumstances which had we carried to the doors of the warehouses. bours of the port, and to clean the streets.

taken place at former periods of his life. He has also had ghorn is one of the best maritime towns in Europe, Near Leghorn, on the road which borders the Mediter. frequent conversation respecting him with several persons one of the most frequented ports of the Miditerranean; ranean, and leads to Montenero, 'sea baths have been con- of veracity, who knew him many years before. He has peared to me, however, not so large as that of Genoa. structed, which were used every year by the governess, not, however, accumulated an indiscriminate mass of anecdefended by a citadel and good fortifications. The Eliza. The hills surrounding Leghorn on the north and dotes, as they were offered to him, but has rejected such house is at two miles' distance from the shore. This south are covered with olive trees.

as did not appear to him to be authentic, and adopted is not above twenty fathoms deep, and would soon Among the festivals of the neighbouring villages, the such only as, upon mature examination and inquiry, he lled up if the greatest care were not taken in cleaning most remarkable is that of Notre-Dame de Montenero, had reason to think true. In short, he has endeavoured Vessels of war cannot enter it.

| a church belonging to the convent of the Vallombrosian I to form and exhibit as just a picture of Mr. Emerson's

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life as he could, under some peculiar difficulties; and his considerable fortune. Dr. Johnson had promised to give further eulogium of their author as a man of science a motive for publishing it was a desire to gratify, in some his niece, who lived with him, five hundred pounds for her tally unnecessary. measure, that curiosity which mankind must always en marriage portion. Some time after the marriage Mr. His first publication, however, did not meet with in tertain to be informed of whatever has relation to those Emerson took an opportunity to mention this matter to mediate encouragement, so that it is probable the men who have drawn the attention of their fellow-crea- the Doctor, and to remind him of his promise. The would never have appeared, or, at least, not in the author tures, by the superior splendour of their talents, and who Doctor, however, did not recollect, or did not choose to life time, had he not, about the year 1763, been recon have enlarged the boundaries of human knowledge. recollect, any thing of it, but treated our young mathema- mended by his great admirer and friend, the late Edsar

Mr. Dudley Emerson, of Hurworth, near Darlington, tician with some contempt, as a person of no consequence, Montagu, Esq. to Mr. John Nourse, bookseller in Las in the county of Durham, had two sons, William, the and beneath his notice. The pecuniary disappointment don, who was himself an eminent mathematician, an elder, and Dudley, who died whilst he was young. Wil | Emerson (who had as independent a spirit as any man, well skilled in the Newtonian philosophy, having had a liam, who afterwards lived to become so eminent a ma- and whose patrimony, though not large, was equal to all university education, and being an early associate with t thematician, was born at Hurworth, in the year 1701, his wants,) would easily have surmounted ; but this con- learned Doctors Pemberton and Wilson, the one the com and, as appears by the parish register, was baptized there temptuous treatment stung him to the very soul. He im- panion of Newton, and editor of the best edition of a on the 10th of June in that year.

mediately went home, packed up all his wife's clothes, Principia, the other of Mr. Robinson's Mathematical Trad In a vacant leaf of an old prayer-book, in which Dud. and sent them off to the Doctor, saying, that he would Mr. Nourse was so highly sensible of Mr. Emerschlag ley Emerson, the father of William, had registered his scorn to be beholden to such fellow for a single rag, and perior abilities, that he engaged him on very liberal tema marriage, and the births of his several children, it is writ- swearing, at the same time, that he would be revenged, to furnish a regular course of the mathematics for the ne ten-William Emerson was born Wednesday, May 14th, and prove himself to be the better man of the two. His of young students. Mr. Emerson made a journey to La at one o'clock in the morning and 40 minutes, and bap- plan of revenge was truly noble and laudable. He was don in the summer of the year 1763, to settle and fall tized June 10th, 1701.

resolved to demonstrate, to his uncourteous uncle and to this agreement. Even in London he could not be idi His father, Dudley, who was possessed of but a small world, that he was not to be rated as an insignificant or besides correcting his sheets for the press

, he took lodgia estate

, at that time taught a school, and seems to have ignorant person ; and that the contempt and indignity at a watchmaker's, near Smithfield, that he might fix thought himself of some consequence in the world, for 1 with which he had been treated, were much misplaced prove himself in that branch of knowledge during his sa have seen a paper, written by himself, containing what and very unmerited: and, in order to demonstrate this, there. he calls an account of the principal transactions or events he determined to labour till he became one of the first

Besides the above regular works, published in Alt of his life. Amongst these memorabilia, relating, I think, mathematicians of the age.

Emerson's own name, he wrote several other fugtur chiefly to his movements from one place to another, I ob- He had received from nature a strong and vigorous pieces, in the Ladies' Diary, and other periodical and mi served nothing respecting the birth or education of his mind, and had acquired a just relish for the beau:ies of cellaneous works. In the Ladies' Diary he proposed as son William, which, he did not foresee, would be the only mathematical science, and an ardent love of truth : he answered several new questions under the signature circumstances or events of any importance in his life, that was at the same time stimulated with an eager desire of rones, an anagram of his own name, containing all & might possibly rescue his name from oblivion.

distinguishing himself from the illiterate crowd of mortals. letters of it transposed. The questions resolved by di William was taught, and principally by his father, The effects of his labour, influenced by such motives, were as follows, viz. prize, 1736; quest

. 193, 195, 19 reading, writing, and arithmetic, and a little Latin, per- and directed by such abilities, could not therefore but be prize, 1737; quest. 205, 206, 207, 209, 210

, 215, haps, as far as Cordey, or Beza's Latin Testament. It great

. He made himself the perfect master of the whole 221, 223; prize, 1741; quest. 226, 229; prize, 192 does not appear, however, that he was much attached to circle of mathematics; and after having carefully planned quest. 238, 240: and he proposed the following, new que his books whilst a boy, or exhibited any symptoms of and digested, revised and completed the work to his own lions ; No. 193, 206, and 220. Mr. Emerson also sell those superior faculties which he afterwards exerted with satisfaction, he published, in the forty-second year of his part in the Miscellanea Curiosa Mathematica, e worl 80 much energy. Indeed, so careless and inattentive to age, bis book of Fluxions; and at his first appearance in published in quarterly numbers, by Mr. Francis Holliday, learning was be, at this period, that I have heard him say, the world as an author, stepped forth like a giant in all his friend and correspondent, from the year 1745 till 1958, till he was nearly twenty years of age, his principal and his might, and justly claimed a place amongst mathema- in 4to. In this work he resolved many questions, as before favourite employment, for one season of the year, was ticians of the very first rank. By the strictly scientific in the Diaries, sometimes under the signature of Merorei that of seeking bird's nests. But his attachment to child manner in which he established the principles, and de- and sometimes under the still more whimsical ce a ish amusements was now to pass away; and his mind bemonstrated the truth of the method of Fluxions in this Philosfluentimechanalgegeòmastrolongo; and probably on gan to be sensible of the charms and beauties of science. work, he added another firm and durable support to the der several other's.

(To be continued.) He went first to Newcastle, and afterwards to York, where noble edifice of the Newtonian Philosophy, which, by he applied himself, with considerable attention and dili- some less accurate and penetrating observers, was sup. gence, to the study of mathematics, under the direction of posed to have received a violent and dangerous concussion

LORD BYRON. schoolmasters, whose names I do not remember, but of from the metaphysical artillery of the analyst, and the whom he used to speak, in the latter part of his life, with cavils and objections which had been advanced against the

(From the London Magazine, just published much respect. He used to say, too, that his father was a

truth of the fluxionary method. tolerable mathemetician ; and without his books and in- Having thus secured his mathematical fame upon a

Lord Byron's address was the most affable and courte structions

, perhaps bis own genius (most eminently fitted firm and solid basis, he continued, from time to time, to perhaps even seen; his manners, when in a good for methematical disquisitious) would never have been un favour and instruct the public with other most valuable mour, aod desirous of being well with his guest

, w folded. After his return from school at York, he resided publications upon the several branches of mathematics. winning--fascinating in the extrenje, and thought blus principally at Hurworth, where he continued to pursue his These appeared in the order in which they stand arranged -qualities in which he certainly was not deficiente

still spirited, and with an air of frankness and generos studies and amusements, at intervals, until the time of his below. I have added to each the date of the author's life. was open to a fault-a characteristic probably the rest marriage. In what year of his life this happened, I do not

his fearlessness and independence of the world; exactly know, but I think it was about the thirty-second

1743–42, Fluxions, 8vo.

open was he, that his friends were obliged to live

1749-58, Projections of the Square, and Elements of their guard with him. He was the worst person or thirty-third : and from this period we must date the

Trigonometry, 8vo.

world to confide a secret to ; and if any charge commencement of his mathematical labours; or, perhaps, 1754-53, Mechanics, 4to.

any body was mentioned to him, it was probably die rather the communication of them to the public. What 1755—54, Navigation, 12mo.

communication he made to the person is question. he had done before in this line, was merely an occasional

1763–62, Arithmetic, Geometry, 8vo.

hated scandal and tittle-tattle-loved the manly strie

Method of Increments, 4to. application, for his own amusement, or for the exercise

forward course; he would harbour no doubts

, and 1764-63, Algebra, 8vo.

live with another with suspicions in his bosom-out and improvement of his leisure hours. But one of those

1767–66, Arithmetic of Infinites and Conic Sections, 8vo the accusation, and he called upon the individual to accidents, which, as Dr. Johnson observes in the life of 1768–67, Elements of Optics and Perspective, 8vo. clear, or be ashamed of his self. He detested at Cowley, produced that particular designation of mind and 1769–68, Astronomy, Mechanics, Centripetal and Cen- thing enraged him so much as

lie; he was bg temps propensity for some certain science, commonly called

trifugal Forces, 8vo.

ment and education extremely irritable, and a lie genius, took place upon this occasion, and added a power

177069, Mathematical Principles of Geography, Na- pletely unchained him ; his indignation knew no boun

rigation, and Dialling, Comment on the He had considerable tact in detecting untruth; he ful stimulus to his native thirst for knowledge and for

Principia, with the Defence of Newton, smell it out almost instinctively: he avoided the fame. His wife was the niece of a Dr. Johnson, Rector

Tracts, 8vo.

driveller, and generally chose his companions among of Hurworth, Vicar of Manfield, in the county of York, 1776—75, Miscellanies, 8vo. which was his last work. lovers and practisers of sincerity and candour. A. and a Prebendary of Durham, a man eminent in his time The above works, many of thent allowed to be the best tells the false and conceals the true, because he is sin for his skill in surgery, and who, by a very extensive and extant upon the subjects of which they treat, will remain Lord Byron was above all the fear of this sort ; be find

that the declaration of the thing as it is

, will hort successful practice in this profession, together with the a lasting monument of Mr. Emerson's genius, penetra- from telling no one what he thought to his face; from emoluments arising from his living, had accumulated a ! tion, and industry, to the latest times, and render any infancy he had been afraid of no one; falsehood is not

Year. Age.

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za of the powerful; the Greek slave lies; the Turkish in England genteel--that is to say, it is not just now a / at the worst. Without being what I have called excited, runt is remarkable for his adherence to truth.

fashion with the upper classes in this country—he chewed his conversation was often very delightful, though almost Lord Byron was irritable (as I have said) irritable in the tobacco to some extent.

always polluted by grossness-grossness of the very broadstrenze; and this is another fault of those who have been

At times, too, he was excessively given to drinking; est and lowest description, like, I cannot help saying arastomed to the unmurmuring obedience

of obsequious but this is not so uncommon. In his passage from Genoa again, like almost all his class—all of them that do atendants, If he had lived at home, and held undisputed to Cephalonia he spent the principal part of the time in not live either in the fear of God, or of the

public. His ay over hired servants,

led captains, servile apothecaries, drinking with the Captain of the vessel. He could bear grossness, too, had the advantage of a fertile fancy; od miling county magistrates, probably he might have an immense quantity of liquor without intoxication, and and such subjects were the ready source of a petty kind =sed through life with unruffled temper, or at least his was by no means pacticular either in the nature or in the of excitement; the forbidden words, the forbidden topics, -zapades of temper would never have been heard of; but order of the fluids he imbibed. He was by no means a the concealed actions

of our nature, and the secret vices of = spent his time in adventure

and travel, amongst friends, drinker constantly, or, in other words, a drunkard, and society, stimulated his imagination; and stimulants he valk, and foreigners; and, doubtless, he had often reason could, indeed, be as abstemious as any body; but when loved, and may be said at times to have wanted. He cerind that his early life had unfitted him for dealing with lis passion blew that way, he drank, as he did every thing tainly did permit

his fancy to feed on this dunghill

garbage; omen on an equal footing, or for submitting to untoward else, to excess.

now and then, indeed, even here he scratched up a pearl, accidents with patience. His vanity was excessive-unless it may with greater sion, indulgence, and satiety. He had tried, as most men This was, indeed, the spirit of his life-a round of pas. but so dirty a pearl, few would be at the pains of washing

it for all its price. Propriety be called by a softer name—a milder term, and do wcho have the power, every species of gratification, how

His letters are charming; he never wrote them with erhaps a juster, would be his love of fame. He was ex- ever sensual. Let no young man bere, who is not living the idea of “ The Letters of the Right Honourable Lord rbitantly desirous of being the sole object of interest; under the surveillance of his relations, or in fear of the Byron, in 6 vols. 12ino.” before his eyes, as unfortunately whether in the circle in which he was living, or in the public-let no such person turn up his nose. No men are our great men must now almost necessarily do. The wider sphere of the world, he could bear no rival; he more given to ring the changes upon gratification of all public are

so fond of this kind of reading, and so justly could not tolerate the person who attracted attention from the sensual kinds than the English,

especially the English too, that there

is great reason to fear that it will consume nimself; he instantly became animated with a bitter on the Continent-the English who, in speech, are the most what it feeds on. jealousy, and hated, for the time, every greater or more modest people in the universe, and who, if you might

Lord Byron's letters are the models of a species of comcelebrated man than himself; he carried his jealousy up trust their shy and reserved manner, think of nothing but position which should be written without an eye to any for Wellington. It was dangerous for his friends to rise almost any other Lord or Esquire of degree has done, and ject in a common every-day way the reader smiles all Eheir he nithe world; if they valued not his friendship more than is doing, if he dare, at this moment, whether in London, through, and loves

the writer at the end; longs for his It cannot be said that he was vain of any talent, accom. —Lord Byron was a man of strong powers of intellect and disposition. Lord Byron's letters are like what his con. blishment, or other quality in particular, it was neither active imagination ; he drew conclusions, and took lessons versation was, but better—he had more undisturbed lei noze sur less than a morbid and voracious appetite for from what he saw.' Lord Byron, too, was a man capable sure to let his fancies ripen in : he could point his wit Fame, admiration, and public applause : proportionably he of intense passion, which every one who pursues the gra- with more security, and his irritable temper met with no lreaded the public censure; and though from irritation tification of his appetite is not; consequently he went to opposition on paper. and spite, and sometimes through design, he acted in some work with a beadhong reckless spirit, probably derived ex

Lord Byron was not ill-tempered nor quarrelsome, but respects as if he despised the opinion of the world, no quisite enjoyment, quickly exhausted himself, and was still he was very difficult to live with: he was capricious, man was ever more alive to it. then left stranded in satiety.

full of humours, apt to be offended, and wilful." When The English newspapers talked freely of him ; and he There was scarcely a passion which he had not tried- Mr. Hobhouse and he travelled in Greece together, they thought the English public did the same ; and for this even that of avarice. Before he left Italy he alarmed all were generally a mile asunder, and, though some of his reason he feared, or hated, or fancied that he hated Eng- his friends by becoming penurious—absolutely miserly, friends lived with him off and on a long time (Trelawney, Eland: in fact, as far as this one cause went, he did hate after the fashion of the Elves and other great misers on for instance) it was not without serious trials of temper, England, but the balance of love in its favour was im- record. The pleasures of avarice are dwell on with evident patience, and affection. He could make a great point mense; all his views were directed to England; he never satisfaction in one of the late Cantos of Don Juan-pleas often about the least and most trifling

thing imaginable, rode a mile, wrote a line, or held a conversation, in which sures which were no fictions of the poet's brain, but which and adhere to his purpose with a pertinacity truly reEngland and the English public were not the goal to which he had enjoyed and was revelling in at that moment ; of markable, and almost unaccountable. A love of victory be was looking, whatever scorn he might have on his course he indulged to excess, grew tired, and turned to might sometimes account for little disputes and petty Belore he went to Greece, he imagined that he had something else.

triumphs, otherwise inexplicable, and always unworthy The passion which last animated tim was that which is of his great genius; but, as I have said, he was only a stown very unpopular and even infamous in England; said to be the last infirmity of noble minds ambition. great genius now and then, when excited; when not so, when he left Murray engaged in the Liberal, which was There can be little doubt that he had grown weary of he was sometimes little in his conduct, and in his writings unsuccessful, published with the Hunts, he fancied, and being known only as a zoriter : he determined to dis. dull, or totally destitute of all

powers of production. He doubtless was told so by some of his aristocratic friends, tinguish himself by action. Many other motives, how was very good-natured ; and when asked to write a song him out of fashion, and voted him vulgar; and that for succour

of the Greeks. Italy was waning

in favour, he poets are plagued, he would generally attempt to comply, the licentiousness of Don Juan, or for vices either prac was beginning to grow weary of the

society of the lady to but he seldom succeeded in doing any

thing; and when This was one of the determining causes which led him to and unfortunately her passion outlived his; even in Greece grel as his friends were ashamed of, and, it is to be hoped, Greece, that he might

retrieve himself. He thought that she would have gladly joined him; but his Lordship had charitably put into the fire. When, on the contrary, in wel at home. When he arrived at Cephalonia, and found bustle, struggle, sensation, and excitement, where the in: corrected very little. He used to boast of an indifference that he was in good odour with the authorities

that the habitants have beautiful forms, and dress in romantic about his writings which he did not feel, and would regiment stationed there, and other English residents in habits, and dwell in the most picturesque

country of the mark with pleasure that he never saw them in print; and the island received him with

the highest consideration, he world; and Lord Byron, as he said himself, had an never met with any body that did not know more about 3 gratified to a most extravagant pitch; he talked

of it oriental twist
in his imagination.” He knew that the them than himself.

He left very little behind him. Of late he had been showed how anxious his fears had been that he was lost their

greatest regenerators; he was aware that his money too much occupied by the Greeks to write, and, indeed, with the English people. Lord Byron cannot be said to have been personally vain respect; all of which he dearly loved. Then again, if observed. Don Juan he certainly intended to continue

; any extraordinary degree that is, not much more than any man ever sympathised deeply

with bravery suffering and I believe that the real reason for his holding so many and he took care that it should always be displayed to the was roused, in moments of excitement, this sympathy was might master the slang of a religious sect, in order

to hit reatest advantage. He never failed to appear remark- a violent

propelling and a very virtuous motive. These off the character

with more verisimilitude. bile; and no person, whether from the beauty of the ex- and other secondary considerations led him to Greece, to

His religious principles were by no means fixed; habi. ression of his features, the magnificent height of his fore- sacrifice nuuch of his personal comforts, much of his pro- tually, like most of his class, he was an unbeliever, at ed, or the singularity of his dress, could ever pass him perty, his health, and his life.

times, however, he relapsed into Christianity, and, in his the street without feeling that he was passing no com

No two men were ever more unlike than Lord Byron interviews with Dr. Kennedy, maintained the part of a ca person. Lord Byron has been frequently recollected excited, and Lord Byron in the ordinary state of calm. Unitarian. Like all men whose imaginations are much Shen his portraits have been shewn." Ah! (the spec- His friends about him used to call it inspiration ; and stronger than the

reasoning power--the guiding and deterstez exclaimed, on either picture or engraving being seen) when men of their stamp talk about inspiration, there mining faculty-he was in danger of falling into fanaticism, met that person in such or such a place, at such or such must no common change take place. When excited, his and some of his friends who knew him well used to predict

sentiments were noble, his ideas grand or beautiful, his that he would die a Methodista consummation by no His lameness, a slight mal-formation of the foot, did language rich and enthusiastic, his views elevated, and all means impossible. in the least impede his activity: it may, perhaps, ac- his feelings of that disinterested and martyr-like cast

From the same cause the preponderance of the imagi. buat in some measure for his passion for riding, sailing, which marks the great mird. When in the usual dull nation-there might have been some ground for the fear

and swimming. He nearly divided his time betwen these mood in which almost every body wearies their friends which beset his latter moments that he should go mad. Elares exercises; he rode from four to eight hours every nine hours out of the ten, his ideas were gross, his language The immediate cause of this fear was, the deep impression day when he was not engaged in boating or swimming coarse, his sentiments not mean certainly, but of a low and which the fate of Swift had made upon him. He read the And in these exercises, so careful

was he of his hands sensual kind; his mood sneering and satirical, unless in a life of Swift during the whole of his voyage to Greece, and Lone of those little vanities which sometimes beset men) very good humour, which indeed he often, 'I may say, he melancholy termination of the Dean's life haunted his That he wore gloves even in swimming:

generally was. This is, however, the wrong side of the imagination. He indulged in another practice which is not considered l picture in Lord Byron; he may be said here to be taken

[To be continucd.]

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DIABOLICAL MALEDICTION.

There's nothing so charming as Brighton,

We cry as we're scampering down, But we look with still greater delight on The day that we go back to town.

For it's O! what will become of us,

Dear ! the Vapours and Blue-
Devils will seize upon some of us
If we have nothing to do.
Gymnasia

AND MISCELLANEOUS RECREATIONS.

Poetry.

LOVE.

THE RELIC.

TO THE EDITORS.
GENTLEMEN,—A wretch, whose infamous character had
rendered him so obnoxious to his fellow-townsmen, that, by
common consent, his society was avoided, at length found
himself compelled, by public opinion, to decamp from his na-
tive spot, to the great joy of his neighbours. He set out one
morning, very early; and, when he had reached the summit
of a hill, which afforded him the last glimpse of the spot he
was about to quit for ever, he burst out into the following
singular and demoniacal soliloquy. It is so unique in its cha-
racter that I have endeavoured to versify it, as a specimen
worthy of Cain, or of Milton's devils. Your's, &c.
Liverpool
Adieu, accurs'd land of my birth!

I thus "shake your dust from my feet;"*
In some remote corner of earth,

I'll seek a less loathsome retreat.
My hatred's so deadly, so deep!

This curse, as my legacy, take,
May those who're AWAKE-never SLEEP,

And those who're ASLEEP-never WAKE !
. “And whosoever will not receive you, when you go out
of that city shake off even the dust of your feet, as a testi-
mony against them."-Luke 9, verse 5.

How often have I bless'd the coming day,
When toil remitting, lent its turn to play;
When all the village train, from labour free,
Led up their sports beneath the spreading tree;
While many a pastimę circled in the shade,
The young contending as the old surveyed;
And many a gambol frolick'd o'er the ground,
And sleights of art, and feats of strength, went round

Golds “ It is a call to keep the spirits alive.”—Ben Jonson.

NO. XIV.

THE PLEASURES OF BRIGHTON. [From the New Monthly Magazine.]

Fair rose, when last the summer sun,

Caressing on thee smiled,
A lovelier flower ne'er opened on

This lower Eden wild.
Now hide thee from the eye of day,

Nor let its tell-tale glare
Betray how beauty fades away,

Gift fragile as 'tis fair.
Oh! hid within thy crystal hold,

Thou faded relic rest,
All bright with many a tear untold,

As still by love carest!
For he thy tender branch who bore

From blushing groups around,
Oh, he was false !—the oaths he swore,

A tinkling cymbal's sound.
And soon the sun was all withdrawn,

The night more dismal grew;
And well might thou, sweet captive, mourn,

Since love then vanished too.
Yet Helen must the flow'ret prize,

All withered though it be,
And fann'd, alas ! with mem'ry's sighs,

That weeps such ruth to see.
And rest within thy polished hold,

Thou faded relic dear,
Nor e'er the saddest tale unfold

That wrung a heart to hear.
No, rest beneath the casket's lid,

Unknown of all save one,
Who prays, that, ere in coftin hid,

And to the cold earth gone,
Some gentle friend, inspired of heaven,

Thy prison may unclose,
And one sad tear, to Helen given,

Bid thee with her repose.
And place it on her palid brow,

What boots its lustre fled?
Go, withered rose, go, broken vow,

And slumber with the dead !
Liverpool.

TO THE EDITOR
SIR,—The feat here described is very simple

. You must place the inside of the thumb against the edge of a table

, and then move your feet backwards as far as you can from the table, so, however, as to be able to recover your uprigt position by the spring of the thumb, without moving you feet.-Yours, &c.

NO. XV.

Here's fine Mrs. Hoggins from Aldgate,

Miss Dobson and Deputy Dump, Mr. Spriggins has left Norton-Falgate,

And so has Sir Christopher Crump,
From Shoreditch, Whitechapel, and Wapping,

Miss Potts, Mr. Grub, Mrs. Keats,
In the waters of Brighton are popping,
Or killing their time in its streets.
And it's O! what will become of us?

Dear! the Vapours and Blue-
Devils will seize upon some of us

If we have nothing to do.
This here, ma'am, is Sally, my daughter,

Whose shoulder has taken a start,
And they tell me, a dip in salt water

Will soon make it straight as a dart. Mr. Banter assured Mrs. Mumps,

(But he's always a playing his fun) That the camel that bathes with two humps, Very often comes out with but one.

And it's O! &c.
And here is my little boy Jacky,

Whose godfather gave me a hint,
That by salt-water baths in a crack he

Would cure his unfortunate squint. Mr. Yellowley's looking but poorly,

It isn't the jaundice, I hope;
Would you recommend bathing? O surely,
And let him take — plenty of soap.

And it's 01 &c.
Your children torment you to jog 'em

On donkeys that stand in a row,
But the more you belabour and flog 'em,

The more the cross creatures wont go:
T'other day, ma'am, I thump'd and I cried,

And my darling roar'd louder than me,
But the beast would'nt budge till the tide
Had bedraggled me up to the knee!

And it's 0! &c.
At Ireland's I just took a twirl in

The swing, and walk'd into the Maze,
And, lauk ! in that arm-chair of Merlin

I tumbled all manner of ways.
T'other night Mr. Briggs and his nevy

To Tupper's and Walker's would go,
But I never beheld such a levee,
So monstrously vulgar and low!

And it's 0! &c.
On the Downs you are like an old jacket,

Hung up in the sunshine to dry;
In the town you are all in a racket,

With donkey-cart, whiskey, and fly.
We have seen the Chain Pier, Devil's Dyke,

The Chalybeate Spring, Rottingdean,
And the Royal Pagoda, how like
Those bedaub'd on a tea-board or screen!

And its O! &c.
We have pored on the sea till we're weary,

And lounged up and down on the shore
Till we find all its gaiety dreary,

And taking our pleasure a bore.

G.

SONG,

Why do'st thou fly the bower I made,

My Stella, love, for thee;
Oh! linger still beneath its shade,

And listen, love, to me.
For thee I deck'd this mossy seat,

This woodbine twined above,
Planted these flowers; and, calm retreat,

I called it “ bower of love."
The world is wrapt in slumber's dreams,

No sound disturbs the grove; .
The moon, in radiant glory, seems

To smile upon our love!
Then, fly not yet, but stay awhile,

And listen to my tale;
I cannot live without thy smile,

O let my suit prevail!
Brownlow-hill.

As a minor recreation, I am about to call your site tion to a very simple, but, to me, novel experiment

, I cently communicated by the ingenious Mr. Charles, celebrated ventriloquist, and entertaining lecturer on vanism, electricity, and sleight of hand ;-a gentlem from whom I anticipate some valuable accessions 9 stock of recreations, which I purpose to collect togeth n this department of the Kaleidoscope.

Take a piece of writing paper, one inch or somer more in diameter (circular or square it is immaterial), it flat on the palm of the hand, which may previous slightly moistened by the breath; then pass a black pencil round, in a circular direction, on the papafrom right to left-when the paper will be found to round on your hand in the opposite direction, or from to right. This trick does not answer equally well every one; a soft fleshy hand is the best adapted for performance. If the paper, instead of being placed on hand, be laid flat upon a book with a rough-calf bindin the experiment succeeds very well; and although I ha mentioned a black-lead pencil to make the circles will there are many other things as well or better adapted the purpose—the finger-Dail, or the head of a pin, instance. The paper used for this experiment oughts to be too smooth, or it will be apt to be carried round! the friction in the direction in which the pencil mord I should be glad to be favoured with a satisfactory expl nation of this singular phenomenon from any of you ingenious correspondents.-Yours,

P.S.-The paper used for the experiment ought not be too thin.

W. H.

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