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uld effectually put an end to any designs he might , ture-room, Bold-street. This is a change upon which we of all the ladies and gentlemen, of any celebrity, who have e returning. At the moment of his seizure with the congratulate him, upon more accounts than one. It is, ever been here.

We are truly grieved to perceive the devastating ra. lepsze fis prior to his last illness, he was jesting, with more central, more convenient for carriages

; and, as the dint of being his butt, had got great power over room is lighted by gas, Mr. Charles will be enabled to four years, on Mt. Kean's whole man. His frame appears d indeed became every thing to him. Besides perform many

beautiful experiments in the dark, which already

stricken in years, the faltering step of age is ob. an there was Fletcher, who had lived with him were impracticable, or extremely troublesome, in a room servable as he halts on the stage, when unmoved by the

inspiration of the scene. His cheeks seem fallen, the Bats Fears, and who was originally a shoemaker, whom lighted up with candles.—See adv. iship had picked up in the village where he lived,

wonted brilliancy of his eye is fast fading, and his voice, stead; and who, after attending him in some of his

which was never of great power, is now almost incapable iral ventures, became attached to his service: he had

The Drama.

of any thing beyond

the intonation of a whisper. With les faithful Italian servant, Battista; a Greek Secretary ;

all the original fire of his genius, Mr. Kean, physically, ad Count Gamba seems to have acted the part of his

THEATRE.

is but the shadow, now, of his former greatness. We talian Seretary; Lord Byron spoke French very imper.

should regret to see him outlive his fame, as we lament eetly, and Italian not correctly; and it was with the

the conviction that this our modern“ Richard,” will never

"Now do I fear I've done some strange offence, reatest difficulty he could be prevailed upon to make

be " himself again."

That looks disgracious in the city's eye. If so, ttent pas in a foreign language. He would get any body 'Tis just you should reprove my ignorance.”

Mr. Kean is assuredly the most emphatic, as well as hout him to interpret for him, though he might know the

the most fantastical and incorrect, reader of his day; and nguage better than his interpreter. When dying, he The professional pets of our leading actors and actresses a tragedian in whose performances there is perhaps less & not know his situation till a very short time before he would form a somewhat amusing little history; all have variety than in those of other eminent actors. The same Al into the profound lethargy from which he never awoke, I had their several whims, each exceeding theother in extrava- gentle tapping on his sconce's front, as though he knocked sd after he knew his danger, he could never speak intel- gance as the temperament of the public mind was, or indul- there for information of what he should be about, the igibly, but muttered his indistinct directions in three gent or inexorable. Mr. Kean, amongst the rest, has enter- same pawing of his vest, gesticulative intercourse with his anguages. He seems to have spoken of his wife and tained us nightly with his capricious fancies; and despite heart, long and sudden pauses, quick transitions of artiIstghter-chiefly of the latter; to this child he was very the most forbidding aspect of the times, never yet failed in culation, often inarticulate, and the same varied rapidity trongly attached, with indeed an immense parental feet, adroitly " whistling down the wind” the innocuous con- of ever-changing, attitude, always beautifully picturesque ag; his wife I do not believe he ever cared much for, and sequences of his daring. Thus, when in 1820 he had the certainly-pervade every character he assumes. But every robably he married her from mercenary motives. temerity to be bonest, there were not wanting numbers one knows, that, with these studied peculiarities, Mr. I shall not attempt any summing up of the desultory who vowed unalterable enmity to him for what it was their Kean introduces into all his representations couches of servations which I have thrown together, in the hope pleasure to designate his insolence; and yet, when in 1824 nature and coruscations of genius, accompanied by an superseding the cant and trash that is, and will be said his humour relaxes, they seem as forgetful and forgiving occasional energy and freedom of actiun, which have ashd sing about the character of this great man. All that as himself, yielding up all past iracibility to the cozening tonishingly reconciled the world to much bombast, many

necesary to add, by way of conclusion, may be con. influence of present and anticipated pleasure. Self very ridiculous mannerisms, and a most strange misrepre. used into a few words. Lord Byron was a Lord of very cheated thus of their resentment, many persons attended sentation of our best understood dramatic characters. o serfal intellect and strong passions; these are almost the theatre on Monday last, and ere the curtain had Indeed, so cogent is the ascendancy of a great name, ulicient data for a moral geometer to construct the whole risen, a vehement burst of applause sufficiently indicated added to an admiration of Mr. Kean's many and dazzling Sure; at least, add the following sentence, and sufficient the general feeling of a very full house. On his entrance, beauties, that they actually beget a kind of veneration for

given whether by easily romantic experience, or by Mr. Kean was most rapturously greeted by an over- his very faults ; and so powerful hath the infatuating in natural extreme sensitiveness to external impressions, whelming

majority of the audience, the dissentients being, Auence of this gentleman's style of acting operated on the was of all his intellectual faculties the imagination we should conceive, in the ratio of about one to ninety public mind, that (we speak it to the great credit of his bich was chiefly developed. Putting them together, we and nine. There were dissentients, however, weaker, if pos- tactics) he has succeeded in identifying himself with most a conclude, as was the fact, that he

was irritable, capri. sible, than the impotence of their opposition; hissing geese, characters of note, in a higher degree than any of his coious, at times even childish, wilful, dissipated, infidel, and cackling ganders, who annoyed nobody but those unfor- temporaries. Richard, Othello, Richard II., Shylock,

asual; with little of that knowledge which is got at tunately seated in their harmonious vicinity. Thatall possess Sir Edward Mortimer, with Sir Giles Overreach, are the bool, and much of that acquired afterwards; he was in common an unquestionable right to express their disap- most prominent of parts peculiarly his own; with each is pable of enthusiasm; and though intensely selfish, that probation of any performance, or of an actor or actress, we the name of Kean synonymous.

enjoying his own sensations, he was able to make great freely concede; nor are there many more jealous of thisinda. Mr. Kean appeared first as the “ Croak-back'd Tyrant,” cribees, or, in other words, he had a taste for the higher bitable prerogative than ourselves. But we think, never, then as Othello, and subsequently as Lucius Junius Bruinds of selfishness, i. e. the most useful and valuable theless, that, having done so, we are bound by all the tus, Hamlet, and Sir Giles Overreach. We congratulate, inds; he was generous, fearless, open, veracious, and a laws and usages of courtesy to let the act of doing it suf, sincerely, the managers on the very fortunate result of ordial lover of society and of conviviality; he was ardent fice; and not, as was the case on Monday, peevishly per, their engagement with this gentleman; a well-filled theatre in his friendships, but inconstant; and, however generally severe in a fruitless contest with the public will, which each evening of the past week will have sufficiently caused ond of his friends, more apt to be heartily weary of them butserves to disquietone's neighbours, and, by exasperating them no little self-gratulation. Of Mr. Kean's live perhan people usually are.

the many, to expose the feebleness of the few. And, after formances, we may remark, that Olhello and Sir Giles No more epithets need be heaped together; all that men all, what, we would ask, was there in Mr. Kean's conduct, were, as they generally have been, the most decidedly sucave in general, he had in more than ordinary force; some when last in Liverpool, deserving the marked censure

of cessful. In both he elicited numerous of those sparkling the qualities which men rarely have, he possessed to a the town? Why, verily, in compliance with his auditory's bursts of genius, and vivid flashes of passion, which have lendid degree of perfection.

earnest supplication, previous to leaving, England, he contributed so essentially to raise his name so high in the Such is the PERSONAL character of Lord Byron, as 1. delivered a farewell speech, to which speech some excep- list of English actors. His Richard has been pronounced, save been able to draw it from having had access to pecu- tion was taken, but why, we certainly cannot divine. by universal consent, the feeblest personation of the cha

sources of information, and from being placed in a Here is the oration in question, republished from the racter he ever exhibited here. It was, in truth, a lament. tuation best calculated, as I think, to form an impartial Liverpool Mercury:

able falling off, arising, probably, in some measure, from pinion

R. N. "Ladies and Gentlemen,-! do assure you, most sincerely, the petful provocation he received from a small portion of

that I can scarcely find words in which to express myself in an- the audience, on appearing first before them; and, doubtswer to this very flattering and unexpected marks of your appless, occasioned in part by that visible decay of his physical

probation and attention. XITROUS OXIDE, OR LAUGHING GAS.

Whenever I have had the honour of ap- powers, noticed above. We have stated Mr. Kean's reading strange, and unaccountable effects of the Nitrous pearing before a Liverpoolarthence nosa ve ahiyaya mese most to be emphatic, fantastical, and incorrect; and in support side, are witnessed every evening, at Mr. Charles's room, ties. hope, therefore, that if ever I have failed

in my en: of this assertion,

his Richard abounds with very many ich increased astonishment. The symptoms vary in al. deavours, you will attribute my deficiencies to a want of conclusive examples. Not to multiply illustrations, we

talent, and not of assiduity. But I should not fully do jus- would select, for instance, the opening soliloquy " Now 1st every person who inhales it; occasioned partly by tice to my feelings if I did not remark, most respectfully, that is the winter of our discontent,” as evidence of Mr. Kean's

quantity swallowed, and probably also by the consti- tion and that alacrity of attention with which I have been peculiarly impressive and finely.marked elocution. Of ainal temperament of the person who takes it. Some honoured in other large cities and towns of the three king. his fantasticalness, we could adduce proofs enumerable ; izow themselves into all sorts of attitudes, as if they were acceptable, I am deeply grateful, and to those in whose opi

doms. To those, however, to whom my exertions have been one, however, must suffice. In Richard's interview with or sparring, some dance, and some pull their own nion I have not been so successful, I wish greater gratifica Lady Anne, it is of course, or should be, his policy to en

As an force a conviction of his unfeigned penitence for the murloses with an earnestness that is truly ludicrous. One Englishman, strongly attached to, and proud of my country, der of her lord, and to imbue her with the belief of his kening a gentleman who had taken a pretty large dose, I look forward with anxiety to that period when I shall re- ardent love for herself. Mr. Kean did no such thing. meked down his companion who was holding the candle petfuhr es bideyou bring us el professor, 1 beg leave very res. He was too palpably sarcastic to impose on any woman, at him. His friend lay sprawling under the table with Now, if this speech, as such, be offensive, the audience much less on one of Lady Anne's breeding, and in the he candle in his hand, and his feet raised in the air to that insisted on its delivery were the offenders; for, it act of performing the last sad offices to a husband, premamitect him. The pugnaceous hero, however, not being should be remembered, Mr. Kean did not gratuitously turely cut off by the fell sword of him who then sought ble to get at his sprawling companion's body, set to work amongst moral virtues, Mr. Kean was indeed blameable; - live in hope," quite rendered Mr. Kean,

or rather Mr. with his sole ; which he pelted for some seconds, until his for he very frankly insinuated to his hearers, that their Kean on hearing it rendered himself,

ridiculous; for on knedles were not a little bruised by the "pummelling patronage had not been such as was likely to induce him the instant, turning his back upon the object to whom he Focess," as the editor of the Saturday's paper expresses to revisit them. Nor was Mr. Kean the first to tell the was addressing himself, he flew of in a tangent to the en bis little discourses" on the subject.

people of Liverpool of their proverbial coldness towards side boxes, and abbled forth in broken, unintelligible will be seen, by the advertisement, that Mr. Charles some rather significant hints on the subject of our frigidity, performers. Mr. Kemble, in his farewell address, gave us accents,

"I swear, bright saint, I am not what I was." left Dale street, and now exhibits in th¢ Lyceum Lec.) which has invariably constituted the

theme-conversational Of Mr. Kean's obviously inaccurate reading, instances

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AND

were not wanting. Thus, instead of

Correspondence.

LICEUM. “Why were laws made, but that we're rogues by nature ?"

On TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY, THURSDAY, and FRIDAY Eveni Mr. Kean makes of this simple self-questioning only, an

the 26th, 27th, 28th, and 29th of October. interrogatory and a replication; reading it,

Gymnasia “Why were laws made? b-b-but that we're rogues by nature."

honour to acquaint the Ladies and Gentlemen of

has

verpool, that, in compliance with the wish of several fa Again, Richard, in arms,“ his stirring soul alarmed," exclaims,

MISCELLANEOUS RECREATIONS.

lies of distinction, he has removed his Entertaining

Instructive Exhibition from the Golden Lion, Dale-streed " Come forth, my honest sword, which here I vow,

the LECTURE-ROOM, LYCEUM, where he will entertain How often have I bless'd the coming day,

Visitors with an Evening's Entertainment, viz: Erperimen By my soul's hope," &c.

When toil remitting, lent its turn to play;

in ELECTRICITY, GALVANISM, CHEMISTRY, PAUL which, Mr. Kean, pausing and attitudinizing, renders, When all the village train, from labour free,

SOPHICAL RECREATIONS, Ilusions in VENTRILOQUN " Come. Forth. My, honest. Sword. Which-here I vow."

Led up their sports beneath the spreading tree;

as also the ludicrous etfect of the LAUGHING GASI While many a pastime circled in the shade,

Admittance, 25. 60.--Children, Half Price. He finishes the impassioned context of this passage, how- The young contending as the old surveyed;

Doors open at half past Seven.- Performance to comme ever, very effectively, with an heroic exit.

And many a gambol frolick'd o'er the ground,

at Eight, and to close at Ten. Though it is our especial province to point out the And sleights of art, and feats of strength, went round.

Goldsmith. discrepancies, lash the tollies, and condemn the errors of

MR “ It is a call to keep the spirits alive."-Ben Jonson.

the real Inventor of the New Mathematical Systen nur histrionic instructors, we can assure them we dwell

Writing, under the immediate and especial patronage of on their faults, be they what they may, very unwillingly. It is with pleasure, therefore, we revert to Mr. Kean's ted stating that the person performing it is required to fully announce his arrival in Liverpool, where he bar

In explaining the feat in our last, No. 14, we omit- Majesty and other branches of the Royal Family, and ne Richard, though but to exemplify one of its chief beauties; not because there were not more, but by reason of our remove from the table, with his mouth, a small piece of for a short time, to give instruction in his new Matter space being too circumscribed to enumerate all. His wood or other matter placed on its edge, as shown in the course of SIX SHORT and EASY LESSONS.—Those La tent scene, we have no hesitation in saying, could not figure.

and Gentlemen who are not satisfied with their present

formance, have therefore an opportunity of attainmgae be surpassed, except by himself. On rushing from the

and beautiful style of Writing; so free, elegant, and en couch, where his vision had been so fearfully portentous,

NO. XVI.

tious, as no other method of teaching ever yet discovered Mr. Kcan appeared, in reality, under the strong impulse

possibly impart; and from which it is impossible for t He was indeed a man of shaken

ever after to deviate. of a “terrible dream."

Mr. Lewis's system and method d

struction is very different (in every respect) from all oth soul, on whose trembling.filesh hung cold drops of sweat,

and he challenges any Teacher in existence to produces whose blood, growing chilly, seemned in awful truth to

tem half so comprehensive or efficacious. It is not con freeze with horror."-Mr. Kean's “ Who's there?” to

to one particular style of Writing, for how Inelegant Catesby, was absolutely electrifying; and betokened a Fig. 1.

surd would it be for a Lady to write a bold, masenliga

cantile hand; or, for a Gentleman to be confined to al mind frightfully conscious of the past, dreadfully alive to

light, effeminate style, adapted only to epistolary corres the appalling prospect then flitting in terrible review before

dence, complimentary cards, invitations, &c. Mr. Le him of the future.

system is, therefore, equally applicable to all purposes,

to persons of all ages; and however bad the pupil may Of Mr. Kean's Hamlet we have little to say, of which

or whatever may be his capacity, it will positively on little, a very trifling portion will be in anywise favourable.

him for any situation whatsoever, so far as regards bis It was at the outset weak, finical, and pettish; and during

Writing. the progress of the play, became coarse, maudlin, and

Terms for the whole ourse, One Guinea. ranting to a degree, that absolutely astounded us. Mr.

Persons who cannot write at all are taught a Brac

Hand in TWELVE LESSONS, for Two GUINEAS. Kean, on this occasion, so obtruded himself on the au

Numerous Specimens may be seen by applying to dience, as totally to preclude the possibility of their re

Lewis, at his Lecture Rooms, No. 5, Paradise-street,

Church-street. cognising one solitary characteristic of Hamlet. This,

SHORT HAND taught in Sıx

LESSONS, for Oxs Gone nevertheless, did not prevent our admiring Mr. Kean's

the plan made use of by the Public Reporters, with acquirements as a finished swordsman. The grace, ele.

mode of following a speaker by contractions, hitherto gaace, and variety of his positions and action, in fencing

a secret; and their infallible method of abbreviating asd with Laertes, fully justified the estimation in which Lord

cyphering, without burthening the memory.

Elocution and Ornamental Writing taught. Hamlet's foil accomplishments were held, and cannot be

Velvet, Satin, and Glass Painting, and various others, too highly extolled. În speaking thus freely of Mr. Kean's

ful and fashionable accomplishments taught by Xrs. Low

tn a few lessons, on moderate terms. Hamlet, we, of course, wish to be understood as alluding only to his enactment of the part on Thursday. He

Pupils are detained only one hour cach Lesson, and me

attend any time that suits their own convenience. may, and we hope, for his fair fame's sake, he does,

The charge for Out Attendance is regulated by the ordinarily play it in a style very dissimilar.

tance and number of Pupils. TO THE EDITOR.

SEPARATE APARTMENTS FOR LADIES We have frequently entertained a notion of devoting some leisure hour to a lecture on the extraordinary con

SIR,-Unless your readers, who may choose to amuse

As Mr. and Mrs. Lewis's engagements in London will duct of our audiences, now and then; and, by way of pre- themselves with such matters, comply exactly with the di- bezmlulihereque semaine short time in Liverpool lehet lude, would now ask those at all conversant with Shak, rections for accomplishing the feat I am about to describe, may be disposed to favour them will make early applicat speare, who where present on Thursday, why they endured it will appear so easy as scarcely to deserve a place amongst so very patiently Mr. Kean's outrageous garbling of the the Gymnastic puzzles. The

great difficulty in performing

To Correspondents. tured that justice to themselves, to the town, to Mr. Kean, it arises from the position in which the hand most be held. Lord Byron.-The length and extreme interest of there would surely have extorted from them some symptom of Measure the distance between the outside of the elbow and

we have this week introduced into the Kaleidoscope their disapproval of such wanton spoliation. The cele- the extremity of the longest finger :-Mark that distance obliged us to defer the able article on Geology and brity of an actor qught not to stop our ears as well as

on a walking-stick or ruler, as shown by figure 2. This Making, which we had announced for this week's publica especially when, as with Kean and Macready have bece pre- the annexed sketch, No. 1; the middle finger being placed blindfold us, nor shall it so operhte with ourselves, more stick must be held horizontally before you, as shewn in LEARNED QUOTATIONS...The letter of Quotator reached

late for admission this week, without disturbing the tensions than ordinary are put forth to supereminence.

rangements we had previously made. Next weck this Mr. Kean's short engagement terminated on Friday, exactly over the mark ;-the fingers must be kept at right

to Anti-Barbarus shall appear. with Sir Giles Overreach ; and a matchless performance angles with the stick, and the thumb placed over them, as Prize FIGHTING.–At the request of Philanthropos, and it was, certainly. The eye, the tone, the gesture, from shown by the little fist grasping the stick (fig. 2). The other correspondents, we have transcribed, from the were all in such perfect unison with the sentiments and puzzle then is to bring that end of the stick which, in the cury, an editorial article on this subject. feelings of Sir Giles, that we lack words to convey an ade- figure, touches the breast into contact with your mouth, Tue DRANA—The letter of T. M, a Friend to the Di quate idea of the admirable manner in which this cele- whilst the hand and fingers remain in the position already

reached us too late for insertion this week. It is, tad brated performer represented the part. As Sir Giles, Mr. described.-Yours, truly,

so very loosely and ungrammatically written, OFIDE Kean is unequalled; nor is it the only character, we think,

presume, to the carelessness of an amanuensis

, that is in which he may, unequivocally, be pronounced without a

pass the ordeal of a careful revisal previous to being publik rival. The House, we are happy to say, was in every part

We believe that it was Walpole who maintained that The FORTUNE HUNTER, an original translation from the excessively crowded.

“ every man meant something.” To put the truth of man, is in reserve for our next. October 25. THE COUNCIL OF TEN. this assertion to the test, we publish the following effusion L'HERMITE EN ITALIE.-We have postponed, until next

the chapter which we had prepared for present publica ** We cannot refrain expressing our surprise that the of a learned correspondent, which perhaps some of our

The length of the notices of the late Lord Byron has Council of Ten, who appear to have visited the theatre ingenious readers will translate into English. Edit. Kal.

dered this necessary. every night during Mr. Kean’s engagement, should have

TO THE EDITOR

MR. Kean.-The letter of A Stranger shall appear next nothing to say about Mrs. M'Gibbon, especially as we, SIR-I have lately discovered that the centrifugal ob

when we shall take

the liberty to express our direct die who have only paid transient visits to that place of amuse- culcation of the amosmostic point of the zonic intetrica

from the opinion of the author, on many points. Had ment, have been so highly delighted, and so deeply interest- tion, in comparison with the longitudinarian coalation of ed by the performance of that lady. Notwithstanding the the universal abscindence in the atmosphoric combination,

seen Kean's Sir Giles on Friday night, he would not

hazarded the opinion, that Mr. K. is a mere charlatan. imputed coldness of the Liverpool audience, it is much to is a mere fenugerick coinquination of the laconic latescence, the credit of the taste of our native town that we can truly and should the minutest feculence of the interjective carna

Ashtonian and Anon in our next. state, that Mrs. M'Gibbon's performance, during the past culation exist, the whole of the ologerical decoction will we have received y. Zis Essay on Education, week, has been most rapturously applauded; and, on seve- cause an immediate promulgation thereof, owing to the maleral occasions, hailed with several distinct rounds of apo fective pertranscience of the hypostatical obliquefaction.- Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAT, plause.-Edit. Kal.

I am, gentlemen, yours, &c.

AMOSMUS. E. SMITH & Co. 75,

Lord-street, Liverpool

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the famillar Miseellany, from whichreligiousand politicalmatters are excluded, containsa varietyof original and selected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners; Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual Volume, with an Index and Title-page-Its circulation renders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements.--Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents, viz. YNDON_Sherwood & Burnley-T. Suteliffe; Driblin-De Joncourt and Hull-J. Perkins ;

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St. Helen's—I. Sharp; York-W.Alexander.

lo. 227.-Vol. V.

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1824.

Price 3

Men and Manners.

formed of pieces of testaceous fossils. Near it there are white marble; the cupola is supported by pillars of some quarries of alabaster, which is manufactured at Vol. marble ; the pavement is composed of mosaic, and terra.

represents traits taken from the Old and New Testament. No. XXXX.

The neighbourhood of Sienna is adorned by numerous A sort of gallery, surrounding the nave of the church, is SIENNA.

country-houses, pleasantly situated in the midst of gar- ornamented by about seventy coloured beads of popes and

dens. The town is built on the declivity of a mountain, anti-popes, projecting from it, which have the appearance LEER EN ITALIE, THE LATEST WORK OF N. JOUY. hollowed out into many curious subterranean abodes, of so many people leaning from windows, and present the [Translated expressly for the Kaleidoscope.]

which are still inhabited by some of the descendants of most singular coup d'æil. Under them there is long Nie parlare of the inhabitants of Sienna is become pro- those who probably formed them during the time of the range of smaller figures, representing the emperors of the zbial smong the Tuscans; and it is certain that there is civil wars.

west. The pulpit is also very remarkable ; its central, Tauntry where the language of the peasantry differs so

The population of Sienna is nearly the same as that of point is supported by the figure of a lion, surrounded by ble from that of the well-educated people

. There is, in Pisa ; that is to say, it amounts to about 16,000 inhabi- four other animals ; the vaulted roof is painted with Bir pronunciation, a softness and delicacy which can be tants

. The town is nearly five miles in circumference, golden stars, upon a ground of azure, to represent the pressed only by the Italian word marbidezza. After and is built in the form of a star, It is more animated sky. But the part of it most worthy of admiration is the ring heard them converse, it is easy to believe the story than Pisa ; but no part of it presents a view comparable to chapel of Chigi, and the tomb of the legate of that name, the market-woman at Athens, who reproved a gramma. that of the quay of the Arno. Its pure air and elevated who played so distinguished a part in the negociations of in for husing expressed himself incorrectly. The inha- situation render it a salubrious abode Sienna was founded Munster, which preceded the treaty of Westphalia. This fants of Sienna relate, with much self complaisance, the by the Gauls, who began to build it in 364, after the chapel is incrustated with lapis lazuli, and ornamented lowing anecdote :

taking of Rome, under the conduct of Brennus. It then with gilt ornaments in bronze, executed after the designs A traveller having lost his way in the country, inquired became a Roman colony, and received the name of Sena. of Bernin. In the library there is a group representing E road to Sienda of a man labouring in the fields, who Sienna experienced great revolutions in the fifth century, the three graces, of no great beauty indeed, but not the mmediately left his work, accompanied the traveller to under the reign of Honorius. After having been subject less curious on that account, as they are said to be the le edge of a river, and pompously said to him,

to various conquerors, it at length succeeded in erecting it. work of Sophroniscus, the father of Socrates. The sa“ Signor,

self into a republic, which, like all those of Italy, was soon cristy is a long narrow apartment, and its walls are en. Farcate ü fiume, salite ii monte,

disturbed by internal factions. It then experienced the tirely covered by fine pictures, painted by Raphael. This Avrete Siena in fronte.”

fate common to all people divided by civil broils ; it be great artist has represented himself at every age; in This poetical reply seems to justify the assertion of the came the prey of its neighbours. The Florentines, having childhood, youth, and manhood. These pictures may be

these that their peasants speak Italian according to the surprised the town, took possession of it; and their chief, said to be specimens of his second style; that is, they of the dictionary della Crusca.

Petruccio, governed it with the most rigorous despotism. were done at the period of his life which succeeded his had exchanged the society of my friend Gottlieb for Happy the people who groan under a tyranny that is urged journey to Florence, where he had studied the works of

of the Imperial Attorney, to whom the reader has al- to extremity; to them the dawn of liberty is at hand. At Leonardo da Vinci. How singular a resemblance there is dy been introduced. He was summoned by business the death of Petruccio the inhabitants of Sienna banished between his fate and that of Virgil; both died young, Grosseto, in the marshes of Tuscany, and was under his children, and again took upon themselves the govern- and just as they were about to complete their best works. agreeable necessity of passing through Florence, ment of their town : but, harmony not baving been re. Painters may be excused for considering Friday an un. itha i agreed to accompany him. At two leagues' dis stored to the people, they fell into the power of the Spanie lucky day ; Raphael died at Rome on the Good Friday of le from this city we saw the ruins of the ancient ards; and Philip the Second sold them, fortunately for the year 1520. kole, one of the twelve Etruscan towns. Polybius, bimself, to the Grand Duke, Cosmo the First. Since that Before Sienna was united to the French empire it con. 7, and several other Greek and Roman authors, attest time Sienna has formed a part of the Tuscan government. tained a great many rich convents and churches. My ncient celebrity. The Tuscan augurs and soothsayers The streets of Sienna are steep and winding : its palaces travelling companion and I went to see the citadel, a sort e it their place of residence, and communicated thence and houses have an antique and almost uniform exterior. of establishment for which Napoleon had a greater predi.

muperstitions to the Romans. In the fourth century, The town may be compared to a shell, and most of its lection than for churches; it appeared to us to possess icon, one of the lieutenants of the great Theodosius, hav. principal streets terminate in the grand square, which oc- considerable strength. The Flemish Lieutenant-colonel, formed a league with the inhabitants of Fiesole, gained cupies its central hollow. This place is ornamented by a who was entrusted with the command of it, shewed us all fetary there over Radagassus, the King of the Goths. beautiful fountain, and is the scene of the horse races so the fortifications with a degree of complaisance seldom z the contest 100,000 men remained on the field of bat. celebrated at Sienna for the emulation which they excite found among superior officers. The palace of the Grand

The Florentines destroyed this town, whose popula- among horse proprietors, as the horses run without being Duke, which Eliza usually inhabited during a few weeks was considerable, that Florence might have no rival mounted. The town hall is situated at the bottom of the every year, is much less striking than that of Pisa. The spute with her the title of Firenze la Bella. square ; and near it there is a chapel, continually open to theatre of Sienna is tolerably large. We witnessed there he road between Sienna and Florence, which are at the public. High mass is performed there every day, the performance of a rope-dancer, which was truly as

ten leagues' distance from each other, is mountain- early in the morning, for the special advantage of the tonishing. Amongst other feats of agility, this man leaped od picturesque, and winds through a country agree neighbouring tradesmen, who give their attention to it over a carriage and six horses, placed in the pit. He diversified with pleasant valleys, water-falls, and hills without leaving their shops and stalls.

sprung from the stage, and turning round several times in red with olives and vines. It passes through Poggi- The finest monument in Sienna, or rather the only one the air, descended immediately in front of the horses, Hi, a large and populous town, where the Etsa takes its worthy of Italian magnificence, is the cathedral: its ar... There is at Sienna a fine public walk near the gate of 2. Many teeth and bones of cetaceous animals, prin- chitecture is Gothic, and it is justly considered a master the citadel : it is surrounded by lofty avenues, and equalo ly lamia, have been dug up in the surrounding coup- piece of art. The front is entirely covered with figures in size the largest square of the Champs Elysées. This Further on, in the road to Volterra, is situated that of saints, about a cubit in height. This church is in- walk leads to another ornamented by several rows of trees, uut Etruscan town, whose walls are constructed of stones vested, both internally and externally, with black and / whose thick foliage affords the most grateful coolness dur

[graphic]
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[graphic]

ing the heats of summer. Such, however, is the caprice zano, a country little known, as it is seldom visited except Euler receives no milder treatment: "he is vortex m of fashion, that these beautiful avenues are deserted for from necessity. I determined to continue my journey too, and is one of those bigotted philosophers whose bru the race-course in the principal square, where the people towards Rome, which we had agreed to make the place of are turned in a vortex, or they would never prefer & are entertained by various exhibitions of jugglers, moun. our future rendezvous. My friend promised to send me complex vertical schemes before the simple doctrine tebanks, punchinellos, and sten tarellos. The price of ad. there the account of his journey, which is the subject of projectile and centripetal forces. Such philosopher mission to these shows seldom exceeds half a paulo, a small the two following chapters. The information they contain exclaims our indignant defender. Leibnitz's attempt coin of about five sous in value.

may serve to satisfy the curiosity of the reader, but it rob Sir Isaac Newton of the honour of the invention The inhabitants of Sienna are passionately devoted to will not be the means of inducing him to visit those pes. Fluxions, is, as we might expect, a cause sufficient the study of the belles lettres, and their city contains more tilential countries. The Imperial Atttorney set out, ac- make him rave with rage, and to call down all the thy academies than any other in Europe. These seats of learn- companied by his wife, and a counsellor of the Imperial der of his indignation. To tell us flatly, that no ing are generally distinguished by whimsical names. The court of Florence, and I, a few days afterwards, took the that first found, 'w, he that first published

, deserves most remarkable among them are l'academia degli intronati, road to Monte Pulstane, a small town near Sienna, much praise, is an assertion that would move the bile in a academy of the stunned; l'academia degli rossi, academy of renowned for its excellent wines.

mach less apt to boil than Emerson's. It is robbing, the unpolished, whose special occupation is the cultivation Liverpool.

A. W. he truly says, the inventor of his due praise, to give i of dramatic poetry; l'academia degli innominati, academy

the thief that stolc it. But however much Sir Isaac M of the anonymous, and the academy of the sciences, much

Biography.

ton might have approved of Mr. Emerson as the champi esteemed for the literary productions of its members.

or defender of his principles, he would not have adni Sienna was formerly much celebrated for its improvisatori. SOME ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE OF MR. WIL. the weapons he sonietines made use of. I was told, that twerity years ago, hey were frequently

LIAM EMERSON,

In so difficult a problem as Emerson himself allows e seen running through the streets like maniacs, challenging

of finding the procession of the equinoxes to be, one so each other to trials of their poetical skill, and inviting

(Concluded from our last.)

have thought that he would have had some patience s every one whom they met to give them subjects for their His style in conversation was generally abrupt and blunt, those who differed from Sir Isaac and himself. But th compositions, which they immediately poured furth with abounding in such coarse explctives as those already noticed, are a clan, and Mr. T. Simpson has the misfortune te the most grotesque and extravagant gesticulation. The and often vulgar and ungrammatical. And this was the rea- one of the clan. There seems, unfortunately, to haves Chevalier Bernardin Perfetti acquired the greatest share son that led many people to suppose he was not able to sisted some kind of animosity or jealousy between the of fame in this sort of extemporaneous poetry. He not write any thing like grammar, or tolerable English, and two great contemporary mathematicians, excited and only gained the palm of excellence from his compatriots, that his prefaces, therefore, some of which are not ill writ- mented perhaps by some who were mean enough to eat who erected a monument to him in their cathedral; but, ten, could not be his own composition, but must have tales between them, in order to curry favour. One in 1725, he had, like Tasso, the honour of being crowned been made, or at least translated into English for bim by Emerson's correspondents in London informed him, o at the capitol. The Italians, particularly the Tuscans, are sonje other hands. But we cannot with certainty judge Simpson had said, in company with some mathematik enthusiastically fond of this species of literary contention. how a man will write from his language in common con- friends, " that he took Emerson (referring to his boek

Sienna does not confine her glory to the merit of having versation. Though Emerson was no accurate gramma. Fluxions) to be an industrious, plodding writer, but given birth to a few improvisatori: seven of her citizens rian, his reading was extensive enough to supply him with man of no genius.” This was quite enough to irrita have ascended the Pontifical throne, among whom were a sufficient stock of proper words and expressions on sach Emerson to acts of hostility. We meet sith frequel Gregory the Seventh and Alexander the Third. This town subjects as he had occasion to treat of, and the vigour and complaints in his books of the little encouragement gir was also the native place of the blessed Jean Colombin, energy of his mind would give force, weight, and perspi- to mathematical learning in his time, and especially the founder of the Jesuits. St. Catherine, the patron saint cuity to lris sentences. He was one day told that this opi- England. How far this complaint may be wel er i of young girls, who, of all the saints in Paradise, is surely nion respecting his prefaces was entertained by many; founded, I know not; but this is pretty certain

, that i entrusted with the jurisdiction on earth the most involved and the disparity of his conversation and writing was any reward or recompence had been offered hin far dis in difficulty and perplexity, was born at Sienna, in 1347. pointed out as the reason of it. After a momentary pause mathematical labours, and had not come to him ir bij She was the daughter of a dyer; and embraced, in early be exclaimed, with some indignation, “A pack of fools! own way, he would not have accepted it. He did ed youth, the order of the penitential sisters of Saint Domi- who could write my prefaces but myself." They do, in wish to be admitted a fellow of the Royal Society, "by nico. Her claims, however, to the esteem of mankind, fact, carry with them every mark of legitamacy; they cause (he said) it was a d-d hard thing that a man shea were not founded merely on her singular piety: she ren could have no other father. Indeed, the original prefaces, burn so many farthing candles as he had done, and the dered great services to her country, by reconciling the Flo. as well as the original manuscripts of most of the Author's have to pay so much a year for the honour of F.R.S. ad rentines with the government of Rome; and so powerful works, in his own hand-writing, with a great number of his name. D-n them, and their F. R. S. too." was her influence with the Holy See, that she determined his original letters, are now in the possession of the pub- reaped one reward of his toils in quest of science, ope Gregory the Eleventh to leave Avignon to establish lisher, all of which are well written, and in a good style

. was very acceptable and grateful to him; and that is residence at Rome. She died in that city, in 1380, at There are, also, in some of them, quotations from the the acquaintance and friendship of Mr. Montagu, the age of thirty-three. I did not fail to inquire for the Greek authors, elegantly written by himself.

baving an estate at Eryholme, near Hurworth, sometita house which she had inhabited at Sienna; but it had long In the earlier part of his life, principally by the aid of visited that neighbourhood, and spent a good part of been converted into a chapel. It is ornamented by several his dictionary, he had acquired a stock of Latin sufficient time in company and conversation with Emersoy, and large pictures representing the principal circumstances of to enable him to read and translate mathematical works in bis decease bequeathed to him a legacy of £10 or guinsel her life, and her most celebrated miracles. It contains that language; and he once had a design to give a trans. When Mrs. Montagu's agent called upon him to discharge also a small room, in which, it is said, that Jesus Christ | lation of the Jesuits comments on the Principia. It ap. this legacy, Emerson told him he would much rather die appeared to her, behind which therc is a closet, where she pears, also, from his mottos to his several books, that he seen Mr. Montagu himself than his money. used to sleep, extended on the floor. In an adjoining ora- sometimes dipped into the classic authors, for we must nct spoke, doubtless, from his heart; for he never mesa tory is preserved the picture of the crucifix, with which the suspect him of having been much conversant with such Mr. Montagu's name but in terms that strongly expre stigmata of Saint Catherine were impressed. I did not see gentry as Lucretius, Horace, and Virgil. He had in his the sincerity and ardour of his affection and esteri this precious relic, as it was kept locked up, and exhibited library Homer and Virgil-Travestied, and these he read him. Mr. Montagu, in his visits to Emerson, only to those who had solicited an express permission. It with more pleasure than Pope's or Dryden's translations

. often go to him in the fields, when he happened to be was reported that it had been carried away by a French In argument, whether in conversation or writing, the fire work there, and would accompany him home

, but com General.

and impetuosity of his temper were too apt to break forth, never persuade him to get into a carriage. On these are The town of Sienna appears to have been built on the and betray him into the use of such terms as should al- sicas he would sometimes exclaim, “ D-n your water crater of a volcano. Some naturalists have thought that ways

be avoided, especially by mathematicians and philo wam! I had rather walk.” Inheriting a small patrina the mountain of Sienna incloses a sort of volcanic matter, sophers, whose employment is, or ought to be, the cool nial estate, of about 60 or £50 a year

, he was as indepen which

is deposited at so great a depth that it cannot be and dispassionate inquiry after truth. His zeal in sup- Ident and happy as if he had enjoyed so many thousand thrown up to the surface of the soil, but that

it is fre- port of Sir Isaac Newton is outragecus, and he has treated He was never known to ask a favour, or seek the contre quently the cause of violent internal commotions. The the oppugners of his philosophy as if he had a personal nance of a rich man, unless he possessed some emine terrible earthquakes experienced at Sienpa in 1798 seem quarrel against them. “J. Bernoulle (according to him) qualities of mind. to corroborate this opinion. The territory, however, in is a low critic, laborious and tedious to the least degree; Notwithstanding his imperfect and desultory cours the

neighbourhood of Sienna is not generally good, and a blunderbuss, a person of eternal contradiction, blind, education, he acquired a general knowledge of meer aan it is well known that the land in the immediate vicinity

of bigotted, prejudiced, mad; and a whole section of one ences. He had even paid attention to medicine, a les Vesuvius and Etna is exceedingly productive.

hundred pages is nothing but a heap of absurd, incon. so far as it had been combined with mathematical print The object of my friend's journey

to Grosseto was to sistent stuff." He therefore leaves him (in his great mercy) ples, according to the plan of Keil, Morgan, diculie visit the

baths of sulphurated water at Petricolo and Scan w be årowned in the gurges of his own contriving. Leemed Morgan above all others as a physician; and hold

Must love one another as cousins in blood :

Vir

Ætat. An. 81.

Bol to be the best of anatomists. Mr. Emerson often to leave them to, and money would be of more service to fingers, diamonds on his brooch, and a gemmed quizzingFried, in practice, the effect of his mathematical specula. them than books.” He valued his library when it was glass at his side; there is an honest fellow who cannot Boss, by constructing a variety of instruments, mathema. sent to York, at 40 or £50. Emerson, like other great afford a hat, whose feet, summer or winter, know not rical, mechanical, or musical, on a small scale. He had men, had his foibles and defects. He was singular and the luxury of shoe or stocking, and whose whole wardTiade a spinning-wheel for his wife, which is represented uncouth in his dress and manners, and hasty and impe- robe consisting of but two articles, viz. a tattered jacket, by 3 drawing in his book of Mechanics. He was well tuous in his temper; but whatever failings he had, they and about half a pair of small clothes; and, not to mulskilled in the science of music, the theory of sounds, and were over balanced by his virtues. He had a great, firm, tiply pictures, while the Lieutenant dashes by in a coachthe various scales, both ancient and modern; but he was and independent mind, that could not be brought to sub-and-four, the stranger gazes at the gallant and costly s fery poor performer, though he sometimes obliged his mit to any thing mean, base, or disingenuous, by any pageant, while he empties his pocket to satisfy the throng friends in the country by tuning and repairing their mu- power on earth: a pure, genuine, and ardent love of truth, of beggars who pray him, in the name of God, to give sical instruments. He carried that singularity, which and a detestation of falsehood of whatever species. His them a penny.-American Tourist. Inarked all his actions, even into this science. He had, if honesty and integrity were such, that all who knew any I may be allowed the expression, two first strings to his thing of him reposed the most implicit confidence in him;

The Housewife. vidlin, which he said made the E more melodious when and no man could ever justly say that Emerson had dethey were drawn up to a perfect unison. His virginal, ceived him. He had great pleasure in doing a good and

Housekeeping and husbandry, it be good, which was a species of instrument like the modern spinnet, friendly service to any deserving person, whenever he had The wife, too, must husband as well as the man, he had cat and twisted into various shapes in the keys, by it in his power; and under a rough and forbidding exte

Or farewel thy husbandry, do what thou canh." adding some oecasional half-tones, to regulate the present rior, he concealed a humane heart, that wished to promote Walnutsan excellent Family Medicine. Every body scales, and to rectify some fraction or discord that will the welfare and happiness of his fellow-creatures. He lies eats walnuts ; every body knows how to make a pickle of always remain in the tuning. This he never could get buried in the church yard at Hurworth, at the west end walnuts ; few, however, know the medicinal vir of regulated to his mind, and generally concluded in a pas..of the church ; against which is erected to his memory a dum artem, are an excellent opening medicine and alterasion, by saying, "It's a d-d instrument, and a foolish stone, with the following inscription. His wife survived tive; and this is the way to prepare them: Get the green thing to be vexed with.” Mr. Emerson was fond of an- him near two years; they had no children.

walnuts fit for pickling, put them in a stone jar, filled up gling, and while he thus amused himself would stand up

Quod sub Pedibus sepultum

with moist sugar, at the proportion of about half a pound to his middle in water for several hours logether. When

Et neglectum jacet

of sugar to a score of walnuts; place the jar in a saucepan he was building a house upon the small farm which he

Aliquando fuit

of boiling water for about three hours, taking care the poressed by the side of the Tees, he never hesitated to

GULIELMUS EMERSON.

water does not get in, and keep it simmering during the

operation. The sugar, when dissolved, should cover the plunge into the water, for the purpose of collecting stones

Priscæ Simplicitatis,

walnuts, if it does not, add more. Cover it close, and in from the bed of the river. He was affected, about that

Summæ integritatis,

six months it will be fit for use; the older it gets the bet. time, with some slight gouty symptoms, and said that

Rarissimi ingenii.

ter it is. One walnut is a dose for a child of six years of mading was serviceable to him, because the water sucked

Quantus fuerit Mathematicus

age, as a purgative; and it has this great advantage over Si scripta ejus perlegeris

drugs, that, whilst it is an excellent medicine, it is at the the gout out of his legs ; a theory for which he was pro

Quorsum narraret saxum?

same time very pleasant to the palate, and will be esbably not indebted to his favourite Keil or Morgan. When

Si non perlegeris,

teemed by the young folks as a great treat. Who can he wrote his treatise of Navigation, he must needs make

Perlege, et Scies.

say as much of salts, jalap, and other doctor's stuff? and and fit up a small vessel; with this, he and some friends

Obiit 21" Maii, 1782.

in a large family it will abridge the doctor's bill ten pounds embarked on the river Tees, that ran by his door at Hur

a year.--Economist. worth; bat the whole crew got swampt frequently; when

Juxta sepulta jacet

Ague.-Two tea-spoonfuls of the best flour of brimELIZABETHA UXOR.

stone, taken in a gill of Port wine, whenever the fit comes Emerson, smiling, and alluding to his book, said, “They

Quæ obiit 27° Martii, 1784

on (the patient going to bed immediately, and wrapped up miest not do as I do, but as I say.” In the earlier part of

Ætat. An. 76.

in blankets) is said to be a certain cure for the ague; to bis life he attempted to teach a few scholars ; but whether

be repeated, if necessary. from his soncise method, for he was not happy in explain

The Traveller.

Alleged Cure for the Tooth-ache.--To a table spooning his ideas, or the natural warmth of his temper, he

ful of any kind of spirits, add the same quantity of sharp mgade little progress in his school, which he therefore soon

vinegar, and a tea spoonful of common salt; mix them dropped. He never had a scholar that did him any credit, This city presents the most extraordinary contrast of enter the cavity of the tooth. It will give almost instan

well together; hold the liquid in the mouth, so that it can except Mr. Richardson of Darlington, who was always a poverty and magnificence to be met with in Europe. As taneous relief.- Economist. great farourite with him, and of whom he used to say, you approach it, you find the suburbs composed of hovels, To choose a Goose --The bill and feet of a young one hat he was the only boy who had a head in his school. the sides of which are partly stone and partly earth, the will be yellow, and there will be but few hairs upon them; Seing requested once, by letter, to communicate some roofs of turf, the entrances about four feet and a half high, if stale, dry and Stit. Green geese should be scalded; articulars of his life, by a friend who wanted to put them and the whole dimensions of each not exceeding twelve or stubble geese should be picked dry. ogether, be wrote for answer, “ I never knew you were fourteen feet square. These miserable caves may or may antereed biographer before; they will have little to do not have a hole for a window, and an aperture on the top I think, that set about writing my life; I am sure of this, to let out the smoke, if the luxury of fire can be afforded.

Scientific Records. wall of it will be lies; therefore I chuse to die in the Around the door the dirty children are huddled-not one. same obucurity that I have lived. half are decently clad, some of them still evince notions of lighting by gas, which uses the oil obtained from the seeds

Sulphur in Oil Gas.-In Paris there is a company for During the greatest part of his life he had enjoyed civilization by slinking into the house, or turning their bare of the brassica oleracea arvensis ; and it has lately been trong and uninterrupted health; but as he advanced in parts against a wall. I saw hundreds whose whole dress found that the sulphur contained in this seed was dissolved arshe was afflicted with the stone and gravel to an ex. consisting of a mass of rags, of all colours and all sorts of in the gas, and had a pernicious effect on the neighbouracisting degree. In the agony of these fits he would fabrics, will not furnish one piece of cloth eight inches hood where it was consumed. The gas attacked metallic sel round the floor, on bis hands and knees, sometimes Square, and these tatters seemed to be sewed together only were soon corroded and destroyed, and filled with an raying and sometimes swearing, and devoutly wishing to prevent them deserting each other. Having passed the efflorescence, which has been analysed, and shown to be hat the mechanism of the human frame bad been so suburbs, the dwellings improve ; and on reaching Sackville- a sulphate of zinc and copper, a sub-sulphate of copper, patrired as to go to wreck without all that clittermy- street, you imagine yourself in one of the most elegant cities phosphate of copper, and oxide of iron, with some traces letit, as he called it. As he grew weaker, the violence in Europe. In walking over the city, the late Parliament (accidental) of silica. This shows the necessity of wash

Bis disorder abated, and he died, at last, apparently House (now the Bank) the Exchange, the quay along the washing does not clean the gas.---Bulletin des Sciences theut much pain, on the 21st of May, 1782, and in the the Liffey, and several of the public squares, excite the Technologiques. be first year of his age.

stranger's admiration. There is no part of London which Native Oil of Lourel-Dr. Hancock has published, in Mr. Emerson, with much persuasion, about a year be- can compare with the centre of Dublin in beauty and the Quarterly Journal of Science, an account of a volatile bis decease, was prevailed on, by his friend Dr. Clouds. magnificence. But, in turning the eye from the architec-oil obtained from a tree of the laurinæ family, which

abounds in the fertile regions between the Orinoco and of Darlington, to sit for his portrait

, which was taken tural splendour which surrounds him, upon the crowds the Panine, in America. It is procured by striking into Sykes, and is now in the Doctor's possession. Towards which how along the streets, the stranger will be struck the tree with an axe, and as it is not distributed equally e clase of the year 1781, being sensible of his approach with the motley nature of the throng. Here is a lass in every part, some skill is necessary to find out the proper g dissolution, he disposed of the whole of his mathema-almost buoyant with satin and feathers; there is a trem. spot. The native oil resembles the essential oil obtainep al library to a bookseller at York: his instruments he bling girl of eighteen, purple from cold, shrinking from by art in many of its properties, but is purer. It is very 8. Par many years, been in the habit of disposing of, at shame, and drawing around her the poor rags which, tion in the plant is a curious fact, and may lead to some

for a mere trifie. When asked why he chose to with all her care, scarce cover her body ; here is an ex qui- interesting researches and discoveries in vegetable physioThis books, be said “ he had none but a pack of fools site, perfuming the air as he passes, with rings on his logy. Chemisi.

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DESCRIPTION OF DUBLIN

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