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The Beauties of Chess.
Short pieces of ribbon, both greasy and black,
SOLUTION TO GAME XVII. White.
Black. 1 Bishop ....B-6+
1 King ......B-6 2. Pawn ..C-8+ 2 King .......5
makes a Knight and
• Note. From the query of one of our correspondents, it seems he is not aware that when the Pawn arrives at the square C 8, it may be converted into a Knight as well as Queen. It is generally called Queening; but it is at the of tion
of the player to call for what piece he pleases; and an inferior piece is often more valuable than the Queen, is an the present instance.
[NO. XVIII.] White to give checkmate in four moves.
ORIGINAL TRANSLATION OF L'ABSENCE,
every evening this week, Mr. CHARLES, the VES Which appeared in the last Kaleidoscope.
TRILOQUÍST, will EXHIBIT "his popular ENTERTA
VANISM, MAGNETISM, PHILOSOPHICAL RECREATION Two days have pass'd since I forsook my fair,
ILLUSI NS in VENTRILOQUISM, and the ludicrous et Two billets-doux receivd which mark her care;
of the NITROUS OXIDE or LAUGHING GAS.
Admission, 2s.6d.-Children, 1s. 6d. For in the first, this charming, constant dear,
Doors open at Half-past
Seven--Performance comment Says, these two days appear to her a year ;
at Eight o'clock, and closes at Ten. So says the first; increasing in the second,
NOW EXHIBITING, THE NEW 'Tis thus my charmer has the moments reckon'd
EGYPTIAN PANORAMIC DIORAMA In it, she says, a hundred years have past
AT THE PANTHEON, TOP OF CHURCH-STREET. Since she took up the pen to write the last:
THE Public are respectfully
informed, that the aber Her calculation seems so sore beset,
that the Exhibition consists of FIVE VIEWS, eache I fear the third will tell we never met.
upon 650 feet of Canvas.
HOW ONE MAN MAY LIFT TWO MEN, OR EVEN First View. The CARLI CAVES.--Second Vier. Liverpool
PAGODA at RAMISSERAM. This View is seen ander
CITY of CAIRO. This View will be seen under varis TO THE EDITOR
effects of colouring: representing Night, Moonëight, Mornik [FROM THE MORNING POST.]
Dawn, Sunrise, and Broad Day.
the PUBLIC ENTRY
INTO DUBLIN, and the EMBARK from the ground. To do this, he (fig. 1) stoops down and The above
Views will be Exhibited three times during A CATALOGUE OF ARTICLES FOUND IN A KITCHEN DRAWER. passes his right hand behind the left thigh of fig. 2, whose at one; and the Third at Half-past Two. And in the Eva
day:-First Exhibition at Half-past Eleven o'clock; Secul (Being an antidote to the inattention of a modern Housewife to the right hand he grasps.then he passes his left hand behind ing also there will be three Exhibitions - Firse, int Hall
Six; Second, at Eight, and the last, at Nine o'clock, cleanliness of her Cook.)
the right thigh of fig. 3, whose left hand he grasps. The mencing precisely at the stated hours. A FACT. two persons (2 and 3) who are to be lifted, then pass each Boxes, 25.-Gallery, 1s.--Children, Half Price.
A MILITARY BAND. Three aprons, two dusters, the face of a pig,
one arm round the neck and shoulders of fig 1. When A dirty jack-towel, a dish-clout, and wig;
in this position, fig. 1, by raising himself gradually from Mr. Charles, Theatre of Magic.-In addition to A foot of a stocking, three caps and a frill,
his stooping position, lifts fig. 2 and 3 from the ground. masterly feats of sleight of hand, his pleasing and instra A busk and six buttons, mouse-trap and a quill;
When three persons are to be lifted, the third gets on the tive philosophical and electrical experiments, and A comb and a thimble, with Madona bands,
back of fig. 1; but the feat is more complete and the Mr. Charles has engaged a small but masterly band A box of specific for chaps in the hands; Some mace and some cloves tied up in a rag, group more picturesque with two than three.
music, consisting of a violin, a harp, and Spanish guitar An empty thread paper, and blue in a bagi
Literature, Criticism, &c. “ The definite articles in Spanish are de for the genitive “De mortuis nil nisi bonum" is a maxim which does
and ablative, and a for the dative. To is always translated not appear to have much influence with many of the into Spanish by a.”
friends of this eccentric nobleman; and whether it proTHE SPANISH LANGUAGE.
Here is a fine specimen of the declension (“ declination!") ceed from a scrupulous regard for truth, and a sincere TO THE EDITOR
of articles ; pronouns he, him, her, they, and them, are desire to read the world a moral lesson, or from the more $12,–) have never in my life entered the lists of Cri. called articles ; the prepositions de (of or from) and á (to) ignoble motives of personal aggrandisement, we shall not tricista before ; but there are at present so many persons are called definite articles ; and he gives us a beautiful il- venture to surmise; but we must say that the character who offer their novel systems to the public in this age of lustration of rocatives, “ O him, O her, and O them.” of Lord Byron is exhibited by his friends and companions éspromenent, that it behoves those to whom they address To which might be added, “Oh dear! how queer! that in a light more unfavourable since his death, than it was themselves to examine whether these novelties be real im. such talent should be here!” The author also says, ever represented during his life by his bitterest enemies. provements, or mere quackeries. I have attended Mr. that " when the feminine article la is followed by a word
The following observations on this subject are copied Hamiltoa's lectures, and perceiving by a pamphlet (pub beginning with another a, the article changes into a mas from the Liverpool Mercury of Friday laet. lished in London) and by letters in the Liverpool papers,
culine el, though the word still remains the same. Ex. el "In the whole range of modern literature, there are few that his system is undergoing an exposee, I shall leave his agua, water.” This observation would lead the learner works more entertaining and instructive than the Life of wonder-working engine to exhaust itself; and if he estab- astray, because the rule here given should only apply to Dr. Johnson, by his friend and companion Busteell ; for lish a durable footing in Liverpool upon the same basis of singular nouns, feminine, beginning with a, having the although it cannot be denied, that some parts of that sin. instruction that he has set out on, I shall soon expect the accent on the first syllable ; for, when the accent falls on gular production are puerile, impertinent, and provokingly arrival of some professor to announce that he purposes takes the sensinine article la, and not el.
any other, although the feminine noun begin with a, it minute, there is always a moral to be derived even froin giving a lecture in the Music ball on teaching languages
the foibles and peculiarities of our great Lexicographer ;
7. OF NOUXS. by stran!
nor is there any thing to be met with offensive to deli.
“ The Termination of the Adjective." Abridgment is now all the rage! What was acquired
cacy, or calculated to sap the foundation of the moral by our predecessors in a series of years, is to be compressed else is necessary than to change the o into a. Ex. bueno, tially depends. Any occasional prolixity which occurs in
“ To form the feminine from the masculine, nothing and social virtues, upon which human happiness so essen« by the high-pressure principle" into as many days.-buena. Au other terminations are of both genders."Pupils now call on professors of languages, and inquire in This is not correct, for some adjectives ending in l and s, faithful picture it presents to us of the minor actions and
Boswell's memoir, is compensated a hundred fold, by the What time they can learn a language, expressing them. selyes surprised if it should exceed a quarter of a year! in the masculine, add an a in the feminine, as Espanol, prevailing opinions of a man, whose extraordinary talents and I beard a few days ago of a person making an appli- Espanola, (Spanish ;) Ingles, Inglesa, (English,) &c. were improved by great erudition, and who was, moreover, cation to be taught three languages in a fortnight!
I fear I shall transgress your limits if I extend my pre- gifted with unrivaled colloquial powers. Grammars, which were formerly books, are now reduced sent critique farther; but as your work professes to exa- “We are, indeed, occasionally mortified to find, that a to the form of a table, about the size of a Liverpool Alma. mine literary productions, I shall again trespass on your man of such mental endowments was prone to bigotry and sack and Tide Table, or a pocket map of the town. One columns in continuation of the subject
, if you consider to narrow prejudices unworthy of his
character; but we f these fare productions is now advertising in the Liver- the Spanish language one of sufficient interest to your forgive all
, in consideration of the sterling integrity which pool papers, styled a “ Synoptic Table of the SPANISH readers.
formed the basis of his character. Grammar, and of all the Difficultics which the Spanish While Bonaparte commanded in Egypt, the following
“Some of the works professing to be auto-biographical Language can present, &c. by Mr. Fernandez, Author incident occurred :-Kleber was envious and refractory, memoirs of the late Lord Byron are of a very different and Transistor of several Works.” Price 8s. on a sheet, and disobeyed an order to the General. Bonaparte sent description :-in too many of these narratives, with which nad 6din a case. As the table includes conjunctions, for him. He attended with a haughty bearing, which, the press now abounds, we meet with very little to admire, but omits and as well as or, it is not so sarprising that the joined with his stature, gave him an air of heroism. The much to condemn, and scarcely any thing which has barned author has used the wrong one, unless the price be heroic height and proud deportment of Kleber with the any tendency to improve the morals or the
. If the really is. 6d., case included.
little person and pale countenance of the Commander-in- work, for the suppression of which Mr. Moore has in. I shall now proceed to analyze this valuable 38., 4s. 6d., Chief. Bonaparte, at a glance, read their thoughts, and curred much abuse, in which, however, we never joined, Or 75. 6d. Synoptic Table and Case, and lay a synopsis of changed his aspect in an instant. His countenance became bears any resemblance to some of the trash with which the the errors before the optics of your readers; premising that animated, bis eyes flashed, hais voice broke out with extra public
is now inundated, that gentleman is eminently it contains about as much printing as is usually included ordinary splendove i ne obechere us," saidahe addressing entitled to the thanks of the community, for the step he has in thit decimo-octavo pages, which might be struck off I am only by a head-one act of disobedience more, and taken. We are not amongst those who think that great sizpence each, with a good profit to the printer; the that difference will disappear.” Kleber obeyed. talent is any excuse for its misapplication ;-we do not ddition to the charge must of course be allowed moderate It was prettily said of Lord Bacon, that he had the art admit that a man of extraordinary endowments has any canvas, case, and the compiler's compensation for his of inventing arts.
prescriptive right to set at defiance the ordinary decencies cid and talent.
of life; and, if we were assured that the late Lord Byron The table contains 22 divisions, which I shall examine Men and Atlanners. was aware, without protesting against the measure, that
the profligate ribaldry and unmanly exposure of private 1. ALPHABET AND PRONUNCIATIOX.
THE AUTO-BIOGRAPHY OF THE LATE LORD BYRON. character, which too often characterized his convivial The professor informs us that “ the Spanish language
hours, were to be given to the public ;-were we tho
(Continued from our last.) onlains six vowels,” though he only condescends to name
roughly convinced of this, we should most heartily despise ne of them, a, e, i, o, u;—y has escaped, and perhaps be O'er the heart of Childe Harold' Greek maidens shall weep, his memory, nothwithstanding his genius, and the emi. us why. It has generally the same sound as i, In his own native island his body shall
nent services he has rendered the Greeks. sobe grammarians consider it a consonant in certain and his song shail go down to the latest of time,
“ Although we thus condemn many of the recent public sitions, where it is pronounced with a faint aspiration. Fame tell how he rose for earth's loveliest clione,
And mercy should blot out the rest."
cations respecting this extraordinary personage, there are Mr. F. has discarded it from the consonants likewise,
American Literary Gazette. many entertaining extracts to be made from them. In the appears to consider the “ y griega” beneath his notice. Chy" he informs us, should be pronounced " tcha," enemies," was a saying of some one who, in all probabi- copious selections, and we shall continue, for some weeks,
“ Save me from my friends, and I will take care of my last two numbers of the Kaleidoscope we have given some od in the same line " che,” “ tcho.”
lity, had found by experience, that there is sometimes as to pursue the subject; assuring our readers that nothing 2. OF COMBINED VOWELS. The dipthong ui. Ex.: guisar, to “ koock.” Query:
much danger to be apprehended from an indiscreet friend, shall be suffered to appear which may not be perused with as from an implacable enemy.
propriety in their own domestic circle.” hich is the professor most fit for, a teacher or a
“ cook ?"
If Lord Byron could have conceived it possible that 4. DOUBLE coxsoxANTS. There are in Spanish four double consonants
, which every idle word, every libertine expression, or scandalous MISCELLANEOUS SELECTIONS FROM CAPTAIN MEDWIN'S CONVERthe ce, oo, it, and the cc.” Rare grammarian! who his moments of thoughtless levity or reckless debauch, was
insinuation, or vain glorious boast, which escaped him in ver heard ee and o called double consonants ! ( Above registered for the purpose of posthumous publication, “Murray,” said he, "pretends to have lost money by Mary repeated.) 6. OF ARTICLES.
he, too, would have exclaimed, "Save me from my my writings, and pleads poverty ; but if he is poor, which "The masculine is el or le, &c. Examples : friends."
is somewhat problematical to me, pray who is to blame? These reflections naturally arose in our minds upon his great friends, during the last year, so many expensive
The fault is in his having purchased, at the instance of " Declination of the Articles." la, her,
reading certain auto-biographical notices of the life and voyages and travels, which all his influence with The los, they
they del, of him, de la, of her, delos, of them de las theme" conversations of Lord Byron, whose enemies will be highly Quarterly cannot persuade people to buy, cannot puff into 'O el, o him, Ola, Oher, Olos, O them, o las,
gratified by these disclosures of his intimate friends. popularity. The Cookery book (which he has got a law.
SATIONS OF LORD BYRON, AND OTHER WORKS.
suit about) has been for a long time his sheet anchor ; hut batteries will be opened; but I can fire broadsides too. | not been canvassed, and made the subject of
sep they say he will have to refund--the worst of funds. Mr. They have been letting off lots of squibs and crackers epistolary discussion, what does that prove but the ger Murray is tender of my fame! How kind in him! He against me, but they only make a noise and ****" merit of the whole piece ? And the correspondence is afraid of my writing too fast. Why? because he has a *** • Do you think,' asked I, that Sir Walter Scott's be valuable by and bye, and save the commentate tenderer regard for his own pocket, and does not like the novels owe any part of their reputation to the concealment vast deal of labour and waste of ingenuity. Peopl look of any new acquaintance, in the shape of a book of of the author's name?'— No,' said he, such works do wisest who take care of their fame when they have a mine, till he has seen his old friends in a variety of new not gain or lose by it. I am at a loss to know his reason That is the rock I have split on. It has been said faces; id est. disposed of a vast many editions of the for- for giving up the incognito, but that the reigning family he has been puffed into notice by his dinners and L mer works. I don't know what would become of me could not have been very well pleased with Waverley. Holland. Though he gives very good ones, and fem without Douglas Kinnaird, who has always been my best There is a degree of charlatanism in some authors keeping Mæcenases are no bad things now.a-days, it is by and kindest friend. It is not easy to deal with Mr. Mur- up the Unknown. Junius pwed much of his fame to that means true. Rogers has been a spoilt child; no *** ray.
trick ; and now that it is known to be the work of Sir that he is a little vain and jealous. And yet hed “Murray offered me, of his own account, £1000 a Philip Francis, who reads it? A political writer, and one praise very liberally sometimes; for he wrote to al canto for Don Juan, and afterwards reduced it to £500, who descends to personalities, such as disgrace Junius, friend of mine, on the occasion of his late publicat on the plea of piracy, and complained of my dividing one should be immaculate as a public, as well as a private that he was born with a rose-bud in his mouth, a canto into two, because I happened to say something at character, and Sir Philip Francis was neither. He had nightingale singing in his ear,' two very pretrily tu the end of the third about having done so. It is true his price, and was gagged by being sent to India. He orientalisms. Before my wife and the world quarry enough that Don Juan has been pirated ; but whom has there seduced another man's wife. It would have been a with me, and brought me into disrepute with the pul he to thank but himself? In the first place, he put too new case for a Judge to sit in judgment on himself in a Rogers had composed some very pretty commenda high a price on the copies of the first two cantos that came Crim. Con. It seems that his conjugal felicity, was not verses on me; but they were kept corked up for me out, only printing a quarto edition, at, I think, a guinea great; for when his wife died, he came into the room long years under hope that I might reform and get i and a halt. There was a great demand for it, and this in: where they were sitting up with the corpse, and said, favour with the world again, and that the said lobes duced the knavish booksellers to buccaneer. If he had Solder her up, solder her up.' He saw his daughter he is rather costive, and does not like to throw away put John Murray on the title-page, like a man, instead of crying, and scolded her, saying: An old bag, she ought effusions) might find a place in Human Life." But 1 smuggling the brat into the world, and getting Davison, to have died thirty years ago!' He married, shortly a great deal of oscillation, and many a sight at their ! who is a printer, and not a publisher, to father it, who after, a young
woman. He hated Hastings to a violent destiny-their still-born fate—they were hermetic would have ventured to question his paternal rights ? or degree ; all he hoped and prayed for was to outlive him. sealed, and adieu to my immortality.” who would have attempted to deprive him of them ? But many of the newspapers of the day are written as well
“ Rogers is the only man I know who can write “ The thing was plainly this ; he disowned and refused as Junius. Matthias's book, The Pursuits of Literature, grams, and sharp bone-cutters too, in two lines; for to acknowledge the bantling; the natural consequence was, now almost a dead letter, had once a great fame. stance, that on an M. P. (now a Peer) who had revia that others should come forward to adopt it. 'Mr. John
his book, and said he wrote very well for a banker" Murray is the inost nervous of God's booksellers. When “Since you left us," said Lord Byron, "I have seen
“ They say he has no heart, and I deny it, Don Juan first came out, he was so frightened that he Hobhouse for a few days. Hobhouse is the oldest and best
He has a heart and gets his speeches by it' made a precipitate retreat into the country, shut himself friend I have. What scenes we have witnessed together!
The following is his Lordship's opinion of Campbell ap, and would not open his letters. The fact is, he prints Our friendship began at Cambridge, we led the same sort for too many bishops. He is always boring me with pic of life in town, and travelled in company a great part of poetry of the day, and a question arose as to which was
“The conversation turned after dinner on the lyri own losses, and furnish prcof of the extent of his own riage,
and was with
me in 1816, after my separation. We for Coleridge's on Switzerland, beginning, "Ye cloud folly. Here is one at two shillings and sixpence, that were at Venice, and visited Rome together, in 1817. The &c.; others named some of Moore's Irish Melodies, a came out only yesterday. I do not pity him. Because I greater part of my Childe Harold was composed when we gave him one of my poems, he wanted to make me be were together, and I could do no less in gratitude than Campbell's Hohenlinden ; and, had Lord Byron not be lieve that I had made him a present of two others, and dedicate the complete poem to him. The first canto was present, his own Invocation to Manfred, or ode to Ne hinted at some lines in English Bards, that were certainly inscribed to one of the most beautiful little creatures I ever leon, or on Prometheus, might have been cited. to the point. But I have altered my mind considerably saw, then a mere child-Lady Charlotte Harleigh was my the oil; he is never satisfied with what he does ; his fine upon that subject; as I once hinted to him, I see no Ianthe. reason why a man should not profit by the sweat of his “ Hobhouse's Dissertation on Italian Literature is the outline is worn off. Like paintings, poems may be to
things have been spoiled by over polish-the sharpness brain as well as that of his brow, &c. besides, I was poor much superior to his Notes on Childe Harold Perhaps highly finished. The great art is effect, no matter box at that time, and have no idea of aggrandising booksel. he understood the antiquities better than Nibbi, or any of
produced. lers. I was in Switzerland when he made this modest re- the Cicerones; but the knowledge is somewhat misplaced quest—and he always entertained a spite against Shelley where it is
. Shelley went to the opposite extreme, and consider
little inferior to the best which the present profit
“ I will show you an ode you have never seen, tbsp for making the agreement, and fixing the price, which, never made any notes. I believe, was not dear: for the third canto of Childe "Hobhouse has an excellent heart: he fainted when he age has brought forth. With this he left the table, alme Harold, Manfred, and The Prisoner of Chillon, &c. I got heard a false report of my death in Greece, and was won: zine, from which he read the following lines on Sir Ja
before the cloth was removed, and returned with me £2,400. Depend on it he did not lose money-he was not derfully affected at that of Matthews--a much more able Moore's burial, which perhaps require no apology! puined by that speculation.
man than the Invalid. You have often heard me speak finding a place here:t “Murray has long prevented The Quarterly from of him. The tribute I paid to his memory was a very abusing me. Some of its bullies have had their fingers inadequate one, and ill expressed what I felt at his loss."
“Not a drum was heard, nor a funeral note, itching to be at me; but they would get the worst of it The following particulars are given by Captain Medwin,
As his corse to the rampart we hurried;
Not a soldier discharged his farewell shot in a set-to.” (Here he put himself in a boxing attitude.) respecting his manner of composing and his powers of con"I perceive, however, that we shall have some sparring versation :
O'er the grave where our hero we buried. ere long. I don't wish to quarrel with Murray, but it “Sometimes when I call, I find him at his desk; but
We buried him darkly at dead of night, seems inevitable. I had no reason to be pleased with him he either talks as he writes, or lays down his pen to play at The sods with our bayonets turning the other day. Galignani wrote to me, offering to pur- billiards, till it is time to take his airing. He seems to be By the struggling moonbeam's misty light, chase the copyright of my works, in order to obtain an able to resume the thread of his subject at all times, and
And the lantern dimly burning. exclusive privilege of printing them in France. I might to weave it of an equal texture. Such talent is that of an No useless coffin enclosed his breast, have made my own terms, and put the money into my an improvisatore. The fairness, too, of his manuscripts Nor in sheet nor in shroud we bound him, own pocket; instead of which, I enclosed Galignani's let. (I do not speak of the handwriting) astonishes no less than But he lay like a warrior taking his rest, ter to Murray, in order that he might concle the matter the perfection of every thing he writes. He hardly ever With his martial cloak around him. as he pleased." He did so, very advantageously for his own alters a word for whole pages, and he never corrects a line Few and short were the prayers we said, interest; but never had the complaisance, the common in subsequent editions. I do not believe that he has ever And we spoke not a word of sorrow ; politeness, to thank me, or acknowledge my letter. My read his works since he examined the proof sheets, and yet But we steadfastly gazed on the face of the dead, differences with Murray are not over. When he pur. he remembers every word of them, and every thing else And we bitterly thought of the morrow. chased Cain, The Two Foscari, and Sardanapalus, he worth remembering that he has ever known.
We thought, as we hollow'd his narrow bed, sent me a deed, which you remember witnessing. Well: “ I never met with any man who shines so much in con
And smooth'd down his lunely pillow, after its return to England, it was discovered that versation. He shines the more, perhaps, for not seeking
That the foe and the stranger would tread o'er his head, But I shall take no notice of it.” to sline. His ideas flow without effort, without his having
And we far away on the billow! Some time afterwards he said :
occasion to think. As in his letters he is not nice about “ Murray and I have made up our quarrel; at least, it expressions or words, there are no concealments in him,
Lightly they'll talk of the spirit that's gone,
And o'er his cold ashes upbraid him, is not my fault if it should be renewed." The Parsons have no injunctions to secrecy; he tells every thing that he has
But nothing he'll reck, if they let him sleep him on been at him about Cain.' An Oxonian has addressed a thought or done without the least reserve, and as if he
In the grave where a Briton has laid him. bullying letter to him, asking him how so moral a book. wished the whole world to know it; and does not throw
But half of our heavy task was done, seller can stain his press with so profane a book ?. He is the slightest gloss over his errors. Brief himself, he is threatened with a prosecution by the Anti-Constitutional impatient of diffuseness in others, hates long stories, and
When the clock told the hour for retiring;
And we heard, by the distant and random gun, Society. I don't believe they will venture to attack him : seldom repeats his own. If he has heard a story, you are
That the foe was suddenly firing. if they do, I shall go home and make my own defence." telling, he will say, you told me that,' and, with good Lord Byron wrote the same day the letter contained in humour, sometimes finish it for you himself.
Slowly and sadly we laid him down, the notes on “Cain," Some months afterwards he said The following is Lord Byron's opinion of Rogers :
From the field of his fame fresh and gory: in a letter :
(Medwin) “Is there one line of that poem (the Plea
We carved not a line, we raised not a stone, “Murray and I have dissolved all connexion. He had sures of Memory) that has not been altered and re-altered, But we left him alone with his glory, the choice of giving up me or the Navy Lists.' There till it would be difficult to detect in the patchwork any was no hesitation which way he should decide; the Ad. thing like the texture of the original stuff?"
See our preparatory remarks. miralty carried the day. Now for The Quarterly: their ! (Byron) “Well, if there is not a line
or a word that has' Edit. Kal.
1. We have frequently published this very striking elegt
alarly the lines
The feeling, with which he recited these admirable character of great eccentricity, mixed in none of the amuse, by his wife's melancholy fate, which ever after threw a za izas, I shall never forget. After he had come to an ments
natural to his age-was of a melancholy and reserved cloud over his own. The year subsequent to this event he id, he repeate the third, and said it was perfect, parti- disposition, fond of solitude, and made few friends. Nei- narried Mary Wolstonecraft Godwin, daughter of the
ther did he distinguish himself much at Eton; for he had celebrated Mary Wolstonecraft and Godwin ; and shortly * But he lay like a warrior taking his rest, a great contempt for modern Latin verses, and his studies before this period, heir to an income of many thousands With his martial eloak around him."
were directed to any thing rather than the exercises of his a year, and a baronetage, he was in such pecuniary dis. ** I should have taken,” said Shelley, “ the whole for class. It was from an early acquaintance with German tress that he was nearly dying of hunger in the streets ! ouzh sketch of Campbell's."
writers, that he probably imbibed a romantic turn of mind; Finding, soon after his coming of age, that he was entiNo," replied Lord Byron : "Campbell would have at least, we find him before fifteen publishing two Rossa: tled to some reversionary property in fec, he sold it to his aimed it, it it had been his."
Matilda-like novels, called . Justrozzi' and The Rosis father for an annuity of £1000 a year, and took a house "I afterwards had reason to think that the ode was crucian,' that bore no marks of being the productions of a at Marlow, where he persevered more than ever in his Ard Byron's;" that he was piqued at none of his own boy, and were much talked of, and reprobated as immoral poetical and classical studies. It was during his residence being mentioned ; and, after he had praised the verses so by the Journalists of the day. He also made great pro. in Buckinghamshire that he wrote his Alastor, or the highls, ould not own them. No other reason can be gress in chemistry. He used to say, that nothing ever Spirit of Solitude; and perhaps one of the most perfect assigned for his not acknowledging himself the author, delighted him so much as the discovery that there were no specimens of harmony in blank verse that our language particularly as he was a great admirer of General Moore. riements of earth, fire, or water ; but before he left school possesses, and full of the wild scenes which his imagination Or Malame de Stael he said:
he nearly lost his life by being blown up in one of his ex- had treasured up in his Alpine excursions. In this poem "No woman had so much bonne foi as Madame de periments, and gave up the pursuit. He now turned his he deifies nature much in the same way that Wordsworth ael = her's was a real kindness of heart. She took the mind to metapiysics, and became infected with the niate- did in his earlier productions. reatest possible interest in my quarrel with Lady Byron, rialism of the French school. Even before he was sent to " Inattentive to pecuniary matters, and generous to : rather Lady Byron's with me, and had some influence University College, Oxford, he had entered into an episto- excess, he soon found that he could not live on his income ; het my wife as much as any
person but her mother, lary theological controversy with a dignitary of the Church, and, still unforgiven by his family, he came to a resoluhigh is not saying much. I believe Madame de Stael under the feigned name of a woman; and, after the second tion of quitting his native country, and never returning to
ber utmost to bring about a reconciliation between us. term, he printed a pamphlet with a most extravagant title, it. There was another circumstance, also, that tended to She was the best creature in the world.”
· The Necessity of Atheism.' This silly work, which was disgust him with England: his children were taken from 0Coleridge he had the highest opinion :
only a recapitulation of some of the arguments of Voltaire him by the Lord Chancellor, on the ground of his Atheism. "_Coleridge is like Sosie in Amphitryon; he does not and the philosophers of the day, he had the madness to He again crossed the
Alps, and took up his residence at whether he is himself or not. If he had never gone to circulate among the bench of Bishops, not even disguising Venice. There be strengthened his intimacy with Lord
Tean, or spoiled his fine genius by the transcendental his name. The consequence was an obvious one; he was Byron, and wrote his Revolt of Islam, an allegorical Flosaphy and German metaphysics, nor taken to write summoned before the heads of the College, and, 'refusing poem in the Spenser stanza. Noticed very favourably in s sermoris, he would have made the greatest poet of the to retract his opinions, on the contrary preparing to argue Blackwood's Mogazine, it fell under the lash of The as. What poets had we in 1795? Hayley had got a them with the examining Masters, was expelled the uni. Quarterly, which indulged itself in much personal abuse
popoly, such as it was; Coleridge might have been any versity. This disgrace in itself affected Shelley but little of the author, both openly in the review of that work, and hinz: as it is, he is a thing that dreams are made of." at the time, but was fatal to all his hopes of happiness and insidiously under the critique of Hunt's Foliage. PerThe account of the performance of the last offices to prospects in life ; for it deprived him
of his first love, and haps little can be said for the philosophy of The Loves of Wire Shelley's remains, and the account of Shelley given was the eventunl means of alienating him for ever from his Laon and Cythra. Like Mr.
Owen, of Lanark, he beCaptain Medwin, are highly deserving of extract: family: For some weeks after this expulsion, his father lieved in the perfectability of human nature, and looked
18th August, 1822.-00 the occasion of Shelley's me refused to receive him under his roof; and when he did, for ard to a period when a new golden age would return ncholy fate, I revisited Pisa, and on the day of my arrival treated him with such marked coldness, that he soon quitted to earth—when all the different creeds and systems of the urnt that Lord Byron was gone to the sea-shore, to assist what he no longer considered his home, went to London world would be amalgamated into one-crime disappear
performing the last offices to his friend. We came to a privately, and thence eloped to Gretna Green with a Miss and man, freed from shackles civil and religious, bow beput Darked by an oid and withered trunk of a fir-tree, Westbrook-their united ages amounting to 33. This last fore the throne of his own aweless soul,' or of the ed near it, on the beach, stood a solitary hut, covered act exasperated his father to such a degree, that he now Power
unknown.? rith reeds. The situation was well calculated for a poet's broke off all communication with Shelley. After some
" Wild and visionary as such a speculation must be Tara, A few weeks before I had ridden with him and stay in Edinburgh, we trace him into Ireland; and, that confessed to be in the present state of society, it sprang ord Byron to this very spot, which I afterwards visited country being in a disturbed state, find him publishing a from a mind enthusiastic in its wishes for the good of
the inte than once. In front it was a magnificent extent of pamiphlet, which had a great sale, and the object of which species, and the amelioration of mankind and of society: he blue and windless Mediterranean, with the Isles of was to soothe the minds of the people, telling them that and however mistaken the means of bringing about this Eiba and Gorgona.-Lord Byron's yacht at anchor in the moderate firmness, and not open rebellion, would most reform or “revolt
" may be considered, the object of his ffing : on the other side an almost boundless extent of tend to conciliate, and to give them their liberties.
whole life and writings seems to have been to develope andy wilderness, uncultivated and uninhabited, here and there interspersed in tufts with underwood curved by the great fluency and eloquence. Returning to England the The Prometheus Unbound, a bold attempt to revive a lost
“He also spoke at some of their public meetings with them. This is particularly observable in his next work, ma-beza, and stunted by the barren and dry nature of latter end of 1812, and being at that time an admirer of play of Aschylus. This drama shows an acquaintance past stond high square towers, for the double purpose of himself and his wife passed several days, at Keswick. He person possessed in an equal degree, and was written at bearing the coast from smuggling, and enforcing the now became devotedasse poetry, and after imbuing him. Rome, amid the flower-covered ruins of the Baths of Ca. tento bathe Italien Alps, which are here particularly pic. Justice, composed his Queen 17ah, and presented it to into a tragedy, which, but for the harrowing nature of the gues from their volcanic and manitold appearances, most of the literary characters of the day—among the
and the prejudice against any thing bearing his shich being composed of white marble, gave their to Lord Byron, who speaks of it in his note to The F204 name, could not have failed to have had the greatest
sucthe As a foreground
to this picture appeared as extraor- great power and inagination. I never wrote a line of the Byron was of opinion that it was the best play the age had f the guard ; and Leigh Hunt, abre feelings and nerves nions and mine differ materally upon the metaphysical ding over the burning pile, with some of the soldiers notes, nor ever saw them except in their published form. produced, and not unworthy of the immediate followers of No one knows better than the real author, that his opi. Shakspeare.
“ After passing several months at Naples, he finally reld not carry him through the ene of horror, lying portion
of that work; though, in common with 'all who settled, with his lovely and amiable wife, in Tuscany, ith the intensity of the noon-day sun. The stillness of the poetry of that and his other productions.' ist in the carriage, the four post-horses ready to drop are not blinded by baseness and bigotry, I highly admire where he passed the last four years in domestic retirement I around was yet more felt by the shrill scream of a soli: remarked here, that Queen Mab, eight or ten years af.
It is to be and intense application to study.
“ His acquirements were great. He was, perhaps, the Fearlew, which, perhaps, attracted by the body, wheeled sath narrow circles round the pile, that it might have terwards, fell into the hands of a knavish bookseller, who first classic in Europe. The books he considered the and struck with the hand, and was so fearless that it could published it on his own account ; and on its publication, models of style for prose and poetry were Plato and the be driven away. Looking at the corpse, Lord Byron nions contained in that work, as being the crude
notions of the modern languages. Calderon in Spanish, Petrarch of his youth.
and Dante in Italian,
and Goëthe and Schiller in German, Why, that old silk handkerchief retains its form tter than that human body!'”
“ His marriage, by which he had two children, soon said he never could understand the beauty of Racine.
were his favourite authors. French he never read, and Scarcely was the ceremony concluded, when Lord turned out (as might have been expected) an unhappy one,
“ Discouraged by the ill success of his writings-perseron, agitated by the spectacle he had witnessed, tried to and a separation ensuing in 1816, he went abroad, and sipate, in some degree, the impression of it, by his fa passed the summer of that year in Switzerland, where the cuted by the malice of his enemies-hated by the world
an outcast from his family, and a martyr to a painful arite recreation. He took off his clothes, therefore, and scenery of that romantic country tended to make nature a an off to his yacht, which was riding a few miles distant." passion and an enjoyment; and at Geneva he formed a complaint, he was subject to occasional fits of melancholy
friendship for Lord Byron, which was destined to last for and dejection. For the last four years, though he coniiWe shall here terminate our extracts this week, in order life, It has been said, that the perfection of every thing nued to write, he had given up publishing: There were introduce the following most interesting memoir of the Harold, This Manfred, and" Prisoner of Chillon) owed his resolution. His ardent love of liberty inspired him to ifortunate Shelley. * Perey Bysshe Shelley was removed from a private over those works, and to his dosing
him (as he used to say) translated into Greek, and which he inscribed to his friend Jool at thirteen, and sent to Eton. He there shewed a with Wordsworth. In the autumn of this year we find Prince Maurocordato; and his attachment to Keats led
the subject of this Memoir at Como, where he wrote Ros him to publish an elegy, which he entitled Adonais. I am corroborated in this opinion, lately, by a lady salind and Helen, an eclogue, and an ode to the Eugenean “ This last is, perhaps, the most perfect of all his comhorse brother received it many years ago from Lord Byron, Hills, marked with great pathos and beauty. His first positions, and the one he himself considered so. Among his Lordship's own hand writing."
visit to Italy was short, for he was soon called to England the mourners at the funeral of his poet friend, he draws
this portrait of himself (the stanzas were afterwards ex- Ratcliff's entering just at the moment he is recovering panged from the elegy):
FRUIT-TREES. from the terror struck on his soul by the apparitions: this «« « Mid others of less note came one frail form,
was admirable, and left me nothing to wish for. These, A phantom among men-companionless however, were the only points in the whole piece that struck
TO THE EDITOR. As the last cloud of an expiring storm, me as any thing extraordinary; as for the rest, it was all
SIR,-You have inserted many curious accounts Whose thunder is its knell. He, as I guess,
trick and nonsense. His sudden transitions of voice and fruit-trees bearing fruit twice during summer, and som Had gazed on Nature's naked loveliness
countenance are seldom called for ; and, though what the blooming in winter. I can inform you of a pearate Actæon-like; and now he fled astray
English call striking, are far removed from nature. The With feeble steps on the world's wilderness,
scene with Lord Stanley, for instance, was very ill acted; for, growing in Mr. Garside's garden, in Ormskirk, which i And his own thoughts along that rugged way
though he doubted his devotion, was it the way to gain my been known to bear twice a year, for forty years back Pursued, like raging hounds, their father and their prey. Lord Stanley's aid to treat him with the most studied and and the last summer, and the summer before, it was alta His head was bound with pansies overblown,
palpable contempt, and even to make faces at him. It is my in bloom; and, though the first crop have long disa And faded violets, white and pied and blue;
opinion, that had the usurper, Richard, demeaned himself peared, there are pears now on the tree from the size And a light spear, topp'd with a cypress cone,
towards Lord Stanley, as Kean did towards his representa. (Round whose rough stem dark ivy tresses shone, tive, Lord Stanley would have very deliberately
passed a nut-kernel to that of a hen's egg. Yet dripping with the forest's noonday dew.) his sword through Richard's body, let the consequence
Ormskirk, October 30, 1824. Vibrated, as the ever-beating heart
have been what it would. Again, I would inquire, what Shook the weak hand that grasp'd it. Of that crew
Mr. Kean means by using a foil instead of a sword, in the He came the last, neglected and apartfield of battle? This is on a par with the rest of his per
To Correspondents. A herd-abandoned deer, struck by the hunter's dart!"
sonation of the character ; and yet the Londoners, I am • The last eighteen months of Shelley's life were passed in cold, can it and clap their hands,
and throw up their AUTO-BIOGRAPHY OF LORD BYRON-The puble curiosity a daily intercourse with Lord Byron, to whom the amiability, such things be, and overcome us like a summer's cloud,
much alive at this time, to every thing connected with the gentleness, and elegance of his manners, and his great ta- without our special wonder ?” But to proceed; in the
extraordinary and eccentric nobleman, that we deem ita Pents and acquirements, had endeared him. Like his friend, of battle, he appears, as I have just said, with a foil in his
duty to gratify the taste, as far as we can, consistently wi he wished to die young: be perished in the twenty-ninth hand, and placing himself
on guard in carte (how absurd)
propriety. To use a very homely phrase, we must " geri year of his age, in the Mediterranean, between Leghorn calls on Richmond to come and fight him : but Richmond, while the Iron is hot;" or, as the Irishman said while and Lerici, from the upsetting of an open boat. The sea not being, I suppose, an adept at the small sword,
turns a had been to him, as well as Lord Byron, ever the greatest deaf ear; he, however, soon meets him, and Richard
was skating, we must “make hay while the sun shine delight, and, as early as 1813, in the following lines, again placing himself in carte, a parly commences, during
The public journals are so much occupied with the sulfate written at sixteen, he seems to have anticipated that it which, Richard thinks proper to go through part of the
Lord Byron, that, unless we dedicate to ita considerable would prove his grave: evolution of the salute, by drawing his two feet together,
tion of our journal, the selections we intend to givebot « To-morrow comes : and bringing his foil's hilt to his breast. Now can any
Kaleidoscope, from the various narratives recently publish Cloud upon cloud with dark and deep'ning mass thing be more ridiculous than this ? really it was too much respecting his Lordship, win lose all the charm of nord Roll o'er the blackened waters; the deep roar
for me, and I gave full scope to to my long retained laugh- This consideration must be our excuse for postponing i of distant thunder mutters awfully;
ter, for I could hold it no longer. What senseless stones Tempest unfolds its pinions o'er the gloom the English people must be, to be gulled (am I right?) by
at least another week, several articles which were promis That shrouds the boiling surge; the pitiless fiend such a charlatan, for he is truly nothing but a quack; a
and prepared, amongst which are, The Fortune Hunter, With all his winds and lightnings tracks his prey; successful one I grant you, but still nothing but a quack.
original translation from the German—the letters of (! The torn deep yawns; the vessel finds a grave
But I am becoming too prolix, and must conclude, leaving for and A Friend to the Drama (on Mr. L'acread, )and Archer Beneath its jagged Jaws."
Mr. Macready for a future discourse. Je vous salue de MR KEAN_We have several times felt tempted to extend - For fifteen days after the loss of the vessel his body bon cæur.
A STRANGER. was undiscovered, and when found was not in a state to be October 21, 1824.
the letter, signed A Stranger, it is so extravagantly several removed. In order to comply with his wish of being
We grant that Mr. Kean has very great faults, into wbled buried at Rome, his corpse was directed to be burnt; and
we believe that the vitiated taste of the publie, rather than Lord Byron, faithful to his trust as an executor, and duty
his own, has betrayed him. There are, however, in
TO THE EDITOR as a friend, superintended the ceremony which I have de
acting some most striking and unrivalled beauties, with scribed.
SIR, I understand,
that, at are conceded to him by the most critical and spatelonate. “ The remains of one who was destined to have little re- the representation of Othello in our theatre, last week, the
As the public, by judicious applause, may foster dramatie pose or happiness here, now sleep with those of his friend individual who performed the character of Cassio went
talent from its development to its perfection, so it may, down on his knees, in the drunken scene, to utter the Keats, in the burial-ground near Caius Cestus's Pyramid;
by injudicious plaudits, spoll an actor of the most promis a spot so beautiful, said he, that it might almost niake words forgive us our sins,” which are obviously a por
ing genius. We have been accustomed to think for our e in love with death.'" tion of the Lord's Prayer.
selves upon most subjects, and have always elaimed the Fictitious addresses to the Deity on the stage are, at right of dissenting from the multitude in matters of the best, indecent, not to say profane ; and must, in every especially. We have, therefore, never been taken in
case, give pain to the pious mind. In the present instance, Correspondence.
Mr. Kean's clap-traps; and the opinions we formed the tine Cassio is represented as growing religious in his cups; time we saw him are precisely the same as those We Do
and, though the introduction of sacred words for such a tertain. We recollect writing to a friend many year MR. KEAN.
purpose cannot, in strictness, be approved; yet, in support on the subject, when Kean was in the zenith of bis of the character, the expression, if delivered en passant as larity. Amongst other observations we then made
an ejaculation merely, might perhaps be tolerated: the [See a note to correspondents.)
his acting, after speaking warmly in praise of his natur actor, at least, would not be responsible. But when an powers, and his expressive countenance, we expressed
actor, personating intoxication, repeats these words with fears that the public would spoil him, as they applaude TO THE EDITOR.
mock solemnity, in the reverent posture of prayer, he be- the worst part of his acting, more than the best points SIR, -A stranger to your shores, I have csonidered my comes justly censurable. He gives them in the most of appeared to us to be Penfant gate of the theatrical poble self fortunate in having bad an opportunity of witnessing marked action is not at all required. On the contrary, it fensive way, and is indeed without excuse; for such whose infatuation was such, that we would have ventura
no inconsiderable wager (had that been our babit) that the performance, during my sojourn in Liverpool, of your exhibits a caricature, rather than a just delineation of the Kean, at the time we wrote to our friend, would have see two great dramatic leaders, Kean and Macready, and I beg part, and offends as much against taste and propriety as on his head, or with his mouth wide open, his test to offer a few observations thereon, of which you may make against religious feeling.
inwards, and his hands in his breeches pockets, or angalir what use you choose ; but, in case you think proper to man in question, who is a performer of rising merit; and
I offer these observations with no ill-will to the gentle. else, it would have been lauded to the skies; and if
blown his nose in any particular part of a scene, it w place thisin a corner of your next publication, I hope I hope he will take them in good part. My wish is to see have been hailed as a new reading. He is, notwithstanda you will have the goodness to correct any inaccuracies every reasonable objection to theatrical representations re, a very great actor; and if he would attend to the surr which may have crept in, through my ignorance of your moved, that the stage may be a source not only of rational tions of hisown judgment, rather than tothoseof the gallery language. amusement, but of mental and moral improvement. he would maintain
the ground which he now appears to First, then, of Mr. Kean, who, I understand, has not
Yours, &c. A LOVER OF THE DRAMA. losing. Let him paraphrase the words he is so accustomed appeared here for some years. This gentleman, I am
Liverpool, October 25, 1824.
to address, as Hamlet, to his mother, for her moral rich informed, is considered the first tragic actor of the day;
substituting certain vices in his own acting, and, under this impression, I went, on Monday night, to
“Then throw away the worser part, LIVERPOOL ROYAL INSTITUTION.
And act the better with the other half." see his performance of Richard III. the character in which he is said to have built his fame: judge, then, of my sur.
MR. M'CULLOCH'S LECTURES.
ETHIC-We shall endeavour to procure the work recre prise, when, instead of finding, as I had anticipated, the
mended by B.B. * mirror held up to nature," I was compelled to witness a
TO THE EDITOR. tissue of extravagance and caricature (for certainly great Sin.-I have received a circular from the Secretary of MUSICAL BIOGRAPHY. Our esteemed friend, c. is informed part of his performance was nothing else) and, if any infe- the above Institution, announcing the delivery of Mr.
that the biographical sketch recommended for inserta rence might be drawn from the apathy of the audience, I M'Culloch's Lectures at “ one o'clock in the forenoon."
had previously arrested our attention, and shall be insertal was not the only person in the theatre of this opinion. I should consider myself obliged to some of the learned
forthwith, together with some memoranda of our oth Some scenes were, I must confess, depicted with a masterly
made on a visit to Miss R. when she was an tnfant. hand, among which was the first
, and some parts of the professors, if they would inform me what hour the worthy second, with Lady Anne, as well as the tent scene. In Secretary alludes to.
A. BULL. Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAY, by this last I must particularly notice his " who is there?" on Liverpool, Nov. 1, 1824.
E. SMITH & Co. 75,