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ss speculations, disfigured and rendered unintelligible to then that Luther indignantly exclaimed at this and the common people, who had already abused this liberty to le professors themselves by a thousand uncouth and Aristotelian philosophy, from which it was derived, the purpose of division and dissention, and, under the de arbarous terms, had succeeded to a precise and correct
“What doth ít contribute towards the knowledge of things, nomination of women, artificers, apprentices, journeymen, trocination. Not oaly profane, but sacred erudition, the ceived and prescribed by Aristotle, concerning matter, prisonment as often as they are detected in reading the
to be perpetually trifling and cavilling, in language con- and serving men, are to be punished with one month's imnowledge of languages, criticism, and every other ac- form, motion, and time !"-Enfield's Brucker, vol. 2, p. Bible either privately or openly." (Warton H. E. P. vol. mpaniment of polite literature, was batished as unwor. 387.) Others, distinguished for their talents and judg. 4. p. 27.)
LIBRA. y of the sanctuary, and it was the opinion, that with the ment, have been of the same opinion; and the name of rerated obscurities of the mysteries of religion, should Bacon needs alone be mentioned, to show the Father of Reforın" was not so very wrong in his conclusions. But
The Housewife. connected an obscurity or rather a barbarism of style if, in this particular, Luther cannot be altogether vindi1 an intricacy of undigested words. On the other hand, cated, his own acquirements prove there were many any of the reformers were not only gifted with an acute branches of knowledge he diligently attended to. Не gius, but also with valuable acquirements, and their possessed no small share of erudition, and was a powerful Mr. Abernethy, in his third lecture, when speaking of
" The ordinary causes of reasoner and orator. Bossuet acknowledges that he had the evils of indigestion, says, dies in the Hebrew and Greek languages , and their great learning for the period ; too great for his own sal
. these complicated evils are as plain as B freontis evici osledge of the works of the Fathers, and of the monu- vation and the repose of the church." He afterwards dent, that they are to be traced to the very irregular and mts of profane and ecclesiastical history, were misused styles him invincible in treating the ancient dogmas of intemperate habits which men practice. When patients the purpose of giving credit to their wicked opinions. religion. He was completely master of his native lan apply to me, and I see that their complaints are chiefly of then was acknowledged, that in order to oppose the re- guage, which he is said to have fixed ; 'and his translation the nature I have been describing, I tell them that I am st heresies, it was necessary to be furnished with arms lical knowledge, and the purity and eloquence of his
. that they have their health in their own keeping If a of the scriptures remains at once a monument of his bib. no physician; and I offend them stoutly when I tell them nilar to those the innovators were employing: theolo
Mr. Butler has vindicated 'the Catholics, with much man were to do as Cornaro did, he would be rewarded for ans began the study of foreign languages, of history, success, from the charge of prohibiting the translation, it by a long and happy life. Cornaro was given over by id antiquity, to distinguish the authentic from the fictic and the entire perusal of the Bible, in the vulgar tongue his physicians at the age of thirty-five; he saw that there vus writings of the Fathers, and thus to enable themselves Several editions, in most of the European languages, had was not the least chance of recovery, if he continued to bear with firmness, and rebut with valour, the attacks the Protestant versions were printed. The Church of and that there was no good in putting food into his sto.
issued from the press long before, and very inany after, swallow the trash they were in the habit of giving him, heresy." (Tirabos. sec. 16. stud. sac.) Nothing can Rome, it is true, had no objections to translations, pro mach, if his stomach could not digest it; what did it do more explicit and correct than the sentiments of this vided those who undertook the task were firm in the pure there? why, it played the very devil with Cornaro's bowels. inguished Italian, and not one of the branches of faith, and willing to be guided, and bend to the interpre. “So," said he,“ í dropped the plan pursued by my phy. rature , he notices above, was not renewed and mate- These versions, it may be supposed, were not always the pal duty of Cornaro's life was the happy state of mind
tation, as authorized by the infallibility of the church. sicians, and adopted a regimen of my own." The princi. ly forwarded amongst the Catholics, by the emu
most fuilhful and literal. Many striking instances of an in which his continued temperance preserved him. He ma and solicitude excited by the writings of the abandonment of truth, and a falsification, if so harsh a limited himself to twelve ounces of food for each day ; this irmers The Centuriæ Magdeburgenses gave rise word must be used, of the Word of God," for the pur- was of a nutritious kind, and no inducement could prevail the immense and learned undertaking of Baronius, with in these catholic translations
. I am will transcribe a the greatest relish, for Cornaro's
appetite was rather
are to be met on him to exceed it. He enjoyed the simplest food with attacks on the papal power to the celebrated trea- few, from a French version of the New Testament, printed keen; so that he used to say, when eating a dry crust of the Cardinal Bellarmine, and the ridicule be- at Bourdeaux, in 1686, a year after the revocation of the of bread, “Oh! how delicious it is; it is so delicious, ed on the lives of the saints ultimately produced edict of Nantes; and, very probably, part of the 50,000 that I am almost tempted to exceed my allowance;" yet gigantie work of the Bollandists, which, though copies” noticed with satisfaction by Mr. Butler, “ as dis- he never did. He writes, between cighty and ninety, btains much that is absurd, is still less objectionable tributed among the converted Protestants, by the order of “The society of my friends is delightful, and even the the former legends. The reformers are next accused surprising, at such a period, when learning was at its otherwise engaged, I read godly books. But the infirmi
Louis XIV., at the recommendation of Bossuet." It is company of children is amusing to me; and when not e wish to abolish the various branches of polite learn. height in France, that so great a liberty should have
been ties of age increasing upon me, and becoming more feeble, and, in particular, of philosophy: the subsequent taken with the sacred text. A license of the Archbishop my friends advised me w increase my diet, which I did Age of opinion in Melancthon, and his exertions in the of Bourdeaux, bearing date the 17th of July, 1686, declares to fourteen ounces. But, from the time I began to in. asion of knowledge, as well as those of other reformers, this Testament to have been revised and exactly corrected.crease it, I was dissatisfied with myself, and felt that it noticed with approbation. Mr Butler is here per- year," is thus rendered : " And his parents went every continued it long, before I was obliged to return to my
-Luke ii. 41. “ Now his parents went to Jerusalem every was producing mischief in my stomach, and I had not y correct. Many of the early reformers did hold the year in pilgrimage (en pécrinuge) to Jerusalem.”—Acts, former allowance.
?” Cornaro, however, could not live for ion that profane learning was not requisite, and should xiii. 2. “ As they ministered to the Lord," &c. thus: ever, and we find that, to the time of his death, he might de encouraged in those who were engaged in the ser: Mass "hele sacrifice de la" Messe. )-1. Cor. i. 15. But to the grave at the advanced age of one hundred and five; of religion. This opinion they were not the first to he himself shall be saved, yet so as by fire :" * But he as the account is given by his niece, who was a nun at lain : it has generally been received by all those sects himself shall be saved, yet so as by the fire of purgatory Padua. ndividuals who profess a higher degree of spiritual pur le feu du purgatoire.")-1 Cor. vii. 10. "And unto “Now, what I propose as a diet is Cornaro's diet, and ination and purity than their neighbours; it is the the married I command:"'" But as for those who are it is no fanciful systein. The diet, should always be of a ation of the religion of mysticism, and many of the united by the sacrament of marringe (par le sacrament de moderate quantity, it should not be wholly vegetable or 1s and first Christians were decidedly of this senti- the Lord's table, and of the table of devils :" . Ye cannot I have taken the liberty to recommend to the public is
marriage.")-1 Cor. x. 21. “Ye cannot be partakers of animal, but it should be of a nutritious kind. The diet · The celebrated Pope Gregory the Great is said to be partakers of rohat is sacrificed upon ( qui est sacrifié sur) Cornaro's, with a few conundrums of my own, as Dr. destroyed the statues, and burnt the classics of the the Lord's table," &c.-- 1 Cor. xi. 26. For as often as Franklin says. I do not pretend to have adhered to such its, for fear they should engage too much of the time ye eat this bread :" " For as often as ye eat this living a diet as Cornaro did. Oh, no! I acknowledge myself to tention of Christians ; and though this report is now times some shall depart from the faith :" : In the latter living irregularly, and having heen taking butter and
“ In the latter have been a sinner; and I remember once having been illy discredited by both parties, there is no doubt times some shall depart from the Roman faith (de la foy sauces and sweetmeats, and indulging a pampered appe, he Pontiff was adverse to secular learning. The Romaine.")--Mem. de Lit. 4. art. 44. ap. Amer. C. Spec. tite, things that turned acid and rancid on my stomach ; I 2, he declares, should not be profaned by the praises v. 5: p. 500.) Of course, such an attempt to corrupt the was seized with pain in my bowels and head-ache, and had piter, but should be devoted to those of Christ. original text, would be looked upon with indignation by a sore throat ; and I had a friend of mine, a physician, to no se ore cum Jovis laudibus Christi
laudes non ca-noticed here, except for the purpose of showing how ne- what sort of cynanche it was to be ; one said one thing,
the Catholics of the present day; nor are these instances look into my throat, and there was a long discussion as to The opposition, however, of Luther was princi- cessary the translations of the reformers were, when such and
the second another; but I smiled and said, If you do directed against that system of philosophy called interpolations were publicly sanctioned by the Roman not know what it is, I know what will cure it'; so I took stic, wbich had gained such despotic influence over Church. As to the opinions held by the Catholics re- a dose of calomel and jalap, and I lived upon toast and inds of men. There was perhaps nothing better specting the promiscuous reading of the scriptures, every water for about ten days, and I got rid of my sore throat to retain the intellect in darkness, and serve the learned men of the established church have entertained, functions of the alimentary canal should be regularly per
person must be aware, that many of the dignitaries and and fever together. It is of great importance that the of superstition and mental slavery, than this philo- and do still entertain the same or similar views: there are formed, and the quality of the secretions attended to as
The most abstruse speculations were enveloped in certainly many powerful reasons against an indiscriminate well as the quantity. Every old woman knows how neinth of sophistry, futile distinctions, and indefinite distribution, particularly of the Old Testament. That cessary it is to attend to this if she wishes to keep herself
it was of no consequence which side of a question sturdy and despotic " reformer,” if he deserve the name, in a comfortable state of health, and therefore she mixes braced, or however trifling it might be; its cham was not the most salutary for the people at large, and ac- tea with some manna, or perhaps with a little tincture of
Henry VIII. soon became convinced that such a perusal up some gentle laxative compound, such as a little senna were ever ready to prove “ the worse the better cordingly issued a law, which, had it been made by a Ca rhubarb, and she takes sufficient of this to act at a given " and to attack or defend, as occasion required. tholic prince, would have been branded as the height of time, and if it should fail of its usual effect, why, she adds eshes of this “ cobweb of learning," as Lord Bacon persecution. The English Bible " is absolutely forbidden a little more to the dose, or takes a smaller quantity of it . were so close and intricate, that whoever entered to be read or expounded in the church. A nobleman or in four hours, and thus the end is answered perfectly well. re to be entangled, and every effort to return or but quietly and without disturbance of good order. A cially those who have sedentary occupations, or who are
gentleman may read it in his house, orchard, or garden, All men should particularly attend to this subject, espethrough was equally unavailing. It is no wonder' merchant may also read it to himself privately. But the advancing in years." --Lancet.
thor's name has not yet transpired ; and he may, like Juni, or the “Great Unknown," choose to conceal it out of sheet modesty, which, like wit, is, you well know, inherent in corporate bodies.--I am, Gentlemen,
Your old friend, Liverpool
Dreams, dreams, all dreams! a bright fantastic cloud,
Gorgeous as is Italia's peerless sky,
Breathing of hope and immortality:
As Venus' train, the young and sportive Hours:
At eve, loud threats the storm, the welkin lours, And raven night comes leagued with black despair, And this is love :-betraying love, that still
Caress'd and shrined within the heart's recess,
Worshipp'd with woman's fond devotedness,
HUMBLE PETITION OF THE LIVERPOOL CORPORATION TO THE MUS CHESTER PROJECTORS OF THE GRAND BRIP-CASIL
Oh ye Lords of the loom
Pray avert our sad doom,
We do not complain
That you drink your CHAMPAIGN,
Sweet squires of the shuttle,
As ye guzzle and guttle,
Your great ship canal
Will produce a cabal,
Your sea scheme abandon
For rail-roads the land on;
Cut your throats if ye like,
But don't cut the dyke,
MANCHESTER SHIP CANAL
A SAILOR'S VALENTINE.
TO MAJOR WATKINS AND CO.
A NEW VALENTINE.
An honest Jack Tar, who was desperately in love with a rosy-faced, blue-eyed damsel (a servant in the house where he lodged) took the fancy, like his betters, to open a sonnet to his mistress's eyebrows." The following valentines were first written upon some leaves of his journal-book, now in our possession, and from which copies were forwarded to the fair maid, on superfine gilt-edged paper.
Whatever may be thought of Jack's musc, it is pretty clear that he was desperately in love, as the following lines testify.
A! we shall B outdone if the C is let in at the D.
I've a notion ; 'Tis like joining the lay of the thrush and the J. Our rail ry will soon make the project Dee K, When we've form'd the first L of our noble rail-was. Some cry, with an M, “chaff, cocks never catehes, “ Don't reckon your chickens before your N hatehes “0, Major, attend to your P's and your Q's; “ You R an A-double-S; your wine you abuse. “ Drink T, Sir; and U will soon find in V-raeity “None can W, X-Major, in mental capacity." Take physic, I prithee, and get yourself bled, And canals will no longer run in your Y Z
I'm yours, to command,
Most respectfully, g.
SONNET TO A CHILD.
On febury the 13 day my volintine when every one did chouse is love my choise it fel on you As shour ans graps grose on the vine Idrow the for my volintine the Lots wheir cast and I them drew and forten granted to be you theirfore Dou me rspect my volintine you will exept but if you do me Disdane return my volintine again As for complements I could nier youse but you my ofers did refuse pray for my boldness me exquse thes harts of Love to you i send to Let you know my Love is trew and that to none but you my Dearst Dear and best Devine I choust you for my volintine I chous you from A mongst the rest the reson was I loved you best My Dearst Dear and harts Devine I picteard hear your hart and mine and when these harts I picteard hear I thot on you Dearst Dear for krul qubt whith is Dart hath deply wounded my tender hart my hart Doeth hever feel the pain for whith is Dart he Split it right in twen for I can niver be at hese til har two harts are goint lik these for if you Do my Love disden ther is nothing but Deth therfor pale Deth must stand my frind and bring my sors to A nend
(From an interesting volume of Sonnets, de jui paistal
D. L. Richardson)
The vessel cleft the rapid tide,
That seemed to chide her way;
With a cold and feeble ray.
With haughty fearless mien;
of the shore, so lately seen.
To leave his native shore;
Whose face he might see no more.
Unconcious that her child
The shores of a deadly wild.
His heart was kind and free;
Before he crossed the sea.
Though open as the day,
Pursued his lonely way.
And bade a long adieu.
of a brother so faithful and true. Liverpool, Jan. 16, 1825.
THE PORT OF LIVERPOOL !!
TO THE EDITOR. SIR, I have just heard, but I do not pledge myself to the fact, that the Manchester humbug, as you have taken the liberty to designate it, has produced dreadful consternation amongst the members of our Corporation. Some go so far as to assert that we shall have no more Mayor's dinners, as it would ill become the chief magistrate to be wasting his turtle and champaign at a moment when Liver. pool is threatened with utter ruin.. It is added, that the Manchester Canal shareholders are to have a grand dinner next week, in anticipation of the certain success of their scheme; and that it has been resolved that a deputation shall visit Manchesteron the sameday, in order, if permitted, to presenta humble petition to the aforesaid shareholders, entreating them to pause in their ruinous career, and to avert the annihilation of the commerce of our good olá town. The Corporation, it is added, being fully aware of the effects of a good dinner in producing good humour, have directed their deputation not to seek an audience until the cloth is drawn, and the bottle has circulated freely. The name of the spokesman of the deputation has been whispered to me; but I replied pShaw! it cannot be. My informant, however, declares that the worthy Alderman has been lately observed rehearsing the address before a large mirror. However, as I said before, I do not attach much credit to the report. I am so much pressed for time, that I must conclude with calling your attention to the petition, of which I susjoin a copy. The au
IMPROMPTU, In answer to a dull fat fellow, who expressed his wonder way
the playwright and poet, was so slender.
If our friend's rather lead,
The true reason I ween
Live, like bim, on your wits,
And with such scanty bits
You, too, my fat friend, will be sking. Liverpool
THE GOLDEN AGE.
Had I the powerful hand, the glowing fire, Thich waked the notes of PixDar's tuneful lyre, Not the unblushing bard of modern days, bo mingled nettles with his verdant bays; Tho, by an alias to a spurious name, Ibtained the plaudit of ephemeral fame; Those Muse, though skill'd to charm with soothing strain, reathed satire, calumny, and wit profane: at him, the Theban bard of olden time, 'hose lofty song still lives and flows sublime:) hen would I, fearless, strike the sounding string, DI heath-clad hills, green woods, and valleys ringi ill Dover cliff re-echo back the song, ad Kilda's lonely shores the notes prolong, "hile every rank and age should lean to hear 3 song of triumph hail the Jubilee year. It may not be. In polish'd verse to shine, ith fervid thought, and smoothly.flowing line, be mase denies; but still I must impart De tide of gladness rushing round my heart; od though the strain may falter on my tongue, The GOLDEN Aos shall not remain unsung.
Erewhile, Britannia saw a cloud arise, Which spreading wider, overcast the skies, portentous omen of the gathering flood, keep drenching Europe in a shower of blood; IF overturn'd the altar and the thrones sard Carnage yelling in exulting tone; held Bellona's dreadful flag unfurled, mfusion striding o'er a wondering world Odaunted still, she fortune's minion saw er prostrate nations fulminate his law; nd though she reign'd still Empress of the Seas, e lag triumphant floating in the breeze, et sigt’à in secret, as her sons complain'd, heir commerce fettered and their coffers draln'd. last, when Fate, relentless, struck the blow, id Britain stoop'd to crush her fallen foe,
menials proud to vent their bitter rage, id tease the fangless lion in his cage; ben fourish'd fair the olive branch of peace, itannia hoped her sorrows then would cease: it, ah! the arm of Vengeance was not staid, estine sickness on her vitals preyed;. r bankrupt merchants made the ruin spread, r starving children cried aloud for bread; aile d'er her fruitful plains the farmer sigh'd, id eursd the plenty that his fields supplied ;
Discontent and Radicals arose, reboding danger from domestic foes. Ideepest gloom o'ershades the starless sky, 1 darkest lowers when morning light is nigh: as Britain sees the boding tempest past, L, joyous, hails her GOLDEN AGE at last. Pes; Amalthea, from her bounteous horn, Is gifts, more precious far than oil and corn; gold exhaustless, from her liberal hand Bee, profusely scattered o'er the land; mbryo hatch'd within the womb of Time,
El Dorado bursts on Scotia's clime! se patient fools, the Alchymists of old, ed o'er the crucible, in search of gold; we, & spell, a talisman have found, ch can create it from the clods around, DIST STOCK COMPANIES there dwells a charm, agic key, turn'd by a giant's arm; ** Open Sesame!" at whose command Iron gates of Plutus must expand. fairy landscapes all around us rise,
whereso'er we turn our raptured eyes, ag, an endless vista lies before, se teening soll swells rich in golden ore: -e, beneath, around, and everywhere, and, in water, in the fire, the air,
element in Nature's wide domain, bines to bring the GOLDEN AGE again. hief on thee, “my own romantic town,"
Fortune pour her precious treasures down; ir most worthy of her special grace, Arst to start-still foremost in the chase. all thy schemes already hatch d, were vain, rooding still in thy prolific brain; ' ell projected, and so wisely plann'd, rever Fortune deigns to stretch her hand, ever tight the bandage on her eyes, a cannot fail to catch a prize.
He on an air-blown bubble seem'd reclined,
to give up their assumed right of detaining Christians in While South Sea spirits crowded close behind:
slavery. Disturbances continued in the West India Isands, Malignant imps, an artful, restless crew,
partial revolts of the slaves, and Mr. Smith, the missionary, Hov'ring in air, they round their master flew;
tried, convicted, and subsequently pardoned, for not disAnd though their looks were languid and forlorn,
closing certain proceedings of the natives. Continued Methought each lip betray'd the smile of scorn;
success of the Greeks and South Americans. The ChanAnd I in whispers heard, “Dupes - dreaming fools- cellor of the Exchequer announced in the House of Com. Illusive shadows-Speculation's tools!"
mons the payment of two millions and a half sterling in When thus the shemer Law, " The cycle's run,
reduction of the debt due from Austria, and appropriated The era I have long'd to see's begun;
£60,000 of the sum to the purchase, &c. of the Angerstein Before them let still brighter visions pass,
collection of pictures, £300,000 for repairing Windsor CasAnd figures magnified in Folly's glass;
le, and £500,000 for building new churches. Reductions For though Edina's to my bosoin dear,
made by parliament in the rum, coals, and foreign wool My native city, yet she would not hear:
duties. A commission appointed to inquire into the cause But time will come”-a parting glance de cast;
of delays in the Court of Chancery. Parliamentary reguAnd in to viewless air the melting shadows pass'd.
lations for ameliorating the condition of slaves in the West Indies, the slave trade made piracy, and a Church of Eng.
land Episcopal Establishment ordered for the West India BACCHANALIAN SONG.
Islands. An association formed for draining the bogs in FROM MOORE'S MELODIES
Ireland to the extent of three millions of acres. Death of
Mr. Smith, the missionary. (To the tune of Paddy Snap.)
MARCH AND APRIL.–The alien bill continued for
two years. Mr. Abercrombie's complaint against the Lord Quick! we have but a second,
Chancellor. The state of Europe, foreign and domestie, Fill round the cup while you may;
not altered since the preceding month. The Greeks and For Time, the churl, hath beckond,
South Americans proceeding successfully, the West Indies And we must away, away!
in statu quo, and the French arms used actively for the Grasp the pleasure that's flying,
support of the order of things under Ferdinand, in Spain. For, oh! not Orpheus' strain
Death of Lord Byron in Greece. Patrick Conolly, a surCould keep sweet hours from dying,
geon, transported for life, for manslaughter. Foundation Or charm them to life again
laid of New London Bridge. Then, quick! we have but a second,
MAX:- The King of Portugal fled for refuge on board Fill round, fill round, while you may;
a British ship of war in the Tagus, from an insurrection For Time, the churl, hath beckon'd,
raised against him by his wife and son. Grand rowing And we must away, away!
match, in sixteen hours, from Oxford to London (by wa. See the glass, how it flashes,
ter, 118 miles.) Arrival of the King and Queen of the
Sandwich Islands. Mr. Harris killed by a fall from a
balloon. Dismissal of Mr. Battier from the Tenth HusThat thou shouldst delay to sip.
sars for fighting a duel with the Colonel; the Marquis of Shame, oh shame unto thee,
Londonderry reprimanded. Defeat and death of the go. If ever thou see'st that day,
vernor of Sierra Leone (Sir C M.Carthy) by the Ashantees. When a cup or lip shall woo thee,
Committee of the House of Commons recommends the And turn untouch'd away!
abolition of the combination laws. Petitions praying the Then, quick! we have but a second,
recognition of the independence of Colombia. Reversal Fill round, fill round, while you may ;
of the attainder of the Scottish Lords and the Earl of Staf. For Time, the churl, hath beckon'd,
ford. M. Chateaubriand dismissed from the French Ca. And we must away, away!
binet. Revolutionary movement in Portugal by the Infant Don Miguel.
JUNE.-Prorogation of parliament. Resolution of the Ubronology.
Bank of England to lend money on government securities
and bank stock. War between the East India Company RETROSPECT FOR THE PAST YEAR.
and the Burmese. Foreign affairs elsewhere pretty much
as usual. Conclusion of the war with Algiers. Defeat of A summary of the events of the past year, provided it the Ashantees. New successes in Greece and South Amebe given with the brevity of an almanack, is always useful rica, under Odysseus and Bolivar, as a table of reference. It furnishes the materials from JULY.-Death of the King and Queen of the Sandwich which history is to be composed—its use is to register Islands, of inflammatory colds. events merely, to take “ all that comes,” to use the words AUGUST.-Mr. Canning's private visit to Dublin.of Lord Bacon's biographer, “to heap rather than to Cessation of the disturbances in the West Indies. More choose," and therein it differs from the true province of victories in Greece and Peru. Death of Louis XVIJI. the historian, who has to select, collate, and digest. Our
SEPTEMBER.–Abolition of the censorship on the press. present business is to give the journal of the world as we Charles X. proclaimed King. Edict of the Emperor find it, avoiding those minor and unimportant details Alexander against the Jews. Death of Major Cartwright which would incumber and confuse, rather than help
the Mr. Sadler killed from a fall out of a balloon. The East memory to any useful recollection or valid conclusion. India Company's notice for April, 1825, for reducing the
In the month of JANUARY, General Mina arrived at interest on their bonds from three and a half to three per Plymouth from Spain, together with several other Spanish cent. The Irish Catholics subscribe what they deno. officers, who had succeeded in escaping from the pursuit minate a rent, as a fund for the redress of grievances. of King Ferdinand of Spain, after an unsuccessful attempt Contests between the Spanish Constitutionalists and the to establish a popular constitution in that country, in defi- Royalists and French, and defeat of the former near Gibance of the opposing intervention of the French arms. raltar. Blockade and capture of Pernambuco, by Lord The first instalment of £200,000 was paid into the British Cochrane. treasury, on account of the Austrian loan. The planters OCTOBER.-Return of the Griper, discovery ship. Inin the West India Islands discontented, on account of creasing prosperity of the new Governments of Greece, certain suggested alterations in the condition of their Colombia, and Mexico; capture and execution of Iturbide, slaves. The Castle of Corinth taken, and opening suc- who arrived in the territory of the latter to counter-recesses of the Greeks. Lord Byron arrived in Greece, and volutionize the country: advanced 20,000 dollars to the Greek cause. New Tariff NOVEMBER.Foreign and domestic affairs, politically, of the Republic of Colombia promulgated, for the regula- in statu quo. Severe storms at sea, and on the coast in tion of foreign duties. John Thurtell hanged for the various parts of Europe ; losses immense by shipwreck murder of Wm. Weare, and Hunt respited and transported. and other damage. The breakwater at Plymouth, and An increase on the preceding quarter's revenue of £262,849. St. Petersburgh, severely damaged by the sea and inunDeath of King Victor Emanuel of Sardinia. Declaration dations. Mr. Fauntleroy, a London banker, executed for of the President of the United States of America. Signal forgery. Dreadful fire at Edinburgh. defeats of the Royalists in Peru. Lord Cochrane created
DECEMBER.–Animated discussions amongst the Irish Marquis of Maranham; and Monte Video taken by the Catholics, increase of the amount of their rent. Ar. Brazilians.
rest of Mr. O'Connell, for seditious expressions imputed FEBRUARY. The British parliament opened for the to him in a speech delivered before the Catholic AssociaSession, by commission, his Majesty not being able to tion. Nothing new in our foreign relations. Meetings attend io person, on account of illness. A statement of for the relief of the foreign refugees. the year's revenue, stating a surplus of £6,000,000. War It will be seen with satisfaction, from the leading fea. declared against Algiers, that government having refused 'tures of this chronology, that all these essential matters,
bus far I kung—when, lo! methought I saw hovering ghost of Mississippi LAW;
in which, as Englishman, we must feel interested, are in Property of Public Lectures.-A case of some interest Adventures of a Pound of Cotton. The following his progressive advance throughout the world. Our commerce lately came before the Lord Chancellor. A periodical tory of a pound weight of manufactured cotton will show is not only flourishing at home, but the new principles work on medical subjects, entitled the Lancet, had been the importance of the trade to the country in a very como of natural sense and justice on which alone it can have a accustomed to publish Sir Astley Cooper's lectures as they spicuous manner :- The wool came from the East Indies sure basis, are beginning to be adopted by other nations. were delivered, and was proceeding in tlre same course with to London ; from London it went to Lancashire, where Our principles of national liberty are equally gaining respect to the lectures of Mr. Abernethy, the highly. was manufactured into yarn; from Manchester
" ite ta ground in distant hemispheres. South America triumphs talented Mr. Abernethy, as the, no doubt, equally highly- sent to Paisley, where it was woven; it was dext ser under their banners, and Greece is advancing thein upon talented Solicitor-General styled him. We believe that to Ayresbire, where it was tamboured ; afterwards it sy the ruins of the Ottoman tyranny in Europe. Our manu- Sir Astley Cooper was not content with the practice of the conveyed to Dumbarton, where it was hand-sewed, and factures are equally flourishing, and whenever the wounds editor of the Lancet : however, as there might appear to again returned to Paisley, whence it was sent to a distan of Ireland can be healed, our domestic peace will be as be as much sweet as bitter in it, he swallowed both. Mr. part of the county of Renfrew to be bleached, and was universal as our foreign successes have been glorious. Abernethy will swallow neither. He therefore applied to turned to Paisley, whence it was sent to Glasgow, and tal
the Court of Chancery, for an “injunction" to stay the tinished ; and from Glasgow was sent by coach to Lorde
editors of the Lancet from publishing his lectures. The It is difficult to ascertain, precisely, the time taken to line Hiscellanies.
matter ended in a temporary compromise, by which the this article to market ; but it may be pretty near the trend number actually in the press might be allowed to appear, to reckon it three years, from the time it was packed in l.
and the future publication be suspended till the cause dia, until, in cloth, it arrived at the merchant's wardrobe, An Extraordinary Instance of Longevity is contained should be argued. It was easy, however, to see that the in London, whither it must have been conveyed at kas in a leiter dated the 29ih of January, 1724, frem M. Lord Chancellor's opinion was decidedly hostile to the 10,000 miles by sea, and 920 by land, and certsituled se Hamelbranix, the Dutch envoy at Vienna, to their high publication. The case, as acutely stated by his Lordship, reward no less than 159 people, whose services were reis mightinesses the States-general, and published in a Dutch is totally different from those in which reports of courts of sary in the carriage and manufacture of this mall ques. dictionary, * Het Algemeen historiseh, geographisch en justice or police offices are concerned. The proceedings of tity of cotton, and by which the value has been stocad genealogisch Woordenbock,” by Luiscius. It relates to the latter are publici juris; the officers presiding are the two thousand per cent. an individual who had attained the extraordinary age of public servants, and they must act openly; and the public, one hundred and eighty-five years.—"Czartan Petrarch, without the payment of any admission fee, have a right to
The Navy.—The arerage mortality of the day, apg by religion a Greck, was born in the year 1539, ard died know how they speak and act; or, otherwise British sub- the Edinburgh Revicz, during the three years of the lite on the 5th of January, 1724, at Kofrosch, a village four jects would fall into total ignorance of the practice of the war, was 1 in 30.29. More than a half of this number miles from Temeswar, on the road leading to Karansebes. law. The case before the Court was thus stated by his died of diseasc. We are informed, that in sesera! He had lived, therefore, a hundred and eiglity-five years. Lordship:- It is, whether a party attending lectures in trades of the metropolis, the members of which, bie At the time when the Turks took Temeswar from the any branch of philosophy or learning, for his own informa. sailors, are between the ages of 16 and 60, the after Christians, he was employed in keeping his father's cattle. tion, is at liberty to publish the lectures for his own ad- mortality is greater than among seamen ; shoxing A few days before his death he had walked with the help vantage." It is evident, if this be an accurate statement with all the accidents to which they are liable, the chance of a stick, to the post-house at Kofrosch, to ask charity of the case, that the mental improvement derived by hear- of life are in favour of the latter. from the travellers. His eyes were much influmcd, but ing, is all that is paid for: the professor has not conveyed he still enjoyed a little sight. His hair and beard were of away his right to the profit to be derived from publication. rage for mining companies has gained such an ascendere
Mines in South America.-In these times, whad a greenish white colour, like mouldy bread; and he had a few of his teeth remaining. His son, who was ninety
Parasols.—The Emperor of Austria has granted to three it may not be unacceptable to our readers to be interesa seven years of age, declared his father had once been the manufacturers at Vietina the exclusive privilege, for five that according to the computation of the Spanish wrina head taller; that at a great age he married for the third years, of fabricating a new species of parasol of their in. Moncada, Navarette, and Ustariz, confirmed by He time; and that he was born in this last marriage. He vention. The form of these parasols is singular, but the traveller, Spain received from her late possamost was accustomed, agreeably to the rules of his religion, to handsomer than that of the common perasols. When South America, during the 248 years that succeedelse observe tast days with great strictness, and never to use open, they have the appearance of an arch; when closed, conquest, up to 1740, 9000 millions of piastres, any other food than milk, and certain cakes, called by the that of a lyre. They may be taken to pieces, and packed about £1,537,500,000 sterling. The mines of Pets Hungarians kollatschen, together with a good glass of up in a work-box. The same persons have obtained a Peru, alone produced, during the 900 years of the brandy, such as is made in the country. He had de- similar privilege for the fabrication of all kinds of cover. worked, £395,619,000 piastres, or about 46,44 scendants in the fifth generation, with whom he some ings for parasols, whether of coiton, silk, wool, leather, sterling-a prodigious extraction, when we cursidad tinez sported, carrying them in his arms. His son, though or paper. Some of their parasols are splendidly orna- metallurgy in these countries has hitherto becoten ninety-seven, was still fresh and vigorous. When field. mented with paintings and embroidery. Lit. Gazelte. not according to the principles and rules of art, but marshal Count Wallis, the commandant of Temeswar, In New South Wales, from the mildness of the season blind usage.
cording to the adoption and practice of an ancient heard that this old man was taken sick, he caused a por. and the dryness of the soil, sheep require but little protectrait of him to be painted, and when it was almost finished tion, and artiscial treatment is unnecessary. With these Russiun Chain-bridge.-A chain-bridge, the fine he expired.
natural advanta_es, therefore, together with the protection the kind in Russia, is about to be constructed mer Negociations for the Recovery of Stolen Property. It of British institutions, and the influence of capital, it is canal of Moika. It will be executed after the design is generally known that negociations are not unfrequently not iadulging in too sanguine an anticipation to look for- Colond Dufour, of Geneva, who has sent to Sul entered into with thieves, in the metropolis, for the reward to the time when our manufacturers will derive their burgh a beautiful model of that which he erected covery of stolen property, and that large sums have been chief supplies of fine wool from an English colony, at a own country last year. paid by way of compensation to the negociators. This lower price than that at which they can now be imported
Important to Apothecarics.--An action was latelyt practice, which was a capital felony in the time of George from countries where the severity of the winter renders 1. has been reduced to a transportable offence, by an act artificial treatment necessary, and increases the cost of in the Court of Common Pleas to recover from
fendant £11 11s. for medicines supplied by the plan of his present Majesty. Only one conviction ever took production.
an apothecary in London ; but failing to prove to place under either stature: bui a remarkable instance of Pedestrianism.-Townsend, the walking phenomenon, had practised as an apothecary previous to the past an attempt at negociation was lately brought to light.- has just achieved a most marvellous performance. This the Act in August 1815, or that he was regularly and Messrs Charlesworth and Co. silkien, London, were, in man, who undertook to walk from this town to Bridge the plaintiff was nonsuited. He then wished to October last, robbed of a large quantity of goods. Mr. water (twelve miles) three times each succeeding day, the value of the phials, but the Lord Chief Justice the Lidbetter, a tavern-keeper, in Ludgate-hill, offered to ne seventy-two miles altogether, but who was impeded by the that as this Act did not allow him to practise as an gociate with certain characters whoin he knew, and re: late desperate and unprecedented state of the weather, and cary, he could not recover for them. ceived £30 to pay the thieves. He, however, failed, and was in consequence compelled to relinquish the underhe was suminoned before the Magistrates, and committed taking, has now actually succeeded in accomplishing his Ornithology.-During the severe gales sbick for trial for the attempt. He was tried at the Old Bai, most extraordinary attenipt. He commenced on dionday lately in the Downs, a small bird, called by natr. key, when the Jury retired for twenty-five minutes, and morning, the 6th instant, and persevered on every suc Stormy Peterel, nick-named by seamen Mein on their return the foreman rose, and said, “We find ceeding day in walking the distance, in spite of the wind Chickens, was picked up alive, on the shore neur the prisoner guilty, but we beg leave most strongly to re. and weather, which were much against him, and inally castle, by a servant belonging to Mr. Brooke, commend him to mercy, on account of his previous good performed all his journeys, amounting in the whole to 432 house. Only three of these species are said by Bar. character.” We recollect some time ago, when extensive miles, in six days. His departure from Bridgewater, and have been found in this country, and these nuk robberies of bank-notes occurred, that a dashing indi. arrival at North Petherton, and return to this town on They swarm in stormy weather in the Atlantic, and a vidual was conspicuously engaged in the same practice; Saturday night last, a little before 12 o'clock, was hailed the ships with a doleful screach on the
gathering of a and it does not occur to us that any prosecution took place. by and accompaniment of drums and other noisy instruJolen Paul Jones.-A New York paper of late date says, Taunton Courier. ments, seconded by the vociferations of the populace.- The following is a melancholy and singular isso
the bad eflects produced by chastising children to “ A letter addressed to this distinguished hero was acciden. tally discovered in a baker's shop in this city, a few days New way of getting rid of superfluous wealth.-On the beaten by her mother, threatened to put a peried to
verely:-A few days ago, a girl, who had been sen since, which induced the examination of several chests of 29th October, Captain Parker was matelied against James existence, that her mother might never have an e old manuscripts, when upwards of 700 papers were found, Metcalf, the celebrated runner, to run at Doncaster one nity of beating her in so cruel a manner; which terena such as drafts of his official communications, and letters to mile, for 1000 sovereigns, the former receiving 40 yards. 100 fatally occomplished. In the absence of her i the most distinguished persons of the age, and their letters Metcalf won with the greatest ease. The Captain, how- from his workshop, she went in, unobserved, and tu to him, froin ihe year 1775 to 1783. Many are in the ever, was not willing to be beaten, and, thinking if the herself with a hank of yarn.-fije Ilerald. hand-writing of Franklin, Hancock, La Fayette, and distance were shorter he would win, another match for John Adams, which proves, beyond doubt, their authen 1000 sovereigns was made, to run a quarter of 2 mile, he Curious Circumstance.-Abull, which weighs tree ticity. We understand that the gentleman, whose perse- receiving 25 yards. The match took place accordingly. 15,000lb. has been discovered at the depth of so fest
, verance recovered them from destined destruction, has Metcalf again got a-head, and kept his ground with ease, valley of Mount Jura. It is imagined that a come handed them to the author of the Pilot, with a view to the eying the Captain behind him occasionally, until he won church has been ingulfed at that place. Nothing but publication of a part, by Mr. Wiley." the match by about 10 or 12 yards.
bell has yet been met with. The search continues
TO TIE EDITOR.
Scientific Records. dhe mall port of Ascoli, an iron chest, three feet and a of a wife to dower, asserts, that if land abide in the busa (Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improveif long. On opening it they found a long head of hair, band for a single moment, the wife shall be endowed
ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, singauntlet, and a few pieces of an ancient sabre. It is thereof; and he adds in a note, that this doctrine was ex.
gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phiought that these spoils must have belonged to some tended very far by a jury in Wales, where the father and
losophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical alician or Scandinavian dwarf. Those nations, in fact, son were both hanged in one cart; but the son was sup
Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History; sed to enclose, in iron or steel chests, the hair or arms of posed to have survived the father, by appearing to struggle
Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.; List of Patents;Farrior, killed in battle, and throw them into the sea. the longest, whereby he became seised of an estate by sur
to be continued in a series through the Volume. was an honour reserved to their first generals.- News vivorship; in consequence of which seisin his widow ob. Literature. tained a verdict for her dower.
MECHANICAL PARADOX. A singular instance of imprisonment was brought to ht by the Society for relieving small debtors. A well.
The Lider. haved woman had been imprisoned for some triling
Sir, It is very astonishing that one mathematictan 1. Wben the creditor was spoken with on the subject,
should attempt to bring into disrepute the productions of expressed his astonishment at her being in prison,
another by mere assertion. Such an attempt has been made he had given his consent to her liberation on the day
again and again by your correspondent A. B. T. though perer she was taken into custody. On farther inquiry, it
fectly aware that assertion is not proof, and that this would peared that the daughter of the poor woman had inter
be equally obvious to the most ignorant of his readers. ited the order for her getting out, and had for eight
A. B. T. mentions that the results (I suppose those results nthis paid the gaol aliment. This unnatural conduct,
which I endeavoured to conôrm in my letter of the 24th ult.) keeded from the girl's desire to be freed from the re
are tutally repugnant to the known laws of mechanics, and aint which her mother's presence would have laid on
adds, that the manner in which the lever is supposed to act vices.-Glasgow Chronicle.
is also erroneous, though at the same time he confesses that
che true explanation is not quite obvious, and will require We understand that Sir William Congreve is returned In pursuing our plan of recording under this head any some illustration. om his tour to the Continent, where he has, for the last brief notices of the good old town," which may be These are certainly unqualified assertions, and I do mainree months, been engaged in the fornuation of a com- pointed out to us, we have copied the following, at the tain that they are as untrue as they are unqualified. He pre principal eities of the Continent with gas, under the suggestion of an intelligent friend in Yorkshire, from the tends to be very enlightened as to the variations in the ction of their respective governments. We hear that *Compleat History of the Rebellion (1745-6) by Mr. power of steam, during the motion of the piston, and gives angements have been made for this purpose with Russia, James Ray, of Whitehaven, Volunteer under his Royal what he has said we must forsooth take for granted. But eden, Prussia, Hanover, and many of the principal Highness the Duke of Cumberland.” After describing in matters of science and philosophy, which admit of demonms in the Netherlands. Sir Wm. Curtis and Messrs. the adherence of the inhabitants of Liverpool, to the then stration, or may be put to the test of experiment, we cannot poner and Attwood are the bankers for this immense monarch ; their raising the regiment called the Liverpool rest satistied with a mere dictum, and still less when accomdertaking, wbich has been received with the greatest
by an of indistinctness or klation in every place where Sir Wm. Congreve has Blues; their preparations to receive the rebel army, when turity of conception. In my judgment, he has yet made no sented himself, during his absence from England.- expected to approach this town from Wigan, &c. &c.; the progress towards the establishment of his views. The few waing paper. writer thus proceeds to describe the town itself:
formulæ which he has published, and to which he seems to I great grand-daughter of Daniel Defoe, the immor- Liverpool, or Lirpool, is not a very ancient town, but is have attached so much importance, are not in the least calauthor of Robinson Crusoe, and many other cele. very neat and populous, the people very polite, courteous, culated to aid him in the dispute: they, in fact, have nothing tel works, now lives in the metropolis, and is in pe- and well bred." It has three large churches, that called to do with it, nor are of any value, but in the most simple tiary distress, at the advanced age of sixty-seven. St. George's is a very curious picee of modern architec- case imaginable; that is, when the carriage moves with an
uniform velocity, as I before observed.
The results in Mr. Silvester's Report are fairly derived from the son of a butcher in St. Martin's parish. In 1702 and adjacent country, and towards the sea a mostanter: the established laws of motion, and how he has derived them foe's life was eventful, and of great public utility; he ture; frem the top of which you have a view of the town was unjustly convicted of a libel, when the High able prospect of the ships in the road and harbour : there
must be manifest to every man of science; but to the tyro rech party were inclined to persecute the Dissenters; is, likewise, two large Presbyterian meeting-houscs, one
and general reader I thought some illustration might be kas sentenced to fine, imprisonment, and the pillory Quaker's, and
one Baptist's house, all which live in per: necessary, which I ventured to supply; and in this investiPliory. Defoe was liberated before the expiration of imitated. There was, at the time of the Rebellion, a sation I was so fully satisfied of the truth of those results that confinement, through the influence of the Earl of Ox: large Mass house, which the mob could not be restrained I still believe them to lie incontrovertible.
I admit the force of the piston may not be uniform, be. He died in 1731, in the parish of St. Giles's, from pulling down. At the head or extremity of four
cause the quantum of steam generated depends upon the pplegate, leaving behind him a widow and several streets, which are clean and well paved, stands the Ex: intensity of the heat, which it would be difficult
, ir not ima dren, in indigent circumstances.
change, where froin eleven to one o'clock, every day, mer; possible, to keep always the same; but that force, at each
chants and masters of ships meet for business ; over which stroke Jf the piston, is spoken of, and reasoned upon, as if Low to direct Bulloons. A letter from Naples states, is the Ilall, where the Mayor and Aldermen meet, to re
constant, and eonpared to the pressure of a given weight. an attempt to direct an air-balloon by means of a gulate the affairs of the Corporation. It is the most flou: It is, therefore, reaning too much to dwell upon trifiing vle of large tame eagles, had been successfully made rishing seaport town in these parts, and it may be justly anomalies that may occur in practice; for all our calculations, but city. The birds had previously undergone the said to vie with the city
, the second port in concerning the effects of muchinery, ought to be considered the directors of the experiment.- London papers.-- within these forty years past, and though the town is said because of the irregularities or imperfections in the construeproject has often been suggested; but if the Ameri- to be above three times as large as it was in the
beginning tion or working of machines, which cannot always be obbave really brought it to bear, they are entitled to of the late King James's reign, yet they continue still to viated, however apparent. But these approximations save 1 merit than the mere hypothetical projector.-Edil. build considerably, being well provided with clay for a vast deal of time and labour to the engineer, and should be
making brick, of which there are many stately houses preliminary to every undertaking. Through the neglect of
built. "The inhabitants are mostly merchants, who drive them much unnecessary expense has often been incurred. invert a Glass of Water without spilling: -Place a
a large trade, with great success and large stocks, to all yours, &c. upon a wine glass filled with water, that is, com the northern parts of the world, viz. Hamburgh, Norway, Liverpool, February 8, 1825. ly Alled; then invert the glass, and the water will not and the Baltic; to the Britis' colonies in America; to se; the pressure of the exterior atmosphere being Guinea, Ireland, France, Spain, Portugal, and Italy; so cient to support the card in its position.--Economist.
that there is no trade but that of Turkey, Greenland, and hilosophy v. Thcology. The ancient fathers com
the East Indies, in which they are not concerned. As it im. SIR,-Having attended to much of the correspondence on red heavily of the sect of Aristotle : and it is almost a ports alimost all kinds of foreign goods
, it has consequently the rail-roads with quite an impartial and disinterested vieur, on the other side, it is also as certain that theology is with Bristols for as Dristor trades chiefly to the south and of the plans suggested would be the best test for deciding I never justly settle their limits, did not the balance of way west, this town hath all the trade of the east and forward a point that claimed my attention above twenty arity, which is always interested on the side of the has the
trade of South Wales, and the south-west
counties correspondents, 4. B. T., A B C', or others, could favour us
north shores, from Dublin to Londonderry. As Bristol years ago. I should, therefore, feel greatly obliged if your er, make the regulation.-Bayle.
in England, and some north of it as high as Bridgnorth with solving a few questions on the principal movement enck Promises. The Queen Marie Antoinette said and Shrewsbury: Liverpool has North Wales, and all which I suppose will be used in the locomotive engines, de Breteuil, " Baron, I have a favour to ask of you.” the northern counties in England, besides, what goods it for the propelling of the carriages with goods ; I allude to the dame, he replied, if the thing be possible, it is sends to Cheshire and Staffordshire, by the new naviga- revolutions of the crank. Jy done; it impossible, it shall be done."
tion of the rivers Mersey, Weaver, and Dane. This port Now, admitting that the end of the beam of the engine,
has wet docks, in which, by the help of food-gates, ships which gives motion to the crank, is at its highest point, and Arkwright, who purchased the Marquis of Or- of the largest burthen may ride afloat when the tide is that the connecting-rod and crank will be in a perpendicular le's park and mansion, for two hundred and seven-out: I likewise saw them this summier making a dry line over the centre of the axis of the crank, and can rise no thousand pounds, already possesses landed estates of dock, into which they carry ships of large burthen, and higher--therefore, the beam in that place cannot give the ya similar description, for which the wealthy pro- keep them dry at high water.' Here they have brought crank any more motion until it falls to a distance that will or has given upwards of three hundred thousand the delf and earthenware to very great perfection, with give it power over the wheels; and when the beam is on a ds. Mr. Arkwright and Sir Robert Peel are supposed which they drive a considerable trade. Their delf ware perfect level, the crank will be so likewise, and then the the richest commoners in England. very much resembles china.
greatest puwer of the engine is acting on the crank and
C. C. E.
TO THE EDITOR.