Sidor som bilder

ing hills.


The marine formation to which the mass of sand belongs

. Present order of things, and the fossile remains contained deal of trouble, being obliged to jump out, into the more of which we have just been speaking, is not the last pro. in it; belong to animals or vegetables still living in our and lift our barge over the stones. While we were the duction upon our soil . A bed of terrain lacustre, in some districts

, or to such as are known to have lived there. I busy, a man from the back, all in a moment, pluore places very thick, in others exceedingly thin, is placed incloses

, also, works formed by the hand of man, as, for headlong into the river, and advanced towards we will almost every where above it, particularly upon the great instance, the boat, in the

form of a canoe, found in the could not conceive what he meant, til, on coming up tom elevations. This deposition proves incontestably the exist. island of Cygnes, by the workmen who were digging the he offered his service, which we accepted, and by mouse ence of an immense lake of sweet water, by which it must foundations of the bridge des Invalides.

we were much benefited. From this place, after som have been deposited. It is often found in the valleys, but The dangerous effluvia, which proceed from the last- hard work, we got clear off, and soon reached the Best it is there covered by the alluvial soil. There are no layers mentioned layers of alluvion, when they are stirred for the mielaw Bridge, under which we passed with much lies i of this kind upon the sunmit of Montmartre, or upon first time, may be attributed to the remains of organized convenience than we expected. Having now arrived at that of the Butte d'Orgemont, whether it be that these bodies contained in them, not yet entirely decomposed. place intended, we moored the vessel, after carrying see summits did not present a sufficiently broad surface to re

I hope, Madam, you will forgive the length of this let- ballast on board, and placed a man in her to grand se ceive sweet water deposition after the

retreat of the sea, or ter, in which I have confined myself to a necessarily dry stores, &c. till next morning: nor did we forget to site that the matter collected upon them has since been carried description of a succession of layers of soil, in consideration him, and the other who so much assisted us, a glas de away, as they are much lower than those of the neighbour of the importance attached to an accurate knowledge of aqua vilæ, to cheer their spirits.

their different natures. Who could observe with indifferShould ynu, Madam, experience some difficulty in sup.ence traces so perceptible of the revolutions which our posing the existence of collections of fresh water, suffi- country has experienced, and of the numerous generations,

Wednesday, June 4, early in the morning, we met ui ciently extensive to form depositions so considerable, re. of whose existence it has been the scene ? La légère couche Broomielaw, and put all things in order for sestudied member that there are now upon the globe lakes of much de vie, qui fleurit à la surface de la terre, ne couvre que des the rigging, unloosed the sails, &c. and mounted two tie greater magnitude. The North American lakes, Supe. ruincs. Beings who lived in the places now inhabited by vels and two brass cannons. Thus equipped, te vertel rior, Michigan, Huron, &c. have, in some parts, an us, trampled carelessly under foot ancient wrecks left by anchor, and set sail about half past four o'clock 1.6.extent nearly equal to the whole length of France, from the sea, when that sea suddenly returning swallowed them north-east, extremely faint-weather fine. Pasing ukang Dorth to south. If their waters had the property of depo- up in its abysses. We are placed in the same circum- we kept a look-out for birds on the shore, to abak siting a solid earth, they would leave beds of fresh water stances; have we not, therefore, reason to dread the same They appeared, however, to be either very startit es formation much more extensivc tban that mentioned fate? Can wretched man, the creature of yesterday, for a ping; for we could not see one within gun-shit

. The above. But neither these lakes, nor our present seas, moment forget to tremble upon that globe, ever ready to wind getting more steady, we glided away under tajia have this property. Since the revolution, which gave to destroy him, of which he dares to call himself the master? Here we observed a solitary crow upon the beach, in our continents their present appearance, nature seems, in Whence arises his security? Does he found it upon the of her morning food, which D. A. instantly shot. The general, in a state of feebleness and languor, that inca- history of a few generations of beings of his own species, run in shore and took her up. Not long after this weg pacitates her from forming new rocks, except in case of who have existed upon it, in the midst of disasters, during aground; but were soon off again. The wind blir the existence of certain circumstances, seldoın known to fifty or sixty centuries ? Does he contide in the feeble stronger, our progress was gradually quickened, concur. The fossilisation, therefore, of organized bodies banks, raised at the expense of much toil, to confine within made us promise to ourselves a speedy passage

. is no longer possible, since it consists of the incorporation certain bounds, the insignificant streams of water which he the misfortune to run once more aground at of the solid parts of those bodies with new inorganic pro- calls great rivers ? Does he trust in the small hillocks of owing to the narrowness of the river, and not knortit ductions, which preserve them in their interior, whilst earth, wherewith, during a short space of time, he prevents exact track to keep: however, after some exertia they decompose the other parts.

the sea from encroaching upon the sinall speck of land cleared ourselves; and, passing a gaubert soon after (briel The fresh water formation, of which we have just spoken, which he inhabits? Why does he not fear, that, in the for Broomielaw, but then waiting a'fair wind) ee is in general at the surface of our soil; but, in some midst of his pride, a slight concussion should restore to the gun, which brought a man upon deck, of whom places, it is covered by the alluvion. This name is given ocean the portion of the earth, temporarily abandoned by quired the course we should steer, which he pointed to the soil that has been transported by water, whether it it to his use, and that a part of its waters should swallow pretty distinctly, telling us to keep 'south and math has been held by it in suspension, or merely removed up his great cities, his powerful monarchies, his vast states, such and such buoys upon the river, by attending to from one place to another.

and efface even the remembrance of the monuments in directions we kept clear from any farther hindres Some of these soils cannot have been produced since the which his vanity exults ?

Having now'a steady bre we scudded rapidly present order of things was established; their formation

and in passing by Dunglass we fired our guns. Het is evidently anterior to the cause which produced that

The Traveller.

congratulated each other on having such good water order. Others, on the contrary, 'have been formed by

favourable wind at our first setting out rivers, and collections of fresh water, still existing upon

Now, as we were fast approaching Dumbarton

, se NARRATIVE OF AN EXCURSION TO LOCH LOMOND. the surface of the earth.

all things in order for saluting the castle, leading er of the soils found in the neighbourhood of Paris, we o We hope we shall not offend our Scotch tourist, by loud report: we also hoisted a flag at each toptbesla

, might may range in the first class, that of the plain of Nanterre at Chatou, that of the wood of Boulogne,

that of the forest obscrving that his journal, which we here present to our and spread all sails to the wind, in order to make of Saint-Germain, and the layers

of flint pebbles, depo- readers, is written in a very careless manner; and that he grandest appearance possible. As soon as we had sited at the bottom of our valleys. None of these can has by no means made the most of his subject. Our reason opposite to the south side of the castle, keeping presyo have been formed by the Seine, even during its greatest sion that the author is a very young man, and may mend ing broadsides in an instadt, whích, we could exal

for giving it a place at all in our columns, is the impres. it, we clapped matches to our guns, and gave it to the inundations. In these layers are found the bones of elephants, oxen,

in time, with a little encouragement. At present he dwells ceive, considerably astonished the garrison. We ha elks, &c. already mentioned above, and of which I shall too much upon trifles and commonplace incidents, which to expect a gun, at least, in return; but they, presently speak more at large. These remains show, that detract materially from the effect which ought to be pro- perhaps more honour paid us, hoisted a flag of friske

duced by sublime and romantic scenery. there was no less difference between the organized beings

We then endeavoured to weather round the rest

The journal, however, may gratify some of our readers, the castle, to'gain the entrance of the water LAE of our country at that time, and those existing in the preSent day, than between the ancient soil, and that now at therefore venture to publish it, « with all its imperfections Clyde) but the wind so much failed us, owing to the

to whom it may recal pleasing reminiscences; and we here that pure, unsullied stream Toses itself in the me the surface of the earth.

on its head.” This ancient alluvial soil is often found in places,

height and width of that truly formidable natural forces which, though now forming part of very considerable


that we were quite becalmed, and wete obliged to have hälls, must forinerly have been valleys. Such is the re. Tuesday, the 3d day of June, 1800, about nine o'clock course to our oars to pull round. We also saluted this markable deposition found in the forest of Bondy, when in the evening, we set off from Newhall," and rowed gently of the castle with a few guns. The wind having per cent

an excavation was made there for the passage of the canal down the Clyde, for the Broomielaw, intending to leave our influence upon our sails, we were gently watal de POureq; it contained bones of elephants, and large barge there for that night, so that we might proceed thence, Dumbarton harbour ; where, after firing a gun or £5** trunks of trees.

without loss of time, early next morning, being well aware put in. The recent alluvial soil, formed by smaller currents of of the difficulty in passing over the rubbish of Dr. P-'s

It was now about eight o'clock in the morning; water , is, in general , composed of a thinner substance . al-fated bridge,+ where, indeed, we experienced a good fortunately

, high, or about high-water, which to a It is observed in places, where it may very well be sup

accelerated our progress up the river. 'Here we took of

A short distance below Rutherglin Bridge. posed to have bern deposited since the existence of the

+ A very fine stone bridge, which was built at the foot of away. Salt Market-street, across the Clyde. When it was just late Dr. Porteus spent a considerable time, every day.

It was called Dr. P-s, bridge, from the fact that de • Farth formed at the bottom of lakes.

finished, a spate, or swelling of the river, carried it entirely looking after it whilst bullding.



od a pilot, to guide us up to Loch Lomond, as the na- opened to our view; mountains above mountains appeared occurred to Bensley that a moderate draught, taken in ition of the water Leven is, in many places, shallow innumerable, and we could not help again congratulating time, might give him firmness ; and thereupon-still reuneven ; and two of our party went up to the town of one another upon our nigh approach to this grand object to his aid. "Boy,” (calling) " Mark me!" (repeating) mbarton, to purchase some few necessaries. Being all of our voyage. Having no farther occasion either for “ If ever thou didst thy dear father love,” (this was out of in shipped, we loosed from the harbour, and rowed for- pilot or horse, we here dismissed them, after paying for the character.) “ I am not in the habit of taking strong de toward Dumbarton Bridge, through which we in them handsomely.

liquors on nights when I perform ; but prithee go to the led to pass, before we hoisted sail, doubting that we The wind blowing fresh from E.N.E. which was pretty public-house at next door, and get me a glass of brandy ld be under the necessity to unship our masts in favourable for us, we hoisted sails, and entered the Loch scene of the play being going on all this while, Bensley, ting it. However, we made the attempt, and were in triumph, welcoming ourselves with several guns. It who had still the book in his hand, studying, drank it off inate enough to get clear through. The wind now was now about half-past two o'clock p. m. and the weather at a single draught; but, as he set the empty glass down, ing about to the south-east, blowing light breezes, we and wind seeming to favour us, we thought it high time to his surprise, and rather indignation, he perceived a again induced to spread our canvas, which carried us for breakfast. Our appetites by this time were well whetted, strong red sediment lying at the bottom of it. Bensley ly along. And here we felt much pleasure in ad- and, without the aid of much pressing, we fell to, and the glass back to "The Crown," from whence it came; ng the variegated landscape and rural scenery, which made a hearty meal-serving both for breakfast and din desiring moreover to know, what the landlord meant by banks of this beautiful river and the surrounding ner. Our fare was good bacon, ham, cheese, loaf bread, offering him so filthy a potation. Within the next minute try every where presented to our view. The stream, &c. with plenty of grog-the provision of Mr. D. A. to he was called to go upon the stage ; and, still grunıbling

about the liquor and the character, he walked down stairs, pst which we had to stem, now grew exceedingly whose foresight in storing we were all indebted.

and made his entry as the buried Majesty of Denmark; I, and took such long, round-about windings, that we We were, in the mean time, making great way: the but no sooner had John Kemble, with Angels and Mi. nd it impossible, either with sails or oars, to proceed wind blew strong; the water was surgy; now and then nisters of grace defend us!” started on one side, than his her. Our only resource, then, was, to go on shore, we shipped small seas.

eye caught the landlady of “The Crown" in the wings 1, by means of a long rope, pull the boat up ourselves, Inchmunain, the first and largest island upon the Loch, on the other, wringing her hands, and throwing her per insiderable distance, to a place where our pilot said he now appeared in sight; we bore straight for it, and as we Heaven's sake to come off. Bensley made up his mind, ild get a horse, that would drag us on to Loch Lomond.came nigh fired several guns. We observed some people that the woman, as well as all the rest of the world-was s agreed upon, all of us went on shore, except D. A. upon the island, who appeared to be strangers, like our frantic; and went on with his part as well as he could, it ing necessary he should stay on board to steer ; and, selves; also a boat close in shore, which we supposed to being in that scene only dumb show, beckoning and signof us catching hold of the rope, we commenced a toil, be theirs: immediately we run in and made fast our barge, ing to Hamlet very solemnly with his truncheon and hich, by the end, we were all heartily tired. and taking a musket with us, we all went on shore, and looking.cannon balls the other way at the landlady, who laving, at last, arrived at the place where our pilot was strayed up and down almost an hour-saw some deer, but the gallery. At length the time of exit came What nd a horse, pe despatched him for that purpose; but, no game to shoot at; and having satisfied our curiosity for the devil, madam, is the matter with you?” “The matter! every search he could make, returned without one, the present, we again went on board, weighed anchor, and Oh, Mr. Bensley! Oh! forgive me on my knees ng that they had all gone up the river, with vessels, proceeded forward, firing a few guns as we cleared the miserable sinner that I am !" ** Why, what in the


of the fiend ails the woman? get up.' “The glass-the morning, and would not be back before it was late island.

brandy and water---the glass-red arsenic-Oh, Sir, you je evening. This information rather disconcerted us; We were now bound for Luss, intending to spend the are poisoned !” “ Poisoned !". " Oh, yes-Oh, forgive we determined to proceed, not choosing to wait the night there, but the wind still favouring more and more, me! My eldest daughter set the glass on the shelf, with m of the horses, and also in the hopes of meeting we resolved to bear direct for Rowerdennan, which lies red arsenic for the rats ; 1 mixed it in the dusk there

was no candle-Oh!' on my knees !” As the written ral islands, and spent some little time on each ; at length, part dropped from Bensley's hand, the scene had shifted, being now nearly mid-day, it was extremely hot; about six o'clock we arrived at this place. It is situated and Mr. Kemble added himself to the party. the stream, the farther we proceed, increased in power exactly at the bottom of Ben Lomond. There is a tolerable Bensley, the stage is waiting.”—“Sir, I can't help that: rapidity, so that our progress was but slow, and we spoke beds for that night, and ordered supper to be ready, my dear Sir, are hissing in the pit.”. “Sir, 1—what


"Oh, poisoned ! Nonsense the people, Elves much fatigued. Being unable to go on without for us by nine o'clock. During the intervening time we I do? I tell you I'm poisoned - I'm in the agonies of

little refreshment, we pulled the boat to the shore ; returned to the boat, took out our fishing tackle, and pre- death!” “Well, but, my dear Mr. Beneley, if you are seating ourselves upon the bank of the river, soon pared a large line, which we set across the Loch, extend: poisoned, you can play this one scene. What are we to illed our lassitude, with a bumper of grog. Thus re ing pretty far into it; we also dismounted our guns, and I do?” And, in the end, Mr. Kemble, who did not know

well what ed, we again set to work with renewed vigour, and carried them to the inn with us.

all meant, absolutely hurried Bensley on the The sun began now to sink low in the west, and the stage, and they began the scene together, Bensley playing changed places with A. A. jun. who went to steer. night to wear on apace, when we, a good deal fatigued, the Ghost, under the full conviction that, in five minutes, ing now pulled in this manner for several miles, we retired to our lodgings. Not finding a fire in the room he should be a ghost in earnest. The play, under these pubt longed for the end of our labours; and we were where we were to sup, we gave orders to have one imme. auspicious circumstances, proceeds me miles distant from the place of destination, which diately. A peat one was soon kindled up; we all sat Ham._“Whither wilt thou lead me? Speak, I'll go lect disheartened us a good deal: but, on the other round, and enjoyed it very much.

no farther!” In the mean time the supper apparatus were going for. Ghost._" Mark me!"-(Aside I believe I shan't be when we considered the necessity of it, and also the ward, and as soon as all the dishes were placed, we set able to go much farther.). itage of being up early at the Loch, with all the ourselves socially around the table, and banishing cere. Ham.-“ Alas, poor ghost !” ares that there awaited us, these considerations far mony out of doors, partook of a comfortable meal. A

Ghost.-" I'am thy father's spirit.” -(Aside-Oh, that erbalanced all other objections, and determined us bowl of good warm toddy crowned the night, over which cursed brandy and water!)

we forgot not to drink our friends' health at home, and desert until we had completely effected it.

Ham.-" Oh, Heaven !" this being the birth day of our Lord and Sovereign the Ghost.-“Murder most foul as in the best it is; but now reached a place called Bonhill, where we once King, to his long life and prosperity.

this"—(Aside-Oh, Lord! I feel it coming.)-Aloud thought of inquiring for a horse ; the answer was Having finished a second bowl-ful, we retired to bed, most strange, foul, and unnatural.” hey expected, every minute, the return of the horses in the hope of much pleasure awaiting us next day, and

Ham.-" Haste, let me know it." rent up ip the morning, they being then due. So we reslept soundly.

Ghost.—“Sleeping within mine orchard,"-(Aside

(To be continud.] I to wait that event; and, in order to quicken their

Oh, that cursed public-house !)–(Aloudmy custom

always in the afternoon"-"with juice of cursed hebenon. we sent off our pilot to meet them.

(Aside-Red arsenic !).-Aloud" The leperous distil. the mean time we were not idle. Having hauled the

Chit Chat.

ment.”—(Aside—Meant for the rats.) lose in shore, we cast anchor, and kept loading and

Ham.—"Oh, all you host of Heaven! Oh, Earth.” our guns incessantly, making all the neighbouring Newcastle, when Bensley, who was the leading actor of

Kemble, in the zenith of his fame, played Hamlet at Ghost.-(Aside)- I'm dying. o resound : even the natives seemed astonished, and that company, had the honour to be cast the Ghost. Kem.

Ham.-(Aside)-Stay a lideyou'll descend directly.

Ghost.-(Aside)— I can't go on. red round us in vast numbers.

ble's high popularity made him, of course, a vast bugbear Ham.—(Aside)- Then you had better go off-I'll apoout an hour had elapsed when our pilot returned in a country theatre; and Bensley was much annoyed at logize. the satisfactory intelligence that a horse was at hand, having to second the greatness of such an artist. Accord. Mr. Kemble then comes forward, and tells the house tour service. As soon as he was yoked we re-em- ingly, he studied the part of the Ghost, having gót but that Mr. Bensley is suddenly indisposed. In the mean d; and, after firing a farewell gun, proceeded on performance ; amazingly tormented by an apprehension sonous glass, and declares that whatever it contains, it is ourney. Not having broken our fast since we set that the affair would, in some way or other, injure his innocent of arsenic. In the end the call-boy is again prothe morning, we now began to feel hungry; how- reputation. When the time came for dressing, Bensley's duced, when it turns out that the peccant vessel was not we agreed to wait until we reached the Loch, when fears were not abated. He put on the Ghost's leather the landlady's of the Crown at all, but that the messenleant to have a hearty carousal

armour, which fitted him horribly; swearing by turns at the ger had himself carried a glass for the brandy and water was extremely pleasant sailing up the river, every at intervals,

repeating fragments from his part, as to his tally taken that which contained the rose pink, mixed to

Ghost, the armour, and the manager; and all the while, with him from the theatre, and had, moreover, accidenappeared so enchantingly beautiful: we already accuracy even in the text

of which he was by no means make

“ blood” for the murderers in the ensuing pantoght all our trouble repaid. At length Loch Lomond entirely satisfied. At length the curtain rang up, and it I mime.-From Mr. Matthews's New Entertainment.


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Should gales of wind too fiercely blow, to urge her on most respectable audience of ladies and gentlemen, her way, Sirs,

have given universal satisfaction. The subject of the (As wind and tide for no one waits, and will for no one lectures is the rise and progress of Italian poetry, from stay, Sirs,)

origin to the time of Tasso, to the consideration of all A ship might then o'ershoot our port, and tarry not when writings, and particularly his Gierusalemme Liberata, there, Şirs,

principal portion of them is directed. The course costs But bolt into a boat canal, and go the L-d knows where, only of six lectures, of which four have been delire Sirs.

Chorus. In the first, Mr. Panizzi endeavoured to show that
Then to prevent ships, brigs, or boats, from going far Italian language was not, as is generally conceived, a na

ruption of the Latin, but might be traced as a distincti
astray, Sirs,
We'll have gas-lamps and finger-posts to guide them all to the times of the ancients, and had obtained the ate

dancy as the Latin had declined. His description of the SICKNESS.

the way, Sirs;
These may the mariner perplex, and place in tribulation,

early writers, and particularly of Dante and Petrarca, and But then he can from a gas-light take lunar observation.

the comparison which he instituted between these free Who art thou that with fever'd cheek, and eye


men, was highly impressive and sublime. Ne va Languid and dim, that loathes the glare of day,

comparison of Ariosto and Tasso, in his subsequat le In Piccadilly, we, Sirs, our Graving-dock will make, ture, less interesting. But the most important part of the And, weeping, turns its wearied gaze away

In case a ship, in coming up, some sad mishap should labour is an extensive and accurate critique co the G From that bright spectacle the gorgeous sky,


rusalemme, in which he has entered in the subiect of The rather loving sad the murky hour

The Infirmary there is close at hand, and doctors wond'rous that favourite poem, the manner in which the triber las of night's still reign, when all without is drear


treated it, its accordance with history, the deada dia As the dark scene within, and pity's tear

Will heal her broken back or ribs, and make her good as heroes both Saracen and Christian, and a rien de te

Chorus. Falls to embalm the pale and prostrate flower !

opinions of the principal commentators and critics cen. The Bridgewater a boarding-house for captains we'll pre- cerning it. These discourses Mr. Panizzi deliter ere Disease thy name: a chastening angel thou,

pare, Sirs,

pore, with all the accuracy of a written compartión, ani Sent by a hand of mercy from above ;

The Swan, the Star, the Albion, will also have their share, all the spirit of an Improvisatore; and we have cely to And though are thine the wrinkles on the brow


regret, that compositions which, from their com a Time yet had spared; yet, minister of love !

Then jolly tars, in our grog-shops, with spinning jennies and delicate style, and happy illustration of the subjeti gay, Sirs,

confer such credit on the Professor, are dooue u If thine to win from earth, and fit for heaven,

With fiddling it and footing it, will pass their nights away, away with the occasion that gave rise to them, el te Be still to me thy varied sorrows given !


due precautions have not been taken to give them in Liverpool.

Bow, wow, wow ! &c. permanent existence.



Rail-roads, or no rail-roads, that is the question
A prisoner was, last week, lately at Lancaster Assizes,

SIR,- If you are acquainted with any first-rate plata Whether 'tis better that the pocket suffer

by a flaw in the indictment, in which the monosyllable by at draughts, I shall be glad to meet him, to her is The cheats and charges of outrageous coachmen, was accidentally omitted. Immediately after this circum- of skill with him; and for this purpose, I inela pun


Yours, &c. AN AMATLIL Or to subscribe for locomotive engines;

stance, a stranger in court asked another who was detained And, by opposing, end them? To go-to fly by a subpæna, why some of the lawyers wore three tails?

• The address of our correspondent is at the service de By steam; and thus to supersede when he gave the following explanation.

respectable inquirer.
Canal boats, and the thousand impositions
That boatmen play us:—'tis a consummation
The Tails to Lawyers' Heads appended,

Are emblems of their trade intended ;
Devoutly to be wished. To go-to fiy-
To fly-perchance to burst-aye, there's the rub!
For Law's a game at“ Heads and Tails,"

Where chance will often turn the scales.
For if the boiler burst, what hurts may come,

SIR,-Passing down Ormond-street on Saturday When we have been blown up into the air,



observed a number of persons assembled round the Must give us pause. There's the respect,

riage of one of those itinerant barterers who persona That makes the grand trunk shares regain their price.

our streets, crying “ Here's yer toffe for bits o' Yet who would bear the frauds of navigation, Diluted spirits, and much-damaged goods,

The following whimsical lines are now passing through broken glass,” &c.; and on coming nearer the center

all the papers. It may not be generally known, but it is I observed two old dames standing, The bore of turnpike-gates, the mail's delay, a fact, that Eight Thats may be written or spoken in the donkey, by which the vehicle was draws, and it

. The insolence of coachee, and the fees

uninterrupted succession, without any violation of sense or very act of assifying a young child. The child, I That the fat guard of the unwary takes,

grammar. We have a notion that this discovery origina- informed, was afflicted with the hooping cougo ; When we ourselves might their quietus make, By steam and rail-ways? Who'd mount state-coaches,

cellent grammarian, and who, in the old series of the fication (I know not what else to call it) is a Centriert

Kalcidoscope, published Nov. 17, 1818, furnished us with for that complaint. The health-restoring ceremaa To creep and sweat over M‘Adam's ways?

a grammatical analysis or parsing of the sentence. We performed as follows:-One woman stood with the But that the dread of spoiling in appearance

shall probably revive the article to which we allude in an innocent in her arms, and putting it under the site The foliage-covered country, whose green sward

early number of the Kaleidoscope. In the mean time, we The traveller admires-puzzles us all, present our readers with a metrical version of seven thats delivered it to the other woman, and she banded

the ass's back to the first woman again. In And makes us rather bear those ills we have,

per the child was first put round the ass three bine Than fly to others that we know not of? Feb. 10, 1825.

I'll prove the word that I have made my themie

to make the cure certain and complete, a little lima Is that that may be doubled without blame,

cut from the ass's shoulder, and deposited in the to And that that that, thus trebled, I may use,

shoes. What medicinal virtue emanated from parecer THE MANCHESTER GRAND SHIP CANAL.

And that that that that critics may abuse

or whether the ceremony will prove more salubridas as [Tune-Bow, wow, wow!) May be correct. Farther—the dons to bother

infant or the ass, I am not scientific enough to detetom Five thats may closely follow one another!

but as the case was quite novel to me, I have taka Oh! this is the age for most wonderful improvements,

For be it kuown that we may safely write

liberty of stating it to you.
In rail-ways, inclining planes, and other such new move. Or say, that that that that that man writ was right;
Nay, e'en, that that that that that that has follow'd

Liverpool, March 7, 1825.
But none that we have heard of is so likely, after all, Sirs, Through six repeats, the grammar's rule has hallow'd ;
To come in competition with our wonderful canal, Sirs.
Bow, wow, wow! Tol de riddle, Bow, wow, wow !
And that that that (that that that that began)

The Olympic Circus closes for the season 2

Repeated seven times is right !-Deny't who can. evening next, with Mr. Goore's benefit, sho, a Up this canal our ships shall sail, and we will have another, A west wind to blow up the one, an east one down the

evening, brings forward a new splendid borse para

also introduces, for the first time, to a Liverpool sole Else beating up, with wind a-head, a ship might chance and admirers of Italian literature

, in this town and neighs Concinettishwe have antes doubt but Mr. G. And thus regrets d'er"entering on such inlandish ways, Sirs. bares or Signor Panizzi, delivered at the Liverpool Royal in which he seeks to produce novelty to his friends del

Chorus. Institution, which have been attended by a numerous and occasions.-See adu.



one on each



The Beauties of Chess.
very remarkable circumstance may be stated, by which

The Investigator.
the ultimate event of this extraordinary match may be

guessed at:-A celebrated chess player, a member of the [Comprehending Political Economy, Statistics, Jurispru. "Ludimus effigiem belli"............. VIDA. London Committee, has published a book on chess, in dence, occasional passages from Parliamentary Speeches

which he gives a form of opening a game, and tries several, of a general nature, occasional Parliamentary DocuSOLUTION TO GAME XXXVI.

we think seven, modes of defence-all inefficient. This ments, and other speculative subjects, excluding Party White.

Politics. ]

very game was played by London against Edinburgh,
and is one of those which is now very lately concluded.

Koight ......6–5+Pawn ......B-6

The game which is now in progress (in which about ten Pawo ........B~ + 2 King ......A-8 moves have been made) was commenced by Edinburgh, Extracts from the Works of the Hon. Basil Cochrane, Dr. Pawn, becomes {C-8+ 3 Castle ....C-8

and is the same game which the celebrated member of the a Queen London Committee has announced in his book to be inde

Kentish, Sir Arthur Clarke, M. D. &c. to shew the ef

ficacy of vapour bathing in the cure of several diseases, Castle ........C_8+ 4 King fensible. How, therefore, stands the probability of the

viz. rheumatism, scrofula, cutaneous eruptions, glanduKoight 046+Matt.

'issue of the match? Edinburgh has won one game, and lar swellings in the neck, gravel, palsy, gout, dropsy,

is playing another, which the London Club has deemed
2 King

consumption, fever, inflammation of the bowels, bilious indefensible, though Edinburgh did not altogether agree Knight ......D_6+ 3 King A-9

and liver complaints, water in the brain, &c. to that position. Pawu ..B-7+ MATE. The Age we live in.-In spite of instances of depravity,

(Concluded from our last.) the black king moved to A-8, the white pawn would which arise from neglect of education, the present

must be

BILIOUS AND LIVER COMPLAINTS. to C-8, and, in the following move, the white castle regarded as an age of great moral and intellectual advance- In diabetes and dropsy, where the perspiration is noto. à give checkmate.

ment, and the effect has chiefly arisen from enlarged plans riously defective, there is the most decisive evidence of

of education, for we can reason only from what we know. diminution in the biliary secretion. In chlorosis, bile is [NO. XXXVII.

Thirty years have nearly elapsed since Sir Richard Phillips secreted in less quantity than in health. In maniacal e white to move, and to give checkmate in five moves.

promulgated his Interrogative System of Teaching; and habits, there is generally a defect in the secretion of bile : as it gradually spread, only as the old-fashioned race of in both cases there is a dry skin and a deficiency of perspi

teachers passed away; so its mature effects are now only ration. The torpid state of the skin in melancholy, hysBlack.

beginning to display themselves, in the state of the public teria, and in most nervous disorders, exactly coincides mind. To the credit of the schools in this neighbourhood, with that of the liver and bowels. Hypochondriacal com

Questions without Answers, and for which Answers are plaints are always attended with dyspepsia, diminished V 5 ad !H

to be studied and prepared by the pupils, are now gene- secretion of bile, dry skin, and with great torpor of the rally, or partially adopted ; and hence the comparative alimentary canal. The symptoms of dyspepsia and dimiperfection of young persons, in all branches of knowledge, nished secretion of bile, which are now rendered more conand the preference given to Booksellers' Shops, by classes spicuous among females, from their sedentary life, are who formerly had no enjoyment but in the tavern or pothouse. most effectually removed by warm or vapour bathing,

which is the surest means of producing a regular and TOTAL ALTERATION IN WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. healthy discharge from the pores of the skin, and (from To all Persons who have occasion to buy or sell by Weight the sympathy between it and the liver) an increased secre

or Measure, or whose Business comprises Mensura- tion of healthy bile. The same may be said of exercise, SC tion of any Descriptim.

which powerfully promotes the secretion of bile, as well as Pursuant to an Act of Parliament, it has been deemed perspiration. On this account I generally recommend necessary that Weights and Measures should be just and exercise after warm or vapour bathing (when the strength uniform ; and although the Great Charter has ordered of the patient and the weather permit) in preference to that the same Measures shall be used throughout Great going in a carriage. Britain, yet vast difference has existed, and does exist in . Bilious and liver complaints are now thought to be so the Size of Weights and Measures--preventing a true common, particularly among those whose health and con. Standard of Measure, and causing confusion and frauds. stitution have been impaired abroad, while serving in the

To remove these evils, it has been enacted, that certain army and navy, that I trust a few simple directions for 5:2

Standard Weights and Measures shall be established in their regulation may not be deemed useless or inconsistent

Great Britain, Ireland, &c. In forming this Standard, with the plan of this work. B C D E F G H

the scientific Gentlemen of the Commission had many Among the remedies for those complaints, mercury difficulties to contend with. The calculations were almost given in small doses, and slowly, certainly holds the first

innumerable, and not to be effected unless exclusive at place, as it effectually promotes the secretion of bile, and WHITE.

tention for many months had been afforded. Some among excites the extreme vessels on the surface of the body to

them, of course, were better than others, but they were all action. To increase this effect, and to determine to the METEOROLOGICAL TABLE.

deemed defective; and it was not until Mr. Gutteridge skin, the warm or vapour bath is the most powerful aux

submitted his systein, that the clauses regulating the iliary. The connexion between the biliary and perspira[From the Liverpool Courier.]

Standard were introduced. The Act was passed in the tive processes will elucidate the operation of these remedies, last Session of Parliament, and commences being a Law and may suggest the use of others.

on the 1st of May, 1825. The alterations are of such “Our attention is next to be directed to the stomach during


a nature, that the utmost confusion will result among and bowels. The diet in all bilious and liver complaints

Dealers, unless they devote their attention to the subject, will require the strictest attention ; and the great secret S.W. Cloudy.

before they are obliged to reject habits that have grown in strengthening a weak stomach is, to give it little work o S.s.w. Cloudy.

with them, and adopt others exactly opposite. There are to perform. There should, therefore, be the greatest mopenal clauses provided for those who shall sell (after May deration in the use of the plainest food only, and that of i, 1825) by other Weights and Measures than the Stand the easiest digestion, very little wine, and, if any spirits, ard as enacted.

it should be much diluted. Common water will do more 37 0


Mr. Gutteridge's plan has been approved of, as the one in strengthening the stomach than any medicine, especially best adapted for the public good; and he has constructed if the bowels are kept open; all fat, salted, or smoked

the Tables ordered by the Act, for the Customs and Ex. meats, rich suet or plum puddings, butter sauces, and Muliscellanies.

cise; also the Table of Equalization, by which only the high seasoning, are to be avoided. The food should be value of the goods weighed and measured by the " Im plain fresh meat, simply boiled or roasted, with only its own

perial Standar d" can be ascertained ; and by which juice or gravy, plain light soup or broth, and occasionally CHESS MATCH. ist game, in this trial of skill, between the London Tables, after the ist of May, all Payments will be re- light bread or rice pudding; a small portion of well boilea

gulated. it must be obvious, that any Trade or Occu- vegetables, without butter, may be used : large quantities nburgh clubs, has been won by the latter. The pation requiring the use of Weights and Measures, must of vegetables, raw, or not well boiled, and salads, never players, it seems, were too eager to win ; and the be provided with these Tables of Equalization.” With-fail to produce flatulency or acidity, where the stomach is the North did not fail to take advantage of their out them no one can calculate the relative value of Goods; weak, and are therefore highly improper. A cup of coffee

Chess is the game for a cautious, calculating lie will be ignorant of his business ; will be the constant soon after dinner should be preferred to tea, and supper the very game that Scotchmen should excel in. victim of the informer, and the willing instrument of his always avoided. wo was lost with the first game on the London own loss, perhaps ruin. These Tables are so very easy as “In inflammation of the kidneys, and other internal it it is still backed at 3 to 2 to win the match. he Scotch succeed in the next struggle, the match metical calculations, to compare the quantities and values hot water bath; and in glandular obstructions, in both

to enable every person, however unacquainted with arith. parts, the vapour bath has a decided advantage over the As it is, the men of the North have reason to be of the present standards, with those about to be adopted. young and old subjects, the relief afforded by it leaves no defeating some of the best players of Europe; but for an advertisement expressing the particulars of the new ports, and some others, have given their testimony in fa.

Our readers are referred to another part of our paper doubt of its efficacy. Dr. Bradsley, in his medical reglory of the victory has been ascribed to a Welsh Set of Tables of Weights and easures.

sour of the superior power of heat applied through the an, resident in the Scotch capital.

medium of steam, to heat applied by the mcans of water. Bellmen were first appointed in London in 1556. They Dr. Kentish relates a case of chronic diarrhæa, which had singular match between London and Edinburgh were to ring their bells at night, and cry " Take care of resisted all the knewn means of relief, and a case of chronic ly approaching to a crisis. One game has been your fire and candle; be charitable to the poor, and pray catarrh, which very much resembled consumption, both and another has been won by Edinburgh. One for the dead.”

restored to perfect health by the use of the vapour bath.



016 993

16 993 993


In the latter he had recommended the alternate use of the


safe; there is no danger whatever from cold--the truth cold bath. These cases show that increased secretions “ Rheumatism, in consequence of the moist and va- we are less liable to cold after warm or vapour bed from the bowels, and defluxions from the lungs, are re- riable atmosphere to which our contiguity to the sea than at any other time, for the increased circulation de lieved by deterinining the circulation to the

skin. On this exposes us, is one of the most frequent, difficult, and surface of the body, keeps up a great degree of heat, principle

the vapour bath must prove useful in a variety tedious complaints we have to treat. The stomach, from the non-conducting state of the skin long presentes perspiration, and attended with defluxions from other quently debilitated, and the constitution thereby injured; experience on my own person, and obsetvation parts. In female obstructions and painful evacuations, should sudorifics therefore be deemed necessary in such effects produced on others, enable me to affirm; e the warm or vapour bath used daily, for some time pre cases, the vapour bath, in point of efficacy, yields, to no quently the fear of catching cold,' expressed on vious to the expected period, is attended with the hap drug, and as the system does not suffer by its exhibition, occasions, is both groundless and injurious. There piest effects; in chilblains, in tetanus, in diseases ac- it deserves a decided preference.

it is hoped, will pardon the repetition of this fact; se companied by a dryness of the skin, as diabetes, dropsy, " Various obstinate cases of months' standing have oc- ral is the prevalence of the opposite opinion, and &c. as also in water on the brain, in the chest, and in curred in the Naval Hospital ; rheumatism being a disor: chievous the errors in practice which it produces, asthma, this remedy has been attended with considerable der with which sailors are frequently attacked, from their truth cannot too often be inculcated in a work of this advantage.

being so much exposed to moist air and damp clothing: scription. DROPSY.

these, without a single exception, have recovered in a very ** In December, 1812, when the thermometer war After replying to a professor of medicine on this sub- short time by the use of the vapour bath.

32 degrees, I went into a steam bath heated to 189, ject, Sir A. Clarke states, that dropsy “ follows occasion. “Chronic rheumatism is a disease nearly allied to palsy, is five degrees above the burring land wind en the sea ally in the train of fevers ; it arises often from accidental as the vessels, from previous distension, are rendered pa- Coromandel; I remained in it for ten minsters

, and ; charges, natural and artificial; and is generally present in in too large a proportion : here the vapour bath is particu- to what I am accustomed to wear, I walked ist all cases where death is ushered in by debility.

larly useful, and will often alone cure the disease. In that upwards of two miles, without any injurious Crepe “Throughout every part of the body, and in all its great species of rheumatism confined to the hip joint, called on the contrary, I felt invigorated, and, as it were, visceral cavities, there is a constant exhalation of a vapoury Sciatica, vapour bathing is a most valuable remedy." ed from the coldness of the atmosphere. fluid, oozing from the exhalent extremities of the arteries, GLANDULAR SWELLING IN THE NECK.

“From what I have stated, it must not be sind and bedewing every fibre of our frame: this fluid is ab- . J. CM, aged four years, had a swelling in the that immediate exposure to the external air in all ist sorbed as fast as it is formed by the corresponding

mouths right parotid gland,

which gradually

increased for a month after warm or vapour bathing, is safe: there see of the lymphatic vessels, and carried back again to the till suppuration commenced ; on the 20th of October, 1814, tions in several states of disease, wherein the bed general mass of blood from which it had been separated. I was sent for to open it, it being on the point of bursting. ensure an increase of perspiration. In these it is on If at any time this fluid be poured forth in quantities -I advised the operation to be delayed to try what effect our business to remove the patient to bed, to ens greater than can be taken up by the absorbents; or if on the vapour bath might have, and had her put into it for the continuance of it; but, when the bath is the

other hand, the absorbents should in any degree lose ten minutes at 110,-a poultice of bread and milk had been cleanliness, refreshment, or as a luxury, the rule their usual power of action (the exhalation remaining un applied, which I ordered to be continued, and gave her a of no exception." altered) an accumulation of fluid must necessarily take dose of calomel and rhubarb, (5 grains of each.) In the place, consequently the body will be thrown from a state course of a week,

after bathing

every second day, the tu- In presenting the above Extracts to the Petites of soundness and health, into that of weakness and dis mour was reduced to one half the size, absorption having compiler hopes that the attention of bis readers al ease.

taken place; and in less than six weeks the tumour totally cited so as to induce them to peruse the Werke "In almost every species of dropsy, the functions of the disappea without leaving ary mark whatever. During quoted, in which they will find a more ample and skin, of the liver, and of the kidneys, are interrupted; her bathing, the poultice was continued while any redness ing account of the beneficial effects that resuk consequently the perspiration, the biliary and the urinary appeared on the skin, and the calomel and rhubarb repeat- use of the vapour bath, than can be given

in secretions, are defective; the pores of the skin being stop-ed twice a week, which affected her mouth.

selection. In conclusion, he begs most respe ped, the fluid of the insensible perspiration pot transpir. After dislocations of the shoulder, elbow, ankle, and urge, that although he has receiv.d instruction ing, is of course accumulated under the skin in the celo other joints, cases often occur in which the surgeon finds management of the vapour bath, from one of lular substance, or in some of the cavities of the body; reduction a difficult task ; he is obliged to use very power. eminent establishments in that line in the Merge the biliary secretions being suppressed, the circulation in ful extension, in a variety of directions, and frequently and is quite convinced, from his own experience the liver becomes obstructed, and congestion in that organ without success; and after fractures of bones, where effu. the information he has received from others, of takes place. Whether these are the causes or the effects sion sometimes remains in the ligaments of the joints, or in a great variety of cases, that he does not pres of dropsy, is a question which it is not necessary here to under the sheaths of the tendons; and in paralytic limbs, recommend its adoption, without recommending discuss, as the treatment of the disease is a matter of much arising from external causes ; and in cases of deafness, aris same time, that patients should consult their greater consequence; but this I will venture to assert, ing from cold, I have known great benefit derived from friends prior to the use of it. that by giving a free circulation to the blood in the liver, vapour bathing. which may be effected by blood-letting; by drawing the * A remarkable instance of its efficacy in a case of luxa- Mien and Manners. circulation from the vital parts to the surface and extre- tion of the fore-arm from the humerous (the elbow joint,) mities of the body, which is practicable in almost every with a fracture of the olecranon, occurred not long since in

GAMBLING-HOUSES IN PARIS case of dropsy, by the vapour bath; by other evacuations, a sailor, who fell from the main-yard of the foremast in a and the exhibition of tonics without stimulating, and with collier. The poor fellow remained for three days witha light nourishing diet, we may produce a suspension of out any surgical assistance, his vessel being at sea.

(FROM THE FRENCH OF M. DE JOUY, BY LIL the symptoms, if not effect a cure in nine cases out of ten happened to be on the quay when it came in, and acci. of this most fatal of all chronic disorders : such a pro- dentally met him when looking for an hospital ; I inquired

Translated expressly for the Kaleidoscope cess promotes the absorption of the accumulated Auid, into his case, and on examining the arm, found the swell. and presents a fresh accumulation, the obvious indications ing and inflammation so considerable as to threaten mor- The Palais Royal became the centre of these of cure in all dropsies.

tification, and prevent any attempt at reduction ; I recom. establishments, to which Government was not a " The advantages derived from the vapour bath, in mended the man immediately to try the vapour bath, give the character of a public institution, by restoring the strength of persons debilitated by the use of which he did three times a day for four days, at the end of an administration to regulate them, and thus mer mercury, induced me to employ that remedy more fre- which the swelling, &c. were subdued, the skin and mus diffuse their influence. Thanks to the bumeron chose evils it had only been hitherto applied to remove. great facility, so that in a short time he recovered the per France, no class of society is free from its here

which the chief temple organized in In pursuing this indication, I could not but be struck by fect use of his arm. the greater facility with which the mercury acted upon the “ There is another advantage not yet taken notice of, ence; it levies its imposition on the daily constitution, the comparative rapidity of the cure, as well which the vapour possesses over the warm bath-I mean mechanic as well as on the appointments of as the diminution of the poisonous effects of the mineral, its application to the internal surface of the

lungs; a sur sador, and

receives the copper of the trades have, in consequence, generally adopted it, and after an bably much more than equal in extent the whole surface lingly as the gold of the receiver-general. ample experience in the Naval Hospital and private prace of the body: indeed some physiologięts calculate this sur. The Circle of the Strangers holds the first mai tice, for eight years, I can assert, that in every instance face at ten times that of the body. Upon the absorbing the gambling-houses, with which it has nothing where I combined these two remedies, the patients re- powers of the

lungs much has been written. The experi- mon but its object. The best and most brilliant covered in nearly half the time, and with little more than ments of Dr. Rousseau, of the Island of Hispaniola, of Dr. in Paris assemble there every evening. It is the one half the quantity of mercury usually employed in Darwin, of Dr. Beddoes, and the practice of the Chinese such cases. The bath was used every day, by which Physicians, concur in showing that the absorbing powers vous of persons of distinction, who are sometim means the system was strengthened against the debili- of this organ afford a ready road into the system, both for prised to meet there individuals whom they tating effects of the mercury, and fortified against the in- the causes of disease, and for the remedies which restore refused, six months ago, for their lackeys

, bet fluence of cold. Thus may the constitution be preserved, health.

become their equals by a few lucky throws of and the cure of many obstinate disorders be rendered less “Dr. Darwin invented a box for the application of difficult, by the assistance of a powerful, though perfectly powders to the surface of the lungs, for the cure of ulcers, dice. Here opulence, not indigence, appeals safe auxiliary; and thus may be prevented the puny and &c.; but the mode of impregnating vapour with medicinal in the hope of obtaining, from play, a suppiy degenerate offspring of those, who, from their shattered, herbs has many advantages over the Doctor's dusting-box. which regular incomes connot procure. broken.down, and enfeebled constitutions, caused by dis- There are few substances, either vegetable or mineral, I pass over a score of intervening houses, and orders contracted in warm climates, and at home, are which may not be dissolved, and applied to the lungs No. 9 of the Palais Royal, the gayest, if ne obliged to undergo repeated courses of mercury; a neces- through the medium of vapour, and when exhibited in this decent, of the Parisian gaming-houses. It has sity which seldom fails, even in the strongest constitutions, form, they must be absorbed with great facility." of producing a predisposition to scrofula, and perhaps After using the vapour bath, and the body is properly trances; one for the novices, who are made to per other diseases, in their offspring."

dried and rubbed, the cool air is grateful, and perfectly pence, and another for the confidants, or for the


of ease,

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