Sidor som bilder

It will naturally occur to every one, that the poor sick
Biographical Notices.

About this time she was strongly urged by aler mother felt very anxious on the occasion; she appeared | ber of families at Liverpool to make that oun .

exceedingly agitated the whole of the day, and requested dence, they engaging to find her as many punika THE CAMBRIAN MUSICAL PRODIGY. that her son might be sent to her after Bessy had made might feel disposed to accept. After mant

her debut; accordingly, between eight and nine o'clock, pro and con, with the poor father, who was Some months since, at the particular request of an es- her son ran home to say, that his sister had been received nervous and feeble, she was at length permitted

grown to wemed correspondent, we prepared the following biogra- with the greatest applause. The tidings, though good, I provided she came over every Saturday, and remained phical sketch for the Kaleidoscope, announcing our inten- were more than the affectionate mother could bear; she him till the Monday. This she contin

ntinued to do for al faintly said " Thank God !" and never spoke again. sion to accompany its insertion with some notes of the

This time, though the distance by land and water was a

melancholy event was prudently not made known until 85 miles. We are now drawing to the close of me editor, written at the time when the heroine of the piece the concert was over. It would be difficult to describe dles's life's busy scene:" he breathed his last in the ve about four years of age. At that period, the editor the degree of interest which it created -a most wonder.tumn of 1820, leaving three daughters and as Lent a journal, in which he well recollects there is a fully-gifted child left to the care of a blind father! | latter being organist of Holywell, in Flinishina

made was truly astonishing.

The progress that little Bess made was truly astonishing. memorandum of a visit which Miss R. paid him in com

After their affairs were arranged, the daughter -Parry taught her the notes and first rudiments of music, to Liverpool, where they still remain, car interest pany with her father. This notice is mislaid, but we shall and she continued to improve so rapidly, and to perform heroine being a welcome visitor at th

a welcome visitor at the houses of the ma give it a place in the Kulcidoscope whenever it meets our

with such execution, that her patrons proposed to intro. opulent inhabitants of that flourishing town. eye.--Edit. Kal. .

duce her to his Majesty George Ill. and the Royal Family. It also gives us pleasure to state that her name

Accordingly, when she was only just turned of three years to what Mr. Randles left, will ensure let and be nice (From the Biographical Dictionary of Musicians.] and a half she was brought to London, accompanied by a most comfortable maintenance for life.

her father and el Miss Elizabeth Randles was born at Wrexham, inh

The blind minstrel and his infant prodigy were introNorth Wales, on the 1st of August, 1800. Her father, duced to their Majesties and the Princesses, who were

Miscellanies. who was organist of the church, was blind, and had been

highly delighted with their performance. The King preso since the age of three years; he lost his sight by the small pox. He had several children, but none of them be. sented the child with a hundred guineas! A circumstance

THE INFANT LYRA. occurred during this visit which ought to be recorded. The trayed any peculiar talent for music, except the youngest

King'went to Randles after he had played a Welsh air on daughter, who, when she was but sixteen months old,

It will be fresh in the recollection of many of our mata the harp, and said, “ Ha! blind, blind, who taught you loh. would go to the piano-forte, and endeavour to pick out al.

to play " The late Mr. Parry, Sir Watkin William

you that this interesting child delighted the public song srid melody. In a very short period she could play several simple tunes, and so wonderfully quick was her ear, that

Wynn's harper, and please your Majesty." "Ha! wlay ago, by her surprising performance on the barp. When

Tone he was blind too. I remember him well; he and his son often wondered that nothing has since appeared when her father sounded any note with his voice, she

used to perform Handel's Choruses on two Welsh harps London papers concerning this intant phenomenon, would run to the instrument and touch it; this she did

very finely before me, about thirty years ago. This anec- vious to the following paragraph, which we extract long before she could speak..

dote will serve to corroborate many others which have Mr. Randles became, of course, exceedingly fond of her, ; been published of our late Sovereign's retentive memory.

a late number of the Examiner. and regularly taught her the melody of "Ar hyd y nos,"

| Shortly after this a public breakfast was given at Cum. ' " Walking, the other day, into Pall-mall, we oferte or, “ The livelong night," placing her left hand on the

berland gardens, for the benefit of Miss Randles; tickets a musical friend, on his way to hear what he call key note. This appeared to delight her, yet she did not

|(one guinea each) were to be had at Sir W. W. Wynn's • Infant Lyra,' a child only four years of age, and shell seem satisfied with one note, she endeavoured to strike

house, in St. James's-square. The morning was very fine, I heen venrese others, so as to form a proper bass to the treble ; her father

and no less than five hundred persons, of the first rank in

: been represented as a musical prodigy. We are seeing this (as he used to say) took some pains with her, and she could soon play this, and several other little tunes,

the kingdom, attended, and the child's performance was tempted to witness the efforts of precocious

the admiration of every one. The profits of the breakfast, strong entreaty overruled our objection, and we treble and bass, in a very correct manner. Nuon and

together with the various sums of money presented to Miss nied him to the Apollo Room, the grotesque Chinese Staunton's coinpany of comedians was at Wrexham in 108

rexham in Randles, were vested in the funds, in the names of trustees, bellishments of which formed a striking contrast to a the summer of 1802; Staunton, who had otten beard the for her sole benefit ; and in order to accumulate enough to gant group of lovely and intelligent faces arme cbild play, requested that her father would permit her to

defray the expenses of her education, it was recommended perform an air on the stage for his benefit. Randles con

that she should perform at the principal provincial towns witness the performance. About half-past three o dadi sented, and taught her the “Downfall of Paris," for her in the kingdom.

parents introduced their infant prodigy, and our otel debut in public, which took place before she was two years

urs Having been furnished plentifully with letters of recom- to prodigies were, for a time, lost in admiration of the old !. The important night arrived, an instruinent was


parts of th prepared, and at the end of the play the Lilliputian min. his little prodigy, accompanied for a long period by Mr.

and interesting features of the child. A harp of se strel was led on the stage by the little daughter of the Parry, made a very extensive and profitable tour.

mensions was then placed before her; and, instead manager. The applause from a crowded audience was


Randles commensurate with the novelty of the scene.

Wandering Cambrians," as they were denomi- { insipid monotony which might have been expected

nated, were exceedingly well received every where, and infant only four years old, we were surprised to hear was sitting behind the scenes, and when he heard the

were invited to the nobility's mansions which were con- riety of national airs, English, Irish, and Scottish, plaudits of the audience, cried out, while tears trickled

tiguous to the towns where they gave concerts. down his face—“I never regretted the loss of sight till this

The performances were exceedingly entertaining and

the bold, the lively, and the pathetic, played with a moment. Oh! what would I give to see my darling ring varied. 'Randles played the harp exquisitely; Eliza, the

ness of execution, energy of feeling, and vivacity child !” Bessy was placed at the instrument, with an is

| piano-forte; Parry, alternately, the flute, clarionet, and ner, that surprised us. Never before were we go apple on her right side, and a cake on her left, both of!

iwo or three flageolets. They sang songs, duets, and impressed with the idea of the predominance of a which she was to receive if she played well. She com-1.

trios, particularly some harmonized Welsh melodies, in a menced, and, to the utter astonishment of all present,

genius. Great pains must have been taken to ten very pleasing manner. performed the air with the greatest correctness, particu.

Early in 1808 she paid London another visit, where she

young a child in the mere manual operation : bu larly the running passage in the third part; this she concon: was heartily welcomed by her early friends, and a concert

discipline could not have produced all the effect trived to execute with the thumb and the side of her right was given for her benefit at the Hanover.square Rooms.

nessed, had not the god of music set his seal up hand, for her utmost stretch could not compass a fourth.

under the direction of the Hon. John Spencer. Madame The interest which this exhibition created was intense. Catalani. the Vaughans, Knyvetts, Bianchi, Weichsell, I that little coercion had been used. She playa

| and the playfulness and simplicity of her manier ? Sir W. W. Wyon, Lady Dungannon, Lady Cunliffe, in Lindley, Kramer, Naldi, &c. gave their powerful aid, short, all the nobility and families of distinction in the gratuitously, on the occasion. Sir G. Smart conducted

harp as she would play with a doll; and, as igre neighbourhood sent for our little Sappho to their mansions, I sions, the performance. The room was crowded.

sion was concerned, in our judgment, strud where she both astonished and delighted them.

As Parry was desirous of residing in London, he could with an energy and feeling more true to naturen In the spring of 1803, Sir W. W. Wynn recommended not accompany Mr. Randles and his daughter any longer, of the regular grown up sisters of the lyte." that a concert should be performed at Wrexham for her

consequently they returned home, and Bessy began to benefit. The worthy Baronet's suggestions were seconded

| learn the barp; her education was properly attended to, 1 A Barber's tale. - When I was apprention, by every person of consequence in the Vale of Mealor ; I and she was invited to pass a few weeks at the houses of I master's customers, a very angry and piness but, in consequence of the illness of Mrs. Randles, it was

several families of distinction, alternately, where, mixing gentleman, always fell to my lot. I postponed from time to time. The poor mother, how.

with polished society, she became a very clever, accom. and he basted me for the faults of his own skin ever, requested that the concert should take place, fore-blished

place, tore: plished girl. Many offers were made to her father by dif-more he threatened, and growled, and kicked seeing but little hopes of her recovery. Arrangements ! ferent ladies of rank, to adopt her as their own but I'while I was shaving him, the more cuts did my time were accordingly made, under the direction of Parry,

the poor dark father would not, nay, could not part with razor inflict. At length he died, and I was set who resided at Wrexham. Meredith, the celebrated bass

her; she was the only solace of his life; she read to hiin, him for the last time. I had never performed on 1 singer, and his daughter, from Liverpool, assisted on the

played for him, sang to him; in short, he could not exist before. There he lay, all pale and horrible, rith occasion. without her for any length of time.

of tape tied round his head to keep op his under The room was crowded at an early hour, and the per: In 1818 she paid London a visit, with a view of taking was a very little urchin, and mounted the bed 19 formance went off with the utinost eclat, particularly that

rucularly that I a few lessons on the harp from Dizi, and on the piano Terribly frightened was I to be sure, scrapias of the infant, who sang as well as played. Nothing could

from Kalkbrenner, and to see (as she expressed herself)man's face, with no living creature but mysit be more innocently interesting than her mode of singing whether she could find any thing new in the art. Both room. My trepidation was so great, that Thada the following line in the “ Blue Bells of Scotland :"

these celebrated professors paid her talents the highest above three sweeps, when the razor snipped the “He's gone to fight the French for King George upon the

compliment; Dizi, in particular, after placing before her two! Down fell his jawaye, just as it used to da throne;"

all the difficult pieces he could find, and bearing her exe- was enraged; and away ran 1, helter-skelter, learn which she used to lisp out thus,

cute them with the greatest facility, said, "Oh, oh, Miss ! tools to take care of themselves ! Hang it, this "He's don to Aght the Prench for Ting George upou de fome: I must write expressly for you, I find."

I cut him again!


Mr. Rand



The Naturalist's Diary.

Then, mellowed down, an under-strain,
for the fair ; the rough-rinded elm, grave and sedate.'
looking, even in its youth, and already bespeaking the Like birdish laughter, as again
future "green,robed senator of mighty woods;"—these,

The suinmons comes, a sweet soprana
APRIL, 1825.
with the white stemmed ash, the alder, artificial-looking

Froni thy most fund sultana;

O wondrous bird! thy varied measure,
kornbeam, and the as yet bare oak, make up this silent
(From Time's Telescope)
but happy company.

The very soul of pleasure,
The arrival of the swallow, about the middle of this Who but an unblest lover could
month, foretels the approach of summer, whose coming,

Have fancied set in minor mood? Of all the months that fill the year,

Who but the votary of folly Give April's month to me,

however, is too often retarded by the return of winter in For earth and sky are then so Aled angry mood, hurling his last hail-storms at the " proud

Have called it melancholy? With sweet variety ! pied" and flower-wreathed head of April; but

That beautiful little bird, the wryneck, next makes its The apple-blossoms' shower of pearl,

appearance, preceding the cuckoo by a few days, whose the brightest day hath a cloud;

And, after April, full oft succeeds The pear-tree's rosier hue,

soft and mellow, yet powerful voice seems to fill the whole Barren winter, with his wrathful, nipping cold:

concave of the heavens with its two mysterious notes, the As beautiful as woman's blush, Az evanescent too.

most primitive of musical njelodies. Who can listen to So cares and joys abound, as seasons fleet.

those notes, for the tirst time in spring, and not feel bis The purple light, that like a sigh

Hence the swallow has been thus apostrophized by the schoolboy days come back to him ? and not as he did eben Comes from the violet bed, elegant and accomplished " Family Circle," who have

look a thousaud ways As there the perfumes of the East written so many beautiful “ POEMS For Youth."

In bush, aud tree, and sky? Had all their odours sbed.

wild tenant of the changeful year, The wild-briar rose, a fragrant cup,

That borne upon the southern wind,

and look in vain, for they are the shyest of all birds; be Across the ocean's distant waves,

sides, the appearance of ihis awkward unsighuly bird will, To hold the morning's tear; The bird's eye, like a sapphire star,

Wouldst bere a sheltering region find;

probably, for the future, take away all the mystery of the

sound, and, with it, the best half of its beauty. The primrose, pale like fear.

Too soon, alas! from brighter elimes

The other summer birds of passage wäich arrive this The balls that hang like drifted snow

Thou heedless spread'st thy truant wings:

month, make their appearance in the following order: Upon the guelder-rose,

Too soon thou hither com'st to greet,

the riny-ousel; the redstart, frequenting old walls and The woodbine's fairy trumpets, wboro

With artless notes, the infant spriug.

ruinous edifices; the yellow wren, the swift, the white The elf his war-note blows.

In hoary winter's palsied lap

throat, the grasshopper-lark, the smallest of the lark kind; On every bough there is a bud,

The infant spring all cradled lies,

and the willow-wren, which, as well as the house-wrer, In every bud a flower;

Whilst round the nursling's tender form

destroys many pernicious insects. The kite now approaches But searcely bud or flower will last

The bitter storms unpitying rise.

farm-bouses and villages, in search of food and materials Beyond the present hour.

For thee, amid the noontide beam,

for constructing his nest; at other times, unless pipcbed

No gossamer floats along the vale; Now comes a shower-cloud o'er the sky.

by hunger, he cautiously avoids man and all his haunts. Then all again sunshine; And fled the various insect tribes,

(To be continued.) Then clouds again, but brightened with

That revel in the sumnjer gale.
The rainbow's coloured line.
Behind yon mountain's misty brow

che investigator. Aye, this, this is the month for me!

The low'ring storm is gathering fast,

[Comprehending Political Economy, Statistics, JurispruI could not love a scene

And sweeps along the cultured plain,

dence, occasional passages from Parliamentary Speeches Where the blue sky was always blue,

And wakes the wind and welkin blast.

of a general nature, occasional Parliamentary DocuThe Kreen earth always green.

After the swallow, the next bird that appears is the ments, and other speculative subjects, excluding Party L. Be L. nightingale ( motacilla luscinia), whose praises have been

Politics. th all its caprices, we like the month of April; we chaunted by poets of every clime, and have occupied many Tose laughing and crying days, when sun and shade a page in this month's Diary of our previous volumes. In

ANTIQUITY OF CALICO PRINTING. o rise in billows over the landscape. We like to see our climate, the nightingale seldom sings above six weeks, dden shower coursing over the meadow, and giving generally commencing the last week in April. "If wel It is a well understood fact, that calico printing was inature a greener smile; and the bright sunbeams happen to be wandering forth (observes the chronicler of troduced into Europe from the East ; but it is not so g the flying cloud, and turning all its drops into • The Months') on a warm, still evening, during the last generally known that the art was practised by the ancient ads; we like to hear and to feel

week in this month, and passing near a road-side orchard. / Egyptians. That such was the case, however, is perfectly The sweet winds that gently dy,

or skirting a little copse in returning from our twilight clear from the following passage in Pliny's Natural His. And sweep the spring's enamelled foor.

ramble, or sitting listlessly on a lawn near some thick | tory, lib. 35. c. 2.-" Fingunt et vestes in Ægypto, mira.

plantation, waiting for bed-time, we may chance to be bili genere; candida vela, postquam attrivere illinentes, at a sweet flash of new green has started up to the startled from our meditations (of whatever kind they may non coloribus, sed cololorem sorbentibus medicamentis. (this meadow! And the new-born daisies that stud

be) by a sound, issuing from among the distant leaves. Hoc cum fecere, non apparet in velis ; sed in cortinam and there, give it the look of an emerald sky pow. That is the nightingale's voice. The cold spells of winter. pigmenti ferventis mersa, p with snowy stars. See, upon the sloping sides of that had kept him so long tongue.tied, and frozen the picta.

picta. Mirumque cum sit unus in cortina colos, ex illo ink beneath the hedge-row, what companies of deep fountains of his heart. vield before the mild breath alius atque alius fit in Veste, accipientis medicamenti,

es are dedicating their pale beauties to the pleasant of Spring, and he is voluble once more. It is as if the qualitate mutatis Nec postea ablui potest.” Translation : that blows over them, and looking as faint withal flood of song had been swelling within his breast ever

- In Egypt they produce coloured figures on garments hey had senses that could ache' at the rich swect- since it last ceased to flow, and was now gushing forth un

in a remarkable manner. Having first rubbed into the the hidden violets that are growing here and there controllably, and as if he had no will to control it: for white cloths a (liquid) application, not of colours, but of them. The intermediate spots of the bank are now when it does stop for a space, it is suddenly, as if for want

drugs, which absorb or fix colours. (Probably they did covered from sight by the various green weeds that of breath." The sweet song of the nightingale has been

not use blocks, but applied their mordaunts by means of up every where, and begin to fill the interstices termed melancholy from the time of Homer to the present

a brush or pencil.) When they have done this, it does 2 the lower stems of the hazel, the hawthorn, the day; but we have shown in our former volumes that this

not show upon the cloths; but these being plunged into e eglantine, and the woodbine, that unite their opinion is entirely erroneous; and, in support of this bird's

support of this bird's, a cauldron of dye, in a boiling state, are immediately azms together above, to form the natural inclo merry note, we have adduced many authorities: we now atter taken out coloured, (1. e. with coloured figures or tat prettiest feature in our English scenery-or at | subjoin that of Æschylus, in his Agamemnon, who says,

patterns upon them, as the word pictus always denoles, at which communicates a picturesque beauty to

when applied to any article of dress.) It is remarkable, Test. Of the abovenamed shrubs, the hazel is

Ab me! ah me! the nightingale's sweet lot!

that though there is only one colour in the vat or cauldron, as yet in leaf; the scattered leaves of the wood

A sweet existence that lamenteth not;

it produces several different colours in the garment, being la 'dull purplish green, are fully spread; the and part of a beautiful ode to this charming songster, by changed according to the properties of the drug which re. a blossom, offering a pretty but sceniless imitation Mr. CONDOR, from his volume entitled the “ Star in the ceives it ; nor can it be afterwards removed by washing." veet hawthorn-bloom that is to come next month; | East, and other Poems," lately published.

The two following passages also seem to relate to the same er is now vigorously putting forth its crisp and

art. Apuleius, (lib. xi.) speaking of a person who was filigree-work of tender green, tipped with red;

Thou sad! whose heart such love discloses !

initiated into the rites of Isus, describes him as standing glantine, or wild rose, in all its innocent varieties,

Thou, spring's gay courtier! Thou, the rose's

before the image of the goddess-" byssina quidem, sed g its green hands as if to welcome the sun. En.

Fond paramour in foreign bowers

floride depicta veste conspicuus.” Dionysius Periegetes, e little copse which this inclosure separates from

Though, in this Christian land of ours,

a Greek metrical geographer, has a passage relating to the ow, we shall tind, on the ground, all the low and

Thou dost so sweetly preach, in sooth,

Seres (supposed to be a people of Eastern Tartary) to the plants pushing forth their various-shaped leaves

Of nuptial bliss and wedded truth,

following effect :-" They card the produce of the upins, blades, fingers, fringes, and a score of other

In notes that seem to tell its blisses

cultivated land, and fabricate variegated and costly gar. brus; and some of them bearing flowers: among

In set-to-music kisses.

ments, resembling in colour the flowers of the meadows." } the wood-anemone, the wood-sorrel, and the

Thy trill, and jug, and gurgling murmur,

The art of inter weaving figures on cloth, by varying the ethlehem; also, the primrose is to be found here,

Now changed to accents louder, former,

arrangement of the warp. was also early practised by the rich and full blown as on the open sunny bank.

Like cuckoo-call; now higher still,

Egyptians. Herodotus (lib. iii. c. 47.) mentions a linen in and level with our hands and eyes, we find all

In lark-like strain or whistle shrill,

cuirass or breastplate, sent by King Amasis to the La. 5 forest-trees (except the oak) in a kind of half.

Responsive to thy lady-mate;

cedemonians, with many figures of animals woven into it; nong these are conspicuous the graceful birch,

(For who but she che voice can own,

adding, as a thing extraordinary, that each thread of is, its head like a half-shamefaced, half-affected

Which doth so sweetly iterate

though apparently slender, was composed of three hundred the trim leech, spruce as a village gallant dressed

That same wild, touching monotone ,

threads, all distinctly visible.Manchester Guardian.


that the Corporation intend establishing two schools, for now successfully practised and promulgated in

the gratuitous instruction of the poor, on “the Bell or States, and let me tell S and his friends, that its a LIFTING AT EASTER.

Madras, or, to speak more correctly, the Lancasterian sys- stands as high in American estimation as the R

tem.” That you should be led into this error I am not ; Prebendary of Westminster does in Great Britain A Abont twelve months since, as will be perceived by l at all surprised, for persons much more intimately con- | does not retract the charge, I do hereby challenge him

the date, we were favoured with the following letter. | nected with schools than you profess to be, entertain the prove that the Madras system is not, "correctlr" Something interfered with its appearance at that time,

same opinion. The fact, however, as to the discovery, and ing, the Lancasterian.-lam, Sir, your obedient com and we have kept it in our portfolio of reserve until the

consequently to whom the merit is due, is certain ; for Dr. and, were I at home, I would date this Washington present season. This day's Kaleidoscope will appear | Bell matured his discovery, and published an epitome of 13, 1825.

AMERICAN just during the season of the absurd practice complained the system, before Mr. Lancaster ever had the least idea of by our correspondent.

Miss Foote in Liverpool.-Two attractive concerts of such a plan.

last of the season) are announced for this evening (N TO THE EDITOR.

The system was discovered at MADRAS, in the East day) and to-morrow (Tuesday) at which the SIR,-In an age like the present, in such a country as

Indies, and acted upon there for upwards of seven years, | Miss Foote, and several distinguished singers, will England, where, in almost every class of society, refinewith the most complete success.” Ill health at length A great variety of favourite music will be performed

there is no doubt that Mr. Wilson will be bebound by ment of manners has attained so general an ascendancy

compelled the Doctor to return to his native country, over the uncultivated manners and brutal customs of for." where he published his discovery in 1797. Some time after

crowded audiences.--See adv. mer times, it has surprised many others, in common with the publication of this pamphlet, and not till Dr. Bell had

introduced the system into several schools both in London myself, that a custom, which stills prevails amongst us,

To Correspondents. should be countenanced and tolerated, which is of itself and the country, Mr. Lancaster opened one in the Borough

SECLUDED CEMETERIES.-It is our custom, when Imatroda as disgraceful as it is ridiculous and absurd. I allude to road, on the same principle, but varying the practices in

any valuable engraving into one of our publicatis, the practice of what is denominated “ lifting,” which is

inated lifting. " which is some immaterial points. From this then arises Mr. Lan it a place also in the other; and in conformity annually celebrated on Easter Monday and Tuesday ;

caster's claim to originality of invention. Mr. L. desig practice, we have copied from the Mercury te descript the privilege of the former day being claimed by the men nating his plan by his own name, and as he acted upon

and representation of the Low-hill General Ceuery, to

ther with some original remarks upon funeral to lift the women, and that of the latter day vice versa. the principle of mutual tuition, induced many people to

in various ages and countries. The subject is a The practice of the former dav is, however, gradually sub. imagine it an entirely new discovery and different system ;

interesting; and we are glad to perceive that siding, and has become almost obsolete, whilst that of the whereas, as I have observed before, the principles were

like that just finished in Liverpool, are either in ired

ness, or in contemplation, in various parts of the latter is observed in many cases with indecency and out- precisely the same, the practices only varying. Mr. Lanrage. I consider it necessary here to state, that the class caster himself, in the several editions of his " Improve Whenever they become more general, the changes

hailed as important, in a moral and national punt de of women engaged in this unjustifiable frolic is chiefly of men úniustifiable frolic is chiefly of ments in Education," published in 1803 and 1805, pub.

and these retired and picturesque places of sepulta the lowest description. who. being asseinbled in com. licly acknowledges his obligations to Dr. Bell as the au

visited by many reflecting persons, wbo, is

churchyards, would be subject to every species panies, lie in ambusb until they observe some one suitable | thor of the system.

| for their prey, generally a person of genteel appearance,

and annoyance, totally at variance with the in Dr. Bell, therefore, is not indebted to Mr. Lancaster for

that contemplation which a visit to the mansios whom they chase, and, in the event of overtaking, attack the discovery, nor indeed for any subsequent impi

dead is so peculiarly calculated to inspire. Tud remonie. Unless the person assailed comes to their though it must be allowed he owes him much for intro

follow up the article in the present Kaleidoscope, terms, by making them some gratuity, they lay hands ducing it to public notice; for had it not been for Mr. others on the subject of interment in crowded

have also in reserve a letter from Philoteet, on the on him, toss him in the air, and otherwise abuse him : Lancaster's itinerant lectures the merits of the system 80 that, if he do not escape them, be must either subwould not, perhaps, have been known, as it is, in the pre

ject. mit to be imposed upon. or else be rendered obnoxious sent day. For, to the most numerous and highly re- | Good FRIDAY being always with our printers a bold.

somewhat disconcerted our arrangements for the as an object of diversion to the surrounding mob. I have spectable auditory, his discourse was extremely tiresome, |

week. heard of several gentlemen who have been exposed to this attempting to entertain them with an interview which he unpleasant situation ; and being myself a njan of business, an of business. bad had with his most gracious Majesty, King George the THE BELL AND LANCASTER SYSTEMS. We have inter

our preceding columns two letters upon the subjek who am daily called in those neighbourhoods where these Third, how the King complimented him, and what com

rival pretensions and comparative merits of Dr. gangs assemble, I had, to day, to congratulate myself on pliments he returned ; by which people found that his

Joseph Lancaster; and we have in reserre another the possession of a swift pair of heels, which exempted system was one of self-praise and egotism, rather than a

by s. who awards the palm of priority to Dr. Be me from being in a similar dilemina; and I can siate, regular well digested plan of instruction, and consequently

letter shall be given next week, and if one of the

who addressed himself originally to the Nat1 from good authority, that some of these parties carry the began to turn their attention to something more rational |

happen to see the Kaleidoscope, we trust be w point so far as to obtrude themselves into merchants' and more likely to carry into effect the great design of na.

credit for impartiality on this occasion. offices with impunity. Our worthy chief magistrates have tional education. And we need no stronger proof of the rendered essential service to those inhabitants who reside superiority of the Madras system, than the decided pre- | MUSICAL CRITICISM.—We regret that the letter of W on the outskirts of the east end of the town, and to the ference which is given it, in its almost universal adoption not arrive until it was too late for insertion this weed

shall have a place in our next. community at large, by abolishing that resort of disor by every denomination of Christians. Of its real utility derly persons, so properly called Folly Fair, where vice there can be but one opinion ; and I verily believe it is the HAMILTONIAN SYSTEM.-We have seen the pamphlet 4

subject, to which a correspondent alludes, anders and immorality waved their banners, and disseminated commencement of that glorious era, and the means by

lose sight of it. their pernicious effects through juvenile circles, and I which the “knowledge of the Lord shall cover the earth,

he waters cove

The lines on the death of Mr. S have been mis think it highly necessary that their interference should cause the custom of lifting to be annihilated, it being

Yours, &c.

have no doubt that they will be found within

trouble. certainly amenable to the laws. I, therefore, beg to re

January 13, 1825. commend to them the propriety of giving, in due season, To effect this, Dr. Bell's discoveries were particularly

Doctor Timothy Twist shall be introduced to our

week. annual public notice, denouncing such punishments applicable. against all offenders in future, as che grievances here

GYMNASIA.—We shall address a note to J. in T DE complained of may require.-By inserting this in your


Chiunque shall hear from us next week. valuable miscellany, many will be obliged to you, but SIR, I am just arrived from the United States, and none more so than REFORMER. am forced to declare a goose-quill war against a crooked


beginning "One day as Old Neptune," st. are resa Liverpool, April 20, 1824. little scribe in last Wednesday's Liverpool Courier. This

our next.
little dwarf (the black dwarf, for all I know, from Madras)
steps forward, on the public stage, under the serpentine

We have further to acknowledge S-s, A Friend, and THE BELL AND LANCASTER SYSTEMS. | form of the nineteenth letter of the alphabet (S.) His

Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAJI attack on the well-earned fame of Mr. Lancaster is comTO THE EDITOR.

E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord-street, Liver SIR, -As an admirer of Dr. Bell's system of instruc. menced by ringing new changes on the great Bell of

Sold also by J. Bywater & Co. Pool-lane; Evans. tion, and professing to have a practical knowledge of its Sherburne Hospital. In this age of reason, I wonder

and Hall, Castle-st.; T.Smith, Paradise-st... principles, and of course not unacquainted with its history, I any person can be found so unreasonable as to attempt to

Public Library, Lime-street; E. Willan. Blan I take the liberty of requesting your insertion of the fol. lessen the universal estimation, so justly due to the cele.

M. Smith, and Stationer, Richmans

The Lancasterian system is M. Walker, Milliner, Tea-dealer, and Station lowing remarks, in order to correct an assertion in the brated Joseph Lancaster.

Mount Pleasant; Wm. Freer, 56, Byrom-strerti Mercury of last week.

Dr. Bell is Master of Sherburne Hospital, Durham, and J. Lowthian, Library, 3, Great In your report of the Council proceedings it is stated, Prebendary of Westminster.

ready money only.

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Literary and scientific Atirror.


SE familiar Miscellany, from whichreligiousand politicalmatters are excluded, containsa varietyof originalandselected Articles: comprehending Literature, Criticism Men and Mannrs, musement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c.&c. forming a handsome Annual pkure, withan Index and Title-page.--Itscirculation rendersit a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements.-Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents.

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Natural History.

can have been more than two on each side in use at the Finally, the name animal of the Ohio, which is the most

came time. There are, indeed, found in the jaw-bones of admissible, was not, however, quite suitable, since the LETTERS

young animals, the germs of the sixteen teeth, which Bufo mastodonte is found, not only upon the shores of this river, ON THE REVOLUTIONS OF THE GLOBE.

fon supposed them to contain ; but these teeth, like those and in all North America, but also in many parts of the

of the elephant, grew only in succession ; when one of Old Continent. BY M, ALEX. B.

them was worn, and ready to become louse, the tooth be | The name mastodonte, substituted by M. Curier for all La legère couche de vie, qui fleurit à la surface du globe, ne hind it was prepared to penetrate the gum. They thus the former, is derived from two Greek words, expressing sure que du ruineS.--Paris: printed, 1824.

replaced one another, and this animal, like the elephant, the principal characteristic by which this animal may be

finally retained only one tooth on each side ; the number, | distinguished, namely, the forme mamelonnée of its teeth. maiated expressly for the Kaleidoscope from a recent French works

therefore, of its molar teeth, amounted to eight during As you may imagine, Madam, the inhabitants of North youth, and only to four towards the end of life. Con.

America have attached to the fossil mastodontes found in LETTER X.--OF THE MASTODONTES.

sequently the mastodonte, which Buffoon supposed to be their country, notions no less absurd than those to which 'be apimal, known during a long time in France by six or eight times larger than the elephant, did not exceed the fossil elephants of Siberia gave rise among the Rusname of the animal of the Ohio, and called by M. Cuvier the size attained by the fossil elephant.

sians. Some savage nations afirm, that these animals rand mastodonte, bore a very great resemblance to the This conclusion, Madam, is not founded upon mere

existed at a time when the eartb was inhabited by men of

a size proportioned to theirs, and that the Supreme Being 1 elephant, and was contemporary with it. Its race is conjecture. There exist two entire skeletons of mastodon- &

e skeletons of mastodon | destroyed both races with his thunderbolts. extinct, but its bones have been found, as well as tes, for which we are indebted to the zeal of an American The savages of Virginia believed that a troop of these e of the elephant, in the two continents, although naturalist (M. Peale) who, by means of diligent and care- terrible quadrupeds was destroyed by thunderbolts, for b more frequently in North America than elsewhere. ful research, continued during three months, in the places having killed the other animals created for the use of the pare even so rare in the Old World, that M. Cuvier for where he had been informed that some bones of masto. | Indians. They all perished, except the largest male,

which, presenting its head to the thunderbolts, shook them ig time doubted whether or not they had really been dontes had lately been discovered, succeeded in completing

off, as they fell upon it; but having, at length, been d there. them.

wounded in the side, it fled towards the great lakes, where he grand mastodonte must have lived at the same time Towards the middle of the last century, the first notion it remains concealed till this day." the elephant lived, since its bones are almost always began to be entertained in France, respecting the existence Thus, Madam, the savages of America appear to have i mixed with those of the latter animal. Its general of the mastodonte. A French officer, who was sailing fallen into the same error respecting the size of the mastowrance and form were the same, with the exception of in the river Ohio, towards the Mississipi, found, on the donte, by whi

nd, on the donte, by which our Buffon was misled; with this differslight differences ; its body, for instance, was longer, edges of a marsh, a heap of bones, which appeared to him

ence, that their conclusion was not, like his, the result of

long and laborious reasoning. One advantage, possessed its limbs somewhat thicker. Its tusks, and, most exceedingly curious. He collected a part of them, in

by the ignorant over the learned, is, that they are deceived ibly, its trunk, were similar to those of the elephant. order to submit them to the inspection of some naturalist, at the expense of less trouble. e mastodonte differed, however, very perceptibly from and brought to Paris a thigh bone, the extremity of a 1 The form of the teeth of the mastodonte, which are more lephant in the form of its molar teeth, which consti- tusk, and three molar teeth, which he supposed to have

a molar teeth, which consti. I tusk, and three molar teeth, which he supposed to have similar to the teeth of the hippopotamus than to those of the distinctive characteristic of its organization. belonged to an unknown animal.

I any other animal, leads us to suppose that this animal. form is, in fact, more rectangular, although in dif. Daubenton, who examined them, declared that the

like the hippopotamus, preferred for its food roots, and the

other pulpous parts of vegetables. This sort of nourish. degrees, and they present upon the surface of their thigh bone and the tusk belonged to an elephant, but that

ment, without doubt, attracted it to soft and marshy s large tuberosities, rounded at the extremities, and the molar teeth were those of an hippopotamus :-“ It ground, and to the edges of rivers. Nevertheless, it was, ed in pairs, to the number of eight or ten, according cannot be supposed,” says he, "that these teeth, and this

as well as the hippopotamus, a terrestrial animal, as it was species. This form is so peculiar, and so easily re- tusk were taken from the same head, or that they both

not formed to swim. The species of mastodonte men.

tioned above, and designated by the name great mastoed, that no one can be mistaken in it, who has once constituted part of the skeleton to which the thigh belonged;

donte, is not the only one yet known; there exists an. Dexample of it, whether the tuberosities be still per- | in that case, the unknown animal would have had tusks other species, distinguished by strongly.marked charac.

their rounded extremities worn away by mastica- like those of the elephant and molar teeth, like those of teristics, namely, the mastodonte with narrow teeth, whose These teeth are not at all similar to those of car. the hippopotamus."

remains abound in America, particularly near Santa us animals. Among the herbivorous animals knowo The existence of this animal, which was at first disputed

Fé de Bogota. Fossil bones of this animal are often the hippopotamus most resembles the mastodonte | by Daubenton, was soon afterwards admitted by Buffon, Giants, and have, without doubt, given rise to popular

found in a place in this country, called the Camp of the form of its teeth.

then by Daubenton himself, and, finally, by all the natu- traditions, whence the place derives its name. This speon, who was the first to advance, in his Epoques de ralists of the time. The discovery of the fossil bones of cies, more often than that of the great mastodonte, is ure, that the teeth of the mastodonte were found in the mastodonte was the first circumstance hy which nam. I found buried under the rema 1 World (before his time none had been found, ex- ralists were led to conclude, that there must formerly have

The bones of the mastodonte with narrow teeth, are North America) was led into error respecting the been species in existence, now entirely extinct.

much more rare than those of the great mastodonte; of the animal to which they had belonged. Having

the large bones of its skeleton there is, at Paris, only This animal was first called by naturalists, animal of lone tibia, brought from the Camp of the Giants, by M. d that these teeth were of a square form, and not the Ohio, elephant, and mammoth of the Ohio, from the de Humboldt, and much mutilated at all its angles : roportioned in length to the size of the jaw-bone, name of the place where it was first discovered.

according to this single bone, it appears that the masto. gined that they must have been numerous. “Let All these names are, as yo

you will nerseite. impronary | donte, with narrow Leelh, had much shorter legs than the jose,” says he, “that there were only six, or even applied to the mastodonte.

great mastodonte. Teach side. How enormous must have been the That of elephant of the Ohio is not suitable, because the

| Several teeth, smaller than all the others, two of which,

be found in Europe, must have belonged to animals of the ontaining at least sixteen molar teeth, weighing animal is not an elephant.

genus of the mastodonte, have led M. Cuvier to suggest nor twelve pounds." The tooth, which was in his The term mammoth is equally improper, since mammoth that four other species might be added to the two preceed. ion, is preserved in the Museum, and weighs eleven is the name appropriated by the Russians to the fossil ele. ing. He proposes that they should be distinguished by four ounces; it is one of the largest ever seen. phant of their country.

the following names ;-mastodonte des Cordilières, masD, however, was not misled by the weight of these | The name carnivorous elephant, sometimes given to the

todonte llumboldien, petit mastodonte, mastodonte tapi.

roide; the latter would belong to the species whose reout by their supposed considerable number. He mastodonte, is the most unfit of all, because it owes its

mains have been found in Europe. od that the jaw-bone of the full grown animal con-origin to two erroneous opinions, the animal being neither An almost complete skeleton of a mastodonte with nar. sixteen teeth, whereas it does not appear that there an elephant, nor carnivorous.

ror teeth, has lately been dug up in Tuscany.

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glory, if we are found faithful. The prospect of death while it awakens among thinking men an anxious solid tude concerning the state of the soul, when that era change shall have taken place, has frequently led then also to make a careful provision for the temporary disposa of their bodies, till the morning of the resurrection site awake them to new life. And such solicitude, shen arises from right principles, is, undoubtedly, praisen or It is lamentable to behold the state of cemeteries of lol standing in large and populous towns; for, in addiuca the really painful emotions which (with all the cared those who have the charge of them) are daily experiezen by the vast numbers who necessarily pass by them, then are so totally devoid of that privacy and retirement which in meditating among the tombs, have often nutributed tal soothe the mind in seasons of affliction; that the closed of them up for the future, and providing suitable cacle sures for the solemn purpose of intermetit, bagod er limits of such towns, becomes highly desirable. Calenta influence of this train of thought, I have oiten felt Tere than ordinary satisfaction, on viewing the progress of a work of this kind at the outskirts of our own town, which I understand, is now completed, and which s ved adapted to remedy the evils so long complained d The neat and orderly manner in which the ground is izdel to be laid out, and to be preserved, will render it a plastik and beneficial resort for the serious and contempleng undisturbed by the busy hum of men, and replek te solemn mementos of the uncertainty of the present *

There is one part of the arrangement which I carte plate with much satisfaction :-That part of the which is to be disposed of in square portions, at the mity, for family places of interment, will afford ako dant scope for architectural taste and genius, tawy hitherto I believe unpractised in England. It als been the custom in Scotland, where such portis been allotted to purchasers, around the boundaried! cemeteries, to inclose them in a small building and without a roof) according to the taste of the reape proprietors; having an entrance in front, and the man 80 managed that it appears to conceal the roof.

A taste for architecture has, of late, been vid tended, and many beautiful and appropriate designs be formed for this interesting purpose, from the and Grecian remains in particular, as well as fra Gothic style. Many of these already exist in Sonda and to prevent depredations, they are covered (1 0001 lect) with open iron work. Should this saggestina be proved, I will, on a future occasion, point out, as far a seription will avail, some peculiarly appropriate da In the mean time, in great haste,

I remain, Sir, your humble servasi, Liverpool, March 30, 1825. PAILOTECT

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ON CHURCHYARDS. Ko We are indebted to the Proprietor of the Manchester Gazelte for the loan of the above vignette of the new beau.

| In Warwickshire, and within the circuit of its

" | round Warwick itself, are very many small tiful Church of St. Matthew, Camp Field, of which C. Barry, Esq. is the architect. It appeared in a late number hamlet churches, each surrounded by its lowl okk) of the Guzette, together with the following items:

green graves, and grey head stones; the churches Ft. In

the most part, separated only by a sunk fence and Height of the Spire ..........

182 0

railing from the little sheltered grass-plot of a Length of the Church, from the east end to the front of the west elevation... 1390

rectory, the casements of which generally front Length of the Church exclusive of the arcade and vestibule........................

east window of the church. I like this prosimy Breadth ..............


pastor's dwelling to his Master's house; nap, of the Height of the roof, froin the middle aisle to the centre of the nave groin......

of the living to the sanctuary of the dead. It seem The Church, which is calculated to hold nearly 2000 persons, is now wearly finished, and is expected to be opened | lo remove in part the great barrier of separadores in two or three months. The spire above the clock is in a style of light and airy elegance, to which our engraving

the two worlds. The end of life, it is true, lics dues not do justice. The interior of the Church is also extreinely creditable to the taste and judgment of the architect.

the end of this life, with all its hosts of radities at bations; but immediately from thence we step

threshold of the holy place, before the gates of SEQUESTERED BURIAL-PLACES.

commissioned angel stands with a flaming Skotu, templations are equally called forth by the fact, which is our entrance to the tree of life. It would seem 40 (Continued from our last.]

on that day commemorated, of the Redeemer of the world thus abiding, as it were, under the very shadoss

| having made a voluntary sacrifice of himself in our stead; sacred walls, and within sight of man's last earthy TO THE EDITOR. by the humiliating conviction, that but for that stupendous place, I should feel, as in a charmed crcle, we

from the power of evil influences than if exposed SIR,-You have justly observed in your last Mercury, event we should never have attained to the light and bless

assaults on the great open desert of the busy Tur that the ensuing day of your publication in the present week ings which we now enjoy; and by the undoubted certainty I came abraptly (in my evening walk, you knar is well adapted to excite serious thoughts; and such con- that we ourselves shall also die, though with the hope of a small church, and burial-ground, and rectory,

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