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Trembled, watched, and laboured stlu Overflowing chests to fiul. Heedless of the terrors dread, Age suspended o'er my head, Which at last has aimed its blow And has crushed its victim low. So have I my circuit run, So must all beneath the sun; All are fated to endure Seeming joys and sorrow sure; All oppressed by woeful fate Shall this dismal tale relate; Let it thy compassion claim, Men shall hear thee tell the same.
A DIALOGUE BETWEEN VIGINTI AND NONAGINTA
"Alternis igitur contendere versibus ambo Cæpére." _Virgil.
We have in store some most interesting notices of ol native town and its vicinity, which we intend to introdu occasionally, under the head Liver. We cannot commen more appropriately than with the following article :
RECOLLECTIONS OF LIVERPOOL
Were she in her early prime,
VIGINTI. Who art thou with wrinkled face, Shivering limbs and sluggish pace, Hoary hair as white as snow Thinly scattered o'er thy brow, Shading many a furrow there, Evidence of age and care? Scarcely can thy feet sustain Feeble limbs that move in pain; Scarcely can thy trembling hand, Guidance of thy crutch command; Weak thine arm and dim thy sight, Long thy day has turned to night, Night of sorrow, too, and pain, Attendants sure in Age's train. Oft I see thee heave a sigh, As the tear burts from thine eye; And thy hand, with action weak, Strives to dash it from thy cheek. Man of woe! I pity thee, And bewail thy misery.
NONAGINTA. Drop not thou a tear for me, I will rather weep for thee; Thou hast yet the path to tread, On by hope delusive led. She awhile may gild the skies; Sorrow's storms shall soon arise; I have crossed this vale of tears, And my resting-place appears: Where no seeming joys deceive, Where no fickle pleasures grieve, Where the mourner's surely blessed, And the" weary are at rest."
VIGINTI. Hast thou then no tears to shed At the thoughts of what has filed? Canst thou leave this smiling earth, Scene of joy and cheerful mirth, For the dull and dreary gloom Of the dark and chilling tomb? Canst thou, with unmoistened eye, See the hand of death so nigh, Mark his progress with a prayer, Meet his grasp without a fear?
1347_In the year 1347, when the whole naval power
England was assembled before Calais one ve
nished 421 ships and 905 men. 1566-About the year 1566, a Mr. Sekerston was chos
a member for the Borough of Liverpool, and allowed two shillings per day for his service; 1 it was who advised to petition Queen Elizabe! to remit the taxes and subsidies which were the levied, which she did, as the town was then at i
lowest ebb. 1636.-King Charles's illegal exaction of Ship mode
Liverpool was rated £25, Chester, £26, Brist 1656-Pool-lane, called Liverpool-lane, leading to Par
lane. | 1663–Ordered, “That no more Boats be built in Fr
lane,” now Whitechapel | 1680- A ferry-boat used for passengers at the bottom
Lord-street, and Sir Thomas's-buildings, and
bridge at the bottom of Pool-lane and School-lat 1690-King William III. attended by Prince George
Denmark, the Duke of Ormond, the Earls Oxford, Portland, Scarborough, Manchester, left London the 4th June, visited Liverpool the 11th, embarked his army, then encamped Wallasea Leasowes, and on the 19th arrived Carrickfurgess in Ireland, previous to the bar
of the Boyne. 1699—Liverpool made a distinct parish from Walton
ever. 1700—The two Rectors for the parish first appointed.
Old Dock made, the Ship Mulberry the first res
that entered it, 8th June.. - The Rev. Robert Styth appointed the first Rect
died in 1715. - The Rev. William Atherten appointed Rector, di
in 1708. 1704–The Parish Church of St. Peter consecrated. 1721-A very high tide, the congregation of St. Pete
obliged to be taken from the church in boats. 1745—The first Regiment of Royal Liverpool Blues rali
648 men, expense £4859; the Corporation 4 scribed £2000, the remainder raised by subscri
tion. 1770-In 1770 the then Collector, John Colquitt, El
said “How happy shall I be, when the Custot of Liverpool amount to 100,000 per annum they were at that time, betwixt £80,000 a
£90,000 per annum. 1823, Grous amount of the Customs of Li1822, Ditto,
1784-10 1784 an American vessel imported 8 bags of cot that if an Englishman write it in English, a Frenchman, garbled extract, and should have been as follows: “If passen.
con into Liverpool, which were seized by one of Italian, Spaniard, Irish, Welsh, being scholars ; yea Gro gers have used, time out of mind, when the roads are bad, to his Majesty's Officers of the Customs, as suppos- cian or Hebrean shall as perfectly understand it in their
go by outlets on the land adjoining to a highway, in an open ing they were not of the growth of America: in own tongue, as if they were perfect English, distinguishing
field, such outlets are parcel of the highway, and, therefore, 1823 there were imported into Liverpool froin the the verbs from nouns, the numbers, tenses, and cases as United States of America 409,670 bags of cotton. properly expressed in their own language as it was written
if they are sown with corn, and the tract founderous, the 1793— In May, 1793 died Mrs. Ann Coore, 86 years old, in English.
King's subjects may go upon the corn.” Now this is a case of who, when a very young girl, remembered the
33.-A NEEDLE ALPHABET.
extreme and absolute necessity, and of an obstruction, occur. bottom part of King-street (then called the Com. To write with a needle and thread, white, or any colour
ring on the King's highway, and does not at all apply to those mon Shore, now Paradise-street) a corn field. upon white, or any other colour, so that one stitch shall
roads which have been made over the private property of in. 1794-Before the year 1794, Bristol always took the lead significantly shew any letter, and as readily and as easily as the second port in this kingdom, the next to shew the one letter as the other, and fit for any language.
dividuals, for the sake of convenience, and the saving of time London : in 1794 Mr. Pitt's Bill for manning
34.-A KNOTTED STRING-ALPHABET.
and distance. If the King's highway is, from any cause, renthe Navy, provided that each port should provide to write by a knotted silk string, so that every knot dered impassable, it is for the general good that people should so many men, according to the quantity of Fo- shall signify any letter with comma, full point, or interro- be privileged to pass in another line, but I apprehend the reiga tonnage for the year 1793, Bristol provided | gation, and as legible as with pen and ink upon white
same principle will not, in all cases, extend to private ways, 666, Liverpool provided 1711, which she raised in paper. 6 weeks, and offered to procure 500 men more,
35.-A FRINGE ALPHABET.
which are not ways of necessity but of convenience: and in order if the embargo would be taken off her port, which The like by the fringe of gloves.
to convince you that I have some just grounds for doubting offer was refused.
36.-A BRACELET ALPHABET.
upon this point, I will give you another quotation from the Vessels.
before-mentioned author. “If one grants a way, and after1615-Liverpool bad 24
By stringing of bracelets.
462 1823– 9507 1,010,819 average of each
37.-A PINCK'D GLOVE ALPHABET.
wards digs trenches in it, to my hindrance, I may fill them up Fessel 117 tons. By pinck'd gloves.
again. But if a way which a man has becomes not passable. 38.-A SIEVE ALPHABET.
or becomes very bad, by the owner of the land tearing it up By holes in the bottom of a sieve. The 301ænir.
with his carts, so that the same be filled with water, yet he 39.-A LANTHORN ALPHABET.
who has the way, cannot dig the ground to let out the water,
By a lattin or plate lanthorn. A Century of the Names and Scantlings of such Inventions
for he has no interest in the soil. But in such a case he may
40.-AN ALPHABET BY THE SMELL. es at prescat I can call to mind to have tried and perfected
bring his action against the owner of the land, for spoiling By the smell. (which, my former Notes being lost) I have, at the in
the way, or perhaps, (mark the expression), he may go out of stance of a powerful Friend, endeavoured now, in the
41.-BY THE TASTE. By the taste.
the way, upon the land of the wrong doer, as near to the bad voor 1655, to set these down in such a way as may suffi.
42.-BY THE TOUCH.
way as he can. Where a private way is spoiled by those who cieruiy instruct me to put any of them in practice, By the touch.
have a right to pass thereon, and not through the default of THE AUTHOR THE MARQUIS OF WORCESTER.
By these three senses as perfectly, distinctly, and unconfusedly, yea as readily as by the sight. ?
the owner of the land, it seems that they who have the use Continued from our last.) 43.--A VARIATION OF ALL AND EACH OF TUESE.
and benefit of the way, ought to repair it, and not the owner 23.-AN EBBING AND FLOWING CASTLE-CLOCK. | How to vary each of these, so that ten thousand may
of the soil, unless he is bound thereto, by custom or special To set a clock in a castle, the water filling the trenches
| know them and yet keep the understanding part from any about it; it shall show, by ebbing and flowing, the hours,
agreement." but their correspondent. minutes, and seconds, and all the comprehensible mo.
The discussion of this question first arose on an attempt
[To be continued. tides of the heavens, and the counterlibration of the earth,
being made to stop up a road over private property, in the viaccording to Copernicus.
cinity of this place; and to this point I shall confine myself. 24.-A STRENGTH-INCREASING SPRING.
Gbit Chat. How to increase the strength of a spring to such a
" A man may have a way, either by prescription, custom, height, as to shoot bumbasses and bullets of an hundred The following curious specimens of orthography are
usage, or grant;" and, as far as I am able to collect, it appears pound weight å steeple height, and a quarter of a mile off furnished by a correspondent. The first is posted on the certain, that, where a foot path has been used, time out of and more, stone-bowwise, admirable for fire-works and door of an empty cottage at Pigs Lee, the second is exhi- mind, it cannot be stopped up; but it is another question astonishing of besieged cities, when without warning given bited in a window at Moorside, and the third is seen in (quite distinct from that of a public highway) whether, in case by noise they find themselves so forcibly and dangerously Bolton-street, all in Bury:
of a private way becoming, from floods or any other cause. surprised.
To Leet If you wish To No Anè Ferdr in teleganse you 25.- DOUBLE-DRAWING ENGINE FOR WEIGHTS. most Im Ply to James Lees of Bure Standle Street.
impassable, the public can justify beating out another for How to make a weight that cannot take up an hundred Traikel bear Sould Hear.
their temporary convenience; for it is not a good justification pound, and yet shall take up two hundred pound, and at Split banes gud whots un proim ficches.
in trespass that the defendant has a specific right of way over the self-same distance from the centre; and so proportion
the plaintiff's land, and that he had gone upon the adjoining
The following lately appeared as an advertisement in the ably to millions of pounds. Wexford Herald:
land, because the way was impassable, by being overflowed 26.-A TO AND FRO LEVER.
CAUTION.-I caution the public in general not to by a river. Taylor v. Whitehead, Doug. 746, 4 Ma. and Sell To raise weight as well and as forcibly with the drawing give credit to Eliza Field, on my Account, as she has 387. back of the lever as with the thrusting it forwards; and already destroyed my character and Credit-put me to
It however appears quite clear, that “if there be a by that means to lose do time in motion or strength. This
common foot way, through a close, by prescription, and the goal, and publicly denies me to be her husband, and goes I say in the arcenal at Venice. by her former name, Eliza Elmes, widow, and bonnet
owner of the close ploughs up the way, and sows it, and lays 27.-A MOST EASY LEVEL DRAUGAT. maker, in Waterford, now in Wexford.-- Therefore I am
thorns at the side of it, passengers may go over another footA way to remove to and fro huge weights with a most determined not to pay any debts she may formerly have way, in the same close, without being trespassers ;" for here inconsiderable strength from place to place. For example, contracted, or any debts she now hus or will contract. is, at once, a complete appropriation of property, to a private led top, with ten pounds, and less; the said ten pounds
"E. FIELD." purpose, in and to which the public had gained, and enjoyed lot to fall lower then it makes the ten ton to advance or Etreat upon a level.
Short Commons.-At a shop window in the Strand, a prescriptive right. Upon this principle, therefore, I take
there appears the following notice :-"Wanted, two ap- it, that a road, so left open to, and made use of by, the public; 28.-A PORTABLE BRIDGE. A bridge portable in a cart with six horses, which in a prentices, who shall be treated as one of the family.”
for a considerable length of time, without any act done by ex hours time may be placed over a river half a mile The following is from a late Boston newspaper : the owner of the soil, to denote its being a mere road on sufBread, whereon, with much expedition, may be transported “Wanted, at this office, two Devils, of good moral cha. ferance, and liable to be closed up whenever he might think arse, foot, and cannon.
proper to do so, becomes a right of road, absolutely and irre 29.-A XOVEABLE FORTIFICATION
vocably vested in the public for ever. This Question is one A portable fortification, able to contain five hundred
of general importance, and one upon which I should much Fighting men, and yet in six hours time may be set up; and made capnon-proof, upon the side of a river or pass,
wish to have the views of some of your legal correspondents.
OF THOROUGHFARES OVER PRIVATE PROPERTY. with cannon mounted upon it, and as complete as a regular
In conclusion, it may be well to avail myself of the opporErtificacion, with half-moons and counter scarps.
TO THE EDITOR..
tunity the subject affords, to caution all those, who are in 80.-A RISING BULWARK. A way in one nights time to raise a bulwark twenty or SIR,—In consequence of some attempts lately made in this the habit of frequenting the roads in question, to confine irty foot high, cannon-proof, and cannon mounted upon neighbourhood, to deprive the public of the benefit of some themselves strictly within the limits assigned them, and not, b with men to overlook, coinmand, and batter a town; of those convenient footpaths, which have been enjoyed | as is too often the case, wantonly abuse and injure the adthougb it contain but four pieces, they shall be able to
by his Majesty's liege subjects “from time whereof the me- joining property, and the crops growing thereon. They harge two hundred bullets each hour.
mory of man runneth not to the contrary," it is my intention should recollect, that they are in the enjoyment of a very 31.-AN APPROACHING BLIND.
to trouble you with a few observations on the law of the case. great convenience, which without a due regard to that golden A way how safely and speedily to make an approach to Castle or towo-wall, and over the very ditch at noon day. In the Mercury a week or two ago, some extracts were rule of "doing unto others, as we would they should do 32.-AN UNIVERSAL CHARACTER.
given from Jacob's Law Dictionary, which, I suppose, were unto us,” may prove very detrimental to the interest of the How to compose an uriversal character, methodical and intended to bear upon the subject, but which, with one ex land owner, and the welfare of the industrious husbandman. *sy to be written, yet intelligible in any language; so'ception, are wholly inapplicable. One of them, also, is a Liverpool.
| merits. Then we have had, besides, The Mountaineers,
Bell Stratagem, The Rivuls, Tuclfth Night, together
with Man and Wif, -and all in vain; verily there must
VIVE LA BAGATELLE.
beyond our "In order to employ one part of this life in serious and importa divination,
occupations, it is necessary to spend another in mere ama "'Tis true, 'tis pity;
Johx LOCKE. And pity 'tis, 'tis true.”
"There is a time to laugh and a time to weep."-SOLOMON. This week, doubtless, things will be very different. We have a Lilliput Shylock announced, and shall probably be
We last week inserted eleven different modes of giti entertained also with Richard in swaddling clothes. Be. change for a guinea in twenty one pieces, of the coin lıke, too, Falstaff, emerging from his cradle, awaits the realm, without using any silver. We have been our admiration; the pretty little baby, Sir John, will a little surprised at a note subsequently received from surely take prodigiously, being in reality an “INFANT correspor PRODIGY."' Miss Clara Fisher is forthcoming, and in 1
correspondent, who signs Pennywise, containing no fer her portentous train all that's wond'rous in this world of than forty modes of accomplishing the problem. In fa wondermcnt! Open wide your gaping mouths, ye pretty there seems to be no end to ringing the changes. masters of the gallery, for an antidote to your late nar- CHANGE FOR A SOVEREIGN, IN TWEXTY PIECI cotic is prepared. " THE INFANT PRODIGY" is at
WITHOUT EMPLOYING SILVER. hand : she at whose birth TO THE EDITOR.
“ The graves stood tenantless, and the sheeted dead TO THE EDITOR,-Permit me to submit the follo SIR,—The feat selected for this week might be explained Did squeak and gibber in the public streets.
ing solution of Alexis's problem of “change for a sor without a figure it is so simple. Standing on the left foot,
—and the moist star,
vereign :" take hold of your right foot with your left hand, then take
Was sick almost to doomsday with eclipse.
1.-Two seven-shilling pieces, eighteen groats...20 hold of your right ear with your right hand, and in this
- at her nativity,
2.-One half-sovereign, one seven-shilling piece, a position, stooping down forwards, raise the hat from the The front of heaven was full of fiery shapes,
groats, twelve-pence...20. floor, holding the rim with your teeth, and swinging back
Of burning cressets; and at her birth,
3.-One half-sovereiga, one seven-shilling piece, eigl The frame and huge foundation of the earth
teen two-penny pieces...20. the head, throw the hat over your shoulder. The latter
Shak'd like a coward."
Perhaps it may be objected, that groats are not curre! part of the trick may be omitted, unless an old cast-off w an old cast-on We were much pleased to see Mr. Browne so warmly wel.
ZINGA. hat be at hand. Yours, &c.
comed amongst us again. He is an old favourite of ours,
Our readers will perceive by the advertisements that th bered in Liverpool with pleasure, so long as there remains
will still have the opportunity for a short time longer e De Brama, on the stage, fops and melo-dramatic villany. He is now
witness the clever and entertaining performances of Mess of the theatre-royal, Drury-lane: we hope, profitably :
Maffey, and of Monsieur Barnet-See adv.
we would be well-pleased could we congratulate him on hav-
always greatiy marred the beauty of bis acting. His visit
to London, however, appears rather to have confirmed | L'HERMITE EN ITALIE.—We have, for one week, suspend « Vespatian, being daub'd with dirt,
him in the practice of them. We allude, more particu. our prepared chapter from this work, in order to allow Was destin'd to the empire fort;
larly, to this gentleman's very resprehensible habit of sub requisite space for Lord Byron's song to his friend Mon And from a scavenger did come
stituting his own puerile enibellishments for the sparkling Mr.Jeffrey's admirable speech on the late Mr. Watt, and I To be a mighty prince in Rome."
gems of his author's dialogue. Mr. Browne must really large engraving of a newly-projected rast, for preservata It is really marvellous how much “ the theatre-royal, pardon our want of taste in prefering the text of Sheridan from shipwreck. Covent-gurden," or the theatre-royal, Drury-lane," adds and others; a misfortune, we conjecture, of which most
The BALL-ROOM, by M. M. shall appear. to the stature of those ladies and gentlemen of whose no other frequenters of the theatre participate. We do not
even to insinuate, much less absolutely aver, that Easine's letter shall have an early place. menclature it forms so important a finish. Nor is it less mean even to insinuate, much less absolutely aver, that astonishing, that gentlemen who were wont to be Mr. Mr. Browne's wit is interior to Sheridan's, but that the lat. |
MR. HAMILTON'S SYSTEM.-The letter of Titlus contains Such-an-one, and ladies who once made their entrances ter is more to our liking; though it is possible, certainly,
argument, and we cannot spare our columns for mere irol and their exits on our boards as unobserved by the audi. we are singular in this respecte ence as does Mrs. Radcliffe, should, in the short interval
"Ad ogni uccello, suo nido e bello."
Timothy Thoughtful's very singular reverie shall be publish of a few months, be metamorphosed into personages of It is said Miss Hammersley hath improved, consider.
for the benefit of those whom it may concern such momentous note, that the extreme breadth of a play-ably, by her excursion to Covent-garden. We dare say bill, six inches wide, can scarcely contain their most she has; but certainly know not in what it is that such The PRIZE POEM recommended by L. W. shall be procul puissant names; especially if the surname happen to be amendment be visible, whether in her person, acting, from some quarter. The name of the writer is a suffice preceded by two or three baptismal initials. Thus, ere or her singing. There was not, perhaps, any opportunity letter of recommendation, long, we presume, the town may anticipate being edi. for melioration ; all may have been previously in a state
| We have just received, but not yet perused, Causticus fied by a respectful” intimation from the managers of perfectibility. Well, be it so ; we shall not gainsay
man-G.W. " that Mr. MERCER, from the theatre-royal, Drury. even this hypothesis. We do say, nevertheless, that she is lane, and Mrs. MORETON," from some other theatre- much the same, in every way, as when last here, having THE COUNCIL OF TEN.-A correspondent wishes us to
insertion to the following doggrels: royal, perhaps, "are engaged for a LIMITED PE. nor advanced nor retrograded. This is our opinion: there are RIOD; and will have the honour of making their first who think otherwise; and they may be right. Of this lady
TO THE SOI-DISANT COUNCIL OF TEN.
Ye surly Decemviri, truce with your sneers, appearance this season," on such an occasion ; " when Miss Cramer has decidedly the advantage in articulation,
Your partial critiques, and your ill-natur'd jeers will be performed"_ROB Roy, for instance. « The as well syllabic as musical. The comparison holds equally
Ye lavish your praise so profusely on one, part of CAPTAIN THORNTON by Mr. MERCER: the in her favour, when viewed with reference to the natural
That the rest of the corps dramatique can have now part of" something else “by Mrs. MORETON;" the unaffected ease of tone and manner which characterize Act fairly, or down from your critical pulpit,
Your conceit is so palpable, people can't gulp it; other actors, Rob himself included, being, of course, per-her songs, but yields as unequivocally to Miss Hammers.
Then attend to my counsel, ye Council of Ten, sonages of no parts at all. Judging, however, from the ley's force and volume of voice, and highly wrought
Don't pester the town with your counsel again. result of recent occurrences, one would conceive such an execution. There were great beauties, with some im. experiment on the public gullibility by no means likely ; | perfections, in Miss Cramer's “ Tyrant I come,” strik Owing to the temporary absence of the editor on Friday though after seeing, as we did last year, MACBETH an- ingly evincing what she could, and what she could part of Saturday, the preconcerted arrangements of
week's publication have been somewhat disturbed. nounced for representation, with “the part of HECATE not accomplish; while the songs assigned to Zelinda, in by Mr. TAYLOR," few things of this kind are calculated The Slave, were given by Miss Hammersley with a la have to regret the postponement for one week, of 5
lines of our excellent correspondent G. also of Leigh 14 to surprise us. Indeed, seeing what we see, and knowing boured vigour quite as inappropriate as Miss Cramer's
Miss Hammersley's is the dig. grave, that we do know, it would not greatly amaze us to be lack of it was glaring
a letter of our Old Correspondent on Puffing-A
teur's character of a Musician; the description of told that we had star sceneshifters, a star prompter, and nified spirit of harmony, pealing upon the ear in strains
eruption of Mount Etna—the note of Duryng-01 Het of high commanding melody, lofty scorn, ennobling pastar every thing; with star managers into the bargain.
E. and B. The celestial galaxy, however, illume not overmuch the thos, or the proud impassioned moan of suffering great. murky lowering peculiar to our northern hemisphere, ness. Miss Cramer's warbling is the exact reverse; equally neither does the orbit of their evolution here, profit very skilful, less artificial, and of more gentle qualities : plain. Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAY, by considerably by their irradiating influence; for though tively touching, occasionally swelling out in soft sorrowing SMIT Hand Co. 75, Lord-street, Liverpool we have, at the present moment, a kind of theatrical mikky- sweetness, and sometimes breathing forth the sad eloquent Sold also by J. Bywater and Co. Pool Jane: Evans, Cheg way, an indifferently good house is seldom seen. What | euphony of despair and woe, enriched with a display of and Halí, Castle-st.: T.Smith. Paradise-st: T. Warbr tasteless dolts the people of Liverpool must be. What! well-cultivated musical attainments. Miss Hammersley
Public Library, Lime-street; E. Willan, Bold-504 insensible alike to the irresistible attractions of Mr. Connor, is the declaimer of song; Miss Cramer the pourtrayer of
M. Smith, Tea-dealer and Stationer, Richmond-rd Mr. Meadows, Mr. Browne, Miss Kelly, and Miss M. deeply-subdued feeling, very susceptible, and of most ex. M. Walker, Milliner, Tea-dealer, and Stationer, Hammersley! All from the metropolitan theatres royal, quisite texture.
Mount Pleasant; B. Gamage, 11, Clarence-street; 1 each a very comet in our planetary system, and yet only
THE COUNCIL OF TEN. J. Lowthian, Library, 3, Great George-piace; a select few are found capable of appreciating their untold' August 2.
ready money only.
part of Saturday, the "sence of the editor on Friday
Literary and Scientific Airror.
“ UTILE DULCI."
familiar Xiseellany, from which religiousand politicalmatters are excluded, containsa varietyof originalandselected Articles: comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners, Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual Volure, with an Iudex and Title-page. Ils circulation renders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements.-Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents,
No. 215.- VOL. V.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1824.
Men and Manners.
price much higher than that of the best butter at Paris. | leagues distant from Pisa, and separated from that town
Neither are the grocers exempt from the charge of adul- by a chain of the Appenines. I think it must have lasted xo. XXIII.
terating their merchandise. I once bought some brown two seconds. Two other shocks immediately succeeded it,
sugar, which, upon boiling it, I discovered to be composed but they were so slight as to be scarcely perceptible. I MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS.
in the proportion of at least a third of white pulverised was told that these were much more marked at Pistoia, marble.
in Tuscany, a town near the Appenines. VRON SHBAITS EN ITALIE, THE LATEST WORK OP M. JOUY. In the removals of tradesmen and peasants, a cross, or The inhabitants of Pisa affirm that these shocks were [Translated expressly for the Kaleidoscope.]
madonna, is always placed in front or at the top of the succeeded by others, on the 15th of the same month at midwaggons which convey their furniture.
night; but as these did not interrupt my sleep, I must deTuscany is computed to contain about sixteen hundred I saw, in a large cupboard, at the house of an old pend upon the veracity of others for the truth of the fact. thousand inhabitants. Formerly every circumstance seemed countess, a tomb, six feet long and two feet broad, con- Very different was the earthquake which took place on to concur to render this country the happiest in Italy. It taining a figure of Christ, guarded by three or four sculp- the 25th of December of the same year, at a quarter be. i related, that, when Montesquieu, on his arrival at Flo- tured soldiers, dressed in the uniforms worn at the time of fore two in the morning. On this occasion, I was sud. merce, vent to pay a visit to the prime minister of the the Passion. This sepulchre was become the object of her denly awoke by the rocking of my bed. The cracking Grand Duke, he found him dressed in a Nankin coat, adoration; and, when she changed her residence, it was. of the furniture, doors, and wainscots gave me warning of seated at the door of his palace, to enjoy the evening breeze. pompously displayed at the top of the cart loaded with her some great commotion, and the clock, near my lodging, Montesquieu wus accompanied by abaughty young French- furniture.
on the opposite shore of the Arno, continued striking for en, who ru much disposed to ridicule this appearance I observed, in the streets of Pisa, numbers of peo. some time. I felt five or six decided shocks, which sucof simplicity in a prime minister. “Learn," said the Pre-ple deprived of the use of their limbs, or afflicted ceeded each other in the course of six seconds. I arose, sident to him, "to judge more correctly of things; do you by rheumatism and other diseases, occasioned by the hastily, and opened the door of my balcony to examine not see that the people must be happy, since the prime extreme dampness which prevails there during a great the state of the sky. The undulation was from the west, trinistet bas nothing to do; and that he must necessarily part of the year. The winter of 1808 was as cold towards the south, under a cloudy sky, partially lighted be s mes of merit, since he does not fear to expose him and as unwholesome as the winter at Paris. As early by the stars. The wind appeared to blow from the north elf to thegaze of the people, divested of external grandeur." as the 15th of December, snow, which is almost as rare west, but the air was so tranquil that I, at first, thought
The Ardo, which tbrows itself into the sea, near Leg. at Pisa as at Naples, fell abundantly during eight days, the clouds stationary. During the next day, there was barn, u four or five miles' distance from Pisa, is the prine and covered the ground to the depth of six inches. Reau. alternate rain and sunshine. It was affirmed, that this cipal river of the grand duchy, and gave its name to the mur's thermometer marked four degrees below zero. The earthquake took place under the sea. The inhabitants of department of which Florence was the chief place. The inhabitants of the country affirmed, that, for forty years, the town were not at all terrified by this phenomenon, beanty of its shores is justly celebrated by all travellers. so cold a temperature had not been known at Pisa, and and, as if accustomed to such events, went singing along It is a tremely favourable to the commerce of the Tuscans that they never remembered baving se
that they never remembered having seen so much snow the streets on their return from noctural mass. Boats, which descend the stream, are conducted by the oar; fall.“ It is the French," said they," who bring us every It is the custom of the populace at Pisa, and I think Eat the eye is often offended by the disgusting spectacle of disaster ; they afflict us with their laws, their fogs, their all over Tuscany, to tie sheets of paper to the backs of men harnessed like cattle to those which pursue a contrary frosts, their ice, and their snow.”
street-passengers on the day of Mid-Lent, to toss them in direction. During the intense heats of summer, these men The poor inhabitants of Pisa sat shivering in their spa blankets, to conduct them through the streets amidst the are seen walking, almost naked, along the parapets, in cious drawing-rooms without ceilings, with a scaldino in rattle of bells, kettles, and shovels, and to shake about the performance of this laborious office. The labourers their hand, their only resource against the cold. The their heads bundles of straw, and lighted brooms. This ate, in general, very lightly clothed during the summer. kitchen is, in general, the only room in their houses fur- is a sort of continuation of the carnival, which is comTheir skin is burat almost black by the sun ; but their bished with a chimney; and, even there the hearth is so menced by public masquerades on the first Sunday in feature and countenances, for the most part, wear the cha- high that the fire affords little warmth to the feet. If there is January. racter which distinguishes the fine faces observed in paint. a fire-place in any other apartment it is generally without The befano of the twelfth day appeared to me remark. ings of the Florentine school. Their figures are graceful; | fire ; for, as the Italians have little fuel except chips, they able. This name is given to the daughter of Herod, who and they are agile in their movements. Notwithstanding are very sparing of it, and confine themselves to the use is supposed to place herself at a window to watch for the the evarthy hue of their complexions, they are seldom of pans of charcoal and scaldinos. The French continued retum of the adoring Magi from the manger ; but, as men in the streets of fields without a fan in one hand and in Italy their national customs. I had a fire in my room they do not pass through the states of her father, the
parasol in the other. In the winter they wrap them- at Pisa so late as the 7th of June, 1810; as, even at that curious lady is disappointed, and the Italians call her elves in brown cloaks, or coats with hanging sleeves, in advanced season, such was the dampness of the air occa- befana from the verb beffare, which signifies to make a the form of that ancient dress denominated houppelande. sioned by the long-continued rains, that my health was fool of. The daughter of Herod is, at Pisa, merely a They wear round bats, of felt, or of wove straw ; and their affected by it. The cold was even more severe at Flo- figure of plaster, in a gala dress; some of them are adorned Lair hang down upon their shoulders, tied up in green or rence, on account of its proximity to the mountains, which with much elegance, and larger than life. The evening Grey Dets. There is little, except this picturesque cos were then covered with snow.
before, on the day of the Epiphany, the streets are crowded tume, to distinguish them from the Caffres, or the inhabi. The year of 1810 was rendered remarkable at Pisa, as with people gazing up at the befane, which are fixed at ants of the Antilles. When these peasants meet a monk well by the agitation of the earth, as the chillness of the the windows, surrounded by lights, with the head and they do zot permit themselves to enter into familiar con atmosphere. At a quarter before nine, on the morning of shoulders advanced into the street, in the attitude of a
ersation with him before they have first given token of the eighth of September, I felt the shock of an earthquake, person vainly seeking some individual in a crowd. Much Seir respect, by kissing his hand.
which was however so slight that I at first attributed the sen- laughter is excited by the serious and composed demeanor Such is the greediness of gain, among small shopkeepers sation produced by it to giddiness, or a disposition to faint of the befana amidst the taunts and jests of the mob.
Tuscany, that they adulterate articles of common con-ness, as I had been seated at my desk, near an open win-! On the evening before the day of the Epiphany, groups camption to a degree that renders them absolutely nau.dow, from seven in the morning. The direction of the of young men parade through every quarter of the town
is. They mix large pieces of cheese with the butter, shock was from south to north; the wind was south-west, till midnight. One of them carries on his head a head of Vaich, even if not spoiled by the introduction of such me- the air heavy and close, warm weather having succeeded, plastered paste-board, with a light placed in the inside. terials, is white, and smells like old hog's grease. Good for the last fortnight, to the cold days of July. Several He is preceded by a man blowing a goat's horn, and surPattet can be procured only at the dairies, which are estab- persons assured me during the day that they also had felt rounded by others, shouting, and waving in the air bun. Ished near the mouth of the Ardo; but it is sold at a'the shock, which was more violent at Bologna, about fifty'dles of lighted straw and flaming sticks. These are gene, rally followed by a cart filled with men, sitting in the and exposed with great pomp in the markets on Holy mediately my resolution was taken, and I presented m midst of branches of trees covered with thick foliage, Saturday.
self before her, with the freedom of an old acquaintank which it would be difficult to find at this season in France. These oxen are conducted in couples through the streets without having myself announced. She seemed to be This triumphal car is surrounded by lighted torches, with bells round their necks, their horns being gilt, or little out of countenance at my sudden appearance : bi and is supposed to conduct to Bethlehem those who go to painted various colours, and their bodies ornamented with she recovered soon, and bid me welcome with her usu adore the infant Jesus. The amusements of the Italians ribbons. The fattest and finest os walks at the head; the levity. Trembling with passion, I took out her lett are generally connected with some religious observance, others are disposed according to their size, the least of all to my father, and held it up to her face: she blushed and are, therefore, prosecuted with much assiduity and coming last. A large troop of oxen, of a greyish white, but, after a little while, she stared at me with bold imp exactness. Vigils and fasts are exceedingly numerous at are sent from Arezzo, conducted by drivers gaily dressed dence, and said — Well, and what then? experience mu Pisa. The eves of festivals of the Virgin and the saints, for the occasion. The butchers of Pisa take their station, always be bought at some slight expense; and you ha devoted to fasting, will be found, if the days of Lent are for the purpose of weighing the flesh, upon stalls, raised now learned, that one ought not to make a confidant of included, to contain four or five months of the year. by a flight of eight steps above their customers; and as neglected rival: if Ovid has forgotton to mention that,
Al the external marks of devotion are scrupulously ob- the latter are permitted to ascend only the first step, they his Art of Love, it is no fault of mine.' With these wor served by the vulgar. Men, women, and children wear have no means of ascertaining whether or not just weight she wished to slip into her cabinet ; but I held her by ti their rosaries in the churches, and devoutly repeat them be given, but by carefully watching the motions of the arm, and dragged her thither myself. She looked on me on their kness during the mass. Many of the common fingers that direct the scales.
as if she conceived me to be out of my senses, and threa people wear in the same pocket a dagger and a rosary. At the time of the carnaval in Pisa, the streets and pub- ened to call for assistance. I bolted the door and drew n They have all an image of the Virgin, or of their patron lic places are frequented by masked figures as early as the sword; telling her that Ovid had also forgotten to me saint, suspended from their necks under their shirts ; first Sunday in January: all the following Sundays are lion how dangerous it was to reduce a true lover to despai their arms, legs, and even bodies are marked in imitation enlivened by masquerades from noon till evening. The and that I should certainly kill her, if she did not imm of St. Francis. They represent upon their bodies the women in particular delight to parade the streets in dif.diately name the place in which you were hidden. «Wi figures of saints by means of pricks of pins made in the ferent disguises upon this occasion. Those most com- you bring yourself to the scaffold?' she exclaimed; “I kno flesh, which, while the wounds are recent, is washed over monly used are dominos, the costumes of old women, and not:' but feeling already the point of mysword at her breast with a pungent liquor of a bluish tint. The impression a dress consisting of two petticoats, one red, and the other she confessed, and fell in real or counterfeited convulsion so produced lasts during their lives.
black. During the shrove days, the masks are very nu- on her couch. I did not think it advisable to stop any Children of five or six years old, dressed like ecclesias. merous. They are seen, as they formerly were at Paris, longer, and merely hurried out the words that she shoul tics, are seen playing in the streets of Pisa. They have on foot, on horseback, and in carriages. The coaches of not escape from my revenge, if she dared to give th the cassoc and the long cloak, and their heads are covered the spectators are drawn up in two files along the southern slightest hint to the Baron. I then ordered horses to reng with three-cornered hats, of dimensions conformable to quay of the Three Bridges. In 1810, an ostrich excited this coast; and I have been here these three days, cot the rules of their order. The playfulness and lively ges- the general curiosity during the four principal shrove days. cealed in the cottage of a fisherman or wandering amon tures natural to their years, are singularly contrasted with It was as large as a camel ; its bcak reached the windows the rocks - To make me still more miserable !'' adde the soberness of the garb they are compelled to assume of the first stories, and presented verses and sonnets to the Louisa; but the exclamation did not come from her hear Children so brought up are generally destined to be put ladies at the windows, who answered by throwing bonbons for the satisfaction of finding her lover innocent, made u in possession of benefices in the gift of their families. into its wide throat. It was surrounded by twenty-four at once, for all her sufferings, and her present feeling
The priests are indefatigable in enforcing the observance harlequins, who kept the people in order by occasional could not but be agreeable. of religious rites, and the use of sacraments, to which they strokes from their wooden sabres, and distributed com- Some happy days were now passed on the lonely sen summon their flocks at different periods of the year. The pliments to the young girls and pretty women standing shore, which could only be overlooked, in that direction curates and their vicars visit the houses of the people du- near. Evviva il struzzo! Long live the ostrich, was the from one window of the castle, and this Louisa knek a ring the holy week, for the purpose of bestowing upon general cry. The ladies called it by waving their white belong to an uninhabited room. Robert thought, Desera them their benediction, and of distributing notes of con- handkerchiefs, and it approached their windows with co.theless, that Mrs. Brigitta might take it into her head fession to the master of each house for himself and his mical gravity, alternately extending and drawing up its have a peep through it, and that it would be safer to mee family. These notes, of which the distributors keep an neck. The crowd of masks which preceded and followed in the fisherman's cottage. He had come with the inten account upon a register, containing a list of the names, it, fixed their attention exclusively upon the blessed bird. tion of an immediate elopement: but this, Louisa firm occupations, and dwellings of the persons who have re- Liverpool
A. W. opposed. “ I am the Baron's wife (she said;) and even low ceived them, are expected to be restored to the ecclesias.
itself cannot require the sacrifice of my honour.” It ap tics, when the sacrament is administered. The persons
peared, to her, much more becoming, to obtain a separa who do not return these notes, or who have refused to re
THE CHAPEL ON THE SHORE OF THE ADRIATIC.
tion from her husband; and she did not think that b ceive them from their curates, are declared, on the in
would have any objection. Robert was willing to be per spection of the register, not to have received the sacrament, FROM THE GERMAN OF KOTZEBUE, BY L. MAN, OF LIVERPOOL
suaded, and promised to spare no pains for the accomplish and are excommunicated. The following is an axact copy
Translated expressly for the Kaleidoscope.
ment of this measure: he would entreat or force the Barri of one of these notes, written with the usual abbreviations.
into compliance; and with this resolution he set Commun. pasch. paræciæ
[Concluded from our last.]
Louisa's anxious wishes accompanied bim, and she beg Regalis abbatiæ
ged for his happy return : but what was her terror, whe Saneti Colombani civitatis
“I hastened to Prague; but you were gone. I flew to she became convinced, that an unguarded moment i Bobii.
Vienna, and arrived there in the evening. I heard of a likely to have consequences, which neither she por by Pro anno 1800.
masquerade; and sent immediately for a domino, in the lover had taken into consideration : their confidence. !
hope of being able to observe you at a distance: I saw you, the success of the negociation had been so complete, the It must be observed, that these notes were not offered to and I fancied I perceived marks of sorrow in your coun. their ecstacy superseded prudence as well as virtue. the French. The above is copied from a note given to me tenance. I drew nearer, and the desire of trying the now, if Robert should be detained? what terribl by an ecclesiastic, for the year 1800 ; that is to say, of al effect, which my appearance would produce, became at and what fate awaited her ? how could she hope to date much anterior to the period of my abode in Italy. last so powerful that it urged me to unmask. You were her situation from the experienced eye of Brigittar
At Pisa, the curate of my parish came, in the April of soon hurried out of my sight, and I sank down upon the how could she stoop to implore the mercy of such 1810, to bless the house of a French officer, stating that chair which had been occupied by you, whilst our betrayer ture? She regretted bitterly not having gone to. he thought it proper to give him an opportunity of receiv. whispered to me: "Are you mad?' the serpent was not yet which would have been so casy; and she wrote: ing a note of confession, but that he did not intend to dic. aware of my being acquainted with ber wiles; but my ately to propose doing so. Robert had furnished tate a daty to him. The curate withdrew after having contemptuous glance must have informed her of this, and writing materials, and she told him, as plainly as received a francesconi (a piece of five francs, fifty-five cen- she disappeared. I mingled with the crowd, and heard would permit, that not a moment was to be lost, times) which the Frenchman put into a basin, carried by you every where mentioned with respect and sympathy. wished to free her from a horrible futurity: she en the bearer of the holy water. It is the custom of the faith. I left nothing untried to learn your fate: but I was merely him, to throw himself into the first boat with ful to pay, according to their circumstances, for the puri- told that you had left the town; and nobody knew what could meet, to put an end to her-agony. fication of their houses and lodgings in the holy week. had become of you. I availed myself of a moment, when She entrusted her letter to the fisherman,
Whilst we are on the subject of the holy week, it will I knew the Baron to be at court, to wait upon your ling had been Robert's asylum, and whom te not perhaps be useless to mention the custom of leading mother: I found her in tears, and as ignorant of your so liberally rewarded, that his friendship through the streets of Pisa, on the morning of Holy abode as other people; but she told me, that Madame doubted, although Louisa had nothing to give Thursday, a number of oxen, which are killed the follow. Wickenfeld was more likely to be informed of it; since he promised to go himself to the post-out ing day. The flesh is then decorated with green leaves, she was the only confidential friend of your husband. Im- and to erect a pole in sight of her Windo
to Venice she wrote immedi
the first boat with which b
the fisherman, whose dwel
and whom the latter hai riendship could not be
thing to give to him:
to the post-office in Ragusa 14 sight of her window, if he should