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the workmen, was broken, the other, in which were human The Beauties of Chess. bones, was preserved. Under these was also found a tablet,

with an inscription, partly Welsh and partly corrupt Latin, VALUABLE HISTORICAL ANTIQUE. of which the following is a transcript :

" Ludimus effigiem belli............. VIDA. [From the Carmarthen Journal of April 15)

CoRpvs Lvpvs

Holdford, of Kilgwyn, had upon part of his estate



Black. Lloscodd AD. 427. nsiderable distance from the mansion, a pyramidal

1 Queen ....

.6–8+ *1 King ....6-8 f prodigious magnitude, which he was desirous of This bears the date of the 5th century, and is inscribed to

2 Pawn ....F-7+ +2 King..... F-8 pg near the house, but was deterred from the at the memory of Lupus, Bishop of Trecastle, whose remains

rom its apparent impracticability. In his absence, it is supposed they contain. Both these discoveries were 3 Bishop ....A-3+ 3 Castle ...A-3 Slford, jun. with the view of giving his father an made in the parish of Mothvey, and if an examination 4 Knight E6 or H7+ 4 King......E-7 ble surprise upon his return, collected a number of were set on foot generally in the Principality, we are san- 5 Pawn ...F-8+ 5 King...... D-7 ghbouring tenantry, to essay its removal. The guine that many valuable antiques may be rescued from

( becomes a queen) lateral pressure of earth having been removed, a oblivion, and that the cause of history would be materially 6 Castle ....F-7+MATE. five-and-twenty horses were put to, and succeeded, benefited by the recovery. We should have observed,

• If the black castle took the queen, the white knight would sme difficulty, in dislodging this ponderous mass that in digging up the tablet which records St. Paul's s site, and exposed to view a tablet, with the follow- preaching

in this island, human bones and ashes were checkmate at F—7. cription :

found. The pyramidal stone (one of the meini hirion + If the black king moved to H-8, the white pawn would A PAWLA BRECElho ad un yvan

alluded to in Archdeacon Beynon's address at the opening move to F—8, and, in the following more, the white castle hon hyd FLWdd ana dxxviii

of the Cymreigyddion Meeting in our Hall) was formerly would checkmate at F-8.

surrounded with a hedge. Since its deportation to the AG ELİMAPOWEn Goch

lawn at Kilgwyn, part of it has been polished, and it ALAddwydac-Caddwydunman proves to be a block of red marble, beautifully variegated

[NO. XLIX. ] OACO PREC thy Grif+ 1604

with blue veins. The farm on which the stone stood, was The white to move, and to checkmate in seven moves. when translated, we take to be " St. Paul preached formerly called Gelly-maen, obviously deriving its nanie is spot about the year of our Lord 48 ; and Elim from the stone. The other inscription, it will be seen, n Goch suffered martyrdom, and was buried in records the martyrdom of Elim ap Owen Goch, for preach

Black. e place, for preaching Christ, 1604." This is an ing Christ.

of considerable importance in a historical point
determining, as far as such evidence can, the
Nice Calculation.-Sturm calculates that there are thou-

у я 3 a 9 H sis of our Learned Diocesan,--that St. Paul sands of insects in a crumb of bread. And Malezien says a the Gospel in Britain. When this inscription he has seen living animalculæ twenty-seven million of de does not appear ; but, even admitting it was as times

smaller than mites. And as life and light are conthe early part of the 17th century, it shows the comitant ideas, Niewentyh bas computed, that in a second

7 e of a tradition to that effect, or of some historical of a minute there escape from

a burning candle, particles of sf which this tablet is probably a transcript. From light ten million of millions of times more than the numinctness of the date, we are inclined to think the ber of the grains of sand computed to be contained in the ind that our ancestors were desirous of transmitting whole earth! eresting fact to posterity is apparent from the ima abour which must have attended the sepulture of let.

METEOROLOGICAL TABLE. congratulate the Principality upon the discovery of nient relic; and we congratulate the Bishop of St.

[From the Liverpool Courier] , upon the discovery of this strong corroborating le, that Great Britain (aye, that Carmarthenshire)

Remarks. morning

Night. In the limits of St. Clement's " Ees to Tsqua Tn; -a point for which his Lordship has contended

440 S.S.W. Rain. d earnestly, and, as we think, successfully. The

47 0 S.S.W. Rain. ty of this very interesting tablet, determined Mr.


B C D E í to examine a cairn, or tumulus, also upon his


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N.W. Fair. gale in y, the result of which was the discovery of two

29 74

59 20 47 0 S.W. Cloudy. night i vases, one of which, through the carelessness of 7

WHITE 01 s.W. Fair. fm N.W.

29 54



Deus Cælestium Moderator, after which his Majesty was The Bishop of Soissons took from the altar the helse conducted to the seat prepared for him in the middle of and presented it to the Archbishop, who took some the sanctuary under the high canopy (after the

Princes, his thumb, to angint his Majesty on the usual places. CEREMONY OF THE CORONATION OF CHARLES x, the great officers, &c. had taken their places,) the Arch

1. On the crown of the head, making the sign of d bishop of Rheims presented holy water to his Majesty, Cross, and saying, Ungoli in regem de Õlio santificate, &il who rosé to receive it.

2. On the breast.
His Grace afterwards gave holy water to the whole 3. Between the shoulders.

assembly, and then withdrew behind the High Altar to 4 and 5. On the right and left shoulder. * After the public papers have given, as news, all the put on his pontifical robes ; he then brought the holy and 7. On the back of the right and left arms, mbi particulars of this event, it may not be amiss, in a work vial (Sainte Ampoule.) During this time the choir each time the sign of the Cross, and repeating Uspot, like ours, to give place to the following description of the chaunted Sexte. splendid spectacle as matter of historical record. In our menced the Veni, Creator. His Majesty remained kneel- fleurs de lys, of gold, and over this the royal mante,

His Grace having saluted the altar, the King, com. and the dalmatica of crimson satin, embroidered

The High Chamberlain put on his Majesty the volume it may be subject of reference many years after ing during the first verse. the “ folios of four pages" have been thrown carelessly After the Veni, Creator, the Archbishop advanced to with ermine.' The King, being in his royal reles,

purple velvet, with gold fleurs de lys, lined and crin aside. The French journal

, L'Etoile, is the publication the King, accompanied by his two assisting Cardinals, down. The Archbishop, seated, took the below all which we have copied.

bearing, one the book of the Evangelists, the other the relic the Bishop, acting as Deacon.
of the true cross; he took the book, on which he placed
the relic, and held it open before his Majesty, to whom

After the prayers, the first Valet de Chambre presse
Rheims, May 30. he presented the forms of the oaths placed thus on the book to the Deacon a pair of gloves, in a piste e vite a
Before five o'clock in the morning, (Sunday, the 29th,) of the
Gospel. The King, seated and covered, with his which the Deacon

held while the Archbishop hied the doors of the Cathedral were besieged by the

crowd. band
placed on the book, and on the true cross, pronounc- gloves, saying, Omnipotens Creator

, and the

sprinkled the gloves with holy water, and pot tea At six they were opened, and at half past six all the galo ed the following oaths :leries in the body of the Church, the Choir, the Sanctuary,

Oath of the Coronation.--" In the presence of God, 1 King. The same ceremony took place with the ring si &c. were filled. The galleries reserved for the Dauphi promise to my faithful people to maintain, and to honour his Grace, put on his Majesty's finger, saying, dire ness, the Duchess of Berri, and

the Princesses of the our holy, religion, as becomes the Most Christian King, lum. The delivery of the Sceptre and the Rond d Rea Blood, were on the right of his Majesty's

pew, opposite and the eldest son of the Church; to do good justice to ali was performed in the same manner. the gallery of the Diplomatic Body. The Peers of France my subjects, and to govern conformably to the laws of the The Archbishop: with both hands, took from thras and "Great Officers of the Crown were placed on the steps kingdom, and the Constitutional Charter, which I swear the crown of Charlemagne, and placed it aborc of the Choir. On the right, the Deputies and Niayors of to observe faithfully,—So help me God, and his Holy Gos- King's head without its touching his Majesin the good cities, the Prefects, and many other public func pel.”,

Princes put their hands to it to support it. The tionaries, called to the Coronation by sealed letters.

Oath of the King, as Chief and Sovereign, Grand Mas. bishop holding it with his left hand said, making the The Royal Courts, the Tribunals, a great number of ter of the Order of the Holy Ghost.-—" We swear to God, diction with the right, Coronet te, Deus, corená glrite General Officers, occupied the steps in the body of the the Creator, to live and die in his holy faith, and the Ca justitiæ. After which, alone, he placed the come Church, to the right and left

. The galleries, erected on tholic Apostolic Roman religion, to maintain the Order of King's head. The Dauphin and the Prises, both sides between the pillars, were filled with

ladies, the Holy Ghost, without suffering it to lose its glorious pre- time, put their hands on it as if to support it, ata most of them presented.

rogatives, to observe the statutes of the said Order, and to Accipe Coronan Regni in nomine Patris, &c. The Dauphiness had a robe embroidered with silver on cause them to be observed by all those who are or shall be The ceremony of the Coronation being finished 8 gold ground, and a diadem sparkling with

diamonds. (members of it) reserving to ourself, however, to regu: Archbishop raised the King by the right urn, The Duchess of Berri wore a crimson-coloured robe bor- late the conditions of admission according to the good of Majesty was conducted to his throne

. His wa dered with silver lama; she wore in her hair a wreath of our Service."

attended in the same manner as on his entering the de roses inixed with diamonds. . The Princesses of the Blood Oath of the King as Grand Master of the Royal and the Duke of Conegliano bearing the sword of Charles wore white robes worked with silver.

Military Order of St. Louis, and of the Royal Order of naked in his hand. At half-past seven the Clergy repaired to the Cathedral. the Legion of Honour -—“We solemnly swear to God to

Every body standing, the Archbishop holding The Archbishop of Rheims advanced towards the altar, maintain for ever, without suffering them to lose their by the right arm, and turned towards the altar, preceded by the Bishops of Soissons and Rheims, acting glorious prerogatives, the Royal and Military Order of St. prayer, Sta et retine a modo statum. Then the as Deacon and Sub-Deacon, and by the Archbishops of Louis and the Royal Order of the Legion of Honour, to ing seated, the Archbishop holding his Majer Besançon and Bourges, and the Bishop of Autun and wear the Cross of the said Orders, to cause their statutes hand said, In hoc regni solis confirmet te

, &c The Evreux, appointed to chaunt the litanies.

to be observed; this we swear and promise on the Holy ers being ended, the Archbishop put off his mann, Cardinals Clermont Tonnerre and La Fare, assisting his Cross and the Holy Gospels."

a profound obeisance to the King, kissed him on Majesty, went to fetch the King from his apartment, After the oaths, the King, being led to the altar by head, and said, Vivat Rex in æternum! The preceded by the Chapter.

the two Cardinals, put off his upper robe, which was taken and the Princes took off their crowns, which they The Chapter having arrived at the door of his Majesty's by the First Gentleman of the Chamber and delivered to on their seats; they advanced, and each of them chamber with the Dauphin, the Dukes of Orleans and the First Valet de Chambre. The King gave his cap to an embrace from the King, saying, Vivat Ra Bourbon, the Great Officers of the Crown, the Officers of the first Gentleman, Master of the Wardrobe, who deli- num. At this moment the trumpets sounded; the Household having functions to perform in the cere- vered it to the Senior Valet de Chambre.

entered the church : the heralds distributed me mony of the Coronation, the principal Chapter of the Cathedral knocked at the door. Prince Talleyrand, the dered with silver and open at the places where the unction and three volleys of musketry fired by the informe

The King, who had on only a salon camisolle embroi-, a thousand birds were let loose ; all the bells re High

Chamberlain, said, in a loud voice -- What do was to be performed, remained standing during the pray- Royal Guard were answered by the artillery a you desire ?” The Cardinal Clermont Tonnerre answered, ers.

The High Chamberlain put on his Majesty the boots parts of the city. After these ceremonies, the An “ Charles X, whom God has given us for our King." of purple velvet, embroidered with fleur de lys in gold.

chaunted Te Deum. Then High Mass we The doors were then opened by his Majesty's porters. The two Cardinals then approached the King (who rose which were on the altar. The Duke of Conegliano, acting took the King's crown and laid it on the desk The Dauphin put on his Majesty the golden spurs, crowns, and the Cardinals their mattres

. The

during which the Dauphin and the Princes suot from his seat) and saluted his Majesty. The Dauphin,

the Dukes of Orleans and Bourbon, then King, who rose, and approached the altar, when the Arch. the King's head, and resumed his own, as did the Ceremonies, and preceded and followed by their Chief bishop blessed the sword of Charlemagne, saying the During the offertory, the King at Arms and the Officers, who took their places in the Sanctuary, except The Archbishop then girded the sword about the King, These offerings are of a vase of silver gilt er the Lieutenant of the King's Gardes du Corps on duty and immediately took it off, and drawing it from the scab- wine, a silver loaf, a gold loaf, and a large dit about the Dauphin, who remained with his Royal High- bard, presented it to him, saying, Accipe gladium tuum. gilt, containing the medals struck on the corneta

The first of the two Cardinals presented the holy water on the altar. After several other prayers, the Archbishop Prince de Croi, went to take the kiss of peoria to the King, and repeated the prayer, Omnipotens sempi- prepared for the sacred unction. terne Deus, qui fumulum tuum, &c. after which the two

The King, conducted by the two Cardinals, sat down. the King. The Dauphin and Princes of the Ice

Archbishop; then going up to the throne, Cardinals conducted the King to the church.

There follow the details of the procession to the church, The Archbishop opened the reliquary containing the holy to receive it of his Majesty, when the Daupha during which the Anthem, Ecce mitto Angelum meum, vial, and with the point of a golden needle

took out a por- knee. The Dauphin having received the King's

tion, which he mixed with consecrated oil. The choir (accolade) bent his knee to his august father, &c. was chaunted.]

The King wore a silver robe; his slippers were trimmed chaunted the anthem, Gentem Francorum inclytam, &c. with silver, and he had a cap (toque) of black velvet, with The two Cardinals opened the places in the King's gar- ing scene made a profound impression on the

him, and held him long pressed in his arms Thie two white aigrettes, separated in the middle by a diamond ment for the unction, and led his Majesty to the altar, and tears produced by the sweetest emotions were

When the King arrived at the door of the church, Car- Then the four prelates appointed to chaunt the litanies The enthusiasm of the spectators was rithout de dinal La Fare repeated the prayer,

Deus, qui scis genus advanced to the foot of the altar. After the litany pray- His Majesty afterwards took the sacrament in both humanum, after which the psalm,

Domine, in virtute tuo ers, the Archbishop took his place on the seat, with his after which the Dauphin approached the King, Clergy took their places, and the King was conducted by Cardinals to the Archbishop, and knelt down. The Arch- few moments on his knees in prayer. After valid the wo Cardinals to the foot of the altar, where his Ma. bishop seated, with his mitre on his head, said the prayer Archbishop took from him the crown of Chicas jesty knelt down. Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, Gubernator Cæli.

and gave him a lighter one. He after arus The Archbishop of Rheinis, as soon as the King entered

his apartments, and he repaired to the Roya the choir, said over his Majesty the prayer, Omnipotens * These words appear to be omitted by mistake in the French.ment in the great hall of the Archiepiscopal Pakis






Scientifie Becords.

To Samuel Ryder, of No. 40, Gower-place, Euston would have a speedy termination. Philac, the professed square, coach-maker, for an improvement in carriages, by champion of Dr. Bell's system, complains in his farewell affixing the pole to the carriage by a new invented appa- address that he has been “ parodied, and tortured most ratus. - 28th April.2 months.

To Daniel Dunn, of King's-row, Pentonville, Middle- unmercitully.” Had he stated at the beginning of the 1 Brighton, the usual summer alarm about mad dogs sex, manufacturer of essence of coffee and spices, for his controversy that he was an old man, his age would serve hydrophobia has been sounded, and war has ac apparatus for separating the infusion of tea or coffee from him as a protection. ingly been declared against the canine species. Several its grounds or dregs.—30th April. 6 months.

I could excuse the “drivelling sauce," and raving of To William Davis

, engineer, of Leeds, and of Glou the old gentleman, and the silly nonsense of his coadjutor ns have been bitten, and among them a Mr. White, geon. This gentleman does not believe that the cestershire, for his improvements in machinery for reduc. se called hydrophobia can be communicated in the ing wool into slivers or threads, of any desired length, un- S. who, by the bye (to the Doctor's great disadvantage) is generally supposed, and has resolutely refused to like worsted, namely, presenting more numerous hair the person who first opened this systematic ball in the Liany of the precautions recommended in such cases. points projecting

from the surface of the slivers or threads. verpool Courier ; I say, Sir, I could excuse all their folly round, which was in the arm, has been suffered to

and bickering at myself, if they would exhibit a single To Thomas Hill the younger, of Ashton-under-Line, spark of justice towards Mr. Lancaster. The dog was secured, and subsequently died in his ng, Mr. White has published the following :Lancashire, land-surveyor and engineer, for improvements

I admire fair play and liberality, but I have no patience On Saturday, (the day after the animal died) i enter in the constructions of railways, and tram roads, and in I place of confinement. I there found three basins carriages to be used thereon and on other roads.-10th with a set of creatures who are determined to be exclusioniter, (one of which, each day, had been placed there,) May.-6 months.

ists, and who will not be convinced by truth, however ched. The contents of three dishes of food, too: merchant, for his improved brick, or substitute

for brick, information.

To Edward Elliss, of Crexton, near Rochester, lime- clear, unless the great Bell of Durham is the medium of lot much decreased, though she had evidently eaten manufactured from a material hitherto unused for, or in, em. It was manifest that she had not drank water

Such is the limited, or rather perverted state of their early three days, indeed, she had, from the first, the making of bricks.-14th May.–6 months. red a disinclination to it but not amounting to

To Samuel Pratt, of New Bond-street, Middlesex, understanding, that the dreams of Dr. Bell are preferred She would move back from that fluid if gently camp.equipage manufacturer, for a manner of com to the rational improvements of Mr. Lancaster. od towards her; this was tried in basins of different biniäg wood and metal, so as to form rails or rods adapted

In a recent manual published by the Doctor, he asserts, Isa-brown and white. It was not so with food, for where strength and lightness are desirable, which he deno- that there cannot be dunces on his system; but I mainfavoured by a call from Dr. King, Dr. Martin, and minates union or compound rods.--14th May.-6 months. tain, that no plan of education, practised' since the days attoa, to notice any appearances that might present street, in consequence of a communication made to him mate blockheads as my opponents on this occasion.

To John C. C. Raddatz, of Salisbury-square, Fleet. of Confucius, has ushered into the world such consum. belves on examining the body of the dog. Such ap: by Ernst Alban, of Rostock, M. D., for improvements Mr. Editor, allow me to request that you will sum up ras of a good size; and, apparently, healthy. The in steam-engines.--14th May.-6 months. rather large; and, like the peighbouring vessels,

To Jean Francois Gravier, of Cannon-street, London, the evidence, and favour the public with your verdict on 1 with blood.' The stomach was nearly empty; and for a method, communicated

from abroad, of regulating the present discussion. he strongest marks of inflammatory action on its the emission or flow of gas from portable reservoirs, and

My opponents have not a prop in Europe to keep up coat and general substance. The intestines, through increasing the security of such reservoirs.--14th May.-6 their system; I have not left them a leg to stand

on ; and, ir con volutions, were much thickened and marked same unequivocal appearances of excitement from mersetshire, Dissenting minister, for an apparatus to pre- with the battery of Fort St. George at their back, they

To Thomas Dyke, of Broadway, near Ilminster, So when forced out of Britain, they retreat toʻMadras, and, There were about twenty live worms in the vent the overturning or falling of carriages. — 14th May. turn round on your correspondent, and say,-" Thou re. (the longest of the small intestines.) The lungs,

-2 months. ng inflated, were (with the exception of marks of

publican Yankee, thou shalt be treated to a 'hot-bed'in To Alexander Galloway, of West-street, London, en prison, for chasing the Madrasites !" mation) without disease ; but the stomach being gineer, for a machine for the forming and moulding of Ited to distension, the air was found not to pass, bricks and other bodies usually made from clay, plastic, or

Poor fellows, I could forgive their growling and snarlhe thickened state of its pyloric (lower) orifice, into

ing, if they would say with every honest and liberal man testines. It is worthy of remark, that this fact any of the usual materials.--- 14th May.- 6 months. observations made on a case of recent dissection of

To William Grimble, of Cowcross-street, Middlesex, in England,-“ We are convinced that Lancaster is an dying supposed to have been rabid) was thought, for improvements in apparatus for distilling spirituous injured individual; from the year 1798 up to 1807, he Martin, as likely to occur, and

mentioned as such, liquors

-14th May.—6 months. gentleman, before the experiment was made that

To Edward Garsed, of Leeds, flax-spiuner, for im. was acknowledged by the people of England (from the ed it. Traces of inflammation were discernible provements in machinery for hacking, combing, or dress. King to the peasant) as the inventor of the Lancasterian he windpipe and gullet. The tongue seemed rathering flax, hemp, and other fibrous materials.—14th May. system of edu cation. In 1807, when his important dis. i at the root; and the sublingual glands were un. -6 months.

coveries were eulogised in Parliament, a reverend gospel prominent. The latter remark may be quoted on

To Henry Oswald Weatherley, of Queen Ann-street, member, a pensioned schoolmaster (a rare siuecurist) earance of the sub-maxillary and parotid glands. Mary-le:bone, Middlesex, for his apparatus or machinery comes forward to wrest from the celebrated Joseph Lang collection of fluid in its ventricles, and scarcely and securing the same in bundles.–14th May.-6 months. caster, not only the merit of invention, but all claims to ble blush of inflammation on its dura mater. The

To Goldsworthy Gurney, of Argyle-street, Hanover. useful improvement." i and bladder were healthy, as was the uterus. square, Middlesex, surgeon, for his apparatus for propel- I repeat, Mr. Editor, were they to act in this man ner, vas only a trifling increase of the natural quantity ling carriages on common roads, or on railways.—14th that I would not only forgive them, but I would consider a in the mouth. I shall close my remarks by my opinion (confirmed by that of several persons improvements in the construction of locks for doors and all I want; and justice, though slow and tardy, I must

To John Young, of Wolverhampton, cooper, for his them as friends, and liberal-minded persons. Justice is the dog) that her latter appearance most unequi: other purposes.--15th May.—6 months.

have. exemplified the state of stupor and listlessness that sioned the remark-' as a dead dog standing up: an improved safe to be used in the distillation of ardent the East Indies; when I get to their favourite and original

To James Fox, of Plymouth, rectifying distiller, for Farewell, Mr. Editor ; in a few days I must set out for Strong excitement, from some cause, was evidently ed by the dissection. That that excitement in

spirits.--14th May.—2 months. he disinclination to taste, or inability to swallow, of Lanark, Esq., for a new process for making steel. — ciples of Dr. Bell, at Egmore.

To Charles Macintosh, of Crossbasket, in the county spot, I shall inquire for John Friskin,+ ar.d the old dis. vith other strange syınptons, I can readily imagine; 14th May.—6 months. at a bite from any dog, dying under similar cir

If their boasted system has not flourished there since To John Badams, of Ashted, near Birmingham, chy- he (the Doctor) left, without the aid of teachers from let it be called by any name I deny. I have, in mist

, for a new method of extracting certain

metals from England,

then, Sir, my point will be gained, the Lancasds of my medical friends, staked my life on my months.


terian system will be proved to be of British origin, and >; I have every confidence, short of bigotry, in

To Isaac Reviere, of 315, Oxford-street, Middlesex, Joseph Lancaster will have his rights, namely, the sole Irrectness; and, with (what others have been to term) the most dreadful of human maladies gun-maker: for an improved construction, arrangement, and undivided credit of invention. I am, Sir, with lasting d to be hanging over me, feel competent to de- and simplification of the machinery by which guns, piss gratitude for your attention to my correspondence, your at imaginntion will, at least, have no share in the tols, and other firc-arms are discharged.-20th May.

most obedient servant, 6 months.

AMERICAN. I shall die, .und the worms may eat me,' but not

Star and Garter, June 1, 1825. rophobia."

N. B. If Philac, or any of the same family, should Correspondence.

appear again, they shall find their match in my friend LIST OF NEW PATENTS


LANCASTERIAN SYSTEM. ugustin Louis Hunout, of Brewer-street, Golden

Several respectable gentlemen informed me, that they for certain improvements, communicated from

Philacribois and Co. weighed, and found light.

heard the Doctor, in some part of England, announce his in artillery, musketry, and other fire-arms.

dreams as improvements in education! They should not 3d April, 1825.-6 months to enrol specification.

have meddled with learned men, such as Perry and Hamilton. Chomas Alexander Roberts, of Monford-place,


+ A famous little boy at the school in Madras, who was the gton Green, Surry, for a method of preserving SIR,- The drooping aspect of the Madras monopolists first person in the world that discovered the wonderful i and other vegetables.-230 April. - 6 months. enabled me to foretell, in my last letter, that their career powers of the new system.


not a servile imitation; it wanted, however, spirit and reminds us of that of a passage in one of the petitions listall

tenderness : a few of his bursts of passion were well given, presented to Parliament on a popular question. As seal DRAMATIC CRITICS.

and the conclusion of that in which he seizes Iago by the amends, for having spoken thus plainly to our corregut

throat, was admirably spoken ;-with this exception, there dent, we will subjoin the passage, with which we fabey i TO THE EDITOR.

was nothing but what an ordinary actor, with some expe- will be highly charmed. It is as follows:-"The fear S1R, -Amusing myself this evening with your enter- rience of stage business, could have effected. It seems to Roman flood, whose torpid waters so very lately mesnel taining miscellany, the Kaleidoscope, I stumbled after a me, that in the nicer qualifications which go to make a one vast deluge of priesteraft and despoliation, has estel time on the paragraph headed “the Drama,” but had first-rate actor, Mr. Vandenhoff is sadly deficient; he has and now again the various streams of legitimate 2ecenes scarcely finished the first sentence, when, with instinctive little or no by-play; he does not identify himself with his and of tolerated sectarism in all their meanden met horror, I cast my eye to the conclusion. I knew it could character; he is too evidently acting, and constrained; it wards to one great ocean with less agitated tides" be the production of no other than the Council of Ten ; is only when he speaks that the illusion is at all preserved Ms. Music.--We have again to make our acknorileterre and, en passant, as these persons have assumed the title of 1-when silent, he relapses into himself, and is altogether to our friend J. M. to whom we were indebted for the las that infamous junta, the Venetian Decades, I wish they Mr. Vandenhoff. If his voice be good, it is very badly MS. music in the last Kaleidoscope. The "Te : sente would imitate them in more ways than in cruelty to the managed; for at the conclusion of almost every sentence

with the manuscript copy of which he has since bleged sex public, by endeavouring to annihilate each other, at least it becomes harsh and gutteral, and often unaudible. His

is a most interesting composition, but it is subesbat langa as far as literary vitality is concerned. I beseech you to action is uniformly ungraceful, and his attitudes un.

than is quite compatible with our musia' departments

must not be lost, however, and, by the land om te read the first sentence, or, indeed, the first paragraph, picturesque. In short, considering the experience he has pondent, we will keep it in reserve for a beuisute, in the which, I am almost sure you could not have done before had, it seems little likely that he will ever rise to the first

next volume of our work, which will come to publication, and say whether you are justified in allowing rank in his profession, though it might be difficult to find

Tuesday in the next month. a place to such stuff in your paper, to the exclusion, most any one better qualified to take the lead in a provincial DRAMATIC CRITICISM.—-We have inserted the treated probably, of some of the interesting matter which its company. By the bye, his mode of painting the visage of

letters in our present publication; and we take columns generally afford; and be it borne in mind at the Othello was calculated most effectually to obscure all deli

opportunity of observing, that it is easy to percine same time, that this precious morceau is a fair specimen cacy of facial expression. He forgets, surely, that he had

our opinions and impressions will often be at variante

those of these new correspondents, who may, deur of the worse than schoolboy rodomontade which you per- to represent a Moor, and not a Negro.

be uniformly judicious. However that may be our guests mitted to be weekly doled out to as last season from the same kailyard of stupidity, with this exception, that the cient care. His voice, too, wants culture: it is husky

Mr. Bass played Cassio respectably, but not with suffi- respecting the merits of some of the actors and

of the letters are diametrically opposed to the pame of Mr. Vandenhoff does not appear. This gentle and feeble; but management might do much to veil its

critic; and with respect to Mr. Vandenhoff, our care man they are perpetually, without intending it, endeavour. defects, and judicious practice to improve it. When he

dentis opposed in'opinion to the shrewd calculating at

the northern metropolis. We hope in any future com ing to injure, by upholding him as a topping performer of every character he represents, without any qualification. much wine, nor make his legs so very drunk; in other next personates the character, he need not take quite so cations with which he may favour us, he will never

of his professions of perfect impartiality, althoogte But there is such a consistent dulness about these essays, respects, the scene in which this occurs was not played

almost a “forlorn hope" as respects a dramatie erite that I can scarcely believe them to be the production of

have their predileetions, although they are corretimes badly.

unconscious themselves of any undue bies. The ten persons; indeed, I am certain there are not ten to be

Mr. Hooper was Rodrigo, and played the character associating at the domestic circle, or the social beant, found in Liverpool, capable, individually, of giving to

the individuals who are the subjects of their stricta such muddy meandrings of intellect a local habitation exceedingly wellma little too vivaciously, perhaps, but

not unfrequently affect the character of their cons otherways without fault. and a pame." I rather take them to be the progeny of some Mrs. M'Gibbon personated Desdemona; a character We have been disappointed by the Council of 781

whom we were led to expect a letter this week. THE young gentleman, who might safely exclaim with Richard, evidently unsuited to her. She read the text well, but she

cisms of one of the correspondents to whom te I am myself alone;" whose ideas of the beau monde have wanted flexibility and tenderness, and her action was sin- replying, we are of opinion, will surely make them been generated in a Liverpool counting-house; whose beau gularly inappropriate.--Of Mrs. Aldridge's Emilia, charity men "saddle white Surrey for the field next week ideal of grace, in action, is the congé of a cotton broker; and induces me to say nothing in detail. Perhaps the company

they shall have perused one of the letters in a whose imagination is daily enlivened by the gay and varied does not possess a better representative, and yet it can

column, we fancy they will exclaim in the word

pet bard, routine of posting, balancing, &c. To conclude, there is scarcely furnish a worse. If this lady have talent for act.

You must not think nothing more to be lamented by those who take an in-ing in any other line, it is, indisputably, doing her a great That we are made of stuff so flat and dell, terest in theatrical matters, than the total absence of every injury in assigning her such a character as Emilia."

That we can let our beards be shook with denges, thing like judicious criticism in the public prints, if we The other performers, in the minor characters, acquitted

And call it pastime. You shall shortly hear muru" except the occasional maudlin attempts which it is the themselves very respectably, and bating a little mouthing, MR. Young's Sir PertinaX.–A correspondent per purpose of this letter to decry. And I trust, Mr. Editor, the “ Duke" has not, in the Metropolitan Theatres, half compliment to ask our opinion of Mr. Young's si pe that your own good sense will point out to you the pro- so good a representative as Mr. M'Gibbon. In fine, the

the other night. We can speak of it only from na priety (if you cannot supply us with better) of at least whole company eppears highly respectable, and deserves

we were prevented by business from visiting the

that evening. We expected that the Councs clapping your editorial extinguisher on the flickerings of more encouragement than the “ beggarly account of some correspondent, would have noticed a partir this rush-light.-Yours, &c.

empty boxes” last evening seems to indicate is bestowed. which appears to have delighted the whole andiert, Monday, May 30, 1825. DRAMATICUS. I cannot omit noticing the disgraceful noise permitted that we can gather from some judicious friends

we are told, has greater applause been heard in the upper slips, during the whole performance : decency

walls of our theatre; and we rejoice that the keca
demands immediate removal of this nuisance. No wonder

Sir Pertinax has at length found an adequate rep
Theatres and the Drama incur reproach and obloquy, tive. It is a fortunate circumstance for the loven
when such indecorum prevails, and is tolerated.

nuine comedy, who had well nigh come to the Thursday, June 8, 1825. DRAMATICUS.

that Macklin's chef d'æurre and George Cook

boards at one and the same time. • If Dramaticus will wait to see more of this lady, he will PERFORMANCES AT THE THEATRE.-An advertise SIR,-It is unnecessary to speak of Mr. Young's Iago, the And she possesses talent of a high order in various walks of

appears in our local department, will, we believe principle attraction of the evening;-it was a most judicious the Drama-Edit. Kal.

useful to our readers. We allude to the list of the and masterly performance; not so light as Mr. Kean's,

performances at our Theatre for the whole of the nor so obviously villanous as the late Mr. Cook's, but beau

week. From that list our readers, whether in de ter

To Correspondents. tifully discriminative in all its parts.

the neighbourhood, who are desirous of seeing Mr. Vandenhoff played the Moor, and I will freely A Touch OF THE SUBLIME.–Our correspondent Crito must

ticular play, may obtain the requisite informatii

time, and may make their arrangements according admit that it was to see this gentleman, of whom I had

excuse our observing, that he is not at all qualified for the heard and read much, I was induced to visit the Theatre.

office he has assumed. Whilst he seems to consider him. EMPLOYING SUSPENDED ANIMATION DURING SCBGICA

TIONS.-Before we were favoured with the pote al Praise and censure, in connexion with Mr. V., have been

self an example of perfection which essayists ought to study

had perused and selected for insertion, the detabedi very liberally, and, I think, very injudiciously employed, as a model, his style is abominable and vulgar. He is always

cent and most important experiments of Dr. Hilos because each has been extreme. Having had only one on stilts; and is perpetually stumbling under the weight of shall give them a place in our next. opportunity of seeing this tragedian, it would be unfair, his own broken metaphors. Vicious, however, as his lan- Welsh ANTIQUITIES. The communication d' EP. perhaps, to pronounce a decisive opinion of his general guage is, the sentiments and sense are still worse.

attended to. merits, I shall, therefore, confine myself principally to his only intelligible passage in the whole of the essay on com.personation of his last night's character. His representa- position, is stolen from Blair; but it is so mutilated, by its

W.D.G. is informed that there is a small packet teľ:

at the office. tion of the credulous, but noble Moor, was evidently assimulations with Crito's own froth, that the plagiarism formed on that of Mr. Kean; in many of its parts it was would elude detection, if it did not happen to be the only Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUTIDAS well sustained, and the resemblance, though obvious, was passage that is not absolute nonsense. Crito's pomposity E. SMITH & Co. 75, Lord-street, Liverpool



Literary and Scientific Mirror.



familiar Miscellany, from whichreligiousand politicalmatters are excluded, containsa varietyof originalandselected Articles; comprehending Literature, Criticism Men and Manners, lasernent, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Artsand Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c.&c. forming a handsome Annual ame, withan Index and Title-page.--Itscirculationrenders it a most eligible medium for Advertisements.

1. 260.– Vol. V.

TUESDAY, JUNE 21, 1825.

Price 3141



Natural History. terrified by their aspect, and could hardly endure the The difficulty of explaining the fall of stones from the rigour of their climate.

atmosphere, has induced the naturalists of the last century The change of temperature, in our country, has been absolutely to deny the existence of a phenomenon never N THE REVOLUTIONS OF THE GLOBE.

accounted for, by the clearing apay of the forests which before doubted, and respecting which they ought merely formerly covered parts of its surface, now occupied by to have suspended their judgment. But, far from using

cultivated fields; but it is not probable that this cause can that wise precaution, they have, during a long time, legère couche de vie, qui fleurit à la surface du globe, ne have produced effects so important.

rejected, with the utmost disdain, all arguments opposed que des ruines. Paris: printed, 1824.

However this may be, the same reasons cannot be alleged to their positive decision.

for the change of climate which has taken place in Italy, Meanwhile, opportunities of observing the fall of atwieled capressly for the Kaleidoscope from a recent French work. which was then at least as well cultivated as it now is; mospheric stones became more frequent, and the men who LETTER XV.-CONCLUDED.

nevertheless, Horace, in one of his odes, descriptive of the had seen them, and had narrowly escaped being crushed (SEE A NOTE TO CORRESPONDENTE.)

severity of the winter, speaking of Mount Soracte, says, by their fall, could not consent to believe, merely on the

that its summit is white with snow ; he says also, that the word of the learned, and in spite of the evidence of their OF THE ATMOSPHERE.

forests are weary of the weight of the ice with which they senses, that they had neither seen, heard, nor felt any are covered.

thing. Besides, these facts were so often repeated during e second mode of imparting caloric, namely, the suc- A similar picture would certainly not be presented by the last half of the eighteenth century, that it is difficult e removal of heated particles, is the most important, any description of the present appearance

of Italy. I re- to understand why they did not excite more general attennly because it is incontestably proved, but also on peat, that it would be very interesting to examine, with as tion. There were indubitable instances of the fall of stones at of the influence which it has in producing winds. much accuracy as possible, what changes may have taken in Bohemia, in 1753; near Paris, in 1768; at Sienna, in

, if a mass of air, somewhat considerable, be simul- place in the climates of all the countries whose history is 1794 ; and in two different parts of Europe, in 1796 ; two asly heated, it will rise in the atmosphere, and from known to us, up to the time of the ancients: facts might, years afterwards the same phenomenon was observed at ish of the surrounding air into its place there will, perhaps, thus be ascertained, which would give rise to Confaté, Benaes, &c. sarily, result a wind of more or less violence. opinions very different from those now prevalent.

The proof that might best have served to convince our is the earth lose more caloric than it receives, or does The barometer proves, that the weight of a column of naturalists of the reality of the phenomenon they were so ive more than it loses? This question, which is of air, extending from the earth to the utmost height of the unwilling to admit, was, that all these stones were different leatest interest

, does not appear to me yet to have atmosphere, is equal to that of a similar column of water in nature from the soil where they were found. They also atisfactorily solved ; the general opinion of geologists ten metres high; the total weight of the atmosphere is, differed entirely from all stones before known to natural f the globe is growing colder. Although the quan- therefore, equal to the weight of a mass of water sufficiently philosophers and chymists; finally, they strikingly recaloric which it loses is so small, and so gradually large to surround the terrestrial spheroid, to the height of sembled each other in many of their characteristics, ald as to be almost incalculable, astronomy, never- ten metres. Consequently, if the air were to be condensed, though they had been gathered at different periods, and in , furnishes the means of computing it. In fact, if and io fall in a liquid state to the earth, it would add to distane places

. It may be added, that those who had be is growing colder, its revolution round the sun the waters now collected upon its surface only a five hun- witnessed their fall, agreed in their description of the cirle more rapid, and the length of the year, which de dredth part of their mass. It is evident also, that its cumstances attending them. All of them had been seen to upon that revolution, must, necessarily, diminish. volume is equal only to a thousandth part of that of the fall from the atmosphere during thunder storms, and, in t is known what was the length of the year in the spheroid.

most instances, during the explosion of the luminous f Hipparchus, a celebrated astronomer, who, two The effects produced by the atmosphere upon the sea meteors which often accompany storms. A great number ad years ago, drew up very exact astronomical tables. and land are very important. Besides the chymical action of them had been picked up while they were still warm. erceived by them, that, in his time, the day was which it exercises upon the mass of waters, by ceding to Finally, the evidence of facts has triumphed over prejuthan it now is 1.300th of a decimal second,1-30000th them a portion of the superoxigenated air contained in it dice, and the fall of stones from the atmosphere is now no jundredth division of an hour; a quantity of time and upon the earth, by the decomposition of minerals, it longer doubted. The circumstance which has most conincalculable. The terrestrial spheroid is also de operates mechanically, by carrying away light, dry bodies, tributed subdue the obstinacy of the incredulous is, of caloric by its thermal waters, which constantly and transporting them to a distance; it is the cause of the that these stones contain a metal, in its native state, never home part of it to its surface, and particularly by formation of Downs, and thus changes the whole surface found in that state in any other body. The existence of c eruptions.

of many countries; and by lifting up the sea in waves, it this fact could be ascertained only by chymists, and it has tever may be the accuracy of this calculation, occasions the beating of its waters against their shores. It been confirmed by the conviction of all those who have had oncurs with many others to establish the opinion contains also the cause of the electric phenomena, which opportunities of examining the composition of atmospheric r globe is growing colder, it seems to me that this so frequently destroy the summits of high mountains. gives rise to many other inquiries of a very interest. The most astonishing productions of the atmosphere are This phenomenon being once acknowledged to exist, ure. It appears, in fact, to have been proved, that, the stones which frequently fall from it to the surface of you will readily believe, Madam, that the same learned y countries, the temperature was formerly much the earth, and of whose origin and mode of formation no men who at first would not admit it, because they did not vated than it now is. France and Germany are satisfactory explanation has yet been suggested.

understand it, have not failed to propose explanations of the number of them; there is no doubt that, in History mentions showers of stones, which are said to it, which seemed to them very clear. vo countries, the climate is now much more tem- have fallen, at a very early period of antiquity, and which One of them, denying the aërial origin of these stones, han it was in the time of the Romans.

excited the astonishment of all those who witnessed them. supposes that they have been laid bare, or brought to the fact is proved, not only by the descriptions remain Titus Livy, Pliny, and several other writers, relate in surface of the earth by the action of thunderbolts. But 123 of the former state of these countries, and by stances of these phenomena, which they had positively whence could they have been withdrawn, if it be true that umstance, that plants, the vine for instance, which ascertained to have taken place.

stones like them have never been found, either at the sur. lot formerly grow in their soil, are now abundantly The truth of these accounts was never doubted in the face of the earth, or in its interior ? Yet, if that were the ed there, but also by the difference perceived in the middle ages. Cardan particularly describes a similar phe case, they must have been deposited at the depth of only er of their inhabitants

. It is well known, that the nomenon, which occurred in 1510. According to him, a few inches. By what singular concurrence of circumGermans were much superior to the modern Ger- 1200 stones fell; among which, one weighed 120 pounds, stances have they never appeared at the surface of the soil, n stature and strength. The Roman armies were and another 60.

except when placed there by the agency of thunder bolts?


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