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TO THE EDITOR.

Correspondence.

Gymnasia.

of blue-and-white Arche net, tied at the throat with bli ribbon, and each end of the scarf finished by a rosette

the same. Blue half-boots, of corded or spotted silk, com “ THE LIVERPOOL HAMILTONIAN SCHOOL,” OR MR.

NO. VI.

plete this unobtrusive and truly elegant costume. HAMILTON'S LIBEL AGAINST TEACHERS.

EVENING DRESS.-Dress of white gauze lisse, wil TO THE EDITOR.

superb border en treillage, of light shade of rose colou

each reseau edged with narrow cordon. The corsage mad SIR,--Had Mr. Hamilton contented himself with mo

plain, beautifully marking out the contour, with a trim destly recommending his system; had he abstained from

ming round the bust to correspond with that of the skirt “insidious and deceptive" statements, and from bringing un

Mancherons of treillage work, uniting with the ornamer just accusations against the teachers of "all the schools of

round the bust. Rich ceinture of a delicate pink silny the civilized world; and had he not boasted of “the silence

gauze, placed on the left side. Sicilian hat of rose tran of the host of enemies which his success has created," I should

parent net edged with silver. Feathers shaded with pin certainly never have set myself “ in array against him," but

The hair arranged in full curls, on each side of the fac should have rejoiced in his suceess. For, that his system is

on which are seen a few white roses slightly intermingl a good one for the first three, six, or twelve months (accord

with blond. Ear-rings, necklace and armlets of pearls. ing to the ability of the pupil) after commencing the study of a language, I know from my own experience. Before I knew

To Correspondents. of the existence of Mr. Hamilton, I had published Latin, French, and English books, adapted to a system differing

SINKING BOTTLES IN THE SEA.--Acorrespondent has submitt from his in nothing except this, that I always translated into

a query in the following terms:- Query—"Suppose a bott! good English, and he often translates into bad. I said, “ In,

considered empty, except the air which it contains, ar or at the beginning, God created the heavens;" he says, " To

TO THE EDITOR..

sunk down in the ocean to the depth of 80 to 100 fathon the beginning," &c. On the 1st of October, 1809, I began to teach two pupils, a SIR,—This feat must be performed with a much longer

will it come up full or empty, and if full, or nearly fa

will the cork and seal be undisturbed ?" Any nautical ma boy and a girl, Latin by this system, and their progress I backed chair than those now in fashion. The back ought

who has tried the experiment is requested to answer ti thought so great as to be worth noting. In three years, to be about a yard high from the seat. Place the chair

query. studying from two hours and a half to three hours a day, and

on the floor, in the position indicated by the figure: place The following experiment, copied from Bartor's Coehf being perfect in each book before going to another, they read the knees on the extremity of the feet of the chair, and China, may enlighten and amuse our correspondent:Valpyʻa Delectus, Nepos, Turner's Exercises, Mair's Introduc place your two bands on or about the seat rail, and bring voyage gave us an opportunity of ascertaining

a fac tion, Cæsar's seven books of Gallic Wars, and the Decerpta your face down to touch the back of the chair, upon which, though well known to philosophers and to mo from Ovid's Metamorphoses. At this time, the boy joined a which, at the extremity, or as near it as you can come, seamen, and satisfactorily explained on natural principle class at the High School of Edinburgh, in which the pupils without falling forwards, or suffering the top of the chair is not by any means in general belief. I allude tot had studied Latin from four to five hours a day in school, for to couch the floor, a piece of money,

&c is placed, which experiment of sinking, to a certain depth, an empty bort three years, besides preparing the lessons at home, some with and some without the assistance of a private tutor. This is to be removed with the mouth.

corked as tightly as possible; when the cork, on drawit boy remained at the High School for three years, and was You may, instead of money, place an upright pin into into the inside. We let down, to the depth of forty fathon

up the bottle, will invariably be found to have been forg always high in his class; but, though his capacity was one of the chair back, at any distance, changing its position or 240 feet, a large earthen bottle, firmly stopped with the best in the class, which consisted of about one hundred boys, there were at least twenty who were as good Latin until you have ascertained the furthest point ai which tapering cork, so that the diameter of that part of it out scholars as he. This fact convinced me, that no advantage you can take it back with your mouth, without yourself the bottle greatly exceeded the widest part

of the neck had been obtained by continuing Mr. Hamilton's plan for or the chair falling forwards. Although the situation of round this was laid a coating of melted pitch, and three years; and I never afterwards used it longer than one the hands is indicated in the figure, you may shift them cork was in the inside. In tropical climates the dimin

whole covered with canvas. On drawing up the bottle ti year, for either Latin or French.

to any other position which enables you to reach the fur- tion of temperature, at so considerable a depth below th That there are many bad schools (some perhaps as bad as Mr. Hamilton pronounces all to be) is but too true; but, I maintain, thest with safety. Much of the management in this trick surface, condensing the inclosed air, takes off all reaction that there also many

good ones, and I offer to prove my as depends upon properly regulating the position of the against the weight of the superincumbent column of wat sertion, by bringing forward, from various schools, boys who hands.--Yours, &c

pressing on the cork, and thus aids the experiment; by shall evidently have the advantage, in a comparative trial,

in high latitudes, where the air, when corked up, is prob

LADIES' GYMNASIA. in Latin and French, over Mr. Hamilton's adult pupils, who

bly at the freezing temperature, whilst that below t received fifty lessons from him or his partners in London. As some of our fair readers have ventured to attempt

surface of the is warmer by eight, ten, or twelved I begin with my own school, and I will consent to have some some of the feats we intended solely for young men, we grees, the increased elasticity, acting against the e of my pupils, of eleven years of age, as well as some who are will propose an exploit for their express amusement. It within, must require the bottle to be sunk to a grea older, publicly examined along with Mr. Hamilton's London may be performed with perfect propriety, and it will be depth than in the fornier case, before the experiment a

succeed." adults, both in Latin and French. If Mr. Hamilton should the source of considerable amusement: décline the expense of bringing men from London, or if he Move the right arm and hand in a circle horizontally 's second communication is reserved for Insertion next we think they may have forgot their lessons, I am willing to from left to right, and at the same time move the right In the mean time, if the writer deem it necessary, be wait till those whom he is now teaching in Liverpool have foot in a circle in the opposite direction, or from right to have a proof slip, by sending to the office any days got their fiftieth lesson, when every thing will be fresh in left.

Wednesday, between the hours of twelve and the their memories.

any future communication we may be favoured with trd If Mr. Hamilton's adults shall be found to surpass my boys

the same correspondent, we are of opinion that thered

Fashions for August. of eleven years of age, he will have gained an important step

be no necessity to trouble him to revise his proofs, parti towards establishing, to the satisfaction of the public, his opi.

larly if 2. will write as distinctly as he evidently is a nion, that the pupil ought to be " always taught and never or.

BALL DRESS.-A white tulle petticoat over another of ble of doing. dered to learn." And also, towards proving his assertion, etherial blue gros de Naples; the body of etherial blue 'Tis FOBTT YEARS SINCE," by L. Man, shall appear in which, till then, I shall consider a most unwarrantable one, satin, with stripes let in of fine blond. Round the border that there is not in existence an honest teacher but himself of the petticoat are two rows of trimming, en tirebouchons and his partners; or, in his own words, that " what is done in of blue crape lisse, entwined with a rich gụimp of Aoize Tobias. No guill is informed that we are as little disposed

gulled as himself. He appears to be one who would "bar all the schools of the civilized world" is "receiving money for the silk; this crape trimming, which is set on in festoons, is communication of instruction and not communicating it." caught up, on the right side, with bouquets of full-blown

a fly on the wheel" If that very singular work, the

quis of Worcester's Century of Inventions, is not to hista I conclude with requesting the attention of your readers to red roses, or with bunches of the pink convolvolus. The

let his consolation be that it is not very long; and, if the following specimens of Mr. Hamilton's " MORE HONEST hair is arranged in the new Parisian fashion, short at the

deems its Insertion an intrusion on our columns, be system of instruction," as he calls it. Mr. Hamilton's express ears, and elevated on the summit of the head, so that the

And himself compensated by occasional supplemental she sion respecting the grammatical knowledge which his pupils bows of the long hair behind may be brought forward and

containing matter more to his mind. By-the-bye it app were to acquire in ten lessons, was, that it should be such as seen en face. These bows are separated from the curls

that every body does not form the same estimate of to "defy competition with adepts in the language.” But I in front by a gold comb, of beautiful workmanship ; blue

Marquis's Scantlings as No gull, as it has lately been deca engage to show, if his pupils will allow me to ask them a few gauze is entwined among the ringlets, in the most tasteful

of sufficient interest, as a literary curiosity, to call for a! questions, that, though they have now had fourteen or fifteen and elegant manner, and interspersed with full-blown

and splendid edition. lessons, not one of them can yet parse the Gospel of St. John. roses. The necklace and ear.rings are of the finest oriental

For our own parts we took

hands at the earnest recommendation of a scientific gen Mr. Hamilton also professed to teach his pupils, “in ten pearl ; the necklace consists of one row of very large pearls.

man of taste and discernment. easy and pleasant lessons, the meanings of ten thousand Over this truly attractive dress is disposed, in graceful Reader's letter is too flattering for publication in our words." He has, it is true, taught them to read St. John, but drapery, a scarf of white lace, with tassels.

Journal. We shall, however, profit by the suggestion do his pupils believe that they know the meanings of 10,000 WALKING DRESS.-Round dress of fine Indian muslin,

veyed in the postscript. French words? Do they think there are 10,000 words in the with four rows of triple folds, in bias, round the border. Thx Hor DAY. We have repeatedly published the late ! Cospel of St. John? If they do, I am sorry to inform them, The sleeves made en blous, and confined by three rows of

Erskine's jeu desprit on this subject. It will bear fi that, they have been, till this moment, the victims and the depes' bracelets at the lower part of the arm next the wrist ; but

tition, however, and shall have an early place. of Mr. Hamilton's “professions and assertions," for there this confining rises nearly as high as the elbow. A Valois | Our Rochdale friends are informed that the Raleidoscope pa are, in the whole New Testament, in the original Greok, only hat, of fine Leghorn, lined with pink, and simply trimmed

of this day fortnight was regularly forwarded from POUR THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED AND FIFTY-SIX WORDS.- I am, with a ribbon of celestial blue, over which waves a plumage office. Sir, your most obedient Servant,

of white feathers. Under the hat is worn a small village.

JAMES MACGOWAN. cap of fine lace. The dress being made partially high, no Printed, published, and sold, EVERY TUESDAY, Hope-street, August 3, 1824.

other out-door covering is adopted than an elastic scarf, SMITHand Co. 75, Lord-street, Liverpool.

next.

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The familiar Miscellany, from which religioasand political matters are excluded, contains a variety of originaland selected Articles: comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners, Anument, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual Volunte, with an Index and Title-page.--Its circulation renders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements. Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents,

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NO. 11.

Hor.

Literature, Criticism, &c. What follows from this ? ist - That the number of books ancient and modern, and reading those written on

the reading public has, in the same time, infinitely in the same subject, in proper order, much useful knowledge creased. 2dly, That its character has been, in a good may be acquired and retained: but, amidst such an abun. measure, essentially altered.

dance, choice becomes difficult. ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE MIND.

We are become a nation of readers. Let us now reflect Let the general principles inculcated in Dr. Watt's ex-, Ubi quid datur oti,

on the cause of this increase in the number and change in cellent work on the improvement of the mind be followed, Hado chartis.

the character of the reading world. Among the most in the selection of such branches of literature as are most

powerful engines of this increase and change, and the most useful, both generally and in the particular course of life TO THE EDITOR

active stimuli to publication in general, may be enume- we mean to adopt. Let us add to these such other subSIB, I was conversing, the other day, with Clitus, an rated book societies, which not only multiply, in more than jects as may coincide with our taste and genius, and the acquaintance of mine, in whom I discern some new point a tenfold proportion, the readers of each copy, but ensures, previous character of our studies. No man ever became of ridicule, or some theme for reflection or animadversion, for nearly every work that is published, a profitable sale. wise by attempting to attain eminence in every science. wery time I see him.

It has been calculated that the number of book societies in For lighter reading, we should choose such books as, while He is one of those little minds, who, with a small stock England would, without the aid of private purchasers, take they relieve the sameness of severer studies and charm the d'information, and scarcely sufficient energy to acquire from the printer a sufficient edition of any modern work imagination, improve the style and raise our taste ; let more, set up for learned men, and endeavour to keep up to defray the expense of publication. These societies buy them be the works of authors renowned for a classic pen their reputation by attempts at literary criticism, and by every thing: they read every thing. Works on subjects and correct judgment. reading, not to acquire new ideas, but to enable themselves of science, which were heretofore confined to the library of But we may do all this, and not "grow wiser as we read,". to decide with more dogmatical impertinence concerning the man of letters, are pored over with contracted brows if to this selection be not added moderation in the quanthe merits of authors whom they scarcely understand. and pouting lips, by ladies fair: they lie on the desk of city, and meditation on the subject of what we read. To,

He had perused all the literature of the day, and was the man of business, to be perused in every interval of lei. fix our attention more particularly, it is an excellent plan, conversant with all the works which are incessantly issued sure he can command: they may be seen on the toilette either to mark in the perusal, or copy into a blank book, from the press : be discoursed freely about their merits ; of the man of fashion, to refresh him after the labour of such passages as may contain matter for reflection, and to bat not one new view of any subject had he gained putting on his stays, or to prepare his mind to conceive a make these the subject of future thought; and, either to from them. All his powers of mind seemed concentrated more sublime tie for his neckcloth. All are alike happy, expand the idea contained in them, or investigate their in little grammatical remarks on pretended inaccuracies of if they can glean a few long words, or a few fugitive re. merits. So shall we improve our style and enlarge our style, ce ia strictures on detached passages. The scope and marks, to adorn their evening's conversation. Men of re- minds at the same time. design of the author, the justice of his opinions, the accu- search and learning are now seen perusing works of fiction Such were my reflections, which were terminated by the racy of his statements, in matters of science and history; or imagination, which would have been, a hundred years conclusion of my walk, and which had recalled my scatin short, the general character of the work, in the mean ago, thought beneath the notice of any one who pretended tered thoughts so far as to enable me to resume my occutine, paned wholly unnoticed. These were things with to the gravity of wisdom. Are mankind, generally, im- pation with pleasure. which he meddled not. They were above his powers; proved by so much reading? I fear not.

I intend to follow the plan of animadverting upon such and, as he read solely to find materials for conversation, Quam scit quisque suami libens exerceat artem.

passages of ancient and modern works as may seem suitas he conversed merely to show what he fancied was criti. But we are likewise become a nation of critics : and this able in my course of reading; and, should I make any tal acumen, the improvement of his mind, from any of reflection brings me back to my acquaintance Clitus. Poor meditations which appear worthy notice, I shall, with de. his studies, seemed an object wholly beneath his notice. man! What advantage does he derive from the huge ference, submit them to the reader's better judgment, at a Before he left me, he had made so many ill-natured re-tomes which he peruses “ with labour sore ? How many future period.

ጊ 2. marks on works which it was evident he had not under. are there, who, like him, " read and study, and nobody is sord, that his singular and pedantic vanity, while it di- a bit the wiser ?"" How many seem to think that reading

LORD BYRON'S CHARACTER DENOUNCED FROM THE verted, so far irritated me as to prevent me from resuming, is acquiring knowledge; that, whilst they are perusing

PULPIT. vih sufficient mental abstraction, the pursuit which his books, they must necessarily, and almost, as it were, inevi. Mait had interrupted. During a short walk, which I took tably be informing their minds ? They need not use their The popular preacher of Holland chapel has, among recover my thoughts and temper, the following reflec- judgment, to weigh the author's meaning; their reason, others, considered it within the scope of his duty to de taas occupied me; and I pursued, with pleasare, the train to determine his truth; their memory, to enrich their pounce from the pulpit the character and writings of the of thought into which they lead.

minds with new ideas, and to make his knowledge their late Lord Byron. Dr. Styles had previously intimated, We are become a nation of writers ; work after work own. No; according to their principles of action," read this subject, and consequently a considerable degree of

that he purposed calling the attention of his auditors to Nubes from the press with awful celerity, "occupet er.. and be wise," seems a precept as firmly grounded in their expectation was excited." On Sunday evening, the lith Etrum seaties ; " authors seem engaged in a race, which, minds, and, quoad the first part, as tenaciously followed in ultimo, he fulfilled his promise, in the presence of an unSo judge from the speed with which they run, promises their practice, as if reading and wisdom were inseparably usually numerous congregation. He took his text from the most brilliant rewards to all who arrive at the goal. connected, and as if they were certain to arrive, " insuthe 4th chapter of Genesis, 9th verse, “ Am I my brother's

keeper ?"_He commenced his discourse by noticing the And this is not a race in which they endeavour to outstrip dando libris," at the summit of human learning. attempts which had been recently made to propagate the excha other; in which each author, hunc atque hunc su- Let us not be like them; let us " noble ends by noble doctrines of infidelity and scepticism. In lamenting the Perare laborat” in the excellence of his work: no, publica, means pursue;" let us not underrate the value of intellec prevalence of this evil, he observed, that infidelity was a Sion is the sole end of their labours ; of the value of what tual improvement

, and the cultivation of our mental crime which had been early engendered among the posDhey write they are utterly careless The evident deduc powers, so far as to suppose that information can be gained, had committed murder and fratricide was an infidel. The Gons from this fact seems,'

or the mind improved, by the mere exercise of the eyes reference to this circumstance naturally introduced the 16,_That the remuneration which, authors obtain is unaided by reason. Let us " read and be wise ;” not character of Cain, the worst that had been sketched in Egreater than it was in the last century, in nearly the same by reading only, but by reflection on what we read. To the sacred page not only the first murderer and infidel, proportion in whichour books exceed the number of those effect this, we must read with selection. We must not but one who had rejected' divine revelation, and insulted which were published at that time. read, indiscriminately, all the works which issue, pell. When surprised by the appalling question-"Where is

his Maker by offering a sacrifice that was not required. Adly,—That , to'secure this remuneration, less pains are mell

, from the press. We must not peruse the ancient thy brother?" he replied, in the language of defiance, Decxanty on the part of the authors.

authors alone. By a judicious choice of the best, amongst "Am I my brother's keeper ?” Having thus introduced

he subject, he proceeded to trace the progress of the uniformly in vain ; that the cause of human felicity had the latter period of his life, had occurred, which justifi crime of infidelity. He remarked, that, under the pre- languished; that every means of applying a moral power a bope, that, had Heaven been pleased to have protracts sumed guidance of genius and philosophy, men had had been found utterly inadequate, and that no lasting his days, he might have made an atonement for his un sought to introduce what they considered the golden age- impression had ever been effected till man's best benefactor redeemed errors. His exertions in the sacred cause the triumph of reason over superstition ; for such was the brought into action a system of religion as simple as it liberty and the independence of nations showed that the cant of the Satannic school. It was by assuming the was purifying ; that system of Christianity, the glorious was a spark within his bosom which a ray from Heave garb of reason and philosophy that principles of the most evidence of which was, that it universally prompted and might have kindled; but, viewing him as he appeare demoralizing tendency had, from time to time, been in promoted the love of God, and good-will to mankind. It through his writings, he could only be considered as th culcated by those whom he could not otherwise designate was an attachment to, or a variation from, its doctrines that corrupter of the public morals, and, therefore, conclude than as the enemies of God and the adversaries of man- stamped the character of a good or bad man. He who the preacher, it was his painful duty to denounce the kind; they exclaimed in the language of the blasphemer, would blot the Sun of Righteousness from our vision was splendid genius as the greatest enemy of mankind. “Who is the Almighty that we should seek him ?". It was worse than he who, having seen the sun, exclaimedthe duty, he said, of all good men to summon their whole “0, how I hate thy beams." In Lord Byron this dispowers for the purpose of checking the advance of in. position was to be found, not only as it regarded Chris- Itten and Manners. fidelity. It were easy to prove the inconsistency of this tianity and revealed religion, but all natural religion; he crime with truth and reason: the misery and despair it had touched the boundaries of heaven, losing himself in occasioned among those who were under its contagious the infinity of his rash speculations; but he had drawn no

'TIS FORTY YEARS SINCE. influence were sufficient to carry conviction to every empyreal air. His muse had not wet his brows with reflecting mind. The preacher then remarked, that a the holy afflatus. His poetry evinced that he was as

FROM THE GERMAN OF CRANZ, BY L. MAN, OF LIVERPOOL mournful event had recently occurred to which he con- far from God as he was from every other kind of reliceived it was a necessary obligation imposed on him to gion. In his works he had made frequent reference to

[Translated expressly for the Kaleidoscope.] advert-he alluded to the death of Lord Byron ; mournful Christianity. In the production he had left unfinished, it was in one sense-we regarded with sorrow the sudden | he had protested that he had no where arraigoed A prince, whose dominions were not very extensive, bu extinction of genius, for it was the brightest glory of the Christ, or introduced any allusion to the holy incarnation; who was determined to enjoy his power to the ulmost, ha intellectual world. We followed rank and greatness to but there was not a solitary idea throughout his writings reserved to himself the exclusive privilege of hunting the grave with emotions of regret, but if genius was that could associate his speculations or ethics with our and he watched with much greater care and anxiety ove greatness debased that order of society of which it ought rity. Whatever promises Christianity

held out, he re the welfare of his dogs, than over that of any of his other to have been the Corinthian capital and ornament, our viled and denied: if its ministers sinned, he never con. subjects. To the former he was a kind and benevolen sorrow was converted into speculations on the designs of descended to mark the difference between the crime and master; but woe to the human beings who had the mis Providence in removing the possessor and abuser of such the creed. Was it a matter to excite surprise, that, when fortune of incurring his displeasure. The best employment pre-eminent gifts. There was a generosity which inclined infidelity received the encouragement of such a man as us to bury all faults in the tomb; it was a feeling that Lord Byron, every warehouse of inspiety should be con- in the state were given to those who displayed most still i ought to be indulged, if the mischief arising out of those stantly pouring forth its blasphemies? The second proof the chace, whatever might be their other good or bal faults did not survive; but if an individual had lived only of his assumption, with

regard to his Lordship's

character, qualities ; and the predilections of his Highness were s to scatter the seeds of moral pestilence, and died in the was the identity of his philosophy with that of the modern well known, that even young men of respectability sad midst of his unboly exertions, it became those who were infidel school : it was the nature of that school to be dis- mitted to the drudgery of forest service, in order to of acquainted

with the extent of the subtle poison he had satisfied with the existing state of things, and to promote tain advancement in other branches. circulated, to guard others against its demoralizing effects. innovation ; under the mark of philanthropy it aimed at Those who wished to counteract the pernicious system he the destruction

of all the charities of human life; the Such was the case with Adolph, the only son of 3 wol had sought to establish or confirm, ought not to be de. serpent's splendid garb concealed the serpent's venom. thy officer, and the betrothed lover of an amiable woman terred by the name of character of the individual-more It was the character of true wisdom to be cautious, but he felt no inclination for the rough and cruel sports of th was due to the living than the dead, and, although no the infidel was bold and presumptuous. It was fabled of field; but the favourite pointer of the Prince had bee man of good feelings would insult the dead, yet when it Truth, that, at her birth, she had been hewn to pieces ; appeared that the deceased, while living, had associated his the true philosopher endeavoured to collect them; the placed under his particular care, and the dawn of the name with those of Bolingbroke, Hume, Gibbon, and Vol. infidel would destroy every vestige of her existence. He morning found him prepared to join his rude compaticos taire,-as their memory had been attacked, nothing ought was at variance with every thing in the shape of religion. He cast a parting glance at fair Eliza's window, and he to protect him, who had made a mockery and a scorn of The triumph of the Epicureans had been the presage of was delighted on seeing it open, but still more so on hear breast; and more particularly when his death appeared principles in another form had excited that Revolution in ing himself addressed by his beloved. Her anxiety ha to have given a new impetus to the purchase and perusal a neighbouring country, which, after shaking Europe to not allowed her to sleep, and slie could not think of le

of lis works, and his mysterious productions were at- her foundation, had produced only anarchy and disap- ting him set off without a farewell. The conversatia tempted to be made the standard of taste. Upon such an pointment. How much was it to be deplored, that so was short, but delicious, and it increased the young man occasion, the public ought to be guarded against the moral bright a genius as Heaven had bestowed on the Noble reluctance for the chace: the approaching chorus of bera evil that might be thrown into circulation. No truth was Poet should have been tarnished by principles of so demore evident than that great writers promoted the ruin or moralizing a tendency; he whose name might have gone admonished him, however, of his task, and he bastened i happiness of the people to whom their writings were down to posterity associated with those of Shakspeare and reach his post. addressed. If they strengthened the social principles, Milton. The third and less equivocal evidence of his The Sovereign hiniself led his favourite Diana by if, on a solid foundation, they reared a beautiful super. character was his having endeavoured to remove all in- silken string to the meeting place, and he charged Adopt and the embellishments of sculpture and painting should liest works had betrayed bis impiety. "Hopes had stiri on his life, not to let her go before the proper time. Sa assist in conveying their fame to future generations; but been entertained that this erratic star would have returned had to perform a most conspicuous part in the prepare if, like Lucifer, a son of light fell from his sphere, and to a more benign sphere. Alas! the illusion soon va- drama; and as no doubt of her abilities could possib carried ruin and desolation in his course, what onght to nished. it had been the undeviating object of his exist- exist, it was the intention of the Prince to bestow upe be our emotions when the career of such a being was ence to give a popular form to Atheism, and to specula- her the honours of the golden collar before the close who could be actiated by any sensations than such as ing his impious volumes, like grenades, into the heart of the day. The peasants of a whole county had been would succeed the removal of a scourge and calamity. bis native city, regardless of the devastation they com- in requisition to assemble the inhabitants of the fores Thus far he had assumed the infidelity of the Noble Poet: mitted. The preacher then more pointedly adverted to and to drive them into the hands of the expecting hunter ---True it was, he had not, like the blasphemer, avowed The Mystery of Cain, which, he said, he had attentively who were armed for the attack with every species of mi in so many words the necessity of atheism ; but, as far as perused, in hopes of finding someone isolated passage sile weapons, and supported

by all the experienced do it was to be inferred from the spirit and character of his which might extenuate the guilt of its author ; but, after whilst promising candidates were placed near the scene diffuse the baneful and anti-social principle through the considered it throughout as a work holding forth en- action, to profit by the example. Diana was among medium of his most exquisite and unrivalled poetry, couragement to the infidel. In this dramatic perform. latter, and Adolph's duty consisted in showing to h and so far he was to be contemplated as one of the most ance the head and the heart of every Christian were what was going on, without suffering her to take a sha decided and avowed enemies of social happiness. This assailed ; the delusions its perusel were calculated

to in the sport, until he should receive positive orders fro total alienation from the spirit and influence of all reli- upon this part of the subject, he expressed his hope that the father of the country. The young man did hiss gion, which pervaded the whole of his productions. It every exertion would be made to check the growth of most to comply with the request, but, unfortunately was extraordinary that a man, possessed of his unrivalled infidelity; it was the germ of every vice; it armed the wounded boar rushed upon him, at a moment when i talents, and splendid mental endowments, should so stu- passions; to its influence was to be attributed the evils general attention

was directed to another quarter

, and ! calculated to promote human happiness, and have adopted ter destitution of honour and integrity, the friend betrayed, cries for assistance proved unavailing: he defended but a discordant system of ethics, which, he must have been the tradesmen defrauded, and the various other crimes of self in the best manner he could; but it was impossit sensible, had uniformly and invariably been productive which it was parent. Poetry, he observed, was a fruitful to do this, and to watch Diana at the same time: the of crime and calamity. He must have been aware, that, source of amusement and

instruction ; by the

combination ter no sooner felt herself at liberty than ske displayed for the purpose of opposing an antidote to so destructive of impressions it conveyed, the character of our youth courage, by attacking the infuriated wild animal with a system, many things had been resorted to in the ancient was formed : it was our delight in early life, and our her might, and the relief came very seasonably for h Socrates, Plato, and the most enlightened sages of an- ter qualified than Lord Byron to confer on the present age keeper : he was thereby enabled to make

a vigorous pu tiquity had devoted

themselves to this great object, but I and future generations its advantages. Circumstances, in with his spear, and to bury it deep in the flanks of

demy. This was hardly accomplished before the other wood, which is itself a bad conductor of heat, and, there-out by the expansion. The required situation of the fluid haters returned towards Adolph; they complimented fore, prevents the possibility

of small degrees of radiated in the graduated leg of the instrument may be easily fixed Lim on his achievement ; but, alas! their congratulations circumstance also induced Mr.

G. to construct another that is necessary to be done is to warm the principal bulb were soon changed into pity, when they perceived that form of the instrument, in which this bulb is entirely a second time, so as first to drive all the Auid into the the push had not been quick enough to prevent the boar removed. This form of the thermometer is represented in upper bulb

of the instrument. The expansion is now to item exerting his tasks at the expense of Diana, and that figure 2, above. The fluid, it will be observed, rests on be increased a little more, so as to expel a small bubble or both the animals were expiring at the same time.

the commencement of the capillary opening in the tube at two of gas through this fluid. The hand must now be Adolph's intended bride was waiting for him in the An expansion of the gas, in this case, will displace a por- the bulb, the fluid will again return and fall lower in the

the bottom of the bulb, over which the gas is contained. removed, and as a condensation of the gas takes place in garden, and she had already been visiting all the favourite tion of the fluid and drive it up the tube, as in the other scale. This may be repeated a second or a third time, places at which he used to meet her; she had wandered form of the instrument: and for some experiments per until the fluid stands at the point desired. If, by accident from arbor to arbor, and from the grove to the water. haps this will be a better construction; but when it is or intention, an excess of the gas has been driven out by fall, until she thought is high time to expect him at the considered that the inside of this bulb will be occasionally expansion, the whole of the Auid will be drawn into the dor : there she had stood for a good while, listening to every position of the instrument, &c. &c. the first will be re. tied on the end of the tube) which may be necessary to sound, and hoping every moment to hear the well-known garded as the most valuable, and least likely to occasion balance the external atmospheric pressure, will bubble beloved foot-steps, when suddenly an uncommon noise inaccurate results, when provided with the guard above through the fluid in this bulb and pass into the lower one. attracted ber attention ; it seemed to be in the direction of stated.

The scientific man will observe, that ady change of It may be worthy of remark here, that this latter kind temperature in experiment, however low, may be meaAdolph's dwelling; but Eliza could only hear cries, ex

may be made still more simply than the one represented, sured by this instrument. To fit it for measuring small clamations, and broken words: she hastended to learn the by introducing a straight capillary tube into a bulb, Alask, changes of heat, at a very low temperature, the bulb must cause, and entered the house of mourning. God! what a or small matrass, of thin glass, to within a line of its bot- be placed in a freezing mixture, the temperature of which sight! ber own dear Adolph lay stretched on a bier, pale, tom, and fixing it in this situation, by sealing or cement- is previously ascertained; in that case a proportionate disfigured, and bleeding ; his mother kneeling motionless ing the neck of the

matrass to the tube at that part where condensation would be effected, and the air or gas find its at his side, and not daring to cast another giance at her it enters... A little fluid at the bottom of the flask, so as to way through the liquid into the bulb, to preserve a baexpiring son ; whilst the father tore his venerable grey tube, will be pressed up through its bore by the expansion the coloured kuid would always rest on a point at the has, and attered maledictions against the tyrant who had of the air or gas in the bulb, analogous to that in the commencement of the capillary tube where it opens into thus dared to outrage humanity. The physician alone others already described ; because, after the neck has been the bulb, until any increase of temperature, from that seemed to be collected; and, after having admonished sealed to the tube, its capillary bore will be the only open- in which the bulb has been introduced, is applied; in that Eliza to be collected too, he very quietly pronounced that ing from which it can escape from the bulb when the gas case it would act by driving a portion up the scale' as pre

viously stated. As the gas never freezes, the instrument the young man was dead. The frantic father caught the

The delicacy of the instrument, in either of the forms may be employed in the lowest possible temperature that fainting maiden in his arms, and bid her to weep; but previously described, will depend on the respective

diame- art is capable of producing. Det for love, no! for humanity's sake. “Your Adolph is iers of the bores of the tubes, when compared to the di- It is absolutely necessary, in the construction of this inis gone,” he said, * but what of that ? he might have ameters of the bulbs. It may be made sensible to almost strument, that the upper end of the capillary tube should perished by a shot or by a fall with his horse, and I should thousandth part of a degree of Farenheit may be accu- iluid can possibly take place; for if a large bulb be blown

any change of temperature : in fact, as before stated, the be open to the atmosphere, otherwise no free action of the have borne it like a nan and like a Christian; but he is rately read off

, provided the principal bulb be painted on the top, and hermetically sealed, it would not only premurdered, basely, cruelly murdered ; not by the hand of black and filled with pure gas; its size, at the same time, vent the free motion of the Auid

in the tube by its elasti, an assassin-; no, by the command of a monster in human being one inch and a half in diameter, and that of the city, but being itself liable to be affected by accidental shape; he fell under ignominious blows like a slave; he, when thus constructed, will indicate a change of tem to that action, small as it might be, and therefore be the

bore of the tube being about a line. The instrument, temperatures, would constantly oppose different resistance the pride of my manhood, and the hope of my old age, perature immediately on the opening or shutting of a cause of constant error. psys with his own life for the life of a dog which he door, in an apartment when the temperature differs but The various degrees of pressure of the atmosphere at was unable to save. In vain we fell at the feet of the little from that without. If taken from an apartment in certain times, on the other hand, may be opposed to the barbarian, and entreated for mercy, if not for justice: which there has been no fire for several days, it will show accuracy of the

instrument, when it has its end open ; this strike on! was the reply; and the minions of the villain under similar circumstances. In the open air it is strongly ter, and may easily be rectified by calculation.

a difference of temperature on being taken into another pressure, however, can always be known by the baromeFere base enough to obey.” Thus the father ; but the affected by currents ; a fact which proves that the atmos- The evaporation of the coloured spirit may be adduced physicians of the residence declared unanimously, that the phere is not of the same temperature throughout. This as an objection to the instrument. This inconvenience has young man had died of an apoplectic fit.

effect is produced when there is no sunshine ; but in a day been most happily removed by sir A. Carlisle, to whom when the sun-beams occasionally break through the the scientific world is already so much indebted; be pro

clouds, the effect on the Thermometer in a current is very poses that a solution of sulphuric acid shall be exposed to Scientific Records.

interesting, arising from those portions of air, which, at a the open air, until it has received or lost sufficient mois

distance, have been partially warmed by the transitory ture to be in a state liable neither to evaporate nor to abComprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improre. rays of the sun strongly affecting the instrument when sorb humidity. In this state it is to be coloured and inments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin they impinge on its bulb. In fact, in the open air, on troduced into the instrument, as the fluid for indicating gular Medical Cases ; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi- such a day, the fluid in the instrument is never at rest. In the degree of expansion. A solution of caustic potash, Lassophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical experiments on the temperature of liquid bodies, the re- muriate of lime, &c. treated in the same way may be emPhenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History; sults are still more interesting For instance; expose ployed, but the former he considers the best fluid for the Vegetation, &c; Antiquities, &c.; List of Patents;

–different quantities of water separately in four or five glass purpose. to be contnued in a series through the Volume.) jars to the open air, and at the same time it will be found,

in a very short period, that the water in each vessels will 4 DESCRIPTIVE ACCOUNT OF TWO THERMO. indicate a different temperature-a circumstance connected The theory that there areopen seas round both the Earth's MICROMETERS, with radiation-a fact hitherto only suspected.

Poles, has received strong corroboration within the last The almost inconceiveable delicacy of this instrument, few months. We have now on our table a letter from a Invented by Goldsworthy Gurney, Esq. when added to the capability it furnishes of being em naval officer at Drontheim who notices the fact that

Capt. ployed in detecting the temperature of Auids, renders it Sabine had good weather, and reached 800 81: porth lati(som XO. L. OF THE METROPOLITAN LITERARY JOURNAL.)

one of apparently great value in scientific investigation; tude without obstruction from the ice, so that the expedi

and particularly at this time, when so much is accomplished tion might easily have proceeded farther had its object so (Concluded from our last.]

by the agency of heat, and when so much of our national required. And we have also had the pleasure to meet reThe delicacy of the instrument is such, that if the hand prosperity depends on the success of our various manu-cently with a British officer, who, with two vessels under be brought within a short distance of the bulb, the Auid factures.

his command, last season, penetrated to 74° 25' south lati. will rise in the graduated tube several degrees. Mr.

G. It may be useful to state the manner in which the ther. tude in the Antarctic circle, which is above three degrees found an inaccuracy in one or two experiments arising mometer is filled with hydrogen or any other gas. AU beyond Cook's utmost limit. Here he found the sea per. fron this cause. In one experiment he observed, that the the atmospheric air is first driven out of the tubes, bulbs, fectly clear of ice, and might have prosecuted his voyage pirit rose in the tube when the instrument was taken out &c. by giving them a heat nearly of redness; at this towards the Pole, if other considerations had permitted. fa faid whose temperature he knew was higher than moment the open end of the tube is to be introduced into There was no field ice in sight towards the South ; and hat of the atmosphere. On inquiring into the cause of this a jar (or, what is better, a bottle with a small neck) of the water was inhabited by many fioned and humpStor

, he observed that he had unconsciously placed his hydrogen gas. The bulbs, &c. are now to be cooled as backed whales. The longitude was between the South Piger in contact with the middle bulb of the thermometer, quickly as possible, so that the sudden condensation may Shetland Islands, lately discovered, and Sandwich land : the act of removing it from the liquid ; consequently draw up and fill them with the gas before it has had time this proves the former to be an archipelago (as was teruall portion of gas contained above the surface of to escape from the jar or bottle in which it is contained. De duid in this bulb, was expanded by the heat from the

supposed) and not a continent. The voyage is remark

The coloured spirit is introduced by first pouring a few able as being the utmost South upon record, and we se, and pressed the fluid up the tube, as just noticed. drops into the open bulb on the top of the instrument, hope to be favoured with other particulars of it. At is circumstance shows the care necessary to be observed and then displacing a few bubbles of the gas through it, present we have only to add, that the variations of the sexperiments with this instrument ; and as it is possible by slightly warming the principal tube with the

hand needle were extraordinary, and the more important as they het adventitious causes may act on the middle tube under As condensation takes place, the

Auid will descend through could not readily be explained by the philosophical prin Mae circumstances in experiments, however carefully, the capillary tube, and ultimately into the middle bulb, to ciples at present maintained on the subject. Literary educted, Mr. G. covers this bulb with a thick piece of supply the place of the gas which has just been driven Gazelle,

POLAR SEA3.

That we do think it were not wrong if we
Did name it - Manchester epitome.

Now is the month when cits incline to roam,
Grown quite uneasy, think of quitting home.
No sooner thought, than quickly they decide,
To throw their books, pro tempore, aside;
A sacrifice requiring all their force,

And straight to Southport steer their steady course.
Poetry.

Observe, we speak as suiting to the theme,
Though steering on the land most odd may seem:
But while the Pilot runs there thrice a week,

On such anomalies we need not speak.
TO THE WINDS.

And true it is, on board the Wigan boat

Their wives and families are soon afloat ; What moaning spirit of the viewless air

Along the smooth canal they sluggish sail, Sweeps by with melancholy wailing,

Without one stitch of canvas 'fore the gale; Telling a witch-like story of despair

The hardy cockswain at the helm you view, To night's lone echoes, o'er the hill-top stealing?

Sternly resolv'd to steer the vessel true,

Though lock and turn-bridge often cross his way, Hark how it swells upon the rising gale,

And in his “north-west voyage" cause delay; In plaintive cadence wild; now dies away

If not a “steamer," yet of two horse power, Like Love's last whisper, or the stifled wall

Its passage speedy—just three knots an hour Of weeping orphan, on the hapless day

From morn to eve; all dread of danger past, That saw it homeless, parentless, forlorn;

At Scarisbrick bridge they safe arrive at last,

Where, like to claiming customs on the coast, Bereft, alas! of hope, and all that binds

The hulk is boarded by a clamorous host The pining exile to his prison lorn!

of boys and Jarvies, lords of caravans, And now, careering on the mighty winds,

Carts, coaches, jaunting-cars and shandry-dans. Hark the full chorus of the lofty hymn,

Like hookers-in soliciting pell mell

To drive to Barlow's or to Clare's Hotel. Pealing harmonious an angelic strain,

Thus far the journey.-How shall we pourtray Such as might well befit bright seraphim,

The end of travelling forty miles per day? Or soul redeemed, to higher regions ta'en,

The sweet approach, say how shall we report With saints for aye to dwell. Tell me, ye mystic sounds,

To this “most fashionable gay resort?"| From whence proceed ye? say, from earth or heaven?

Uneven pavement shaking out one's breath,

Dismal and rough as Bunyan's Vale of Death, And where your limits, your allotted bounds

And strangers for a time express surprise By what unseen magiclan hither driven,

When naught but sand-hills meet their wond'ring eyes; Viewless as awful spirit of the deep,

Anon the church the carriage heaves in sight, That o'er the unbúried corse in coral cave,

The Hesketh Arms, and Playhouse to the right;

At further end of what is term'd " the town," Chaunting the seaman's dirge, does vigil keep,

The castellated towers of

frown. His palace built upon the briny wave?

On what, or whom? the thrifty sons of trade Tell me, what are ye, that above, around,

Who hold abode in Wellington Parade, .. Unseen, while felt, breathe such mysterious awe, And here, just by, on Coronation Walk As if the solid earth were fairy ground,

An odd divan of “new arrivals," talk,

Curious to know your quality or name, And ye the genii eye of man ne'er saw?

What your profession and from whence you came, Tell me but vain I ask ye of your birth,

Nay, absolutely stare at all they meet, Known but to God! and whence or where ye go,

New faces pass and old ones faintly greet; Shall never creature of this lower earth,

Though strange to all, still there's a busy few

Will ask “How's trade?" and “Pray what have you new?" Child of mortality, be given to know !

The night passid o'er, at morn behold a band And all I ask is this; that still ye bid

Of lovely damsels troop along the sand, Your harps' wild melody around me swell,

Yclad in flannel dress of blue or red, Tiu, the green sod my last and tranquil bed,

And oil-case cap, as covering for the bead; Ye sound, ye moaning winds, my funeral knell !

With joy they hasten to the blue marine,

And patient wait their turn for a machine;

G.
Liverpool

And, it is said, those they prefer to call
Of "handsome John,” and eke "sweet William” Ball!

Like to the Naiads, as we read at school,
TO THE EDITOR.

They quick descend, and trouble well the pool;
SIR,—Perhaps the manners of Manchester men may not Heedless of being seen by vulgar men,
be unfitting to your Kaleidoscope, which, like the toy from They dash and splash, and splash and dash again;
whence it derives its name, contains so much variety. I And though these feats the grinning beaux discern,
therefore send you the following sketch, which, though ill They scorn to show a symptom of concern.

No further we pursue this luscious strain, drawn, may perhaps be recognised as a faithful portraiture: Lest we at least by some be deemed profane;

And then run down without the least alarm,
Or walk to Churchtown, or to find “Lost Farm;"
Some to old Harry Rimmer's pleased will go,
And to his fiddle point the pliant toe;
Some look for shells, which here are very rare,
And gain th'advantage of the sea-side air.
The morning gone, they hasten home to dress
For early dinner (militaire the mess ;)
Prepared at two at cottage or hotel,
Made known to all by ringing of a bell,
With whetted appetites—by man and maid
The welcome summons gladly is obey'd.
On this corporeal feast we will not treat,
But leave them for an hour or two to eat,
Pass onward, and decline the task to tell,
The joy of taking wine with every belle,
Or while old topers pass the bottle round,
Or some preferring billiards are found,
Straight to Miss Whiteley's magasin repair,
And chatter scandal with a host of fair,
To lounge or read, to ruffle or to view
The shells and kickshaws, (more polite bijoux,)
And while below the young ones lisp soft love,
Old dad is poring over news above;
Sometimes a few choice spirits here we find
Nobly dispos'd to please the public mind;
Raise a subscription for a pony race,
A sailing match, or treacle-dip the face;
Running in sacks—a crown for him who'll try
To steer a soap-tail'd pig into his sty;
An awkward helm all freely must confess
To prove the natives' nautical address.
Many have witness'd this superior sport,
And seen the porker piloted to port!

But lo! the evening comes, and now begin
The sports and pastimes of the world within;
And from these out-door games must now desist
As the old folks retire for rubs at whist,
While youth and beauty dress'd in flounce and frill
Haste to the ball, as they prefer quadrille ;
Some to the play, which should not be despised,
Where th’School for Scandal is most scandaliz'd.
With scenes like these diurnally they close,
At length out-wearied, cheerful seek repose.

Each day with like pursuits is occupied,
Thus to pourtray them I have humbly tried,
And hasten now to lay the pencil down,
And, via Lytham, to return to town;
But such a rage for Meols the ladies take,
That Blackpool, Lytham, toute-le-monde forsake,
For such a name hath this said sandy spot,
That both, alas! are now well-nigh forgot,
And nought is left, a stanza to inspire,
Save Ellen Gillet and her red attire,
Her hat, her lappets, oh! the jolly dame,
She ranks the first and best of bathing fame!
Farewell, farewell! ye healthy sea-girt lands
Of star-bills, sea-gulls, sea-shells, shrimps and sands:
Thanks for our renovated health we pour,
May muscles, cockles, crowd upon your shore;
Turbot and cod and perriwinkle be
Procur'd in plenty from the Irish Sea;
To every cottage and to every inn
May strangers swarm, and all be taken in;
Thus adding yearly to your wealth's increase,
And to your hearth's true happiness and peace.

[graphic]

Though true it is, as almost all agree,
SOUTHPORT alias NORTH MEOLS.

The men in sailing-boats are worse than we

These navigators bold are most to blame “The beach is plain, open, and level, and at this time is Who tack, and re-tack, without sense of shame; much used for sea-bathing ***. The coast, as it retires inland,

consists of a chain of barren sand-hills, which are "Keep within compass” not their maxim here, now, and were probably then (Elizabeth's reign) used as a The ladies' eyes the stars by which they steer! rabbit-warren.-King of the Peak.

Yet why condemn these innocent delights?
" What! none aspire?

Who could help sailing by such floating lights?
I snatch the lyre,

Or while such fair Marinæf held their stations,
And plunge into the foaming wave.
They spread in air

Who'd think of taking lunar observations
Their bosoms fair,

Now, as retires the health-conducing wave,
Their verdant tresses pour behind:

The beaux depart to breakfast or to shave;
The billows beat

Meanwhile these sea-nymphs, or the glowing fair,
With nimble feet,
With notes triumphant swell the wind."-Young.

Haste to the toilet to arrange their hair;

Après déjeuner, early yet the day, As "part and parcel" of our native land

Only appear in simple negligé, Might be esteem'd that far-famed desert strand,

And as it is the custom'd "turn of tide," Southport yclep'd—to which our gentle fair

Engage the ponies for a morning ride, At stated seasons of the year repair ;

(Alas! poor brutes, they're almost ridden to death,) And busy burghers court a little ease,

Or ramble up the sand-hills, out of breath,
From wonted toil, ť inhale the wholesome breeze;
So much of native manners here we trace,

See Wheeler's Chronicle, for its occasional panegyric on
Meet at each step some friend's familiar face;.

this place and Lytham.

' Marina, a surname of Venus; would not Anadyomene • Campbell.

be better?

Manchester, Aug. 5th, 1824. GEOFFREY GIMCRACK

Some of the pastimes, I imagine, are not to be found Strutt; such as the elegant amusement termed treacle ping, which, I believe, found its way here from some in the neighbourhood of Bolton.

For those to whom it al not be familiar, 1 add a short description. A large dish placed on an exalted

station, and into it is poured a quant of treacle till about 3 or 4 inches in depth; a few shillings sixpences are then thrown in. Needy adventurers then their teeth; upon which, their faces are wiped with feathe thus forming altogether a most delicious spectacle.

In the last case the tail of the poor animal is shaved, a well rubbed with soft soap, so as to render it dimeult of tention. Probably the arts and mysteries of these spo are so well known, that our notes may be unnecessary fice it, such are the intellectual entertainments provided the recreation of idle tradesmen at Southport! They

wall we think, be more in their place at a village wake, or er at Little London fair.

WRITTEN WHILE CONFINED BY A LAME FOOT.

In dull confinement bere I mope,

And for more freedom pant:
I do not wish for boundless scope

A foot is all I want.
Liverpool

H.CH

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