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Literary and Scientific Mirror.
his famillar Miscellany, from whichreligious and political matters are excluded, contains a varietyof original and selected Articles: comprehending Literature, Criticism, Men and Manners, Amusement, Elegant Extracts, Poetry, Anecdotes, Biography, Meteorology, the Drama, Arts and Sciences, Wit and Satire, Fashions, Natural History, &c. &c. forming a handsome Annual Yolume, with an Index and Title-page.--Its circulation renders it a most eligible medium for Literary and Fashionable Advertisements.—Regular supplies are forwarded weekly to the Agents.
No. 221.- Vol. V.
TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1824.
by Lady Emily at her netting, or that would not be smiled | young man of common powers coming to London with a Literature, Criticism, &c.
upon by that quintessential spirit of the Holy Alliance, manuscript in his pocket, which is to make his fortune, Prince Metternich himself, who smiles on every body, in- sinking finally into a hackney writer of all work, is any
cluding the Countesses of submissive Counts, who know thing but new; and possibly nothing can less resemble TALES OF A TRAVELLER.
how to rise in the world as well as English Marquisses. the origin of the existing class of inferior yet necessary We were about to continue the observations we com. To some instances of this excess of Chesterfieldian disci, retainers of the press than Mr. Irving's tale of The menced last week upon the merits of Mr. Washington presently advert
, having expressed quite sufficient in a heart of the author do very extraordinary honour, was it Irving's "Tales of a Traveller," when an unforeseen cir- mere introduction to a brief review of a publication, which, even favourable to his head. In point of fact, the general cumstance occurred which rendered it absolutely necessary whatever its merits, forms no very adequate apology for a verisimilitude of all this has gone by, and for a very mer
cantile reason, there is a more general demand in the fr us to leave home for a short time, uncertain of the pre-world of preface.
One of the peculiarities which we formerly noticed in market. The history of Buckthorne, a supposed merce-ise day of our return. Under these circumstances, and Mr. Irving, is very abundantly made out in his Tales nary of a higher class, is, in his character of a dependant
prehensive that we may be delayed beyond the time for of a Traveller:" we mean this confirmed spirit of imita. on the press a perfect nullity; and as to all the rest of ne publication of the Kaleidoscope, we shall, in lieu of tion, being in tru h a sort of American mockbird. We him, it is hammered out of the Adventures of the Strol. IT OFD remarks, substitute a critique of the Eraminer, shrewdly suspect, that to the appearance and success of ling Player in Goldsmith. There is some pleasantry and pop the genius and writings of Mr. Irving.–Edit
. Kal of Highways and Byways" we owe the present pro- now and then a lively and ingenious turn in the narrative;
duction, being a mixture of that notion with the venerable but in other respects it is trite, shadowy, and factitious,
one of the Canterbury Tales. We are first given to un. from beginning to end. (FROM THE EXAMINER.)
derstand, that the traveller fell sick at an inn in Mentz, The third part takes us to an Italian inn at Terracina, On the appearance of Bracebridge Hall, we were led and composed these volumes during period of conva the entire section being devoted to adventures among the Ito a somewhat formal expression of our sense of the me. lescence. With little attention to this machinery, for Italian banditti. There is a pleasant portrait of an Eng
and defects of Mr. Irving; and we perceive nothing such we suppose it to be, the first part is entitled : Tales lish Milord given here, but still with a due attention to the present volumes to modify
the opinion we then de- of a Nervous Gentleman," a personification of him who the opinion of good company. The depictured Morgue is ared, either as to the extent of his powers and acquire was supposed to relate the very pleasant story of the only an apparent defect, and so represented as to form a ents, or to that peculiar direction of them, which ensures - Stout Gentleman” in Bracebridge Hall
. They are re. very distinguishing attribute of rank and high qualities. m to large a portion of fashionable favour. In confor- lated as if told at the hunting dinner of a gentlemanly We have heard that certain literary Americans can assume ing All what we then observed, we learn that the ap- although fox-hunting bachelor of a Baronet, by the dif- this amiable icyness as well as English great men; pose earance of these tales has been anxiously looked for in ferent guests, and are rather incidents or isolated adven- sibly Mr. Irving can say whether we are well informed
or e vell-bred circles, to whom, after all, that is ever the tures than tales ; bearing out our general observation, that not? Whether or no, we can only say, that setting aside best welcome which sails smoothly on the current of their the leading faculty of Mr. Irving is a light and pleasant what nature or nationality may have to do with this haudominant associations, without startling them by any power of combining, reminiscences, for of positive inventeur and apparent insensibility, the solemn coxcombry of iguing originality of thought, or offending them with tion there is scarcely an iota. Indeed, our author ex. its assumption is in the highest degree ridiculous. “Gra
intrusion of a sentiment which can disturb the self-hibits a little consciousness on this score, for in his vity being of the essence of imposture," the reserved fool mplacency, which is their elysium. In the article to address to the reader, he calls very apprehensively for the melancholy and gentlemanly Master Stephen of hich we allode, we not only endeavoured to show that indulgence. Therefore, although several of these Tales fashion,—is always the most amusing as a study, and we le Washington Irving was essentially a writer of this are pleasant in themselves, there is scarcely one of them have frequently seen the fancied eagle look exceedingly kas, bet that the curiosity is enhanced, and the approba- which is not traceable
in its elements if not in its concoc- like an owl, even allowing
that the Tenth do fight.' on more pointed, in consequence of so complete a con- tion. “The Adventure of my Uncle," for instance, is With respect to the banditti portraiture in this sketch, we Kion, to the tone of the best company, of an American in character and locality a loan from the introduction to can say little, or only what we have said before,--that the publican,-if in sinking the sentiment,
Mr. I. has not Quentin Durward. “The German Student" is an avowed strange emotions and wilder passions are not within the giren up the name. Composition from an Anglo: piece of borrowing, and if we recollect aright, the only grasp of Mr. Irving. The
invention in these tales is next to Lerican, exhibiting no small portion of the grace and thing not borrowed is a sneer at German mysticism, nothing; almost every incident being derivable and proenity of the Addisonian school in point of expression, and the destructive fervour
of mind and Auctuation of vocative of reminiscences. We may also observe here, that without the occasional annoyance of a sentiment principle prevalent at the era of the French revolution that Mr. Irving might have found
out that London
Alderis bald as even Addison's whiggism, is a curiosity in From the Tale intitled “ The Mysterious Picture” in men are improveable, like other people, and that they do
world of fashion; not to mention the insinuating pro- this collection, we expected something forcible in the not amass fortunes with precisely the same greasy unin. ties of a studied attention to all the established notions development, but it exceedingly disappoints; and, to tellectuality as in days of yore. The very mechanics in the individuals composing it, with respect to them- say the truth, Mr. Irving is not a man to deal with the merry London town,” would not in a foreign tour beche adoptions of their self-love, and what they whirlwind of passion—those tempests of mind which strip tray the ignorance of his Alderman Popkins, or of the tink they think” in relation to a whereabout so impor- human nature of its surface, and discover the primary Hobbses and the Dobbses, his satellites. 'Being especially Thus it was our former province to expose a mere anatomy of the soul. To say nothing of length and im- protected by the gentry, and instructed by the clergy, igto the picture gallery of any given Knight of the portance of Mrs. Ratcliffe, who did all that a woman can norance so gross is now only to be found among peasantry.
in order to embody therefrom revived versions of do in this department, Mr. Irving must not pretend to Be it also known to Mr. Irving, that Garrick left off the Poverleys, the Whimbles, the Honeycombs, the Li. bear up the train. By far the best piece in this commenc performance of the London Cuckolds” more than half a
da a set of personages, who, however amusing in ing portion of the story-telling, is **The Bold Dragoon,” century ago, because he thought such general assumptions ume, have become defunct; or, if not absolutely des related in the person of an Irish Captain of cavalry. It is very gross. Aldermen are still liable to the latter misfor.
, who exhibit in their present avators very different airy and pleasant in the extreme, although, from an author tune, although not quite so much so as courtiers ; but it racteristics. As Madame de Stael observed, in refer- not so entirely on the right side, we might suspect the is no longer polite to assume the fact as of course. May to a similar fatiguing recurrence to the personages purity of its morality.
not the imputed ignorance of the Municipality of London manners of the time of Louis XIV., “ Astolpho's The materiel of the next division, which is entitled claim a similar indulgence ? Besides and we are sure e is the best of all possible mules ;—it has but one " Buckthorne and his friends," is collected, " sans peur that we shall here be attended to, as Sir William Curtis Lil is dead;" a quip, by which even the Great Un- at sans reproche," from the Essays and Citizen of the has recently visited Italy—some readers may chuse to Fa may profit, should his evil genius tempt him to the World of Oliver Goldsmith; the Literary Dinner," Popkinise that rosy amateur of turtle; and is not Mr. ion of any more jacobite heroism in the style of Red- borrowing additionally from the similar dinner described Irving aware, that some of the very highest company en. det. In respect to Mr. Irving, however, the form- by Smollett in Humphry
Clinker, as given by himself to dure him? Here is a slip much more serious than want of a taste and of exclusive associations is not so ex- his corps of reviewers. It is pleasant, in reference to a of noveltywe trust that Mr. Irving will despatch an ex. linary in itself, as in the individual in which it ap- conversing and a carving partner, in the persons of the planatory gilt-edged note to the father of the city forth. : we cannot exactly say,
bookselling firm who give this dinner ; but we can only with. The omission may be serious. We know the thing is neither rich nor rare,
say, that if the lofty Mr. Murray has told Mr. Irving that Would, however, that the foregoing was the only de. Bat wonder how the devil it got there
he arranges his guests above and below the salt, in the fect in the Banditti Tales; but without requiring politi. De we are by no means insensible to the graceful po- form of a Russian nobleman's table, at which the visitors cal observations out of place, we cannot help feeling some Mz. Irving and to the well-bred ease of his humour; at the lower end drink inferior wine, while those at the disgust at a writer, who, in describing such a state of re only at a loss to account for that absolute submis- bead swallow claret, he has satirised himself more than society as these stories treat of, is never led into a single to the craving-room, which he so invariably mani, his said guests, and his Laureats and Crispinusses more generous remark upon the grossness of the tyranny and Not a sentiment which could possibly be queried than his " poor devils.” The often-told story of a vain oppression, which can reduce an energetic and capable
". But what ri
THE AMERICAN USURER.
people into a mental and social bondage so gloomily and always does with buried treasure, particularly when it has in all directions, and an axe on his shoulder. He scom inexorably destructive. Not a word, however, of this been ill gotten. Be that as it may, Kidd never returned for a moment at Tom with a pair of great red eyes. nature is breathed by our American, in allusion to this to recover his wealth ; being shortly after seized, at Bos. “ What are you doing on my grounds ?" said the b merciless and systematic annihilation of mind and capa- ton, sent out to England, and there hanged for a pirate. man, with a hoarse growling voice.--"Your groun bility in one of the fairest portions of Europe. Advertence About the year 1727, just at the time that earthquakes said Tom with a sneer, no more your grounds is made in another place to the sound of a Prussian drum, were prevalent in New England, and shook many tall mine; they belong to Deacon Peabody." —Deacon i where a Prussian drum had no right to be; and to an sinners down upon their knees, there lived near this place body.be dd,” said the stranger," as I fatter m; Austrian band, where any thing but concord was connected a meagre miserly fellow, of the name of Tom Walker. he will be, if he does not look more to his own sins! with its intrusion; but never is our Republican Tory at a He had a wife as miserly as himself; they were so miserly less to those of his neighbours. Look yonder, and fault. The ligatures of the Holy Alliance, and the gauzy that they even conspired to cheat each other. Whatever how Deacon Peabody is faring." filaments of the best company, cling to him from one end the woman could lay hands on she hid away; a hen could Tom Jooked in the direction that the stranger poin of the book to the other.
not cackle but she was on the alert to secure the new-laid and beheld one of the great trees, fair and flourishings Part the fourth and last consists of a few additional tales egg. Her husband was continually prying about to detect out, but rotten at the core, and saw that it had been ne in the assumed character of Knickerbocker; and, as we her secret hoards, and many and fierce were the conflicts hewn through, so that the first high wind was likel had occasion to remark in our observations upon Brace that took place about what ought to have been common blow it down. On the bark of the tree was scored bridge Hall, they are uniformly the most spirited of Mr. property. They lived in a forlorn-looking house that name of Deacon Peabody, an eminent man, who Irving's inventions, the locality and scenery being, at stood alone, and had an air of starvation. A few strag. waxed wealthy by driving shrewd bargains with the first-hand. Spirit-moving they can scarcely be entitled, gling savin trees, emblems of sterility, grew near it; no dians. He now looked round, and found most of but the humour is pleasant, and the incident and associa- smoke ever curled from its chimney; no traveller stopped tall trees marked with the name of some great man of tion less hacknied. The story of Wolfat Weber, in re- at its door. A diiserable horse, whose ribs were as articu- colony, and all more or less scored by the axe. The ference to force and originality, is the best in the whole late as the bars of a gridiron, stalked about a field where on which he had been seated, and which had evide collection.
a thin carpet of moss, scarcely covering the ragged beds just been hewn down, bore the name of Crownishi To conclude, Mr. Irving is a pleasant, imitative of pudding stone, tantalized and balked his hunger; and and he recoliected a mighty rich man of that name, writer, whose chief merit lies in a light and evanescent sometimes he would lean his head over the t'enc look made a vulgar display of wealth, which it was whispy vein of humour on the surface, a gentle ripple of the mind, piteously at the passer-by, and seem to petition deliverance he had acquired by buccaneering. and a highly polished style. The latter, indeed, is pro. from this land of famine.
" He's just ready for burning!” said the black 2 bably his principal distinction, and, we may almost assert, One day that 'Tom Walker had been to a distant part of with a growl of triumph, “You see I am likely to bat typical of the mind which it conveys,-always smooth and the peighbourhood, he took what he considered a short good stock of firewood for winter.” elegant, without the exhibition of any of those distinctive cut homewards through the swamp. Like most short have you," said Tom, “to cut down Deacon Peabod forns of expression and peculiar collocations with which cuts, it was an ill-chosen route. The swamp was thickly Limber ?” “The right of a prior claim," said the atti originality of conception will invariably clothe itself. The grown with great gloomy. pines and hemlocks, some of This woodland belor
. ged to me long before any of y man of ardent imagination and vigorous conception uni. them ninety feet high, which made it dark at noon-day, white-faced race put a foot upon the soil."_" And pr formly arrays his thoughts in a language of his own; the and a retreat for all the owls of the neighbourhood. who are you, if I may be so bold ?" said Tom." style of Mr. Irving is a highly-wrought general style. was full of pits and quagmires, partly covered with weeds go by various names. I am the wild huntsman in so Dr. Johnson has done barm as a critic in more than one and mosses, where the green surface often betrays the countries, the black miner in others. In this neighbe respect; possibly he did Mr. Irving no rast good when traveller into a gulf of black smothering mud; there hood I am known by the name of the black woedem he observed, that he who would do this thing without that, were also dark and stagnant pools, the abodes of the tad. I am he to whom the red men consecrated this spot
, and that thing without the other, “must give his days pole, the bull-froy, and the water-snake; where the trunks in honour of whom they now and then roasted a #1 and nights to the volumes of Addison."
of pines and hemlocks lay half drowned, half rotten, man, by way of sweet-smelling sacrifice. Since the looking like alligators sieeping in the mire.
men have been exterminated by you white savages Tom had long been picking his way cautiously through amuse myself by presiding at the persecutions of Quak
this treacherous forest; stepping from tuft to tuft of and Anabaptists; I am the great patron and promptar A few miles from Boston, in Massachusetts, there is a rushes and roots, which afforded precarious foot-holds slave dealers, and the grand master of the Salem witche deep inlet winding several miles into the interior of the among deep sloughs, or pacing carefully like a cat, along —"The upshot of all which is, that, if I mistake nå country from Charles Bay, and terminating in a thickly the trunks of trees; stariled now and then by the sudden said Tom, sturdily, “ you are he commonly called a wooded swamp or morass. On one side ot this inlet is a screaming of the bittern, or the quacking of a wild duck, Scratch.”—“The same, at your service,” replied the blad beautiful dark grore : on the opposite side the land rises rising on the wing from some solitary pool. At length man, with a half-civil nod. abruptly from the water's edge into a high ridge, on which he arrived at a piece of firm ground, which ran out like a Such was the opening of this interview, according to the grew a few scattered oaks of great age and immense size. peninsula into the deep bosom of the swamp. It had been old story; though it has almost too familiar an air to Under one of these gigantic trees, according to old stories, one of the strong holds of the Indians during their wars credited." One would think, that to meet with such a si there was a great amount of treasure buried by Kidd the with the first colonists. Here they had thrown up a kind gular personage, in this wild, lonely place, weuld ha pirate. The inlet allowed a facility to bring the money of fort, which they had looked upon as almost in pregna. shaken any man's nerves; but Tom was a hard-mind secretly, and at night to the very foot of the hill; the ele- ble, and had used as a place of refuge for their squ: ws fellow, not easily daunted ; and he had lived so long vation of the place permitted a good look out to be kept and children. Nothing remained of the old Indian fort a termagant wife, that he did not even fear the devil
. that no one was at hand; while the remarkable trees but a few embankments, gradually sinking to the level of is said, that after this commencement they had a long a formed good land-marks by which the place might easily the surrounding earth, and already overgrown in part by earuest conversation together, as Tom returned homewa be found again. The old stories add, moreover, that the oaks and other forest trees, the foliage of which formed a The black man told him of great sums of money wib devil presided at the hiding of the money, and took it contrast to the dark pines and hemlocks of the swamp. had been buried by Kidd the pirate, under the cak under his guardianship; but this, it is well known, he It was late in the dusk of evening when Tom Walker on the high ridge, not far from the morass. All the
reached the old fort, and he paused therefore awhile to An ingenious correspondent accuses Mr. Irving of some rest himself. Any one but he would have felt unwilling that none could find them but such as propitiated his favo thing more than an imitative spirit; for he assures us that to linger in this lonely melancholy place, for the common These he offered to place within Tom Walker's rea the following passage in Knickerbocker is every word copied people had a bad opinion of it, from the stories harded having conceived an especial kindness for him; but
eli from Franklin; and he asks if an author who can be proved down from the time of the Indian wars; when it was as
were to be had only on certain conditions. What the guilty of so direct a plagiarism in one instance, is likely to serted that the savages held incantations here, and made conditions were may easily be surmised, though y confine himself to one? It is a description of the peregina sacrifices to the evil spirits.
never disclosed them publicly. They must have tion and mode of a New Englander or Yankee, and is to be with any tears of the kind. He reposed himself for some
Tom Walker, however, was not a man to be troubled | very hard, for he required time to think of them, and
was not a man to stick at trifles where money was in si coming to the years of manhood, is to setle himself in the time on the trunk of a fallen hemlock, listening
to the There was one condition which need not be mentica world, which means nothing more than to begin his ram- bod ng cry of the tree-toad, and delving with his staff'into being generally understood in all cases where the de
To this end he takes unto himself for a wife some dashing country heiress; that is to say, a buxom rosy-cheeked soil unconsciously, his staff struck against something
hard. of less importance, he was in flexibly
obstinate. He tortoise-shell combs, with a white gown and morocco shoes skull, with an Indian toniahawk buried deep in it, lay be employed in his service. He proposed there fore that Td apple sweatmeats, long sauce, and pumpkin pie. Having had elapsed since the death-blow had been given. It was he should fit out a slave ship. This, however,
Tore thus provided himself like a true pediar with a heavy knap. a dreary, menento of the fierce struggle that had taken lutely refused : he was bad enough in all conscience
, bu sack, wherewith to regale his shoulders through the journey place in this last foot-hold of the Indian warriors.
the devil himself could not tenpt him to turn slave-deal of life, he literally sets out on the peregrination. His whole “ Hum !” said Tom Walker, as he gave the skull a Finding Tom so squeamish on this point, he did family, household furniture, and farming utensils, are boisted kick to shake the dirt from it. "Let that skuil alone, insist upon it; but proposed instead that he should tu into a covered cart; his own and his wife's wardrobe packed said a gruff voice. Tom lifted up his eyes, and beheld a usurer; the devil being extremely anxious for usurer up in a firkin; which done, he shoulders his axe, takes staff great black man seated directly opposite him, on the
stump looking upon them as lis peculiar people. To this in his band, whistles "Yankee Doodle," trudges off to the of a tre. He was exceedingly surprised, having neither objections were made, for it was just to Tom's taste. woods, as confident of the protection of Providence, and re- heard nor seen any one approach ; and he was still more
“ You shall open a broker's shop in Boston, a lying as cheerfully upon his own resources as did ever a pa- perplexed on observing, as well as the gathering gloom month," said the black man.--"I'll do it to-morrow, triarch of yore, when he journeyed into a strange country of would permit, that the stranger was neither negro nor you wish,” said Tom Walker." You shall lend more the Gentiles. Having buried himself in the wilderness, he Indian. It is true he was dressed in a rude halt Indian at two per cent. a month.”_" Egad, I'll charge four builds himself a log-hut, clears away a corn-field and potato- garb, and had a red belt or sash swathed round his body; replied Tom Walker." You shall extort bonds, forecles patch; and Providence smiling upon his labours, is soon sur- but his face was neither black nor copper-colour, but mortgages, drive the merchant to bankruptcy" rounded with a snug farm, and some half-a-score of faxen swarthy and dingy, and begrimed with soot, as if he had drive him to the d-1," cried Tom Walker, eagerly. headed urchins, who by their size seem to have sprung all at been accustomed to toil anong fires and forges. He had You are the usurer for my money !" said the black logo once out of the earth, like a crop of toad-stools."
a shock of coarseblack hair, inat stood out from his head' with delight. When will you want the rhino ?"-" The
very night."-"Done !" said the devil.-" Done" said " The d—i take me," said he, “if I have made a far-|TV, that gentleman, assisted by Mr. S—, immedi. Tom Walker. So they shook hands and struck, the bar- thing.'
dtely carried, or rather dragged her into the stream, in Just then there were three loud knocks at the street which act the latter gentleman suffered a little, by incau. A fev days' time saw Tom Walker seated behind his door. He stepped out to see who was there. The black tiously laying hold of her burning garments. An attempt diak in a counting-house in Boston. His reputation for man whished him like a child into the saddle, gave the was now made by the officiating Bramins to carry back sready-moneyed man, who would lend money out for a horse a lash, and away he gallopped, with Tom on his their victim to the blazing pile, which was resisted by the ped consideration, soon spread abroad. Every body re. back, in the midst of the thunder storin. When the clerks Europea a gentlemen present; and one of their number ambers the time of Governor Belcher, when money was turned to look for the black man, he had disappeared. was despatched to acquaint the inagistrate of the woman's particularly scarce. It was a time of paper credit. The Tom Walker never returned to foreclose the mortgage.
escape, and learn his pleasure regarding her : but, before country had been deluged with Governinent bills; the The good people of Boston shook their heads and the messenger returned with instructions from the civil au. famous Land Bank had been established; there had been shrugged their shoulders; but had been so much accus- thority, the Bramins had succeeded in persuading the inInge for speculating; the people had run mad with tomed to witches and goblins, and tricks of the devil in fatuated wretch once more to approach the fatal pile; and, schemes for new settlements for building cities in the all kind of shapes, from the first settlement of the colony, as she declared, on being asked by those present, that it
Filderness ; land-jobbers went about with maps of grants that they were not so much horror-struck as might have was her own free will and desire to re-ascend the burning and wenships, and El Dorados, lying nobody knew where, been expected. Trustees were appointed to take charge pile, they very properly ceased to interfere, fearful of give bat which every body was ready to purchase. In a word, of Tom's effects. There was nothing, however, to admi-ing offence to the prejudices of the native population on the great speculating fever which broke out now and then nister upon. On searching his coffers, all his bonds and the one hand, or to the civil authorities on the other The in the country had raged to an alarmino degree, and every mortgages were found reduced to cinders. In place of woman declined, however, for some time, to re-ascend the Boy wis dreaming of making sudaen fortunes from gold and silver, his iron chest was filled with chips and fearful pile, when three of the attending priests suddenly gothing. As vsual, the fever had subsided ; the dream shavings; two skeletons lay in his stable instead of his lifted her up and threw her into the fire, at this time burn
had gone off, and the imaginary fortunes with it. The half-starved horses ; and the very next day his great house ing with great fury. From this dreadful situation the patients were left in dolefu' plight, and the whole country took fire, and was burnt to the ground.
poor sufferer instantly attempted to escape, but the merci. rescanded with the consequent cry of "hard times.” At
ful Bramin priests were at hand to prevent this, if possible, this propitious period of public distress did Tom Walker
by throwing large pieces of wood at their miserable victim, et up as an wurer in Boston. His door was seen thronged
with the intention, no doubt, of preventing her again disby customers. The needy and the adventurous, the
gracing herself by escape, more than from any desire of rambling speculator--the dreaming land.jobber.the
putting a speedy termination to her sufferings : but it was theiftless tradesman-the merchant with cracked credit ;
impossible for any man possessing the smallest pretension a short, every one driven to raise money by desperate
(From the Scotsman)
to feeling, to stand by and quiety witness such cruelty. Bends and desperate sacrifices, hurried to Tom Walker.
The Europeans, therefore, again interfered, when the woThus Tom was the universal friend of the needy, and
The following very interesting letter was sent by an man speedily made her escape a second time from the fire, he seted like a friend in need;" that is to say, he al- Edinburgh gentleman now in India, to his friend in this and ran directly into the river, without any assistance ways exacted pay and good security. In proportion to country, with a request that
it might be published in our whatever. I have forborne, hitherto, from all reinarks on the distress of the applicant was the hardness
of his terms. journal, of which the gentleman who wrote the letter is a the motives which can influence mien to commit such hor. He accumulated bonds and mortgages, gradually squeezed reader. We feel much honoured by the request, and shall rid deeds : I simply state the facts to which I was an eyebis customers closer and closer, and sent them at length be most happy to lend the aid of our press and our pen to witness, leaving it to those who have the power, and who, dry as a sponge from his door.
any measure calculated to abolish the horrid practice al-I am well assured, also possess the inclination to introduce In this way be made money hand over hand, became a luded to by our intelligent correspondent.
such wholesome regulations on those occasions as will, in rich and mighty man, and exalted his cocked hat upon
“ Poonah, October 1, 1823. future, prevent such repeated acts of cruelty and barbarity Changa. He built himself, as usual, a vast house of
“ DEAR SIR,-During a residence in India of nearly as I this day witnessed ; and, finally, the murder of an unostentation, but left the greater part of it unfinished and twenty years, I yesterday, for the first time, went to wit- willing victim. But to return to my story (for I regret to in the fullness of his vain-glory, though he nearly starved godly exhibition was the widow of a Bramin, who died in had the unfortunate woman entered the water than she was the borses which drew it; and as the ungreased wheels Southern Conkan a few days ago. Twelve o'clock at noon followed by three of the officiating priests, who were dis. groaned and screeched on the axletrees, you would have was the hour appointed by the priests for the ceremony to tinctly given to understand that they must desist from all thought you heard the souls of the poor debtors he was hours in the western sky ere the party arrived at the fatal be tolerated until the arrival of the magistrate. Not doubt
commence, but the sun had descended more than three farther proceeding in the matter, as nothing farther would squeezing.
As Ton vaed old, however, he grew thoughtful. spot: She at last made her appearance, preceded by two ing their compliance with this injunction, these men were Having recured the good things of this world, he began led horses, handsomely caparisoned, and attended by ten allowed to remain with the woman in the river; but, iro feel anxious about those of the next. He thought with of twelve Bramins, and about the same number of women, sooner had the gentlemen turned their
backs, anxiously regret on the bargain he had made with his black friend, with drums, music, &c. common on those occasions, and looking
out for the arrival of authority to put a stop to such and set his wits to work to cheat him out of his conditions chiefly intended to drown the cries of the sufferer. A few diabolical proceedings, than the same three men attempted He became, therefore, all of a sudden, a violent church- idle spectators accompanied the procession, and but a very to drown the suffering wretch, by forcibly holding hier gøer. He prayed loudly and strenuously, as if heaven few, considering the scene of action lay in the immediate head under water; and I must allow that death, al.this were to be taken by force of lungs. Indeed, one might vicinity of the city, and close to the old Palace; a proof moment, would have been a happy relief to the sufferer
. Llways tell when he had sinned most during the week, by diabolical rites. At first sight of the woman, 1 was in- Mr. M, who continued to support her in the water ans, who had been modestly and stedfastly travelling pressed, among others, with the idea that she was more until the arrival of the long-looked for deliverance in the Lion ward, were struck with self-reproach at seeing them or less intoxicated; but before the various ceremonies person of Mr. — The collector himself soon followed ; lives so suddenly outstripped in their career by this new. burning, these doubts had given place to a perfect convic ordered the principal performers in this tragical scene into atters; he was a stern supervisor and censurer of his fully aware of the dreadful act she was about to perform. conveyed to one of the native hospitals. J .regret to add, ghbours, and seemed to think every sin entered up to of this I am the more satisfied from the question being the poor woman died about two o'clock this afternoon,
air secount became a credit on his own side of the page. often asked her by the European gentlemen present, forsaken by all her own relations and friends, as an outle even talked of the expediency of reviving the persecu, Whether it was her own wish
and inclination to burn cast unworthy creature. The fate of the other pertormers om of Quakers and Anabaptists. In a word, Tom's zeal herself ? to which she always returned the same answer, I will not anticipate, as I understand they are to be brought Still, in spite of all this strenuous attention to forms, that she knew what she was doing, and that it was her to trial for murder. They
either with had a lurking dread that the devil, after all, would own pleasure to burn.' Having offered up the more harm- justice or propriety,
be capitally punished, il being a cuiswe his due. That he might not be taken unawares that was to consume her was afterwards to be lighted, and ment, and sanctioned, they say, and
perhaps believe, by refore, it is said he always carried a small bible in his having parted with all her golden ornaments to those in Divine authority. But the Hindoo; scriptures only admit
pocket. He had also a great folio bible on his count: attendance, she very deliberately, and without shedding a of straw being used on such occasions, and direct that the hen people called on business. On such occasions he tear, took a last farewell of all she held dear on earth, woman hersell should set fire to the pile with her own uld by his green spectacles in the book to mark the ascended
the pile, and there laid herself down, with the hand. It would be no very great interference with the reice, while he turned round to drive some usurious bar- ashes
of her deceased husband tied round her neck. The ligious prejudices of the natives (if I am correct in my 2
entrance was then closed up with dry straw, and the sertion) were the Government in India to promulgate reOn one hot afternoon in the dog-days, just as a terrible terial, and immediately set fire to by the officiating And this, in my opinion, may be done with safety, it cau
whole pile surrounded with the same combustible ma- gulations founded on that law, be it Divine or huma. Ask thunder-gust was coming up, Tom sat in his count- priests. I had placed myself directly opposite to the tiously introduced, and temperately acted upon ; when,
house, in his white linen cap and India-silk morning- entrance to the pile, and could distinctly observe the will venture to predict, that you will hear no more if 4. He was on the point of foreclosing a mortgage, unfortunate woman struggling to make her escape from widows burning theinselves, either with the dead bodies or which he would complete the ruin of an unlucky land the flames, which now completely enveloped her; this did with the ashes of their lords. culator, for whom he had professed the greatest friend- not pass unnoticed by the attending Bramins, who in.
“ I remain, &c.
"J.T." The poor land-jobber begged him to grant a few stantly began to knock down the canopy, which con- In a subsequent letter from Poonah, dated 8d January, nths' indulgence. Tom had grown testy and irritated, tained nearly as much wood as the pile itself, and would the same gentleman says," Mr. Buxton, I see, has taken refused another day.
most effectually have secured their victim in the fire, up the matter in the House of Commons; and, though I My family will be ruined and brought upon the pa, had it fallen on her, as they intended
it should. All approve more of Mr. Hume's suggestions than of Buxton's said the land-jobber.-"Charity begins at home,” this while, no one, excepting the officiating, priests, I am, nevertheless, inclined to think that good may arise lied Tom; " I must take care of myself in these hard interfered; but when the miserable sufferer did make from Mr. Buxton's persevering in the matter. It may in
_“You have made so much money out of me!” her escape from the flames, and, in running towards the duce the Court of Directors, or the Board of Control, to the speculator.-Tom lost his patience and his pity.- 'river, cíther fell or threw himself at the feet of Major 'sanction some orders being sent out here on the subject.”
LINES TO MR. PUTNAM,
TO THE EDITOR.
SIR,,I was not a little astonishes to observe a remark
your Kaleidoscope of last week, contained in a notice to son The public's favourite, the people's friend,
correspondent who signs himself Y. 2. Such titles on thee ever must attend.
If you would take the trouble to refer to my original, Fa Esteem'd instructor, still methinks I hear
would perceive that I AM NOT WRONG, and that in both is
stances the quotation was correct, namely, in the first Om Those beauteous accents lingering on mine ear,
lege, fc. and in the second Hæc si quis &c. Which with sweet eloquence thou oft hast pour'd,
Your emendation is certainly obliging; but it happens TRIBUTARY LINES IN AFFECTIONATE REMEMBRANCE
And dear departed friends to us restor'd.
contain the very words which I used, and which, from som OF A DEAR FRIEND, RECENTLY DECEASED.
'Tis thou canst wake our bosom's earliest grief,
inaccuracy of the press, have been in both instances 'Tis thou canst check our tears, and speak relief;
I should be ashamed of the ridiculous affectation of quoti
The soft, pathetic tale, by thee rehears'd, The spring-time had pass’d, the bright summer had ended,
from a language with which I was not thoroughly acquaint
Gains more than were it in the muse immers’d: And winter his ice-cover'd mantle put on;
and wonder how any Y. 2. can have the presumption to Thy speech can raise the retrospective sigh,
ticise Latin quotations, when he evidently shows, from t With the shadows of evening, night sombre had blended,
Thyself appear the star of memory.
nature of his proposed emendation, that he is miserably The race was achieved, and the victory won.
And not less happy in the theme less sad,
ficient in knowledge of that language; indeed the common
schoolboy would have been ashamed to give such a ridiculd And they made her & grave where the lovely was sleeping,
'Tis thine to raise the laugh and make us glad ;
correction, especially since the passage in Horace is BO # They bore her where youth in its beauty was laid;
To still the strings of sorrow's mournful tone,
known; but he is an author whom I should suppose Y. The bereaved in their loneliness wildly are weeping,
And tune the heart to gladness all thine own.
never yet perused. And weaving pale flowers for the matron and maid !
These the delights thy Readings can inspire,
If I am unsuccessful in my quotations it is because I ha She sleeps where the fairest and dearest are lying,
The pleasures which thy recitative lyre
not been so successful as to have them printed aceuratei She slumbers the rose of the valley beside;
Call forth in each and every feeling heart,
they have been mangled both in orthography and puneta
tion, but for that I am not accountable; and as in the papera And the zephyrs of evening are mournfully sighing
And may such sweet impressions ne'er depart.
luded to I took particular care (on account of former misprint For her full of years, and the flower in its pride!
Oh! if reward true merit does attend,
to write the quotations distinctly, I ain surprised that you, Its blessings, its success, on thee descend !
Editor, could make such a reflection as the above, wher She sleeps, and unbroken and calm is her slumber,
May health and happiness around thee spread
moment's examination of my writing would have convine The moonbeam illumines her pallet of rest;
you that the quotations in question were originally correct.
A never-fading garland round thy head; No longer is hers weary moments to number,
One word more with Y. 2.-As he seems to have a taste May thy good cause remotest corners reache
quotations, I will treat him with one, by way of adek Eternal the sunshine that gladdens her breast !
And thy success be perfect as thy speech.
which will, I think, from the specimen he has been pleased The storm in its fury no more can assail her,
ANONYMOUS. give of his acquirements in Latin, be about suited to his en
ridian. It is this, She hears not the hurricane yell o'er the deep;
“Ne sutor ultra crepidam." Yet long will the heart in its tenderness wail her,
Should the gentleman be unable to translate it, I shall ha And sigh to arouse from that cold leaden sleep!
great pleasure in doing so for him, if he will signify his si She sleeps her last sleep; and while tenderly steeping
MISCELLANEOUS RECREATIONS. in your Kaleidoscope..--Your's, &c. Her place of repose with devotion's warm tears;
Sept. 14th, 1824.
2 How often have I blesa'd the coming day, And Love by her tomb lonely vigil is keeping,
When toil remitting, lent its turn to play;
The Beauties of Chess.
While many a pastime circled in the
shade, The young contending as the old surveyed;
“ Ludimus effigiem belli". And sweet the remembrance that hallows the just;
And many a gambol frolick'd o'er the ground, But, oh, in our hearts will affection enshrine her,
And sleights of art, and feats of strength, went round.
SOLUTION TO GAME XI. Till hearts, love, and memory, are buried in dust!
TO THE EDITOR.
Black. Liverpool, Sept. 10, 1824.
SIR, I find that the engraving intended to accompany 1 Castle E-6+ 1 King. B-7 this communication will not be ready in time for this week's
2 Castle A
3 Pawo C-5+
3 King rupted, you will oblige me by the insertion of the follow.
4 Pawo C-6+ 4 King “For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to de- ing, which may be described without the aid of a vignette. part and to be with Christ, which is far better.-Phil. 1. 23.
Place a book, or other convenient thing, between the
and the inner side of the feet, then kick up, backwards,
White to move, and give checkmate in six moves.
then pass your right leg over the back of the chair, and
bring it to the floor, between the chair and your left leg. Is gain immense and free.
у я р а н н э н This is to be done without touching the chair with your To live, to labour, watch, and pray;
In doing this trick the chair should not stand upon a
slippery floor, as it may inove from under you, and cause
a fall. A heavy chair should also be selected. To live, to preach, exhort, advise ;
pended a second title to his department, which, in future, Is greater charity.
will be “Gymnasia and Miscellaneous Recreations.” The
motive for adopting this second title is, that our corresponI'm in a strait-to live-to die?
dent may have more latitude allowed in the tricks he may This leads to peaceful realms on high;
have to describe, than if he were limited to gymnastic exThat dooms to roam beneath the sky,
ploits, which imply feats of strength or activity; whereas In sad anxiety:
there are many excellent recreations which require address But wherefore reason thus in vain,
and neatness, rather than muscular exertion. Our corres'Bout death or life, or bliss, or pain,
pondent intends, occasionally, to vary his collection with
A B C D E F G H
seaders, for whom the gymnastic exploits are generally but Liverpool, September 13, 1824. STERNHOLD. ill adapted.
5 Pawo ....
As soon as she lost way, she was taken in tow by the due east, then, rising to a considerable altitude, he expe
steam-boats, Swiftshure, Lady Sherbrooke, and Malsham; rienced different currents of air, from which, however, he [Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve and conducted to the Montmorenci Channel, where she soon escaped, and his course was altered to south-east by ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin dropped her anchor, which did not appear to us larger east
. After moving in this direction for a short time, his gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Phi, than we have seen on board a first-rate ship of war. The course was again changed, and took the direction of southIsophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical weight is 18 cwt. 2 qrs.
east by south. In this course he passed to the left of WrePhenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History ;
The day was remarkably fine, and the river presented kin Hills, taking within his compass several villages. On Vegetation, &c; Antiquities, &c.; List of Patents ;– an animated spectacle, no less than seven steam-boats and leaving the gas-yard, at twenty minutes to five, the baro. to be continued in a series through the Volume. ] an amazing number of rowing and sailing boats being meter stood at 30 inches 2.10ths, and the thermometer at
upon the water. Those who contented themselves with a 72. At his greatest altitude the thermometer fell to 20 LAUNCH OF THE LARGE TIMBER SHIP. view from the works of the town, or Cape Diamond, inches 5-10ths, thus leaving the greatest height to which
though they had but a distant sight of the launch, had the rose, a little above two miles, and the thermometer fell to (From the Quebec Mercury of the 31st July.)
pleasure of enjoying the moving scene upon the St. Law. 44. At times he felt it very hot, but by no means so much The long expected launch of the great ship took place rence as in a panorama. The effect of the military bands so as most would have imagined, from the clearness of the on Wednesday morning last, at the point of the island of upon the water was very fine; the Swiftsure, which
of the sun
on the earth. This is Orleans, in presence of a large concourse of people. The the business of the launch was over, made the tour of the accounted for by there being scarcely any or no clouds to St Larrence, which, but a few years ago, comparatively Island of Orleans, had on board the band and bugles of reflect back the rays of the sun, and thus enable them to peaking, had borne on its wave only the rudely-con- the 71st regiment ; the 68th band enlivened the Lady act with
double force. After
an absence of two hours and sirueted canoe of the native Indian, has now floating on Sherbrooke, whilst the admirers of the Pibroch were gra- twenty minutes from terra firma, he landed at seven o'clock, Es waters the largest ship in existence, or of the building tified by the pipers of the former regiment, who were on about five miles from Wenlock, a small town in Shropof which for navigable purposes we have any authentic board the Laprairie in full national costume.
shire, about thirteen miles to the south-east of Shrewsbury. record. This immense vessel has, with great propriety, Amongst the company in the different boats we saw The descent took place in a clover-field, in the parish of been named the Columbus.
some strangers from ihe United States, and several gen- Monkhampton, on Symblecot-farni, near the village of Her dimensions are as follow--length 300 feet, breadth tlemen from Montreal; what greatly enhances the pleasure Western, and situated on the estate of Lord Darnley. In of beam 50 feet, and depth of hold 30 feet, her model is afforded by this memorable occasion is, that we have not an adjoining field there were twelve men at work, who, also as extraordinary as her dimensions, being precisely heard of any, even the most trivial, accident occurring. seeing the balloon descend, hastened to Mr. Green's assistthat of a Canadian batteau, that is, perfectly flat-bottomed
ance, and, in a few minutes, he was disembarked, perand sall-sided, and the stem and stern post nearly or al
fectly safe. Adjoining the spot of descent is the seat of a logether perpendicular, and both ends sharp alike, with
CASE OF POISON.
gentleman of the name of Moore, who bestowed upon the ut my fallness, as is the case in the bows and sterns of
æronaut the most hospitable attentions. There being no hips of the usual construction. So that her floor may Extracted from the Stomach by the Apparatus invented by inn in the immediate neighbourhood of his descent, he had e compared to a parallelogram, with an acute equicrural Mr. Jukes.-By Joseph M. Ferrall, Esq. to wait for the return of a chaise, by a man whom he had. iangle ne either extremity. Her tonnage by register is
despatched to Wenlock, and he then thought it too late to 690 lons, but she is thought to be capable of carrying I was called upon on the 2d of May to see Mr. R. of proceed further that night. Here he had every tempta.
least 6.000 tons freight; her stowage is somewhat em- the Ordnance Office, who had swallowed by mistake, ra- tion to take up his night's abode; for the neighbouring arrassed by the massy beams which connect her side ther more than an ounce of nitre. I took with me the gentlemen, to the number of thirty, apprised of his in. imbers, or she would probably freight 7,000 tons. apparatus. I arrived in less than twenty minutes after the tended arrival, assembled to meet him with a band of mu.
This ship has been an object of general curiosity since occurrence. His family were collected about him in a sic, and, having ordered a good supper, his ærial excursion he was first laid down; her dimensions so far exceeding state little short of phenzy; and his own appearance was was agreeably relieved by the social good humour of the sy which have yet been attempted in the largest ships of that of despair. He was pale, and covered with cold festive board. This morning he started, at nine o'clock, Br, that even a faithful report of the bulk was received moisture; and, on inquiry, described his feelings to be a and arrived here at half-past ten, where he was received by ith suspicion, and a number of vague stories were set painful sense of heat along the centre of the chest to the all the inhabitants with the most welcome gratulations. doet as to the intentions of the builders in framing this stomach, which, together with a certain constriction of He took up a pigeon with him, for the purpose of ascer. ronderful waft: it was imagined by many that a solid breathing, was every moment increasing. I directed him taining the power of the wing in a rare atmosphere. When pass of timber was to be built in, something like the to drink a large quantity of sugar and water while I was at an elevation of 4000 feet from the earth, he opened the hape of a vessel, and covered with an outward sheathing engaged in preparing the instruments. I then caused him basket. The pigeon immediately got upon the edge of
plank sufficiently strong to render her capable of tra. to open his mouth widely, and passing the point of the the car, and there remained, till the æronaut, attempting ssing the ocean at a favourable season, when good flexible tube between the velum palati and the base of the to catch hold of it, it moved off the edge and fell down raeather might be expected, but as the work advanced it tongue, so as to avoid irritation, reached the posterior wall pidly: but it soon recovered the use of its wings ; and, ceame evident, from the regular plan pursued, and the of the pharynx. On pressing the instrument downwards after moving to the right and left for a few moments, it slid manner in which her massy frame was connected, through the wesophagus,
the surrounding muscles were darted off in the direction of Shrewsbury. Though it is hat something more was intended than a mere ship thrown strongly into action ; but as he was firmly sup- likely that it has arrived in the town, it has not yet been haped raft; she is now a complete vessel, and it is ex. ported by assistants, and bad firm resolution to avoid found.” eeted will prove sufficiently manageable, but will not pro- drawing himself away, the tube gradually descended into ably perform more than one voyage. Every precaution the stomach. s, however, been taken for the safety and comfort of After a pause, I adapted the syringe to its projecting
MUSICAL BAROMETER. ose who are to navigate her. Her cabin and a safety- end, and was preparing to commence the exhaustion, im being prepared,
that should the vessel by any means when we were suddenly interrupted by a violent convul. A gentleman at Burkil, by the name of Ventain, not some water-logged, the crew would endure but little sive cough, which shook the patient in his chair ; his face far from Basle, in Switzerland, invented, some years ago, ibility of launching this stupendous fabric, and there ceed. On removing the
syringe, and inspecting the throat, man, wetter larje (weather harp) or riesen harfe (giant menot wanting those who affirmed that she would never it was observed that the position of the tube was such as harp) which possesses the singular property of indicating bat remain on the blocks where she was built a to press forward on the larynx, especially when the syringe the changes of the
weather by musical tones. This genument of the presumptuous folly of the projectors. was appended. The tube was now given to an assistant, tleman was in the habit of amusing himself by shooting at he events of Wednesday proved how much the won with directions to maintain its position. Having refixed a mark from his window; and, that he might not be and doubters had been mistaken, and showed how the syringe, I was quickly enabled to convey into the ba-obliged to go after the mark at every shot, he fixed a piece the work had been conducted, and how minutely
and sin, held beneath
to it, so as to be able
to draw it to him at plea. the builder had made his calculations. At half of the contents of the stomach. After the second discharge sure. He frequently remarked that this wire gave musical or thirty-five minutes past, sever, this ponderous little or no fluid came. I then disengaged the syringe, tones, sounding exactly an octave, and, he found that any
was put in motion with as much facility as any filled it with sugar and water, and injected its contents iron-wire, extended in a direction parallel to the meridian, ller vessel, and slid majestically into the St. Lawrence. into
the stomach, and transferred it into the basin as be- gave this tone every time the weather changed. A piece length of the ways was somewhat less than 600 feet, fore. It was thought prudent to repeat this process twice, of brass-wire gave no sound, nor did an iron-wire, exprecisely one minute elapsed between the period when and then the entire apparatus was withdrawn.
tended east and west. In consequence of these observations moved and that of her reaching the water, her entrance The
patient was fatigued, but not so much as is usual a musical barometer was constructed. In the year 1787, thich was greeted by appropriate airs from the mili- after the operation of an emetic
. He expressed himself Captain Hans, of Basle, made one, in the following manbands in attendance, and repeateủ salutes from the relieved from the burning heat, and merely complained ner :- Thirteen pieces of iron-wire, each 320 feet long,
of the steam-boats, and some which had been planted of slight rawness in the throat, probably from the pressure were extended from his summer-house to the outer court, e shore for that purpose. Her ways were much scorched of the instrument. He was advised to use a gargle of crossing
a garden. They were placed about two inches be friction of her motion, and so great a smoke arose, cold water, adding a little ice as soon as it could be pro- apart: the largest were two lines in diameter, the smallest distant spectators imagined some accident to have cured. He shortly after retired to bed, swallowed a little only one,
and the others were about
one and a half. They place. From her peculiar construction in the castor oil, and composed himself to rest.
were on the side of the house, and made an angle of about ge-like form of her stern, and the small proportion He awoke in about three hours; the oil moved him twenty or thirty degrees with the horizon. They were breadth bears to her length, she created but little gently, and he declared himself free from the slightest stretched and kept tight by wheels for the purpose. Every 1. even the smallest boats were hardly tossed, and no feeling of uneasiness.-London Medical Repository. time the weather changes, these wires make so much noise ible motion was experienced on board the steam-boats
that it is impossible to continue concerts in the parlour, larger vessels.
and the sound sometimes resembles that of a tea-urn when hree of her four masts were standing ; that is, the first
boiling, sometimes that of an harmonicon, a distant bell, second main-masts, and her try-sail mast. The sheers
or an organ. In the opinion of the celebrated chemist, M. also up for stepping the fore-mast, and her bowsprit The following is Mr. Green's account of his recent ascent Dobereiner, as stated in the Bulletin Technologique, this in; the whole of these appear so small, when com- from Shrewsbury.
is an electro-magnetical phenomenon. Do any of our reawith the bulk of the bull, that they look like jury “ Shrewsbury, Aug. 24.–Soon after he started, which ders know of such an instrument having ever been tried in Wher main-sail is not larger than that of a small 74. ! was twenty minutes to five, his course was directed nearly Britain ?- The Chymist.