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and who has pleased to admit parish church of St. Mary Wool. me (though most unworthy) to noth, close to the coffins of my preach his glorious gospel. I re- late dear wife, and my dear niece ly with humble confidence upon Elizabeth Cunningham; and it the atonement and mediation of is my desire that my funeral may the Lord Jesus Christ, God and be performed with as little ex. man, which I have often propos. pense as possible, consistent with ed to others as the only founda. decency. thon whereon a sioper can build Mr. Newton composed an Ephis hope, trusting that he will itaph for himself, desiring that guard and guide me through the it might be put up near the ves. uncertain remainder of my life, try door. His executors, have and that he will then admit me complied strictly with his io. into his presence in his heavenly junctions. The following is a kingdom. I would have my body correct copy : deposited in the vault under the

JOHN NEWTON,

CLERK,
once an Infidel and Libertine,
a Servant of Slaves in Africa,

was

by the rich mercy.
of our Lord and Savior

Jesus Christ,
preserved, restored, pardoned,
and appointed to preach the Faith
he had long labored to destroy.

He ministered
near 16 Years as Curate and Vicar of Olney, in Berks;
and 28 Years as Rector of these United Parishes.
On Feb. 1st, 1750, he married

MARY,
daughter of the late George Catlett,

of Chatham, Kent ;

whom he resigned
to the Lord who gave her,

on Dec. 15, 1790.
The above Epitaph was written by the Deceased,
who directed it to be inscribed on a plain Marble Tablet.
He died on Dec. 21, 1807, aged 82 Years ;

and his mortal remains
are deposited in the Vault

beneath this Church.

RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

Messrs. Editors, As an important object of your publication is the support and diffusion of the doe.

trines of the reformation, and particularly those, which were embraced and incul. cated by John Calvin,* the following extract from that acute and justly celebrated writer, will, it is presumed, be highly gratifying to all your Calvinistic readers. It is, therefore, with much satisfaction and confidence offered for publication by a real

CALVINIST, CALVINISM. +

1. There ariseth a hard ques. the wicked are so under the hand tion out of other places, where and power of God, that he directe it is said that God boweth and eth their malice unto what end it draweth at his will, Satan himself pleaseth him, and useth their and all the reprobate ; for the wicked doings to the executing sense of the flesh scarcely con. of his judgments. And their ceiveth how he, working by them, modesty were, peradventure, exshould not gather some spot of cusable, whom the show of ab. their fault, yea, in his common surdity putteth in fear, if it were working befree from all fault, and not so, that they wrongfully and justly condemn his ministers. with a lying defence go about to Upon this was devised the dis. deliver the justice of God from tinction between doing and suf. all unrightful blame.

It seem. fering, because many have thought eth to them unreasonable, that this doubt im possible to be dis. man should, by the will and com. solved, that both Satan and all mandment of God, be made blind,

treats

are

Our correspondent will find the ob- from which the following is extracted, jec' of our work more precisely and cor,

“ of the knowledge of God the rectly stated, in the following paragraph Creator,” and is thus headed bythe author, from our proposals, to which we “ That God doth so use the service of pledged to adhere.

wicked men, and so boweth their minds "That the public may entertain no to put his judgments in execution, that doubts concerning the religious faith of still himself

remaineth pure from all spot.” the editors, or what doctrines and views

This chapter is divided into four seoof christianity they mean to support, they tions. Under the first, the author underexplicitly avow their firm adherence gen- takes to shew, “How God doth not only erally and for substance, to what have permit, but appoint the things to be done, been called the Doctrines of the Refore which wicked men do." mation. These doctrines, with modifi- Under the second he shews that “The cations, and retrenchments, which affect providence of God is a governess, which not their essence, are recognized in the directeth all the inclinations of the mind of Articles of the Church of England, in man, whether theybend unto good orevil.” the Confession of the Presbyterian Under the third, he shewsthat,“there are churches in Scotland, and the United not contrary wills in God, although he States of America, in the Assembly's forbid the doing of evil, and yet be willing Shorter Catechism, and by the great

body to have it done ; but our blindness, of the New-England Churches. These w herein we discern not how these two doctrines constituted the religious faith do agree, maketh us to imagine that they of our venerable forefathers ; and by the

disagree, when in truth they do not." editors are embraced, as the truths of God, Under the fourth section, which ourcor. revealed in the Holy Scriptures. Nothing respondent has omitted, the anthor shews, manifestly inconsistent with these doc- that "Wicked men are justly condemned trines, can ever be admitted into this

for the evil,which they do, although God publication."

have appointed it to be done.” EDITORS, † The chapter of Calvin's Institutes,

and so, by and by be punished ellyandwickedlydo invade and rob for his blindness; therefore they his goods, that were none of theirs. seek to scape by this shift, that Job acknowledgeth that he was this is done by the sufferance, by God stripped of all his goods but not by the will of God. But and made poor, because it so he himself plainly pronouncing pleased God. Therefore whatsothat he doeth it, does reject that ever men or Satan himself attempt, shift. As for this, that men do yet God holdeth the stern to turn nothing but by the secret com. all their travails to the executing mandment of God, and do trouble of his judgments. It was God's themselves in vain with deliberat.

will to have the ing, unless he do by his secret 2Kings,xxii.20. false king Ahab direction stablish that, which he

deceived ; the hath before determined, it is prov. devil offered his service there. ed by innumerable and plain tes. unto ;

he was

sent with a timonies. It is certain that this, certain commandment

to be wbich we before alleged out of a lying spirit in the mouth the Psalms, that God doeth all of all the prophets. If the blind. things that he will, belongeth to ing and madness of Ahab be the all the doings of men. If God be judgment of God, then the de. the certain appointer of war and vice of bare sufferance (permis. peace, as it is there said, and that sion) is vain; for it were a fond without exception, who dare say thing to say, that the Judge so that men are carried causelessly doth only suffer, and not also with blind motion, while God decree what he will have done, knoweth not of it, and sitteth and command his ministers to put still ? But in special examples it in execution. It was the Jews' will be more lightsome plainness. purpose to destroy Christ. Pi. By the first chapter of Job we

late and the sol. know that Satan doth no less Acts iv. 28. diers

do follow appear

before God to receive his and ii. 23. their raging lust; commandments, than do the an. and iii. 18. and yet in a sol. gels, which do willingly obey. 2 Sam. xvi. Indeed it is after a diverse manner, 22.

disciples do conand for a diverse end; yet so that

fess, that all the he cannot go about any thing, wicked men did nothing else, but with the will of God. Al. but that, which the hand and though there seem afterward to counsel of God had determined ; be added a bare sufferance of him even as Peter had before preachtoafflict the holy man, yet because ed, that Christ was, by the that saying is true, "the Lord hath decreed

purpose, given, the Lord hath taken away,” knowledge of God, delivered to as it pleased God, so is it come to be slain. Asif he should say; that pass; we gather, that God was God, fromwhom nothing is hidden

the author of that tri. from the beginning, did wittingly Job.i.2. al ofJob whereof Satan and willingly appoint, that which

and the wicked thieves the Jews did execute; as in an. were ministers. Satan goeth about other place he rehearseth, that to drive the holy man to despera. God, which shewed before by all tion,to madness. The Sabeapscru. his prophets, that Christ should

emn

prayer, the

and fore.

of men.

suffer, hath so nies, but a few, by which yet 2 Sam. xii. 12. fulfilled it. Ab- it appeareth plainly enough, that

salom defiling they do trifle and talk fondly that his father's bed with incestuous thrust in a bare sufferánce (per. adultery, committed detestable mission) in the place of the prov. wickedness, yet God pronounc. idence of God, and so his judge ed that this was his own work; ments should bang upon the will for the words are these : Thou hast done it secretly, but I will 9. Now with respect to sê

do it openly and cret motions that which Solo. Jer. 1. 25. before

the sun.

mon speaketh of Jeremiah

pro

the heart of a Prov. xxi. 1. nounceth that all the cruelty king, that it is that the Chaldeans used in Jew. bowed hither and thither, as ry, was the work of God, for pleaseth God, extendeth surely which cause Nebuchadnezzar is to all mankind, and is as much, in called the seryant of God. God effect, as if he had said;-whatso. every where crieth

ever we conceive in mind, is by Isaiah v. 26. out, that with his the secret inspiration of God, andx.5. and hissing, with the directed to his xix. 25. sound of his trum. end. And, truly, Ezek. vii. 25. pet, with his pow.

if he did not work er and commandment, the wick. in the minds of men, it were not ed are stirred up to war. He rightly said, that calleth the Assyrian the rod of he taketh away

Lev. xxvi. 36. his wrath, and the axe which he the lip from the moveth with his hand. The des. true speakers, and wisdom from truction of the holy city and the aged men, that he taketh the ruin of the temple, he calleth his heart from the princes of the work David, not murmuring earth; that we oft read, that against God but acknowledging men

are fearful him for a righteous Judge; yet far forth, as 1Sam.xxvi. confesseth that the cursings of their hearts be tak. Shimei proceeded of the com. en with his fear. So David went mandment of God. The Lord out of the camp of Saul, and done (saith he) commanded him to was ware of it, because the sleep curse. We often find in the holy of God was come upon them all. history, that whatsoever hap. But nothing can be desired to be

peneth, it com- more plainly spoken, than where 2 Sam. X. 10. eth of the Lord, he so often pronounceth that

as the departing he blindeth the eyes of of the ten tribes, the death of the striketh them with giddiness;

sons of Eli, and that he maketh them drunk with 1 Kings xi. 31. verymany things the spirit of drowsiness, casteth

of like sort. them into madness, and harden. They that be meanly exercised in eth their hearts. These things

the Scriptures, also many do re1 Sam. ii. 34. do see, that for fer to sufferance Eccles. vii. 3.

shortness sake, (permission) as I bring forth, of many testimo. if in forsaking the reprobate, he

SO

men, and

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