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good he did, if he had remained something splendid to evince our preaching in Bedford, instead of devotion; but true religion equals being shut up in Bedford prison. things; washing plates and clean.

Doctor Taylor, of Norwich, ing shoes is a high office, if persaid to me,

Sir, I have collated formed in a right spirit. If three every word in the Hebrew Scrip- angels were sent to earth, they tures seventeen times; and it is would feel perfect indifference very strange if the doctrine of who should perform the part of atonement you hold, should not prime minister, parish-minister, have been found by me.'I am not or watchman. surprised at this: I once went to Ministers would overrate their light my candle with the extin. labors, if they did not think it guisher on it. Now, prejudices worth while to be born, and from education, learning, &c. of. spend ten thousand years in lá. ten form an extinguisher. It is not bor and contempt, to recover enough that you bring the can. one soul. dle; you must remove the ex. I feel like a man who has no tinguisher.

money in his pocket, but is al. Except a man be born again, lowed to draw for all he wants he cannot see the kingdom of upon one infinitely rich; I am, God. A man may live in a deep therefore, at once both a beggar mine in Hungary, never having and a rich man. seen the light of the sun: he may have received accounts of pros. A COPY OF THE EXORDIUM OF pects, and, by the help of a can. MR. NEWTON'S WILL, DATED dle, may have examined a few en.

JUNE 13, 1803. gravings of them; but let him be In the name of God, Amen. I, brought out of the mine, and John Newton, of Coleman street set on the mountain, what a dif. Buildings in the parish of St. ference appears!

Stephen, Coleman Street, in the I have many books I cannot city of London, Clerk, being sit down to read; they are, in through mercy in good health, deed, good and sound; but, like and of sound and disposing mind, halfpence, there goes a great memory, and understanding, alquantity to a little amount. though in the seventy-eighth year There are silver books, and a of' my age, do, for the settlea few golden books; but I have ment of my temporal concerns, one book worth more than them and for the disposal of all the all, called the Bible; and that is worldly estate which it has pleasa book of bank notes.

ed the Lord in his good providence When some people talk of re. to give me, make this my last will ligion, they mean they have and testament as follows: I com. heard so many sermons;


per. mit my soul to my gracious God formed so many devotions, and and Saviour, who mercifully spar. thus mistake the means for the ed and prevented me, when I was end; but true religion is an ha. an apostate, a blasphemer, and bitual recollection of God, and an infidel, and delivered me from intention to serve him; and this that state of misery, on the coast turns every thing to gold. We of Africa, into which


obsti. are apt to suppose that we need nate wickedness had plunged me; Vol. II. New Series,


and who has pleased to admit parish church of St. Mary Wool. me (though most unworthy) to noth, close to the coffins of my preach his glorious gospel. I re- late dear wife, and my dear niece Ty with humble confidence upon Elizabeth Cunningham; and it the atonement and mediation of is

desire that my


may the Lord Jesus Christ, God and be performed with as little ex. man, which I have often propos. pense as possible, consistent with ed to others as the only founda- decency. ton whereon a sioder can build Mr. Newton composed an Ep. his hope, trusting that he will itaph for himself, desiring that guard and guide me through the it might be put up near the vesuncertain remainder of my life, try door. His executors, have and that he will then admit me complied strictly with his io. into his presence in his heavenly junctions. The following is a kingdom. I would have my body

correct copy : deposited in the vault under the


once an Infidel and Libertine,
a Servant of Slaves in African


by the rich mercy
of our Lord and Savior

Jesus Christ,
preserved, restored, pardoned,
and appointed to preach the Faith
he had long labored to destroy.

He ministered
near 16 Years as Curate and Vicar of Olney, in Berks;
and 28 Years as Rector of these United Parishes.
On Feb. 1st, 1750, he married

daughter of the late George Catlett,

of Chatham, Kent;

whom he resigned
to the Lord who gave her,

on Dec. 15, 1790.
The above Epitaph was written by the Deceased,
who directed it to be inscribed on a plain Marble Tablet.
He died on Dec. 21, 1807, aged 82 Years ;

and his mortal remains
are deposited in the Vault

beneath this Church.


Messrs. Editors, As an important object of your publication is the support and diffusion of the doe.

trines of the reformation, and particularly those, which were embraced and inculcated by John Calvin,* the following extract from that acute and justly celebrated writer, will, it is presumed, be highly gratifying to all your Calvinistic readers. It is, therefore, with much satisfaction and confidence offered for publication by a real


1. THERE ariseth a hard ques. the wicked are so under the hand tion out of other places, where and power of God, that he directe it is said that God boweth and eth their malice unto what end it draweth at his will, Satan himself pleaseth him, and useth their and all the reprobate ; for the wicked doings to the executing sense of the flesh scarcely con. of his judgments.

And their ceiveth how he, working by them, modesty were, peradventure, exshould not gather some spot of cusable, whom the show of ab. their fault, yea, in his common surdity putteth in fear, if it were working be free from all fault,and not so, that they wrongfully and justly condemn his ministers. with a lying defence go about to Upon this was devised the dis. deliver the justice of God from tinction between doing and suf. all unrightful blame.

It seem. fering, because many have thought eth to them unreasonable, that this doubt impossible to be dis. man should, by the will and com. solved, that both Satan and all mandment of God, be made blind,

* Our correspondent will find the ob- from which the following is extracted, jec' of our work more precisely and cor. treats" of the knowledge of God the rectly stated, in the following paragraph Creator," and is thus headed bythe author, from our proposals, to which we

“ That God doth so use the service of pledged to adhere.

wicked men, and so boweth their minds "That the public may entertain no to put his judgments in execution, that doubts concerning the religious faith of still himself

remaineth pure from all spot.” the editors, or what doctrines and views This chapter is divided into four seo. of christianity they mean to support, they tions. Under the first, the author underexplicitly avow their firm adherence gen- takes to shew, “How God doth not only erally and for substance, to what have permit, but appoint the things to be done, been called the Doctrines of the Refor which wicked men do." mation. These doctrines, with modifi- Under the second he shews that “The cations, and retrenchments, which affect providence of God is a governess, which not their essence, are recognized in the directeth all the inclinations of the mind of Articles of the Church of England, in man, whethertheybend unto good or evil.” the Confession of the Presbyterian Under the third, he shewsthat, “there are churches in Scotland, and the United not contrary wills in God, although he States of America, in the Assembly's forbid the doing of evil, and yet be willing Shorter Catechism, and by the great body to have it done; but our blindness, of the New-England Churches. These v herein we discern not how these two doctrines constituted the religious faith do agree, maketh us to imagine that they of our venerable forefathers; and by the disagree, when in truth they do not." editors are embraced, as the truths of God, Under the fourth section, which ourcor. revealed in the Holy Scriptures. Nothing respondent has omitted, the anthor shews, manifestly inconsistent with these doc- that “Wicked men are justly condemned trines, can ever be admitted into this

for the evil, which they do, although God publication.”

have appointed it to be done." EDITORS, † The chapter of Calvin's Institutes,


and so, by and by be punished ellyandwickedlydo invade and rob for his blindness; therefore they his goods,that were none of theirs. seek to scape by this shift, that Job acknowledgeth that he was this is done by the sufferance, by God stripped of all his goods but not by the will of God. But and made poor, because it so he himself plainly pronouncing pleased God. Therefore whatso. that he doeth it, does reject that ever men or Satan himself attempt, shift. As for this, that men do yet God holdeth the stern to turn nothing but by the secret com. all their travails to the executing mandment of God, and do trouble of his judgments. It was God's themselves in vain with deliberat.

will to have the ing, unless he do by his secret 2Kings,xxii.20. false king Ahab direction stablish that, which he

deceived ; the hath before determined, it is prov. devil offered his service there.' ed by innumerable and plain tes. unto ; he was sent with a timonies. It is certain that this, certain commandment to be wbich we before alleged out of a lying spirit in the mouth the Psalms, that God doeth all of all the prophets. If the blind. things that he will, belongeth to ing and madoess of Ahab be the all the doings of men. If God be judgment of God, then the dethe certain appointer of war and vice of bare sufferance (permis. peace, as it is there said, and that sion) is vain; for it were a fond without exception, who dare say thing to say, that the Judge so that men are carried causelessly doth only suffer, and not also with blind motion, while God decree what he will have done, knoweth not of it, and sitteth and command his ministers to put still ? But in special examples it in execution. It was the Jews' will be more lightsome plainness. purpose to destroy Christ. Pi. By the first chapter of Job we

late and the sol. know that Satan doth no less Acts iv. 28. diers do follow appear before God to receive his and ii. 23. their raging lust; commandments, than do the an. and iii. 18. and yet in a sol. gels, which do willingly obey. 2 Sam. xvi. emn prayer, the Indeed it is after a diverse manner,


disciples do con and for a diverse end; yet so that

fess, that all the he cannot go about any thing, wicked men did nothing else, but with the will of God.

Al. but that, which the hand and though there seem afterward to counsel of God had determined; be added a bare sufferance of him even as Peter had before preachto afflict the holy man, yet because ed, that Christ was, by the that saying is true, "the Lord hath decreed

purpose, and fore. given, the Lord hath taken away,” knowledge of God, delivered to as it pleased God, so is it come to be slain. Asif he should say; that pass; we gather, that God was God, from whom nothing is hidden

the author of that tri. from the beginning, did wittingly Job.i.2. al ofJob whereof Satan and willingly appoint, that which

and the wicked thieves the Jews did execute; as in an. were ministers. Satan goeth about other place he rehearseth, that to drive the holy man to despera. God, which shewed before by all tion,to madness. The Sabeans eru. his prophets, that Christ should

of men.

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suffer, hath so nies, but a few, by which yet 2 Sam. xii. 12. fulfilled it. Ab- it appeareth plainly enough, that

salom defiling they do trifle and talk fondly that his father's bed with incestuous thrust in a bare sufferánce (peradultery, committed detestable mission) in the place of the prov. wickedness, yet God pronounc- idence of God, and so his judge ed that this was his own work; ments should hang upon the will for the words are these

: Thou hast done it secretly, but I will 9. Now with respect to sés

do it openly and cret motions that which Solo. Jer. 1. 25. beforo

the sun.

mon speaketh of Jeremiah


the heart of a Prov. xxi. 1. nounceth that all the cruelty king, that it is that the Chaldeans used in Jew. bowed hither and thither, as ry, was the work of God, for pleaseth God, extendeth surely which cause Nebuchadnezzar is to all mankind, and is as much, in called the seryant of God. God effect, as if he had said;-whatso. every where crieth

ever we conceive in mind, is by Isaiah v. 26. out, that with his the secret inspiration of God, andx.5. and hissing, with the directed to his xix. 25. sound of his trum. end. And, truly, Ezek. vii. 25.

pet, with his pow. if he did notwork er and commandment, the wick. in the minds of men, it were not ed are stirred up to war. He rightly said, that calleth the Assyrian the rod of he taketh away Lev. xxvi. 36. his wrath, and the axe which he the lip from the moveth with his hand. The des. true speakers, and wisdom from truction of the holy city and the aged men, that he taketh the ruin of the temple, he calleth his heart from the princes of the work David, not murmuring earth; that we oft read, that against God but acknowledging men are fearful him for a righteous Judge; yet far forth, as 1 Sam.xxvi. confesseth that the cursings of their hearts be tak. Shimei proceeded of the com. en with his fear. So David went mandment of God. The Lord out of the camp of Saul, and none (saith he) commanded him to was ware of it, because the sleep curse. We often find in the holy of God was come upon them all. history, that whatsoever hap. But nothing can be desired to be

peneth, it com. more plainly spoken, than where 2 Sam. X. 10. eth of the Lord, he so often pronounceth that

as the departing he blindeth the eyes of men, and of the ten tribes, the death of the striketh them with giddiness ;

sons of Eli, and that he maketh them drunk with 1 Kings xi. 31. verymany things the spirit of drowsiness, casteth


like sort. them into madness, and harden. They that be meanly exercised in eth their hearts. These things

the Scriptures, also many do re1 Sam. ii. 34. do see, that for fer to sufferance Eccles. vii. 3.

shortness sake, (permission) as Į bring forth, of many testimo. if in forsaking the reprobate, he


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