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sinner is only answerable to God, FRAGMENTS.
or his vicegerent, and he is in a
particular manner appointed to
expiate it by suffering punish-

“They are the thoughtless ment, and repenting, and asking and the profane alone to whom pardon, and judging and con. a rational piety is an object of demning himself, doing acts of ridicule; and we betray weak. justice and charity in opposition ness of mind, not by respecting and contradiction to that evil religion, but by being afraid to action. But because in the case profess it.” of stealing there is an injury

" While here” (in the house done to our neighbor, and the of God) we assemble ourselves evil still remains after the action in his name, he is in the midst of is past, therefore for this we are

us to bless us. From the place accountable to our neighbor, and in which Angels worship he lends we are to take the evil off from his ear to our prayers, and smiles him which we brought upon him, in mercy upon those who seek or else he is an injured person, a

him where he hath promised to sufferer all the while : and that be found.” any man should be the worse for “ The duty of attending the pub.

lic Institutions of Religion." me, and my direct act, and by my intention, is against the rule

Wm. Moodie. of equity, of justice, and of char. ity; I do not that to others which “ Compassion may fall on the I would have done to myself, for wrong object, and yet be justi. I grow richer upon the ruins of fied and applauded. One living his fortune. Upon this ground in affluence becomes bankrupt ; it is a determined rule in divini, his sudden fall strikes the imagty, our sin can never be pardon, ination, pity is felt, and generous ed till we have restored what we exertions are made on his behalf: unjustly took, or wrongfully if artful and fraudulent, he fore. detained. Restored it (I mean) saw, and availed himself of this actually, or in purpose and desire, irregular compassion; he stretchwhich we must really performed his credit, bought and built, when we can.

And this doc- and lived luxuriously, that his trine, besides its evident and ap- fall might strike the more. There parent reasonableness, is derived is indeed a call for compassion; from the express words of Scrip- but upon whom? doubtless upture, reckoning restitution to be a the trader and artificer part of repentance, necessary in whose economy he has derangorder to the remission of our sins. ed, upon the servant who entrust[If the wicked restore the pledge, ed him with wages in an evil give again that he had robbed hour, upon the widow whom he &c. he shall surely live, he shall has caused to weep over destitute not die,*] The practice of this children, and to curse him in the part of justice is to be directed bitterness of her soul." by the following rules, which On Alms. Saml. Chartere

in our next number. (To be continued.) * Ezek. xxxiij, 15.


shall appear


[The following information and anecdote, communicated to us for publication by an

obliging Correspondent, will, we doubt not, be highly gratifying to our readers, and we ardently wish it may inspire them with a determination, to go and do likewise.



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New-York, 8th Aug. 1809. 66 For the better attaining the AGREEABLY to public notice, object of this Association, the a large number of respectable affairs thereof shall be conduct. citizens met at the North Dutch ed by a Committee of ; with a Church, this day, to receive the President, Vice President, Treas. report of a committee appointed urer, and Secretary, chosen by at a former meeting, relative to themselves, out of their own num. the adoption of measures for the ber. members shall form a suppression of duelling.

quorum.* Hon. John BROOME, Esq. in Simple subscription to the the Chair. Col. LeBleus Loom- above agreement, without regard is, Secretary

of religious or political connex. The following plan was re- ion, shall constitute membership ported by the committee, and in this Association. unanimously adopted, viz.

“The subscribers shall be con. " We, whose names are here. vened in general meeting, when. unto subscribed, viewing with ever the Committee shall judge alarm the increase of daelling; it necessary.” desirous of opposing to its fur. ther prevalence the strongest

"The Committee also reported lawful resistance; and persuaded an Address to the Electors of that a proper use of the Right this State, which was in like man. of Suffrage, will have a power. ner agreed to, ful effect in discountenancing and

On motion, banishing it; do hereby unite Resolved, That a Committee ourselves in an Association, to of twenty-one be appointed to be called the

procure subscriptions to the ANTI-DUELLING AssociaTION agreement now adopted, to fill of New-YORK.

up the blanks therein, and to And do, by our signature's here. prepare a list of persons proper unto annexed, solemnly pledge to compose the standing commit. ourselves to each other, not to

tee of the Association: and to re. vote at any election for any man, port the same to a meeting of the whom, from current fame, or our subscribing electors as soon as own private conviction, we shall possible. believe to have sent, accepted, or

Resolved, That the committee carried a challenge to fight a Du. appointed, cause the proceedings el, or acted as a Second or Surgeon therein, after the date here.

* The first blank has been filled up by

the Committee with fifty and thė second of.

with fifteen. Vol. II. New Series.





of this meeting to be published. er bad, which the state of society By order of the meeting,


for the protecJohn Broome, Chairman, tion of person and character; LEBbeus Loomis, Secy.

and that if one should not resent an insult by calling out its author, or should decline a challenge, he would become an object of universal contempt, liable to the meanest affronts, and incapable

of retaining his place among men A number of your fellow citi.

of dignity and spirit. Briefly, zens solicit your attention to a

that public opinion, which regu. subject of great and common in- lates private honor, is in favor of terest. They address you not duelling, and compels one to sacas adherents to any political or rifice his reason, his conscience, ecclesiastical party; as men who

and his wishes, to the respectaabhor that atheism which rejects bility of his social standing.” the authority and government of

Thus the duellist, assuming it Godas citizens who feel the as a fact, that he is to be reward, importance of making the law ed with the approbation of the respected ; who know that the community, flies to his weapons impunity of crime tends to des. of death ; sates his revenge with troy both public order and pri. blood ; and produces PUBLIC vate happiness, with all the secu. OPINION as the warrant for his rity of property, liberty, and life. murders. As friends, brothers, fathers of On the MORALITY of this doc. families, to whom the social trine it would be superfluous to charities are sacred ; and who comment. There can be but one can never hold cheap the blood judgment pronounced upon it by of such as are united to them in all who recognize the distinction the tenderest ties of amity, of between right and wrong, as orignature, and of love. They call inating in a higher source than upon you to consider and resist human custom. But if the allethe prevalence of a crime which gation of fact is correct; if the strikes at you in all these relations; duellist has rightly estimated the which has hitherto eluded but public opinion ;" if it is true that too successfully, the several ef. the American people look with forts to suppress it; and which, satisfaction upon deeds which fill emboldened by past impunity, every virtuous breast with horror threatens to leave nothing safe of and dismay, then is our condition all that is venerable in human dreadful indeed. life; the crime of duelling.

We cannot submit to such a They need not prove the ab. libel upon the understanding and surdity and atrocity of a prac. morals of this nation. Public tice which cannot reckon among opinion is merely the collective its advocates a single wise or

opinion of individuals. To be good man, few, even of the aban. known, it must be expressed. doned, venture to apologise for And when, where, how has it been it upon any other principle than expressed in FAVOR OF DUELthis, that "it is a means, hower- LING? Let the man be produced

men ?

who has, from principle, refused the facts are; full, peremptory, either to give or accept a chal. solemn, and habitual as are the lenge, and has been pursued by expressions of public opinion public reprobation !

against duelling, without one sol. The true expression of publicitary expression in its favor, this opinion is to be sought in the re- baneful practice, the offspring of ligion of the land, in its laws, barbarous manners and bloody and in the conversation of its in- passions, is still fathered upon habitants.

PUBLIC OPINION? And what is The religion of the land is de- deeply alarming, gains rapidly cisive. That religion which is upon our citizens; gains, in opreceived by the people of the position to all the expostulations United States as of divine author.

of reason, and all the sanctions of ity, and which has interdicted religion ; in opposition to the not only the matured act, but all rebuke of the law; to the testi. incitements to the commission mony of the wise and good ; to of it.

the protestations of common hu. The laws of the land are deci. manity ; to the tears of the wid. sive. They speak death to the ow, and the sorrow of the orphan. man who kills another in a duel. Are we fathers? Are we broth. They speak degradation and in. ers? Are we citizens ? Are we famy to every one who, in any And shall we permit a manner, assists in a duel. But crime, the reproach of our land, the laws are merciful. They and the scourge of our peace, to will not allow of any avoidable stalk openly and impudently risk of punishing the innocent. through our streets ? Are we to And the guilty, availing himself tremble every hour of our lives, of their precaution, and of the lest a brother or a son, on whom facility of escape created by dif- rest our fairest hopes, cross our ferent jurisdictions, eludes their threshold in the morning, to be blow, and in the very act of brought back at noon, a victim shrinking from this expression to that Moloch-modern honor? of the public will, pleads PUBLIC And, as the sword passes through OPINION in his own vindication !

our souls, to be told, that wein. The private circle is decisive. vited its point, and bribed the Go through the state from house assassin, by our own complacen. to house; number the patrons cy to his character ? of duelling; and when you

have But what shall be done? Rea. found them one in a thousand of son has spoken, and she is disre. our independent electors, begin garded. Religion has spoken and to speak of their opinion. Shall she is mocked. Thelaws have spo. we, then, hear that our opinions ken,and they are defied. Humani. collectively are in diametrical con. ty has spoken, and she is insulted. tradiction to your opinions separ. This is unhappily true. One ately? And that the public ap- measure, however still remains. plauds a practice which every one A measure, simple, dignified, and who contributes to make up that probably more effectual than any public, a handful of the desperate which has been tried hitherto. excepted, pronounces to be sense. It is in the elective franchise. less and wicked? Yet strong as

The freemen of this state have

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only to refuse their countenance weight in the contemplation of and their VOTE at the elections a grand social reform. Among to every man who shall hereaf- all those to whom a general and ter be engaged either as princi. permanent suspicion has attach. pul or accessory to any duel, or ed on this subject, it would be in any attempt to promote one. difficult if not impossible to point As the utmost art is used by of. out an instance of mistake. And fenders in this way to frustrate should a mistake happen hereaf. the law by rendering the requi. ter, the person accused, know. site proof impossible, nothing ing that the charge, if believed, more is necessary to cut them off is to shut him out from the peo. from the benefit of their ill-got. ple's honors, will not be slow in ten impunity, than to make cur. repelling it, and rescuing his char. rent report, or one's private acter from unmerited odium. persuasion, by what means so. With regard to the second ob. ever obtained, the ground of with. jection. Instead of the interfering holding one's vote.

with the rightof election, the expe. That the influence of such a dient proposed is founded upon determination, if generally adopt. the broadest and freest exercise of ed and acted upon, would be ve. that right. It is the prerogative ry great, cannot admit of a doubt. of every elector to give or to de The only plausible objections are ny his vote to any candidate the two following:

for any reason which to him. 1. That a judgment founded self is satisfactory ; or for upon presumptive proof, such as no other reason than his common rumor, or an article in choice. He enjoys a control the public prints, might condemn over his own vote which no man an innocent man: and

nor body of men may question. 2. That the measure recom- And as he may give or refuse it mended may interfere with the to whomsoever he pleases at the freedom of elections.

time of election, so he is at perUpon the first objection it is fect liberty to declare, before. sufficient to remark, that should hand, what causes shall gpvera the case even occur, that a can. him in its application. didate for office should fail in his While the measure proposed election from an unjust suspicion does in no manner invade the of his having been concerned in freedom of election, it is recome a duel, it would still be much mended by the most forcible mo. better that an individual should tives of public utility and virtue. be kept out of an office to which The class of avowed duellists is he has no right but the people's too small to impoverish the gift, than that an atrocious crime councils or offices of the state by should go longer without cau. their absence. Nothing will be tion. The injury, if any, would lost by leaving them out, flow not from the vote, but from The intended remedy against the suspicion which existed prior their inroads upon society, ad. to it, and therefore could be no dresses itself to the very princiway occasioned by it,

ple on which they profess to build But such a case is so extreme. their practice a sense of honor, ly improbable as pot to be of any Close up the avenues to public


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