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p. 610.

p. 547.

66 A

66 A

1744, Mr. A.

says, was the tion is incorrectly used by the first translation of a classical au- author for employment. thor, made in America ;" but followed till his death his accus. George Sandys, treasurer of the tomed avocation," p. 117, &c. Virginia company, translated Admirality for admiralty,p. 413. Ovid's Metamorphoses in 1623. Obstruse for abstruse, p. 613.

OGLETHORPE (James), whose Such phrases as the following, age is said by Mr. Allen to have are not Attic :

66 His ordina. been "oinety-seven,” lived, it is tion took place;" 6 his death believed, to the age of at least one took place" &c. passim. It hundred and three years.

was not always the case,” p. We have observed the follow. 614. It was well that he did,” ing Omissions.

" For a length of BACKUS (CHARLES, D. D.) time,” p. 118.

" A number of published a sermon at the Ordi. circumstances,” nation of Freegrace Reynolds, number of such remarkable cor1795 ; sermons at the ordinations respondences,” p. 113. of Timothy Mather Cooley and number of years ago," p. 140. of Joseph Russell, 1796; and 66 Absent a number of years,' five Discourses on the Truth and . p. 148.” refused to assist in Inspiration of the Bible, 1797. this thing,” p. 489.

CLAP (THOMAS) published an In several instances, someessay on the nature and founda. thing is omitted, which ought to tion of moral yirtue and obliga. have been inserted to render the tion, 1765.

subject intelligible. “SquantoHITCHCOCK (Enos, D. D.) having been carried off by Hunt published an essay on the Lord's in 1614," p. 160. No other no. Supper.

tice is given of Hunt, in that MARSH (EBENEZER Grant) connexion, if in the volume.published an oration

66 Three hundred Indians came on truth of the Mosaic History of from the other fort;''p. 410. the creation," delivered at the No notice but this is given of public commencement in New any other fort."ObbatinewaHaven, 1798.

gave them a promise of assist. PhilliPS(SAMUEL)published, ance against the squaw sachem, A Minister's Address to his Peo.

No account is given of ple, 1739; and, The Sin of Sui. the squaw sachem. cide contrary to Nature, 1767. We object to a part of the tille

Smith (JOSIAH) published a of this work. "A Summary of Sermon, entitled “The charac- the History of the Several Colo. ter, preaching, &c. of the Rev. nies and of the United States” Mr. George Whitefield impar- is too promising. The reader tially represented and support. expects more than he finds. The ed;” 1740.

history of some of the colonies We have observed the follow- does not fill a single page; of ing Inaccuracies.

others, not half a one. Advocate, used as a verb, is an A work, so complex and ex. Americanism. If legitimate, it tensive as this, must have imis offensive, recurring as it does perfections. That this has not here, with frequency. Avoca- more, is greatly to the honor of

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the author's diligence and fidelity. church, and in the audience of A revision of it, with the advan. one of its bishops, is a circum. tage of his own scrutiny, the sug- stance, which might perhaps gestions of friends, and addition, overwhelm an honest and candid al materials, may render it a man with surprise. more finished production. Some It is the design of this sermon to characters may be omitted with. show, that certain titles, phrases, out detriment, and others advan. &c. found in the New Tes. tageously introduced. The Spar- tament, which have generally tan may, in some instances, been supposed to be applicable seize his plunder with

to Christians at the present day, adroitness, and conceal it with or to express doctrines of perma. more dexterity. Were the au. nent and unchanging truth, were thor, whose style is generally in reality applicable " solely to neat and pure, to use the words the situation of christianity at of others less, his work would its first institution."

The au. be more homogeneous, and more thor introduces four illustrations his own; and would therefore of his principle. In his first il. better stand the test of the statute lustration he says, that at the laws of Athens, by which it will time the Scriptures were written be tried, and the common law of " baptism was only another name Sparta, to which he himself has for conversion, because none were appealed.

baptized but converts ; and he then adverts to the impropriety, at the present day, of the synon.

ymous use of those'words. This Caution recommended in the ap- caution was perhaps necessary in

plication and use of scripture a church, which says of every language, a Sermon preached baptized infant, that it is, "reJuly 15,1777, in the cathedral generated with the Holy Spirit;” church of Carlisle, by W. Pa- but how the preacher, a member ley. Reprinted, Hilliard and of that church, should suggest Metcalf, 1809.

this caution, and yet at every

baptism be willing to read a serTuis little tract of only eleven vice, which contradicted his own pages could hardly be deemed belief, is somewhat wonderful, worthy of consideration, did it if it is not singular. He does not appear under the justly res. not seem, however, to be correct pected name of Dr. Paley. It in his supposition, that the Scripis to be lamented, that a regard tures use the word baptism in the to his reputation should not have same sense as conversion; for the prevented this old sermon; which passages quoted, * do not evince has long slumbered in forgetful. this, as any one will perceive, ness, from being brought again who will take the trouble to exbefore the public; for that such amine them. If he had said, that a sermon, so contradictory to the the fathers called baptism regenarticles of the church of Eng. eration, his statement could not land, should have been preached be denied. by one of the incumbents of that

* Mark xvi. 16; Acts xxii, 16; ii. 38;

Titus iii. 5.

66 elect",



Under his second illustra. Christ, and called.'s "The tion, he considers the terms dead in Christ shall rise first." called", 66 saints"

Similar passages might be multi. and the phrases “in Christ” plied without end. Now let any

chosen generation, one substitute professors in the royal priesthood, a holy na. place of saints, &c. and say tion, a peculiar people,” as used whether the absurdity, which only to distinguish the profes. would thus be introduced into sors of christianity from the rest the Scriptures, does not demon. of mankind, particularly from the strate the incorrectness of the heathens, and he asserts, that the principle, laid down by the same titles are now very obscure preacher ? in their application to the whole

In his third illustration he en. body of Christians, because there deavors to prove, that the words is not a very perceptible union foreknow, predestinate, choose, among them; and because they elect, &c. relate only to a new do not dwell among heathens, society of men, who were to take with whom they may be compar.

the place of the rejected Jews, ed. To apply these titles to in. and not to individuals; and to dividuals, or to a party, he says, the events of this life, and not to is extremely disgusting to the the final destiny of mankind. sober part of the professors of Upon this hypothesis perhaps the religion.” In support of his following passages would be o. position, he declares, that the bliged to undergo a transmutation word convert or converted may in order to exhibit good sense. in many places be substituted for " Whom he did foreknow, he the above mentioned words, or also did predestinate, to be con. phrases, without any injury to formed to the image of his Son, the meaning. If the author means them be also called and justified, by

a converted man one, who and glorified."** Unless it be is renewed by the Spirit of God, supposed that all who enjoy the and rescued from his natural sel. new dispensation, that is, all fishness, is rendered holy, there professing Christians, are justi. will be no controversy with him; fied, and will be admitted to fu. but if he means, as it appears he ture glory, how will any one, does, merely a professor of on the principle in question, vin. christianity, his role will be suf. dicate the truth of this portion ficiently tested by applying it to of Scripture? “ According as the following passages.

he hath chosen us in him before ye not know, that the saints (the the foundation of the world, professors] shall judge the that we should be holy and with world ?"'* 66 Who hath made out blame before him in love." + + us meet to be partakers of the “No man can come unto me, inheritance of the saints in except the Father, which hath light.” + “Who shall lay any sent me, draw him.” I “Having thing to the charge of God's predestinated us to the adoption elect 2" I "sanctified by God the Father and preserved in Jesus

Ş Jude 1.

** Rom. viii. 29, 30.

HtEph. i, 9. John vi. 14. *1Cor. vi, 2. Coloss. i. 12. #Rom. viii. 33. VOL. II. New Series.


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of sons."*
“He hath mercy, on Scripture mean ;

we answer, whom he will have mercy, and nothing ; nothing, that is, to whom he will he hardeneth.”+ us ; nothing to be found or Unless these passages, without sought for in the present circum. violating the rules of sober crit. stances of christianity;" icism, can be reconciled to the Yet this is the preacher, who principles of the sermon be- at the close of his sermon, claims fore us, those principles must to be a minister, “not of his be regarded as of little worth. own fame or fancies, but of the

Our author says, indeed, that sincere gospel of Jesus Christ!" the absolute appointment to sal. Yet this is the vicar of Dalston, vation or perdition, independent who by subscribing the articles of of ourselves or any thing we can the church of England, had openly do, lays the axe to the root of all and explicitly declared his belief, religion ; but if he had diligent. , “ that original sin is the fault ly considered the above recited and corruption of the nature of passages, he would have found, every man—w

-whereby man is ve. that such a doctrine is not a doc. ry far gone from original righ. trine of Scripture; for the sacred teousness, and is of his own na. volume declares the means to be ture inclined to evil, so that the ordained as well as the end, and flesh lusteth always contrary, to teaches that the elect” are ap- the spirit ; and therefore in er. pointed to “do” something in ery person born into this world this world as well as to inherit it deserveth God's wrath and eternal life. If he had also made damnation ; and this infection of himself acquainted with the opin. nature doth remain, yea, in them ions of those, whom he was op- that are regenerated, &c.;" we posing, he would probably have have no power to do good works discovered, that they did not ad. pleasant and acceptable to God, mit any predestination, which without the grace of God by was not supposed to conduct men

Christ preventiog us,

that we to uprightness of conduct andbe. may have a good will, and work. nevolent exertions.

ing with us, when we have that The fourth and last illustra- good will ;” 6 works, done betion is very similar to the sec- fore the grace of Christ and the ond. Because the change from inspiration of his Spirit are not heathenism, or from the Jewish pleasant to God;" =" predesti. religion to christianity was great, nation to life is the everlasting and presented new prospects and purpose of God, whereby (beinspired new hopes, therefore the fore the foundations of the world apthor supposes, that the phrases were laid) he hath constantly denew creature,”

creed by his counsel, secret to us, tion," "born again of God and to deliver from curse and damna. of the Spirit,” &c. express only tion those, whom he hath chosen the reception of christianity, and in Christ out of mankind and to have no reference to the agency bring them by Christ to everlastof divine power in renewing the ing salvation, as vesseis made to sinful heart. If it be asked, he honor, Wherefore they, which says, what such expressions of be endued with so excellent a

Eph. i. 5. + Rom. ix, 18. benefit of God, be called accord


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ing to God's purpose by his Paul's epistles hardly ever signi. Spirit, working in due season.” fies a natural death, to which &c.

men of all kiods are equally subIn what light will the honestyjected; but it means a spiritual and integrity of the man be con. death, or that perdition and des. sidered, who subscribed these ar. struction, to which sin brings ticles and yet printed the sermon men in a future state." under review ? And was this man 6With what but with the opMr. Paley, who has himself mi. eration and the co-operation of nutely explained, and forcibly the Spirit of God as of a real, inculcated the principles of efficient, powerful, active Being, moral rectitude, and who has can such expressions as the fol. demonstrated the truth of the lowing be made to suit? “If so Christian system ? It was indeed be, that the Spirit of God dwell Mr. Paley; but the sermon was

in you."

" If any man have published when he was a young not the Spirit of Christ he is man, before his patience of in. none of his.” “Ye have received quiry had brought him nearer to the Spirit of adoption.” “The the truth, before his maturer ob. Spirit itself beareth witness with servations and the lessons of ex. our spirit." These passages either perience had made him think assert or assume the fact, namely, more correctly; and we may the existence and agency of such add, before the law of the Spirit a Spirit; its agency, I mean, in of life in Christ Jesus had made and upon the human soul,” p.303. him free from the law of sin and Thus speaks the aged Dr. Pa. death.

ley; but if young Mr. Paley had In this sermon, printed first in been asked in the year 1777, ,1777, he says that only to tura what was the meaning of the from heathenism to christianity above recited passages of Scripwas all that was meant by the ture, whether they expressed any phrases, “ to be dead to sin, and influence or agency of the Holy alive from the dead,to be Spirit upon the sinful heart? born of the spirit &c. and that He would have said, "No, they these scripture expressions can. mean NOTHING!" not be applied to men under the Why is this old sermon,

which present circumstances of chris. the author in his last days would tianity. But age, and we trust the have been ashamed to acknowl. grace of God, brought to him wis. edge, and which he must have dom. After the revolution ofthir. wished to be suppressed on acty years he was called from life, count of its errors, not to say and he left behind him a volume of its most fatal perversion of of sermons, which has lately religious truth; why is this old been presented to the public. In sermon just at this time repub. this volume, written, when the lished? We submit the question presumption of youth had pass. to the reflections of our readers. ed away, he says,

" death in St.

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