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of our


imal life? How doth it hug and Bishop Lavington, a man who

wrap up itself in the garment of abhorred fanaticism, in a charge this mortality, not desiring to to his clergy, has these words :

be removed hence, to the more “My brethren, I beg you will perfect and blessed state ? The

husbandman is indeed rise up with me against MORAL

con. PREACHING. We have long been

tent to stay till the appoint.

ed weeks of the harvest; but attempting the reformation of the

would he be content to wait al. nation by discourses of this kind. With what success ? NONE AT

ways ? O my sensual heart! Is On the contrary we have this life of hope as contentful to dexterously preached the people thee, as the life of vision will into do woright infidelity. We be? Why dost thou not groan must change our voice. We must

within thyself, that this mortali. preach Christ, and him crucified. ty might be swallowed up of Nothing but the Gospel is, no.

life? Doth not the Scripture de. thiog will be found to be, the

scribe the saints by their earnest power of God unto salvation,

looking for the


Lord Jesus unto eternal life? besides. Let me therefore again and again request, may I not

Jude 21. By their hastening unadd, let me CHARGE you, to

to the coming of the day of God, preach Jesus, and salvation 2 Pet. iii. 12. What is the matthrough his name. Preach the

ter that my heart hangs back ? Lord who bought us; preach

Doth guilt lie upon my conredemption through his blood; science? Or have I gotten into a preach the saying of the great pleasant condition in the world, High Priest; he WHO BELIEVETH

which makes me say as Peter SHALL BE SAVED; preach repent.

on the mount, It is good to be

here? Or want I the assurance ance towards God, and faith in

of a better state ? Must God our Lord Jesus Christ."

make all my earthly comforts

die, before I shall be willing to THE LINGERING SOUL'S REFLEC.

die? Awake faith, awake my

life; beat up the drowsy deHow doth my slothful soul sires of my soul, that I may say, sink down into the flesh, and make haste, my beloved and settle itself in the love of this an. come away




DR. REES' CYCLOPÆDIA, VOL. IX. P. 1. CONSIDERABLE additions are a long life, with great diligence made to the article CLAYTON, and success ;

was admitted John, by the American Editors. member of some of the most Mr. Clayton came from England learned literary societies in Eu. to Virginia, in his youth; pur

rope ; and corresponded with sued the study of botany through Linnæus, Gronovius, and other Vol. II. New Series.


celebrated botanists. He seems of the state of New York for to have been a learned, useful, several years, and died at & very and pious man.

advanced age in 1776. The writers of the article CLIMATE coincide with the great

VOL. IX. P. II. body of the learned, in the opin.

UNDER the article COLLEGE, ion, that the temperature of the Dr. Rees had collected some aç. seasons, in every part of Europe, count of nearly all the semina. has undergone a great alteration, ries of liberal education in the since the time of Augustus. The United States. The American article is enlarged in this edition, editors have added something to with extracts from the very res.

the information with respect to pectable essay on the subject by most of these Colleges. Their Dr. Williams, published in the additions, however are not satis, same volume with his History of factory. No mention is made Vermont. We understand that of the studies in any of the New Mr. Webster, in a paper com- England Colleges; and but two municated sometime ago to the or three of those in the other Connecticut Academy of Arts States are described with suffiand Sciences, has taken up the cient particularity, in this ressubject; and, by a thorough in. pect. The expense of board, tu. vestigation of many facts, has ition, wood, &c. &c. is placed, shewn, that there has been by no perhaps in every instance, con. means such a change of climate siderably lower than facts will in Europe as is generally sup- warrant. Much more informa. posed, and that, with similar cul. tion on this subject, might have tivation, the same regions pro

been collected with very little duced the same fruits eighteen trouble. hundred years ago, as are pro

The character of Collins, the duced now.

This paper, it is deist, is treated much in the same expected, will soon be printed, manner, as that of Mr. Chubb, with other communications, in a upon which we have animadvert. volume now preparing for the ed. As we shall have occasion press, by direction of the Con. to notice the same thing in the necticut Academy.

life of Cooper, Lord ShaftsColden, Cadwallader, is a bury, we say no more in this new article of biography. The place. subject of it came from Scotland Under the articleCOMPLEXION, soon after his education was the English editors adopt the completed, and settled first at opinion, that all the varicties of Philadelphia, and then at New color and features observable in York. He was a physician, a the human species, can be acscholar, a botanist, and, during counted for by the influence of a great part of his life, a colonial climate, and various other causes magistrate. He corresponded both natural, and artificial. with many learned persons in This opiuion is ably supported, Europe, and gave them much in. and with the exception of one formation with respect to the thing stated to be à fact which infant colonies. He susiained we apprehend cannot be proved, the office of lieutenant governor

we find no fault with the origin

66 the

al article. But some person em

say we do not know this to be the case, ployed by the American pub. No white men or their descendants have

because the event has never yet occurred. lisher, has undertaken to be very ever yet been turned into real blacks.zise and philosophical on the occasion; it is, therefore, prop

If we may be permitted to ask er that we spend a few moments

a philosopher a question, we in examining his additions. After would inquire why he did not stating that climate exercises an state the negative evidence which extensive influence over the com.

enabled him to assert, in such plexion of man, and that this is unqualified terms, that abundantly proved by fact, he event has never yet occurred,"

and that 66 po white men have sagely observes : “But truth itself may be so far over

ever yet been turned into real stretched, as to change its nature, and

blacks?" And if this assertion even assume the character of error, or, was made without evidence, does if not of actual error, at least of mere hy. it not look like a petitio principii, pothesis.”

of which a philosopher ought to We should want

no other

be ashamed? proof than this sentence affords,

Our writer then denies that to convinee us, that the author of the Portuguese at Senegal, have it, neither knew how to write, become perfect blacks; but admits por how to think. Truth be that their complexion has indeed overstretched so as to change its

undergone a very remarkable nature! Every schoolboy ought change, and made considerable to koow, that the difference be.

advances towards blackness." tween truth and error, is immu.

He states also that their com. table and eternal.

But we are

plexion has remained stationary further taught, that, after truth

for this century past, without has changed its nature, it may acquiring a deeper dye.?. This assume the character of neither

last assertivn seems hardly sus. truth nor actual error, but of mere hypothesis.

ceptible of accurate proof, it Thus truth

being quite difficult to evince that among its variety of characters,

a man's skin is not a single chade may assume that of Proteus ;

darker than that of his ancestor for if it may be changed into

a hundred years ago.

The armere hypothesis, we defy any gument from these assumptions mortal to tell into what it may

is as follows: Dot be changed. But to proceed:

“It appears, therefore, that climate has “We know that warmth of climate long since produced its maximum of efwill, in time, convert the fair and ruddy fect upon them, and can approximate complexion of the Swede, the Dane, and

them no nearer to the hue of the aborigthe Scotchman, into the swarthy and inal African. If during the term of four olive eomplexion of the Spaniard and the centuries, climate cannot convert a white Italian, and even into the tawny cast of the Moor. We know this to be true,

man into a negroe, there is the most sol

id ground to believe that, as a physical because it is the result of actual observa.

cause, it is totally inadequate to the task.” tion. Changes of complexion similar to this are daily occurring before our We should draw a different eyes, even in certain parts of the United States But we do not know that any argument from the same facts. warmth or other circumstances of climate It appears to us more correct to ean ever change the sanguine hue of the nhabitants of the north of Europe, into

say, if in the comparatively short be ebon-dye of the natives of Congo. I period of four centuries, the


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Portuguese at Senegal have un- hundred years ago. A knowledge of this

fact ought to have made Dr. Smith of dergone a very remarkable change

Princeton, extremely cautious how he in their complexion, and made hazarded a contrary statement.” considerable advances towards We cheerfully refer it to our blackness, is there not the most readers, as perfectly well solid ground to believe,' that in known fact, that successive gen. thirty or forty centuries their erations of negroes, in the Unit. descendants might become "per- ed States, do gradually lose the fect blacks."

jetty blackness of their ances. But,” continues the writer, “if climate cannot change a fair European into

tors,' and undergo considerable a jetty African, much less can it work in

changes in the formation of their the opposite direction, and change the

features. As to the insinuation African to the European complexion.”

to the disadvantage of Dr. Smith, The force of this a fortiori his able essay is in no danger from reasoning we confess ourselves such puny attacks, as the one unable to discover. The ques- we are now considering. tion of the influence of climate The writer closes apparently we have always considered to be with great self-complacency, in a question of fact only; and to the following paragraph: say that it is harder for climate “The question respecting the mutato change the descendants of bility of the complexion of man is a phi

losophical one. And, as philosophers, a black man into white men, than we have certainly no solid ground to bethe contrary, is extremely ridic- lieve, that the extremes of this complexulous.

ion can ever be changed into each other

by the influence of climate. It is remark“The immutability of the African dye able that the doctrine of entire mutability appears to be fairly recognized even in on this subject, is and always has been, the Scriptures of truth. For it is there advocated by men much more distinguishintimated in plain terms, and in the most ed for their piety and Christian zeal, than forcible manner, that the Ethiopian can for their knowledge of nature.” no more change the color of his skin, than the leopard can change the color of his

We are taught in this passage, spots.

it seems, that philosophical quesIt is a pity the reader had not

tions are to be determined with. been informed where to find this out any regard to the decisions curious passage of Scripture of inspiration on the subject. But suppose the Bible had said And though as Christians we are any such thing, who in the world to believe the Bible, which is ever supposed that the Ethiopian appealed to by this writer “ as or any body else, could change the Scriptures of truth,” and the color of his skin ? The wri.

which has most explicitly decidter proceeds thus:

ed this question, yet as philoso“ But in a case so plain and demonstra

phers we are to consider that ble as the present one, we have no need as plainly and demonstrably imof deriving our authority from holy writ. possible, which as Christians we Observation is alone sufficient for our purpose. There are now, in various

most assuredly believed. Away parts of the United States, families of

with such paltry sophistry. We negroes, constituting the fifth and even have said that the Bible has de. sixth generation, in descent from their native African progenitors. Yet after

cided this question ; and surely such an immense lapse of time, no mate- there is no need of proving to rial change has taken place in their com- the reader of the Bible that plexion. In point of color they are as real negroes now, as their ancestors were

this assertion is correct. We when imported from Africa nearly two only mention that it is most un.

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equivocally revealed in the Old On the style we would merely and New Testament, that Adam observe, that approximate, was the father of the whole hu. as an active verb, is not author. man race; and the whole scheme ized by good writers; and that of redemption was formed in ac. to call five or six generations of cordance with that truth.

men an immense lapse of time" As for the sneer at the close is extravagant. of the article, we dismiss it with.

(To be continued.) out any farther remark.



List of Donations to the Massachusetts Missionary Society. 1808.
Sept. 28. From Braintree 75 of Rev. Mr. May's Ordination Sermons $ c.
Oct. 5.

Henry Morse of Leicester, being a fine for horse

4 10
Nov, 7
A female friend in Medford

50 1809. April 24. John Foster

15 50 Sally Foster

2 56
The late Richard Devens, Esq. 10 shares in the

Massachusetts Fire and Marine Office
Cash, from the same

602 50 May27. From Rev. Mr. Hopkins

23 50 29 Rev. Jacob Norton, from Isaac Wilder, Hingham 3 Rev. Dr. Emmons from his Society

32 90 Rev. JonathauStrong,from a friend to be laid out in Bibles 7 Rev. Samuel Worcester, from his Society

216 70 By do. from associated ladies of his society

146 75 Rev. Dr. Spring, from his Society

94 Thomas Wales, of Bridgewater

3 Rev. F. Sears, from Abel Perry, of Natick

3 Rev. Joseph Emerson, from a young man

1 Rev. Dr. Parish, from his Society

14 92 Rev. Nathaniel Howe, from his Society

24 5 Rev. Mr. Hopkins, from his Society

66 50
by do. from Ladies

80 89
Rev. Peter Sanborn, from his Society
Mr. John Dunson

A young woman

1 Contribution at the Old South Meeting house 153 13


Account of Donations to the Cent Society. 1809.
May 29. Rec'd of Dr. Emmons from ladies in Franklin

Cælia Wade of Scituate
Sarah Bailey Do.
Rev. Jonathan Strong of Randolph
Sophia Walker from ladies of the South Society in

Danvers 30

Rev. Mr. Emerson from Ladies in Beverly

Rev, Mr. Worcester Do. Salem
Rev. Mr. Howe, from ladies in Hopkinton

18 50


52 1 50

23 30 62 30 14 8 3 68

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