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thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, for the safe and convenient residence of the keeper, (probably referring to the temple,) and also made a wine press therein, removed all the hindrances, and gave all the means

of fruitfulness : and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, 3 and it brought forth wild grapes, or poisonous berries. And

now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I

pray you, betwixt me and my vineyard ; though yourselves are 4 parties, the case is so plain, that I leave it to your judgment. What

could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it ? hath any thing been wanting on my part ? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth

wild grapes ? how can this disappointment be accounted for ? 5 And now, go to, or rather, come now, and I will tell you what I

will do to my vineyard : I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up ; [and] break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down ; I will quite withdraw my protection, and give Israel up as a prey to their enemies ; their state and church 6 shall be quite ruined : And I will lay it waste : it shall not be

pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briars and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it :

they shall lose all their outward blessings and spiritual privileges. 7 Then comes the explanation of the parable : For the vineyard of

the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant ; a country in which he took delight, and did more for its inhabitants than for any other people : and he looked for, judgment, but bebold oppression ; for righteousness, but behold a cry; of the oppressed, 10 men for help,

and 10 God for vengeance.


1. W


E have great cause to be thankful for our national bless.

No nation upon earth has more reason to apply these things to themselves than we have. God hath taken care of us as his vineyard, haib given us all desirable blessings, temporal and spiritual. Christ, the branch, hath as it were sprung up among us, and we enjoy the glorious fruits of it in the gospel of peace. We have the protection of heaven on our dwelling places; and, what deserves our especial thankfulness, on our solemn assemhlies; upon every thing that is the glory of our land the Lord hath created a defence. Let us seriously reflect how valuable these blessings are, and how few enjoy them, that we may be inspired with sentiments of gratitude to God. Nevertheless,

2. We should be very cautious and watchful, lest we forfeit these blessings. The end for which they were given and are continued to us is, that we may be fruitful : it is the design of all to make us holy and obedient. Let this then be our aim ; for no lasting happiness can be expected till the filth of our land be purged away; and that will not be, without the spirit of judgment and burning, which

we should daily and earnestly implore. If we go on in sin, God may justly deprive us of our privileges, and take the gospel away from us. And we must allow it to be just and reasonable that he should, for what could God have done more? Therefore let us rot be high minded, but fear. This parable is also applicable to par. ticular persons, and the advantages they enjoy. We have conscience, scripture, ordinances, and ministers; if we are unfruitful, God will take away his grace ; deny the dews of his blessings; and what was our inexcusable sin, will be our just and dreadful punishment, we shall be quite barren and useless. Let us labour therefore to answer and repay the divine cultivation, to have our fruit unto hoe liness, and the end will be everlasting üfe.

CHAP. V. 8, to the end.

The prophet here threatens judgments upon the nation, principally ree ferring to the captivity; and specifies the particular sing for which God would punish them.



O unto them that join house to house, [that] lay field

to field, who engross all trade, profits, and estates to them. selves, from a principle of insatiable avarice, and to the injury of

their neighbours, till (there be no place, that they may be placed 9 alone in the midst of the earth! În mine ears (said) the LORD

of hosts, Of a truth many houses shall be desolate, (even) great 10 and fair, without inhabitant. Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall

yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah,

that is, but a icnth part; 80 that they shall have no comfort in 11 their houses and lands. Wo unto them that rise up early in the

morning, (that) they may follow strong drink, that continue until night, (till] wine inflame them ! who make a trade of drink

ing, and thus waste their time, their substance, and their health, and 12 inflame their lusts and passions by it. And the harp, and the viol,

the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the Lord, neither consider the operation of his

hands ; they delight in mirth and pleasure, but regard neither the 13 merciful nor afflictive dispensations of Providence. Therefore

my people are gone, that is, they shall go, into captivity, because (they have) no knowledge : and their honourable men [are) famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst ; this

was the case at the siege of Jerusalem, and the devastation of their 14 country by the Chaldeans. Therefore hell hath enlarged herself,

and opened her mouth without measure : and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall de

scend into it, like Korah and his company. A dreadful image, to 15 represent the suddenness and terror of their destruction. And the

mean man shall be brought down, and the mighty man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty shall be humbled; as they were 16 joined together in sin, so shall they be in punishment : But the

LORD of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and God that is holy shall be sanctified in righteousness; his power and holiness

shall be seen and magnified in the righteous judgments brought 17 upon the wicked. Then shall the lambs feed after their manner;

the pious poor, who are left in the land, shall be supported and protected ; and the waste places of the iat ones shall strangers eat;

strangers shall devour what the rich inen got by covetousness and 18 oppression. Wo unto them that draw iniquity with cords of

vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope ; who set themselves 19 seriously and resolutely about it, and encourage others in it : That

say, Let him make speed, [and] hasten his work, that we may see (it :] and let the counsel of the Holy One of, Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know [it !] who say

that the prophetic threatenings are all bugbears, and that God can20 not or will not do as they have said. Wo unto them that call

evil good, and good evil ; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness ; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter !

who confound the nature of virtue and vice, contrary to their judg21 ment and knowledge. Wo unto (them that are] wise in their

own eyes, and prudent in their own sight, and so despise the 22 propher's instructions ! Wo unto [them that are) mighty to

drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink ; who

drink a great deal without being disordered, and boast of it as an 23 accomplishment : Which justify the wicked for reward, and take

away the righteousness of the righteous from him, by condemn24 ing and punishing him! Therefore as the fire devoureth the

stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, (so) their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossoms shall go up as dust ; they shall be destroyed root and branch, like a tree rotten at the root :

because they have cast away the law of the Lord of hosts, and 25 despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. Therefore is the

anger of the Lord kindled against his people, and be hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them : and the hills did tremble, and their carcasses (were] torn, or, shall be as dung, in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand [is] stretched out still, he will

yet take further vengeance upon them. 26 And he will lift up an ensign to the nations from far, to the

Chaldeans, and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth ; and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly; he will collect

them with the utmost case, as shepherds gather their sheep by 27 whistling: None shall be weary nor stumble among them ;

none shall slumber nor sleep ; neither shall the girdle of their Joins be loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken ; he will

strengthen them for their work, and nothing shall hinder them in 28 their march: Whose arrows (are] sharp, and all their bows

bent, completely armed for destructim; their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, they shall not be broken by the roughness of the ruad, and their wheels like a whirlwind, which intimales the

29 squifitness of their march, and the violence of the attack : Their

roaring [shall be] like a lion, they shall roar like young lions, yea, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey, and shall carry

[it] away safe, and none shall deliver (it,] neither the Jews then30 selves, nor the Egyptians, whom they defended upon. And in

that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea ; and if (one) look unto the land, behold darkness (and) sorrow : and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof; every thing about them shall be terrible, black, and disma!.



ROM this chapter we are taught, that a sinful state is a wo

ful state, and should particularly attend to the awful woes denounced against some transgressors.

1. Against those who are guilty of insatiable covetousness: a vice particularly prevalent in corporate towns, encouraged by their monopolists, and pleaded for in defence of their rights. It appears in being greedy of gain, opposing and undermining others of the same business, striving to get all trade to themselves, and artfully depriving others of the means of supporting their families. It is just in God to disappoint such greedy persons, and to blast their endeavours ; at least, he will punish them hereafter for their avarice and cruelty.

2. Let the rotaries of riot and mirth attend to their doom, as here pronounced by the Almighty. Let drunkards hear and tremble ; and know, that God will punish them who tarry long at the wine, though they can go home sober: the mispence of their substance and time, the inflaming of their lusts and passions by strong drink, are sins with which he is hignly displeased. Yea, let those who are given to pleasure, and spend their time in mirth, gaming, and gay assemblies, which ought to be deroted to reading and prayer, considering the works of God, and taking care of their families, remember, that there is a wo against them, though they should not drink to excess. But,

3. The most wicked and dangerous sinners are those who confound the difference between good and evil. The difference is as great as between light and darkness ; yea, as plain and evident to the mind, as the difference between light and darkness is to the eye, or that between sweet and bitter to the taste. These are they who argue against the principles and practice of religion, and misrepresent the ways of God, gloss over the practices of sin, and labour to weaken the restraints of piety, and justify that which is evil. As in this they act contrary to the light of nature and the convictions of conscience, their guilt is highly aggravated.

4. We see upon the whole the ground of God's controversy with nations : it is for these and such like sins abounding in them, ant particularly that which is at the bottom of all, v. 34, refusing to submit to his reproofs and receive his instructions ; and despising the counsel of his messengers and the commands of his law. These predictions were intended as warnings to Israel, and they are written for our admonition ; that, if we desire the prosperity of our country, and the salvation of our own souls, we may live soberly, righteously, and godly, in the present world.


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Here is a new commission given to the prophet, to promote his rev

erence for God, his activity and perseverance in his work, and to encourage him amidst the unsuccessfulness of his ministry. 1 N the year that king Uzziah died I saw also, in a dream,

or a vision when awake, the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, the Shekinah, or glory of the Lord, which was

Christ, (John xii. 41.) and his train, or skirts, filled the temple. 2 Above it, or beside it, stood the seraphims ; an allusion to the cher

ubim attending the ark ; they are called seraphim, or burninga, to express their holy nature and fervent zeal : each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. This is very expressive of their

reverence of God, and their activity in executing his commands. 3 And one cried unto another, alternately expressing their transports of zeal and joy, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts ; he is supremely and unchangeably holy in all his dispensations and judgments : the whole earth [is] full of his glory ;

his perfections now shine in his works and providence ; but it shall 4 be more so in gospel times. And the posts of the door moved at

the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke,

in token of God's indignation against his people. 5 Then said I, Wo [is] me ! for I am undone, or, I am struck

dumb, because I (am) a man of unclean lips, I am a polluted sinful creature, unfit to be employed in any service for God, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips : for mine eyes

have seen the King, the LORD of hosts; I have seen him in all 6 his splendor and purity, appearing as a judge. Then New one

of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand, 7 (which] he had taken with the tongs from off the altar : And

he laid [it] upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips ; and thine iniquity is taken away, and thy sin purged ; this is a sign that thy guilt is pardoned, and that a commission is given thee to be a preacher and reprover to this people.

Also I heard the voice of the LORD, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? He asked not for information, but that Isaiah might willingly offer himself. Then said I, Here

[am] I ; send me; I am very willing to go now my incapacity is 9 removed. And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye, in

Jeed, but understand not ; and see ye indeed, but perceive not ; though I give you the means of instruction, and lay before you

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